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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(11)2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772682

RESUMO

We present a case of a 48-year-old man diagnosed with parasagittal atypical meningioma (AM) involving biparietal bones with intracranial and extracranial extension up to galea aponeurotica of the scalp. The patient underwent Simpson's grade 2 resection (GTR (gross total tumour resection) with coagulation of dural attachment). Currently, in AMs, the role of adjuvant radiotherapy is controversial after GTR. Here, through this case, we have discussed in detail issues related to tumour origin, that is, primary versus secondary extradural meningioma and controversial topics regarding the role of adjuvant radiotherapy in the management of AMs. We have presented our radiation treatment strategy addressing the high-risk zones related to tumour extension in this case.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/radioterapia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Cir Cir ; 89(S1): 66-69, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762625

RESUMO

Meningiomas are the most frequent extra-axial tumors of the nervous system. Multiple meningiomas are defined as the presence of two or more lesions that appear simultaneously or not, in different intracranial location, without association to neurofibromatosis. Each lesion must be evaluated individually for treatment, which consists in microsurgical resection in most cases. A 59-year-old woman presented with neurological symptoms from different anatomical site. Two extra-axial tumors of different location, at right sphenoid wing and the other in the tuberculum sellae were identified. Microsurgical resection was decided in one-step surgery, using the same craniotomy for both lesions with complete resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Craniotomia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This report discusses the utility of a wearable augmented reality platform in neurosurgery for parasagittal and convexity en plaque meningiomas with bone flap removal and custom-made cranioplasty. METHODS: A real patient with en plaque cranial vault meningioma with diffuse and extensive dural involvement, extracranial extension into the calvarium, and homogeneous contrast enhancement on gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MRI, was selected for this case study. A patient-specific manikin was designed starting with the segmentation of the patient's preoperative MRI images to simulate a craniotomy procedure. Surgical planning was performed according to the segmented anatomy, and customized bone flaps were designed accordingly. During the surgical simulation stage, the VOSTARS head-mounted display was used to accurately display the planned craniotomy trajectory over the manikin skull. The precision of the craniotomy was assessed based on the evaluation of previously prepared custom-made bone flaps. RESULTS: A bone flap with a radius 0.5 mm smaller than the radius of an ideal craniotomy fitted perfectly over the performed craniotomy, demonstrating an error of less than ±1 mm in the task execution. The results of this laboratory-based experiment suggest that the proposed augmented reality platform helps in simulating convexity en plaque meningioma resection and custom-made cranioplasty, as carefully planned in the preoperative phase. CONCLUSIONS: Augmented reality head-mounted displays have the potential to be a useful adjunct in tumor surgical resection, cranial vault lesion craniotomy and also skull base surgery, but more study with large series is needed.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Craniotomia , Humanos , Laboratórios , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(10)2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667042

RESUMO

Central nervous system tumours can occasionally present with psychiatric symptoms as the only manifestation and can often pose diagnostic challenges. A man in his early 60s presented to the psychiatry outpatient department with delusional parasitosis. His old age and an episode of urinary and faecal incontinence made the clinician consider neuroimaging at the very first visit itself. He was detected to have a right frontal meningioma with features of intracranial hypertension with midline shift, and he underwent emergency surgery. His delusional symptoms completely resolved after surgery and did not recur during the follow-up period of 2.5 years. A right frontal meningioma presenting as delusional parasitosis has probably not been reported in the literature before, and the case is being reported to highlight the rarity of its presentation, the importance of eliciting a detailed clinical history and the need for early neuroimaging in these cases.


Assuntos
Delírio de Parasitose , Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Delírio de Parasitose/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neuroimagem
5.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 163(12): 3417-3424, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643803

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The patients' burden with asymptomatic meningiomas and patients with good clinical outcome after meningioma resection often remains neglected. In this study, we aimed to investigate the longitudinal changes of psychological distress and quality of life in these patient groups. METHODS: Patients with conservatively managed (CM) or operated (OM) meningiomas and excellent neurological status, who were screened for psychological distress during the follow-up visit (t1), were included. We performed a follow-up mail/telephone-based survey 3-6 months (t2) after t1. Distress was measured using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Distress Thermometer (DT), 36-item Short Form (SF-36), and Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI). RESULTS: Sixty-two patients participated in t1 and 47 in t2. The number of patients reporting increased or borderline values remained high 3 months after initial presentation, with n = 25 (53%) of patients reporting increased anxiety symptom severity and n = 29 (62%) reporting increased depressive symptom severity values. The proportion of distressed patients according to a DT score remained similar after 3 months. Forty-four percent of patients reported significant distress in OM and 33% in CM group. The most common problems among distressed patients were fatigue (t2 75%) and worries (t2 50%), followed by pain, sleep disturbances, sadness, and nervousness. Tumor progress was associated with increased depression scores (OR 6.3 (1.1-36.7)). CONCLUSION: The level of psychological distress in asymptomatic meningiomas and postoperative meningiomas with excellent outcome is high. Further investigations are needed to identify and counsel the patients at risk.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Acta Clin Croat ; 60(1): 156-160, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588738

RESUMO

Intraventricular meningiomas are rare and make up between 0.5% and 3% of all intracranial meningiomas, representing one of the most challenging tumors in neurosurgery due to their difficult location. Being initially asymptomatic, such tumors usually attain large size before clinical presentation and diagnostic detection. Available literature concerned with their surgical management remains scarce. Herein, we present a case of microsurgical resection of incidental intraventricular meningioma in a 32-year-old female patient who was admitted to the hospital due to the sudden loss of consciousness, retrograde amnesia, and nausea following a head trauma. Routine brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed an irregular expansive formation located in the occipital horn of the right lateral ventricle showing heterogeneous contrast enhancement. The patient underwent right-side temporal osteoplastic craniotomy with total tumor microsurgical resection followed by external ventricular drainage, and recovered fully afterwards. Histopathologic analysis of tumor tissue samples confirmed the tumor as meningioma WHO grade I. Postoperative brain computed tomography confirmed complete tumor resection. In conclusion, intraventricular meningiomas are rather rare extra-axial tumors and may present with various symptoms depending on their size and difficult location. The development of most modern neuroimaging methods offers the opportunity of their precise and accurate diagnosis, better surgical planning, and favorable outcome. Microsurgical gross resection utilizing intraoperative neuromonitoring and cutting-edge neurosurgical armamentarium remains the treatment of choice for these location-challenging and surgically demanding, predominantly benign intracranial tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Neuroimagem , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Curr Oncol ; 28(5): 3683-3691, 2021 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590613

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (hSRT) has emerged as an alternative to single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and conventionally fractionated radiotherapy for the treatment of intracranial meningiomas (ICMs). However, there is a need for data showing long-term efficacy and complication rates, particularly for larger tumors in sensitive locations. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on adult patients with ICMs seen at a tertiary care center. Eligible patients were treated with the CyberKnife platform and had a planned treatment course of 3-5 fractions from 2011-2020. The local control was assessed based on radiographic stability and the late toxicity/radionecrosis rates were recorded. Radiographic progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: In total, 62 patients (age 26-87) with 67 treated tumors were included in this study with a median follow-up of 64.7 months. RT was delivered as the primary treatment in 62.7% of cases and for recurrence in 37.3%. The most common tumor locations were the convexity of the brain and the base of the skull. The tumor sizes ranged from 0.1-51.8 cc and the median planning target volume was 4.9 cc. The most common treatment schedule was 18 Gy in 3 fractions. The five-year PFS and OS were 85.2% and 91.0%, respectively. The late grade III/IV toxicity rate was 3.2% and the radionecrosis rate was 4.8%. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our data, hSRT remains an effective modality to treat low-grade ICMs with acceptable long-term toxicity and radionecrosis rates. hSRT should be offered to patients who are not ideal candidates for SRS while preserving the benefits of hypofractionation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Radiocirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/radioterapia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) ; 61(11): 647-651, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470989

RESUMO

The significance of atypical histological features (AHF) as risk factors for recurrence in benign meningioma is not well understood. This study examined risk factors of World Health Organization (WHO) Grade I meningioma (GIM) recurrence, focusing on AHF. We investigated 150 consecutive newly diagnosed GIM patients who had more than one year of follow-up after resection in our hospital between January 2007 and March 2018. The following factors were reviewed retrospectively: age, sex, tumor location, extent of resection, MIB-1 index, mitotic figures, number and distribution of AHF, and recurrence. The patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of recurrence and comparatively examined. Recurrence was observed in 10 cases (6.7%). Univariate analysis showed that patients with recurrence had a significantly higher MIB-1 index (2.0 vs. 4.3; p = 0.006) and a significantly higher proportion of male patients (21.4% vs. 70.0%; p = 0.002) and patients with sheet-like growth (6.42% vs. 30.0%; p = 0.04). In multivariate analysis, skull base location (odds ratio [OR] 31.424; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.74-569), gross total resection (OR 0.130; 95% CI 0.0189-0.897), and MIB-1 index (OR 1.939; 95% CI 1.19-3.15) were significantly associated with recurrence. Our study revealed that skull base location, subtotal resection, and high MIB-1 index were independent risk factors for recurrence. Only the presence of sheet-like growth had a significantly higher incidence in patients with recurrence in univariate analysis of AHF. Multivariate analysis found no significant association. Sheet-like growth may be involved in malignancy and recurrence of benign meningioma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/epidemiologia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Organização Mundial da Saúde
9.
J Clin Neurosci ; 91: 354-364, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373052

RESUMO

Meningiomas are the most common primary intracranial tumors. They have three pathologic grades. Surgical resection aiming Simpson I resection is the standard treatment for meningiomas. Radiotherapy and Gamma Knife radiosurgery are the main adjuvant and salvage treatments. Chemotherapy has limited use. Grade II, and III meningiomas have a higher recurrence rate, and adjuvant radiotherapy is usually the standard treatment for grade III meningiomas but there is not a consensus regarding grade II meningiomas. In this paper, we analyzed our meningioma series of 1401 patients and presented the treatment and follow-up results of 170 grade II meningioma cases. The median follow-up of grade II meningiomas was 61 (range = 1-231) months. The mean age of patients was 52.5 ± 15.0 years, 102 of them were female and 68 were male (female/male ratio = 1.5). The median progression-free survival (PFS) of them was 109 months, and the cumulative overall survival (OS) rate was 85% at 10 years. Meningiomas with gross total resection, non-skull base meningiomas, and primary grade II meningiomas had longer PFS with statistical significance, while non-skull base meningiomas, younger group of patients, and primary grade II meningiomas had longer OS with a statistical significance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/terapia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Organização Mundial da Saúde
10.
Neurosurg Focus ; 51(2): E13, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Despite advancement of surgical techniques, the attachments of petroclival meningiomas near the central clival depression (CCD) remain difficult to visualize. With existing methods, the amount of tumor near the CCD that is inaccessible through various approaches cannot be compared. Tumors distort the brainstem, changing the size of the operative corridor for some but not all approaches; therefore, using cadavers with normal posterior fossae makes it impossible to compare different approaches to the tumor. The authors used virtual reality (VR) models created from the imaging data of patients to compare various surgical approaches that have otherwise been incomparable in previous studies. METHODS: CT and MRI data obtained in 15 patients with petroclival meningiomas were used to create anatomically accurate 3D VR models. For each model, various surgical approaches were performed, and the surgical freedom to 6 targets of the regions were measured. Furthermore, portions of the tumor that were visually blocked by the brainstem or bony structures were segmented and recorded as blinded volumes for comparison. RESULTS: The extended retrosigmoid approach generated excellent exposure of the petroclival region, but for most specimens, there was inaccessible tumor volume adjacent to the brainstem (mean 641.3 mm3, SE 161.8). In contrast, the brainstem sides of the tumors were well-visualized by all the transpetrosal approaches. The blinded volume of the tumor was largest for the retrolabyrinthine approach, and this was statistically significant compared with all other approaches (mean 2381.3 mm3, SE 185.4). CONCLUSIONS: The authors performed a novel laboratory study by using patient CT and MRI data to generate 3D virtual models to compare surgical approaches. Since it is impossible to perform various approaches in separate surgeries in patients for comparison, VR represents a viable alternative for such comparative investigations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio , Realidade Virtual , Fossa Craniana Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Fossa Craniana Posterior/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia
11.
J Neurol Sci ; 428: 117590, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358821

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the progression-free survival benefits of adjuvant radiotherapy (ART) following surgical resection compared to surgery alone in high-grade meningioma patients. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 43 patients with atypical meningiomas, who underwent either radiotherapy post-surgical resection (Surgery+ART) or surgery alone (Surgery alone) at our institution between February 2007 to March 2019. GTR was achieved in 28 patients, and STR, in 11. Patient, meningioma, and treatment data were extracted from records and compared using Kaplan-Meier methodology, log-rank tests, and Cox proportional hazard models. Radiation complications were also evaluated. RESULTS: Overall 32.6% (n = 14) of patients, 6 patients in the Surgery+ART group and 8 in the Surgery alone group, experienced recurrence. In the Surgery+ART group, the median PFS time was 46.5 months (CI: [35.8-50.6]), compared to 24.5 months (CI: [18.3-32.9]) in the Surgery alone group. 2-year PFS for Surgery+ART was 100% vs. 69.0% for Surgery alone, and the 5-year PFS rate was 70.6% and 39.2%, respectively (log-rank p-value = .004). CONCLUSIONS: Our data revealed a significant PFS increase for those treated with adjuvant radiotherapy following surgery compared to surgery alone. Future prospective studies evaluating differing radiation modalities and dosages should be conducted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/radioterapia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Clin Neurosci ; 91: 105-109, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373013

RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggest WHO grade III meningiomas that arise de novo as opposed to dedifferentiating from a lower grade may harbor differing prognoses. To investigate this, a single institution retrospective analysis of prospectively acquired patients between 1999 and 2018 was performed. Clinical data and radiographic parameters were reviewed to calculate progression free survival and overall survival in patients undergoing microsurgical resection. Next generation targeted sequencing of meningioma associated genes was performed on 11 tumors. Eighteen patients were identified as undergoing surgical resection of WHO grade III meningioma. Nine patients (50%) had de novo arising tumors and nine patients had secondary progressive tumors. To compare outcomes, only those patients undergoing gross total resection (Simpson grade I) were included for survival analysis. There was an improvement in median progression free survival for de novo resected tumors as compared to secondary progressive tumors (p = 0.02). Median overall survival for patients with de novo tumors was not statistically improved compared to that of secondary progressive tumors (p = 0.22). Next generation sequencing of targeted genes (NF2, BAP1, TRAF7, KLF4, SMO and AKT) revealed 5/11 tumors containing mutations in the NF2 gene, 2/11 containing BAP1 mutations, and a single tumor containing mutations in both NF2 and TRAF7. More mutations in NF2 and BAP1 were seen in the secondary progressive tumors. In conclusion, patients undergoing gross total resection for de novo arising grade III meningiomas showed improved progression free survival, though similar overall survival, as compared to those patients with secondary progressive tumors. Further studies focused on tumor associated genes and other associated risk factors are needed to improve risk-stratification.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/genética , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/genética , Meningioma/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase , Organização Mundial da Saúde
13.
J Clin Neurosci ; 91: 110-117, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373014

RESUMO

Surgical resection of meningioma leaves residual solid tumour in over 25% of patients. Selection for further treatment and follow-up strategy may benefit from knowledge of volumetric growth and factors associated with re-growth. The aim of this review was to evaluate volumetric growth and variables associated with growth in patients that underwent incomplete resection of a meningioma without the use of adjuvant radiotherapy. A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA statement and registered a priori with PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42020177052). Six databases were searched up to May 2020. Full text articles analysing volumetric growth rates in at least 10 patients who had residual meningioma after surgery were assessed. Four single-centre, retrospective studies totalling 238 patients were included, of which 99% of meningioma were WHO grade 1. The absolute tumour growth rate ranged from 0.09 to 4.94 cm3 per year. The relative growth rate ranged from 5.11 to 14.18% per year. Varying methods of volumetric assessment and definitions of growth impeded pooled analysis. Pre-operative and residual tumour volume, and hyperintensity on T2 weighted MRI were identified as variables associated with residual meningioma growth, however this was inconsistent across studies. Risk of bias was high in all studies. Radiological regrowth occurred in 42-67% of cases. Our review identified that volumetric growth of residual meningioma is scarcely reported. Sufficiently powered studies are required to delineate volumetric growth and prognostic factors to stratify management.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
14.
J Clin Neurosci ; 91: 219-225, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373031

RESUMO

Meningiomas are the most common primary intracranial tumors. They have three pathologic grades. Surgical resection aiming Simpson I resection is the standard treatment for meningiomas. Radiotherapy and Gamma Knife radiosurgery are the main adjuvant and salvage treatments. Chemotherapy has limited use. Grade II, and III meningiomas have a higher recurrence rate, and adjuvant radiotherapy is usually the standard treatment for grade III meningiomas. In this paper, we analyzed our meningioma series of 1401 patients and presented the treatment and follow-up results of 26 grade III meningioma cases. Median follow-up of grade III meningiomas was 40.5 (range, 1-154) months. The mean age of patients was 51.7 ± 15.7 years; 12 of them were female and 14 were male (female/male ratio = 0.9). The median progression-free survival (PFS) of them was 22 months, and overall survival (OS) was 62 months. Meningiomas with gross total resection (GTR), non-skull base meningiomas, and primary grade III meningiomas had longer PFS, while meningiomas with GTR, non-skull base meningiomas, and primary meningiomas had longer OS with a statistical significance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Organização Mundial da Saúde
15.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 163(12): 3425-3431, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The surgical treatment of giant olfactory groove meningiomas (OGMs) with marked perilesional brain oedema is still a surgical challenge. After tumour resection, increase of brain oedema may occur causing dramatic neurological deterioration and even death of the patient. The objective of this paper is to describe surgical features of a two-step staged resection of these tumours performed to counter increase of postoperative brain oedema. METHODS: This two-step staged resection procedure was carried out in a consecutive series of 19 patients harbouring giant OGMs. As first step, a bifrontal craniectomy was performed followed by a right-sided interhemispherical approach. About 80% of the tumour mass was resected leaving behind a shell-shaped tumour remnant. In the second step, carried out after the patients' recovery from the first surgery and decline of oedema, the remaining part of the tumour was removed completely followed by duro- and cranioplasty. RESULTS: Ten patients recovered quickly from first surgery and the second operation was performed after a mean of 12.4 days. In eight patients, the second operation was carried out later between day 25 and 68 due to surgery-related complications, development of a trigeminal zoster, or to a persisting frontal brain oedema. Mean follow-up was 49.3 months and all but one patient had a good outcome regardless of surgery-related complications. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that a two-step staged resection of giant OGMs minimizes the increase of postoperative brain oedema as far as possible and translates into lower morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Craniotomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 163(12): 3387-3400, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal management of clinoidal meningiomas (CMs) continues to be debated. METHODS: We constituted a task force comprising the members of the EANS skull base committee along with international experts to derive recommendations for the management of these tumors. The data from the literature along with contemporary practice patterns were discussed within the task force to generate consensual recommendations. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: This article represents the consensus opinion of the task force regarding pre-operative evaluations, patient's counselling, surgical classification, and optimal surgical strategy. Although this analysis yielded only Class B evidence and expert opinions, it should guide practitioners in the management of patients with clinoidal meningiomas and might form the basis for future clinical trials.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Consenso , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Base do Crânio
17.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433535

RESUMO

A rare cause of olfactory impairment is olfactory groove meningiomas with insidious onset of non-specific symptoms like headache, olfactory dysfunction, psychiatric symptoms such as depression, personality changes, declining cognitive function, visual disturbances or seizures. A common complication of surgery is loss of olfactory function. Still, the preservation of olfactory function should be attempted as olfactory loss often has a severe negative impact on quality of life. This report describes a woman with an olfactory groove meningioma and a 10-year history of olfactory impairment. It includes preoperatively and postoperatively extended olfactory testing, a neurosurgical approach to preserve the olfactory function and postoperative olfactory rehabilitation. After rehabilitation, the patient regained a normal olfactory function, even though the right-sided olfactory nerve could not be preserved during surgery. The case demonstrates the importance of performing neuroimaging in selected patients with olfactory loss and a method for preserving and potentially improving postoperative olfactory function.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Transtornos do Olfato , Anosmia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/complicações , Meningioma/cirurgia , Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida
18.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426424

RESUMO

Arachnoid cysts are CSF-containing entities that rarely are symptomatic or warrant neurosurgical intervention. In addition, infection of these lesions is an even rarer event, with only four reports in the literature capturing this. In this report, we present the case of a 79-year-old man presenting with paraparesis, secondary to a right parasagittal meningioma, with an incidental asymptomatic right sylvian arachnoid cyst (Galassi type II). The initially planned surgery was postponed for 3 months, due to COVID-19 restrictions, and he was kept on high dose of steroids. Following tumour resection, the patient developed bilateral subdural empyemas with involvement of the arachnoid cyst, requiring bilateral craniotomies for evacuation of the empyemas and drainage of the arachnoid cyst. Suppuration of central nervous system arachnoid cysts is a very rare complication following cranial surgery with the main working hypotheses including direct inoculation from surrounding inflamed meninges or haematogenous spread secondary to systemic bacteraemia, potentiated by steroid-induced immunosuppression. Even though being a rarity, infection of arachnoid cysts should be considered in immunosuppressed patients in the presence of risk factors such as previous craniotomy.


Assuntos
Cistos Aracnóideos , Craniotomia , Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Idoso , Cistos Aracnóideos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistos Aracnóideos/cirurgia , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia
19.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 21(4): 225-234, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Petroclival meningiomas (PCM) represent a neurosurgical challenge due to their strategic location close to the brainstem. OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of a retrosigmoid approach (RSA) by analyzing the degree of displacement of the middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP) elicited by PCM. METHODS: Patients with PCM were prospectively included and divided into those whose imaging studies showed that the posterior end of the MCP was displaced by the tumor and were eligible for and underwent RSA (group A) and those who were not eligible for RSA and who underwent surgery via a posterior transpetrosal approach (group B). We compared tumor behavior, clinical characteristic of patients and surgical results. RESULTS: Twenty patients with PCM were enrolled and allocated to group A (n = 15) or group B (n = 5). The clinical manifestations were more severe in group B; tumors in this group were larger and gross total removal was achieved in only 1 patient (20%). In comparison, in 12 cases on group A, tumors could be totally removed (80%) and all of these patients could recover their quality of life after surgery. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this study is the first to consider displacement of the MCP when establishing a suitable surgical approach for PCM. Our results suggest that the RSA becomes increasingly suitable when peduncle displacement is greater. By using this method, it was also possible to identify two types of tumors: petroclivals (group A) and clivopetrosals (group B), that show some specific clinical and surgical differences.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Fossa Craniana Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Fossa Craniana Posterior/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 21(4): E338-E339, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195839

RESUMO

Olfactory groove meningiomas frequently present as large or giant-size tumors associated with marked frontal lobe edema and significant frontal lobe dysfunction. Simpson grade I removal was rare in early reports due to their invasion of the ethmoid sinuses and skull base bone,1 which resulted in high recurrence rates.2,3 Indeed, recurrence occurred in the most celebrated case of olfactory groove meningioma.4,5 To achieve Simpson grade I removal (tumor, dura, bone), protect the frontal lobes from additional injury, and provide the best chance for recovery, we demonstrate a few nuances for olfactory groove meningioma surgery: Utilizing a skull base approach with a low dural opening, the frontal veins are preserved, and the frontal lobe is protected from retraction, manipulation, and venous injury. By the time of diagnosis, although the patient's olfaction is often absent, there still remains a role to preserve at least 1 olfactory tract, which might yield some preservation in a limited number of patients. Emphasis has been rightly made on the preservation of the A2 segments, which can be dissected using microsurgical technique. Lastly, multilayer reconstruction of the skull base is required, using an inlay graft, resting on a vascularized pericranial flap, and occlusion of the sinuses with a fat graft. The endonasal endoscopic approach has fallen out of favor due to limitations for complete tumor resection and higher complication rates.6 We present a case of a relatively small olfactory groove meningioma in a 36-yr-old male with partial olfactory loss. The patient consented for surgery. Images at 2:07, 2:29, and 2:54 from Al-Mefty O, Operative Atlas of Meningiomas, © LWW, 1997, with permission. Image at 8:31 public domain by age.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nariz , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Base do Crânio/cirurgia
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