Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.479
Filtrar
1.
CJEM ; 23(2): 245-248, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709354

RESUMO

With the first case of COVID-19 confirmed in Canada in early 2020, our country joined in the fight against a novel pathogen in a global pandemic. The stress of uncertainty and practice change was most apparent in the emergency department when it came to managing known or suspected COVID-19 patients requiring airway management. Recognizing the need for a coordinated approach, a province wide rapid response distributed model of continuing professional development for airway management was developed utilizing Airway Leads to help prepare front-line medical personnel providing airway management for these patients. Airway Leads worked with local physicians to deliver consistent, high quality airway education across the province during the initial surge of cases. Education included both in person and virtual sessions along with real time ongoing support through provincial guidelines, videos, and other documents. Physician reported "stress level" pre- and post-Airway Lead support declined from a median score of 9 to 7 (on a 10-point Likert Scale).


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Competência Clínica , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Modelos Educacionais , Pandemias , /terapia , Humanos
2.
GMS J Med Educ ; 38(1): Doc22, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33659627

RESUMO

Introduction: The corona virus pandemic rendered most live education this spring term impossible. Many classes were converted into e-learning formats. But not all learning content and outcomes can readily be transferred into digital space. Project outline: Emergency medicine teaching relies on hands-on simulation training. Therefore, we had to devise a catalogue of measures, that would enable us to offer simulation training for Advanced Life Support. Summary of work: Strict hygienic rules including disinfection of hands, wearing personal protective gear at all times and disinfection of equipment were implemented. Group size and number of staff was reduced, introducing fixed student teams accompanied by the same teacher. Only large rooms with good ventilation were used. Under these conditions, we were allowed to carry out core Advanced Life Support simulations. Other content had to be transferred to online platforms. Discussion: Heeding general hygiene advise and using personal protective gear, a central cluster of simulations was carried out. Students and staff adhered to rules without complaint. No infections within faculty or student body were reported. Conclusion: It seems feasible to conduct core simulations under strict hygienic protocol.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Desinfecção/normas , Desinfecção das Mãos/normas , Humanos , Naftoquinonas , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Piranos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(5): e24644, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592916

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is a prompt and simple tool for the urgent diagnosis and treatment of patients in the emergency department (ED). We developed a comprehensive residency-based POCUS training program for ED residents and determined its effect on ultrasound utilization in the ED.We conducted a retrospective cohort study in the ED of a university-affiliated medical center, to evaluate a centralized residency-based POCUS training course for ED residents, which included 12 core ultrasound applications, from July 2017 to June 2018. Each application comprised a combined lecture and hands-on practice session that lasted for 2 hours. Pre-tests and post-tests, including still image and video interpretation, were performed. The use of POCUS (number of ultrasound studies performed divided by the number of patients each resident saw in 1 year) among ED residents, before and after the POCUS training course (July 2016-June 2017 and July 2018-June 2019), was calculated and analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test.Sixteen residents participated and completed the entire training course. The post-test score was significantly better than the pre-test score, by a median of 12 points (P = .04). Utilization of POCUS among the ED residents increased significantly, from 0.15 ultrasound studies per patient per year to 0.41 ultrasound studies per patient per year (P < .01), after completion of the entire training course. Increased POCUS scanning percentages over the cardiac tissue, soft tissue, abdominal region, vascular system, procedural guidance, and ocular regions were also noted after providing the curriculum.Conducting a comprehensive POCUS education program may enhance POCUS utilization among residents in the ED.


Assuntos
Medicina de Emergência/educação , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Internato e Residência/organização & administração , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Ultrassonografia , Competência Clínica , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan
5.
Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed ; 116(Suppl 1): 1-45, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427907

RESUMO

Medical intensive care medicine treats patients with severe, potentially life-threatening diseases covering the complete spectrum of internal medicine. The qualification in medical intensive care medicine requires a broad spectrum of knowledge and skills in medical intensive care medicine, but also in the general field of internal medicine. Both sides of the coin must be taken into account, the treatment with life-sustaining strategies of the acute illness of the patient and also the treatment of patient's underlying chronic diseases. The indispensable foundation of medical intensive care medicine as described in this curriculum includes basic knowledge and skills (level of competence I-III) as well as of behavior and attitudes. This curriculum is primarily dedicated to the internist in advanced training in medical intensive care medicine. However, this curriculum also intends to reach trainers in intensive care medicine and also the German physician chambers with their examiners, showing them which knowledge, skills as well as behavior and attitudes should be taught to trainees according to the education criteria of the German Society of Medical Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (DGIIN).


Assuntos
Medicina de Emergência , Cuidados Críticos , Currículo , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Humanos , Medicina Interna
6.
Am J Emerg Med ; 41: 46-50, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of cardiac arrest patients receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an essential aspect of emergency medicine (EM) training. At our institution, we have a 1-month Resuscitation Rotation designed to augment resident training in managing critical patients. The objective of this study is to compare 30-day mortality between cardiac arrest patients with resuscitation resident (RR) involvement versus patients without. Our secondary outcome is to determine if RR involvement altered rates of initiating targeted temperature management (TTM). METHODS: This study was conducted at a single site tertiary care Level-1 trauma center with an Emergency Department (ED) census of nearly 130,000 visits per year. Data was collected from 01/01/2015 to 01/01/2018 using electronic medical records via query. Patients admitted with cardiac arrest were separated into two groups, one with RR involvement and one without. Initial rhythm of ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia (VFIB/VTACH), 30-day mortality, history of coronary artery disease (CAD), and initiation of TTM were compared. Statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: Out of 885 patient encounters, 91 (10.28%) had RR participation. There was no statistical difference in 30-day mortality between patients with RR involvement compared to those without (71.42% vs 66.36%; P = 0.3613). However, TTM was initiated more in the RR group (20.70% vs 8.86%; P = 0.0025). Patients who received TTM also had a lower 30-day mortality compared to those without TTM (52.94% vs 70.87%; P = 0.0020). Patients who were older and had no history of CAD were also noted to have a statistically significant higher 30-day mortality. All other variables were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Resuscitation resident involvement with the care of cardiac arrest patients had no impact in 30-day mortality. However, the involvement of RR was associated with a statistically significant increase in the initiation of TTM. One limitation is that RR participated in 10.28% of the cases analyzed herein, thus the two arms are unbalanced in size. Future work may investigate if the increase in TTM in the RR involved cases may portend improved rates of neurologically intact survival or more rapid achievement of goal temperatures.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Internato e Residência , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotermia Induzida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 32(6): 403-408, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197992

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Investigar la presencia del cuerpo doctrinal de la Medicina de Urgencias y Emergencias (MUE) en el examen de acceso a médico interno residente (MIR) en España y su evolución en el tiempo. MÉTODO: Estudio longitudinal retrospectivo. Tres investigadores revisaron independientemente las preguntas de los exámenes MIR de los últimos 10 años (2010-2019) y las clasificaron por acuerdo mayoritario como directamente, indirectamente o no relacionadas con la MUE. La temática de las preguntas directamente relacionadas con la MUE se clasificó según el índice del libro de texto de MUE de Tintinalli y según la clasificación de las áreas de la base Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) de la Web of Science. La evolución temporal de la presencia y la temática de la MUE se analizó mediante regresión lineal simple. RESULTADOS: Se revisaron 2.300 preguntas: 487 (22%) estaban directamente relacionadas con la MUE (313 citaban específicamente el escenario de urgencias o emergencias). La presencia de preguntas directamente relacionadas con la MUE se mantuvo constante entre 2010-2019 (p = 0,172). Siguiendo la clasificación de Tintinalli, las temáticas más frecuentes de estas preguntas fueron urgencias cardiovasculares (12,2%), infecciosas (11,1%) y gastrointestinales (10,9%), sin cambios significativos entre 2010-2019, mientras que siguiendo la clasificación del SCIE, estas temáticas fueron urgencias (11,9%, que aumentó significativamente durante el periodo, p = 0,005), cardiovascular (11,3%, que descendió, p = 0,037) y enfermedades infecciosas (10,7%, sin cambios durante el periodo). CONCLUSIÓN: La MUE, a pesar de no estar reconocida como una especialidad formativa por la vía MIR, tiene una elevada relevancia para la administración sanitaria a la hora de seleccionar a los MIR, que inician su formación especializada en el sistema público de salud, a juzgar por su elevada presencia en el examen anual al que se somete a los candidatos


OBJETIVE: To investigate the presence of fundamental concepts in emergency medicine on the entrance examination taken by candidates for medical internships and residency training in Spain, and to identify changes over time. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective study. Three independent researchers reviewed questions on the entrance examinations of the past 10 years (2010-2019) and classified them as directly, indirectly, or not related to emergency medicine. The topics of directly related questions were also classified according to the categories listed in Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine and subject areas in the Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) of the Web of Science. Changes in the number of questions and range of topics were analyzed with simple linear regression models. RESULTS: A total of 2300 questions were reviewed; 487 (22%) were directly related to emergency medicine, and 313 of them specifically referred to an emergency or urgent care setting. The proportion of directly related questions held steady over the 10-year period (P=.172). The most frequently mentioned categories listed by Tintinalli were cardiovascular (12.2%), infectious (11.1%), and gastrointestinal (10.9%) emergencies, and no significant differences were noted over time. However, proportions assigned to the SCIE categories did change over time, as follows. Questions about emergency care in general (11.9% during the period overall) increased significantly with time(P=.005) whereas cardiovascular questions (11.3%) decreased (P=.037). The proportion of infectious disease topics remained the same (10.7%). CONCLUSION: Even though emergency medicine is not a recognized specialty for medical residency training in the public health system, questions on emergencies are considered important for evaluating candidates, judging by the high percentage of questions on the examinations


Assuntos
Humanos , Desempenho Acadêmico/normas , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/normas , Critérios de Admissão Escolar , Medicina de Emergência/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Modelos Lineares , Competência Clínica
12.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 348, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has engendered difficulties for health systems globally; however, the effect of the pandemic on emergency medicine (EM) residency training programs is unknown. The pandemic has caused reduced volumes of emergency department (ED) patients, except for those with COVID-19 infections, and this may reduce the case exposure of EM residents. The primary objective of this study was to compare the clinical exposure of EM residents between the prepandemic and pandemic periods. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of EM resident physicians' training in a tertiary teaching hospital with two branch regional hospitals in Taiwan. We retrieved data regarding patients seen by EM residents in the ED between September 1, 2019, and April 30, 2020. The first confirmed COVID-19 case in Taiwan was reported on January 11, so the pandemic period in our study was defined as spanning from February 1, 2020, to April 30, 2020. The number and characteristics of patients seen by residents were recorded. We compared the data between the prepandemic and pandemic periods. RESULTS: The mean number of patients per hour (PPH) seen by EM residents in the adult ED decreased in all three hospitals during the pandemic. The average PPH of critical area of medical ED was 1.68 in the pre-epidemic period and decreased to 1.33 in the epidemic period (p value < 0.001). The average number of patients managed by residents decreased from 1.24 to 0.82 in the trauma ED (p value = 0.01) and 1.56 to 0.51 in the pediatric ED (p value = 0.003) during the pandemic, respectively. The severity of patient illness did not change significantly between the periods. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic engendered a reduced ED volume and decreased EM residents' clinical exposure. All portion of EM residency training were affected by the pandemic, with pediatric EM being the most affected. The patient volume reduction may persist and in turn reduce patients' case exposure until the pandemic subsides. Adjustment of the training programs may be necessary and ancillary methods of learning should be used to ensure adequate EM residency training.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Internato e Residência , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan
13.
Tex Med ; 116(7): 42-45, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872701

RESUMO

The need for improved training on hemorrhage control in emergencies has been building for decades. Physicians say it's just as important to reach out to the community to promote hemorrhage control in the same way CPR and other life-saving methods are promoted.


Assuntos
Educação Médica Continuada , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Hemorragia/terapia , Médicos , Torniquetes , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos
14.
West J Emerg Med ; 21(5): 1105-1113, 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970562

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has had a significant impact on undergraduate medical education with limitation of patient care activities and disruption to medical licensing examinations. In an effort to promote both safety and equity, the emergency medicine (EM) community has recommended no away rotations for EM applicants and entirely virtual interviews during this year's residency application cycle. These changes affect the components of the EM residency application most highly regarded by program directors - Standardized Letters of Evaluation from EM rotations, board scores, and interactions during the interview. The Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine Application Process Improvement Committee suggests solutions not only for the upcoming year but also to address longstanding difficulties within the process, encouraging residency programs to leverage these challenges as an opportunity for disruptive innovation.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Internato e Residência/métodos , Inovação Organizacional , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Critérios de Admissão Escolar/tendências , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Comunicação por Videoconferência/organização & administração , Comunicação por Videoconferência/tendências
18.
Glob Health Action ; 13(1): 1797296, 2020 12 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757713

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has overwhelmed many health systems globally. Innovative initiatives are needed to combat the pandemic and scaleup response efforts. This communication describes a collaborative partnership between an international humanitarian organization and an academic university to develop and rapidly deploy a remote digital COVID-19 trainer-of-trainers (TOT) program to enhance global response. The ongoing program has resulted in more than 900 TOT personnel who have themselves trained over 22,000 frontline response providers from 21 different countries and territories. The developed and implemented COVID-19 digital training program is a key example of how academic-humanitarian partnerships can be leveraged to strengthen healthcare training and response capacity during pandemics.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Educação/organização & administração , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública/educação , Altruísmo , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Saúde Global , Humanos , Pandemias , Universidades
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...