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1.
Recent Results Cancer Res ; 215: 3-24, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605221

RESUMO

The traditional model of metastatic progression postulates that the ability to form distant metastases is driven by random mutations in cells of the primary tumor.


Assuntos
Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Mutação
2.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(3): 195-203, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679307

RESUMO

UNCI 19 expression has been reported to be significantly higher in hepatic cancer cells (HCC). However, the clinical significance of modulating UNC119 expression in HCC is not well understood. The study described here aimed to explore the potential of curcumin in modulation of UNC119 expression in HCC by assessment with quantitative real-time PCR, western blot, and immune-histochemical analyses in HCC cell lines and tissues. The biological functions of UNC119 in the proliferation, growth, and cycle of tumor cells were analyzed both in vitro and in vivo. UNC119 expression was upregulated in HCC cell lines and tissues as indicated by comparison with normal liver cells and tissues. Cellular function assays showed that higher levels of UNC119 not only promoted proliferation but also enhanced HCC cell migration and invasion. UNC119 promoted progression of the cell cycle and significantly promoted HCC cell growth through the Wnt/ß-catenin signal pathway, and enhanced tumor migration and invasion by the TGF-ß/EMT pathway. Curcumin efficiently inhibited HCC cell proliferation by blocking the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and inhabited migration and invasion by blocking the TGF-p/EMT signal pathway. Curcumin not only was beneficial for tumor remission but also contributed to the long-term survival of HCC-bearing mice. UNC119 was significantly upregulated and promoted cell growth in hepatic cancer cells and tissues by the Wnt/ß-catenin signal pathway and migration by TGF-ß/EMT signal pathway. Curcumin treatment inhibited cell proliferation, growth, migration, and invasion by inhibition of those pathways.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17769, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689840

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The treatment of metastatic melanoma has been revolutionized in the past decade because of the development of immunotherapies and targeted therapies. Despite these developments, there is still an unmet clinical need for more advanced combination therapies for the subset of patients who remain resistant to immunotherapy or targeted therapy alone. To our knowledge, no reports have been published on combinations of PD-1 blockades and c-KIT inhibitors in melanoma patients. Furthermore, data are limited regarding the safety and efficacy of this combination in patients harboring KIT mutations. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSIS: We report a case of an 82-year-old female with metastatic melanoma who was found to have double KIT mutations at V559 and N822I. INTERVENTIONS: She was treated with a combination of c-KIT inhibitor and PD-1 blockade after being resistant to anti-PD-1 monotherapy. OUTCOMES: Patient developed two episodes of grade 2 liver toxicity requiring treatment breaks followed by a dose reduction. Her transaminitis eventually resolved and patient remained on combination treatment for almost two years with good control of her disease prior to progression. LESSONS: Treatment options for patients who progress after PD-1 inhibitors are very limited; therefore, there is a high unmet clinical need for this patient population. Combining Imatinib with checkpoint inhibitors may be efficacious in patients with metastatic melanoma and KIT mutations. This novel combination can cause additional toxicities which seem to be overall manageable.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/patologia , Mutação , Metástase Neoplásica/tratamento farmacológico , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5653-5662, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Factors influencing fulvestrant efficacy may be useful in selecting the optimal treatment regimen for postmenopausal Japanese women with metastatic/recurrent HR-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated progression-free and overall survival (PFS and OS) in 100 fulvestrant-treated patients according to metastatic site. RESULTS: Median PFS was significantly better in patients with non-visceral (bone and regional metastases; 22.8 months) vs. visceral metastasis (lung, liver, and other organs; 8.2 months; p=0.024), although median OS did not differ (p=0.922). Median PFS in patients with lung metastasis (20.8 months) and non-visceral metastasis (22.8 months) were comparable; patients with liver metastasis (6.1 months) and other organ metastases (3.7 months) had worse prognoses. CONCLUSION: Patients with non-visceral metastases had a better prognosis than those with visceral metastases. Fulvestrant induced a longer PFS in patients with non-visceral metastasis, and also in those with lung metastasis without liver or other organ involvement.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Fulvestranto/uso terapêutico , Metástase Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(12): 2969-2982, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612319

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Non-canonical NFκB (NC-NFκB) pathway plays an influential role in metastasis, which promotes cancer proliferation and progression. The aim of the study was to examine the expression of NC-NFκB proteins and their correlation with clinicopathological factors associated with metastatic cases of uveal melanoma (UM) and with the patient outcome. METHOD: Expression of NC-NFκB proteins (p52, RelB, and co-expression of p52/RelB) was evaluated in 75 formalin-fixed cases of uveal melanoma by immunohistochemistry. Validation of nuclear immunoreactivity was done by western blotting. Transcriptional status of NC-NFκB genes was assessed in 60 fresh tumor tissues by quantitative real-time PCR. Co-immunoprecipitation was performed to determine the presence of native p52/RelB heterodimer in UM. Prognostic relevance was determined using Cox proportional hazard and Kaplan-Meier methods. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical expression of p52, RelB, and their co-expression was observed in 81%, 68.7%, 56.2% of metastatic cases, respectively, while their expression was seen only in 38%, 33% and 30% of non-metastatic cases. Loss of BAP-1 was correlated with expression of p52 and RelB proteins. Co-immunoprecipitation assay confirmed the putative interaction of p52 with RelB protein in metastatic cases of uveal melanoma. Co-expression of p52/RelB and expression of p52 protein was significantly correlated with decreased metastasis-free survival (MFS) (p = 0.004; p = 0.002) and overall survival (OS) (p = 0.004; p = 0.032), while the RelB expression only correlated with reduced MFS (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that non-canonical NFκB proteins were significantly higher in metastatic cases and associated with poor outcome of the patients. Furthermore, the p52 protein could be used as a potential therapeutic biomarker for metastatic cases in uveal melanoma.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Melanoma/genética , Subunidade p52 de NF-kappa B/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Fator de Transcrição RelB/genética , Neoplasias Uveais/genética , Adulto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Transcrição Genética/genética , Neoplasias Uveais/patologia
6.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 53(4): 648-653, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397438

RESUMO

Acral melanoma is one of the most aggressive and fast-growing forms of cutaneous melanoma and is characterized by a predominant location on the palms and feet. Primary tumors, metastases, and normal tissue samples from five acral melanoma patients were examined by massive parallel sequencing, focusing on the coding regions of 4100 genes involved in the origin and progression of hereditary and oncology diseases. Somatic mutations were found in genes related to cell division, proliferation, and apoptosis (BRAF, NRAS, VAV1, GATA1, and GCM2); cell adhesion (CTNND2 and ITGB4); angiogenesis (VEGFA); and the regulation of energy metabolism (BCS1L). Comparisons of target DNA sequences between morphologically normal and primary tumor tissues and between normal and metastatic tissues identified the candidate genes responsible for rapid metastasis in acral melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/patologia , Mutação , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Humanos , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4315-4324, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to obtain accurate differential diagnosis (DDx) of multicentric carcinogenesis (MC) and intrahepatic metastasis (IM) in recurrent lesions of hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 79 patients who underwent re-hepatectomy (2000-2013) were examined. PCR was used to analyze 13 chromosomal microsatellite loci by PCR. On the basis of this genetic analysis, the recurrent lesions were diagnosed as IM, MC or not determined (ND). Subsequently, DDx was compared with types of resection and outcome. RESULTS: The recurrent lesions were diagnosed as IM in 33 patients, MC in 44, and ND in 2. The anatomical resection group included 14 IM lesions (28%) and 36 MC lesions (72%), while the non-anatomical resection group included 19 IM lesions (70%) and 8 MC lesions (30%) (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Anatomical resection at initial hepatectomy may reduce the likelihood of IM recurrence, leading to a better outcome for patients with HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Metástase Neoplásica/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia
8.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 158(4): 205-212, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434093

RESUMO

EHMT2 (euchromatic histone lysine methyltransferase 2), a histone methyltransferase, has been shown to be involved in multiple human cancers. In this study, we determined mRNA and protein expression of EHMT2 in cervical cancer cells and normal cervical epithelial cells. EHMT2 was inhibited with short hairpin RNA (shEHMT2) in cervical cancer cells. Cell viability, colony proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, and invasion assays and Western blot were performed to assess the function of EHMT2. As a result, EHMT2 was upregulated in human cervical cancer cells compared to normal cervical epithelial cells. Suppression of EHMT2 expression impairs cell proliferation and induces apoptosis. Furthermore, EHMT2 silencing inhibited cell adhesion and invasion. Finally, knockdown of EHMT2 resulted in a reduction of the expression of the tumorigenic proteins Bcl-2, Mcl-1, and Survivin and in an increase in the expression of the anti-malignant protein E-cadherin. In conclusion, our data suggest that EHMT2 plays a key role in cell proliferation and metastatic capacity in cervical cancer cells and could serve as a potential therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Inativação Gênica , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/deficiência , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/enzimologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Apoptose/genética , Caderinas/biossíntese , Adesão Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade/metabolismo , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16087, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277104

RESUMO

Plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) is highly expressed in a variety of cancer tissues and is related to the clinicopathological features and prognosis. However, the prognostic value of PVT1 is still controversial. Therefore, this systematic evaluation and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the relationship between PVT1 expression and clinicopathological features.PubMed, EMBASE, Web of science, and Cochrane library databases were searched for literature collection according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The pooled hazard ratios (HRs) or odds ratios (ORs) were used to evaluate the association between PVT1 expression and overall survival, tumor size, tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis.A total of 39 articles including 3974 patients were included in the study. The results showed that the expression of PVT1 was closely related to the overall survival rate of cancers (HR = 1.64, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.50-1.78, P < .000001). Subgroup analysis showed that the high expression of PVT1 was closely related to the low overall survival rate of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colon cancer, epithelial ovarian cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer, and osteosarcoma. In addition, the high expression of PVT1 was positively correlated with tumor size (OR = 1.50, 95% CI: 1.14-1.96, P = .004), TNM stage (OR = 3.39, 95% CI: 2.73-4.20, P < .00001), lymph node metastasis (OR = 2.60, 95% CI: 1.76-3.84, P < .00001), and distant metastasis (OR = 2.94, 95% CI: 1.90-4.56, P < .00001).PVT1 could serve as a marker for the size, TNM stage, metastasis, and prognosis of different type of cancers.


Assuntos
Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Plasmocitoma/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
Nature ; 571(7763): 127-131, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243371

RESUMO

Cancer metastasis is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality, and accounts for up to 95% of cancer-related deaths1. Cancer cells often reprogram their metabolism to efficiently support cell proliferation and survival2,3. However, whether and how those metabolic alterations contribute to the migration of tumour cells remain largely unknown. UDP-glucose 6-dehydrogenase (UGDH) is a key enzyme in the uronic acid pathway, and converts UDP-glucose to UDP-glucuronic acid4. Here we show that, after activation of EGFR, UGDH is phosphorylated at tyrosine 473 in human lung cancer cells. Phosphorylated UGDH interacts with Hu antigen R (HuR) and converts UDP-glucose to UDP-glucuronic acid, which attenuates the UDP-glucose-mediated inhibition of the association of HuR with SNAI1 mRNA and therefore enhances the stability of SNAI1 mRNA. Increased production of SNAIL initiates the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, thus promoting the migration of tumour cells and lung cancer metastasis. In addition, phosphorylation of UGDH at tyrosine 473 correlates with metastatic recurrence and poor prognosis of patients with lung cancer. Our findings reveal a tumour-suppressive role of UDP-glucose in lung cancer metastasis and uncover a mechanism by which UGDH promotes tumour metastasis by increasing the stability of SNAI1 mRNA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Estabilidade de RNA , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/genética , Uridina Difosfato Glucose/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proteína Semelhante a ELAV 1/deficiência , Proteína Semelhante a ELAV 1/genética , Proteína Semelhante a ELAV 1/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Fosfotirosina/metabolismo , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Neoplásico/genética , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/biossíntese , Uridina Difosfato Glucose Desidrogenase/química , Uridina Difosfato Glucose Desidrogenase/genética , Uridina Difosfato Glucose Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Uridina Difosfato Ácido Glucurônico/metabolismo
12.
Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer ; 1872(1): 103-110, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152824

RESUMO

Plexin D1 belongs to a family of transmembrane proteins called plexins. It was characterized as a receptor for semaphorins and is known to be essential for axonal guidance and vascular patterning. Mutations in Plexin D1 have been implicated in pathologic conditions such as truncus arteriosus and Möbius syndrome. Emerging data show that expression of Plexin D1 is deregulated in several cancers; it can support tumor development by aiding in tumor metastasis and EMT; and conversely, it can act as a dependence receptor and stimulate cell death in the absence of its canonical ligand, semaphorin 3E. The role of Plexin D1 in tumor development and progression is thereby garnering research interest for its potential as a biomarker and as a therapeutic target. In this review, we describe its discovery, structure, mutations, role(s) in cancer, and therapeutic potential.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Síndrome de Möbius/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Humanos , Síndrome de Möbius/complicações , Síndrome de Möbius/terapia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/terapia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Tronco Arterial/patologia
13.
Nature ; 571(7765): 413-418, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243372

RESUMO

ABTRACT: Forkhead box A1 (FOXA1) is a pioneer transcription factor that is essential for the normal development of several endoderm-derived organs, including the prostate gland1,2. FOXA1 is frequently mutated in hormone-receptor-driven prostate, breast, bladder and salivary-gland tumours3-8. However, it is unclear how FOXA1 alterations affect the development of cancer, and FOXA1 has previously been ascribed both tumour-suppressive9-11 and oncogenic12-14 roles. Here we assemble an aggregate cohort of 1,546 prostate cancers and show that FOXA1 alterations fall into three structural classes that diverge in clinical incidence and genetic co-alteration profiles, with a collective prevalence of 35%. Class-1 activating mutations originate in early prostate cancer without alterations in ETS or SPOP, selectively recur within the wing-2 region of the DNA-binding forkhead domain, enable enhanced chromatin mobility and binding frequency, and strongly transactivate a luminal androgen-receptor program of prostate oncogenesis. By contrast, class-2 activating mutations are acquired in metastatic prostate cancers, truncate the C-terminal domain of FOXA1, enable dominant chromatin binding by increasing DNA affinity and-through TLE3 inactivation-promote metastasis driven by the WNT pathway. Finally, class-3 genomic rearrangements are enriched in metastatic prostate cancers, consist of duplications and translocations within the FOXA1 locus, and structurally reposition a conserved regulatory element-herein denoted FOXA1 mastermind (FOXMIND)-to drive overexpression of FOXA1 or other oncogenes. Our study reaffirms the central role of FOXA1 in mediating oncogenesis driven by the androgen receptor, and provides mechanistic insights into how the classes of FOXA1 alteration promote the initiation and/or metastatic progression of prostate cancer. These results have direct implications for understanding the pathobiology of other hormone-receptor-driven cancers and rationalize the co-targeting of FOXA1 activity in therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , Mutação/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Humano/genética , Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/química , Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Moleculares , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Domínios Proteicos , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt
14.
Cancer Sci ; 110(8): 2442-2455, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148345

RESUMO

The human prolyl isomerase PIN1, best known for its association with carcinogenesis, has recently been indicated in the disease of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, the functions of PIN1 and the feasibility of targeting PIN1 in PDAC remain elusive. For this purpose, we examined the expression of PIN1 in cancer, related paracarcinoma and metastatic cancer tissues by immunohistochemistry and analyzed the associations with the pathogenesis of PDAC in 173 patients. The functional roles of PIN1 in PDAC were explored in vitro and in vivo using both genetic and chemical PIN1 inhibition. We showed that PIN1 was upregulated in pancreatic cancer and metastatic tissues. High PIN1 expression is significantly association with poor clinicopathological features and shorter overall survival and disease-free survival. Further stratified analysis showed that PIN1 phenotypes refined prognostication in PDAC. Inhibition of PIN1 expression with RNA interference or with all trans retinoic acid decreased not only the growth but also the migration and invasion of PDAC cells through regulating the key molecules of multiple cancer-driving pathways, simultaneously resulting in cell cycle arrest and mesenchymal-epithelial transition in vitro. Furthermore, genetic and chemical PIN1 ablation showed dramatic inhibition of the tumorigenesis and metastatic spread and then reduced the tumor burden in vivo. We provided further evidence for the use of PIN1 as a promising therapeutic target in PDAC. Genetic and chemical PIN1 ablation exerted potent antitumor effects through blocking multiple cancer-driving pathways in PDAC. More potent and specific PIN1 targeted inhibitors could be exploited to treat this aggressive cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Peptidilprolil Isomerase de Interação com NIMA/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Animais , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/genética
15.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech ; 1862(8): 822-833, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167152

RESUMO

Muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is characterized by a poor overall survival rate in patients. Therefore, innovation and evaluation of idea anti-cancer compounds is of importance for reducing the mortality of MIBCs. The chemotherapeutic activity of ChlA-F, a novel C8 fluoride derivative of cheliensisin A with potent anti-neoplastic properties, was barely investigated. We reported here that ChlA-F treatment significantly induced miR-494 expression and suppressed cell invasion in human MIBC cells. Our results indicated that miR-494 was downregulated in M1 metastatic BC patients in comparison to non-metastatic (M0) BC patients, and such downregulation was also well correlated with over survival rate for MIBC patients. Mechanistically, ChlA-F-induced upregulation of miR-494 was due to a HuR-mediated increase in JunB mRNA stabilization and protein expression, which led to an increase in miR-494 transcription via directly binding to the miR-494 promoter region, while the upregulated miR-494 was able to bind the 3'-UTR region of c-Myc mRNA, resulting in decreased c-Myc mRNA stability and protein expression and further reducing the transcription of c-Myc-regulated MMP-2 and ultimately inhibiting BC invasion. Our results provide the first evidence showing that miR-494 downregulation was closely associated with BC metastatic status and overall BC survival, and ChlA-F was able to reverse the level of miR-494 with a profound inhibition of human BC invasion in human invasive BC cells. Our studies also reveal that ChlA-F is a promising therapeutic compound for BCs and miR-494 could also serve as a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of MIBC patients.


Assuntos
Proteína Semelhante a ELAV 1/metabolismo , Lactonas/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Estabilidade de RNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo
16.
Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer ; 1872(1): 89-102, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202687

RESUMO

Metastasis is a complex systemic disease that develops as a result of interactions between tumor cells and their local and distant microenvironments. Local and systemic immune-related changes play especially critical roles in limiting or enabling the development of metastatic disease. Although anti-tumor immune responses likely eliminate most early primary and metastatic lesions, factors secreted by cancer or stromal cells in the primary tumor can mobilize and activate cells in distant organs in a way that promotes the outgrowth of disseminated cancer cells into macrometastatic lesions. Therefore, the prevention, detection, and effective treatment of metastatic disease require a deeper understanding of the systemic effects of primary tumors as well as predisposing hereditary and acquired host factors including chronic inflammatory conditions. The success of immunotherapy in a subset of cancer patients is an example of how modulating the microenvironment and tumor-immune cell interactions can be exploited for the effective eradiation of even advanced-stage tumors. Here, we highlight emerging insights and clinical implications of cancer as a systemic disease.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Inflamação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Comunicação Celular/genética , Comunicação Celular/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/terapia , Metástase Neoplásica/imunologia , Metástase Neoplásica/terapia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
17.
Gene ; 710: 341-353, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195093

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the cancer biology such as proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The pivotal roles that miRNA expression plays, make them ideal candidates for detection of cancer progression as well as cancer metastasis. Especially for breast, lung and prostate cancer which are originated from soft tissues and prone to metastasis. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the expression level of miR-145-3p which is a shared potential biomarker identified by meta-analysis of breast, prostate and lung cancer data sets. Six different data sets representative of three different cancer types were analyzed. These data sets are pooled together to have a master metamiRNA list while getting rid of the platform differentiations between them. As a result, 24 common differentially expressed miRNAs are determined in which miR-145-3p has the topmost rank. To mimic in vivo cancer microenvironment, hypoxia and serum deprivation were used to induce metastasis in breast (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-453), prostate (PC3, LNCaP, DU145), lung (A549, NCIH82,) cancer cell lines and noncancerous cell lines of the coresponding tissues (MCF10A, RWPE-1, MRC-5). miR-145-3p expression levels were determined by qRT-PCR. It has been shown that it is down regulated by the induction of metastasis in cancer cell lines while it is up regulated in normal cell lines to suppress the tumor formation. As a conclusion, as representing the same results in three different cancer cell types, miR-145-3p will be a promising biomarker to follow up its expression to detect cancer metastasis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Regulação para Baixo , MicroRNAs/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Células A549 , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Hipóxia Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Células MCF-7 , Masculino , Células PC-3 , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Microambiente Tumoral
18.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 436, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer related death in women, with metastasis the principle cause of mortality. New non-invasive prognostic markers are needed for the early detection of metastasis, facilitating treatment decision optimisation. MicroRNA (miRNA) are small, non-coding RNAs regulating gene expression and involved in many cellular processes, including metastasis. As biomarkers, circulating miRNAs (in blood) hold great promise for informing diagnosis or monitoring treatment responses. METHODS: Plasma extracted RNA from age matched local Luminal A (n = 4) or metastatic disease (n = 4) were profiled using Next Generation Sequencing. Selected differentially expressed miRNA were validated on a whole blood extracted miRNA cohort [distant metastatic disease (n = 22), local disease (n = 31), healthy controls (n = 21)]. Area Under the Curve (AUC) in Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analyses was performed. RESULTS: Of 4 miRNA targets tested (miR-181a, miR-329, miR-331, miR-195), mir-331 was significantly over-expressed in patients with metastatic disease, compared to patients with local disease (p < 0.001) or healthy controls (p < 0.001). miR-195 was significantly under-expressed in patients with metastatic disease, compared to patients with local disease (p < 0.001) or healthy controls (p = 0.043). In combination, miR-331 and miR-195 produced an AUC of 0.902, distinguishing metastatic from local breast cancer. CONCLUSIONS: We identified and validated two circulating miRNAs differentiating local Luminal A breast cancers from metastatic breast cancers. Further investigation will reveal the molecular role of these miRNAs in metastasis, and determine if they are subtype specific. This work demonstrates the ability of circulating miRNA to identify metastatic disease, and potentially inform diagnosis or treatment effectiveness.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/classificação , MicroRNAs/sangue , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Regulação para Cima , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Análise de Sequência de RNA
19.
Int J Oncol ; 54(6): 2250-2256, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081056

RESUMO

Aberrant expression of cell division cycle 20 (CDC20) is associated with malignant progression and poor prognosis in various types of cancer. The development of specific CDC20 inhibitors may be a novel strategy for the treatment of cancer with elevated expression of CDC20. The aim of the current study was to elucidate the role of CDC20 in cancer cell invasiveness and to identify novel natural inhibitors of CDC20. The authors found that CDC20 knockdown inhibited the migration of chemoresistant PANC­1 pancreatic cancer cells and the metastatic MDA­MB­231 breast cancer cell line. By contrast, the overexpression of CDC20 by plasmid transfection promoted the metastasizing capacities of the PANC­1 cells and MCF­7 breast cancer cells. It was also identified that a triterpene mixture extracted from the mushroom Poria cocos (PTE), purified triterpenes dehydropachymic acid, and polyporenic acid C (PPAC) downregulated the expression of CDC20 in PANC­1 cells dose­dependently. Migration was also suppressed by PTE and PPAC in a dose­dependent manner, which was consistent with expectations. Taken together, the present study is the first, to the best of our knowledge, to demonstrate that CDC20 serves an important role in cancer metastasis and that triterpenes from P. cocos inhibit the migration of pancreatic cancer cells associated with CDC20. Further investigations are in progress to investigate the specific mechanism associated with CDC20 and these triterpenes, which may have future potential use as natural agents in the treatment of metastatic cancer.


Assuntos
Agaricales/química , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Proteínas Cdc20/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proteínas Cdc20/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Metástase Neoplásica/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plasmídeos/genética , Triterpenos/química
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