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1.
Food Chem ; 338: 127724, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795878

RESUMO

Peppermint is widely used medicinal plant with distinguished bioactive potential, therefore, the aim of present work was to develop novel peppermint extracts with high activity by application of traditional and emerging separation techniques. Conventional hydrodistillation and microwave-assisted hydrodistillation (MWHD) were applied for recovery of essential oil (EO), while organic solvent extraction using Soxhlet apparatus, microwave-assisted and ultrasound-assisted process and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) were applied for non-selective recovery of peppermint lipophilic extracts. Extracts were characterized in terms of terpenoids profile with special emphasis on content of major compounds (mentol, menthone, isomenthol and eucalyptol). Antioxidant activity (DPPH, ABTS, CUPRAC, FRAP, chelating and phosphomolybdenum assay) and enzyme-inhibitory assays (acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, tyrosinase, amylase and glucosidase inhibition) were used for screening of peppermint bioactivity. MWHD was recognized as alternative for traditional process in EO recovery, while SFE extracts were useful for green production of solvent-free peppermint extracts rich in terpenoids and other lipophilic bioactives.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Mentha piperita/metabolismo , Micro-Ondas , Polifenóis/química , Polifenóis/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Componente Principal , Sonicação , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
2.
J Breath Res ; 14(4): 046008, 2020 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32604084

RESUMO

Sampling of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has shown promise for detection of a range of diseases but results have proved hard to replicate due to a lack of standardization. In this work we introduce the 'Peppermint Initiative'. The initiative seeks to disseminate a standardized experiment that allows comparison of breath sampling and data analysis methods. Further, it seeks to share a set of benchmark values for the measurement of VOCs in breath. Pilot data are presented to illustrate the standardized approach to the interpretation of results obtained from the Peppermint experiment. This pilot study was conducted to determine the washout profile of peppermint compounds in breath, identify appropriate sampling time points, and formalise the data analysis. Five and ten participants were recruited to undertake a standardized intervention by ingesting a peppermint oil capsule that engenders a predictable and controlled change in the VOC profile in exhaled breath. After collecting a pre-ingestion breath sample, five further samples are taken at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 h after ingestion. Samples were analysed using ion mobility spectrometry coupled to multi-capillary column and thermal desorption gas chromatography mass spectrometry. A regression analysis of the washout data was used to determine sampling times for the final peppermint protocol, and the time for the compound measurement to return to baseline levels was selected as a benchmark value. A measure of the quality of the data generated from a given technique is proposed by comparing data fidelity. This study protocol has been used for all subsequent measurements by the Peppermint Consortium (16 partners from seven countries). So far 1200 breath samples from 200 participants using a range of sampling and analytical techniques have been collected. The data from the consortium will be disseminated in subsequent technical notes focussing on results from individual platforms.


Assuntos
Testes Respiratórios/métodos , Mentha piperita/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química , Benchmarking , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Food Chem ; 330: 127202, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531637

RESUMO

The effect of supercritical fluid extract of tomato pomace (TP) and essential oil of organic peppermint (PM) on pH, color, residual nitrite content, lipid oxidation (TBARS value) and total plate count (TPC) of cooked pork sausages produced with 50 mg/kg of sodium nitrite was investigated. Five batches were produced: T1: 100 mg/kg of sodium nitrite; T2: 50 mg of sodium nitrite; T3: 50 mg of sodium nitrite and 0.150 µL/g TP; T4: 50 mg of sodium nitrite, 0.075 µL/g TP and 0.075 µL/g PM; T5: 50 mg of sodium nitrite and 0.150 µL/g PM. The lowest residual nitrite content and TBARS value were observed in treatment T4. The inclusion of TP increased redness of cooked pork sausages. TPC was the lowest in treatment T5. The results of this study showed that the addition of TP and PM enhanced quality of cooked sausages produced with reduced level of sodium nitrite.


Assuntos
Lycopersicon esculentum/química , Produtos da Carne/análise , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Carne Vermelha/análise , Nitrito de Sódio/química , Animais , Cor , Culinária , Oxirredução , Extratos Vegetais/química , Suínos
4.
Phytother Res ; 34(9): 2088-2139, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173933

RESUMO

Peppermint (Mentha × piperita L) is a perennial, glabrous and strongly scented herb belongs to the family Lamiaceae. It is cultivated in a temperate region of Europe, Asia, United States, India and Mediterranean countries due to their commercial value and distinct aroma. In addition to traditional food flavouring uses, M. × piperita is well recognized for their traditional use to treat fever, cold, digestive, anti-viral, anti-fungal and oral mucosa and throat inflammation. The scientific studies provide awareness on the use of M. × piperita for biological effects such as anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, biopesticidal, larvicidal, anticancer, radioprotective effect, genotoxicity and anti-diabetic activity have been ascribed. A wide spectrum of bioactive phytochemicals such as flavonoids, phenolics lignans and stilbenes and essential oils are expected to be responsible for the aroma effects. In this sense, this present review provides an extensive overview of the traditional medicinal, phytochemical and multiple biological activities of this "Peppermint."


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional/tendências , Mentha piperita/fisiologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Fitoterapia/tendências , Ásia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Índia , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Ilhas do Mediterrâneo , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Fitoterapia/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Estados Unidos
5.
Molecules ; 25(3)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012931

RESUMO

In the search of sustainable and environmentally friendly methods for weed control, there is increasing interest in essential oils (EOs) as an approach to reduce synthetic herbicide use. The phytotoxicity of Thymbra capitata, Mentha piperita, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, and Santolina chamaecyparissus EOs against the noxious weed Erigeron bonariensis were evaluated in pre- and post-emergence assays in greenhouse conditions. The EOs were applied at 2, 4, and 8 µL/mL, with Fitoil used as emulsifier. In post-emergence, two ways of application were tested, irrigation and spraying. Several germination parameters (germination %, mean germination time, and synchrony of the germination process) were evaluated in pre-emergence tests, and the phytotoxicity level was assessed in post-emergence. In pre-emergence, all EOs significantly reduced seed germination as compared to the controls, ranking: T. capitata > E. camaldulensis > S. chamaecyparissus > M. piperita. The effectiveness of all EOs varied with the tested dose, always following the rank 2 µL < 4 µL < 8 µL, with T. capitata EO showing full effectiveness even at the lowest dose. In post-emergence, T. capitata was the most effective EO, inducing a rather complete inhibition of plantlet growth at the highest two doses. These EOs demonstrated to have good potential for the formulation of natural herbicides.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Erigeron/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Eucalyptus/química , Lamiaceae/química , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Irrigação Agrícola , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Emulsificantes/química , Erigeron/efeitos dos fármacos , Germinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Plantas Daninhas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plantas Daninhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Controle de Plantas Daninhas
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 343-353, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Herbs are rich in various beneficial bioactive compounds and they can be used for many different purposes. One of the most common is maceration of herbs in alcohol. Different substances respond differently to extraction in prepared solutions. It is very important to enhance the highest proportion of beneficial ingredients during the maceration process in a herbal liqueur. A comparative analysis of numerous different phenolic compounds from eight of the most frequently used herbs for making aperitifs in Europe was performed. RESULTS: In the comparison among all studied herbs, the highest phenolic content was found with Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) (14.61 mg g-1 ) and Mentha piperita (peppermint) (13.89 mg g-1 ), while the lowest content was found with Centaurium erythraea (common centaury) (3.96 mg g-1 ). Salvianolic acid isomers and caffeic acid derivatives were the greatest contributors to the total phenolic content in lemon balm, wormwood, peppermint, fennel and sage. These compounds contain more hydroxyl groups and they were better extracted at the beginning of the maceration process. Caraway and common centaury contain more flavonols (quercetin and kaempferol derivatives), with higher chemical stability and fewer hydroxyl groups in their structure. CONCLUSION: The compositions of eight herbal liqueurs were highly related to the presence of different herbal ingredients and their solubility in the extract over time. Most flavonol derivatives were extracted over a longer time and the two liqueurs (common centaury and caraway) therefore had the highest phenolic contents after 3 weeks of maceration. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Artemisia/química , Carum/química , Centaurium/química , Europa (Continente) , Manipulação de Alimentos , Isomerismo , Mentha piperita/química , Fenóis/química
7.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(7): 7618-7627, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885061

RESUMO

The essential oil (EO) from leaves of Mentha piperita was extracted by hydrodistillation. Twenty-one chemical components, accounting for 97.5% of the total oil, were determined by GC-MS and GC-FID. The major chemical components included menthol (41.6%), L-menthone (24.7%), isomenthol (6.3%), and limonene (5.0%). The bioactivity of the obtained EO and its two major components against Tribolium castaneum, Lasioderma serricorne, and Liposcelis bostrychophila adults were evaluated by fumigation, contact, and repellent activity bioassay. The EO showed significant fumigation and contact toxicity against T. castaneum (LC50 = 18.1 mg/L air and LD50 = 2.9 µg/adult, respectively), L. serricorne (LC50 = 68.4 mg/L air and LD50 = 12.6 µg/adult, respectively), and L. bostrychophila (LC50 = 0.6 mg/L air and LD50 = 49.8 µg/adult, respectively) adults. Meanwhile, the repellent effect of the EO on T. castaneum and L. serricorne adults was comparable to that of the positive control at the highest tested concentration. Menthol and L-menthone were two major components in total oil. Among them, L-menthone exhibited significant insecticidal activity on target insects, and menthol showed notable repellent effects. The results indicated that the EO of M. piperita leaves and two tested components have potential to be developed as natural insecticides and repellents for the control of stored product insect pests. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Repelentes de Insetos/química , Inseticidas/química , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Animais , Besouros , Monoterpenos , Folhas de Planta/química , Tribolium
8.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2019: 2630537, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885523

RESUMO

Snails were fed with three medicinal plants belonging to the Lamiaceae family (rosemary, sage, and peppermint) in order to test their effects on those animals with high nutritive values. The media of raising were flour containing different percentages of the cited plants ranging from 1% to 9%. The feed had benefits on the raised snails depending on the plant and its percentage. Minerals in those aromatic plants, especially zinc and magnesium, had their effect on protein synthesis in snails fed with those plant percentages. Rosemary was the most profitable plant with the highest protein amount, the lowest mortality rate, and reduced microbial charge. Furthermore, it was a good regulator of the specific catalase activity which confirmed the role of the antioxidant activity of rosemary during raising snails.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Plantas Medicinais/química , Caramujos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Agricultura/métodos , Animais , Magnésio/análise , Mentha piperita/química , Rosmarinus/química , Salvia officinalis/química , Caramujos/fisiologia , Zinco/análise
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(1)2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861733

RESUMO

The effects of plant inoculation with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and those resulting from the exogenous application of salicylic acid (SA) or methyl jasmonte (MeJA) on total phenolic content (TPC) and monoterpenes in Mentha x piperita plants were investigated. Although the PGPR inoculation response has been studied for many plant species, the combination of PGPR and exogenous phytohormones has not been investigated in aromatic plant species. The exogenous application of SA produced an increase in TPC that, in general, was of a similar level when applied alone as when combined with PGPR. This increase in TPC was correlated with an increase in the activity of the enzyme phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL). Also, the application of MeJA at different concentrations in combination with inoculation with PGPR produced an increase in TPC, which was more relevant at 4 mM, with a synergism effect being observed. With respect to the main monoterpene concentrations present in peppermint essential oil (EO), it was observed that SA or MeJA application produced a significant increase similar to that of the combination with rhizobacteria. However, when plants were exposed to 2 mM MeJA and inoculated, an important increase was produced in the concentration on menthol, pulegone, linalool, limonene, and menthone concentrations. Rhizobacteria inoculation, the treatment with SA and MeJA, and the combination of both were found to affect the amount of the main monoterpenes present in the EO of M. piperita. For this reason, the expressions of genes related to the biosynthesis of monoterpene were evaluated, with this expression being positively affected by MeJA application and PGPR inoculation, but was not modified by SA application. Our results demonstrate that MeJA or SA application combined with inoculation with PGPR constitutes an advantageous management practice for improving the production of secondary metabolites from M. piperita.


Assuntos
Mentha piperita/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Monoterpenos/análise , Fenóis/análise , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Rhizobiaceae/fisiologia , Acetatos/farmacologia , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Mentha piperita/química , Mentha piperita/microbiologia , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Fenilalanina Amônia-Liase/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Ácido Salicílico/farmacologia , Metabolismo Secundário/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Molecules ; 25(1)2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878007

RESUMO

This review article discusses the active constituents and potential of two menthol mint oils, Mentha piperita (MPEO) and Mentha arvensis (MAEO), as natural sources for botanical pesticides. The biological activities of these menthol mint oils, which can be useful in agriculture, have been broadly researched, especially toward phytotoxic microorganisms. To a lesser extent, the insecticidal and herbicidal activities of mint EOs have also been studied. It is apparent that the prospect of using menthol mint oils in agriculture is increasing in popularity. A number of investigations showed that the in vitro efficacy of MPEO and MAEO, as well as that of their main constituent, menthol, is pronounced. The results of in vitro research are useful for choosing EOs for further investigations. However, it is clear that in situ experiments are crucial and should be more extensively developed. At the same time, known techniques are to be applied to this area and new methods should be worked out, aiming at the improvement of EOs' pesticidal efficacy and cost-effectiveness, for future implementation in agricultural pest control.


Assuntos
Mentha piperita/química , Mentol/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Mentha/química , Extratos Vegetais/química
11.
Molecules ; 25(1)2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878211

RESUMO

The pharmacological activity of peppermint leaf (Menthae piperitae folium) for medical use is mainly attributed to the presence of essential oil, which, according to the European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur.), should constitute not less than 12 mL/kg of raw material. The content of polyphenols in peppermint-based preparations, except peppermint leaf dry extract, has not yet been considered as an essential parameter in the pharmacopeial assessment of peppermint quality. This study concerns the evaluation of the presence of representatives of polyphenolic compounds in 23 commercial peppermint tinctures (ethanolic extracts) purchased in pharmacies in Poland. The non-volatile polyphenolic fraction was investigated, and the presence of flavonoids and phenolic acids was quantified. High performance liquid chromatography coupled with a diode-array detector (HPLC-DAD) and an electrospray ionization mass spectrometer (U(H)PLC-ESI-MS) were used in the experiment. The study showed that eriocitrin, luteolin-7-O-rutinoside, and rosmarinic acid were the main polyphenolic components of the peppermint tinctures, as previously reported for peppermint leaf. Despite this, the research shows the extremely diverse content of the mentioned compounds in analyzed commercial medicinal products. In light of these results, it seems that the pharmacopeial assessment for the peppermint leaf (Ph. Eur.) and peppermint tincture (Polish Pharmacopoeia (FP)) requires correction and supplementation.


Assuntos
Mentha piperita/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Polifenóis/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Polifenóis/química , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
J Oleo Sci ; 68(9): 863-871, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484902

RESUMO

The variations in average particle size, zeta potential, free fatty acids (FFA) release rate, and the bioavailability of menthol under in vitro simulated digestion conditions of peppermint oil nanoemulsion were investigated. 3D confocal laser scanning microscopy and Cryo-scanning electron microscopy were used to observe the microstructure characteristics of peppermint oil nanoemulsion, which indicated that soybean protein was completely adsorbed at the oil-water interface of the nanoemulsion and presented a core shell structure. And the results indicated that FFA release rate and menthol bioavailability of peppermint oil nanoemulsion prepared by using high-pressure homogenization were much higher. In the simulated gastric digestion phase, the average particle size and the zeta potential of the nanoemulsion increased, and droplet polymerization appeared. After the simulated intestinal, the interfacial protein of nanoemulsion was hydrolyzed, and the oil droplets were digested, which resulted in the decreased particle size and increased absolute value of zeta potential.


Assuntos
Emulsões/química , Nanopartículas/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Disponibilidade Biológica , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Mentha piperita/química , Mentol/farmacocinética , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Proteínas de Soja/química , Soja/química
13.
Molecules ; 24(17)2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470602

RESUMO

The promising antimicrobial activity of essential oils (EOs) has led researchers to use them in combination with antimicrobial drugs in order to reduce drug toxicity, side effects, and resistance to single agents. Mentha x piperita, known worldwide as "Mentha of Pancalieri", is produced locally at Pancalieri (Turin, Italy). The EO from this Mentha species is considered as one of the best mint EOs in the world. In our research, we assessed the antifungal activity of "Mentha of Pancalieri" EO, either alone or in combination with azole drugs (fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole) against a wide panel of yeast and dermatophyte clinical isolates. The EO was analyzed by GC-MS, and its antifungal properties were evaluated by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) parameters, in accordance with the CLSI guidelines, with some modifications. The interaction of EO with azoles was evaluated through the chequerboard and isobologram methods. The results suggest that this EO exerts a fungicidal activity against yeasts and a fungistatic activity against dermatophytes. Interaction studies with azoles indicated mainly synergistic profiles between itraconazole and EO vs. Candida spp., Cryptococcus neoformans, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Thus, the "Mentha of Pancalieri" EO may act as a potential antifungal agent and could serve as a natural adjuvant for fungal infection treatment.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Azóis/farmacologia , Mentha piperita/química , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/química , Animais , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Arthrodermataceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Arthrodermataceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Arthrodermataceae/isolamento & purificação , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida/isolamento & purificação , Cryptococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Cryptococcus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Combinação de Medicamentos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Fluconazol/farmacologia , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Itraconazol/farmacologia , Cetoconazol/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação
14.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382468

RESUMO

Natural antioxidants have drawn growing interest for use in animal feed and the food industry. In the current study, essential oils (EOs) obtained from hydrodistillation of three mentha species, including Mentha piperita (peppermint), Mentha spicata (native spearmint) and Mentha gracilis (Scotch spearmint), harvested in the Midwest region in the United States, were analyzed for their chemical composition using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and their antioxidant properties were assessed through chemical assays, in vitro cell culture modeling and in Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). The activity of ferric iron reduction and free-radical scavenging capacity were assessed through chemical-based assays, including the reducing power assay, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay, and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity assay (TEAC). Subsequently, the capacity of EOs to mitigate lipid peroxidation was analyzed at various doses using fresh liver homogenates from pigs. A porcine jejunum epithelial cell line (IPEC-J2) was employed as in vitro model to study the cellular antioxidant activity of the mint EOs. Finally, the effectiveness of mint EOs to alleviate acute systemic oxidative damage were evaluated in vivo using C. elegans. Data were analyzed by the MIXED procedure of SAS. Contrast statement was performed to assess linear or quadratic effects of mint EOs given at various doses. All three EOs are mostly composed of monoterpenes and their derivatives (76-90%), but differed in the major compounds, which are menthol and menthone (50%) in peppermint EO and carvone (70%) in spearmint EOs. Three mint EOs demonstrated prominent radical scavenging and Fe3+ reducing activity in chemical-based assays. In comparison with native and Scotch spearmint EOs, peppermint EO had the lowest (p < 0.05) half maximal effective concentration (EC50) in DPPH and TEAC assays and higher efficacy in the reducing power assay. All three EOs exhibited equivalent activity in mitigation of chemical-induced lipid peroxidation in liver tissues in a dose-dependent manner (linear, p < 0.001). The maximal cellular antioxidant activity (CAA) was observed at 5 µg/mL for peppermint, and 100 µg/mL for native and Scotch spearmint EOs. The addition of 25 µg/mL of both spearmint EOs increased (p < 0.05) cellular concentrations of glutathione in H2O2-treated IPEC-J2 cells, suggesting enhanced endogenous antioxidant defense. Supplementation of 100 µg/mL of peppermint or Scotch spearmint EO significantly increased (p < 0.05) the survival rate of C. elegans in response to H2O2-induced oxidative stress. The protective effect is comparable to that of supplementation of 10 µg/mL of ascorbic acid. However native spearmint EO failed to reduce the death rate within the same supplementation dose (10-200 µg/mL).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Suínos
15.
Mycopathologia ; 184(5): 615-623, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359292

RESUMO

We evaluated the in vitro antifungal activity of essential oils obtained from the aromatic plants Laurus nobilis, Thymus vulgaris, Mentha piperita, Cymbopogon citratus and Lippia junelliana against the following Candida species isolated from clinical samples: C. krusei (n = 10); C. albicans (n = 50); C. glabrata (n = 70) and C. parapsilosis (n = 80). The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined according to EDef 7.3.1 document from EUCAST. Amphotericin B and fluconazole were the antifungal drugs used as inhibition control. The concentration ranges evaluated were 0.4-800 and 0.03-128 mg l-1 for essential oils and antifungal drugs, respectively. MIC50 and MIC90, mode and ranges were calculated. All the Candida spp. evaluated were susceptible to amphotericin B (MIC ≤ 1 mg l-1), while fluconazole was inactive for C. krusei (MIC ≥ 32 mg l-1) and intermediate for C. glabrata (MIC≤ 32 mg l-1). The essential oils showed antifungal activity on Candida spp. tested with MIC90 values ranging from 0.8 to 800 mg l-1. In general, the most active essential oils were L. nobilis and T. vulgaris (MIC90 0.8-0.16 mg l-1), and the least active was C. officinalis (MIC90 400-800 mg l-1). C. krusei was inhibited by 5/6 of the essential oils evaluated, and C. glabrata was the least susceptible one. This in vitro study confirms the antifungal activity of these six essential oils assayed which could be a potential source of new molecules useful to control fungal infections caused by some Candida species, including those resistant to antifungal drugs.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Candida/isolamento & purificação , Candidíase/microbiologia , Cymbopogon/química , Humanos , Laurus/química , Lippia/química , Mentha piperita/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Thymus (Planta)/química
16.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 141: 142-153, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163341

RESUMO

Plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) are agriculturally important soil bacteria that increase plant growth. We subjected peppermint to inoculation with three species of PGPB. After inoculation, the plants were sprayed with methyl jasmonate solution (MeJA) or SA (salicylic acid). Then, the plants were harvested and the plant growth parameters, trichome density, EO content and endogenous phytohormones were measured. Shoot fresh weight was reduced in plants inoculated and treated with MeJA whereas EO content varied depending on the MeJA concentration applied. Plants inoculated and treated with MeJA 2 mM showed the maximum increase in EO production, revealing a synergism between PGPB and MeJA. SA treatments also enhanced EO yield. The increased growth and EO production observed upon PGPB application were at least partly due to an increase in the JA and SA concentrations in the plant, as well as to an associated rise in the glandular trichome density.


Assuntos
Acetatos/farmacologia , Ciclopentanos/química , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Oxilipinas/química , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Ácido Salicílico/química , Tricomas/química , Bacillus subtilis , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Mentha piperita/microbiologia , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Brotos de Planta/química , Pseudomonas fluorescens , Pseudomonas putida
17.
IET Nanobiotechnol ; 13(2): 160-169, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31051446

RESUMO

The potential of Mentha piperita in the iron nanoparticles (FeNPs) production was evaluated for the first time. The influences of the variables such as incubation time, temperature, and volume ratio of the extract to metal ions on the nanoparticle size were investigated using central composite design. The appearance of SPR bands at 284 nm in UV-Vis spectra of the mixtures verified the nanoparticle formation. Incubating the aqueous extract and metal precursor with 1.5 volume ratio at 50°C for 30 min leads to the formation of the smallest nanoparticles with the narrowest size distribution. At the optimal condition, the nanoparticles were found to be within the range of 35-50 nm. Experimental measurements of the average nanoparticle size were fitted well to the polynomial model satisfactory with R2 of 0.9078. Among all model terms, the linear term of temperature, the quadratic terms of temperature, and mixing volume ratio have the significant effects on the nanoparticle average size. FeNPs produced at the optimal condition were characterised by transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The observed weight loss in the TGA curve confirms the encapsulation of FeNPs by the biomolecules of the extract which were dissociated by heat.


Assuntos
Química Verde/métodos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Mentha piperita/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Tamanho da Partícula , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
18.
J Microencapsul ; 36(2): 109-119, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982381

RESUMO

Aim: The aim was to choose the optimal encapsulation system and to incorporate encapsulates loaded with essential oil into the ice cream as a model food product. Methods: Ca-alginate beads were produced by electrostatic extrusion process. Gelatine/alginate coacervates were processed with coacervation. Carnauba wax microparticles were produced using melt dispersion process. Morphological properties, chemical, and thermal stabilities of encapsulates were tested by SEM, FTIR spectral, and thermogravimetric analysis. Results: Alginate provided sufficient emulsion stability over 1 h. Ca-alginate showed higher encapsulation efficiency (EE) (98.4 ± 4.3%) compared to carnauba wax (94.2 ± 7.8%) and gelatine/alginate coacervates (13.2 ± 1.2%). The presence of essential oil in all three types of encapsulates confirmed with FTIR. The encapsulation process ensured controlled release and thermal stability of the oil. Conclusions: Ca-alginate matrix as the most suitable for peppermint essential oil encapsulation. The sensory analysis showed that ice cream incorporating encapsulates is a promising system for the consumption of health beneficial peppermint essential oil.


Assuntos
Aditivos Alimentares/química , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Alginatos/química , Composição de Medicamentos , Emulsões/química , Aditivos Alimentares/administração & dosagem , Sorvetes/análise , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem , Óleos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Ceras/química
19.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 156: 138-144, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31027573

RESUMO

The efficiency of chemically characterized Mentha piperita L. essential oil (EO), a plant based insecticide was tested for acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE) and antioxidant enzyme system (SOD, CAT, GSH and GSSH) in Sitophilus oryzae (L.) and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst.). GC-MS results evidenced for menthone and menthol as the major compounds of EO. As a fumigant, EO and its major component showed 100% mortality at 75.0 µL/L air and 100.0 µL/L air against S. oryzae and T. castaneum at 24 h of exposure. Antifeedant activity exhibited 100% lethal activity against pests in comparison to sub lethal doses. In vivo percent inhibition of AChE activity ranged between S. oryzae (29.68%, 18.81% and 14.34%) and T. castaneum (20.67%, 13.73% and 9.19%). Significant changes in antioxidant defense system studied for SOD, CAT, GSH and GSSH were noticed. Results revealed the toxicity of EO associations with the inhibition of AChE activity accompanied by oxidative imbalance. Therefore, M. piperita EO has a noteworthy role in insecticidal properties and could be recommended as an eco-friendly alternative to synthetic insecticides.


Assuntos
Inseticidas/farmacologia , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Glutationa/metabolismo
20.
Food Microbiol ; 82: 20-29, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31027774

RESUMO

This study evaluated the efficacy of the essential oil from Mentha piperita L. (MPEO) to inactivate cells of the potentially spoilage yeasts Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Pichia anomala and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in cashew, guava, mango and pineapple juices during 72 h of refrigerated storage. Damage in different physiological functions caused by MPEO in S. cerevisiae in cashew and guava juices were investigated using flow cytometry (FC). The effects of the incorporation of an effective anti-yeast MPEO dose on sensory characteristics of juices were also evaluated. MPEO displayed minimum inhibitory concentration of 1.875 µL/mL against all tested yeasts. A >5 log reduction in counts of C. albicans, P. anomala and S. cerevisiae was observed in cashew and guava juices with 7.5 and 3.75 µL/mL MPEO. Tested MPEO concentrations (1.875, 3.75 and 7.5 µL/mL) were not effective to cause >5 log reduction in counts of target yeasts in mango and pineapple juices during 72 h of exposure. Incorporation of 1.875 µL/mL MPEO in cashew and guava juices strongly compromised membrane permeability, membrane potential, enzymatic activity and efflux pump activity in S. cerevisiae cells. This same MPEO concentration did not affect appearance, odor and viscosity in fruit juices, but negatively affected their taste and aftertaste. These results show the efficacy of MPEO to inactivate potentially spoilage yeasts in fruit juices through disturbance of different physiological functions in yeast cells. However, the combined use of MPEO with other technologies should be necessary to decrease its effective anti-yeast dose in fruit juices and, consequently, the possible negative impacts on specific sensory properties of these products.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/microbiologia , Mentha piperita/química , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Leveduras/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida tropicalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Viabilidade Microbiana , Pichia/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Leveduras/fisiologia
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