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1.
J Nurs Adm ; 51(3): 149-155, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570372

RESUMO

Healthcare organizations must be intentional and purposeful in creating diversity programs. A nursing leader mentorship program for racial and ethnic minority nurse managers was introduced at a large academic medical center to meet this need. The program design was based on the successful Leadership Institute for Black Nurses, first conducted at a university school of nursing. The participants in the 4-month program were 16 nurse managers from 2 city hospitals and their mentors.


Assuntos
Currículo , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Grupos Étnicos/educação , Tutoria/organização & administração , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Minoritários/educação , Enfermeiras Administradoras/educação , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Liderança , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Adulto Jovem
3.
Siglo cero (Madr.) ; 51(3): 27-46, jul.-sept. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198058

RESUMO

Las personas con discapacidad intelectual pueden necesitar una planificación centrada en los procesos de final de la vida para una muerte digna en situaciones de enfermedad avanzada, progresiva e incurable. El objetivo del estudio ha sido conocer las percepciones, actitudes, valores y creencias de las familias y sistematizar las actuaciones de los profesionales en los procesos de final de la vida de las personas usuarias del servicio de vivienda de Uliazpi. Se ha diseñado y aplicado una encuesta a tutores/familiares de las personas usuarias sobre diferentes aspectos de este tema. Los resultados del estudio muestran un deseo claro de participar en el proceso, de recibir cuidados paliativos cuando sean necesarios y de acompañar a su familiar en condiciones de intimidad. A partir de estos resultados, se han identificado actuaciones para el apoyo y acompañamiento de las personas usuarias y de sus familias y tutores, en coherencia con la Ley vasca de Garantía de los Derechos y de la Dignidad de las personas en el proceso final de la vida y con las preferencias y valores de las personas usuarias y de sus tutores y familiares


Persons with intellectual disabilities may need plans for dignified end-of-life processes in situations of advanced, progressive and incurable illness. The aim of the study has been to learn the perceptions, attitudes, values and beliefs of their families and systematize the actions to be taken by professionals in the end-of-life processes of users of Uliazpi's housing service. A survey has been drawn up on different aspects of this topic and given to users' tutors/families. The results of the survey show the desire to participate in the decision making, to receive palliative care when necessary and to accompany their relatives in conditions of intimacy. With these results, actions have been identified for the support and accompaniment of users and their families/tutors in accordance with the Basque Law on the Guarantee of Rights and Dignity of Persons in the End-of-Life Process, taking into account users' preferences and values and those of their tutors and relatives


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Deficiência Intelectual/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida/estatística & dados numéricos , Percepção , Família/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tomada de Decisões , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(25): 14077-14083, 2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522881

RESUMO

Einstein believed that mentors are especially influential in a protégé's intellectual development, yet the link between mentorship and protégé success remains a mystery. We marshaled genealogical data on nearly 40,000 scientists who published 1,167,518 papers in biomedicine, chemistry, math, or physics between 1960 and 2017 to investigate the relationship between mentorship and protégé achievement. In our data, we find groupings of mentors with similar records and reputations who attracted protégés of similar talents and expected levels of professional success. However, each grouping has an exception: One mentor has an additional hidden capability that can be mentored to their protégés. They display skill in creating and communicating prizewinning research. Because the mentor's ability for creating and communicating celebrated research existed before the prize's conferment, protégés of future prizewinning mentors can be uniquely exposed to mentorship for conducting celebrated research. Our models explain 34-44% of the variance in protégé success and reveals three main findings. First, mentorship strongly predicts protégé success across diverse disciplines. Mentorship is associated with a 2×-to-4× rise in a protégé's likelihood of prizewinning, National Academy of Science (NAS) induction, or superstardom relative to matched protégés. Second, mentorship is significantly associated with an increase in the probability of protégés pioneering their own research topics and being midcareer late bloomers. Third, contrary to conventional thought, protégés do not succeed most by following their mentors' research topics but by studying original topics and coauthoring no more than a small fraction of papers with their mentors.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Estatísticos , Ciência/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Mentores/psicologia , Comportamento Social , Estudantes/psicologia
5.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(3): 310-315, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563342

RESUMO

Dermatology is currently the second least diverse medical specialty, after orthopedic surgery, with only a minority of physicians identifying as underrepresented in medicine (UIM). To diversify our specialty, our understanding and recognition of multifactorial barriers to inclusivity such as financial barriers, lack of mentorship, and the implicit bias against minorities UIM is critical. With collaborative efforts by national dermatology organizations, dermatology residency programs, and medical schools to increase the presence of UIM dermatology physicians in the US health care, this important issue continues to receive the attention it deserves.


Assuntos
Dermatologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Dermatologia/economia , Dermatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Mão de Obra em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Dermatologia/organização & administração , Humanos , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Minoritários , Sociedades Médicas , Estados Unidos
6.
J Strength Cond Res ; 34(7): 1894-1902, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379242

RESUMO

Shurley, JP, Ednie, AJ, and Rudebeck, TJ. Strength and conditioning practices of head coaches of male and female interscholastic sport teams. J Strength Cond Res 34(7): 1894-1902, 2020-In a 1989 position paper, the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) recommended that male and female athletes be trained in a similar manner with regard to modalities and program design. To determine whether that recommendation is being followed, this study examined training practices of coaches of male and female athletes at the interscholastic level. Electronic surveys regarding strength training practices were distributed to head coaches of boys' football, basketball, soccer, and baseball and girls' volleyball, basketball, soccer, and softball in the states of Texas and Wisconsin. Overall, 85% of coaches (n = 85) reported that they require their athletes to strength train. There was no difference in whether strength training was required based on athlete sex (X = 0.16, df = 1, p = 0.69) or the sex of the coach (X = 0.63, df = 1, p = 0.43). The majority (67%) of teams strength trained once weekly during the season and 21% trained twice weekly. In the off-season, only 12% of teams trained once weekly, whereas 44% of teams strength trained 2 times per week and 29% 3 times weekly. The most common types of lift performed for both sexes were "bodyweight exercises," followed by "dumbbell presses," bench press, back squats, and front squats. Both female and male athletes trained most commonly at 4-8 repetition and 9-12 repetition ranges. In contrast to previous studies and in accordance with the NSCA recommendation, it seems that the high school coaches surveyed in this work largely train male and female athletes in a similar fashion with regard to training frequency, intensity, and modalities.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Treinamento de Resistência/normas , Esportes , Feminino , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Masculino , Mentores/educação , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Texas , Wisconsin
7.
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol ; 64(5): 470-497, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126867

RESUMO

Research on incarcerated offenders trained to help prisoners change is rare because programs that equip inmates with practical capacities for helping others rehabilitate in prison hardly exist. An exception is the Field Ministry program in Texas, which enlists inmates who have graduated from a prison-based seminary to work as "Field Ministers" and serve other inmates in various capacities. We hypothesize that inmate exposure to Field Ministers is inversely related to antisocial factors and positively to prosocial ones. We applied manifest-variable structural equation modeling to analyze data from a survey of a random sample of male inmates at three maximum-security prisons where the Field Ministry program operated. We found that inmates exposed more frequently to the Field Ministry and for a longer time period tended to report lower levels of criminological risk factors and aggressiveness and higher levels of virtues and predictors of human agency as well as religiosity and spirituality.


Assuntos
Clero/psicologia , Mentores/psicologia , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Clero/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Prisões/organização & administração , Fatores de Proteção , Religião , Espiritualidade , Texas , Virtudes
8.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(4): 814e-817e, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors conducted this study to assess the impact that Drs. Joseph Gruss and Paul Manson have had on craniofacial surgery through their individual contributions and through their trainees. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of fellows trained by either Dr. Gruss or Dr. Manson. Demographic and bibliometric measures were recorded for each fellow. Demographic factors included years since completion of fellowship training, current practice of craniomaxillofacial surgery, academic practice, and academic leadership roles. Bibliometric measures included number of publications, number of citations, and h-index. To adjust for scholarly activity before fellowship training, only contributions published after fellowship training were included. RESULTS: Over a 39-year period, a total of 86 surgeons completed fellowship training with either of the two principal surgeons. The mean time since completion of training was 18.7 ± 11.4 years. Seventy-nine percent of surgeons had active practices in craniomaxillofacial surgery; 54 percent had academic practices. The mean number of publications was 26.4 ± 69.3, the mean number of citations was 582 ± 2406, and the average h-index was 6.7 ± 10.6. Among academic surgeons, the average h-index was 10.7 ± 13.1, 89 percent practiced in North America, 89 percent had active practices in craniomaxillofacial surgery, and nearly 50 percent had achieved a leadership role. CONCLUSIONS: Modern craniofacial reconstruction has evolved from principles used in trauma and correction of congenital differences. The extensive impact that Drs. Paul Manson and Joseph Gruss have had on the field, and plastic surgery at large, is evident through their primary contributions and the immense impact their trainees have had on the field.


Assuntos
Docentes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Ortognática/história , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/história , Docentes de Medicina/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Internato e Residência/história , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Liderança , Mentores/história , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , América do Norte , Cirurgia Ortognática/educação , Cirurgia Ortognática/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos/história , Publicações/história , Publicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/história , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgiões/educação , Cirurgiões/história , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Am Surg ; 86(2): 152-157, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32106909

RESUMO

The professional use of social media is increasingly prevalent today, particularly in medicine and surgery. Several recent movements have highlighted the strengths of this forum for networking and mentorship for females in surgery who otherwise may lack mentors locally. We sought to describe modern uses for and strengths of social media for women in surgery globally via a systematic review of the literature. Multiple efforts and avenues have promoted gender equality in surgery, while also uniting female surgeons in a collaborative virtual network of colleagues. In particular, movements on Twitter, such as #ILookLikeASurgeon and #NYerORCoverChallenge, as well as other collaborative virtual fora have brought visibility to female surgeons, while drawing the young population of students and trainees toward surgical careers. Social media provides a unique opportunity for female trainees and established surgeons alike to network and establish mentorship relationships, which may aid in fostering interest in surgery and closing the gender gap in our field.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Médicas , Mídias Sociais , Cirurgiões , Escolha da Profissão , Feminino , Humanos , Tutoria/métodos , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicas/organização & administração , Médicas/provisão & distribução , Salários e Benefícios/estatística & dados numéricos , Sexismo , Mídias Sociais/organização & administração , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais/tendências , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Cirurgiões/provisão & distribução
10.
Acad Med ; 95(5): 730-736, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972672

RESUMO

The Colorado Mentoring Training program (CO-Mentor) was developed at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus in 2010, supported by the Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute. CO-Mentor represents a different paradigm in mentorship training by focusing equally on the development of mentees, who are valued as essential to institutional capacity for effective mentorship. The training model is unique among Clinical and Translational Science Award sites in that it engages mentors and mentees in an established relationship. Dyads participate in 4 day-long sessions scheduled throughout the academic year. Each session features workshops that combine didactic and experiential components. The latter provide structured opportunities to develop mentorship-related skills, including self-knowledge and goal setting, communication skills (including negotiation), "managing up," and the purposeful development of a mentorship support network. Mentors and mentees in 3 recent cohorts reported significant growth in confidence with respect to all mentorship-related skills assessed using a pre-post evaluation survey (P = .001). Mentors reported the most growth in relation to networking to engage social and professional support to realize goals as well as sharing insights regarding paths to success. Mentees reported the most growth with respect to connecting with potential/future mentors, knowing characteristics to look for in current/future mentors, and managing the work environment (e.g., prioritizing work most fruitful to advancing research/career objectives). CO-Mentor represents a novel approach to enhancing mentorship capacity by investing equally in the development of salient skills among mentees and mentors and in the mentorship relationship as an essential resource for professional development, persistence, and scholarly achievement.


Assuntos
Educação/métodos , Tutoria/métodos , Mentores/psicologia , Pesquisadores/educação , Colorado , Humanos , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pesquisa Médica Translacional/educação , Pesquisa Médica Translacional/métodos
11.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 17, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning is well established in medical education; however, peer tutors rarely act as assessors for the OSCE. In the compulsory, near-peer teaching programme covering basic medical skills at the University of Heidelberg, peer tutors serve as assessors on a formative OSCE. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility and acceptance of peer assessors and to survey the perceived advantages and disadvantages of their use. METHODS: In 2016 and 2017 all OSCE peer assessors (third to sixth-year medical students) and all of the peer-assessed students in 2017 (second-year-medical students) were invited to participate in a survey. Both groups were asked to complete a tablet-based questionnaire immediately after the OSCE. Peer assessors were asked to rate eight statements and the peer-assessed students to rate seven statements on a five-point Likert scale. Both were asked to comment on the advantages and disadvantages of peer-assessors. RESULTS: Overall, 74 of 76 peer assessors and 307 of 308 peer-assessed students participated in the study. 94% (67/74) of peer assessors and 90% (276/307) of the peer-assessed group thought that it is important to have peer tutors as assessors. Of the peer assessors, 92% (68/74) felt confident in giving structured feedback during the OSCE and 66% (49/74) felt they had improved their teaching skills. Of the peer-assessed students, 99% (306/307) were satisfied with their peers as OSCE assessors and 96% (292/307) considered the peer feedback during the OSCE as helpful. The participants mentioned structural benefits, such as lower costs, and suggested the quality of the OSCE was higher due to the use of peer assessors. The use of peer assessors was found to be beneficial for the learners in the form of high-quality feedback and an overall reduction in stress. Furthermore, the use of peer assessors was found to be beneficial for the peer assessors (improved teaching and clinical skills). CONCLUSION: From a learner's perspective, the use of peer assessors for a formative OSCE that is part of a near-peer teaching program aimed at junior medical students is favourable for all. A broad implementation of peer assessment in the formative OSCE should be encouraged to investigate effects on quality and stress-reduction.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Mentores , Revisão por Pares/métodos , Estudantes de Medicina , Adulto , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Currículo , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Anamnese , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Simulação de Paciente , Grupo Associado , Revisão por Pares/normas , Satisfação Pessoal , Exame Físico , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Psicometria , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Nurse Educ Today ; 85: 104272, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mentoring in clinical settings is an important factor in the development of nursing students' professional knowledge and competences, but more knowledge of mentors' current and required competences is needed to improve nursing students' clinical learning. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and test an evidence-based model of mentoring nursing students in clinical practice. DESIGN: An international cross-sectional survey coordinated in five European countries: Finland, Italy, Lithuania, Slovenia and Spain. METHODS: Mentors, 4980 registered nurses working in both primary and specialist healthcare organizations, were invited to participate in the study during 2016-2019. The final sample consisted of 1360 mentors (mean age 41.9 ± 11). Data were collected with background questions and the Mentor Competence Instrument. The instrument was psychometrically validated then the data were used to construct a Structural Equation Model (SEM) with Full Imputation Maximum Likelihood (FIML) estimation. RESULTS: All of six hypotheses were verified. In summary: mentors' characteristics related to their motivation and reflection are positively related to mentoring practices in the workplace, which (together with constructive feedback) are positively related to and foster goal-orientation in students' clinical learning and student-centered evaluation. All parameters in the SEM model were significant and the model's fit indexes were verified (RMSEA = 0.055; SRMR = 0.083; CFI = 0.914, TLI = 0.909). CONCLUSION: Our evidence-based modeling confirms the research hypotheses about mentorship, and identifies focal competences for designing mentors' education to improve students' clinical learning and establish a common European mentoring model. Mentorship is important for both healthcare organizations and educational systems to enhance students' clinical competences, professional growth and commitment to the nursing profession and organizational environments.


Assuntos
Tutoria/normas , Preceptoria/métodos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/normas , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Finlândia , Humanos , Itália , Lituânia , Masculino , Tutoria/métodos , Tutoria/estatística & dados numéricos , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Preceptoria/tendências , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Eslovênia , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Am J Surg ; 219(4): 622-626, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30654918

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Approximately 100 surgeons in Zambia serve a population of 16 million, a severe shortage in basic surgical care. Surgical education in Zambia and other low-middle income countries has not been well characterized. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical training resources from a resident perspective. METHODS: 6 of 8 COSECSA-accredited major medical centers were included. We developed a Surgical Education Capacity Tool to evaluate hospital characteristics including infrastructure, education, and research. The questionnaire was completed by administrators and trainees. RESULTS: 18 of 45 trainees were surveyed. Caseloads and faculty-to-trainee ratio varied by location. No sites had surgical skills, simulation, or research labs. Most had medical libraries, lecture halls, and internet. Outpatient clinics, bedside teaching, M&M conferences, and senior supervision were widely available. Despite some exposure, research mentorship, basic science, and grant application guidance were critically limited. CONCLUSIONS: Lack of access to proper infrastructure, research, and personnel all impact surgical training and education. The Surgical Education Capacity Tool offers insights into areas of potential improvement, and is applicable to other LMICs.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Internato e Residência/organização & administração , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pesquisa Biomédica , Países em Desenvolvimento , Docentes de Medicina/provisão & distribução , Humanos , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Treinamento por Simulação/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Zâmbia
14.
Health Promot J Austr ; 31(1): 16-25, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959560

RESUMO

ISSUE ADDRESSED: Intergenerational mentoring is emerging as a way to provide meaningful engagement and improve wellbeing for older adults in retirement. However, there is little, if any, Australian research concerning the benefits for older mentors involved in such mentoring. This study aims to investigate the experiences of older male mentors involved in an intergenerational mentoring program with young men with intellectual disability and identify any benefits to physical and mental health and generativity. METHODS: This study used a mixed methods concurrent triangulation design. Quantitative outcomes data were collected pre and postintervention using the SF-36 and Loyola Generativity Scale. Qualitative data were collected using a single-interview approach. Mentors and mentees took part in a 6-month mentoring program based in Australian Men's Sheds. RESULTS: No significant changes were seen in physical health and generativity. Investigation of mental health scores revealed a significant improvement in scores on the mental health subscale. Qualitative analysis revealed the main theme as "Learning together through a relational and practical routine" and four sub-themes. CONCLUSION: Men's Shed intergenerational mentoring programs present an environment for older, retired men to express generativity, improve their mental health and bond with younger generations.So what? The potential wellbeing implications for older men through intergenerational mentoring should form the basis of future research and intervention.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Deficiência Intelectual/reabilitação , Saúde Mental , Tutoria/organização & administração , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Austrália , Humanos , Relação entre Gerações , Masculino , Saúde do Homem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida
15.
Nicotine Tob Res ; 22(6): 1041-1045, 2020 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095330

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To implement and evaluate a blended online and in-person training to help mentors of early-career researchers appreciate the complexities of Tobacco Regulatory Science (TRS), refine TRS mentoring skills, and become acquainted with resources for providing effective guidance to TRS mentees. METHODS: TRS mentors engaged in a two-part pilot test of the training program. Authors evaluated both the online and in-person training using retrospective pre-post evaluations, which measure learning at the conclusion of a training program, and post-program focus groups. Twenty learners completed the online training, and 16 learners attended the in-person training module. Nine participants completed evaluations for the online module, and 12 participants completed evaluations for the in-person module. RESULTS: Program assessments revealed that participants found that the training achieved its overall goals. The majority of respondents (87.5%) rated the online portion of the training as valuable. For the in-person training, participants reported statistically significant improvements regarding confidence in: helping mentees to identify skills and training to effectively pursue TRS, assisting mentees in weighing career trajectories, and guiding mentees in conducting research responsive to TRS regulatory priorities. CONCLUSIONS: The novel mentoring program was well received by faculty seeking to strengthen skills for mentoring early-career TRS researchers to navigate the complex landscape of TRS, explore diverse funding opportunities, and discern potential career trajectories. It provided unique content to address issues outside the traditional tobacco research training curriculum and offered specific information on regulatory policies, priorities, and opportunities. IMPLICATIONS: This research documents the deployment and evaluation of a blended online and in-person training program for investigators mentoring early-career researchers working in TRS. Our assessment discovered that participants found the training to be valuable to their overall mentoring objectives. The training comprises a novel curriculum for investigators engaged in mentoring early-career researchers in a unique field, thus filling a deficit in the published literature by presenting a curriculum that has been customized to the unique needs of TRS mentors.


Assuntos
Currículo/normas , Tutoria/métodos , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisadores/educação , Indústria do Tabaco/legislação & jurisprudência , Fumar Tabaco/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Pesquisadores/economia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumar Tabaco/epidemiologia , Fumar Tabaco/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos
16.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 31: e3144, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134737

RESUMO

RESUMO O treinamento de forca (TF) com supervisão pode afetar a carga total levantada (CTL), o número total de repetições (NTR), o tempo líquido sob tensão (TLT) e a percepção subjetiva de esforço (PSE) em indivíduos experientes em TF. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito da supervisão do personal trainer na sessão de indivíduos experientes em TF. Quinze homens (20,0±2 anos; 176,0±4 cm; 79,3±4,7 kg) experientes com o TF realizaram duas sessões compostas com exercícios para o corpo todo. Na sessão sem supervisão do personal trainer (SPT) os sujeitos auto selecionaram as intensidades utilizadas nos exercícios e foram orientados à "selecionar a sobrecarga que eles tipicamente utilizam para realizar 10 repetições"; na sessão com a supervisão do personal trainer (CPT) os sujeitos auto selecionaram as intensidades utilizadas nos exercícios e foram orientados à "realizar o máximo de esforço possível". Foi observada maior CTL (P<0,001, Δ%=30), NTR (P<0,001, Δ%=29), TLT (P=0,003, Δ%=21) e PSE (P<0,001, Δ%=29) na sessão de TF. O presente estudo concluiu que as sessões com supervisão de um personal trainer afetam positivamente as variáveis do treinamento.


ABSTRACT Supervised resistance training may affect several acute variables such as volume load (VL), the maximum number of repetitions (NRM), time under tension (TUT), and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) in resistance trained-men. The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of the personal trainer's supervision on a resistance training session in resistance trained-men. Fifteen resistance-trained men (20,0±2 years; 176,0±4 cm; 79,3±4,7 kg) performed two training sessions composed of whole-body exercises. In the session without personal trainer's supervision (NPT) the subjects self-selected their loads for each exercise and were oriented to "select a load typically employed to perform 10 repetitions"; in the session with personal trainer's supervision (WPT) the subjects self-selected their loads for each exercise and were oriented to "perform maximum effort". It was observed greater VL (P<0,001, Δ%=30), NRM (P<0,001, Δ%=29), TUT (P=0,003, Δ%=21), and RPE (P<0,001, Δ%=29) in the resistance training session WPT. The present study concluded that supervised sessions positively affect resistance training variables.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Exercício Físico , Treinamento de Resistência/estatística & dados numéricos , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Desempenho Atlético/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 31: e3111, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134754

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The present study investigated performance school sports practiced in private schools of Curitiba-PR, between 1980 and 1990, through interviews with coaches, athletes and sports managers who experienced the phenomenon in that period. The research is qualitative, and the investigation method used was pure Thematic Oral History. The analyses allowed observing that a good portion of Curitiba's schools back then had performance sports teams; the context of Curitiba's school sports was a sort of metaphor for professional sports; there was a hegemony of team sports; the women's sport sedimented on the interviewees' memory was gymnastics; teams were highly valued in schools; school teams participated in national and international championships; despite the performance character, there was already a difference from the sports played at clubs; some education institutions partnered with sports clubs.


RESUMO O presente estudo investigou a prática do esporte escolar de rendimento em escolas particulares de Curitiba-PR, entre os anos de 1980 e 1990, por meio de entrevistas com técnicos, atletas e gestores esportivos que vivenciaram o fenômeno no período. A pesquisa é de caráter qualitativo e o método de investigação utilizado foi a História Oral temática pura. A partir das análises percebeu-se que boa parte das escolas curitibanas da época mantinham equipes esportivas de rendimento; o contexto do esporte escolar curitibano era uma espécie de metáfora do esporte profissional; havia uma hegemonia dos esportes coletivos; o esporte feminino sedimentado na memória dos entrevistados foi a ginástica; as equipes eram muito valorizadas dentro dos colégios; os times escolares participavam de campeonatos nacionais e internacionais; apesar do caráter de rendimento, já existia diferença do esporte praticado em clubes; algumas instituições de ensino faziam parcerias com clubes esportivos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Comportamento Competitivo , Memória , Instituições Acadêmicas/história , Futebol/educação , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Provas de Rendimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Voleibol/educação , Atletas/educação , Esportes Juvenis/educação , Professores Escolares/história , Desempenho Acadêmico/história , Ginástica/educação
18.
Reprod Health ; 16(1): 147, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) boasts one of the highest rates of institutional deliveries in sub-Saharan Africa (80%), with eight out of every ten births also assisted by a skilled provider. However, the maternal and neonatal mortality are still among the highest in the world, which demonstrates the poor in-facility quality of maternal and newborn care. The objective of this ongoing project is to design, implement, and evaluate a clinical mentorship program in 72 health facilities in two rural provinces of Kwango and Kwilu, DRC. METHODS: This is an ongoing quasi-experimental study. In the 72 facilities, 48 facilities were assigned to the group where the clinical mentorship program is being implemented (intervention group), and 24 facilities were assigned to the group where the clinical mentorship program is not being implemented (control group). The groups were selected and assigned based on administrative criteria, taking into account the number of deliveries in each facility, the coverage of health zones, accessibility, and ease of implementation of a clinical mentorship program. The main activities are organizing and training a national team of mentors (including senior midwives, obstetricians, and pediatricians) in clinical mentoring, deploying them to mentor all health providers (mentees) performing maternal and newborn health (MNH) services, and providing in-service training in routine and Emergency Obstetrical and Newborn Care (EmONC) to the mentees in health facilities over an 18-month period. Baseline and endline assessments are carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of the clinical mentorship program on the quality of MNH care and the effective coverage of key interventions to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. Findings will be disseminated nationwide and internationally, as scientific evidence is scarce. A national strategy, guidelines, and tools for clinical mentorship in MNH will be developed for replication in other provinces, thus benefitting the entire country. DISCUSSION: This is the largest project on clinical mentorship aimed to improving the quality of MNH care in Africa. This program is expected to generate one of the first pieces of scientific evidence on the effectiveness of a clinical mentorship program in MNH on a scientifically designed and sustainable model.


Assuntos
Saúde do Lactente/normas , Saúde Materna/normas , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil/normas , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , República Democrática do Congo , Feminino , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Recém-Nascido , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Gravidez , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde
19.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 46(6): 769-774, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626617

RESUMO

PROBLEM STATEMENT: To describe research mentorship strategies needed to strengthen oncology nursing science and ensure that a cadre of nurse scientists are available to carry out the research mission of the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS). DESIGN: Multimethod consensus-building approach by content experts of the ONS Research Mentorship Task Force and approval by the ONS Board of Directors was employed. DATA SOURCES: Expert opinion, surveys, notes from an all-day research mentorship retreat, and literature review were used. ANALYSIS: Content analysis was used to synthesize notes from the research mentorship retreat. FINDINGS: Various strategies were identified to strengthen the pipeline of oncology nurse scientists and promote development across the career trajectory. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Mentorship is essential to advance the growth and impact of oncology nursing science and requires support throughout the career trajectory.


Assuntos
Guias como Assunto , Pessoal de Laboratório Médico/normas , Mentores/psicologia , Enfermeiras Clínicas/educação , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/normas , Enfermagem Oncológica/educação , Enfermagem Oncológica/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sociedades de Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Grad Med Educ ; 11(5): 535-542, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636823

RESUMO

Background: Generalists who pursue research-intensive fellowships develop research skills and mentor-mentee relationships. Whether gender disparities in retention and promotion exist among this research-trained cohort is understudied. Objective: We measured whether disparities exist among graduates of research-intensive fellowships and how mentorship influences them. Methods: We surveyed generalists (internal medicine, pediatrics, family medicine, combined internal medicine-pediatrics) between July and August 2016 who graduated from research-intensive fellowships. Generalists ("mentees") were asked whether they remained or were promoted, and to name up to 10 influential mentors during or within 5 years of fellowship. Multivariable logistic regression estimated associations between mentee gender and retention and promotion. Next, we separately included 3 network characteristics: (1) mentee degrees (number of mentors reported per mentee); (2) mean mentor betweenness centrality (importance of each mentor within the network); and (3) largest community membership (mentee status in the largest interconnected mentor-mentee group within the network). All models adjusted for generalists' race, specialty, fellowship institution, and publications. Results: One hundred sixty-two graduates (51%) representing 19 institutions responded. In adjusted analyses, compared to men, women were as likely to remain in academic medicine (odds ratio [OR] 1.88; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.72-4.89; P = .20), but less likely to be promoted within 5 years of fellowship (OR 0.26; 95% CI 0.09-0.80; P = .018). Inclusion of network measures did not alter these associations. Conclusions: Despite remaining in academic medicine as frequently as their male counterparts, fellowship-trained women were promoted less often. Features of mentors, measured using network analysis, may not explain these observed differences.


Assuntos
Mobilidade Ocupacional , Bolsas de Estudo/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Escolha da Profissão , Docentes de Medicina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mentores/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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