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2.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 63(4): 492-499, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39004475

RESUMO

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonist (GnRH-a) and levonorgestrel releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) are conventional conservative treatments for adenomyosis, and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a novel ablation technique. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of HIFU combined with GnRH-a or LNG-IUS for adenomyosis patients. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Scopus databases were searched up to December 2021. Published studies comparing HIFU plus GnRH-a with HIFU plus LNG-IUS in adenomyosis patients were assessed for eligibility by two independent authors. Risk of bias tool was utilized for risk evaluation. We selected treatment effective rate of dysmenorrhea (pain during menstruation) as the primary outcome; effective rate of menorrhagia severity and reduction rate of adenomyotic lesion as the secondary outcomes. Adverse effects were assessed. Four studies with a total 729 patients were enrolled in the meta-analysis. HIFU plus LNG-IUS showed lower dysmenorrhea [within 6 months: risk ratio (RR) 0.88, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.83-0.93, p < 0.00001; over 1 year: RR 0.73, 95% CI 0.65-0.82, p < 0.00001] and less menorrhagia severity (RR 0.63, 95% CI 0.60-0.66, p < 0.00001) than HIFU plus GnRH-a. Both groups demonstrated equal efficacy in adenomyotic lesion reduction rate (RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.97-1.09, p = 0.30). Adverse effects happened equally in both groups. Combination therapy of HIFU and LNG-IUS revealed better effectiveness in treating dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia than that of HIFU and GnRH-a. However, interpreting the conclusion should be approached with caution as a result of significant heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade , Dispositivos Intrauterinos Medicados , Levanogestrel , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Adenomiose/terapia , Adenomiose/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Combinada , Dismenorreia/terapia , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Levanogestrel/administração & dosagem , Menorragia/terapia , Menorragia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; 44(1): 2372645, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38943550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined the improvement of dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia after uterine artery embolisation (UAE) in women with symptomatic adenomyosis and identified factors that could predict the improvement of dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia. METHODS: This retrospective study included women with adenomyosis who underwent bilateral UAE between December 2014 and December 2016. The percentage of the volume of the absence of contrast enhancement on T1-weighted images was evaluated 5-7 days after UAE. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine a cut-off point and predict the improvement of dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were included. At 24 and 36 months after UAE, the improvement rates for dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia were 60.4% (29/48) and 85.7% (30/35), and the recurrence rates were 19.4% (7/36) and 9.1% (3/33), respectively. Only the percentage of the volume of the absence of contrast enhancement on T1-weighted images was associated with the improvement of dysmenorrhoea (p = 0.001, OR = 1.051; 95% CI: 1.02-1.08) and menorrhagia (p = 0.006, OR = 1.077; 95% CI: 1.021-1.136). When the cut-off value of the ROC analysis was 73.1%, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for the improvement of dysmenorrhoea were 58.6%, 94.7%, 94.4%, and 60%, while they were 58.9%, 80%, 100%, 100%, and 45.5% for the improvement of dysmenorrhoea. CONCLUSION: Bilateral UAE for symptomatic adenomyosis led to good improvement of dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia. The percentage of the volume of the absence of contrast enhancement on T1-weighted images of the uterus in postoperative magnetic resonance imaging might be associated with the improvement of dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia.


This study examined the improvement of dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia after uterine artery embolisation in women with symptomatic adenomyosis and identified factors that could predict the improvement of dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia. This retrospective study included women with adenomyosis who underwent uterine artery embolisation. A total of 48 patients were included. Only the percentage of the volume of the absence of contrast enhancement on T1-weighted images was associated with improvement of dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia. Bilateral uterine artery embolisation for symptomatic adenomyosis led to good improvement. The percentage of the volume of the absence of contrast enhancement on images in postoperative T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the uterus might be associated with the improvement of dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Dismenorreia , Menorragia , Embolização da Artéria Uterina , Humanos , Feminino , Menorragia/etiologia , Menorragia/terapia , Adenomiose/complicações , Dismenorreia/etiologia , Dismenorreia/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Embolização da Artéria Uterina/métodos , Adulto , Resultado do Tratamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Curva ROC
4.
Womens Health Issues ; 34(3): 317-324, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658289

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endometriosis may be linked to the risk of iron deficiency through chronic systemic inflammation or heavy menstrual bleeding. No longitudinal studies, however, have examined the relationship between endometriosis and the risk of iron deficiency. METHODS: This study included 3,294 participants born from 1973 to 1978 and followed as part of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health from 2000 to 2018. Participants with endometriosis were identified using self-reported longitudinal surveys linked to administrative health records. During each survey, participants were also asked to report the diagnosis of iron deficiency, and we validated diagnoses using an administrative health database. Generalized estimating equations for binary responses with an autoregressive correlation matrix were used to examine the association between endometriosis and the risk of iron deficiency over the seven time points. FINDINGS: We found that women with endometriosis had a significantly higher risk of iron deficiency than those without endometriosis after adjusting for sociodemographic, lifestyle, reproductive, and nutrition factors (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.29, 1.66]; p < .0001). Women with a surgically confirmed diagnosis and those with clinically suspected endometriosis had a higher risk of iron deficiency (aOR = 1.38; 95% CI [1.17, 1.64] and aOR = 1.53; 95% CI [1.30, 1.81]), respectively. These associations, however, were slightly attenuated (by 8%) when adjusted for the presence of heavy menstrual bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Women with endometriosis are at a higher risk of developing iron deficiency than those without endometriosis. The findings suggest that iron deficiency should be concomitantly addressed during initial diagnosis and successive management of endometriosis.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva , Endometriose , Deficiências de Ferro , Humanos , Feminino , Endometriose/complicações , Endometriose/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Prospectivos , Austrália/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Anemia Ferropriva/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos de Coortes , Ferro , Menorragia/etiologia , Menorragia/epidemiologia
5.
Haemophilia ; 30 Suppl 3: 45-51, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532560

RESUMO

Raising awareness and improving recognition, accurate classification, and enhanced access to new treatments represent current key challenges for carriers of haemophilia. Women and girls carrying genes for haemophilia often experience significant bleeding and/or low factor levels. The bleeding associated with female haemophilia is frequently overlooked, has a weak correlation with factor levels, and manifests differently than in males, with heavy menstrual bleeding being a predominant symptom. Recent changes in terminology now allow the diagnosis of haemophilia in females with low factor levels and differentiate between symptomatic and asymptomatic carriers of the gene. Observations from real-world experiences and limited clinical trial data have highlighted the positive impact of various new haemophilia treatments for women and girls with clotting factor deficiencies. There is an urgent need for initiatives that increase their access to these treatments and encourage well-designed clinical trials focusing on female-specific outcomes. In women with inherited bleeding disorders, early recognition and optimal management of heavy menstrual bleeding are crucial. However, treatment options and guidance from high-quality clinical trials are currently insufficient. Menstrual health assessment should be a regular part of monitoring women and girls with inherited bleeding disorders throughout their lives, emphasizing the importance of gathering data to improve future management.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A , Menorragia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Hemofilia A/complicações , Hemofilia A/diagnóstico , Hemofilia A/genética , Menorragia/etiologia , Menorragia/genética , Hemorragia/genética
6.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 48(5): 103768, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432071

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the prevalence of adenomyosis at ultrasonography among adolescents and young women reporting dysmenorrhoea and/or heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB)? DESIGN: This observational cohort study involved adolescents and young women referred for dysmenorrhoea and/or HMB to the Adolescent Medicine Unit at Careggi University Hospital, Italy. Patients with endometriosis and bleeding disorders were excluded. Transvaginal ultrasonography or transrectal sonography using a transvaginal probe was performed. The myometrium was described according to the Morphological Uterus Sonographic Assessment criteria. Details of baseline characteristics, clinical data and symptoms were collected. The presence of sonographic features of adenomyosis and the association between imaging findings and clinical symptoms were evaluated. RESULTS: The cohort included 95 patients aged between 13 and 25 years, referred for dysmenorrhoea (88.4%), HMB (23.2%) or both (13.7%). According to the MUSA criteria the sonographic diagnosis of adenomyosis was made in 27.4% of patients, with the diffuse type the most prevalent. Uterine wall asymmetry, hyperechoic intramyometrial islands, translesional vascularity and an interrupted junctional zone were the most common features. Patients with imaging findings of adenomyosis had significantly higher rates of HMB than those with a normal myometrial appearance (38.5% versus 17.4%, P = 0.030). In addition, the coexistence of dysmenorrhoea and HMB was significantly associated with adenomyosis (odds ratio 5.68, 95% confidence interval 1.65-19.5). CONCLUSIONS: Adenomyosis may be diagnosed among teenagers and young women referred with dysmenorrhoea and/or HMB. The clinical presentation is relevant for the diagnosis, with HMB alone and HMB plus dysmenorrhoea significantly associated with the sonographic identification of adenomyosis.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Dismenorreia , Menorragia , Ultrassonografia , Humanos , Feminino , Adenomiose/complicações , Adenomiose/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenomiose/epidemiologia , Menorragia/epidemiologia , Menorragia/etiologia , Menorragia/diagnóstico , Dismenorreia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Itália/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Prevalência
7.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 309(6): 2709-2718, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517507

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the utilization and characteristics related to the use of hysteroscopy at the time of endometrial evaluation for endometrial hyperplasia in the outpatient surgery setting. METHODS: This cross-sectional study queried the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's Nationwide Ambulatory Surgery Sample. The study population was 3218 patients with endometrial hyperplasia who underwent endometrial evaluation from January 2016 to December 2019. Performance and clinical characteristics of hysteroscopic endometrial evaluation were assessed with multivariable binary logistic regression models. RESULTS: A total of 2654 (82.5%) patients had hysteroscopic endometrial tissue evaluation. Patients with postmenopausal bleeding, heavy menstrual bleeding, and polycystic ovary syndrome were more likely to undergo hysteroscopic endometrial evaluation in multivariable analysis (all, adjusted-P < 0.001). Uterine injury occurred in 4.9 per 1000 hysteroscopic endometrial evaluations; none had uterine injury in the non-hysteroscopy cohort. Among the 2654 patients who had hysteroscopic endometrial evaluation, 106 (4.0%) patients had intrauterine device insertion at surgery, and the utilization increased from 2.9 to 5.8% during the study period (P-trend < 0.001). Younger age, more recent year surgery, and obesity were independently associated with increased utilization of intrauterine device insertion at hysteroscopic endometrial evaluation (all, adjusted-P < 0.05). Among 2023 reproductive-age patients with endometrial hyperplasia, 1666 (82.4%) patients underwent hysteroscopic endometrial evaluation. On multivariable analysis, patients with heavy menstrual bleeding were more likely to have hysteroscopic endometrial evaluation (adjusted-P < 0.05). Intrauterine device insertion increased from 3.7% in 2016 to 8.0% in 2019 (P-trend = 0.007). CONCLUSION: This nationwide analysis suggests that the insertion of intrauterine devices at the time of hysteroscopic endometrial tissue evaluation for endometrial hyperplasia is increasing among reproductive-age population.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Endometrial , Histeroscopia , Dispositivos Intrauterinos , Humanos , Feminino , Hiperplasia Endometrial/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Dispositivos Intrauterinos/efeitos adversos , Endométrio/patologia , Endométrio/cirurgia , Menorragia/etiologia , Menorragia/cirurgia
8.
Pediatr Ann ; 53(3): e104-e108, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466333

RESUMO

Heavy menstrual bleeding has a high prevalence and is well documented in adult patients with hypermobile-type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, but there is limited research surrounding work-up and treatment for the adolescent population. Excessive menstrual blood loss can significantly interfere with emotional and physical quality of life. A provider should acquire a comprehensive medical and menstrual history and focused physical examination, as well as baseline laboratory studies, to determine the presence of anemia or underlying bleeding disorder. Use of a pictorial blood assessment chart may be considered to help quantify the amount of bleeding. Treatment to reduce heavy menstrual flow and referral to specialty care should be initiated swiftly to improve quality of life for this population. [Pediatr Ann. 2024;53(3):e104-e108.].


Assuntos
Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos , Instabilidade Articular , Menorragia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/complicações , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/terapia , Instabilidade Articular/complicações , Instabilidade Articular/diagnóstico , Instabilidade Articular/terapia , Instabilidade Articular/congênito , Menorragia/diagnóstico , Menorragia/etiologia , Menorragia/terapia , Qualidade de Vida
9.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 71(6): e30944, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462776

RESUMO

Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is often the presenting symptom for females with inherited bleeding disorders (IBD). Multidisciplinary clinics leverage the expertise of hematologists and women's health specialists. This study characterizes the complexity of HMB management for adolescents with IBDs from a large multidisciplinary clinic. Adolescents often required multiple different menstrual suppression treatments, with only about 20% achieving acceptable suppression with their first treatment. Adolescents switched therapy most often for uncontrolled bleeding, followed by adverse effects, and patient preference. Given the difficulty in achieving adequate menstrual suppression, multidisciplinary clinics offer necessary expertise in accomplishing bleeding control with minimal adverse effects.


Assuntos
Menorragia , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Menorragia/etiologia , Menorragia/terapia , Transtornos Herdados da Coagulação Sanguínea/terapia , Criança
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(3)2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538101

RESUMO

Uterine leiomyomas are rare in the paediatric population. This report describes a rare case of a submucous leiomyoma in an adolescent girl. The patient presented with a history of abnormal and painful period which was refractory to medical treatment. Sonographic findings revealed a uterine mass that protruded through the cervix until the upper third of the vagina. A hysteroscopic resection was performed, and a pathological examination confirmed a leiomyoma. 12 months after surgery, there were no signs of recurrence. Conservative sparing-fertility management, such as hysteroscopic resection, is the best option with a type 0 submucosal fibroid, especially in adolescents and young women.


Assuntos
Leiomioma , Menorragia , Neoplasias Uterinas , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Dismenorreia , Histeroscopia/efeitos adversos , Leiomioma/complicações , Leiomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Leiomioma/cirurgia , Menorragia/etiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/patologia , Vagina/patologia
11.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 309(5): 2057-2062, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to assess the correlation between bleeding irregularities and the accurate placement of the intrauterine device (IUD) device in the uterine cavity, determined through transvaginal ultrasonography and hysteroscopy. In addition, the study aims to examine the cytokine profile in the uterine cavity and serum of patients experiencing bleeding irregularities after the insertion of nonhormonal IUDs. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at a single tertiary medical center, wherein patients experiencing intermenstrual bleeding and spotting after the insertion of nonhormonal IUDs were enrolled. The study involved hysteroscopic and sonographic assessments of the uterine cavity and IUD placement, along with the analysis of blood and uterine cavity cytokine profiles. RESULTS: During the period between July 2019 and February 2020, a total of eight patients who experienced intermenstrual bleeding and spotting after the insertion of nonhormonal IUDs were enrolled the study. One case was excluded since a progestative device was detected by ultrasound. Out of the five cases that underwent a thorough ultrasonographic assessment, three cases (60%) showed an embedded IUD. However, these findings were excluded by the hysteroscopic evaluation. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that ultrasonographic assessment may lead to an overdiagnosis of IUD mispositioning compared to hysteroscopy. In addition, both ultrasound and hysteroscopy have limitations in diagnosing the cause of bleeding in most cases. The role of local reactive inflammatory cytokines should be further studied.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Intrauterinos , Menorragia , Metrorragia , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Histeroscopia , Menorragia/diagnóstico por imagem , Menorragia/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Hemorragia , Ultrassonografia , Citocinas
12.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 231(1): 113.e1-113.e13, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenomyosis is one of the structural causes of abnormal uterine bleeding, which often presents as heavy menstrual bleeding. Mostly because of the poor understanding of its pathophysiology, medical management of adenomyosis-induced heavy menstrual bleeding is still a challenge. We have previously reported that glycolysis is crucial to endometrial repair following menstruation and that suppressed glycolysis can cause heavy menstrual bleeding. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that meclizine, a drug with an excellent safety profile, alleviates heavy menstrual bleeding in mice with induced adenomyosis using a simulated menstruation model. STUDY DESIGN: Adenomyosis was induced in 36 female C57BL/6 mice using endometrial-myometrial interface disruption. Three months after induction, the mice were randomly divided into the following 3 groups: low-dose meclizine, high-dose meclizine, and controls. Treatment with meclizine or vehicle started shortly before the simulated menstruation procedure and ended before progesterone withdrawal. The amount of blood loss was quantified and uterine tissue was harvested for histologic evaluation of the grade of endometrial repair. We performed immunohistochemistry analysis of 4 proteins critically involved in glycolysis: Glut1 (glucose transporter 1), Hk2 (hexokinase 2), Pfkfb3 (6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3), and Pkm2 (pyruvate kinase M2). The extent of tissue fibrosis in both ectopic and eutopic endometria was evaluated using Masson trichrome staining. RESULTS: In mice with induced adenomyosis, meclizine accelerated endometrial repair in a dose-dependent manner and reduced the amount of menstrual bleeding. Meclizine administration raised endometrial immunoexpression of Hk2 and Pfkfb3 but not of Glut1 or Pkm2. The extent of endometrial fibrosis was reduced following the meclizine administration. Remarkably, these favorable changes were accompanied by the suppression of lesional progression, as evidenced by the dose-dependent reduction in the extent of fibrosis (a surrogate for lesional progression). CONCLUSION: These encouraging results, taken together, suggest that glycolysis may be a promising therapeutic target and that meclizine may hold therapeutic potential as a nonhormonal treatment for adenomyosis-induced heavy menstrual bleeding without exacerbating the disease.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endométrio , Glicólise , Meclizina , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Animais , Feminino , Endométrio/efeitos dos fármacos , Endométrio/metabolismo , Endométrio/patologia , Adenomiose/tratamento farmacológico , Adenomiose/complicações , Camundongos , Meclizina/uso terapêutico , Meclizina/farmacologia , Glicólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Menorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Menorragia/etiologia , Piruvato Quinase/metabolismo , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1/metabolismo
13.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 309(5): 1765-1773, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347252

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for adenomyosis and postoperative recurrence and its influencing factors. METHODS: Clinical and follow-up data of 308 patients with adenomyosis who were treated with HIFU in Haifu Center, Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from September 2017 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The recurrence of adenomyosis and the efficacy of HIFU at 6 months after surgery were followed up. To explore factors influencing postoperative prognosis and recurrence, the following variables were analyzed: patients' age, course of disease, gravidity and parity, size of the uterus, duration of HIFU, duration of irradiation, treatment intensity, dysmenorrhea score, time of follow-up, combined treatment of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), western medicine adjuvant treatment, lesion location and type, and menorrhagia. RESULTS: Among the 308 patients, 238 (77%) were followed up from 6 to 36 months, with an average follow-up time of 15.24 ± 9.97 months. The other 70 (23%) were lost to follow-up. At 6-month after surgery, efficacy rates of dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia management were 86.7% and 89.3%, respectively. Postoperative recurrence rates were 4.8% (1-12 months), 9.0% (12-24 months), and 17.0% (24-36 months) for dysmenorrhea; and 6.3% (1-12 months), 2.4% (12-24 months), and 12.2% (24-36 months) for menorrhagia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that parity (P = 0.043, OR = 1.773, 95% CI 1.018-3.087), uterine size (P = 0.019, OR = 1.004, 95% CI 1.001-1.007), combined treatment of TCM (P = 0.047, OR = 1.846, 95% CI 1.008-3.381), diffuse lesion type (P = 0.013, OR = 0.464, 95% CI 0.254-0.848) and ablation rate (P = 0.015, OR = 0.481, 95%CI 0.267-0.868) were prognostic factors (P < 0.05). Age, course of disease, gravidity, duration of HIFU, duration of irradiation, treatment intensity, preoperative dysmenorrhea score, time of follow-up, western medicine adjuvant therapy, lesion location, and preoperative menstrual volume had no effect on prognosis (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: HIFU can effectively relieve dysmenorrhea and reduce menstrual volume in patients with adenomyosis. Parity, uterine size, lesion type (diffuse), and ablation rate are risk factors for symptom recurrence after HIFU, while the combination of TCM therapy is a protective factor for relapse. We, therefore, recommend TCM in the adjuvant setting after HIFU according to patient condition.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade , Menorragia , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Dismenorreia/terapia , Dismenorreia/cirurgia , Menorragia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adenomiose/cirurgia , Adenomiose/patologia
14.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 136, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescent heavy menstrual bleeding(HMB), menorrhagia or abnormal uterine bleeding commonly occur in adolescent women. The differential diagnosis can be challenging. The pneumonic: PALM-COEIN (polyp, adenomyosis, leiomyoma, malignancy and hyperplasia, coagulopathy, ovulatory dysfunction, endometrial, iatrogenic, and not yet classified), is commonly used but it does not stratify as to the likelihood of a disorder. We have sought to develop a probability-based differential diagnosis for Adolescent HMB, menorrhagia or abnormal uterine bleeding. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, and SCOPUS databases. Case series describing adolescents from 10-19 years of age with HMB, menorrhagia or abnormal uterine bleeding was acceptable if: more than 10 patients were included; editorials, case reports, and secondary sources such as review articles, or book chapters were excluded. No language filter was used, but an English abstract was required. The etiology of HMB, menorrhagia or abnormal uterine bleeding, and the country of origin was extracted from articles that met inclusion criteria. Cumulative rate estimates were determined by Bayesian probability modeling. RESULTS: Seventeen full text articles were reviewed in detail; 2,770 patients were included. The most frequent causes of HMB were Ovarian Uterine Disorders (23.7%; 95% CredI 22-25.5%), Coagulation Disorders (19.4%; 95% CredI 17.8-21.1%), and Platelet Disorders (6.23%; 95% CredI 5.27-7.27%) with 45.9% (95% CredI 43.8-47.%9) of the cases of indeterminate origin. CONCLUSIONS: The leading causes of HMB in healthy adolescent females were varied. The sub-analysis identified distinct etiologies, suggesting that multiple factors must be considered in the evaluation of HMB. While PALM-COEIN (polyp, adenomyosis, leiomyoma, malignancy and hyperplasia, coagulopathy, ovulatory dysfunction, endometrial, iatrogenic, and not yet classified) provides us with a comprehensive picture of the possible causes of HMB in females, this systematic review assigns probabilities to the etiologies of HMB in adolescent females, providing physicians with a more focused and efficient pathway to diagnosis.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Leiomioma , Menorragia , Pólipos , Feminino , Adolescente , Humanos , Menorragia/etiologia , Teorema de Bayes , Hiperplasia , Doença Iatrogênica
16.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 230(2): 237.e1-237.e11, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37863160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the LIBERTY Long-Term Extension study, once-daily relugolix combination therapy (40 mg relugolix, estradiol 1 mg, norethindrone acetate 0.5 mg) substantially improved uterine fibroid-associated heavy menstrual bleeding throughout the 52-week treatment period in the overall study population. OBJECTIVE: Black or African American women typically experience a greater extent of disease and symptom burden of uterine fibroids vs other racial groups and have traditionally been underrepresented in clinical trials. This secondary analysis aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of relugolix combination therapy in the subgroup population of Black or African American women with uterine fibroids in the LIBERTY Long-Term Extension study. STUDY DESIGN: Black or African American premenopausal women (aged 18-50 years) with uterine fibroids and heavy menstrual bleeding who completed the 24-week randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind LIBERTY 1 (identifier: NCT03049735) or LIBERTY 2 (identifier: NCT03103087) trials were eligible to enroll in the 28-week LIBERTY Long-Term Extension study (identifier: NCT03412890), in which all women received once-daily, open-label relugolix combination therapy. The primary endpoint of this subanalysis was the proportion of Black or African American treatment responders: women who achieved a menstrual blood loss volume of <80 mL and at least a 50% reduction in menstrual blood loss volume from the pivotal study baseline to the last 35 days of treatment by pivotal study randomized treatment group. The secondary outcomes included rates of amenorrhea and changes in symptom burden and quality of life. RESULTS: Overall, 241 of 477 women (50.5%) enrolled in the LIBERTY Long-Term Extension study self-identified as Black or African American. In Black or African American women receiving continuous relugolix combination therapy for up to 52 weeks, 58 of 70 women (82.9%; 95% confidence interval, 72.0%-90.8%) met the treatment responder criteria for reduction in heavy menstrual bleeding (primary endpoint). A substantial reduction in menstrual blood loss volume from the pivotal study baseline to week 52 was demonstrated (least squares mean percentage change: 85.0%); 64.3% of women achieved amenorrhea; 59.1% of women with anemia at the pivotal study baseline achieved a substantial improvement (>2 g/dL) in hemoglobin levels; and decreased symptom severity and distress because of uterine fibroid-associated symptoms and improvements in health-related quality of life through 52 weeks were demonstrated. The most frequently reported adverse events during the cumulative 52-week treatment period were hot flush (12.9%), headache (5.7%), and hypertension (5.7%). Bone mineral density was preserved through 52 weeks. CONCLUSION: Once-daily relugolix combination therapy improved uterine fibroid-associated heavy menstrual bleeding in most Black or African American women who participated in the LIBERTY Long-Term Extension study. The safety and efficacy profile of relugolix combination therapy in Black or African American women was consistent with previously published results from the overall study population through 52 weeks. Findings from this subanalysis will assist shared decision-making by helping providers and Black or African American women understand the efficacy and safety of relugolix combination therapy as a pharmacologic option for the management of uterine fibroid-associated symptoms.


Assuntos
Leiomioma , Menorragia , Compostos de Fenilureia , Pirimidinonas , Neoplasias Uterinas , Feminino , Humanos , Amenorreia , Negro ou Afro-Americano , Leiomioma/complicações , Leiomioma/tratamento farmacológico , Menorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Menorragia/etiologia , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinonas/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Uterinas/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol ; 37(2): 171-176, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38128876

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Use of 52-mg levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) in adolescents for heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB), dysmenorrhea, and contraception has increased, yet little is known about the factors predicting removal and dissatisfaction in adolescents. The aim of this study was to identify factors predicting LNG-IUS removal in adolescents. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study including all adolescents (9-19 years) who underwent LNG-IUS insertion between 2012 and 2021 (n = 536). A medical record review was conducted and data were collated on medical and gynecological history, age, indications for insertion, complications, expulsions, and removals. The data were analyzed using χ2 tests. RESULTS: Indications for LNG-IUS insertions (n = 536) among 517 individual patients (n = 517) included menstrual management (n = 142), HMB alone (n = 118), HMB and pelvic pain/dysmenorrhea (n = 105), dysmenorrhea/pelvic pain alone (n = 47), and contraception (n = 16). Associated diagnoses included intellectual disability (44.29%, 229/517), chronic pain conditions (12.77%, 66/517), and additional mental health concerns (24.37%, 126/517). Patient dissatisfaction with LNG-IUS led to removal in 61 (11.38%), mostly for pain or persistent bleeding. Higher removal rates occurred in those with associated chronic pain conditions (46.97%, χ2 = 55.9, P < .05), mental health concerns (16.67%, χ2 = 5.06, P < .05), and bleeding disorders (26.32%, χ2 = 5.09, P < .05). Among the cohort with an intellectual disability, lower rates of removal occurred (5.7%, χ2 = 11.2, P < .05). Whereas the LNG-IUS removal rate among gender-diverse youth was 23.07%, this was not statistically significant. Younger age was also not associated with a statistically significant increase in removals (13.72%, χ2 = 0.73, P > .05). DISCUSSION: Adolescents have a low dissatisfaction and removal rate (11.38%) of LNG-IUS. Chronic pain, bleeding tendency, and mental health concerns are associated with higher removal rates and intellectual disability with lower rates. These findings are useful in counselling patients and families about LNG-IUS.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Anticoncepcionais Femininos , Deficiência Intelectual , Dispositivos Intrauterinos Medicados , Menorragia , Feminino , Adolescente , Humanos , Levanogestrel , Dismenorreia/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Menorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Menorragia/etiologia
18.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 34(8): 545-548, 2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37942747

RESUMO

Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare hemorrhagic condition caused by a platelet surface receptor disorder of the glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa. Symptoms of GT are various forms of hemorrhages, such as purpura, epistaxis and menorrhagia. Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is a rare expression of the condition and may occur due to traumas in the GI tract or as a consequence of gastrointestinal angiodysplasia (GIADs). In this case report, we present a middle-aged woman with recurrent GIB consequent to GIADs with persistent melena and iron deficiency anemia. After several unsuccessful therapeutic interventions, the patient was studied by the hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia's (HHT - Osler-Weber-Rendu disease) unit, where she received bevacizumab, showing a complete improvement in symptoms as well as a reduction in her GIADs. This case shows that bevacizumab could be a possible line of treatment for patients with coagulation disorders with GIADs.


Assuntos
Angiodisplasia , Transtornos Plaquetários , Menorragia , Trombastenia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Trombastenia/complicações , Trombastenia/tratamento farmacológico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIIb-IIIa de Plaquetas , Menorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/complicações , Doenças Raras/complicações , Angiodisplasia/complicações , Angiodisplasia/tratamento farmacológico
19.
Hum Fertil (Camb) ; 26(4): 720-732, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37913797

RESUMO

This study reports the outcomes of an innovative fertility-preserving surgery for the treatment of diffuse adenomyosis that is known as a surgery for protection of uterine structure for healing (PUSH Surgery). Developed at Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, PUSH Surgery aims to achieve radical excision of adenomyotic lesions by reconstructing the uterus with overlapping muscle flaps to promote optimal healing of the uterine wall and reduce the risk of scar rupture in subsequent pregnancies. PUSH Surgery was performed on 146 patients with diffuse adenomyosis, with uteri measuring from 8 to 16 gestational weeks and an average volume of 230 ± 150cm³. Regular follow-up was conducted for up to 156 months, revealing a significant reduction in VAS pain scores from 9.4 ± 1.2 before the surgery to 0.3 ± 0.8 and 0.6 ± 1.0 at 1 and 2 years post-surgery, respectively, with a continuous alleviation rate of 96.4% after the operations. Notably, 100% of patients with severe menorrhagia reported normal menstruation volumes within 2 years. Additionally, 31 patients attempted to conceive, resulting in a 58% postoperative pregnancy rate and a 60.0% intrauterine live embryo rate. Operation-related complications occurred in 2.7% of patients, with a 3.6% recurrence rate after more than 2 years of follow-up. Importantly, no cases of uterine rupture or severe complications were observed in the pregnant patients. In conclusion, PUSH Surgery offers a promising approach for the radical excision of adenomyotic lesions, promoting improved tissue healing and significant symptom relief.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Menorragia , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Adenomiose/cirurgia , Adenomiose/complicações , Adenomiose/patologia , Dismenorreia/cirurgia , Dismenorreia/etiologia , Dismenorreia/prevenção & controle , Útero/cirurgia , Útero/patologia , Menorragia/etiologia , Menorragia/prevenção & controle , Menorragia/cirurgia , Fertilidade/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 229(6): 662.e1-662.e25, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37666383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the pivotal LIBERTY 1 and 2 trials and long-term extension study, once-daily relugolix combination therapy (40 mg relugolix, 1 mg estradiol, 0.5 mg norethindrone acetate) reduced menstrual blood loss volume and pain among women with uterine fibroids. Relugolix combination therapy was well tolerated with preservation of bone mineral density through 52 weeks. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report the 2-year relugolix combination therapy efficacy and safety results of the phase 3 LIBERTY randomized withdrawal study. STUDY DESIGN: Women with uterine fibroid-associated heavy menstrual bleeding who completed the 24-week LIBERTY 1 or 2 trials, followed by the 28-week long-term extension study (up to 52 weeks total treatment), and who met the responder criteria (menstrual blood loss volume <80 mL and ≥50% reduction from pivotal study baseline at week 48 [week 24 of long-term extension]) were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either blinded treatment with relugolix combination therapy or placebo for 52 weeks (total treatment period, 104 weeks). For women who had a relapse of heavy menstrual bleeding during the study (menstrual blood loss volume ≥80 mL), open-label relugolix combination therapy was offered. The primary endpoint was the proportion of women who maintained menstrual blood loss volume <80 mL through week 76 (week 24 of randomized withdrawal study). Secondary endpoints included time to menstrual blood loss volume ≥80 mL, proportion of women who maintained a menstrual blood loss volume of <80 mL through week 104 (over the 52-week randomized treatment period), the proportion of women who achieved or maintained amenorrhea at week 76 at the end of treatment, and the change in Uterine Fibroid Symptom-Quality of Life Bleeding and Pelvic Discomfort Scale and symptom severity scores. Analyses were performed for the modified intent-to-treat population, including all randomized women who received ≥1 dose of the study drug. RESULTS: Of the 229 randomized women (relugolix combination therapy, n=115; placebo, n=114), 228 received the study drug and 175 (76.7%) completed the randomized withdrawal study. Through week 76, 78.4% of women on relugolix combination therapy maintained menstrual blood loss volume <80 mL vs 15.1% in the placebo group (difference, 63.4%; 95% confidence interval, 52.9%-73.9%; P<.0001). At week 104, 69.8% of women on relugolix combination therapy maintained menstrual blood loss volume <80 mL vs 11.8% in the placebo group (difference, 58.0%; 95% confidence interval, 47.0%-69.1%; P<.0001). Through week 104, 88.3% of women on placebo relapsed with heavy menstrual bleeding (median time to relapse, 5.9 weeks). Among the 89 women in the placebo group who relapsed and received open-label rescue treatment, 87 women responded to relugolix combination therapy with a menstrual blood loss volume <80 mL. The proportion of women who achieved or maintained amenorrhea were 57.4% vs 13.3% at week 76 (difference, 44.1%; 95% confidence interval, 33.10%-55.1%; P<.0001) and 58.3% vs 10.6% at week 104 (difference, 47.6%; 95% confidence interval, 37.0%-58.3%; nominal P<.0001) for relugolix combination therapy and the placebo group, respectively. Relugolix combination therapy was generally well tolerated; no new safety signals were identified, and the adverse event profile over the second year was consistent with that reported through the first year of treatment. Bone mineral density remained stable in women who received relugolix combination therapy from week 52 to week 104. In women continuously treated with relugolix combination therapy up to 2 years, bone mineral density was generally preserved. CONCLUSION: After 2 years of treatment with relugolix combination therapy, there was evidence of durability of the effect in maintaining low menstrual blood loss volume in women with symptomatic uterine fibroids. Most women had return of heavy menstrual bleeding and associated symptoms after treatment cessation, which improved upon retreatment with relugolix combination therapy. Relugolix combination therapy was well tolerated, the adverse event profile remained consistent, and the mean bone mineral density was generally preserved through 2 years of treatment.


Assuntos
Leiomioma , Menorragia , Neoplasias Uterinas , Feminino , Humanos , Menorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Menorragia/etiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/complicações , Neoplasias Uterinas/tratamento farmacológico , Amenorreia , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Leiomioma/complicações , Leiomioma/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia Uterina/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia Uterina/etiologia , Recidiva
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