Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 41
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Med Mal Infect ; 49(4): 257-263, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Travelers may be responsible for the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases upon return. Travel physicians and family physicians may play a role in checking and updating vaccinations before traveling. Our aim was to evaluate the vaccine coverage for mandatory and recommended vaccination in travelers attending a travel medicine clinic (TMC). METHODS: Vaccine coverage was measured using the current French immunization schedule as reference for correct immunization, in travelers providing a vaccination certificate during the TMC visit (university hospital of Saint-Étienne), between August 1, 2013 and July 31, 2014. RESULTS: In total, 2336 travelers came to the TMC during the study period. Among the 2019 study participants, only 1216 (60.3%) provided a vaccination certificate. Travelers who provided a vaccination certificate were significantly younger than travelers who did not (mean age: 34.8±17.8 vs. 46±18.4 years, P<0.005) and were less likely to be Hajj pilgrims. Vaccine coverage against Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Poliomyelitis (Td/IPV vaccine) was 91.8%, 78.6% against Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR), and 59.4% against Viral Hepatitis B (HBV). BCG vaccine coverage was 71.9%. Older travelers were less likely to be correctly vaccinated, except against HBV as vaccinated travelers were significantly older than unvaccinated travelers. CONCLUSION: Obtaining information about immunization in travelers is difficult. Coverage for routine vaccines should be improved in this population. Travel medicine consultations could be the opportunity to vaccinate against MMR, HBV, and Td/IPV.


Assuntos
Melhoria de Qualidade , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Medicina de Viagem , Cobertura Vacinal , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Certificação , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Masculino , Registros Médicos/normas , Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Encaminhamento e Consulta/normas , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina de Viagem/métodos , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Medicina de Viagem/normas , Medicina de Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Cobertura Vacinal/organização & administração , Cobertura Vacinal/normas , Cobertura Vacinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Infect Chemother ; 24(12): 1024-1025, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30037756

RESUMO

In recent years, both the number of Japanese travelers to foreign countries and foreign travelers who visit Japan have increased remarkably, and the risk of travelers suffering various infectious diseases is also increasing. In many western countries travel clinics commonly perform medical consultations, vaccinations, and issue prescriptions. However, travel clinics are not yet popular in Japan. In 2011, Japanese society of travel and health (JSTH) began a support project for travel clinic with a goal of increasing their number throughout the country. The project included the release of a manual for education, training, equipment, details of medical treatment, sources of information for travel clinic opening on the JSTH website (http://jstah.umin.jp/20TravelClinicSupport/manual_20120726.pdf), and mediation of short-term visitation to experienced travel clinics registered in the JSTH to facilitate learning above information and aftercare services. JSTH accepted requests for visitation to travel clinics from 39 medical institutions between 2011 and 2018. By 2018, 26 (66.7%) of the 39 medical institutions had opened travel clinics within two years and the 25 travel clinics had registered in the JSTH and one was a campus-limited clinic, while most of the remaining institutions are still in preparation stages. The number of travel clinics registered in the JSTH has increased from 45 in 2011 to 108 in 2018. Twenty-five travel clinics registered in the JSTH between 2011 and 2018 were eventually receiving support from JSTH. Our data indicates travel clinics in Japan have gradually increased and establishment areas are expanding after the beginning of support project for travel clinics by JSTH.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/prevenção & controle , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Doença Relacionada a Viagens , Viagem , Vacinação , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/etnologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/transmissão , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Japão , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição/organização & administração
3.
J Travel Med ; 25(1)2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29846640

RESUMO

Canadians are increasingly travelling to areas that would necessitate a pre-travel consultation. Changes in professional regulations in Canada allow greater autonomy of nurses and pharmacists, resulting in shifts in provision of travel health services. We surveyed 824 Canadian travel clinics, 270 (33%) of whom responded. Private clinics were most common, and more likely to offer extended hours and drop-in appointments. In one province, pharmacies dominated. Half the services were relatively new and a similar proportion saw fewer than 10 patients weekly; 1/3 had a single provider. The increased spectrum of services may increase convenience for travellers but the large proportion seeing low numbers of clients will challenge providers to maintain competence.


Assuntos
Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Canadá , Humanos , Medicina de Viagem/economia , Doença Relacionada a Viagens , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Febre Amarela/prevenção & controle
4.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-171416

RESUMO

In a global world, knowledge of imported infectious diseases is essential in daily practice, both for the microbiologist-parasitologist and the clinician who diagnoses and treats infectious diseases in returned travelers. Tropical and subtropical countries where there is a greater risk of contracting an infectious disease are among the most frequently visited tourist destinations. The SEIMC considers it appropriate to produce a consensus document that will be useful to primary care physicians as well as specialists in internal medicine, infectious diseases and tropical medicine who help treat travelers returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas with infections. Preventive aspects of infectious diseases and infections imported by immigrants are explicitly excluded here, since they have been dealt with in other SEIMC documents. Various types of professionals (clinicians, microbiologists, and parasitologists) have helped produce this consensus document by evaluating the available evidence-based data in order to propose a series of key facts about individual aspects of the topic. The first section of the document is a summary of some of the general aspects concerning the general assessment of travelers who return home with potential infections. The main second section contains the key facts (causative agents, diagnostic procedures and therapeutic measures) associated with the major infectious syndromes affecting returned travelers [gastrointestinal syndrome (acute or persistent diarrhea); febrile syndrome with no obvious source of infection; localized cutaneous lesions; and respiratory infections]. Finally, the characteristics of special traveler subtypes, such as pregnant women and immunocompromised travelers, are described (AU)


En el mundo global, el conocimiento de las enfermedades infecciosas importadas es esencial en la práctica diaria, tanto para el microbiólogo-parasitólogo como para el clínico en enfermedades infecciosas que atiende a viajeros internacionales. Entre los destinos turísticos más visitados se encuentran muchos países tropicales o subtropicales, donde el riesgo de contraer una enfermedad infecciosa es más elevado. La SEIMC ha considerado pertinente la elaboración de un documento de consenso que sirva de ayuda tanto a médicos de Atención Primaria como a especialistas en Medicina Interna, Enfermedades Infecciosas y Medicina Tropical que atienden a viajeros que regresan con infecciones tras un viaje a zonas tropicales y subtropicales. Se han excluido de forma explícita los aspectos de prevención de estas y las infecciones importadas por inmigrantes, objeto de otros documentos de la SEIMC. Varios tipos de profesionales (clínicos, microbiólogos y parasitólogos) han desarrollado este documento de consenso tras evaluar los datos disponibles basados en la evidencia para proponer una serie de datos clave acerca de este aspecto. Inicialmente se revisan los aspectos generales acerca de la evaluación general del viajero que regresa con una potencial infección. En un segundo bloque se señalan los datos clave (agentes causales, procedimientos diagnósticos y medidas terapéuticas) de los síndromes infecciosos principales en el viajero que regresa (síndrome gastrointestinal (diarrea aguda o persistente), síndrome febril sin foco aparente, lesiones cutáneas localizadas e infecciones respiratorias). Finalmente se describen las características en viajeros especiales como la viajera embarazada y el viajero inmunodeprimido (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/microbiologia , Consenso , Eosinofilia/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Microbiologia , Microbiologia/organização & administração , Saúde do Viajante , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração
5.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 150(6): 233-239, mar. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-171547

RESUMO

El número de viajeros internacionales bajo inmunodepresión farmacológica (IDF) ha aumentado debido a la mejor expectativa y calidad de vida que proporcionan estas terapias. La complejidad de la asesoría previaje en estos pacientes radica en su mayor susceptibilidad y gravedad ante determinadas infecciones relacionadas con el viaje, así como en las contraindicaciones e interacciones de determinadas vacunas y/o profilaxis con sus terapias de base. El consejo al viajero representa un reto para el clínico, que tiene que adaptar las vacunas y otras medidas preventivas a los pacientes inmunodeprimidos. Por ello, la valoración previa al viaje en pacientes con IDF debe realizarse en una unidad de medicina del viajero, de forma coordinada con el médico especialista que maneja su enfermedad de base. El objetivo de este artículo es revisar la evidencia disponible sobre las recomendaciones sanitarias indicadas en viajeros bajo tratamiento inmunosupresor en relación con la aplicación de vacunas, quimioprofilaxis antimalárica y otras medidas de prevención de enfermedades transmisibles (AU)


There is an increasing number of international travelers receiving immunosuppressive therapy due to the better life expectation and quality offered by this kind of treatment. The complexity of pre-travel counseling in these patients lies in their greater susceptibility to certain travel-related infections and the potential severity of these, as well as in the contraindications and interactions that may occur between certain vaccines and/or prophylaxis and their base therapy. Counseling the traveler represents a challenge for clinicians who have to tailor vaccinations and other recommended preventive measures to the immunosuppressed patients. Thus, pre-travel assessment of patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy should be performed in a specialized Traveler's Medical Unit, working closely with the specialist doctor in charge of treating the patient's underlying medical condition. The purpose of this article is to review available evidence on the health recommendations indicated in the pre-travel administration of vaccines, antimalarial chemoprophylaxis and other measures to prevent communicable diseases in travelers receiving immunosuppressive therapy (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Qualidade de Vida , Vacinas/imunologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido/imunologia , Saúde do Viajante , Doenças Transmissíveis/imunologia , Programas de Imunização/tendências , Hepatite A/imunologia , Encefalite Japonesa/imunologia , Raiva/imunologia , Poliomielite/imunologia , Hepatite B/imunologia , Cólera/imunologia , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/uso terapêutico
6.
J Travel Med ; 24(5)2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28931133

RESUMO

Background: Recommendations for improving traveler adherence address both the content of the advice given and the structure of the consultation. The objective of this article is to describe how travel health consultations are structured in France. Methods: A questionnaire based on both theoretical foundations and recommendations in the literature was sent to health professionals who practice in travel clinics, all of them members of France's Société de Médecine des Voyages. Results: The response rate was 78.5% (176/224). One hundred thirty nine respondents (78.9%) reported that treatment (vaccinations, in particular) and advising were done at separate times in the consultation. The majority of respondents questioned the traveler on his wishes, difficulties, expectations, experiences, and previous knowledge. A third explored the traveler's perceptions regarding the seriousness of diseases, the effectiveness of prevention measures and the latter's adverse effects with a difference when health professionals were practicing >5 years and/or had received specific training ( P < 0.05). At the end of the consultation, 92% of the respondents asked the traveler whether he understood the advice given. One hundred thirty seven respondents (77.8%) gave travelers a booklet with additional advice, and 66.5% gave them a website where they could find health advice on their destination. Travelers were almost never offered group consultations or the opportunity to work on real-life situations. When there were language barriers, the respondents were more likely to seek help from a French-speaking member of the traveler's entourage (48.9%) than from an interpreter (22.7%). Conclusions: While the majority of practitioners follow most of the recommendations regarding the structure of travel health consultations, some of the factors that enhance traveler learning are underutilized, reducing the likelihood that travelers will apply the advice given. The study illustrates the need to develop more educational intervention methods and to evaluate their impact on travelers.


Assuntos
Padrões de Prática Médica , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Viagem , Idoso , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação
7.
Rev Med Suisse ; 13(561): 934-937, 2017 May 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28627850

RESUMO

As more and more quality of life becomes a goal of personnel and sustainable development, long-distance travel is becoming more widespread. Sailing around the world is an example of this evolution. The keys to a successful journey are rigorous preparation and adherence to some prevention rules. Medical or surgical emergencies are rare, and can often be dealt with by remote medical contact. New communication technologies such as satellite phones make it possible to seek medical advice from professionals, or even for sailers to treat themselves with very short prior training, provided that the required equipment and medicines have been embarked before leaving. Sophisticated rescue can also be organized. These technological innovations have changed the security and lives of sailors and explorers in remote areas of the world.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Navios , Medicina de Viagem , Emergências , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Medicina Preventiva/métodos , Medicina Preventiva/organização & administração , Viagem , Medicina de Viagem/métodos , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Medicina de Viagem/normas
8.
Rev Med Suisse ; 13(561): 938-943, 2017 May 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28627851

RESUMO

Zika virus suddenly emerged in Latin America in 2015­2016. Congenital malformations have been observed in infected pregnant women, causing a major public health impact in affected countries, particularly in Brazil. In addition, sexual transmission of Zika virus has been well documented. This led to the development of prevention strategies and recommendations for travellers visiting at risk countries. These documents are regularly amended depending on the evolution of scientific knowledge, the epidemiologic trends and the national and international guidelines. Through practical cases, we present here the guidelines developed by the Geneva University Hospitals.


Assuntos
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Medicina de Viagem/normas , Infecção por Zika virus , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/normas , Feminino , Humanos , América Latina , Masculino , Gravidez , Medicina de Viagem/métodos , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Infecção por Zika virus/diagnóstico , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/prevenção & controle , Infecção por Zika virus/terapia
9.
Gac Sanit ; 31(6): 531-534, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28645459

RESUMO

The current outbreak of Zika virus has caused great social alarm, generated in part by the lack of information in the general population. In order to provide accurate and verified information, the Tropical and Travel Medicine Unit of Hospital Carlos III-La Paz (Madrid, Spain) established a hotline for Zika virus infection. We present the data concerning the first 6 months of operation of the telephone hotline. The predominant call profile consisted of women seeking information about the risk of acquiring the disease before travelling. Brazil, Mexico and Colombia were the destinations for which the most information was requested. Most of the consultations were resolved by providing information only. The implementation of call devices that provide confirmed and reliable information on diseases associated with great alarm are of significant public health interest, as they reduce the number of unnecessary medical consultations and save on medical costs.


Assuntos
Linhas Diretas , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Medicina Tropical/organização & administração , Infecção por Zika virus , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , América Latina , Masculino , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo , Doença Relacionada a Viagens , Infecção por Zika virus/prevenção & controle
10.
Rev. clín. med. fam ; 10(2): 136-137, jun. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-164979

RESUMO

Estas historias de la LIBRETA DE VIAJE DEL MÉDICO DE FAMILIA, que forman una biblioteca del médico caminante o viajero emocional, son hojas sueltas en las que se escribe sobre paisajes y emociones; son un atlas de geografía emocional. La evocación de un paisaje ante la asistencia a un paciente -montañas, ríos, valles, playas, mares, desiertos, mesetas, islas, pantanos, cascadas, dunas, bosques, salinas, lagos, etc.-, con las sensaciones sentidas por el médico, de calor, frescor, humedad, dificultad, agobio, serenidad, inmensidad, soledad, etc. No es un diario, sólo una libreta de apuntes con las vivencias del médico sobre los patrones y procesos de la consulta en un cierto caso clínico, que a su vez, puede ilustrar un prototipo de esa clase de casos (AU)


These stories of the THE FAMILY PHYSICIAN’S TRAVEL NOTEBOOK, which form a library of the walking doctor or emotional traveler, are loose-leaf pages with writings about landscapes and emotions; they are an atlas of emotional geography. The evocation of a landscape before attending a patient -mountains, rivers, valleys, beaches, seas, deserts, plateaus, islands, swamps, waterfalls, dunes, forests, salt marshes, lakes, etc.-, with the sensations felt by the doctor -heat, coolness, humidity, hardship, stress, serenity, vastness, loneliness, etc. It is not a diary, only a notebook with the doctor's experiences about the patterns and processes of consultation in a clinical case, which in turn may illustrate a prototype for this type of cases (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Viagem , Saúde do Viajante , Expedições , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina de Viagem/métodos , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Geografia , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/tendências , Glucosamina/uso terapêutico , Medicina de Viagem/história
15.
Rev. clín. med. fam ; 8(2): 145-146, jun. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-140652

RESUMO

Estas historias de la LIBRETA DE VIAJE DEL MÉDICO DE FAMILIA, que forman una biblioteca del médico caminante o viajero emocional, son hojas sueltas en las que se escribe sobre paisajes y emociones; son un atlas de geografía emocional. La evocación de un paisaje ante la asistencia a un paciente –montañas, ríos, valles, playas, mares, desiertos, mesetas, islas, pantanos, cascadas, dunas, bosques, salinas, lagos, etc.-, con las sensaciones sentidas por el médico, de calor, frescor, humedad, dificultad, agobio, serenidad, inmensidad, soledad, etc. No es un diario, solo una libreta de apuntes con las vivencias del médico sobre los patrones y procesos de la consulta en un cierto caso clínico, que a su vez, puede ilustrar un prototipo de esa clase de casos (AU)


These stories of the FAMILY PHYSICIAN’S TRAVEL NOTEBOOK, which form a library of the walking doctor or emotional traveler, are loose sheets with writings about landscapes and emotions; they are an atlas of emotional geography. The evocation of a landscape before attending a patient –mountains, rivers, valleys, beaches, seas, deserts, plateaus, islands, swamps, waterfalls, dunes, forests, salt marshes, lakes, etc.-, with the sensations felt by the doctor -heat, coolness, humidity, hardship, stress, serenity, vastness, loneliness, etc. It is not a diary, only a notebook with the doctor’s experiences about the patterns and processes of consultation in a clinical case, which in turn may illustrate a prototype for this type of cases (AU)


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/organização & administração , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/normas , Saúde do Viajante , Medicina de Viagem/métodos , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Medicina de Viagem/normas , Emoções Manifestas/fisiologia , Medicina de Viagem/instrumentação , Medicina de Viagem
17.
Rev Med Suisse ; 10(429): 1008-13, 2014 May 07.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24908745

RESUMO

Travels, migration and circulation of goods facilitate the emergence of new infectious diseases often unrecognized outside endemic areas. Most of emerging infections are of viral origin. Muscular Sarcocystis infection, an acute illness acquired during short trips to Malaysia, and Chagas disease, a chronic illness with long incubation period found among Latin American migrants, are two very different examples of emerging parasitic diseases. The former requires a preventive approach for travelers going to Malaysia and must be brought forth when they return with fever, myalgia and eosinophilia, while the latter requires a proactive attitude to screen Latin American migrant populations that may face difficulties in accessing care.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/diagnóstico , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/parasitologia , Sarcocistose/diagnóstico , Adulto , Doença de Chagas/diagnóstico , Doença de Chagas/parasitologia , Feminino , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Doenças Musculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculares/parasitologia , Gravidez , Complicações Parasitárias na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Parasitárias na Gravidez/parasitologia , Sarcocistose/parasitologia , Viagem , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA