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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17551, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593137

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Refractory edema is characterized by persistent swelling which does not react to diuretic use and sodium restriction. Traditional herbal medicine, Gwack Rhyung Tang and Chunggan extract effectively treated refractory lower limb edema caused by cirrhosis and improved liver function. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old male patient with a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hepatic encephalopathy, and cellulitis presented lower limb edema which did not react to diuretics for more than 7 months. DIAGNOSES: Refractory edema caused by cirrhosis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated for 25 days using Gwack Rhyung Tang and Chunggan extract. OUTCOMES: Loss of body weight, decrease in circumferences of both lower limb and improvement of liver function biochemistry results are checked. There was no recurrence or aggravation of the condition up to 3 weeks of follow-up periods. LESSONS: Traditional herbal medicine can be an effective alternative for refractory edema due to cirrhosis with improving liver function.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Fibrose/complicações , Medicina Herbária , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Phytother Res ; 33(9): 2152-2162, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273865

RESUMO

Devil's Claw is a traditional medicine that has been long used a wide range of health conditions, including indigestion, fever, allergic reactions, and rheumatism. The main compounds are iridoid glycosides, including harpagoside, harpagide, and procumbide. However, harpagoside is the most responsible for therapeutic activity, and its content is used as reference standard. Here, we analyzed and summarized preclinical and clinical studies focusing on therapeutic efficacy of devil's claw preparations in pathological conditions in which inflammation plays a key causative role.


Assuntos
Harpagophytum/química , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Doença Crônica , Humanos
3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(5): 1733-1742, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166508

RESUMO

There has been significant growth in the number of municipal phytotherapy programs in the Unified Health System since the launch of the National Policy of Medicinal Plants in 2006. The aim of the research was to analyze how these programs are distributed throughout Brazil, how they express regional diversity and how land use can influence these programs and promote broad technical synergy (local knowledge and universal knowledge) and policy (strategy and actors) in the production, circulation, distribution and dispe sation of medicinal plants in the public health system. The analysis involved a theoretical framework of critical geography and public health, conceptual and thematic literature review, document analysis, survey of primary and secondary data along with extensive fieldwork. The results show that the growth of programs was accompanied by the choice of industrialized herbal medicines, spatially concentrated in the South and Southeast. Two phases were identified in this process: 1980-2008 characterized by horizontal actions linked to regional diversities; 2008 to the present characterized by verticalized actions on a national scale. The National Policy made it possible to increase the number of programs but did little to promote greater regional diversity.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Fitoterapia/métodos , Preparações de Plantas/administração & dosagem , Plantas Medicinais/química , Brasil , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Fitoterapia/tendências
4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 8939854, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111071

RESUMO

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam.), known as "Shakarqandi" in Pakistan, is an imperative root vegetable with large size, traditionally used as aphrodisiac, antiprostatic, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, cardiotonic, and anticancer agent. Present study was conducted to gauge aphrodisiac potential of Ipomoea batatas ethyl acetate (IPT-EA, IPA-EA) and methanol (IPT-M, IPA-M) extracts from tuber and aerial part, respectively, via behavioral and biochemical tests and their possible protective role in BPA-induced gonadotoxicity at the dose 300 mg/kg in male Sprague Dawley rats. Phytochemical analysis was done qualitatively and quantitatively through total phenolic and flavonoid content (TPC and TFC) and high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC-DAD) fingerprinting while antioxidant profiling used multimode in vitro assays. To calculate sexual excitement mount latency, intromission latency, mount frequency, intromission frequency, ejaculatory latency, and postejaculatory interval were examined while for biochemical ratification semen characteristics, levels of testosterone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol were measured. Gonadoprotective ability was assessed through comet assay and histomorphological examination of testes. Qualitative analysis ensured the presence of phenols, flavonoids, tannins, anthocyanin, saponins, coumarins, terpenoids, and betacyanin. Quantitatively maximal TPC (304.32±7.20 µg GAE/mg dry extract) and TFC (214.77±4.09 µg QE/mg DE) were estimated in IPA-EA extract. IPT-EA yielded maximum rutin (7.3±0.12) and myricetin (2.7±0.14 µg/mg DE) while IPA-EA and IPA-M yielded maximum caffeic acid (4.05±0.22 and 1.92±0.17 µg/mg DE, respectively) in HPLC-DAD analysis. Extracts enhanced sexual excitement, improved semen quality, levels of testosterone, FSH, LH, and estradiol, and successfully attenuated toxic effects of BPA. Levels of endogenous antioxidant enzymes (CAT, SOD, POD, and GSH) were restored and NO abundance was minimized. Significant stimulation in sexual behavior, amelioration of toxicity symptoms, elevated spermatic production, raised viability, vitalized levels of gonadal hormones, maintained endogenous enzymes, genoprotection, and reformed testicular histology endorsed I. batatas as a better aphrodisiac alternative and gonadoprotective agent.


Assuntos
Afrodisíacos/farmacologia , Compostos Benzidrílicos/efeitos adversos , Ipomoea batatas/química , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Fenóis/efeitos adversos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Comportamento Animal , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Flavonoides/química , Hormônios Gonadais , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Paquistão , Fenóis/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Tubérculos/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Análise do Sêmen , Comportamento Sexual Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Testículo/patologia
5.
Neurosciences (Riyadh) ; 24(2): 137-142, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056546

RESUMO

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common neuropathy of median nerve causing decreased physical and work performance. Herein, a 37-year-old male manual worker diagnosed with severe CTS exhibited severe pain with frequent awakening from night sleep to put hands in ice. Patients consent and ethical guidelines were carried out. As a novel approach, Al-hijamah was performed to both hands at the anterior and posterior carpal regions (using scarification safety technique) and at the back region. Immediately after Al-hijamah, a dramatic decrease in pain, numbness and parathesia occurred. Nerve conduction velocity and electromyography carried out few days after Al-hijamah confirmed improved voluntary motor unit morphologies in both hands. The severe degree of bilateral CTS improved electrophysiologically to be moderate. Scheduled surgical intervention was cancelled. This did better than a German report treating CTS using traditional Chinese wet cupping therapy at the trapezius muscle without applying sucking cups at the carpal region.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/terapia , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Adulto , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/fisiopatologia , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Condução Nervosa , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 236: 196-204, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30844488

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hopea ponga (Dennst.) Mabb. Is used in traditional herbal formulations for diabetes complications. The aim of this study is to evaluate the antidiabetic effect of extracts and compounds from H. ponga. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Silica gel column chromatography was performed to identify various chemical components of the plant extract. Different extracts of H. ponga and isolated compounds were screened for their antidiabetic effect by modulation of digestive enzymes and protein glycation. The effect of glucose uptake by the compounds and the pathways through which the compounds mediate the glucose uptake potential were confirmed by fluorescent microscopy, flow cytometry and western blot analysis. RESULTS: Acetone and ethanol extracts of the stem bark of Hopea ponga (Dennst.) Mabb. Afforded six resveratrol oligomers namely, E-resveratrol (1), (-)-ε-viniferin (2), (-)-α-viniferin (3), trihydroxyphenanthrene glucoside (THPG) (4), vaticaphenol A (5), (-)-hopeaphenol (6), along with four phytosterols. The structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analyses including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) data. Compounds 1-5 and 7-10 were tested for their α-glucosidase, α-amylase and glycation inhibitiory activities. All the resveratrol oligomers (1-5) showed prominent α-glucosidase inhibition with IC50 values, 12.56 ±â€¯1.00, 23.98 ±â€¯1.11, 7.17 ±â€¯1.10, 31.74 ±â€¯0.42 and 16.95 ±â€¯0.39 µM, respectively. Molecular docking studies also supported the observed α-glucosidase inhibition. Compound 3 displayed IC50 values of 4.85 ±â€¯0.06 and 27.10 ±â€¯0.04 µM in α-amylase and glycation inhibitory assays activity. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay revealed that the compounds 3 and 4 were found to be less toxic at a concentration of 100 µM (<10%) and 25 µM (<20%), respectively. The effect of glucose uptake performed by 2-(N-(7-Nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)-2-deoxyglucose (2-NBDG) in L6 myoblast were measured by fluorescent microscopy and flow cytometry. The compounds 3 and 4 showed 2-NBDG uptake of 49.6% and 38.8% respectively. By examining the molecular pathway through which the compounds elicit their glucose uptake potential, it was observed that both the compounds mainly act via AMPK pathway. CONCLUSION: This is the first report on the isolation of compounds from H. ponga. Altogether, the results of this study reveal the antidiabetic effects of H. ponga extracts and isolated compounds promoting traditional use of this plant in the treatment of diabetes.


Assuntos
Dipterocarpaceae/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Acetona/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Etanol/química , Glicosilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/isolamento & purificação , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Mioblastos , Casca de Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Caules de Planta/química , Ratos , Resveratrol/química , Resveratrol/isolamento & purificação , Testes de Toxicidade , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores , alfa-Amilases/química , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo , alfa-Glucosidases/química , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 236: 250-257, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849504

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leaves of Croton linearis, known as "rosemary", are widely used in folk medicine in Caribbean countries to treat fever and colds (associated to infections). AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of extracts and fractions derived from C. linearis leaves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bioassay-guided fractionation and isolation of compounds from an ethanolic extract of C. linearis, using flash chromatography and semi-preparative HPLC-DAD-MS (High Performance Liquid Chromatography - Diode Array Detection - Mass Spectrometry). Isolated compounds were characterized by MS, 1D- and 2D-NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) spectroscopy. The microdilution method with resazurin, as well as direct counting with an optical microscope, were used to determine the in vitro antimicrobial activity against bacteria, fungi and parasites. Moreover, the cytotoxicity on human fetal lung fibroblasts (MRC-5) was evaluated. RESULTS: The total extract and chloroform fraction (ClF) showed high activity against protozoa with IC50 values ranging from 1 to 26 µg/mL, but also cytotoxicity on MRC-5 and PMM (Peritoneal Murine Macrophages). Seven compounds were isolated and characterized for first time in this species: the alkaloids laudanidine, laudanosine, reticuline, corydine, glaucine and cularine and the flavonoid glycoside isorhamnetin-3-O-(6″O-p-trans-coumaroyl)-ß-glucopyranoside. Reticuline showed a weak activity against L. infantum (IC50 148.0 ±â€¯1.2 µM), while the flavonoid was active against T. cruzi (IC50 35.6 ±â€¯2.3 µM). CONCLUSIONS: The results show the antiprotozoal potential of the extract and some isolated constituents, which supports the use of this species in Caribbean folk medicine.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Croton/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Infecções por Protozoários/tratamento farmacológico , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antiprotozoários/isolamento & purificação , Antiprotozoários/uso terapêutico , Região do Caribe , Linhagem Celular , Clorofórmio/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Leishmania infantum/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos , Espectrometria de Massas , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Testes de Sensibilidade Parasitária , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Folhas de Planta/química , Trypanosoma cruzi/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 236: 240-249, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853647

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cotoneaster nummularioides Pojark manna (Shir-e-Khesht) is popular in Persian medicine. Different effects of some Cotoneaster species manna include antibacterial, antioxidant, anticancer, and hepatoprotective effects, as well as bilirubin serum levels reduction. Cotoneaster species manna is used in many parts of Iran as a laxative and accelerates the passage of meconium. Neonatal jaundice has relatively costly and sometimes invasive therapeutic interventions, which its prevention from becoming severe cases can be a priority in neonatal medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an herbal product (Purgative Manna, native to Iran and Asian countries) in preventing severe cases of jaundice and reducing total bilirubin levels in neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial included full-term babies. Four hundred and forty-five (445) eligible neonates were assigned to two groups using the block balanced randomization method; 222 neonates received the Purgative Manna product as drops, and 223 neonates received placebo drops. The neonates received a dose of 5 drops per kilogram of neonatal weight (divided into three doses per day) for three days. The treatment period was three days, and a 24-h (three times) examination was performed to measure the initial outcome of the trial (i.e., the total serum bilirubin level). The secondary outcomes of this trial were the need for hospitalization due to jaundice and/or phototherapy from 4 to 14 days after birth, the frequency of defecation within 24 h, and the triple complications of diarrhoea, dehydration symptoms, and abdominal colic. RESULTS: In this study, 220 neonates in the Purgative Manna product group and 222 neonates in the placebo group completed their interventions within the predicted period of the study. At the end of study, the total bilirubin level in the Purgative Manna treated group was significantly lower than that of the placebo group. The difference between the mean total bilirubin levels of the two groups was approximately 2.1 mg/dl on the third day after treatment, with an effect size of 0.79 (95% CI: 0.06-0.98). The relative risk for reducing the need for hospitalization or phototherapy in the group treated with Purgative Manna drops was 0.26, compared with the placebo group. The risk of occurrence of severe jaundice or phototherapy in the Purgative Manna group was 75% lower than that of the placebo group. The median frequency of defecation in the intervention group at three time intervals in the first, second and third days after treatment was 1-2 times more than that of the comparison group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Meanwhile, considering the fact that one in every eight neonates who used the product avoided having a severe and high-risk case of jaundice or the need for phototherapy intervention (even through an exchange transfusion), the use of Purgative Manna drops can be recommended; however, further study is necessary.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Misturas Complexas/administração & dosagem , Icterícia Neonatal/prevenção & controle , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Rosaceae/química , Administração Oral , Cólica/induzido quimicamente , Cólica/epidemiologia , Misturas Complexas/efeitos adversos , Desidratação/induzido quimicamente , Desidratação/epidemiologia , Diarreia/induzido quimicamente , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Irã (Geográfico) , Icterícia Neonatal/sangue , Icterícia Neonatal/terapia , Masculino , Fototerapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Placebos/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Front Biosci (Schol Ed) ; 11: 161-177, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30844742

RESUMO

In the pharmaceutical industry, the expected surge in production of new therapeutic entities promised by technological advances, such as high-throughput screening, synthetic libraries and advances in molecular biology and genomics, has not materialized. The unique structural diversity of natural products continues to provide opportunities to discover novel compounds. Secondary metabolites, active components of natural products such as marine organisms, microbial organisms and terrestrial plants, are particularly exciting untapped resources for exploration as medicines. Sri Lanka is home to around 3700 plant species, half of which are considered as medicinal plants. Seventy per cent of the Sri Lankan population relies on this plant-based traditional medicine system for treating various illnesses such as tumors. As such these medicinal plant sources should be used to conquer terminal diseases and for prevention of diseases. Sri Lankan researchers have found several plant species that possess cytotoxic activity. This review summarizes the current information regarding the Sri Lankan plant materials that possess anticancer properties.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Organismos Aquáticos , Técnicas de Química Combinatória , Descoberta de Drogas , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Fitoterapia , Especificidade da Espécie , Sri Lanka
10.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 111: 1046-1056, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30841418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bothropic venoms cause intense local damage, pain, edema, and myonecrosis. Morus nigra L. (Moraceae) has several uses in folk medicine and can be a promising candidate for the treatment of several inflammatory disorders. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The present study aims to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of the ethanolic extract of Morus nigra L. (Mn-EtOH) on paw lesions induced by Bothrops jararacussu snake venom (BjcuV) in mice. METHODS: UV-vis absorption of BjcuV was evaluated. A phytochemical study was performed, which led to the isolation and characterization of three compounds. These compounds were identified using spectrometric methods, namely LC-MS and NMR (1D and 2D), followed by the validation of their spectra with the data available in the literature. Further, the flavonoids i.e. rutin and quercetin (chemical markers of M. nigra), Mn-EtOH or Mn-EtOH-encapsulated electrospun fibers of Eudragit L100 (FB/Mn-EtOH), and Mn-EtOH-encapsulated microparticles of Eudragit L100 (MP/Mn-EtOH) were evaluated, in paw edema test induced by BjcuV. RESULTS: UV-vis spectra showed the presence of phospholipases A2 as component of BjcuV. The chemical examination resulted in the isolation of ß-sitosterol, quercetin-3-O-glucopyranoside, and kaempferol-3-O-glucopyranoside. Mn-EtOH, FB/Mn-EtOH, MP/Mn-EtOH, rutin, and quercetin reduced the local edema induced by BjcuV. The Mn-EtOH also prevented edema provoked by serotonin and bradykinin. Moreover, it reduced paw edema and peritoneal leukocyte infiltration induced by carrageenan, and decreased the mechanical hypernociception of BjcuV. Mn-EtOH exerted anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects, possibly by the inhibition of leukocyte migration and the modulation of serotonin and bradykinin actions. This anti-inflammatory activity was maintained even upon incorporation of the M. nigra extract into the drug delivery systems (i.e., Mn-EtOH-encapsulated FBs and MPs of Eudragit L100). CONCLUSION: These results reinforce the therapeutic potential of M. nigra in the treatment of inflammatory conditions, in addition to, its role as a complementary treatment of snakebites.


Assuntos
Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Moraceae/química , Morus/química , Nociceptividade/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Venenos de Serpentes/farmacologia , Animais , Bothrops , Carragenina/farmacologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Leucócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Camundongos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química
11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 111: 1112-1123, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30841424

RESUMO

Byrsonima intermedia is a species of bush popularly used to treat gastrointestinal disorders, such as gastric ulcers, gastritis, and diarrhea. Previous studies have revealed that the methanolic crude extract of B. intermedia leaves has gastroprotective and healing properties. In this new study, we specifically investigated two purified partitions, ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and water (AcoAq), obtained from the crude extract to characterize the antiulcer effects of these two partitions and the mechanisms of action of this medicinal plant. The healing effects of these partitions on the gastric and duodenal mucosa were assessed after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) or acetic acid-induced injury. The involvement of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin 10 (IL-10), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and glutathione (GSH) levels were determined. The antibacterial activity against Helicobacter pylori was evaluated using microdilution methods. The phytochemical analysis of AcoAq revealed a predominance of oligomeric proanthocyanidins and galloyl quinic esters, whereas EtOAc was found to contain concentrated flavonoids. Both partitions led to a significant reduction in gastric lesions, but AcoAq was more effective than EtOAc with regard to anti-Helicobacter pylori activity in addition to protecting the gastric mucosa against ethanol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and duodenal mucosal damage induced by cysteamine. Additionally, both partitions were associated with a significant increase in gastric and duodenal healing and increased gastric mucosal GSH content after damage induced by acetic acid. On the other hand, after 6 days of treatment, EtOAc was more effective than AcoAq in ameliorating gastric damage upon initiation of the gastric I/R, which was accompanied by a significant reduction in the activity of gastric mucosal MPO, IL 1-ß and TNF-alpha, as well as an elevation in IL-10 and GSH content. These results demonstrate that the oligomeric proanthocyanidins and galloyl quinic esters present in AcoAq were more effective in the prevention of gastric and duodenal ulcers due to the antioxidant effects of these compounds, whereas the flavonoids present in EtOAc were more effective due to their anti-inflammatory activity on the gastric and duodenal tissue. All these results confirm that the rich phytochemical diversity of B. intermedia contributes to the pharmacological actions of this medicinal plant on the gastrointestinal tract in addition to its activity against H. pylori.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Malpighiaceae/química , Úlcera Péptica/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Gastrite/tratamento farmacológico , Gastrite/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Úlcera Péptica/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Fitoterapia/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 111: 1359-1366, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30841450

RESUMO

Abnormal inflammatory response in the central nervous system plays a critical role in various neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease. Therefore, modulation of abnormal neuroinflammation is thought to be a promising therapeutic strategy for these diseases. Based on this idea, we focused on finding a potential candidate material that would regulate excessive neuroinflammation. Iresine celosia has long been used as a traditional Mexican medicine to treat fever and oral disorders. In the present study, we evaluated the anti-neuroinflammatory effects of Iresine celosia extract (ICE) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV2 microglia cells and mice models. In BV2 microglia cells, ICE markedly inhibited production of nitric oxide and proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß, and interleukin-6 without causing cytotoxicity. ICE also ameliorated translocation of nuclear factor-κB from cytosol to nucleus by LPS. Moreover, ICE attenuated behavioral disturbances by inhibiting activation of microglia and astrocytes in LPS-treated mice. Collectively, these data indicate that ICE is a potential therapeutic agent for treating inflammation-related diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Celosia/química , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 236: 366-392, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30772483

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: There are insufficient safe and effective treatments for chronic pain in pets. In cases such as osteoarthritis there is no commercially available cure and veterinarians use NSAIDs to manage pain. Pet owners may have to plan for a lifetime of plant-based treatment for the conditions that lead to chronic pain in pets. Phytopharmacotherapies have the advantage of being less toxic, cheap or free, readily available, are more likely to be safe for long-term use and have the potential to reset the immune system to normal functioning. AIM OF THE STUDY: To examine the recently published medicinal plant research that matches unpublished data on ethnoveterinary medicines (EVM) used for pets in Canada (British Columbia) to see if the EVM data can provide a lead to the development of necessary drugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2003 semi-structured interviews were conducted with 60 participants who were organic farmers or holisitic medicinal/veterinary practitioners obtained using a purposive sample. A draft manual prepared from the data was then evaluated by participants at a participatory workshop that discussed the plant-based treatments. A copy of the final version of the manual was given to all research participants. In 2018, the recently published research matching the EVM data was reviewed to see if the EVM practices could serve as a lead for further research. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Medicinal plants are used to treat a range of conditions. The injuries treated in pets in British Columbia included abscesses (resulting from an initial injury), sprains and abrasions. Dogs were also treated with medicinal plants for rheumatoid arthritis, joint pain and articular cartilage injuries. More than 40 plants were used. Anal gland problems were treated with Allium sativum L., Aloe vera L., Calendula officinalis L., Plantago major L., Ulmus fulva Michx., Urtica dioica L. and Usnea longissima Ach. Arctium lappa, Hydrangea arborescens and Lactuca muralis were used for rheumatoid arthritis and joint pain in pets. Asthma was treated with: Linum usitatissimum L., Borago officinalis L., Verbascum thapsus L., Cucurbita pepo L., Lobelia inflata L., and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. Pets with heart problems were treated with Crataegus oxyacantha L., Cedronella canariensis (L.) Willd. ex Webb & Berth, Equisetum palustre L., Cypripedium calceolus L., Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex Lawson, Humulus lupulus L., Valeriana officinalis L., Lobelia inflata L., Stachys officinalis (L.) Trev., and Viscum album L. The following plants were used for epilepsy, motion sickness and anxiety- Avena sativa L., Valeriana officinalis, Lactuca muralis (L.) Fresen., Scutellaria lateriflora L., Satureja hortensis L., and Passiflora incarnata L. Plants used for cancer treatment included Phytolacca decandra, Ganoderma lucidum, Lentinula edodes, Rumex acetosella, Arctium lappa, Ulmus fulva, Rheum palmatum, Frangula purshiana, Zingiber officinale, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Ulmus fulva, Althea officinalis, Rheum palmatum, Rumex crispus and Plantago psyllium. Trifolium pratense was used for tumours in the prostate gland. Also used were Artemisia annua, Taraxacum officinale and Rumex crispus. This review of plants used in EVM was possible because phytotherapy research of the plants described in this paper has continued because few new pharmaceutical drugs have been developed for chronic pain and because treatments like glucocorticoid therapy do not heal. Phytotherapuetic products are also being investigated to address the overuse of antibiotics. There have also been recent studies conducted on plant-based functional foods and health supplements for pets, however there are still gaps in the knowledge base for the plants Stillingia sylvatica, Verbascum thapsus, Yucca schidigera and Iris versicolor and these need further investigation.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Animais/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia/métodos , Preparações de Plantas/uso terapêutico , Plantas Medicinais/química , Animais , Animais Domésticos , Animais Selvagens , Colúmbia Britânica , Medicina Tradicional/efeitos adversos , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Medicina Tradicional/tendências , Fitoterapia/efeitos adversos , Fitoterapia/tendências
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 235: 1-7, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30721736

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. It has broad occurrence worldwide, affecting millions of people, and can cause serious complications. The olive (Olea europaea L.) has important pharmacological functions, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and hypoglycemic activities. Olive leaves are used in traditional medicine for diabetes and hypertension. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effect of the ethanolic extract of olive leaves (EEOL) on the metabolism of rats with diabetes induced by a high-fat diet and low dose of streptozotocin (STZ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats were either given normal feed or a high-fat diet (70% standard laboratory feed, 15% sucrose, 10% lard and 5% yolk powder) for four weeks, followed by administration of STZ (35 mg/kg, via ip). Animals with fasting glucose levels above 200 mg/dL were considered diabetic. Animals were divided into 5 groups, which received ethanol (10 mL/kg), metformin (250 mg/kg), or EEOL at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg during 10 weeks by oral gavage. Blood samples were used to measure hematological and biochemical parameters, and kidneys were removed for posterior analysis. Body weight was recorded weekly. RESULTS: A significant decrease in body weight was observed among diabetic animals treated with ethanol and EEOL compared to the control group. Moreover, animals treated with EEOL showed an improvement in glucose levels and in levels of inflammatory and metabolic markers when compared to diabetic animals. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate a potential anti-diabetic activity of olive leaves, however more studies are needed to validate clinical effects.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Olea/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Etanol/química , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Folhas de Planta , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Estreptozocina
15.
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed ; 15(1): 7, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30709360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Because of diverse topographical habitats, the Chenab River wetland harbors a wealth of medicinal and food plant species. This paper presents first quantitative assessment on the ethnobotanical use of plants by the local peoples residing in the Chenab riverine area. METHODS: The ethnobotanical data were collected from six parts of the Chenab River wetland: Mandi Bahuddin, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sargodha, and Sialkot during 2014 to 2015, using semi-structured interviews. Quantitative indices including informant consensus factor (FCI), relative frequency of citation (RFC), relative importance level (RIL), use value (UV), fidelity level (FL), and corrected fidelity level (CFL) were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: On the whole, 129 medicinal plant species belonging to 112 genera of 59 families were reported, with herbs as dominant life forms (51%). Poaceae was the leading family with 13 species, and leaves were the most frequently utilized plant parts (28%). Herbal medicines were mostly used in the form of powder or decoction, and were mainly taken orally. Withania somnifera, Solanum surattense, Solanum nigrum, Azadirachta indica, Ficus benghalensis, Morus nigra, Morus alba, Polygonum plebeium, and Tribulus terrestris were among the highly utilized plant species, with highest UV, RFC, RIL, FL, and CFL values. The reported ailments were grouped into 11 categories based on FCI values, whereas highest FIC was recorded for gastrointestinal diseases and glandular diseases (0.41 and 0.34, respectively). The use report (UR) and frequency of citation (FC) depicted strong positive correlation (r = 0.973; p = 0.01). The value of determination (r2 = 0.95) indicating 95% variation in UR can be explained in terms of the FC. CONCLUSION: The significant traditional knowledge possessed by local communities depicts their strong relation with phytodiversity. Reported data could be helpful in sustainable use and protection of plant species in the Chenab wetland, with special emphasis on medicinal plants. Furthermore, screening of plant-borne active ingredients and in vivo/in vitro pharmacological activities could be of interest for novel drug synthesis.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional , Plantas Medicinais , Adulto , Etnobotânica/métodos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paquistão , Rios , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed ; 15(1): 8, 2019 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30722779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study documents the ethnomedicinal knowledge among the traditional healers of the Pangkhua indigenous community of Bangladesh. The documented data from this area was quantitatively analyzed for the first time. We aimed to record ethnomedicinal information from both the traditional healers and also the elderly men and women of the community, in order to compile and document all available information concerning plant use and preserve it for the coming generations. We aimed to compare how already known species are used compared to elsewhere and particularly to highlight new ethnomedicinal plant species alongside their therapeutic use(s). METHODS: All ethnomedicinal information was collected following established techniques. Open-ended and semi-structured techniques were primarily utilized. Data was analyzed using different quantitative indices. The level of homogeneity between information provided by different informants was calculated using the Informant Consensus Factor. All recorded plant species are presented in tabular format, alongside corresponding ethnomedicinal usage information. RESULTS: This investigation revealed the traditional use of 117 plant species, distributed among 104 genera and belonging to 54 families. There was strong agreement among the informants regarding ethnomedicinal uses of plants, with Factor of Informant Consensus (FIC) values ranging from 0.50 to 0.66, with the highest number of species (49) being used for the treatment of digestive system disorders (FIC 0.66). In contrast, the least agreement (FIC = 0.50) between informants regarding therapeutic uses was observed for plants used to treat urinary disorders. The present study was compared with 43 prior ethnomedicinal studies, conducted both nationally and in neighboring countries, and the results revealed that the Jaccard index (JI) ranged from 1.65 to 33.00. The highest degree of similarity (33.00) was found with another study conducted in Bangladesh, while the lowest degree of similarity (1.65) was found with a study conducted in Pakistan. This study recorded 12 new ethnomedicinal plant species, of which 6 have never been studied pharmacologically to date. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the Pangkhua community still depends substantially on ethnomedicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments and diseases and that several of these plants are used in novel ways or represented their first instances of use for medicinal applications.


Assuntos
Etnobotânica , Plantas Medicinais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bangladesh , Etnobotânica/métodos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed ; 15(1): 10, 2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30744678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The wild plants not only form an integral part of the culture and traditions of the Himalayan tribal communities but also contribute largely to the sustenance of these communities. The tribal people use large varieties of wild fruits, vegetables, fodder, medicinal plants, etc. for meeting their day-to-day requirements. The present study was conducted in Churah subdivision of district Chamba where large populations of Muslim Gujjars inhabit various remote villages. These tribal people are semi-pastoralists, and they seasonally (early summers) migrate to the upper altitudes (Adhwari's) along with their cattle and return to permanent settlements before the onset of winters. A major source of subsistence of these tribal people is on natural resources to a wide extent, and thus, they have wide ethnobotanical knowledge. Therefore, the current study was aimed to report the ethnobotanical knowledge of plants among the Gujjar tribe in Churah subdivision of district Chamba, Himachal Pradesh. METHODS: Extensive field surveys were conducted in 15 remote villages dominant in Gujjar population from June 2016 to September 2017. The Gujjars of the area having ethnobotanical knowledge of the plants were interrogated especially during their stay at the higher altitudes (Adhwari's) through well-structured questionnaires, interviews, and group meetings. The data generated was examined using quantitative tools such as use value, fidelity, and informant consensus factor (Fic). RESULTS: This study reveals 83 plants belonging to 75 genera and 49 families that were observed to have ethnobotanical uses. Plants were listed in five categories as per their use by the Gujjars, i.e. food plants, fruit plants, fodder plants, household, and ethnomedicinal plants. The leaves, fruits, and roots were the most commonly used plant parts in the various preparations. The highest number of plants was recorded from the family Rosaceae followed by Polygonaceae and Betulaceae. On the basis of use value (UV), the most important plants in the study area were Pteridium aquilinum, Juglans regia, Corylus jacquemontii, Urtica dioica, Diplazium maximum, and Angelica glauca. Maximum plant species (32) were reported for ethnomedicinal uses followed by food plants (22 species), household purposes (16 species), edible fruits (15 species), and as fodder plants (14 species). The agreement of the informants conceded the most from the use of various plants used as food plants and fruit plants (Fic = 0.99), followed by fodder plants and household uses (Fic = 0.98) while it was least for the use of plants in ethnomedicine (Fic = 0.97). The fidelity value varied from 8 to 100% in all the use categories. Phytolacca acinosa (100%), Stellaria media (100%), and Urtica dioica (100%) were among the species with high fidelity level used as food plants, while the important species used as fruit plants in the study area were Berberis lycium (100%), Prunus armeniaca (100%), and Rubus ellipticus (100%). Some important fodder plants with high fidelity values (100%) were Acer caesium, Aesculus indica, Ailanthus altissima, and Quercus semecarpifolia. The comparison of age interval with the number of plant use revealed the obvious transfer of traditional knowledge among the younger generation, but it was mostly concentrated in the informants within the age group of 60-79 years. CONCLUSIONS: Value addition and product development of wild fruit plants can provide an alternate source of livelihood for the rural people. The identification of the active components of the plants used by the people may provide some useful leads for the development of new drugs which can help in the well-being of mankind. Thus, bioprospection, phytochemical profiling, and evaluation of economically viable products can lead to the optimum harnessing of Himalayan bioresources in this region.


Assuntos
Grupos Étnicos , Etnobotânica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Altitude , Cultura , Etnobotânica/métodos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Índia , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plantas Comestíveis , Plantas Medicinais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Migrantes , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 235: 293-300, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30763694

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae) has been used as a traditional therapeutic for skin wounds, burns, cuts and stomach ailments including stomach ache, ulcers for a long time in many societies. Although many studies about its antibacterial properties can be found, there is a lack of studies about its quorum sensing inhibition properties, which effects bacterial vulnerability directly, on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluation of anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS) and anti-biofilm activity of ethanol, methanol, acetone and ultra-sonicated extracts of Hypericum perforatum L. (HP) which is a well-known wound healer, against P. aeruginosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aerial parts of HP were extracted with ethanol, methanol and acetone. In addition, separate extractions with ultrasonication were carried out with same solvents. Anti-QS activity tests with different doses of HP extracts were performed by employing biomonitor strains, of which the promoter of QS regulating and green fluorescent protein (GFP) genes were fusioned. For anti-biofilm activity, HP extracts were applied to wild type PAO1 strains and biofilm inhibition was quantified via crystal violet staining method. RESULTS: HP's ethanol, methanol and acetone extracts (250 µg/ml doses) inhibited LasIR signalling pathway up to 65.43%, 59.60%, 55.95% and same solvent extracts obtained with ultrasonication inhibited 71.33%, 64.47%, 57.35% respectively. Moreover, inhibition rates of RhlIR pathway were 28.80%, 50.83%, 45.84% for ethanol, methanol, acetone extracts (250 µg/ml doses) and 51.43%, 57.41%, 50.02% for ultrasonication extracts (250 µg/ml doses), compared to untreated controls. In the experiments, ethanol, methanol, acetone and ultra-sonicated extracts of HP did not inhibit biofilm formation. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that HP plant is capable for blocking of las and rhl QS systems of P. aeruginosa. However, it was observed that ethanol, methanol and acetone extract of the plant samples did not show anti-biofilm activity against P. aeruginosa. This led us to thinking that biofilm formation was caused via another pathway such as IQS or PQS. Further studies with isolated active compounds of HP might give a better understanding of the effects on biofilm formation of P. aeruginosa.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Hypericum/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Componentes Aéreos da Planta , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Percepção de Quorum/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 235: 248-254, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30769038

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aleurites moluccana is used in folk medicine to treat pain, fever, asthma, hepatitis, gastric ulcer and inflammatory process in general, and the nut oil had been topically applied to treat arthritis and other joint pain, however the seeds are classified as toxic for oral use. AIM: Faced with the need for new alternative to treat the symptoms and modify rheumatoid arthritis (RA) the aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of A. moluccanus' leaves dried extract in rats and mice submitted to complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced RA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Wistar Rats and Swiss mice were submitted to CFA-induced RA in the right hindpaw. They received A. moluccanus extract (orally; p.o.), dexamethasone (subcutaneously), 2″-O-rhamnosylswertisin (p.o.) or vehicle (p.o.), from the 14th day after the CFA injection for up to 8 days. The mechanical hypersensitivity was evaluated using the von Frey filaments and the paw-oedema was measured using a plethysmometer. The rats' injected hindpaw was used to perform the histological analysis. RESULTS: A. moluccanus was able to significantly reduce the mechanical hypersensitivity in both ipsi- and contralateral hindpaws of mice injected with CFA, in a dose dependent manner. Furthermore, the paw-oedema was progressively reduced by A. moluccanus. Similar results were obtained for the positive-control drug dexamethasone and the isolated compound 2″-O-rhamnosylswertisin. Besides the effects mentioned above, the extract was also effective to repair the joint damage in CFA-induced RA rats, including reduction of fibrosis, cartilage degradation and bone erosion scores. CONCLUSION: These results together with the literature data reinforce the anti-hypersensitivity and anti-inflammatory activity of A. moluccanus extract. Part of the observed effects is due to the presence of the compound 2″-O-rhamnosylswertisin. The fact that the extract acted as a disease modifier point this herbal product as a promisor and safe tool to treat RA and other associated chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Aleurites/química , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ramnose/análogos & derivados , Animais , Antirreumáticos/isolamento & purificação , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Edema/patologia , Flavonas/isolamento & purificação , Adjuvante de Freund/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Ramnose/isolamento & purificação , Ramnose/farmacologia
20.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 235: 329-360, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30769039

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diabetes and hypertension are pathophysiologically related diseases that co-exist with a wider complex of metabolic diseases having similar set of risk factors. There are numerous ethnopharmacological evidences on the anti-diabetic and/or anti-hypertensive properties of medicinal plants from various parts of the world, which are used as therapies to concomitantly manage diabetes and hypertension. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This article reviewed findings on medicinal plants with both anti-diabetic and anti-hypertensive effects reported in same experimental study to facilitate the development of dual-acting therapies against diabetes and hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was carried out on different scientific search engines including, but not limited to "PubMed", "Google Scholar", "Scopus" and ScienceDirect to identify published data in which plants in same experimental studies were reported to possess both anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hypertensive effects. Subsequently, the anti-diabetic/anti-hypertensive potency ratio (ψ) of the medicinal plants was computed. RESULTS: Sixty-four studies with 102 plant species matched the selection criteria. Members of the Fabaceae family were the most investigated plants, while the ψ greatly varied across the plants, with only 11 plants having a ψ ≃ 1. Withania somnifera Dunal was the only plant reported to show blood glucose-lowering and diuretic effects in humans, comparable to daonil. Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, caftaric acid, cichoric acid, verbascoside, leucosceptoside A, isoacteoside, fucoxanthin and nicotinamide were the reported dual acting anti-diabetic and anti-hypertensive compounds identified and/or isolated in the plants. CONCLUSIONS: This review suggests that medicinal plants possess varied therapeutic dynamics against hypertension and diabetes that could be exploited for the discovery of therapeutic preparation(s) or agent(s) for treating the two diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/isolamento & purificação , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/isolamento & purificação , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Fitoterapia/métodos
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