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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318243

RESUMO

Imatinib is used to treat several haematological and solid malignancies. Cutaneous side effects could often limit the use of this medication. We present a case of a 62-year-old woman with a history of a gastrointestinal stromal tumour that developed a delayed cutaneous adverse reaction 10 days after starting imatinib 400 mg daily. She developed the same symptoms with reintroduction at a dose of 100 mg and with an alternative tyrosine kinase inhibitor, nilotinib 50 mg/day. Given that imatinib was considered her best treatment, she underwent a long induction of drug tolerance (IDT) protocol to imatinib. Patient tolerated the medication without further reactions for 6 months and had improvement of her cancer per last imaging studies. IDT should be considered in delayed hypersensitivity reactions to imatinib after a failed reintroduction of the drug or when no other equally effective agents are available.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Tolerância a Medicamentos/fisiologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Exantema/etiologia , Feminino , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prurido/etiologia
2.
Trials ; 21(1): 897, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115543

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral administration of imatinib combined with the Best Conventional Care (BCC) versus placebo plus BCC in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. HYPOTHESIS: Addition of imatinib to the BCC will provide a superior clinical outcome for patients with COVID-19 compared with BCC plus placebo. This hypothesis is on the basis of 1) intralysosomal entrapment of imatinib will increase endosomal pH and effectively decrease SARS-CoV-2/cell fusion, 2) kinase inhibitory activity of imatinib will interfere with budding/release or replication of SARS-CoV-2, and 3) because of the critical role of mechanical ventilation in the care of patients with ARDS, imatinib will have a significant clinical impact for patients with critical COVID-19 infection in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). TRIAL DESIGN: This is an individual patient-level randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-parallel arm phase 3 study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of imatinib for the treatment of hospitalized adults with COVID-19. Participants will be followed for up to 60 days from the start of study drug administration. This trial will be conducted in accordance with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and the Good Clinical Practice guidelines of the International Conference on Harmonization. PARTICIPANTS: Inclusion Criteria: Patients may be included in the study only if they meet all of the following criteria: 1) Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Informed consent must be obtained prior to participation in the study. For patients who are too unwell to provide consent such as patients on invasive ventilator or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), their Legally Authorized Representative (LAR) can sign the informed consent, 2) Hospitalized patients ≥18 years of age, 3) Positive reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay for SARS-CoV-2 in the respiratory tract sample (oropharyngeal, nasopharyngeal or bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)) by Center for Disease Control or local laboratory within 7 days of randomization, 4) Women of childbearing potential must agree to use at least one primary form of contraception for the duration of the study. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Patients meeting any of the following criteria are not eligible for the study: 1) Patients receiving any other investigational agents in a clinical trial. Off-label use of agents such as hydroxychloroquine is not an exclusion criterion, 2) Pregnant or breastfeeding women, 3) Patients with significant liver or renal dysfunction at the time of screening as defined as: 3.1) Direct bilirubin >2.5 mg/dL, 3.2) AST, ALT, or alkaline phosphatase >5x upper limit of normal, 3.3) eGFR ≤30 mL/min or requiring renal replacement therapy, 4) Patients with significant hematologic disorder at screen as defined as: 4.1) Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <500/µL, 4.2) Platelet <20,000/µL, 4.3) Hemoglobin <7 g/dL, 5) Uncontrolled underlying illness including, but not limited to, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled active seizure disorder, or psychiatric illness/social situations that per site Principal Investigator's judgment would limit compliance with study requirements, 6) Known allergy to imatinib or its component products, 7) Any other clinical conditions that in the opinion of the investigator would make the subject unsuitable for the study. Both men and women of all races and ethnic groups are eligible for this trial. University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD is the initiating site. The study may be opened in other centers on the basis of the accrual rate or the magnitude of the COVID-19 pandemic. INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: Imatinib: All doses of imatinib should be administered with a meal and a large glass of water. Imatinib can be dissolved in water or apple juice for patients having difficulty swallowing. In this study, patients with confirmed positive COVID-19 tests receive imatinib for a total of 14 days; 400 mg orally daily Days 1-14. Imatinib 400 mg tablets will be encapsulated using size 000 capsules and cellulose microcrystalline filler. For patients on ventilator or ECMO, imatinib will be given as oral suspension (40 mg/mL). To make the oral suspension, imatinib tablets will be crushed and mixed in Ora-sweet solution to yield a concentration of 40 mg/mL suspension by pharmacy. Additionally, in the absence of supportive microbiological testing results, we confirm that the in-use stability period for the prepared imatinib suspensions will be 24 hours at room temperature or 7 days at refrigerated conditions. The pharmacy staff will follow the American Society Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) guidelines for handling hazardous drugs. Placebo: The matching placebo will be packaged by Investigational Drug Service Pharmacy at University of Maryland Medical Center. The placebos will be prepared using size 000 capsules and cellulose microcrystalline filler. Imatinib 400 mg capsules and placebo capsules will be identical form and color. For patients on ventilator or ECMO, placebo will be given as oral suspension with similar process for making imatinib suspension. Concomitant Medications/supportive care: In both arms, patients can receive concomitant available local standard of care antipyretics, antibacterials, antivirals, antifungals and anti-inflammatory including hydroxychloroquine at the discretion of the treating physician as necessary. For other drug-drug interactions particularly with CYP P450, the treating physician should consider the risk and benefit of drug administration based on available information. Co-administration of off-label immunomodulatory treatments for COVID-19 including but not limited to corticosteroids, sarilumab, clazakizumab, tocilizumab, and anakinra will be allowed but may affect interpretability of study outcomes. The timing, dosing, and duration of these treatments will be meticulously collected, including any of these treatments that may be used for participants who experience progression of COVID-19 disease after study enrollment. Two analyses will be performed, the primary analysis will compare the primary endpoint in the two trial arms irrespective of any other treatment; the second analysis will be stratified for co-administration of immunomodulatory drugs. MAIN OUTCOMES: The primary endpoint is the proportion of patients with a two-point improvement at Day 14 from baseline using the 8-category ordinal scale. The ordinal scale is an evaluation of the clinical status at the first assessment of a given study day. The scale is as follows: 1) Not hospitalized, no limitations on activities; 2) Not hospitalized, limitation on activities and/or requiring home oxygen; 3) Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - no longer requires ongoing medical care; 4) Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - requiring ongoing medical care (COVID-19 related or otherwise); 5) Hospitalized, requiring supplemental oxygen; 6) Hospitalized, on non-invasive ventilation or high flow oxygen devices; 7) Hospitalized, on invasive mechanical ventilation or ECMO; 8) Death. The secondary endpoints include: All-cause mortality at Day 28, All-cause mortality at Day 60, Time to a 2-point clinical improvement difference over baseline, Duration of hospitalization, Duration of ECMO or invasive mechanical ventilation (for subjects who are on ECMO or mechanical ventilation at Day 1), Duration of ICU stay (for subjects who are in ICU at Day 1), Time to SARS-CoV-2 negative by RT-PCR, Proportion of patients with negative oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR on days 5, 10, 14, 21, and 28 after starting treatment, Proportion of subjects with serious adverse events, Proportion of subjects who discontinue study drug due to adverse events. The exploratory endpoints include: Determine the impact of treatment arms on IL-6 levels, Obtain blood/peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) for storage to look at transcriptomics in severe disease, Association of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) with severity of illness, Mean change in the ordinal scale from baseline, Time to an improvement of one category from admission using an ordinal scale, Duration of hospitalization, Duration of new oxygen use, Number of oxygenation free days, Duration of new mechanical ventilation, Number of ventilator free days. RANDOMIZATION: Eligible patients will be uniformly randomized in 1:1 ratio to receive either imatinib or placebo for 14 days. Both groups will receive the BCC. The randomized treatment allocations use stratified, permuted block randomization with a variable block size; blocks are generated using a validated random number generator. In order to balance the severity of the respiratory illness between the two arms, randomization will be stratified based on radiographic findings and oxygen requirements: 1) Severe disease: evidence of pneumonia on chest X-ray or CT scan OR chest auscultation (rales, crackles), and SpO2 ≤92% on ambient air or PaO2/FiO2 <300 mmHg, and requires supplemental oxygen administration by nasal cannula, simple face mask, or other similar oxygen delivery device; 2) Critical disease: requires supplemental oxygen delivered by non-rebreather mask or high flow cannula OR use of invasive or non-invasive ventilation OR requiring treatment in an intensive care unit, use of vasopressors, extracorporeal life support, or renal replacement therapy. BLINDING (MASKING): The participants, caregivers, and the statistician are blinded to group assignment. The only people who are not blinded are Site Pharmacists. Blinding will be performed via a specific randomization process. Centralized, concealed randomization will be executed by the Primary Site's Pharmacist. Data on eligible consented cases will be submittedelectronically on the appropriate on-study form to the pharmacy, where the patient is randomized to imatinib or placebo. Imatinib 400 mg capsules and placebo capsules will be identical form and color. For patients on ventilator or ECMO, placebo will be given as oral suspension with similar process for making imatinib suspension. NUMBERS TO BE RANDOMIZED (SAMPLE SIZE): The trial is designed as a double-blind, two-parallel arm, randomized controlled trial with a uniform (1:1) allocation ratio to: Arm A) Imatinib or Arm B) Placebo. Patients in both arms will receive the BCC per local institutional standards at the discretion of the treating physician. Group sample sizes of 102 in Arm A and 102 in Arm B achieve 80.6% power to detect a difference between the group proportions of 0.20. The proportion in Arm A (imatinib treatment arm) is assumed to be 0.30 under the null hypothesis and 0.50 under the alternative hypothesis. The proportion in Arm B (placebo control arm) is 0.30. The test statistic used is the two-sided Fisher's Exact Test. The significance level of the test is targeted at 0.05. The significance level actually achieved by this design is α=0.0385. The power of the test is calculated using binomial enumeration of all possible outcomes. The primary analysis will be conducted using an intention to treat principle (ITT) for participants who at least receive one dose of study drug or placebo. The sample size is not inflated for dropouts. All patients will be evaluable irrespective of the clinical course of their disease. TRIAL STATUS: Current protocol version is 1.2 from May 8, 2020. The recruitment started on June 15, 2020 and is ongoing. We originally anticipated that the trial would finish recruitment by mid 2021. We are aware of the enrollment requirement of approximately 200 patients, which is required to provide scientific integrity of the results. We are also aware of the fact that enrolling this number of patients in a single-site at University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC) may take longer than expected, particularly taken into account other competing studies. For this reason, we are actively considering opening the protocol in other sites. After identification of other sites, we will fulfill all regulatory requirements before opening the protocol in other sites. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04394416 . First Posted: May 19, 2020; Last Update Posted: June 4, 2020. FDA has issued the "Study May Proceed" Letter for this clinical trial under the Investigational New Drug (IND) number 149239. FULL PROTOCOL: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest in expediting dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Mesilato de Imatinib , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Administração Oral , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5313-5317, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Imatinib (IM) is the standard-of-care treatment for most chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients in chronic phase (CP). However, some patients suffer from low-grade side-effects that, in the long run, severely affect the quality of life and require treatment discontinuation due to toxicities. Fortunately, there are several therapeutic alternatives for these patients. Among them, the second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib (DAS), used as second-line treatment, has shown to be a valid option in patients with CP-CML after intolerance to prior IM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Herein, we report on seven CP-CML patients who achieved a stable major molecular response (MMR) with IM-therapy, but were shifted to DAS treatment due to recurrent low-grade IM-intolerances (grades 1-2). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: All patients received conventional DAS treatment with a median daily dose of 83.3 mg. Treatment was well tolerated and side-effects were mild. In addition, after a median follow-up of 25 months (range=24-43 months) a deep molecular response (DMR) (either MR4 or MR4.5) was achieved in all patients after 24 months of treatment. This finding, although limited to a small cohort of CP-CML patients, supports the view that a therapy switch from IM to DAS induces a reduction of symptom burden, improves patient compliance and shows clinical efficacy in achieving and sustaining deep molecular responses.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Cooperação do Paciente , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Dasatinibe/administração & dosagem , Dasatinibe/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Gradação de Tumores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Retratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 917-921, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927519

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumors in the gastrointestinal tract. Surgical resection is the only curative treatment, while imatinib is the first-line therapy for recurrent, metastatic, and unresectable GIST. However, more than half of GIST patients suffer from secondary resistance to imatinib within 2 years after treatment initiation. Therefore, early diagnosis, drug resistance and recurrence surveillance are critical for GIST patients. Liquid biopsy is a new method which utilizes the detection of tumor biomarkers in peripheral blood for early diagnosis and therapeutic efficacy assessment. In recent years, liquid biopsy has achieved significant research progress in several kinds of malignancy. This review aims at presenting an overview on research advance of liquid biopsy in GIST and may provide a new method for early diagnosis and therapeutic efficacy assessment of GIST.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Biópsia Líquida , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/sangue , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/sangue , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia
5.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(6)2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815695

RESUMO

Pemphigus is an autoimmune bullous disease with a number of described associations, including medications, which have been grouped into three structural categories - thiol drugs, phenol drugs, and drugs with neither functional group [1]. Discontinuation of the offending medication is considered a mainstay of therapy. We report a patient in whom the onset of pemphigus foliaceus was associated with initiation of imatinib mesylate adjuvant therapy in a patient with resected gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Imatinib was continued because of the survival benefit to the patient with a resected, high risk GIST. Treatment with rituximab resulted in near resolution of his blistering rash and follow up enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) demonstrated reference range immunoreactivity for both desmoglein 1 and desmoglein 3. After dose increase of imatinib therapy owing to tumor growth, the patient subsequently again developed a similar eruption. Re-biopsy and ELISA were consistent with recurrence of pemphigus. In conclusion, although the patient's pemphigus was cleared with a single cycle of rituximab infusions while continuing imatinib therapy, the disease returned after imatinib dose was increased a year later, suggesting a dose-response relationship.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Pênfigo/induzido quimicamente , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Pele/patologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Biópsia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/complicações , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/complicações , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pênfigo/tratamento farmacológico , Pênfigo/patologia
7.
Leuk Res ; 95: 106405, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590107

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) on the statural growth in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 344 children with ALL younger than 17 years old at diagnosis identified in pediatric department of Peking University People's Hospital. The children were divided into three groups: conventional chemotherapy group, imatinib group and dasatinib group. Height was expressed as standard deviation score(HtSDS). In the three groups, we compared the HtSDS and △HtSDS at the start of treatment and during follow-up period and also compared the adult height and median parental height(MPH). We further compared the HtSDS classified by age and gender in imatinib group. At last, univariate analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors on the deceleration of height growth by imatinib. RESULTS: There were 298 children in conventional chemotherapy group, 39 in imatinib group and 7 in dasatinib group. In imatinib group, the mean HtSDS of children at follow-up time was significantly lower than that at the start of treatment (P < 0.05), regardless of age and gender. In imatinib group, the decrease of HtSDS in girls was more obvious than in boys(P = 0.031). The HtSDS gradually decreased in the first and the second year in imatinib group. After discontinuation of imatinib, the HtSDS had no obvious change. Multivariate analysis showed that the HtSDS at the start of imatinib was negatively correlated with severe growth impairment on imatinib therapy. The HtSDS in dasatinib group and conventional chemotherapy group maintained a high degree of consistency. CONCLUSION: Imatinib can affect growth velocity in children with ALL, regardless of age and gender. With the discontinuation of imatinib, the inhibitory effect will not continue. The lower HtSDS at the start of imatinib therapy, the more obvious effect of imatinib on growth impairment will be, and the effect will be more obvious in girls than boys.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Estatura/efeitos dos fármacos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dasatinibe/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Caracteres Sexuais
8.
Int J Hematol ; 112(4): 584-591, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557125

RESUMO

A 66-year-old man with hypertension was diagnosed with chronic myelogenous leukemia in 1996. Treatment was started with hydroxycarbamide and imatinib 400 mg in 1996 + 6, which was increased to 600 mg. Although he achieved a complete cytogenic response in 1996 + 9, he could not continue imatinib because of edema; the regimen was changed to nilotinib 800 mg in 1996 + 13. After he achieved a molecular response better than 4.5 in 1996 + 19, he was referred to our hospital. His urinalysis had shown urine protein since 1996 + 13, and his creatinine level increased in 1996 + 16. Renal biopsy, performed in 1996 + 20, revealed abdominal distention and massive ascites. After the nilotinib dosage was reduced to 400 mg, liver biopsy, also performed in 1996 + 20, revealed hypertrophy of renal small blood vessels and endothelial cells of the hepatic artery and loss of endothelial cells of the renal glomeruli, portal vein, and hepatic sinusoids. Both renal and liver biopsies revealed marked pathological vascular damage. The patient took oral imatinib for approximately 3.5 years and nilotinib for 11 years. Pathological findings indicated a tendency for thrombosis, which could induce vascular occlusive disease. Accumulation of cases, such as the present case, is needed to further analyze the pathophysiological processes.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Substituição de Medicamentos , Humanos , Hidroxiureia/administração & dosagem , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/patologia , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Int J Hematol ; 112(1): 41-45, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306183

RESUMO

BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have dramatically improved survival outcomes in patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP) and are associated with a manageable safety profile. However, long-term TKI administration can lead to cardiovascular or renal adverse events. One goal in discontinuation of TKIs was reduction of adverse events, but it is unclear whether chronic toxicities are ameliorated as a result. In this study, we evaluated changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with CML-CP before and after TKI discontinuation. Long-term TKI treatment appears to induce renal toxicity, as eGFR at the time of TKI discontinuation correlated with the duration of TKI treatment (r = - 0.478, p = 0.005). Patients who received imatinib as first-line treatment exhibited lower eGFR levels than those treated with dasatinib or nilotinib, which may be correlated with long-term treatment (p = 0.027). After TKI discontinuation, no significant increases in eGFR were seen either in patients with treatment-free remission (66.8-71.2 ml/min/1.73 m2) or molecular relapse (64.8-68.7 ml/min/1.73 m2, p = 0.666). These data indicate that TKI-induced renal toxicities are associated with long-term TKI treatment, and may be irreversible even following treatment discontinuation.


Assuntos
Dasatinibe/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/efeitos dos fármacos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/fisiopatologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dasatinibe/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo , Suspensão de Tratamento
10.
Oncology ; 98(7): 445-451, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Target therapy can cause various cardiovascular complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular complications related to treatment with anti-BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and to determine if there are differences between the latest- and first-generation TKIs. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out on 55 patients (39 men, 16 women; mean age ± SD: 58 ± 11 years) treated with TKIs targeting Bcr-Abl for a median period of 3.5 years. Patients were divided in two groups according to the type of treatment. Group A included patients treated with latest-generation TKI (nilotinib, dasatinib, and ponatinib), while group B included patients treated with first-generation TKI (imatinib). Cardiological evaluation included electrocardiogram, echocardiogram with global longitudinal strain of left ventricle (GLS), and carotid ultrasound scan with arterial stiffness measurement (pulse wave velocity, PWV). Adverse cardiovascular events were recorded in both groups. RESULTS: Statistical analysis showed that cardiovascular adverse events (myocardial ischemia, peripheral artery disease, deep vein thrombosis, and pleural effusion) were significantly more frequent in group A than group B (p value = 0.044). Moreover, there was a significant reduction in GLS and PWV in group A when compared to group B (respectively, p = 0.03 and p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms that imatinib is a relatively safe drug, while it reveals that the latest-generation TKIs may cause a burden of cardiovascular complications. GLS and PWV allow detection of early signs of cardiac and vascular toxicity in oncohematologic patients treated with TKI, and their use is advisable.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/induzido quimicamente , Dasatinibe/efeitos adversos , Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Imidazóis/efeitos adversos , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Piridazinas/efeitos adversos , Piridazinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Leukemia ; 34(8): 2064-2073, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265500

RESUMO

Early molecular response is associated with improved probability of deep molecular response and superior survival in patients with CML-CP. However, ~1 in 3 patients on first-line imatinib do not achieve this threshold. The phase 2b DASCERN trial (NCT01593254) assessed the outcome of early switch to dasatinib in patients with suboptimal response to first-line imatinib. Adult patients with CML-CP were randomized (2:1) to receive 100 mg dasatinib (n = 174) or continue imatinib at ≥400 mg (n = 86). The primary endpoint was the rate of major molecular response (MMR) at 12 months, which was 29% (dasatinib) and 13% (imatinib; P = 0.005). After ≥2 years of follow-up, 45 patients (52%) randomized to continue imatinib had crossed over to dasatinib. Considering treatment crossover, the 2-year cumulative MMR rate was 64% with dasatinib and 41% with imatinib (66% and 67%, respectively by intent-to-treat). Adverse events were consistent with the established safety profiles of both drugs. The results of this first prospective study support early monitoring of patients treated with first-line imatinib, and suggest that switching to dasatinib in cases of suboptimal response may offer clinical benefit. Further follow-up is needed to assess the long-term clinical benefit of early switching.


Assuntos
Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dasatinibe/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Transplant Proc ; 52(2): 604-607, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029318

RESUMO

Consensus regarding kidney transplantation feasibility in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) well controlled by tyrosine kinase inhibitors has not yet been achieved. Here, we report a patient with CML well controlled by tyrosine kinase inhibitors who developed end-stage renal disease during treatment and underwent kidney transplantation. CML activity has been carefully and successfully controlled for 4 years post-transplant. Very cautious dose adjustment and temporary cessation of nilotinib were required because kidney function fluctuated in reference to the doses of nilotinib.


Assuntos
Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Falência Renal Crônica/induzido quimicamente , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Anticancer Res ; 40(2): 1147-1152, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant treatment with imatinib mesylate (IM) has not been established for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). A case of a giant gastric GIST that was radically resected following neoadjuvant therapy with IM is reported. CASE REPORT: A 71-year-old woman with abdominal distension was referred to our hospital for treatment. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a large (>30 cm), heterogeneous mass, with dilated vessels around the tumor. The diagnosis was a gastric GIST by endoscopic ultrasound-fine needle aspiration, and neoadjuvant therapy with 400 mg IM daily was started. Radical surgery was performed after 13 months. Since the tumor was not invasive, complete resection by partial gastrectomy was achieved without the need for combined resection of other organs. The patient remains alive without recurrence 12 months after surgery. CONCLUSION: A giant GIST, larger than 30 cm in size, is quite rare. Neoadjuvant IM treatment should be considered in the management of large GISTs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Gastrectomia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/terapia , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Biópsia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
15.
J Oncol Pharm Pract ; 26(6): 1511-1515, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067560

RESUMO

CASE REPORT: Imatinib mesylate is a well-known tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, as well as a variety of other malignancies.Management and outcome: As use of this medication continues to grow, providers must be aware of potential side effects and management thereof. The toxicity profile of imatinib has been well characterized with most patients experiencing a grade 1 or 2 adverse event. These side effects are usually mild, and most patients can continue treatment without interruption. Around 30% of patients on imatinib experience skin toxicity, with 5% being high grade. This rash is typically hypopigmented, which is explained by imatinib's effect on melanocytes. DISCUSSION: Although there have been several case reports describing hyperpigmentation of the oral mucosa or nails, very few have described skin hyperpigmentation. We previously reported the first two cases of imatinib-related squamous cell carcinoma in patients undergoing treatment for gastrointestinal stromal tumors. In this paper, we present a case of a patient on imatinib for management of gastrointestinal stromal tumor who experienced extensive skin hyperpigmentation and review the literature.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Hiperpigmentação/induzido quimicamente , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
16.
Blood Adv ; 4(3): 440-443, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995156

RESUMO

FIP1L1-PDGFRA-positive myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms with eosinophilia (MLN-eo) are exquisitely sensitive to imatinib. Almost all patients achieve a complete molecular remission (CMR) by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, which can be maintained with low-dose imatinib (eg, 3 × 100 mg/wk). Because imatinib can be safely stopped in a substantial proportion of patients with BCR-ABL1-positive CML, we sought to analyze the clinical and molecular follow-up of 12 FIP1L1-PDGFRA-positive patients with MLN-eo in chronic phase who discontinued imatinib after achievement of a CMR. Median time of treatment and median time of CMR before imatinib discontinuation (last dose at 3 × 100 mg/wk, n = 8; or 100 mg/d, n = 4) were 80 (range, 43-175) and 66 (range, 37-174) months, respectively. A molecular relapse was observed in 4 patients after 10, 22 (n = 2), and 24 months. A second CMR was achieved in 3 patients after 3, 4, and 21 months. Eight patients (62%) are in ongoing CMR (median, 17 months; range, 3-71 months). Molecular relapse-free survival was 91% at 12 months and 65% at 24 months. No significant differences (eg, dose and duration of imatinib treatment or duration of CMR before imatinib discontinuation) were identified between patients with and without molecular relapse. Our data demonstrate that imatinib can be safely stopped in FIP1L1-PDGFRA-positive MLN-eo because of a high treatment-free remission at 12 and 24 months and because most patients achieve a rapid second CMR after restart of imatinib.


Assuntos
Eosinofilia/etiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/sangue , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Humanos , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 435-441, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892598

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of the Imadje study was to confirm the efficacy and safety of imatinib, following resection of kit-positive gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST), in the adjuvant setting in the Greek population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 34 adult patients already receiving imatinib were enrolled. Recurrence-free (RFS) and overall survival, as well as time to treatment failure and safety were assessed. RESULTS: Overall survival could not be estimated in the present study, as no death occurred. Overall, 91.2% of patients were recurrence-free at 36 months, while the median time to treatment failure was 35 months. No new or unexpected safety findings were observed. Mutation analysis in 14 patients showed that the most frequent mutations were located in KIT exon 11 (64.3%) and exon 9 (28.6%). Univariate analysis showed that only surgical resection with a margin classification of R0 was associated with better RFS. CONCLUSION: Adjuvant treatment with imatinib for 3 years in patients with intermediate to high risk of recurrence was proven to prolong RFS, while being well-tolerated and not exhibiting a negative impact on patient compliance with therapy.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Acta Haematol ; 143(3): 204-216, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514197

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: We performed this systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of new-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (NG-TKIs; including dasatinib, nilotinib, bosutinib, radotinib, and ponatinib) versus imatinib for patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). SUMMARY: We identified randomized controlled trials comparing the efficacy of NG-TKIs versus imatinib as the first-line treatment for CML patients by searching the PubMed, Cochrane library, and EMBASE databases. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed study quality. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate risk ratios and 95% CIs using a fixed-effects model.Our study included 10 trials. Overall, treatment with NG-TKIs significantly improved the major molecular response and MR4.5 at all time points, and early molecular response at 3 months. Importantly, overall survival (OS) was significantly higher with the NG-TKIs at 12 months. Besides, NG-TKI-treated patients showed a significantly lower CML-related death and progression to the accelerated phase/blast crisis. Key Messages: In first-line treatment, NG-TKIs are superior to imatinib regarding OS at 12 months, and because molecular response rates were higher with the NG-TKIs at all time points, the NG-TKIs favor treatment-free remission.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Hematológicas/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Oncology ; 98(1): 16-22, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514200

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Preclinical studies indicated that imatinib may have single-agent activity in glioblastoma through inhibition of tyrosine kinase activity and also that it might enhance the efficacy of radiotherapy. We therefore sought to investigate clinical efficacy in patients with newly diagnosed and recurrent glioblastoma in combination with radiotherapy. METHODS: We conducted a nonrandomized, 2-arm, open-label phase II trial including patients aged 18 years or older with an ECOG performance status of 0-2 that were either newly diagnosed (arm A) with a measurable tumor (i.e., after incomplete resection or biopsy) or that were diagnosed with progression of a glioblastoma after initial therapy (arm B). Patients in arm A received 600 mg/day imatinib in combination with hypofractionated radiotherapy (2.5 Gy per fraction, 22 fractions). Patients in arm B received 600 mg/day imatinib alone or in combination with re-irradiation at various doses. In case tumor progression occurred, CCNU was added (2 cycles, 100 mg/m2) to imatinib. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). The secondary end point was safety, defined as per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 2.0). Overall survival (OS) was analyzed as an exploratory end point. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients were enrolled, of which 19 were included in arm A and 32 in arm B. The median follow-up was 4 (0.5-30) months in arm A and 6.5 (0.3-51.5) months in arm B. The median PFS was 2.8 months (95% CI 0-8.7) in arm A and 2.1 months (95% CI 0-11.8) in arm B. The median OS was 5.0 (0.8-30) months (95% CI 0-24.1) in arm A and 6.5 (0.3-51.5) months (95% CI 0-32.5) in arm B. The major grade 3 events were seizure (present in 17 patients), pneumonia (11 patients), and vigilance decrease (7 patients). CONCLUSIONS: Imatinib showed no measurable activity in patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/patologia , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Biópsia , Terapia Combinada , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glioblastoma/mortalidade , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Retratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
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