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1.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(713): 2104-2107, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146959

RESUMO

Gender bias in medicine negatively interfere with the medical care of both men and women, which can lead to risks for patients as well as health inequalities. Unisanté has launched a pilot project to integrate reflexivity by students at the Medical School of the University of Lausanne on the influence of gender in clinical practice, using an electronic portfolio. The clinical vignettes presented and discussed in this article illustrate this reflective work and the main biases and stereotypes encountered: pain management, assessment of the psychosocial context, management of domestic violence, screening for chlamydia infection and discussion of a contraceptive method.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Medicina , Sexismo , Estudantes de Medicina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Faculdades de Medicina , Suíça
2.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161680

RESUMO

In 1920s - late 1980s, active cooperation between the USSR and Mongolia in the field of medicine and health care had been occurred. The Mongolian People's Republic was the first country to which the USSR exported its organization of health care system, using it as a means of geopolitical influence and instrument of the socialist transformation of traditional nomadic society. At the same time, assistance to Mongolia began when the USSR itself had not yet completed the organization of new health care system, including needed medical personnel and resources, receiving assistance from Germany and other European countries. The article discusses the reasons of the Soviet leadership's hasty decision to force assistance to the Mongolian People's Republic in the field of medicine and health care. Two approaches to its implementation are singled out and explained: the evolutionary one, when experienced Soviet doctors were selected and sent to the Mongolian Department of Health care, and the forced one - through organization of expeditions of the People's Commissariat of Health of the RSFSR, which simultaneously studied the medical and sanitary situation in the country and organized medical institutions where the assistance was needed the most.


Assuntos
Medicina , Assistência à Saúde , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Mongólia , Organizações
4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 35(Suppl 2): 143, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193958

RESUMO

Zimbabwe reported its first case of COVID-19 on 20 March 2020, and since then the number has increased to over 4000. To contain the spread of the causative SARS-CoV-2 and prepare the healthcare system, public health interventions, including lockdowns, were imposed on 30 March 2020. These resulted in disruptions in healthcare provision, and movement of people and supply chains. There have been resultant delays in seeking and accessing healthcare by the patients. Additionally, disruption of essential health services in the areas of maternal and child health, sexual and reproductive health services, care for chronic conditions and access to oncological and other specialist services has occurred. Thus, there may be avoidable excess morbidity and mortality from non-COVID-19 causes that is not justifiable by the current local COVID-19 burden. Measures to restore normalcy to essential health services provision as guided by the World Health Organisation and other bodies needs to be considered and implemented urgently, to avoid preventable loss of life and excess morbidity. Adequate infection prevention and control measures must be put in place to ensure continuity of essential services whilst protecting healthcare workers and patients from contracting COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Guias como Assunto , Recursos em Saúde/provisão & distribução , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Medicina , Modelos Teóricos , Mortalidade , Neoplasias/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/provisão & distribução , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Zimbábue/epidemiologia
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3670-3675, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018797

RESUMO

Digital solutions for unilateral spatial neglect (USN) assessment and treatment are nowadays of great interest, because of both the possibility of combining them with other rehabilitation practices, and the easy-to-understand data and indicators they collect. The ReMoVES platform, developed in DITEN laboratories, is conceived in the Assistive Technologies framework and provides motor and cognitive exergames and activities to be performed in conjunction with traditional rehabilitation. In this work, two case-studies, related to the USN rehabilitation, are presented. The combination of cognitive therapy, delivered by the ReMoVES platform, and transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) technique was used as rehabilitation treatment for both the patients. Data collected at the beginning or at the end of the rehabilitation process, or also during the treatment sessions, are shown and discussed in this paper. This work is a preliminary part of a wider one, that will be conducted involving many different rehabilitation centers, aimed at proving the validity of such an approach to USN treatments.


Assuntos
Medicina , Transtornos da Percepção , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua , Humanos
7.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(9): 487-491, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011754

RESUMO

The character of a consent for treatment is not a mere hobby for lawyers; it also has consequences in daily practicein the Netherlands, particularly if it concerns questions of who should prove what in proceedings. In general, consent agreements can be divided into an obligation to achieve results and an obligation to use reasonable endeavours. In oral healthcare, there is usually a question of an obligation to use reasonable endeavours, in which professional standards must play a leading role in the behaviour of the dentist; and here there have been a number of recent developments, such as an increase in the number of (clinical) guidelines and the acceptance of wish fulfilling medicine, under strict conditions. It is concluded that recent developments in the dentist's requirement to provide evidence in proceedings have definitely not made things simpler.


Assuntos
Medicina , Odontólogos , Humanos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido , Países Baixos
8.
Med J Aust ; 213(8): C1-C2, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070340
10.
Wiad Lek ; 73(9 cz. 1): 1840-1843, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33099526

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: According to statistic reports the number of disabled people in the world is still increasing. Nowadays it's estimated that one for six citizens in European Union is disabled. New laws are established to improve the social attitude towards the sick and the disabled. The perception of people with disabilities is widely dominated by their limitations that often take priority. Completely different social attitudes concern artists. They are admired. The aim of the paper is to discuss the extent to which the disabled people can contribute to the culture and to reflect on the importance of art for the rehabilitation process as well as for the social integration of artists with disabilities. CONCLUSION: The conclusion that it implies is, that the art for ages well serves the integration and rehabilitation cause.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Medicina , União Europeia , Humanos
12.
Tex Med ; 116(10): 40-43, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126268

RESUMO

Each election, TEXPAC, the Texas Medical Association's nonpartisan political arm, throws its support behind candidates who have demonstrated their support for a medicine-friendly agenda.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Legislação como Assunto , Medicina , Política , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Humanos , Texas
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(5): e449-e453, oct 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1122507

RESUMO

La medicina contemporánea se caracteriza por una creciente subespecialización, así como por la adquisición de un mayor conocimiento respecto de la interacción entre las distintas estructuras del organismo (biosemiótica) tanto en estado de salud como de enfermedad. Se propone, en este artículo, una nueva conceptualización del organismo basada en la perspectiva de considerarlo conformado por un espacio biológico (células, tejidos y órganos) y un espacio biosemiótico (intercambio de señales entre ellos). Su desarrollo daría lugar a una nueva subespecialidad dedicada al estudio e interferencia de la biosemiótica de la enfermedad (medicina biosemiótica), lo que propiciaría el desarrollo de una medicina de procesos, tendiente al diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano de las enfermedades


Contemporary medicine is characterized by an increasing subspecialization and the acquisition of a greater knowledge about the interaction among the different body structures (biosemiotics), both in health and disease. This article proposes a new conceptualization of the body based on considering it as a biological space (cells, tissues, and organs) and a biosemiotic space (exchange of signs among them). Its development would lead to a new subspecialty focused on the study and interference of disease biosemiotics (biosemiotic medicine), which would trigger a process-based medicine centered on early diagnosis and management of disease.


Assuntos
Humanos , Medicina , Diagnóstico Precoce , Intervenção Médica Precoce
15.
Ceska Slov Farm ; 69(3): 121-129, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972155

RESUMO

Bioactive metal complexes represent a promising and rapidly evolving area of pharmacotherapy. After the first part of our survey on metallopharmaceuticals dealing with antimicrobial activity of metal complexes and their application in diagnostics and the second part dedicated to anticancer properties of these compounds, this third and last part of the review focuses on several other applications of metals in therapy (mainly on the therapy of rheumatoid arthritis, some mental diseases, diabetes, as well as on chelation therapy). Following a brief account of the historical development of clinical use of the respective category of drugs, their chemical properties, toxicity, clinical applications and mechanism of action are discussed. The aim of this brief survey is to provide basic outline of the area of metallopharmacy, aimed at specialists in pharmacy and chemistry as well as at the general educated public.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Medicina/tendências , Farmácia/tendências , Metais/farmacologia
16.
Lancet ; 396(10255): 881-882, 2020 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979967
17.
Adv Mind Body Med ; 34(3): 25-36, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931459

RESUMO

Eden Energy Medicine (EEM) is a hands-on healthcare approach providing assessments and interventions that focus on the body's electromagnetic and more subtle energy systems. More than 1600 certified practitioners have completed an intensive 2-year training program in the method, and these practitioners have brought the approach to hundreds of thousands of people in individual sessions and self-care classes. In this article, the method's founders briefly trace its development and present illustrative case histories. They then address a number of questions that are pertinent for any approach to energy medicine from the perspective of their experiences advancing EEM. Broader acceptance of energy medicine has been impeded by the field's emphasis on energies with purported properties not known in the energies that fall along the electromagnetic spectrum. Such assertions challenge conventional concepts within Western medicine. The anomalies can, however, be explained by a framework that is informed by an understanding of subtle energies as conceived in healing systems from myriad cultures dating back thousands of years. The authors present empirical evidence that supports the validity of the subtle energy concept, propose health-related implications of such energies, and present 9 discrete energy systems emphasized by EEM. They also review the clinical efficacy of energy medicine treatments. Finally, they describe 6 advantages of an energy-informed approach to healthcare. Among these are an ability to address biological activities at their energetic foundations; the regulation of physiological processes with speed and precision; and the promotion of healing and prevention of illness with interventions that can be economically and noninvasively applied.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Medicina , Humanos
18.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(11): 853-858, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873161

RESUMO

Bachelor of Human Medicine at the ETH Zurich. A Contribution to the Training of Tomorrow's Physicians Abstract. With ever-changing lifestyles and an increasingly older but also more dynamic society, the maintenance and health as well as the improvement of treatment play a central role. At the same time, developments in bioinformatics, molecular biosciences and imaging techniques are revolutionizing medicine. In order to fully exploit the new possibilities, for example in medical technology or personalised medicine, doctors with a sound knowledge in several disciplines will be needed in the future. In-depth knowledge in the medical, technical and biological sciences will become indispensable. This is where the new Bachelor of Human Medicine at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich has been in place since autumn 2017, combining medical with technical and scientific aspects of human health. In addition to traditional medical content, it also covers topics from the bioinformatics and medical technology sectors. The continuation of the studies takes place at one of the partner universities in Basel, Lugano or Zurich.


Assuntos
Medicina , Médicos , Currículo , Humanos , Suíça
19.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(11): 834-840, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873162

RESUMO

Reflections on Trends in the Undergraduate Curricula of Human Medicine at the Universities in Switzerland Abstract. Reflections on current trends and progressions in the undergraduate curricula of Human Medicine of the universities in Switzerland. Both updated modern learning objectives and the politically intended higher number of graduated swiss physicians will make an impact on clinical skills training and offers opportunities in focusing as well as in coordinating the curricula.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Medicina , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Suíça , Universidades
20.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(11): 901-928, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873163

RESUMO

Illustrated Medical History of the Zurich University Hospital and the Medical Policlinic (Including Cultural and Urban Side Effects) Abstract. Zurich has always played a significant role in the history of medicine, with technical developments and biomedical discoveries (including numerous Nobel Prize laureates) or with Zurich physicians who are now commonplace in the world of medicine as eponyms. The story of the Kantonsspital of the University of Zurich, founded in 1833, is perfect to illustrate and locate Zurich's medical history - but also to show intriguing and unexpected cultural or urban references.


Assuntos
Medicina , Prêmio Nobel , História do Século XX , Suíça
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