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1.
Work ; 63(3): 435-446, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progressive workplaces should be aware of emerging neurodiversity related issues. People are sharing their narratives of high functioning anxiety in a variety of forums. Despite news text reporting upon this phenomenon, the concept has managed to escape a research spotlight. OBJECTIVE: To critically investigate the evidence base of news article reporting of anxiety-related work performance strengths, challenges and support measures. METHODS: Thematic analysis was applied to news texts derived from CrossSearch database and internet enquiries and journal articles obtained from Scopus, Medline and Science Direct databases. RESULTS: The analysis of eight news texts and 36 journal articles produced evidence-based themes including those of work performance strengths (quality, quantity, creativity) challenges (overreaching, perfectionism, overthinking, communication) and support measures (medical, cognitive, physical, flexibility). CONCLUSION: This investigative review reveals that anxiety-related work performance strengths, challenges and support measures as identified within news text reporting of the high functioning anxiety concept have at least some basis in the literature. It might therefore be the case that organizations who invest in supporting employees who identify with high functioning dimensions of their anxiety disorders are the ones who are ultimately rewarded with work performance advantages.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/complicações , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Desempenho Profissional/normas , Ansiedade/psicologia , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Desempenho Profissional/tendências
2.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 91, 2019 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Misleading news claims can be detrimental to public health. We aimed to improve the alignment between causal claims and evidence, without losing news interest (counter to assumptions that news is not interested in communicating caution). METHODS: We tested two interventions in press releases, which are the main sources for science and health news: (a) aligning the headlines and main causal claims with the underlying evidence (strong for experimental, cautious for correlational) and (b) inserting explicit statements/caveats about inferring causality. The 'participants' were press releases on health-related topics (N = 312; control = 89, claim alignment = 64, causality statement = 79, both = 80) from nine press offices (journals, universities, funders). Outcomes were news content (headlines, causal claims, caveats) in English-language international and national media (newspapers, websites, broadcast; N = 2257), news uptake (% press releases gaining news coverage) and feasibility (% press releases implementing cautious statements). RESULTS: News headlines showed better alignment to evidence when press releases were aligned (intention-to-treat analysis (ITT) 56% vs 52%, OR = 1.2 to 1.9; as-treated analysis (AT) 60% vs 32%, OR = 1.3 to 4.4). News claims also followed press releases, significant only for AT (ITT 62% vs 60%, OR = 0.7 to 1.6; AT, 67% vs 39%, OR = 1.4 to 5.7). The same was true for causality statements/caveats (ITT 15% vs 10%, OR = 0.9 to 2.6; AT 20% vs 0%, OR 16 to 156). There was no evidence of lost news uptake for press releases with aligned headlines and claims (ITT 55% vs 55%, OR = 0.7 to 1.3, AT 58% vs 60%, OR = 0.7 to 1.7), or causality statements/caveats (ITT 53% vs 56%, OR = 0.8 to 1.0, AT 66% vs 52%, OR = 1.3 to 2.7). Feasibility was demonstrated by a spontaneous increase in cautious headlines, claims and caveats in press releases compared to the pre-trial period (OR = 1.01 to 2.6, 1.3 to 3.4, 1.1 to 26, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: News claims-even headlines-can become better aligned with evidence. Cautious claims and explicit caveats about correlational findings may penetrate into news without harming news interest. Findings from AT analysis are correlational and may not imply cause, although here the linking mechanism between press releases and news is known. ITT analysis was insensitive due to spontaneous adoption of interventions across conditions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN10492618 (20 August 2015).


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Causalidade , Disseminação de Informação , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Comunicação , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Saúde Pública/normas , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
3.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(2): 468-475, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the images of alcohol in the rite of passage of adolescents of a quilombola community. METHOD: Qualitative and participatory study was developed by Creative and Sensitive Method, and guided by generated questions: "In my house, alcohol is..."; "Near my house, I see alcohol in..." Ten adolescents who live in a quilombola community in the north of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, participated in the group dynamics. The material was submitted to a thematic analysis. RESULTS: Images of alcohol are common in the daily life of adolescents and can be seen in bars drinks, in their homes or in soccer fields; in different moments within the community (weekend barbecues, church celebrations, after soccer); and also in rites of passage, where adolescents first sipped or tasted alcohol with friends or socially with adults. FINAL CONSIDERATION: Alcohol in quilombola communities is cultural, and socially accepted, which turns it into a challenge for health professionals to promote health education with these adolescents.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(4): 283-287, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848675

RESUMO

The increased reliance on social network sites for news and the proliferation of partisan news have refocused scholarly attention on how people judge credibility online. Twitter has faced scrutiny regarding their practices in assigning the "verified" status to Twitter accounts, but little work has investigated whether users apply this cue in making assessments for information quality. Using an experimental design, we test whether the Twitter verification mark contributes to perceptions of information and account credibility among news organizations. We additionally consider how account ambiguity and account congruence with political beliefs condition this relationship. Our results suggest little attention is paid to the verification mark when judging credibility, even when little other information is provided about the account or the content. Instead, account ambiguity and congruence dominate credibility assessments of news organizations. We propose that Twitter may need to revise their verification badges to increase their salience or provide more information to users. Currently, users appear to rely on other cues than the verification label when judging information quality.


Assuntos
Credenciamento , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Mídias Sociais/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Julgamento , Masculino , Confiança
5.
6.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 1322, 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: European legislation prohibits direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medicines, but allows drug manufacturers to provide information to the public on health and diseases. Our aim was to measure the frequency of disease awareness campaigns in Latvian media and assess their compliance with international and European standards. METHODS: Materials on health/disease and treatments were collected between April and September 2015 from 12 newspapers and magazines and six online portals. Disease awareness campaigns were assessed using a previously developed instrument based on the WHO Ethical Criteria for Medicinal Drug promotion and European standards (EU law and pharmaceutical industry self-regulatory guidelines). Collected materials were used to examine the information provided on medical conditions and their diagnosis and treatment. The inter-rater reliability was calculated. RESULTS: We collected 263 materials from print (n = 149) and online media (n = 114); 94 were news items and 169 were disease-awareness advertisements. Cancer, cardiovascular problems, allergies and respiratory diseases were common topics. Of the 157 campaigns assessed, non-compliance was identified in 149 cases (inter-rater reliability 90%), mainly due to misleading or incomplete information, lack of balance and the absence of a listed author/sponsor. Six disease awareness campaigns directly mentioned a pharmaceutical product by brand name and other four included the logo or name of a manufacturer, referred to a condition and indirectly mentioned a treatment, all in contravention with European law. CONCLUSIONS: The compliance of disease awareness campaigns in Latvian media with international and European standards is low. This raises concerns about the nature of information being conveyed. Through lack of balance, missing sponsorship information, and misleading or incomplete information, these campaigns could contribute to inaccurate self-diagnosis and generate demand among those who might not need medical treatment.


Assuntos
Meios de Comunicação/normas , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/ética , Medicamentos sob Prescrição , Estudos Transversais , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/legislação & jurisprudência , Indústria Farmacêutica , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Internet , Letônia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Organização Mundial da Saúde
7.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 162(1)2018 01 02.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30295017

RESUMO

Objective: To determine how often press releases and news articles contain exaggeration and to locate its origin in the trajectory from research paper to news article. Design: Retrospective quantitative content analysis. Method: We analysed press releases on health-related research published by Dutch universities and university medical centres in 2015 (n = 129) as well as news media articles related to those press releases (n = 185). Results: 20% of press releases and 29% of news articles exaggerated the conclusion or causal claim. Explicit health advice was, when present, exaggerated in 7% of press releases and 10% of news articles. When press releases exaggerated the conclusion or causal claim, 92% of associated news articles contained the same exaggeration. When the conclusion was not exaggerated in the press release, 6% of the news articles was exaggerated. The relative chance for exaggerated news associated with exaggerated press releases was 16.08 (95% CI: 7.35-35.18). Exaggerated press releases were associated with news articles more frequently. The relative chance for news articles to be associated with exaggerated press releases vs. a non-exaggerated press release was 1.45 (95% CI: 1.02-2.04). Conclusion: Exaggeration in health-related news is strongly correlated with exaggeration in the original press release and occurs in more than 1 in 5 articles. Monitoring and, if necessary, improving the accuracy and correctness of academic press releases seem to be important measures to improve the quality of health related news.Conflict of interest and financial support: I. Smeets is a columnist with one of the newspapers investigated. She was not involved in collecting, coding and analysing the relevant data. Additional potential conflicts of interest have been reported for this article. ICMJE forms provided by the authors are available online along with the full text of this article.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Países Baixos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Universidades
8.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 71(suppl 5): 2237-2242, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: evaluate how the crack user is portrayed by the media. METHOD: qualitative study, using fourth generation evaluation. The data were collected in interviews and field observations in a mental health network service of the Porto Alegre-RS metropolitan area. The participants were 10 users, 11 family members, 08 health service professionals and 07 managers. RESULTS: the findings revealed that media relates the crack user profile to violence, crime and disease, which does not correspond to the reality experienced in the health service. This image disregards the different ways of using the drug and the different productions of life of these individuals, increasing social exclusion and stigma. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The challenge is to build shared, integrated, clear and honest information.


Assuntos
Fumar Cocaína/psicologia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Retratos como Assunto/psicologia , Estigma Social , Brasil , Fumar Cocaína/efeitos adversos , Família/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
9.
Am J Nurs ; 118(10): 42-50, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30260886

RESUMO

: Purpose: In a 2018 replication of a 1997 study, the Woodhull Study on Nursing and the Media, nurses were identified as sources in only 2% of health news stories in the same print publications investigated in the earlier study, showing no improvement in 20 years. We sought to interview health journalists across a spectrum of media to better understand their perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to using nurses as sources in news stories. METHODS: This qualitative study employed a snowball sampling technique to obtain a sample of 10 health journalists. One-to-one semistructured telephone interviews using open-ended questions were conducted and recorded, and thematic analysis was performed on the transcripts. RESULTS: Analysis of the transcripts revealed an overarching theme of biases about women, nurses, and positions of authority in health care among journalists, newsrooms, and public relations staff in health care organizations and universities that impeded journalists' use of diverse sources in health reporting. Subthemes were that 1) when used as sources, nurses can enrich a story; 2) health journalists don't understand the range of nurses' roles, work, and education; 3) health journalists don't know how to find nurses to interview for news stories and have little time to do so; 4) communications staff of health care organizations and universities aren't offering nurses as sources; 5) editorial biases, policies, and processes can get in the way of journalists using nurses as sources; and 6) nurses and the nursing profession aren't strategic about engaging journalists. CONCLUSIONS: Because nurses as sources can enhance the quality of health news, health journalists should become more aware of their biases and strive to include more nurses, as well as more women and people of color overall, in their stories. Nurses and nursing organizations can do more to reach out to journalists and public relations staff to raise awareness of nurses' expertise.


Assuntos
Jornalismo Médico/normas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Atitude , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Percepção , Pesquisa Qualitativa
10.
Soc Sci Med ; 215: 23-27, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30199743

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Although vaccines are an invaluable weapon in combatting diseases, they are often surrounded by controversy. Vaccine controversies usually arise with the claims of some parents or doctors who link vaccines to harmful outcomes. These controversies often negatively affect vaccination coverage. OBJECTIVES: This experiment simulated a vaccine controversy to understand which content features of vaccination-related information are well transmitted and how this transmission affects vaccine intention. METHOD: All participants (N = 64) read two conflicting views (pro- and anti-) about a fictional vaccine ('dipherpox vaccine'). These conflicting views were held by a parent and a doctor, whose views varied across conditions. This information was transmitted along linear chains of four participants who recalled it and the product of their recall was passed to the next participant within their chain. They also responded whether they would vaccinate or not. RESULTS: The experience-based view held by the parent was better transmitted than the medical-based view held by the doctor, while the pro-vaccine and anti-vaccine views were similarly transmitted. Despite all the participants having neutral or positive attitudes towards vaccines in general, 39.1% of them decided not to vaccinate. Nevertheless, vaccination attitude was the strongest predictor of vaccination intention. The less positive participants' attitudes were towards vaccines in general, the less likely they were to vaccinate against dipherpox after exposure to the controversy. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that vaccination campaigns may be made more effective by including personal experiences of the negative consequences of non-vaccination.


Assuntos
Movimento contra Vacinação/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Programas de Imunização/normas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Movimento contra Vacinação/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Imunização/métodos , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação/métodos , Vacinação/psicologia
12.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; 64(6): 536-544, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29972096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International research consistently shows evidence for an association between sensationalised and detailed media reporting, and suicidal behaviour. AIM: This study examined the quality of media reporting of suicide and adherence to media guidelines in Ireland. METHODS: In accordance with the criteria outlined in the media guidelines for reporting suicide, 243 media articles were screened and analysed for quality of reporting of two high-profile cases of suicide and two cases of suicide that became high profile following a period of intense media coverage that occurred between September 2009 and December 2012. RESULTS: A minority of articles breached the media guidelines in relation to sensationalised language (11.8%), placement of reports on the front page of the newspaper (9.5%), publishing of inappropriate photographs (4.2%) and mention of location of suicide (2.4%), while no articles disclosed the contents of a suicide note. However, in the majority of articles analysed, journalists did not refer to appropriate support services for people vulnerable to, and at risk of suicide (75.8%) or mention wider issues that are related to suicidal behaviour (53.8%). Overemphasis of community grief (48.3%) was also common. Nearly all articles (99.2%) breached at least one guideline and 58.9% of articles breached three or more guidelines. CONCLUSION: Overall, adherence to media guidelines on reporting suicide in Ireland improved in certain key areas from September 2009 until December 2012. Nonetheless, important challenges remain. Increased monitoring by media monitoring agencies, regulators and government departments is required. Implementation should be conducted using a pro-active approach and form part of the curriculum of journalists and editors. The inclusion of guidelines for the reporting of suicidal behaviour in press codes of conduct for journalists warrants consideration.


Assuntos
Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Suicídio , Políticas Editoriais , Ética Profissional , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Irlanda , Jornalismo/ética , Jornalismo/normas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/ética , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio/ética , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/psicologia
13.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 41(12): 1359-1364, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29761280

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The review focused on the role that media reporting plays in the level of public awareness about osteoporosis and its influence on osteoporosis treatment decisions. METHODS: We reviewed the literature on the role of media on three main aspects influencing patient adherence to osteoporosis treatment: the awareness of osteoporosis as a major health problem, the perception of the effectiveness of osteoporosis medications, and the fear of adverse effects with osteoporosis medications. RESULTS: A review of the literature confirmed what is routinely observed in clinical practice-that media report can strongly influence the level of awareness of osteoporosis and fracture risk. Inadequate and/or incorrect information on osteoporosis in the media are associated with a low level of awareness of the disease. High-risk patients may have a poor understanding of the need for treatment. Alarming information in the media over the last 2 decades regarding effectiveness and safety of long-term osteoporosis treatment is associated with reduction in the use of osteoporosis medications. CONCLUSIONS: There is a gap between the application of clinical recommendations and patient perceptions of osteoporosis and its treatment. There is a need for better education of patients and practitioners aimed at recognizing the serious consequences of fractures and understanding the expected benefits and potential risks of treatment. Media reports that disseminate evidence-based information on the balance of benefits and risks could help to reduce the osteoporosis treatment gap and mitigate the crisis in osteoporosis care.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/prevenção & controle , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Adesão à Medicação/psicologia , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/psicologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle
15.
Intern Med J ; 48(8): 924-930, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29663620

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate New Zealand media articles on their coverage of key issues regarding health interventions and whether it is consistent with available evidence. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out of all articles published in five New Zealand media sources over a 6-week period between 15 October and 26 November 2014. Articles were included if their primary focus was on health interventions involving medications, devices or in-hospital procedures. Articles were assessed for coverage of key issues using previously validated 10-point criteria. A literature review was performed to compare content with scientific evidence. RESULTS: We identified 30 articles for review. Only 4 of 30 articles covered indications, benefits and risks, and of these, two were consistent with available evidence (7%, 95% CI 1%-22%). For articles that discussed at least one of indications, benefits or risks, and there was corresponding evidence available, there was a high level of consistency with the evidence (89%, 95% CI 77%-95%). The overall mean value of coverage from the 10-point criteria was 51% (95% CI 45%-58%). Single questions regarding the potential harm, costs associated with the intervention and the availability of alternative options were particularly poorly covered. They were rated as 'satisfactory' in 13%, 23% and 33% of the 30 articles respectively. CONCLUSION: New Zealand news articles covering medical treatments and interventions are largely consistent with available evidence but are incomplete. Vital information is being consistently missed, especially around the potential harms and costs of medical interventions.


Assuntos
Intervenção Médica Precoce/tendências , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Intervenção Médica Precoce/normas , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29510591

RESUMO

Public media reports about suicide are likely to influence the population's suicidal attempts and completed suicides. Irresponsible reports might trigger copycat suicidal behaviors, while responsible reports may help reduce suicide rates. The World Health Organization (WHO) released recommendations to encourage responsible suicide reports in 2008. However, little is known about whether these recommendations are reflected in the suicide news for most countries, including China. In this study, we assessed the responsibility of suicide stories published in the most influential newspaper and Internet media sources in China from 2003 to 2015, using the media reporting recommendations by the World Health Organization (WHO). In total, 3965 and 1836 eligible stories from newspaper and Internet-based media, respectively, were included in the study. Newspapers and Internet-based media performed similarly in applying WHO recommendations to report suicide news. Three recommendations were applied in over 88% of suicide stories. However, four recommendations were seldom applied, including offering information about where to seek help and linking the suicide event to mental disorders. Government and the journalism industry should work together to improve media reporting of news about suicide in China.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Tentativa de Suicídio/prevenção & controle , China , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Publicações , Comportamento Social , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio , Organização Mundial da Saúde
17.
Can J Psychiatry ; 63(3): 182-196, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29513631

RESUMO

This paper has been substantially revised by the Canadian Psychiatric Association's Research Committee and approved for republication by the CPA's Board of Directors on May 3, 2017. The original policy paper1 was developed by the Scientific and Research Affairs Standing Committee and approved by the Board of Directors on November 10, 2008.


Assuntos
Guias como Assunto/normas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Psiquiatria/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Suicídio , Canadá , Humanos
18.
Mil Med ; 183(1-2): 11-13, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29401355

RESUMO

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can follow war trauma, sexual abuse, other traumas, and even be experienced by commanders for the PTSD of their subordinates. Medications and counseling are sometimes not effective, so new treatments are needed. Some years ago, I suggested that animal-assisted therapy (AAT) (pet therapy) might be beneficial for PTSD. A large randomized controlled trial is underway of canine-assisted therapy for PTSD. Randomized controlled trials are most useful in assessing the efficacy of a medical intervention as these trials control for known and unknown biases. However, due to their very nature and rigorous requirements, knowledge gained from randomized controlled trials may need to be supplemented from other kinds of studies. Here, I note that media reports of AAT for PTSD may effectively function as case reports and suggest further studies: For PTSD, these demonstrate that (1) AAT can be dramatically effective in improving PTSD symptoms; (2) there is the potential for benefit from AAT by multiple different animals besides canines for PTSD; and (3) AAT may have a role in preventing suicide in patients with PTSD.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais/normas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Adulto , Terapia Assistida por Animais/métodos , Animais , Cães , Humanos , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Psicofarmacologia/métodos , Psicofarmacologia/normas , Psicoterapia/métodos , Psicoterapia/normas , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Veteranos/psicologia
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