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1.
Global Health ; 17(1): 4, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402169

RESUMO

During global pandemics, such as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), crisis communication is indispensable in dispelling fears, uncertainty, and unifying individuals worldwide in a collective fight against health threats. Inadequate crisis communication can bring dire personal and economic consequences. Mounting research shows that seemingly endless newsfeeds related to COVID-19 infection and death rates could considerably increase the risk of mental health problems. Unfortunately, media reports that include infodemics regarding the influence of COVID-19 on mental health may be a source of the adverse psychological effects on individuals. Owing partially to insufficient crisis communication practices, media and news organizations across the globe have played minimal roles in battling COVID-19 infodemics. Common refrains include raging QAnon conspiracies, a false and misleading "Chinese virus" narrative, and the use of disinfectants to "cure" COVID-19. With the potential to deteriorate mental health, infodemics fueled by a kaleidoscopic range of misinformation can be dangerous. Unfortunately, there is a shortage of research on how to improve crisis communication across media and news organization channels. This paper identifies ways that legacy media reports on COVID-19 and how social media-based infodemics can result in mental health concerns. This paper discusses possible crisis communication solutions that media and news organizations can adopt to mitigate the negative influences of COVID-19 related news on mental health. Emphasizing the need for global media entities to forge a fact-based, person-centered, and collaborative response to COVID-19 reporting, this paper encourages media resources to focus on the core issue of how to slow or stop COVID-19 transmission effectively.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/métodos , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/normas , Comunicação em Saúde/normas , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Pandemias , Mídias Sociais/normas
2.
J Stud Alcohol Drugs ; 81(2): 273-283, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Media coverage of alcohol-related policy measures can influence public debate and is often more aligned with interests of the alcohol industry than public health. The purpose of this study was to examine the framing of news coverage of alcohol warning label (AWL) initiatives that included a cancer message on alcohol containers in two different countries. Policy contexts and industry perspectives were also evaluated. METHOD: We identified and systematically reviewed news articles published between 2017-2019 covering an AWL academic study in Yukon, Canada, and labeling provisions in a Public Health (Alcohol) Bill in Ireland. Both included a cancer message. News stories were coded for media type and topic slant; inclusion of alcohol industry perspectives was examined using content analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 68.4% of media articles covering the Yukon Study (n = 38) and 18.9% covering the Ireland Bill (n = 37) were supportive of AWLs with a cancer message. The majority of articles in both sites presented alcohol industry perspectives (Yukon, 65.8%; Ireland, 86.5%), and industry arguments opposing AWLs were similar across both contexts. In articles with statements from industry representatives, the label message was frequently disputed by distorting or denying the evidence that alcohol causes cancer (n = 33/43). CONCLUSIONS: News coverage of AWLs with a cancer message was more supportive in Canada than Ireland, where alcohol industry perspectives were consistently foregrounded. Industry arguments opposing the cancer label bore similarities across contexts, often distorting or denying the evidence. Increasing awareness of industry messaging strategies may generate more critical coverage of industry lobbying activities and increase public support for alcohol policies.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle , Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , Rotulagem de Produtos/normas , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Humanos , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública/normas
3.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(3): e20180390, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: identify the social representations of transsexual women living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: this is a qualitative descriptive exploratory study, based on the theory of social representations, conducted with six HIV/AIDS seropositive transsexual women from a hospital for patients with HIV/AIDS. For data collection, semi-structured interviews were conducted and later transcribed and analyzed with the help of Iramuteq (version 0.7) to produce a dendrogram of the descending hierarchical classification. RESULTS: data were grouped into three classes: social thought and health/disease process; subjectivity and identity coping; and social determination and the context of vulnerability. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the elements of social representations were identified, based on commonsense knowledge, resulting from the way of thinking and acting and associated with the syndrome and social actors and sectors of the daily life of transsexual women. This study highlights the relevance of representational processes for humanized health care.


Assuntos
Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Identificação Social , Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(1): 55-58, 2020 03 31.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32238261

RESUMO

Este artículo analiza la cobertura mediática del avance de la pandemia de Covid-19 en Argentina y la medida de aislamiento social preventivo y obligatorio decretada por el gobierno nacional. Destaca tendencias problemáticas y buenas prácticas según un enfoque teórico-normativo, y las vincula con las características históricas del sistema de medios en el país. Utiliza una perspectiva teórico-metodológica que concibe a la comunicación como un derecho humano fundamental, esencial en una sociedad democrática y a los medios de comunicación de masas como vehículo fundamental para su ejercicio, y se apoya en las recomendaciones formuladas por organismos internacionales, organizaciones de la sociedad civil e instituciones nacionales. Se sostiene que los medios de comunicación de masas en la Argentina tienen la oportunidad histórica de mostrar la relevancia de su aporte no sólo para que enfrentar esta coyuntura, sino también para que salgamos de ella como una sociedad mejor y más justa.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Comunicação em Saúde/normas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Humanos
5.
N Z Med J ; 133(1508): 92-110, 2020 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945046

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse how the New Zealand news media has reported on chronic pain and identify whether this publicly available information is reflective of best practice. METHODS: A content analysis of news media published between January 2015 and June 2019, with a primary focus on chronic pain was undertaken. The Factiva, EBSCO and ProQuest databases, alongside popular New Zealand news websites were searched. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty news articles were included; the overarching themes identified in content analysis were (1) the lived experience and the impact of chronic pain (n=119/240), (2) pain management strategies with information on pharmacological (ie, opioids and medicinal cannabis) (n=107/240) and non-pharmacological strategies (eg) psychological therapies (36/240), physical activity (34/240), pain education (34/240), (3) the systemic issues influencing chronic pain healthcare pathways (n=79/240). CONCLUSION: Living with chronic pain is predominantly represented as a struggle, with a lesser focus on the ability to successfully self-manage and live a meaningful life. The limited emphasis on each of the non-pharmacological strategies suggest that the reports failed to communicate that these strategies should be a key component of self-managing chronic pain. New Zealand healthcare providers and researchers can collaboratively work with the media to provide evidence-based information on both non-pharmacological and pharmacological pain management strategies.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/terapia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Dor Crônica/economia , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Maconha Medicinal/uso terapêutico , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Psicoterapia/métodos , Editoração/tendências
6.
Compr Child Adolesc Nurs ; 43(3): 217-232, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424967

RESUMO

This study evaluates the effect of motivational interviewing with mothers on media interaction and aggression of preschool-aged children. This study was conducted as a quasi-experimental/pre-experimental research in order to evaluate the effect of motivational interviewing with mothers on media interaction and aggression of preschool-aged children. The motivational interviews conducted with the mothers focused on the stages of change and were performed as two face-to-face sessions and two telephone call sessions. While the pre and post-intervention prosocial behavior sub-dimension scores of the children were shown to increase, the overt physical aggression and relational aggression sub-dimension scores were found to decrease. Motivational interviewing technique can be effective for mothers who need to increase control of their children and set limits on media interaction. Nurses in this field can apply the MI technique and help parents to develop behavioral changes.


Assuntos
Agressão/psicologia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Mães/psicologia , Entrevista Motivacional/métodos , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; 13(3): 570-576, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship of sniper-related television viewing (TV) and perceived safety to posttraumatic stress (PTS) and depressive symptoms during the Washington, DC sniper attacks. METHODS: Participants were 1238 Washington, DC area residents assessed using an internet survey including the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, hours of TV, and perceived safety. RESULTS: Almost 40% (n = 459) of participants watched at least 2 hours of sniper-related TV daily. TV viewing was associated with lower total perceived safety. After adjusting for demographics, more TV viewing and decreased perceived safety were related to increased PTS and depressive symptoms. TV viewing modified the effect of safety on PTS and depressive symptoms. Among participants with low and high perceived safety, hours of TV were positively associated with PTS; however, the effect was stronger among those with low perceived safety. The relationship of TV to increased depressive symptoms was identified only in participants who reported low perceived safety. CONCLUSIONS: The influence of media exposure and perceived safety have implications for intervention by community leaders and mental health care providers. Recommendations include limiting media exposure during a terrorist event, particularly among those who perceive that their safety is at risk, and targeting safety in communication strategies. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2019;13:570-576).


Assuntos
Violência com Arma de Fogo/psicologia , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Percepção , Televisão/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , District of Columbia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Violência com Arma de Fogo/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Televisão/estatística & dados numéricos , Terrorismo/psicologia , Terrorismo/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Work ; 63(3): 435-446, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progressive workplaces should be aware of emerging neurodiversity related issues. People are sharing their narratives of high functioning anxiety in a variety of forums. Despite news text reporting upon this phenomenon, the concept has managed to escape a research spotlight. OBJECTIVE: To critically investigate the evidence base of news article reporting of anxiety-related work performance strengths, challenges and support measures. METHODS: Thematic analysis was applied to news texts derived from CrossSearch database and internet enquiries and journal articles obtained from Scopus, Medline and Science Direct databases. RESULTS: The analysis of eight news texts and 36 journal articles produced evidence-based themes including those of work performance strengths (quality, quantity, creativity) challenges (overreaching, perfectionism, overthinking, communication) and support measures (medical, cognitive, physical, flexibility). CONCLUSION: This investigative review reveals that anxiety-related work performance strengths, challenges and support measures as identified within news text reporting of the high functioning anxiety concept have at least some basis in the literature. It might therefore be the case that organizations who invest in supporting employees who identify with high functioning dimensions of their anxiety disorders are the ones who are ultimately rewarded with work performance advantages.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/complicações , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Desempenho Profissional/normas , Ansiedade/psicologia , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Desempenho Profissional/tendências
11.
J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care ; 18: 2325958219849054, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31131670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To address the gap in knowledge about HIV risk reduction materials that target older adults. This review offered a comprehensive and rigorous examination of HIV risk reduction education materials that targeted older adults in the United States, assessing the gap in their coverage and content. METHOD: A cross-sectional review of both print and Internet sources from state departments of public health, state and area agencies on aging, and web resources that targeted older populations was performed. RESULTS: Of 29 health departments and 13 state and area agencies on aging that responded to the request, there were 9 HIV education materials identified that targeted older people. Of those materials, only 2 addressed the majority of aging-specific recommendations made from a previous study that described important HIV risk reduction information. DISCUSSION: Recommendations are made about dissemination ideas to increase awareness and utilization of HIV educational materials.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Educação em Saúde/normas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Saúde Pública/métodos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Educação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Pública/normas , Estados Unidos
12.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 91, 2019 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Misleading news claims can be detrimental to public health. We aimed to improve the alignment between causal claims and evidence, without losing news interest (counter to assumptions that news is not interested in communicating caution). METHODS: We tested two interventions in press releases, which are the main sources for science and health news: (a) aligning the headlines and main causal claims with the underlying evidence (strong for experimental, cautious for correlational) and (b) inserting explicit statements/caveats about inferring causality. The 'participants' were press releases on health-related topics (N = 312; control = 89, claim alignment = 64, causality statement = 79, both = 80) from nine press offices (journals, universities, funders). Outcomes were news content (headlines, causal claims, caveats) in English-language international and national media (newspapers, websites, broadcast; N = 2257), news uptake (% press releases gaining news coverage) and feasibility (% press releases implementing cautious statements). RESULTS: News headlines showed better alignment to evidence when press releases were aligned (intention-to-treat analysis (ITT) 56% vs 52%, OR = 1.2 to 1.9; as-treated analysis (AT) 60% vs 32%, OR = 1.3 to 4.4). News claims also followed press releases, significant only for AT (ITT 62% vs 60%, OR = 0.7 to 1.6; AT, 67% vs 39%, OR = 1.4 to 5.7). The same was true for causality statements/caveats (ITT 15% vs 10%, OR = 0.9 to 2.6; AT 20% vs 0%, OR 16 to 156). There was no evidence of lost news uptake for press releases with aligned headlines and claims (ITT 55% vs 55%, OR = 0.7 to 1.3, AT 58% vs 60%, OR = 0.7 to 1.7), or causality statements/caveats (ITT 53% vs 56%, OR = 0.8 to 1.0, AT 66% vs 52%, OR = 1.3 to 2.7). Feasibility was demonstrated by a spontaneous increase in cautious headlines, claims and caveats in press releases compared to the pre-trial period (OR = 1.01 to 2.6, 1.3 to 3.4, 1.1 to 26, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: News claims-even headlines-can become better aligned with evidence. Cautious claims and explicit caveats about correlational findings may penetrate into news without harming news interest. Findings from AT analysis are correlational and may not imply cause, although here the linking mechanism between press releases and news is known. ITT analysis was insensitive due to spontaneous adoption of interventions across conditions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN10492618 (20 August 2015).


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Causalidade , Disseminação de Informação , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Comunicação , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Saúde Pública/normas , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
14.
Acad Med ; 94(8): 1071-1073, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998580

RESUMO

In this Invited Commentary, the author probes current events overlapping with his early medical education for unwritten lessons. Today's generation of trainees studies the careful application of science to suffering in the roiling context of resurgent white supremacy, anti-immigrant hatred, climate disasters, contentious public health epidemics, and attacks on the structures undergirding access to health care for millions. The author reflects on the connections between sociopolitical events and his own experiences, as well as those of his classmates, friends, and family members. These experiences, he argues, have galvanized his and his fellow medical students' commitment to decency, truth, diversity, and equity. He concludes that, in the current climate, the practice of healing is inextricably tied to the social and political context, such that advocacy and activism have become essential to a career in medicine.


Assuntos
Defesa do Consumidor/psicologia , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Racismo/psicologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/etnologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/psicologia , California/etnologia , Defesa do Consumidor/normas , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/normas , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Racismo/etnologia
15.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(2): 468-475, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the images of alcohol in the rite of passage of adolescents of a quilombola community. METHOD: Qualitative and participatory study was developed by Creative and Sensitive Method, and guided by generated questions: "In my house, alcohol is..."; "Near my house, I see alcohol in..." Ten adolescents who live in a quilombola community in the north of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, participated in the group dynamics. The material was submitted to a thematic analysis. RESULTS: Images of alcohol are common in the daily life of adolescents and can be seen in bars drinks, in their homes or in soccer fields; in different moments within the community (weekend barbecues, church celebrations, after soccer); and also in rites of passage, where adolescents first sipped or tasted alcohol with friends or socially with adults. FINAL CONSIDERATION: Alcohol in quilombola communities is cultural, and socially accepted, which turns it into a challenge for health professionals to promote health education with these adolescents.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Pesquisa Qualitativa
16.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(2): 468-475, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1003476

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the images of alcohol in the rite of passage of adolescents of a quilombola community. Method: Qualitative and participatory study was developed by Creative and Sensitive Method, and guided by generated questions: "In my house, alcohol is..."; "Near my house, I see alcohol in..." Ten adolescents who live in a quilombola community in the north of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, participated in the group dynamics. The material was submitted to a thematic analysis. Results: Images of alcohol are common in the daily life of adolescents and can be seen in bars drinks, in their homes or in soccer fields; in different moments within the community (weekend barbecues, church celebrations, after soccer); and also in rites of passage, where adolescents first sipped or tasted alcohol with friends or socially with adults. Final Consideration: Alcohol in quilombola communities is cultural, and socially accepted, which turns it into a challenge for health professionals to promote health education with these adolescents.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar con los adolescentes de una comunidad "quilombola" las imágenes del alcohol en sus ritos de iniciación. Método: Estudio cualitativo, participativo, aplicando el Método Creativo y Sensible, orientado por las cuestiones: "En casa, la bebida alcohólica está…"; "Cerca de casa, veo la bebida alcohólica en…". Diez adolescentes residentes en comunidad "quilombola" del norte de Espírito Santo participaron en las dinámicas. Materiales sometidos a análisis temático. Resultados: Las imágenes del alcohol son constantes en el día a día del adolescente, están presentes en bares, casa, campo de fútbol; en diferentes momentos comunitarios (asado de fin de semana, fiestas religiosas, luego del fútbol); y en los ritos de iniciación, probando el alcohol con amigos o consumiéndolo socialmente con adultos. Consideraciones Finales: El alcohol en la comunidad "quilombola" es cultural y socialmente aceptado, convirtiéndose en desafío para los profesionales de salud en la promoción y la educación en salud de estos adolescentes.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar, com os adolescentes de uma comunidade quilombola, as imagens do álcool em seus ritos de passagem. Método: Estudo qualitativo e participativo, com o Método Criativo e Sensível, conduzido pelas questões: "Na minha casa a bebida alcoólica está..."; "Perto da minha casa eu vejo a bebida alcoólica em..." Dez adolescentes residentes em comunidade quilombola do norte do Espírito Santo participaram das dinâmicas. Os materiais foram submetidos a análise temática. Resultados: Imagens da bebida alcoólica são constantes no cotidiano do adolescente e estão presentes nos botecos, na casa, no campo de futebol; em diferentes momentos da comunidade (churrasco de fim de semana, festas da igreja, depois do futebol); e, nos ritos de passagem, experimentando álcool entre pares ou usando socialmente com adultos. Considerações Finais: O álcool na comunidade quilombola é cultural e socialmente aceito, tornando-se um desafio para os profissionais de saúde na promoção e na educação em saúde com esses adolescentes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Brasil , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências
17.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(4): 283-287, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848675

RESUMO

The increased reliance on social network sites for news and the proliferation of partisan news have refocused scholarly attention on how people judge credibility online. Twitter has faced scrutiny regarding their practices in assigning the "verified" status to Twitter accounts, but little work has investigated whether users apply this cue in making assessments for information quality. Using an experimental design, we test whether the Twitter verification mark contributes to perceptions of information and account credibility among news organizations. We additionally consider how account ambiguity and account congruence with political beliefs condition this relationship. Our results suggest little attention is paid to the verification mark when judging credibility, even when little other information is provided about the account or the content. Instead, account ambiguity and congruence dominate credibility assessments of news organizations. We propose that Twitter may need to revise their verification badges to increase their salience or provide more information to users. Currently, users appear to rely on other cues than the verification label when judging information quality.


Assuntos
Credenciamento , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Mídias Sociais/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Julgamento , Masculino , Confiança
18.
19.
Violence Against Women ; 25(12): 1491-1509, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600779

RESUMO

A pilot study (n = 165) showed that images portraying women who have experienced sexual violence as survivors (e.g., at a self-help group) rather than as victims (e.g., in vulnerable positions) led to more positive ratings of the women depicted. In a subsequent experiment (n = 236), participants viewed either survivor or victim images, read a rape vignette, and completed explicit and implicit measures of blame. Results showed that male (but not female) participants implicitly blamed the woman more after viewing victim images, but explicitly blamed her more after viewing survivor images. Discussion focuses on theoretical and applied implications.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/classificação , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Sobreviventes/classificação , Adulto , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Projetos Piloto , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Percepção Social , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Health Promot Pract ; 20(4): 513-519, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898614

RESUMO

Media coverage of mental health and other social issues often relies on episodic narratives that suggest individualistic causes and solutions, while reinforcing negative stereotypes. Community narratives can provide empowering alternatives, serving as media advocacy tools used to shape the policy debate on a social issue. This article provides health promotion researchers and practitioners with guidance on how to develop and disseminate community narratives to broaden awareness of social issues and build support for particular programs and policy solutions. To exemplify the community narrative development process and highlight important considerations, this article examines a narrative from a mental health consumer-run organization. In the narrative, people with mental health problems help one another while operating a nonprofit organization, thereby countering stigmatizing media portrayals of people with mental illness as dangerous and incompetent. The community narrative frame supports the use of consumer-run organizations, which are not well-known and receive little funding despite evidence of effectiveness. The article concludes by reviewing challenges to disseminating community narratives, such as creating a product of interest to media outlets, and potential solutions, such as engaging media representatives through community health partnerships and using social media to draw attention to the narratives.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Jornalismo/organização & administração , Saúde Mental , Políticas , Mídias Sociais/organização & administração , Comunicação , Humanos , Jornalismo/normas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Mídias Sociais/normas
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