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1.
Brain Nerve ; 72(10): 1105-1111, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051400

RESUMO

Meningioma and glioma represent two common primary intracranial tumors. However, the coexistence of these two lesions in the same patient at the same location is rare. Here, we present a case of a fibroblastic meningioma with a secondary glioblastoma occurring at the same location. A 67-year-old woman underwent surgery for a left frontal parasagittal meningioma, and the tumor was subtotally removed. Two years and 11 months after the surgery, the patient had a tumor at the same location with invasion into the adjacent brain, suggesting recurrent meningioma with malignant transformation. The resected tumor was confirmed histopathologically as a glioblastoma. Genetic analysis revealed that the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 genes were wild type, and the TERT promoter mutation was detected. The gene analysis suggests that the tumor was a de novo glioblastoma, not a secondary glioblastoma from a lower-grade glioma. (Received April 9, 2020; Accepted May 27, 2020; Published October 1, 2020).


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Feminino , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia
2.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238387, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870937

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anticoagulation (AC) is a critical topic in perioperative and post-bleeding management. Nevertheless, there is a lack of data about the safe, judicious use of prophylactic and therapeutic anticoagulation with regard to risk factors and the cause and modality of brain tissue damage as well as unfavorable outcomes such as postoperative hemorrhage (PH) and thromboembolic events (TE) in neurosurgical patients. We therefore present retrospective data on perioperative anticoagulation in meningioma surgery. METHODS: Data of 286 patients undergoing meningioma surgery between 2006 and 2018 were analyzed. We followed up on anticoagulation management, doses and time points of first application, laboratory values, and adverse events such as PH and TE. Pre-existing medication and hemostatic conditions were evaluated. The time course of patients was measured as overall survival, readmission within 30 days after surgery, as well as Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) and modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Statistical analysis was performed using multivariate regression. RESULTS: We carried out AC with Fraxiparin and, starting in 2015, Tinzaparin in weight-adapted recommended prophylactic doses. Delayed (216 ± 228h) AC was associated with a significantly increased rate of TE (p = 0.026). Early (29 ± 21.9h) prophylactic AC, on the other hand, did not increase the risk of PH. We identified additional risk factors for PH, such as blood pressure maxima, steroid treatment, and increased white blood cell count. Patients' outcome was affected more adversely by TE than PH (+3 points in modified Rankin Scale in TE vs. +1 point in PH, p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Early prophylactic AC is not associated with an increased rate of PH. The risks of TE seem to outweigh those of PH. Early postoperative prophylactic AC in patients undergoing intracranial meningioma resection should be considered.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/etiologia
3.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759928

RESUMO

Combination of meningioma and glioblastoma within the same anatomical region is casuistry. We found only 13 case reports in the available literature. Some of the authors reported induced nature of the second tumor, i.e. development under the influence of the primary neoplasm. We report a patient with glioblastoma of the right frontoparietotemporal region in 3 years after previous resection of benign right-sided meningioma of sphenoid wings. Mathematical analysis of the discovered pattern resulted conclusion about its random nature, i.e. no causal relationship between both neoplasms.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Humanos , Osso Esfenoide
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21197, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664165

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Preoperative embolization of brain tumors has been widely used to minimize hemorrhaging during surgery, but anastomosis between vessels is sometimes overlooked and complications can occur. Herein we describe a case of rare complications of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and posterior ciliary artery occlusion after embolization of the middle meningeal artery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 48-year-old woman experienced acute, painless loss of vision in her left eye during embolization of the middle meningeal artery for meningioma. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with CRAO and posterior ciliary artery occlusion based on indirect ophthalmoscopy, optical computed tomography of the macula, and fundus angiography. INTERVENTIONS: Ocular massage, oral acetazolamide, and topical brimonidine eyedrops were administered. OUTCOMES: Visual acuity decreased from hand motion to no light perception within 2 months. Optic disc atrophy with retinal thinning was evident after 2 to 4 months. LESSONS: The blood supply and any collateral vessels of the ophthalmic artery should be vigilantly scrutinized to prevent complications during embolization of the middle meningeal artery that may lead to a poor visual outcome.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Oclusão da Artéria Retiniana/etiologia , Artérias Ciliares , Feminino , Humanos , Artérias Meníngeas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Turk Neurosurg ; 30(4): 632-635, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672344

RESUMO

Spinal meningiomas are rare in the lumbosacral region. The best solution is complete tumor resection. However, how to preserve the patient?s rectum/bladder function after en bloc resection is still a considerable challenge, even without spinopelvic reconstruction. The use of the three-dimensional (3D) printing technique may simplify it. The final step after restoration is the establishment of rigid fixation. The purpose of this article was to present a case of lumbosacral meningiomas treated by en bloc resection, 3D-printed prosthesis reconstruction, and fixation with pedicle screws and cortical bone trajectory screws. A 35-year-old woman has suffered from lumbosacral and two legs pain for two months. During the previous month, she limped, and her strength was 4/5 in both legs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed space-occupying lesions from the lumbar 5 (L5) to sacral 3 (S3) vertebral bodies. The previous biopsy confirmed the lesions were spinal meningiomas. The patient underwent an en bloc resection followed by 3D-printed prosthesis reconstruction and internal fixation with a novel technique. The surgery was successful, and the patient recovered well postoperatively according to follow-up examination. En bloc resection of L5-S3 meningiomas without rectum/bladder function sacrifice is a feasible procedure, and 3D-printed prosthesis provides an alternative method for the reconstruction of the spinopelvic ring. The rigid fixation construct using the novel four-rod technique could develop strong bony fusion.


Assuntos
Fixadores Internos , Região Lombossacral/cirurgia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto , Prótese Ancorada no Osso , Feminino , Humanos , Região Lombossacral/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Reto/diagnóstico por imagem , Reto/patologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649813

RESUMO

Meningiomas are rare in children and distinguished from the tumors in adults by clinical and biological aspects. Moreover, some histological forms and localizations are even casuistic in adults. There were 178 patients younger 18 years old with brain tumors. All patients underwent surgery at the pediatric department for 5-year period. Meningiomas were diagnosed in 5 cases that accounted for 2.8% of the total number of brain tumors in children. The authors reported children with intracranial meningiomas and discussed certain features of the course of disease in these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos
9.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649815

RESUMO

RATIONALE: When removing the meningiomas of the sellar region, there is always a risk of visual impairment for various reasons, in particular, as a result of traction damage to the optic nerve. Decompression of the optic canal increases nerve mobility during tumor manipulation. In cases of meningioma growing into the canal, its decompression often seems necessary. AIM: Evaluation of the effectiveness and risks of performing decompression of the optic canal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included patients with meningiomas of the parasellar location, who underwent surgical treatment at the Burdenko Neurosurgical Center for the period from 2001 to 2017. They were divided into two groups - main and control. The main group consisted of 129 patients who underwent decompression of the optic nerve canals when the tumor was removed. The tumor matrix in this group was most often located in the region of the tuberum sellae, supradiaphragmally, in the region of the anterior clinoid process and the optic canal. In 31 cases, decompression was bilateral - during one operation and using one access in 27 patients; in 4 cases, the decompression of the second canal was delayed for 1.5-3 months after the first operation. 160 decompressions were performed by the intradural and 7 - by extradural methods. During intradural decompression, the roof of the optic canal was resected, and during extradural decompression, the lateral wall of the canal was trephined. The control group consisted of 308 patients who did not undergo canal decompression when the tumor was removed. It included meningiomas with a predominant location of the matrix in the area of the tuberclum and diaphragm of the sella. Tumors in both groups were removed according to the same principles (matrix coagulation, mainly the gradual removal of the tumor, the use of ultrasonic aspirator, a situational decision on the radicality of the operation, etc.). The main difference between operations in these two groups was only canal related algorithms (with or without its trepanation), as well as the probable prevalence of significant lateral tumor growth in cases with canal trepanation. Visual functions in the «primary¼ group were evaluated before and after operations with trepanation of the canal depending on various factors - the initial state of vision and the radicality of the tumor excision, including removal from the canal. The differences in the postoperative dynamics of vision in the main and control groups were studied. The primary data processing was carried out using the program MSExcel. Secondary statistical processing was carried out using the program Statistica. To assess the statistical significance of differences in the results obtained in the compared patient groups, the Chi-square test was used, and in the case of small groups - the exact Fisher test was applied. RESULTS: In the main group postoperative vision improvement of varying degrees on the side of trepanation was registered in 36.9% (59 out of 160) cases, no vision changes were found in 36.9% (59 out of 160), and in 26,2% (42 out of 160) the eyesight deteriorated. If preserving vision is attributed to a satisfactory result, then in general the results of these operations should be considered good. A comparative study of the results of removal of meningiomas with trepanation of the canals (main group) or without it (control group) was carried out among patients with the most critical vision situation (visual acuity 0.1 and below, up to only light perception). These groups are comparable in the number of observations - 62 and 73 respectively. The predominance of cases with improved vision in the main group compared with the control group (50.0% versus 38.36%) and a lower incidence of vision impairment (22.58% versus 34.25%) were found. However, the revealed differences are statistically unreliable and make it possible for us to talk only about the trend. The complications associated with trepanation of the canal include mechanical damage to the nerve by the drill. In our series of observations, there was only 1 case of abrasion of the nerve surface with the burr, which did not lead to a significant visual impairment. With the intradural method of trepanation in the area of the medial wall of the canal, the sphenoid sinus may open (in our series, in 34 cases out of 160 trepanations). Immediately closure of these defects was performed by various auto- and allomaterials in various combinations (pericranium, fascia, muscle fragment, hemostatic materials, and fibrin-thrombin glue). A true complication - CSF rhinorrhea liquorrhea developed in only one case, which required transnasal plastic surgery of the CSF fistula using a mucoperiostal flap. CONCLUSIONS: 1. Trepanation of the optic canal in cases of meningiomas of parasellar localization is a relatively safe procedure in the hands of a trained neurosurgeon and does not worsen the results of operations compared with the excision of the same tumors without trepanation of the canal. 2. The literature data and the results of our study make it possible to consider the decompression of the optic canal as an optional, but in many cases, useful option that facilitates the transcranial removal of some meningiomas of the sellar region.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Humanos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Nervo Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Osso Esfenoide/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(25): e20814, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569229

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Spinal meningioma is the second most common spinal neoplasm that commonly occurs in middle-aged women. As a rare histological variation of meningioma, completely ossified meningioma (OSM) and its standard surgical strategies have been reported. However, the surgical outcomes of elderly OSM cases (age >70) are less investigated. Herein, we intend to present an elderly OSM case and review the elderly OSM cases in published literatures. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 85-year-old female presented with 10-year history of back pain and developed radiating pain on her left lower extremity within the last 2 weeks. DIAGNOSES: A magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed an intradural tumor at the T11 level. A computed tomography scan demonstrated that the mass was completely ossified and had distinct borders (D-F). In a dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging scan, the mass presented as a lateral intradural extramedullary tumor with abundant blood supply (). INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent en bloc intradural tumorectomy via posterior approach. OUTCOMES: After surgery, the patient's pain was relieved. However, the patient spent another 3 weeks in hospital due to a series of post-surgery complications, including hypostatic pneumonia, pulmonary heart failure, hydrothorax in both thoracic cavities, hypoproteinemia, and deep venous thrombosis on both of her legs. The complications recovered after 3-weeks treatment. In 1-year follow up, no additional symptom was found and the patient was recurrence free. LESSONS: Our report indicated that the surgical outcome can be satisfying in elderly OSM patients, while the post-operative complications frequently occur due to the poor physical condition of elderly patients. As a result, treatment of peri-operative complications of elderly OSM patients also deserves greater attention along with surgical resection.


Assuntos
Meningioma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/patologia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Ossificação Heterotópica/diagnóstico , Ossificação Heterotópica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossificação Heterotópica/patologia , Ossificação Heterotópica/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/patologia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 225, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive function of patients over 60 years old with meningioma using a domain-specific neuropsychological test and to investigate the relevant factors affecting pre-operative cognitive decline in different subdomains. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 46 intracranial meningioma patients between the ages of 60 and 85 years. All patients underwent brain MRI and neuropsychological test. Tumor size, location, peritumoral edema, and medial temporal atrophy (MTA) were examined to determine the association with cognitive impairment. We performed a logistic regression analysis to examine the odds ratios (ORs) for cognitive decline of four subdomains: verbal memory, language, visuospatial, and executive functions. RESULTS: Tumor size and age were associated with executive dysfunction (OR 1.083, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.006-1.166, and OR 1.209, 95% CI 1.018-1.436, respectively). There was no statistically significant association in other cognitive domains (language, verbal memory, and visuospatial function) with variables in regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that tumor size and age are positively related with executive function in pre-operative meningioma patients over 60 years old.


Assuntos
Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atrofia , Função Executiva , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Memória , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
World Neurosurg ; 139: 535-547, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric meningiomas account for less than 2% of pediatric brain tumors. Pediatric clear cell meningiomas (CCMs) occurring in the posterior fossa are particularly rare. Therapeutic strategies differ among the previous pediatric CCM case reports. Therefore, to clarify the clinical features of pediatric CCMs, we report a rare case of dumbbell-type pediatric CCM and a corresponding literature review. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 7-year-old boy with complaints of headache, left facial palsy, dysarthria, and left-sided ataxic gait was emergently admitted to our hospital. His consciousness level was slight stupor, with Glasgow Coma Scale score 3-5-6, and he showed left ptosis, dysarthria, and ataxias of the left trunk and extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan showed acute obstructive hydrocephalus because of the tumor's compression of the brainstem. The dumbbell-shaped tumor extended from the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus, through the left Meckel's cave, to the cerebellopontine angle. Physical examination and perioperative MRI scan showed no evidence regarding neurofibromatosis type I or II. The tumor was removed in a 2-staged operation. Postoperative proton therapy was done to treat some residual tumors. One year after postoperative proton therapy, there is no recurrence, and apart from left corneal and facial hypesthesia, he is healthy. CONCLUSIONS: We reported a rare case of pediatric skull base-type CCM with huge extension originating from the anteromedial wall of Meckel's cave firmly adhered to the cavernous sinus wall to the posterior fossa that was successfully treated with surgery and postoperative proton therapy. CCM has a high recurrence rate; therefore, careful prolonged follow-up is needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Seio Cavernoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Cavernoso/cirurgia , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Masculino
14.
World Neurosurg ; 139: e761-e768, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia caused by small (<3 cm) skull base meningiomas is treated by radiosurgery or surgical resection. Although radiosurgery is less invasive, surgical resection provides more rapid resolution of symptoms. We reviewed a short series of patients who underwent an anterior transpetrosal approach for surgical resection of meningiomas causing trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: A retrospective review of 5 consecutive patients with meningiomas causing trigeminal neuralgia of the senior author was included. Preoperative parameters (size, proximity to critical neurovascular structures, presence of brainstem compression), intraoperative parameters (Simpson grade of resection, loss of brainstem evoked potentials, surgical approach), and outcomes (symptom resolution, extent of resection, follow-up) were recorded. RESULTS: Patient median age was 67 years (range, 60-73 years). All patients had symptoms concerning trigeminal neuralgia with 2 having associated areas of facial numbness. The anterior transpetrosal approach was used to achieve complete resection (Simpson grade I). Postresection, the trigeminal nerve and brainstem were clearly visible to evaluate neurovascular structures and ensure decompression. No postoperative complications were reported, and all patients experienced sustained symptomatic relief 1 month postsurgery. CONCLUSIONS: With the advent of radiosurgery for skull base meningiomas, surgical resection is not always considered; however, such meningiomas causing trigeminal neuralgia can be resected safely using the anterior transpetrosal approach allowing rapid resolution of symptoms. This review of operative nuances provides a guide for neurosurgeons to provide safe surgical resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/etiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/complicações , Meningioma/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/complicações
15.
J Clin Neurosci ; 77: 62-66, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Space-occupying spinal meningiomas (SM), commonly diagnosed due to gradual neurological deterioration, are treated surgically by decompression and tumor resection. In this series of patients with surgically treated SM, we determined individual predictors of functional outcome in the context of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IOM). METHODS: This retrospective study included 45 patients (39 women, 6 men; mean age 63 years). We reviewed pre- and postoperative charts, surgical reports, radiographic data for demographics, use of IOM, duration of symptoms, histopathology, co-morbidities, radiographic extension, surgical strategy, neurological performance (Japanese Orthopedic Association Score [JOA score]. Median follow-up was 34 months (12-190 months). RESULTS: Most frequent surgical approaches were laminectomy (71.1%, n = 32) and hemi-laminectomy (28.9%, n = 13). Predominant SM site was the thoracic spine (55.6%, n = 25). Most common symptoms were sensory deficits (77.8%, n = 35), gait disorders (55.6%, n = 25), motor deficits (42.2%, n = 19), and radiating pain (37.8%, n = 17). Simpson grade 1 resection was achieved in 6 patients, most common type of resection was Simpson grade 2 in 36 patients. During follow-up, 80.0% of patients had fully recovered sensory deficits (p < 0.001), 76.0% of patients with preoperative gait disorders had been asymptomatic (p < 0.001), and motor deficits in 12/19 (63.1%). Pain had decreased significantly from admission to follow-up (p = 0.001). IOM was used in 20 (44.4%) patients. Postoperatively, 6(13.3%) patients had developed a new neurological deficit, 4 of them operated without IOM. CONCLUSION: Resection of SM with IOM showed good recovery, excellent functional results with low surgical morbidity.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/tendências , Laminectomia/tendências , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Laminectomia/métodos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico , Meningioma/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/tendências , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Clin Neurosci ; 77: 168-174, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360158

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to more fully understand the optimal neurosurgical strategy for spinal benign meningiomas from a medium to long-term perspective. This retrospective study included a cohort of 35 patients with a diagnosis of spinal meningioma who were first operated at our institute over the past 10 years and followed-up for at least 2 years after surgery. The inclusion criterion for the study was the pathological diagnosis finally verified as benign meningioma of World Health Organization (WHO) grade 1. The average follow-up duration after surgery was 61.0 months. The location of the spinal meningioma was classified into ventral or dorsal type based on the operative video record and the preoperative MR images. The extent of resection of the spinal meningioma was carefully determined based on the Simpson grade. The average neurological condition was significantly improved at the final follow-up. Simpson grade I or II resection was achieved in 31 of 35 cases (88.6%). No Simpson grade I or II cases showed local recurrence during follow-up. Tumor recurrence was noted in 2 of 4 cases of Simpson grade IV resection. One case has been followed-up without any re-operation because of no neurological deterioration, and the other case underwent stereotactic radiosurgery. This study suggested that meticulous Simpson grade II resection of spinal benign meningiomas of WHO grade 1 may be good enough from a medium to long-term follow-up perspective, though longer follow-up is absolutely necessary.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/patologia , Meningioma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
World Neurosurg ; 140: 192, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389864

RESUMO

A 79-year-old woman presented to the emergency department following multiple falls in the previous week. Her past medical history was unremarkable except for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. She was neurologically intact on arrival with normal laboratory data. Brain imaging revealed a right-sided sphenoid wing meningioma with considerable edema around it. Owing to her cognitive decline and recent symptoms, it was decided to proceed with surgical resection of the lesion. Considering her age and underlying disease, we planned to avoid probable complications of an aggressive resection. She underwent preoperative transarterial embolization with particles. In the supine position, a right pterional craniotomy with orbital extension was performed followed by tumor resection under microscopic magnification. One of the branches of the middle cerebral artery was engulfed by the tumor and could not be separated; therefore, the artery was cut to resect the tumor and then mobilized and reanastomosed under microscope. Doppler probe confirmed patency of the anastomosis. The patient recovered well from the surgery, experienced an uneventful hospital stay, and was discharged on postoperative day 10 after completely controlling her chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Postoperative imaging did not show any signs of infarction, and the revascularized artery was patent on postoperative computed tomography angiography (Video 1).


Assuntos
Revascularização Cerebral/métodos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Idoso , Craniotomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuroimagem/métodos
18.
World Neurosurg ; 140: 162-165, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paraplegia after lumbar spinal surgery has been previously described. It was generally provoked by a missed thoracic compression because of degenerative processes, arachnoid cyst, and spinal cord tumor such as meningioma. We describe here a case of a patient with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF-2) with multiple spinal meningiomas that developed postoperative paraplegia because of decompensation of spinal cord compression below and far from the operated level. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old woman with NF-2 was followed-up for multiple spinal meningiomas (C7-T1, T6-7, T9-10 levels). Surgery for the symptomatic and larger lesion (C7-T1) was scheduled. Postoperatively, the patient was found to have paraplegia with sensor anesthesia below the level of the T6 vertebra. An urgent spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan was performed revealing the absence of complication at the operated level (C7-T1) but the appearance of a marked intramedullary hyperintensity at the T6-7 level. An urgent T6-7 laminectomy and removal of the meningioma was performed. The postoperative phase was marked by a poor recuperation. Spinal MRI scan at 3 months clearly showed a severely injured spinal cord at the T6-7 level consistent with the neurologic status of the patient. CONCLUSIONS: We report here the first case of acute neurologic deterioration after decompensation of a spinal cord compression below the operated level in spinal intradural surgery. Neurosurgeons must be aware of this possible complication when treating patients with multiple spinal meningiomas.


Assuntos
Meningioma/cirurgia , Neurofibromatose 2/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Paraplegia/etiologia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Laminectomia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paraplegia/diagnóstico por imagem , Paraplegia/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
19.
J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg ; 81(4): 310-317, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical examination, including pre- and postoperative assessment of olfaction, is essential in evaluating surgical outcomes in patients with olfactory groove meningiomas (OGMs). A review of a recent series revealed a lack of assessment of olfaction in most of the studies. Tests determining olfactory detection should be used to reveal olfactory dysfunction. Specialized examination techniques (e.g., electro-olfactography, olfactory evoked potentials, and functional magnetic resonance imaging) are currently used in research. METHODS: Prospective analysis of 13 patients who underwent surgical resection of OGMs from December 2013 to December 2017 was performed. Data on clinical presentation, pre- and postoperative neurologic examinations, complications, recurrences, adjuvant treatment, and follow-up outpatient examinations were recorded. Olfactory function was assessed using the Sniffin' Sticks odor identification test preoperatively, postoperatively, and 1 year after surgery. RESULTS: All the meningiomas were resected via unilateral craniotomy, and gross total resection was achieved in all cases. Surgery-related permanent morbidity was 7.7% and overall mortality 0%. For the eight patients with preoperative normosmia, five remained normosmic (62.5%), one deteriorated to hyposmia (12.5%), and two deteriorated to anosmia (25%). For the two patients with preoperative hyposmia, one remained hyposmic and one deteriorated to anosmia. For the three anosmic patients, two remained anosmic, and one improved to hyposmia.The intact olfactory function preoperatively was associated with a better olfactory outcome. Overall, 62.5% of these patients remained normosmic, and none of the hyposmic or anosmic patients normalized their olfaction.Higher meningioma volume is associated with worse olfactory function before surgery (normosmia in 16.7% versus 100.0% in less voluminous) and following the surgery (normosmia in 16.7% versus 57.1% less voluminous).The unilateral surgical approach enabled the anatomical preservation of the contralateral olfactory nerve in 76.9% of our patients. Functional normosmia was achieved in 50% and hyposmia in 30% of these cases. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of olfactory function is both vital in preoperative decision making (surgical approach, radicality of resection) and when evaluating surgical outcome. Preoperative normosmia seems to be the most important prognostic factor for functional olfactory outcome. In normosmic patients the olfaction was preserved in 62.5% of cases. Moreover, higher meningioma volume is associated with worse olfactory function before and following the surgery. The greatest advantage of the unilateral surgical approach is anatomical preservation of the contralateral olfactory nerve with a satisfactory functional outcome. These results support a proactive approach, with early surgical resection using a unilateral approach even in cases with less voluminous OGMs that enables the preservation of olfactory function in a significant proportion of patients.


Assuntos
Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/fisiopatologia , Meningioma/fisiopatologia , Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia , Olfato/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos do Olfato/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Surg Technol Int ; 36: 159-177, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243562

RESUMO

Status epilepticus during the post-operative period is a rare complication for neurosurgery patients. Acute encephalopathic syndromes can present a diagnostic challenge due to the wide range of possible etiologies, and can also have vastly different outcomes. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a rare neurological disorder, usually associated with specific medical conditions, that causes a disturbance of CNS homeostasis, while cortical laminar necrosis (CLN) is an unusual type of infarction characterized by selective necrosis of the cerebral cortex with sparing of the white matter. We present a 45-year-old woman who was operated on for left frontal lesion with radiological features compatible with anterior falx meningioma. Postoperative clinical and electroencephalographic data were compatible with non-convulsive status epilepticus originating from the occipito-mesial area. MRI showed bilateral diffuse temporo-occipital abnormally bright cortex as a consequence of neuronal apoptosis compatible with laminar cortical necrosis, and clinical examination revealed persistent cortical blindness. The pathogenesis of encephalopathic syndromes is still unclear. Non-convulsive status epilepticus should be considered as a possible cause of late recovery of consciousness in neurosurgery patients. Delayed treatment may cause irreversible lesions, including in brain areas far from the surgical field.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Estado Epiléptico , Córtex Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose/etiologia , Síndrome da Leucoencefalopatia Posterior , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
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