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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253107, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355911

RESUMO

Abstract Life cycle assessment was carried out for a conventional wooden furniture set produced in Mardan division of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan during 2018-19. Primary data regarding inputs and outputs were collected through questionnaire surveys from 100 conventional wooden furniture set manufacturers, 50 in district Mardan and 50 in district Swabi. In the present study, cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment approach was applied for a functional unit of one conventional wooden furniture set. Production weighted average data were modelled in the environmental impacts modelling software i.e., SimaPro v.8.5. The results showed that textile used in sofa set, wood preservative for polishing and preventing insects attack and petrol used in generator had the highest contribution to all the environmental impact categories evaluated. Total cumulative energy demand for wooden furniture set manufactured was 30,005 MJ with most of the energy acquired from non-renewable fossil fuel resources.


Resumo A abordagem de avaliação do ciclo de vida foi realizada para um conjunto de móveis de madeira convencional produzido na divisão Mardan da província de Khyber Pakhtunkhwa do Paquistão durante 2018-19. Os dados primários sobre entradas e saídas foram coletados por meio de pesquisas por questionário de 100 fabricantes de conjuntos de móveis de madeira convencionais, 50 no distrito de Mardan e 50 no distrito de Swabi. No presente estudo, a abordagem de avaliação do ciclo de vida do berço ao portão foi aplicada para uma unidade funcional de um conjunto de móveis de madeira convencional. Os dados da média ponderada da produção foram modelados no software de modelagem de impactos ambientais, isto é, SimaPro v.8.5. Os resultados mostraram que os têxteis usados ​​no conjunto de sofás, o preservativo de madeira para polir e prevenir o ataque de insetos e a gasolina usada no gerador tiveram a maior contribuição em todas as categorias de impacto ambiental avaliadas. A demanda total acumulada de energia para o conjunto de móveis de madeira fabricado foi de 30.005 MJ, com a maior parte da energia adquirida de recursos de combustíveis fósseis não renováveis.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Decoração de Interiores e Mobiliário , Paquistão
3.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 32(8): 1098-1099, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932147

RESUMO

Null.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Humanos , Paquistão
4.
Lancet Planet Health ; 6(8): e682-e693, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932788

RESUMO

Vulnerability assessments identify vulnerable groups and can promote effective community engagement in responding to and mitigating destabilising events. This scoping review maps assessments for local-level vulnerabilities in the context of infectious threats. We searched various databases for articles written between 1978 and 2019. Eligible documents assessed local-level vulnerability, focusing on infectious threats and antimicrobial resistance. Since few studies provided this dual focus, we included tools from climate change and disaster risk reduction literature that engaged the community in the assessment. We considered studies using a One Health approach as essential for identifying vulnerability risk factors for zoonotic disease affecting humans. Of the 5390 records, we selected 36 articles for review. This scoping review fills a gap regarding vulnerability assessments by combining insights from various approaches: local-level understandings of vulnerability involving community perspectives; studies of social and ecological factors relevant to exposure; and integrated quantitative and qualitative methods that make generalisations based on direct observation. The findings inform the development of new tools to identify vulnerabilities and their relation to social and natural environments.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Saúde Única , Mudança Climática , Meio Ambiente , Humanos , Ciências Sociais
5.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0271768, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925968

RESUMO

Faced with the increasingly severe ecological environment, China promotes the construction of ecological civilization vigorously. Therefore, it is of great significance to adopt scientific, effective and comprehensive methods to evaluate development status of ecological civilization. Based on the panel data from 2010 to 2014, this paper employs GIS and AHP methods to dynamically examine the level of ecological civilization construction in Jiangxi Province. The results indicate that: (1) The ecological civilization construction in Jiangxi Province is 13.23% higher than the national average, whereas there is an imbalance in the development of different cities within the province; (2) The ecological civilization construction in the whole province rises first and then falls; (3) The performances of the cities vary in different dimensions of the construction of ecological civilization that cities in Jiangxi province perform well in the dimension of ecological environment, but perform poorly in the dimension of social development. Finally, we put forward policy recommendations for improving ecological environment to realize harmonious development between human and nature.


Assuntos
Civilização , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , China , Cidades , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Meio Ambiente , Humanos
6.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 875909, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909960

RESUMO

This is the first report of the genetic diversity of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates found in a Mexican-Amerindian setting. In this study, we analyzed isolates collected from the Highlands region of Chiapas, Mexico, by using spoligotyping and whole-genome sequencing analyses. Seventy-three M. tuberculosis isolates were analyzed initially by spoligotyping; no new spoligotypes were identified. Nineteen percent of the isolates were identified as SIT53 (T1) (n = 14), followed by SIT42 (14%, n = 10, LAM9) and SIT119 (11%; n = 8, X1). SIT53, SIT42, and orphan isolates (16.4%, n = 12) constituted about 50% of the isolates studied and were subjected to whole-genome sequencing (WGS) analysis. Most SIT53 (10/12) isolates belonged to the Euro-American sub-lineage 4.8. Most SIT42 isolates (4/7) as .well as most orphan isolates (5/8) belonged to the lineage 4.3.3 LAM group. By comparing the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) patterns of the SIT53 isolates, we found one clone (<7 SNPs) and four clustered isolates (<15 SNPs). In isolates from the SIT42 and orphan groups, we did not find any clones or clusters. This work demonstrates the success of sub-lineage 4.8 to predominate in Mexico and confirms the dominion of sub-lineage 4.3.3 in Central and South America.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Meio Ambiente , Variação Genética , Genótipo , México , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13300, 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918405

RESUMO

Increased mass shootings and terrorist activities severely impact society mentally and physically. Development of real-time and cost-effective automated weapon detection systems increases a sense of safety in public. Most of the previously proposed methods were vision-based. They visually analyze the presence of a gun in a camera frame. This research focuses on gun-type (rifle, handgun, none) detection based on the audio of its shot. Mel-frequency-based audio features have been used. We compared both convolution-based and fully self-attention-based (transformers) architectures. We found transformer architecture generalizes better on audio features. Experimental results using the proposed transformer methodology on audio clips of gunshots show classification accuracy of 93.87%, with training loss and validation loss of 0.2509 and 0.1991, respectively. Based on experiments, we are convinced that our model can effectively be used as both a standalone system and in association with visual gun-detection systems for better security.


Assuntos
Armas de Fogo , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Coleta de Dados , Meio Ambiente , Humanos
8.
Global Health ; 18(1): 75, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922809

RESUMO

The delivery of kidney care, particularly haemodialysis treatment, can result in substantial environmental impact through greenhouse emissions, natural resources depletion and waste generation. However, strategies exist to mitigate this impact and improve long term environmental sustainability for the provision of haemodialysis treatment. The nephrology community has begun taking actions to improve the environmental sustainability of dialysis, but much work remains to be done by healthcare professionals, dialysis providers and professional organisations.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Diálise Renal , Atenção à Saúde , Meio Ambiente , Humanos , Rim
9.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 484, 2022 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933515

RESUMO

Net primary productivity (NPP) plays a pivotal role in the global carbon balance but estimating the NPP of underwater habitats remains a challenging task. Seaweeds (marine macroalgae) form the largest and most productive underwater vegetated habitat on Earth. Yet, little is known about the distribution of their NPP at large spatial scales, despite more than 70 years of local-scale studies being scattered throughout the literature. We present a global dataset containing NPP records for 246 seaweed taxa at 429 individual sites distributed on all continents from the intertidal to 55 m depth. All records are standardized to annual aerial carbon production (g C m-2 yr-1) and are accompanied by detailed taxonomic and methodological information. The dataset presented here provides a basis for local, regional and global comparative studies of the NPP of underwater vegetation and is pivotal for achieving a better understanding of the role seaweeds play in the global coastal carbon cycle.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Alga Marinha , Carbono , Ciclo do Carbono , Meio Ambiente
10.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272074, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944040

RESUMO

Increase in the variety of development in urban context has made it more complicated and complex for the users of public spaces. Absence of sufficient information to read the surrounding causes psychological anxiousness leading to perceived danger or discomfort for the urbanites. Consequently, perceived safety and comfort of the users is distinctively low in urban contexts, creating neglected and underused spaces. Complexity is one of the information processing variables as per Kaplan and Kaplan's informational model which helps users to comprehend the surrounding environment. The streetscape plays a vital role in the daily movement patterns within the urban cities and is the transition boundary between the public and private realms. Visual complexity of these streets is a result of different configurations of elements within the urban areas. This research is conducted to ascertain the relationship between visual complexity levels of the streets with the perceived safety and comfort of the users. Shannon Diversity Index (SDI) and Fractal dimension analysis were conducted with 48 SVIs (Street View Images) selected within 1km radius of Colpetty junction, Colombo Sri Lanka covering all the possible compositions found within the context. The visual index data extraction had identified ten major components within the selected 48 SVIs. 78 subjective ranking responses for perceived safety, comfort (preference) and perceived complexity were collected from snowball sampling. Findings of the study revealed that perceived safety levels and preference scores for the SVIs are related to the Shannon Diversity Index calculation in an inverted 'U' shape where the highest and lowest SDI values are related with low preference scores and low safety levels. The SVIs with medium SDI values are perceived as the safest and most preferred by the users of urban streets of Colombo Sri Lanka. The SDI and fractal dimension values were significantly correlated with the perceived complexity scores of the users. The results of this study can be accommodated in the planning and designing of urban streetscapes of tropical climates for sustainable and friendly urban expansions.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Cidades , Sri Lanka
11.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272300, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944045

RESUMO

Annual monitoring of the spatial distribution of cultivated land is important for maintaining the ecological environment, achieving a status quo of land resource management, and guaranteeing agricultural production. With the gradual development of remote sensing technology, it has become a common practice to obtain cultivated land boundary information on a large scale with the help of satellite Earth observation images. Traditional land use classification methods are affected by multiple types of land cover, which leads to a decrease in the accuracy of cultivated land mapping. In contrast, although the current advanced methods (such as deep learning) can obtain more accurate cultivated land mapping results than traditional methods, such methods often require the use of a massive amount of training samples, large computing power, and highly complex model tuning processes, increasing the cost of mapping and requiring the involvement of more professionals. This has hindered the promotion of related methods in mapping institutions. This paper proposes a method based on time series vector features (MTVF), which uses vector thinking to establish the features. The advantage of this method is that the introduction of vector features enlarges the differences between the different land cover types, which overcomes the loss of mapping accuracy caused by the influences of the spectra of different ground objects and ensures the calculation efficiency. Moreover, the MTVF uses a traditional method (random forest) as the classification core, which makes the MTVF less demanding than advanced methods in terms of the number of training samples. Sentinel-2 satellite images were used to carry out cultivated land mapping for 2020 in northern Henan Province, China. The results show that the MTVF has the potential to accurately identify cultivated land. Furthermore, the overall accuracy, producer accuracy, and user accuracy of the overall study area and four sub-study areas were all greater than 90%. In addition, the cultivated land mapping accuracy of the MTVF is significantly better than that of the maximum likelihood, support vector machine, and artificial neural network methods.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , China , Meio Ambiente , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto/métodos , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Adv Food Nutr Res ; 101: 181-212, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940705

RESUMO

Produced from proliferating cells in bioreactors with a controlled culture medium, "cultured meat" has been presented by its supporters, who are mainly private actors (start-ups), as a sustainable solution to meet the growing demand for animal proteins without weaknesses of animal husbandry in terms of environmental impact, animal welfare or even health. The aim of this chapter is to take stock of current knowledge on the potential benefits and pitfalls of this novel product. Since robust scientific arguments are lacking on these aspects, there is no consensus on the health and nutritional qualities of "cultured meat" for human consumption and on its potential low environmental impact. In addition, many issues related to the market, legislation, ethics and consumer perception remain to be addressed. The way in which this new product is regarded appears to be influenced by many factors related mainly to its price, as well as to the perception of safety, sensory traits but also environmental and nutritional issues. Therefore, research by universities and public research institutes indicates that "cultured meat" production does not present any major advantages in economic, nutritional, sensory, environmental, ethical or social terms compared to conventional meat. Thus, a more balanced diet by diversifying our sources of plant and animal proteins, consuming other meat substitutes, and reducing food losses and waste appear to be more effective short-term solutions to the urgent need of producing enough food for the growing human population (while reducing environmental degradation and animal suffering).


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Carne , Animais , Humanos
14.
Prog Brain Res ; 273(1): 37-48, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940723

RESUMO

Lights are primary drivers of some crucial biological functions including vision and regulation of circadian rhythm. To understand the light exposure pattern that we experience in a daily life, many past studies measured the spectral composition of natural daylight and artificial lighting. The aim of this book chapter is to introduce a novel method to characterize directional spectral variation in natural lighting environments. An omnidirectional hyperspectral illumination map stores the spectra of lights coming from every direction toward a single point in a scene. Such illumination maps allow us to simulate a spatial light exposure pattern that reaches our eyes, providing useful resources to research areas such as chronobiology, vision science and any other fields which benefit from knowledge about the spectral nature of visual lighting environments.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Iluminação , Meio Ambiente , Humanos
15.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 4220059, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942142

RESUMO

The formation of Chinese traditional culture is influenced by many factors, and the natural geographical environment is an important factor. Because a country's status is based on its geographical environment, it affects many aspects, such as economic composition and national psychology. As one of the expression forms of traditional Chinese culture, ancient Chinese poetry has a great influence on the emergence and development of Chinese traditional culture. Therefore, this paper mainly discusses the specific influencing factors of the drama of the ancient Chinese poetry, and the preliminary study of it is of certain significance to the development of Chinese traditional culture.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , China
16.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 9631782, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910752

RESUMO

In order to further curb the damage to the ecological environment from the perspective of legal synergistic supervision, a synergistic analysis method between the ecological protection environmental law and the ecological Civil Code is proposed. Coordinated supervision, with the new Civil Code as the research background, from the perspective of interpretation, explores the solution to the problem of "ecological environmental damage" in the newly promulgated Civil Code for behavior that damages the ecological environment. The research results believe that, from the perspective of rights, environmental rights should be regarded as the concentrated expression of rights in the sense of private law in the ecological environment law. Article 1234 of the Tort Liability Section stipulates that "the state-specified agency or the law-specified organization" as the representative of environmental public interests proposes damage. The request resolves the legitimacy of relevant agencies and organizations as civil subjects to represent environmental public interests. Finally, it clearly stipulates the responsibility for ecological restoration, expands the way of undertaking tort liability caused by environmental damage, and solves the problem that it was limited to "restoration" in the past and could not be actually performed.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Responsabilidade Legal , Humanos
17.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 7390836, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909876

RESUMO

In recent years, the physical quality of middle school students in China has generally declined, which has attracted the attention of the state and the Ministry of education. With the development of Internet technology, China's physical education teaching environment has gradually become intelligent. This article mainly studies the mobile terminal equipment and methods of martial arts movement correction in the intelligent physical education environment. 21 young martial arts athletes were selected as the research objects. In the experiment, functional screening (FMS) was used to test the martial arts athletes, followed by FMS tests and scores. A video camera was used to record the motion test from the subjects' sagittal and frontal planes. Using wireless sensor technology to collect the athletes' motion signals, after the twelfth week, the FMS, SEBT, and the number of successful routines were tested on the two groups of athletes, respectively. The pre-test data and the post-correction data of the two test indicators were compared and analyzed. There is no significant difference. The necessary statistics and integration of the obtained data are carried out by using the calculation methods in sports statistics. The experimental data showed that the average total scores of FMS screening test of Changquan athletes and Taijiquan athletes were 14.71 ± 1.52 and 16.20 ± 1.32, respectively. The results of the research on the mobile terminal equipment and methods of martial arts movement correction in the intelligent sports environment show that the mobile terminal equipment can improve the independent training ability of athletes, and at the same time has a good correction effect on irregular movements.


Assuntos
Artes Marciais , Educação Física e Treinamento , Atletas , Meio Ambiente , Humanos , Movimento
18.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0271547, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947578

RESUMO

Eight olivine beads found at the Middle Chalcolithic site of Tel Tsaf (ca. 5,200-4,700 cal. BC), Jordan Valley, Israel, underscore a new facet of interregional exchange for this period. The current paper presents the olivine beads assemblage, its morphometric and technological characteristics, and chemical composition. The results of the chemical analysis suggest that all eight beads derive from the same source. By means of comparison with the chemical characteristics of known olivine sources, we argue for a northeastern African-western Arabian provenience and cautiously suggest Ethiopia as a probable origin. Finally, we discuss the significance of the assemblage, its possible origin, and the mechanisms that may have brought the beads to the site.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Tecnologia , Compostos de Ferro , Israel , Jordânia , Compostos de Magnésio , Silicatos
19.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(33): e2120584119, 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939701

RESUMO

Understanding and communicating the environmental impacts of food products is key to enabling transitions to environmentally sustainable food systems [El Bilali and Allahyari, Inf. Process. Agric. 5, 456-464 (2018)]. While previous analyses compared the impacts of food commodities such as fruits, wheat, and beef [Poore and Nemecek, Science 360, 987-992 (2018)], most food products contain numerous ingredients. However, because the amount of each ingredient in a product is often known only by the manufacturer, it has been difficult to assess their environmental impacts. Here, we develop an approach to overcome this limitation. It uses prior knowledge from ingredient lists to infer the composition of each ingredient, and then pairs this with environmental databases [Poore and Nemecek Science 360, 987-992 (2018); Gephart et al., Nature 597, 360-365 (2021)] to derive estimates of a food product's environmental impact across four indicators: greenhouse gas emissions, land use, water stress, and eutrophication potential. Using the approach on 57,000 products in the United Kingdom and Ireland shows food types have low (e.g., sugary beverages, fruits, breads), to intermediate (e.g., many desserts, pastries), to high environmental impacts (e.g., meat, fish, cheese). Incorporating NutriScore reveals more nutritious products are often more environmentally sustainable but there are exceptions to this trend, and foods consumers may view as substitutable can have markedly different impacts. Sensitivity analyses indicate the approach is robust to uncertainty in ingredient composition and in most cases sourcing. This approach provides a step toward enabling consumers, retailers, and policy makers to make informed decisions on the environmental impacts of food products.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Gases de Efeito Estufa , Animais , Bovinos , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Carne , Reino Unido
20.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9845

RESUMO

Segunda LIVE da série #NovembroVerde: Animais e vegetais também se tratam com Homeopatia. E você? Para falarmos da Homeopatia na natureza, receberemos: Dra Mônica Souza - Médica Veterinária Homeopata e diretora da Sigo Homeopatia Veterinária - Mato Grosso do Sul. Dra Cideli Coelho - Médica veterinária especialista em Homeopatia. Doutorado em Epidemiologia e Pós doc em patologia ambiental e experimental. Prof da Graduação e pós Graduação da Unisa. Sócia proprietária da HD Science Dra Paula Andressa Pennacchi Savi - Médica Veterinária, Doutora pela Unesp/Jaboticabal, Coordenadora da Medicina Veterinária do CEHL (Centro de Especialização de Homeopatia de Londrina) Dr Jasper José Zanco - Eng. Agrônomo; Mestrado em produção vegetal (UFPEL): Doutorado em Produção Vegetal (UDESC); Coordenador do Grupo de Pesquisa em Produção e Biotecnologia Vegetal: Curador do Herbário e professor da UNISUL-ÅNIMA; pesquisador em biofotônica aplicada às ultra diluições em plantas Para moderar esse bate papo, contamos com a presença do Dr. Luiz Darcy Siqueira, Presidente da AMHB.


Assuntos
Homeopatia , Medicina Veterinária , Promoção da Saúde , Meio Ambiente
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