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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(4): 347-358, jul. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008172

RESUMO

Manilkara zapota (Sapotaceae), commonly known as Sapodilla, is widely known for its delicious fruit. Various parts of this plant are also used in folk medicine to treat a number of conditions including fever, pain, diarrhoea, dysentery, haemorrhage and ulcers. Scientific studies have demonstrated analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, cytotoxic, antimicrobial, antidiarrheal, anti-hypercholesteremic, antihyperglycemic and hepatoprotective activities in several parts of the plant. Phytochemical studies have revealed the presence of phenolic compounds including protocatechuic acid quercitrin, myricitrin, catechin, gallic acid, vanillic acid, caffeic acid, syringic acid, coumaric acid, ferulic acid, etc. as main constituents of the plant. Several fatty acids, carotenoids, triterpenes, sterols, hydrocarbons and phenylethanoid compounds have also been isolated from M. zapota. The present review is a comprehensive description focused on pharmacological activities and phytochemical constituents of M. zapota.


Manilkara zapota (Sapotaceae), comúnmente conocida como Sapodilla, es ampliamente conocida por su delicioso fruto. Variadas partes de esta planta se usan en medicina popular para tratar una serie de afecciones, como fiebre, dolor, diarrea, disentería, hemorragia y úlceras. Estudios científicos han demostrado actividad analgésica, antiinflamatoria, antioxidante, citotóxica, antimicrobiana, antidiarreica, antihipercolesterolémica, antihiperglucémica y hepatoprotectora en diferentes partes de la planta. Los estudios fitoquímicos han revelado la presencia de compuestos fenólicos que incluyen ácido protocatechúico, quercitrina, miricitrina, catequina, ácido galico, ácido vanílico, ácido cafeico, ácido sirínico, ácido cumárico, ácido fúnico y ácido ferúlico como componentes principales de la planta. Varios ácidos grasos, carotenoides, triterpenos, esteroles, hidrocarburos y compuestos feniletanoides también han sido aislados de M. zapota. La presente revisión es una descripción exhaustiva centrada en las actividades farmacológicas y los constituyentes fitoquímicos de M. zapota.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Manilkara/química , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Fenóis/farmacologia , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Saponinas/farmacologia , Esteróis/isolamento & purificação , Esteróis/farmacologia , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Carotenoides/isolamento & purificação , Carotenoides/farmacologia , Sapotaceae/química , Compostos Fenólicos/análise , Medicina Tradicional
2.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(4): 392-410, jul. 2019. mapas, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008179

RESUMO

An ethnobotanical study was conducted with the aim to identify the medicinal plants used for the treatment of Diabetes mellitus (DM) in Sidi Bel Abbes region (Northwest Algeria). Sidi Bel Abbes, known for its diverse ecological habitats, such as mountains, steppe, lake, and fertile plains with diverse medicinal plants. The data was collected through questionnaire and interviews with inhabitants and traditional healers. The results obtained revealed that 33 plant species distributed in 20 genera belonging to 21 families for the treatment of DM were used. The most represented families were Lamiaceae, Asteraceae, Myrtaceae, Fabaceae and Lauraceae. Medicinal plants commonly used were Trigonella foenum-graecum, Olea europaea, Cinamomum cassia, Artemisia herba-alba, Lupinus albus, Juniperus communis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Prunus dulcis and Berberis vulgaris. The study revealed that, leaves, followed by seeds and stem bark were mostly used parts. Also, decoction and infusion were the most frequently used method of preparation. This study confirms that most people with Diabetes mellitus in the study areas rely on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs.


Se realizó un estudio etnobotánico con el objetivo de identificar las plantas medicinales utilizadas para el tratamiento de la Diabetes mellitus (DM) en la región de Sidi Bel Abbes (noroeste de Algeria). Sidi Bel Abbes, conocida por sus diversos hábitats ecológicos, como montañas, estepas, lagos y fértiles llanuras con plantas medicinales. Los datos se recopilaron mediante cuestionarios y entrevistas con habitantes y curanderos tradicionales. Los resultados obtenidos revelaron que 33 especies vegetales distribuidas en 20 géneros pertenecientes à 21 familias fueron utilizadas para el tratamiento de DM. Las familias más representadas fueron Lamiaceae, Asteraceae, Myrtaceae, Fabaceae y Lauraceae. Las plantas medicinales comúnmente utilizadas fueron Trigonella foenum-graecum, Olea europaea, Cinamomum cassia, Artemisia herba-alba, Lupinus albus, Juniperus communis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Prunus amygdalus y Berberis vulgaris. El estudio reveló que las hojas, seguidas de las semillas y la corteza de tallo, eran en su mayoría partes usadas. Sin embargo, la infusión y la decocción son el método de preparación más utilizado. El estudio reveló que las hojas, seguidas de las semillas y las partes del área, eran en su mayoría partes utilizadas. Tambien, la decocción y la infusión fueron los métodos de preparación más utilizado. Este estudio confirma que la mayoría de las personas con Diabetes mellitus en las áreas d'estudio dependen de la medicina tradicional para sus necesidades d'atenciónn primaria de la salud.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Plantas Medicinais , Folhas de Planta , Etnobotânica , Preparações de Plantas/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Sementes , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Argélia , Medicina Tradicional
4.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104269, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323238

RESUMO

The genus Amoora belongs to the Meliaceae family comprising approximately 25-30 species. Many Amoora species have been used as folk medicines for the treatment of many diseases. This review focuses on diverse chemical constituents from Amoora species as well as significant pharmacological activities. Up to now, a total of 140 compounds including eight sesquiterpenoids, twenty-six diterpenoids, forty-two triterpenoids, twenty-two limonoids, seven steroids, seven alkaloids, seven rocaglamide derivatives, four flavonoids, four glycosides, two coumarins, nine phenols, and two organic acids and esters were reported from Amoora species. Triterpenoids are characteristic components for Amoora species. The extracts and chemical constituents of Amoora species exhibit a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities including cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal activity. The present review may provide useful evidence for reasonable utilization of Amoora species as folk medicines and further research in drug discovery.


Assuntos
Meliaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Medicina Tradicional
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2886-2892, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359706

RESUMO

Through summarizing the applications and funding for research related to ethnomedicine and ethnopharmacology in the department of Health Sciences of the National Natural Science Foundation of China( NSFC) from 1986 to 2018,and analyzing the categories,numbers,funds and research contents of all funded projects including Mongolian,Uygur,Tibetan,Zhuang,Miao,the study is aimed to provide certain reference for the declaration of ethnic medicine project. The results showed that the national medicine project application numbers and the amount of funding growth after 2011 have increased significantly,but the overall level of research remained to be further promoted,and the lack of suitable for the study of ethnic medicine features and ways,has yet to mainland medical universities and research institutions to give more attention and jointly promote the development of basic research in the field of ethnic medicine.


Assuntos
Etnofarmacologia , Administração Financeira , Fundações , China , Medicina Tradicional
6.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 266-276, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243622

RESUMO

Herbal teas are used as therapeutic vehicles in many forms of traditional medicine and are a popular global beverage. The purpose of this scoping review was to examine the evidence relating to the clinical efficacy and safety of herbal teas, and to identify the main research themes and gaps in knowledge to inform further work. A scoping review methodology was followed that set out the research question and described the sourcing, selection and analysis of studies. Overall, a total of 145 research publications were retrieved from global bibliographic databases, and after applying exclusion criteria, 21 remained. These studies looked at herbal tea use in female health, diabetes, heart disease and weight loss, with plant species including lavender, chamomile, fenugreek, stinging nettle, spearmint, hibiscus, yerba maté, echinacea and combinations of herbs. Observational studies explored associations between herbal tea consumption and cancer risk, liver health, and the risks linked to the consumption of environmental contaminants in the plant material. Despite plant materials being the basis for drug discovery, and the popularity of herbal teas, the number of articles exploring clinical efficacy and safety is small. In this review we discuss how herbal teas may be beneficial in some areas of clinical and preventative health, and what further research is required to understand whether regular consumption can contribute to healthy living more generally.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Plantas Medicinais , Chás de Ervas/análise , Biodiversidade , Humanos , Medicina Preventiva
7.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(6): 806-811, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187766

RESUMO

Objective: Studies related to traditional practices and benefits have been usually performed among women. The literature regarding the traditional practices used by men in Turkey and around the world and their expected benefits is more limited. The aim of this study was to examine the traditional practices used by couples with fertility problems, affecting factors, expected benefits, and learning paths. Materials and Methods: The descriptive study was performed between May and July 2017 in Izmir, Turkey. In total, 151 women with infertility were included. The data related to the use of this practice by men were obtained from women partners. "Personal information form" and "traditional practices evaluation form" were used to obtain the data. Results: In total, 35.8% of the women and 25.8% of the men used traditional practices. The 24.4% of women and 52.1% of men used other practices such as figs, onion cures, and hacamat, whereas 18.2% of women and 14.9% of men used various herbs. The benefits they expected from traditional practices were facilitating conception, ensuring follicle development in women, increasing sperm count, and quality and facilitating conception in men. Overall, 37.0% of women learned of these practices from their friends, 30.7% of men learned from their partners, 20.4% of women and 20.6% of men learned from the internet. Conclusion: The couples in this study widely used traditional practices to solve fertility problems and learned from their friends and partners.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Fertilidade , Infertilidade/terapia , Fitoterapia , Autocuidado/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Amigos , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Internet , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional , Preparações de Plantas/uso terapêutico , Análise do Sêmen , Cônjuges , Turquia
8.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 721, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pastoralists rely on traditional healers (THs) for general health problems. However, some studies indicate that such practices result in delays in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) cases. This study aims to assess the role of traditional healers in the detection and referral of active TB cases in a pastoralist community. METHODS: We identified 22 traditional healers from 7 villages of Kereyu pastoralist community in the Fentale district in Ethiopia in January 2015. We trained these THs in identifying presumptive TB symptoms and early referral to the nearby healthcare facilities. The training was held during a 1 week period that included a visit to their villages and follow-up. A 1 day meeting was held with the traditional healers, the district TB care and prevention coordinator and health extension workers from the selected sub-district to discuss the referral link between THs and the nearby healthcare facilities. Health providers working at the TB units in the selected healthcare facilities were oriented about the training given and planned involvement of THs in referring presumptive TB case. In addition, documentation of the presumptive TB cases was discussed. RESULTS: We succeeded in tracing and interviewing 8 of the 22 THs. The rest were on seasonal migration. According to the THs report for the 1 year period, these 8 THs had referred 24 TB suspects to the healthcare facilities. Sputum smear microscopy confirmed 13 of the 24 suspects as having TB cases. Among those confirmed, 10 completed treatment and three were on treatment. Five presumptive TB cases were confirmed non TB cases through further evaluation at the healthcare facilities and six of the presumptive TB cases were lost to follow up by the THs. Whereas, four of the presumptive TB cases were lost to follow up to the healthcare facility. CONCLUSIONS: Results of the present study indicate that THs can contribute to the detection of undiagnosed active TB cases in a pastoralist community, provided they are given appropriate training and support.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Tradicional/estatística & dados numéricos , Papel Profissional , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Adulto , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Assistência Religiosa , Projetos Piloto
9.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(8): e1900131, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173470

RESUMO

Most species of the genus Laggera are often used in traditional and folk medicines for the treatment of jaundice, inflammation, leukemia, removing phlegm, bronchitis and bacterial diseases. The essential oils obtained from Laggera plants are rich sources of oxygenated monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Among oxygenated monoterpenes, aromatic ether 2,5-dimethoxy-p-cymene is the most abundant and dominant compound of many essential oils of the Laggera species. Till today, to the best of our knowledge, chemical compounds of the essential oils and/or extracts of only eight Laggera species were reported from different countries. Thus, this review presents the chemical compositions and biological activities of the essential oils of these plants studied in thirteen countries. In addition, it discusses the reported ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological information as well as biological activities of the extracts and some of the isolated compounds of Laggera plants species.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/metabolismo , Óleos Voláteis/química , Antioxidantes/química , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicina Tradicional , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Fenóis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química
10.
Planta Med ; 85(11-12): 869-910, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216581

RESUMO

The 2 genera Ballota and Otostegia, belonging to the Lamiaceae family, are closely related taxonomically and found mainly in the Mediterranean area, Middle East, and North Africa. Since ancient times, they have been largely employed in traditional medicine for their biological properties such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, insecticidal, anti-malaria, etc. Phytochemical investigations of Ballota and Otostegia species have revealed that diterpenoids are the main constituents of the genera. A large number of flavonoids and other metabolites were also identified. This review, covering literature from 1911 up to 2018, includes traditional uses, chemical profiles (both of volatile and nonvolatile metabolites), and biological properties of all the taxa of these 2 genera studied to date.


Assuntos
Ballota , Lamiaceae , Fitoterapia/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Ballota/química , Ballota/metabolismo , Humanos , Lamiaceae/química , Lamiaceae/metabolismo , Medicina Tradicional , Extratos Vegetais/química
11.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 150, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional medicine remedies are commonly used for treatment of diverse ailments including bacterial infections. The activity against resistant bacteria and safety of some remedies sold as anti-infective treatments in market places in Buea, Southwest Cameroon were investigated as potential alternative treatment to counter increasing antibiotic resistance. METHODS: Ten remedies were purchased, their components documented and microbial load estimated. Methanol extracts of the remedies were tested for antibacterial activity by disc diffusion and microdilution. Cytotoxicity was evaluated on monkey kidney epithelial cells (LLC-MK2) while acute oral toxicity was done in BALB/c mice for the bactericidal extract. Extracts were further analysed using phytochemical tests. RESULTS: All the remedies had microbial loads above the acceptable limit of 105 CFU/g. The highest activity was produced by extracts of four remedies (TP 1, 2, 4, 6a, 6b) against all clinical isolates among which three were active against four control strains. Zones of inhibition ranged from 8 to 27 mm. Two of the four extracts produced zones ≥20 mm against multidrug resistant clinical isolates of Citrobacter freundii and Escherichia coli but were less active compared to Gentamycin positive control (P < 0.0001-0.0014). The most active extracts also recorded minimum inhibitory concentrations of 1 to 4 mg/mL. One of them (TP2) was bactericidal against a clinical isolate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with a minimum bactericidal concentration of 8 mg/mL. Extracts of six remedies did not show cytotoxicity and no mortality or adverse effect was recorded in the acute oral toxicity test. Phytochemical screening showed the most active extracts contained relatively high amounts of alkaloids and flavonoids. CONCLUSION: Only four of the eight remedies tested showed activity against multidrug resistant bacteria suggesting some of these remedies may not be effective against bacterial infections. Production and handling methods should be improved and the product quality controlled to ensure biosecurity. The remedies which were both active and non-toxic should be further investigated including in vivo experiments to assess their efficacy.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Camarões , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Plantas Medicinais/microbiologia
12.
Neurosciences (Riyadh) ; 24(2): 137-142, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056546

RESUMO

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common neuropathy of median nerve causing decreased physical and work performance. Herein, a 37-year-old male manual worker diagnosed with severe CTS exhibited severe pain with frequent awakening from night sleep to put hands in ice. Patients consent and ethical guidelines were carried out. As a novel approach, Al-hijamah was performed to both hands at the anterior and posterior carpal regions (using scarification safety technique) and at the back region. Immediately after Al-hijamah, a dramatic decrease in pain, numbness and parathesia occurred. Nerve conduction velocity and electromyography carried out few days after Al-hijamah confirmed improved voluntary motor unit morphologies in both hands. The severe degree of bilateral CTS improved electrophysiologically to be moderate. Scheduled surgical intervention was cancelled. This did better than a German report treating CTS using traditional Chinese wet cupping therapy at the trapezius muscle without applying sucking cups at the carpal region.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/terapia , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Adulto , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/fisiopatologia , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Condução Nervosa , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(3): 223-238, mayo 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007927

RESUMO

Plants of the genera Werneria (Asteraceae) and Xenophyllum (genus extracted from Werneria) are used in traditional medicine of Latin America for the treatment of mountain sickness, hypertension and gastrointestinal disorders. Only a small number of species of these genera have been studied, leading to the isolation of compounds belonging to the classes of benzofurans, chromenes, acetophenones, coumarates, diterpenes and pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Some of the plant extracts and/or compounds have shown antimicrobial, anti-HIV, hypotensive and photoprotective activities.


Las plantas de los géneros Werneria (Asteraceae) y Xenophyllum (género extraido de Werneria) son usadas en la medicina tradicional de América Latina para el tratamiento del mal de montaña, hipertensión y desórdenes gastrointestinales. Solo un pequeño número de especies de estos géneros ha sido investigado, lográndose aislar compuestos que pertenecen a las clases de benzofuranos, cromenos, acetofenonas, cumaratos, diterpenos y alcaloides pirrolizidínicos. Algunos de los extractos y/o compuestos de dichas plantas han mostrado actividades antimicrobianas, anti-HIV, hipotensoras y fotoprotectoras.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais/química , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Asteraceae/química , Acetofenonas/química , Terpenos/análise , Benzopiranos/química , Flavonoides/química , Ácido Clorogênico/química , Ácidos Cumáricos/química , Alcaloides/química , Doença da Altitude/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional
14.
Molecules ; 24(9)2019 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060200

RESUMO

Leea asiatica (L.) Ridsdale (Leeaceae) is found in tropical and subtropical countries and has historically been used as a traditional medicine in local healthcare systems. Although L. asiatica extracts have been found to possess anthelmintic and antioxidant-related nephroprotective and hepatoprotective effects, little attention has been paid toward the investigation of phytochemical constituents of this plant. In the current study, phytochemical analysis of isolates from L. asiatica led to the identification of 24 compounds, including a novel phenolic glucoside, seven triterpenoids, eight flavonoids, two phenolic glycosides, four diglycosidic compounds, and two miscellaneous compounds. The phytochemical structures of the isolates from L. asiatica were elucidated using spectroscopic analyses including 1D- and 2D-NMR and ESI-Q-TOF-MS. The presence of triterpenoids and flavonoids supports the evidence for anthelmintic and antioxidative effects of L. asiatica.


Assuntos
Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Vitaceae/química , Anti-Helmínticos/química , Anti-Helmínticos/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Helmínticos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Medicina Tradicional , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/farmacologia
16.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 35: 53-56, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Medicine (TM) use is growing and emerging as an issue of public healthcare importance. Recently, there are increasing interest and trends of TM use among health care professionals (HCP). However, information regarding TM use among pharmacists in Nigeria is limited. This study investigates the use of TM among pharmacists in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross sectional study in the form of an online survey (Google Surveys). Eligible participants were pharmacists currently practicing in Nigeria. The closed-ended questionnaire was developed and validated prior to the data collection. The hyperlink to the online survey questionnaire was shared with the eligible pharmacists via social media groups belonging to pharmacists' professional associations. RESULTS: A total of 262 of completed responses were received. Among the respondents, 53.2% had over 5 years of pharmacy practice experience and 48% were practicing in hospitals. 225 respondents (85.9%) have ever used TM at least once in their lifetime, while 21.3% were currently using TM at the time of the data collection. Those that used TM in the last 12 months were 47.0%, while those that used it within the last week, one month and six months were 15.4%, 10.5% and. 12.8% respectively. Herbal medicine was the most frequently used TM among the respondents (94.2%). The most common reason for using TM was for the maintenance of general well-being (38.2%). Among the TM users, 17.3% have reported experiencing an ADE-related to the TM use. Among the respondents, 44.7% felt TM is safe for use while 35.5% indicated that they will recommend TM to their patients. CONCLUSION: TM is commonly used by a pharmacist in Nigeria particularly among those practicing in the community and hospital. This signifies an increasing acceptance of TM among healthcare professionals and a call for more education and training on TM for effective pharmaceutical care delivery.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Medicina Tradicional Africana , Farmacêuticos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional , Nigéria , Fitoterapia , Papel Profissional , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(4): 518-526, 2019 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30954034

RESUMO

Pueraria montana var. lobata is a bioactive substance, in possession of a variety of beneficial health effects, which has long been extensively used as a traditional medication for the treatment of fever, acute dysentery, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases in North-East Asian countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cytoprotective activity of Pueraria montana var. lobata ethanol extract (PLE) for ultraviolet B (UVB) induced oxidative stress in human dermal fibroblasts (HDF). It was hypothesized that PLE treatment (25-100 µg/mL) would reduce intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels as well as increase collagen production in UVB-irradiated HDF. The results confirmed this theory, with collagen production increasing in the PLE treatment group in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, regulators of cellular ROS accumulation, including HO-1 and NOQ-1, were activated by Nrf2, which was mediated by PLE. Hence, intracellular levels of ROS were also reduced in the PLE treatment group in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, PLE increases collagen production and maintains hyaluronic acid (HA) levels in human dermal fibroblasts exposed to UVB-irradiation, thereby inhibiting photoaging.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/antagonistas & inibidores , Raízes de Plantas/química , Pueraria/química , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno/metabolismo , Colágeno/efeitos da radiação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/efeitos da radiação , Ácido Hialurônico/metabolismo , Medicina Tradicional , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos da radiação , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945985

RESUMO

Consumption and exploitation of crocodiles have been rampant for their exotic, nutritive and medicinal attributes. These depredations are alarming and although they have continued to be monitored by wildlife and conservation agencies, unlawful trading of crocodiles shows an increasing trend worldwide. Recently, conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assays for crocodile have been documented but they are only suitable for identification and cannot quantify adulterations. We described here a quantitative duplex real-time PCR assay with probes to quantify contributions from Crocodylus porosus materials simultaneously. A very short amplicon size of 127bp was used because longer targets could have been broken down in samples, bringing considerable uncertainty in molecular analysis. We have validated a TaqMan probe-based duplex real-time PCR (qPCR) assay for the detection of 0.004 ng DNA in pure state and 0.1% target meat in model chicken meatball. False negative detection was eliminated through an endogenous control (141-bp site of eukaryotic 18S rRNA). Analysis of 12 model chicken meatballs adulterated with C. porosus reflected 96.3-120.2% target recovery at 0.1-10% adulterations. A validation test of 21 commercial food and traditional medicine (TM) crocodile-based products showed 100% effectiveness. Short amplicon sizes, alternative complementary target, exceptional stability and superior sensitivity suggested the assay could be used for the identification and quantitative determination of C. porosus in any food or TM samples even under degraded conditions.


Assuntos
Jacarés e Crocodilos/genética , Sondas de DNA/genética , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Medicina Tradicional , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Animais
20.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 252, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How people respond to febrile illness is critical to malaria prevention, control, and ultimately elimination. This article explores factors affecting treatment-seeking behaviour for febrile illnesses in a remote area of Lao PDR. METHODS: Household heads or their representatives (n = 281) were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. A total of twelve focus group discussions (FGDs) each with eight to ten participants were conducted in four villages. In addition, observations were recorded as field notes (n = 130) and were used to collect information on the local context, including the treatment seeking behaviour and the health services. RESULTS: Almost three-quarters (201/281) of respondents reported fever in past two months. Most (92%, 185/201) sought treatment of which 80% (149/185) sought treatment at a health centre. Geographic proximity to a health centre (AOR = 6.5; CI = 1.74-24.25; for those < 3.5 km versus those > 3.6 km) and previous experience of attending a health centre (AOR = 4.7; CI = 1.2-19.1) were strong predictors of visiting a health centre for febrile symptoms. During FGDs, respondents described seeking treatment from traditional healers and at health centre for mild to moderate illnesses. Respondents also explained how if symptoms, including fever, were severe or persisted after receiving treatment elsewhere, they sought assistance at health centres. Access to local health centres/hospitals was often constrained by a lack of transportation and an ability to meet the direct and indirect costs of a visit. CONCLUSION: In Nong District, a rural area bordering Vietnam, people seek care from health centres offering allopathic medicine and from spiritual healers. Decisions about where and when to attend health care depended on their economic status, mobility (distance to the health centre, road conditions, availability of transport), symptoms severity and illness recognition. Current and future malaria control/elimination programmes could benefit from greater collaboration with the locally accessible sources of treatments, such as health volunteers and traditional healers.


Assuntos
Febre/terapia , Malária/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Adulto , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Grupos Focais , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Laos , Malária/complicações , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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