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1.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 84(1): 103-110, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559912

RESUMO

We previously reported that MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells, which are breast cancer cell lines and have cancer and cancer-initiating cells (CICs), were killed following normothermic microwave irradiation in which the cellular temperature was maintained at 37°C. In this study, we investigated the percentages of live or dead cells among CD44+/CD24- cells, which were defined as CICs among MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells, and other types of cells in response to microwave irradiation. CD44+/CD24- cells among MDA-MB-231 cells were killed, thereby decreasing the number of cells, whereas the number of live CD44+/CD24- MCF-7 cells was increased following microwave irradiation. Moreover, adhesion, invasion, and migration were decreased in MDA-MB-231 cells, and the activation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in MDA-MB-231 cells was increased following microwave irradiation. These decreased cell activities might have been caused by MMP-2 activation and population changes in CD44+/CD24- in MDA-MB-231 cells.Abbreviations: APC: allophecocyanin; CBB: coomassie Brilliant Blue; CD: cluster of differentiation; CICs: cancer-initiating cells; FACS: fluorescence-activated cell sorting; FBS: fetal bovine serum; FITC: fluorescein isothiocyanate; FTDT: finite-difference time domain; HER2: human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2; PI: propidium iodide.


Assuntos
Antígeno CD24/metabolismo , Adesão Celular/efeitos da radiação , Movimento Celular/efeitos da radiação , Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Micro-Ondas , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Contagem de Células , Corantes/metabolismo , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Propídio/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente
2.
Arch Oral Biol ; 109: 104583, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, the aim was to investigate the biochemical, physiological and histological changes that occur in masticatory muscles of the masticatory system with aging. DESIGN: In this study, 14 BALB/c mice were used. Animals were divided into two equal groups of seven. Group I was organized as the group of young animals (n = 7) and Group II as the group of adult animals (n = 7). After routine histological follow-up was performed, the tissues were embedded in paraffin. 4-5 µm thick cross-sections were taken from paraffin-embedded tissues and they were stained with Haemotoxylin and Eosin Type I collagen and Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) immunohistochemically. RESULTS: It was observed that there was a decrease and shrinking in blood vessels due to aging. In young mice, Type I collagen and MMP-2 immunoreactivity in the masseter muscle tissue showed low staining, while Type I collagen and MMP-2 immunoreactivity in the temporal muscle tissue showed moderate staining. Type I collagen and MMP-2 immunoreactivity were significantly higher in the masseter and temporal muscles of elderly mice (p = 0.001). In the H-score evaluation, MMP-2 immune reactivity was significantly lower in young mice than in older mice (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: It was determined that severe pain complications and functional losses are likely to occur with the increase of degeneration due to aging of masticator muscles.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Músculos da Mastigação/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Animais , Mastigação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
3.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(10): 1180-1185, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibitory effect of polysaccharide of Atractylodes macrocephala (PAM) on the proliferation and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells were treated with different concentrations of PAM, and their proliferation and invasive ability were examined using CCK-8 assay and Transwell assay. Immunofluorescence assay was performed to detect the expression level of ß-catenin, and real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of AKT, GSK-3ß and MMP-2 in the cells. The changes in the proliferation, invasiveness and the expressions of pGSK-3ß and MMP2 were examined in the cells following treatment with LiCl/PAM/LiCl plus PAM. RESULTS: PAM treatment significantly reduced the cell viability, the number of migration cells, and the expression levels of ß-catenin and MMP-2 (P < 0.05), and obviously inhibited the phosphorylation of AKT and GSK-3ß in the cells (P < 0.05) in a dose-dependent manner. The rescue experiment showed that LiCl reversed the inhibition of cell proliferation, invasiveness, and the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway induced by PAM. CONCLUSIONS: PAM can inhibit the proliferation and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro possibly by inhibiting the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Atractylodes/química , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(5): 1337-1345, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637903

RESUMO

The effects of miR-145 (microRNA 145) on M. pneumoniae (MP)-infected MRC-5 (Medical Research Council cell strain 5) cell TGF-ß/Smad (transforming growth factor beta/Smad) fibrosis pathway were explored through constructing MP-infected MRC-5 cell models. In addition, the qPCR (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction) and Western blot were applied to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of miR-145, TGF-ß1 (transforming growth factor beta 1), Smad3, Smad4, MMP2 (matrix metalloproteinase 2), FN1 (fibronectin 1), ELN (elastin) and COLI α1 (collagen type I alpha 1) signaling molecules in TGF-ß/Smad fibrosis pathway. The results showed that the expression of miR-145 in MRC-5 cells was significantly increased after MP infection. In addition, miR-145 inhibited the fibrosis promoting TGF-ß/Smad pathway by targeting Smad3, a key factor in the TGF-ß/Smad pathway. It can be concluded that, in the process of MP infection, the expression of miR-145 is stimulated to negatively regulate the fibrosis-promoting pathway of TGF-ß/Smad.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/patologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Fibroblastos/microbiologia , Fibrose , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
5.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(9): 1065-1070, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To isolate tumor stem-like cells from human epithelial ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells and explore their role in the formation of vascularization mimicry (VM). METHODS: SKOV3 cells were passaged to the 7th generation by suspension culture in serum-free medium, and the percentages of CD133- and CD117-positive cells in the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th generations were analyzed using flow cytometry. The proliferative activity of the cells sorted from the 7th generation SKOV3 cells was assessed with colony formation assay. A three-dimensional cell culture model was established to compare the ability of VM formation between the sorted cells and the parental SKOV3 cells. The expression levels of matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in the two groups were detected using real-time PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: Some SKOV3 cells formed typical cell spheres with suspension growth in serum-free medium and were passaged to the 7th generation. Flow cytometry revealed that the percentage of CD133-positive cells increased with cell passaging. The cloning efficiency of the sorted cells was significantly higher than that of the parental SKOV3 cells (50.33% vs 5.33%, P < 0.001). The VM formation ability of the sorted cells was stronger than that of the parental SKOV3 cells in the three-dimensional cell culture system. RT-PCR and Western blotting showed that the expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were significantly higher in the 7th passage cells than in the parental cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The sorted cells from SKOV3 cells cultured in serum-free medium exhibit biological properties of tumor stem cells with strong VM formation ability, suggesting their role in VM formation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/citologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo
6.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 520-526, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of nuclear receptor Rev-erbß knockout on proliferation and migration ability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2. METHODS: -The Rev-erbß gene knockout HepG2 cell line was abtained by CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technique with specific DNA modification of the target gene. The Rev-erbß gene targeting vectors were co-transfected into HepG2 cells. Through cloning and screening, the Rev-erbß gene knockout HepG2 cell line was constructed, PCR, sequencing and Western blot methods were carried out for the identification of the Rev-erbß gene knockout HepG2 cell line. The expression level of tumor migration and invasion-associated gene in Rev-erbß gene knockout cell was determined by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and was compared with normal cell as control.MTT, cell scratch and Transwell experiments were conducted in order to explore the effect of Rev-erbß gene on HepG2 cell's ability of proliferation, migration and invasion. RESULTS: A Rev-erbß gene knockout monoclonal cell line, which was identified by PCR, sequencing and Western blot, was successfully constructed and named HepG2 C5 (Rev-erbß -/-). qRT-PCR results showed that Rev-erbß knockout resulted in up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) and extracellular matrix protein-1 (ECM1) gene expression (P < 0.05) and down-regulation of E-cadherin (CDH1) gene expression (P=0.05).Results of MTT, cell scratch and transwell experiments showed that HepG2 C5 had stronger proliferation, migration and invasion ability than control cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Rev-erbß gene knockout could change the expression of migration and adhesion-associated genes in HepG2 cell, and then affect the proliferation, migration and invasion ability of HepG2 cells.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Invasividade Neoplásica , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo
7.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 283, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A potato protein hydrolysate, APPH is a potential anti-obesity diet ingredient. Since, obesity leads to deterioration of liver function and associated liver diseases, in this study the effect of APPH on high fat diet (HFD) associated liver damages was investigated. METHODS: Six week old male hamsters were randomly separated to six groups (n = 8) as control, HFD (HFD fed obese), L-APPH (HFD + 15 mg/kg/day of APPH), M-APPH (HFD + 30 mg/kg/day), H-APPH (HFD + 75 mg/kg/day of APPH) and PB (HFD + 500 mg/kg/day of probucol). HFD fed hamsters were administered with APPH 50 days through oral gavage. The animals were euthanized and the number of apoptotic nuclei in liver tissue was determined by TUNEL staining and the extent of interstitial fibrosis was determined by Masson's trichrome staining. Modulation in the molecular events associated with apoptosis and fibrosis were elucidated from the western blotting analysis of the total protein extracts. RESULTS: Hamsters fed with high fat diet showed symptoms of liver damage as measured from serum markers like alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels. However a 50 day long supplementation of APPH effectively ameliorated the effects of HFD. HFD also modulated the expression of survival and apoptosis proteins in the hamster liver. Further the HFD groups showed elevated levels of fibrosis markers in liver. The increase in fibrosis and apoptosis was correlated with the increase in the levels of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinases (pERK1/2) revealing a potential role of ERK in the HFD mediated liver damage. However APPH treatment reduced the effect of HFD on the apoptosis and fibrosis markers considerably and provided hepato-protection. CONCLUSION: APPH can therefore be considered as an efficient therapeutic agent to ameliorate high fat diet related liver damages.


Assuntos
Caspase 3/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Obesidade/dietoterapia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Solanum tuberosum/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Caspase 3/genética , Cricetinae , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Fibrose/dietoterapia , Fibrose/genética , Fibrose/metabolismo , Fibrose/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Fígado/citologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Mesocricetus , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Solanum tuberosum/química
8.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(9): 681-686, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594092

RESUMO

Objective: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumor worldwide. Metastasis is a marker of cancer deterioration in patients with liver cancer and a major cause of death. In order to develop effective therapeutic strategies, it is urgent to study the molecular basis of liver cancer metastasis. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of fatty acid synthase (FASN) in HCC. Wound healing and transwell cell invasion assays was used to confirm the role of FASN in liver cancer migration and invasion. Proteins that interacted with FASN were identified using iTRAQ (isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification). Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and cellular immunofluorescence analysis were used to assess the interaction between FASN and signal transduction and transcription activator 3 (STAT3). The expression of STAT3, p-STAT3, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 was detected after FASN knockdown using Western blot method. Statistical analysis was performed using the t-test. Results: Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of FASN in HCC tissue was higher than that in adjacent tissues. iTRAQ, Co-IP and immunofluorescence analysis revealed that FASN interacted with STAT3. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of p-STAT3, MMP-2 and MMP-9 decreased after FASN knockdown. Conclusion: FASN may promote the metastasis of liver cancer by interacting with STAT3 and affecting the expression of MMP-2/MMP-9.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Ácido Graxo Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Ácido Graxo Sintases , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo
9.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(4): 713-730, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Renal injury related to hypertension is characterized by glomerular and tubulointerstitial damage. The overactivation of the renin-angiotensin system mainly by angiotensin II (AII) seems to be a main contributor to progressive renal fibrosis. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a mechanism that promotes renal fibrosis. Owing to heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) cytoprotective properties, the chaperone exhibits an important potential as a therapeutic target. We investigate the role of Hsp70 on Angiotensin II induced epithelial mesenchymal transition within the Losartan effect in proximal tubule cells (PTCs) from a genetic model of hypertension in rats (SHR). METHODS: Primary cell culture of PTCs from SHR and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats were stimulated with AII, treated with Losartan (L), (L+AII) or untreated (Cc). The functional Hsp70 role in Losartan effect, after silencing its expression by cell transfection, was determined by Immunofluorescence; Western blotting; Gelatin Zymography assays; Scratch wound assays; flow cytometry; and Live Cell Time-lapse microscopy. RESULTS: (L) and (L+AII) treatments induced highly organized actin filaments and increased cortical actin in SHR PTCs. However, SHR PTCs (Cc) and (AII) treated cells showed disorganized actin. After Hsp72 knockdown in SHR PTCs, (L) was unable to stabilize the actin cytoskeleton. We demonstrated that (L) and (L+AII) increased E-cadherin levels and decreased vinculin, α-SMA, vimentin, pERK, p38 and Smad2-3 activation compared to (AII) and (Cc) SHR PTCs. Moreover, (L) inhibited MMP-2 and MMP-9 secretion, reduced migration and cellular displacement, stabilizing intercellular junctions. Notably, (L) treatment in shHsp72 knockdown SHR PTCs showed results similar to SHR PTCs (Cc). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that Losartan through Hsp70 inhibits the EMT induced by AII in proximal tubule cells derived from SHR.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Losartan/farmacologia , Citoesqueleto de Actina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Caderinas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Adesões Focais/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Túbulos Renais Proximais/citologia , Túbulos Renais Proximais/metabolismo , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY , Vinculina/metabolismo
10.
Chem Biol Interact ; 314: 108846, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606474

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in EMT but their role in the regulation of cigarette smoke-induced EMT in airway epithelium is not clear. We have therefore investigated the potential role of MMP-2 and -9 in cigarette smoke extract (CSE) induced EMT using A549 lung epithelial cells and human small airway epithelial cells (SAEC). The cells were treated with different concentration of CSE, and MTT and trypan blue assays, acridine orange-ethidium bromide assay, gelatin zymography, Western blotting, immunofluorescence studies, Boyden-chamber assay, wound healing assay and air-liquid interface (ALI) culture were used to assess different cellular and molecular changes associated with EMT. The results depict that CSE increased the cytotoxicity along with a concurrent increase in the expression and activity of MMP-2 and -9. CSE further altered EMT markers like E-cadherin, N-cadherin, vimentin, and the molecular modulators of EMT such as ß-catenin and pGSK-3ß. Further, CSE also upregulated EGFR, AKT, and ERK1/2 in airway epithelial cells. SB-3CT, a known inhibitor of MMP-2 and -9, altered and reversed the expression of markers of EMT and kinases, validating the role of MMP-2 and -9 in CSE-induced EMT. Fisetin, a plant-derived bioflavonoid, also reversed the expression of EMT markers and molecular regulators in a similar fashion as SB-3CT. In summary, this study highlights the role of MMP-2 and -9 in CSE-induced EMT and curate its molecular cascade through EGFR/AKT/ERK/ß-catenin axis, which could be restored by MMP-2 and -9 inhibitor and fisetin. Fisetin is hitherto unknown to modulate CSE-induced MMPs activity in airway epithelial cells, and our study suggests its potential role as a therapeutic approach in CSE-induced EMT in lung epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Tabaco/química , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
11.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(10): 1285-1292, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin 9 (IL-9) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several tumor types, but the role of anti-IL-9 in pancreatic cancer remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the mechanism and effects of blockading IL-9 in a pancreatic cancer mouse model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Panc02 cells were injected subcutaneously into mice to establish a mouse model. The mice were randomly categorized into 3 groups - the control group, the immunoglobulin G (IgG) group and the anti-IL-9 group - corresponding to intravenous tail injection of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), IgG isotype antibody and anti-IL-9 antibody, respectively. Then, the expression of IL-9, interleukin-9 receptor (IL-9r), Janus kinase 1 (Jak1), Jak3, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) mRNA was tested with quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Interleukin 9 in the tumor tissue was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blotting and immunocytochemistry were performed to detect STAT3 and phosphorylation signal transducers and activators of transcription-3 (pSTAT3). Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), MMP9 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were assessed using immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: Tumor weight in the anti-IL-9 group was significantly lower than in the other groups (p < 0.05). There was a remarkable survival benefit in the anti-IL-9 group compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). The concentration of IL-9 in tumor tissue was significantly downregulated in the anti-IL-9-treated mice (p < 0.05). The expression of Jak1 and Jak3 mRNA and pSTAT3, MMP2 and MMP9 proteins in the anti-IL-9 group was lower than that of the PBS or IgG groups (p < 0.05), but the STAT3 and VEGF protein levels showed no significant difference (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Anti-IL-9 antibody could effectively restrain the growth of pancreatic cancer in mice, and this effect may partly occur by blocking the STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Interleucina-9/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Distribuição Aleatória , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4853-4864, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Its poor prognosis can be ascribed primarily to high recurrence rates. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to identify novel prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for management of CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To develop prognostic biomarkers, we performed RNA-seq analysis and real-time RT-PCR in primary cancer tissues with or without systemic recurrence. To characterize the molecular functions of the encoded proteins, CRC cells underexpressing or overexpressing the candidate genes were established and appropriate cell-based assays were applied. RESULTS: ITGB1 and RHOC mRNA levels were up-regulated in the recurrence group of CRC patients. Overexpression of ITGB1 or RHOC stimulated CRC cell proliferation, invasion and migration, whereas the opposite effects were observed in cells underexpressing either protein. Five-year recurrence-free survival rates were significantly higher in the ITGB1- and RHOC-underexpression groups than those in the overexpression. CONCLUSION: ITGB1 and RHOC are potential predictors of recurrence and therapeutic targets for CRC, possibly predicting a high-risk group of stage II patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Integrina beta1/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a GTP rhoC/metabolismo , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida
13.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 6836-6845, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb761), a standard extract of the Chinese traditional medicine Ginkgo biloba, plays an anti-tumor role in various cancers. However, whether EGb761 is involved in the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer remains unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the current study, cell viability assay, Western blotting, wound-healing assay, Transwell invasion assay, and orthotopic transplantation model were performed to explore the effects of EGb761 on gastric cancer. RESULTS In vitro, the results showed that EGb761 suppressed the proliferation of gastric cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the migration and invasiveness were weakened and the protein levels of p-ERK1/2, NF-kappaB P65, NF-kappaB p-P65, and MMP2 were decreased by EGb761 or U0126 (an inhibitor of ERK signaling pathway) exposure in gastric cancer cells. Moreover, the combined treatment with EGb761 and U0126 significantly inhibited ERK, NF-kappaB signaling pathway, and the expression of MMP2 than those of single drug. In vivo, EGb761 inhibited the tumor growth and hepatic metastasis of gastric cancer in the mouse model. Results of immunohistochemistry indicated that the expression of ERK1/2, NF-kappaB P65 and MMP2 were decreased by EGb761 in the tumor tissues. CONCLUSIONS EGb761 plays a vital role in the suppression of metastasis and ERK/NF-kappaB signaling pathway in gastric cancer.


Assuntos
MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Animais , Butadienos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Chem Biol Interact ; 313: 108826, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite of the most effective surgical removal of malignant tumors, metastasis makes cancer treatment difficult. The studies on natural compounds to inhibit this metastasis have been actively performed until now. However, the effect of tomatidine on metastasis remains unclear. METHOD: The effect of tomatidine on antioxidative activity was measured with DPPH radical assay and reducing power assay. After treatment with tomatidine, the viability of human fibrosarcoma cells (HT1080 cells) was evaluated with MTT assay. The effect of tomatidine on the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9, gelatinases related to metastasis, was analyzed using gelatin zymography, western blot and immunofluorescence staining. Cell invasion assay was used to investigate anti-metastasis activity of tomatidine. RESULT: Tomatidine showed no DPPH radical scavenging effect and showed 8% of reduction power at 8 µM. Furthermore, tomatidine below 8 µM showed more than 80% of cell viability in MTT assay. The inhibition of tomatidine on MMP-2 activity and its protein expression levels were observed by gelatin zymography, western blot and immunofluorescence. It was observed that tomatidine inhibited not only p38 and ERK but also cell invasion. CONCLUSION: Above results suggest that tomatidine could use as a potential candidate for cancer prevention and metastasis through the inhibitory effect on gelatinase.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Tomatina/análogos & derivados , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Acetato de Tetradecanoilforbol/farmacologia , Tomatina/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia
15.
J Vasc Res ; 56(5): 255-266, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533112

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In spite of the great relevance of abdominal aortic aneurysm, its etiopathogenesis is not fully understood. The biomechanical and histological study of the aortic wall may contribute to this elucidation. METHODS: Seventy-five male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: control (CG), smoker (SG), diabetic (DG), and diabetic + smoker (DSG). The SG and DSG rats were exposed to cigarette smoke for 30 min/day, 5 days a week. Diabetes was induced by the intravenous injection of streptozotocin. After 16 weeks, the abdominal aorta was collected for biomechanical, histological, and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) activity analyses. RESULTS: The valid biomechanical tests of 52 specimens were analyzed: 11 in the CG, 10 in the DG, 16 in the SG, and 15 in the DSG. The biomechanical analysis of the fragments showed no differences between the control, DG, SG, and DSG. Collagen deposition also did not present a significant difference between the studied groups. The total count of elastic fibers was higher in diabetic rats (DG and DSG) than in the SG. The inflammatory response observed in all experimental groups was significantly more intense than in the CG. Compared to the DSG, MMP-2 activity showed a significant decrease in the DG. CONCLUSIONS: Resistance and elasticity did not present a difference between the CG and the DG, SG, and DSG. Compared to the CG, the total count of elastic fibers, fragmentation of the elastic lamina, pericellular matrix deposition, and cell loss/substitution in the tunica media showed significant alterations in the aortic walls of the DG, SG, and DSG. MMP-2 activity was lower in the DG aorta than in the DSG aorta.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Produtos do Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Animais , Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Colágeno/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Tecido Elástico/patologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Mecânico , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(2): 388-399, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Doxorubicin, a chemotherapy drug used successfully for years, could induce cardiotoxicity. Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açai) is a fruit high in antioxidant properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity prevention after açai administration. METHODS: A total of 64 male Wistar rats were allocated into 4 groups: control (C), açai (A), doxorubicin (D) and açai-doxorubicin (DA). Rats received regular chow (C and D groups) or chow supplemented with açai 5% (A and DA groups) for 4 weeks. Subsequently, rats received doxorubicin 20 mg/kg (D and DA groups) or saline (C and A groups). Euthanasia was performed 48 hours after doxorubicin injection. Left ventricular function was evaluated by echocardiography in vivo and by isolated heart study ex vivo. Oxidative stress, myocardial metabolism and nitric oxide metabolite were evaluated by spectrophotometry, MMP-2 activity by zymography and caspase-3 and Bcl-2 protein expression by Western blot. RESULTS: Doxorubicin induced decreases in body weight, food and water ingestion. We observed decreases in left ventricular fractional shortening in rats treated with doxorubicin. Additionally, the same rats showed lower +dP/dt and -dP/dt during isolated heart study than those who did not receive doxorubicin. Doxorubicin injection increased caspase-3 protein expression, myocardium lipid hydroperoxide concentration, MMP-2 activity, phosphofructokinase and lactate dehydrogenase activity, and decreased ß-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, citrate synthase, complex I, complex II and ATP synthase activity in myocardium. Açai supplementation improved left ventricular fractional shortening, decreased myocardium lipid hydroperoxide concentration, MMP-2 activity, and improved ß-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, phosphofructokinase, citrate synthase, complex II and ATP synthase enzymatic activities. We did not observe differences in nitric oxide metabolite concentrations between groups. CONCLUSION: Doxorubicin induced left ventricular dysfunction, increases in oxidative stress, changes in myocardium metabolism and MMP-2 activation. Açai supplementation was able to prevent these alterations.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Euterpe/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ecocardiografia , Euterpe/metabolismo , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Cardiopatias/prevenção & controle , Técnicas In Vitro , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10321-10329, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419115

RESUMO

Pterostilbene (PTS) is a phenolic compound with diverse pharmacologic activities. However, its potential for inhibiting obesity-related colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. Our study evaluated the mechanism of inhibitory effects of PTS on adipocyte conditioned-medium (aCM)-induced malignant transformation in HT-29 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. The results demonstrated that PTS could downregulate the expression of aCM-induced fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) and prometastatic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2), MMP9, and extracellular tumor necrosis factor α via inhibiting aCM-induced nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), ß-catenin, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ). Moreover, PTS can suppress aCM-stimulated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and c-Jun N-terminal kinases 1/2 (JNK 1/2) signaling pathways activation that are upstream of NF-κB, ß-catenin, and PPAR-γ. Therefore, we suggest that PTS could alleviate adiposity-induced metastasis in CRC via inhibiting cell migration through downregulating FABP5 gene expression.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/fisiopatologia , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/química , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Células 3T3 , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , PPAR gama/genética , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
18.
J Vasc Res ; 56(6): 308-319, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437850

RESUMO

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factors (TRAFs) are cytoplasmic adaptor proteins of the TNF/interleukin (IL)-1/Toll-like receptor superfamily. Ligands of this family such as TNFα, CD40L, and IL-1ß promote chronic inflammatory processes such as atherosclerosis and restenosis, the latter being a common adverse reaction after vascular interventions. We previously reported overexpression of TRAF5 in murine and human atheromata and TRAF5-dependent proinflammatory functions in vitro. However, the role of TRAF5 in restenosis remains unsettled. To evaluate whether TRAF5 affects neointima formation, TRAF5-/-LDLR-/- and TRAF5+/+LDLR-/- mice consuming a high cholesterol diet (HCD) received wire-induced injury of the carotid artery. After 28 days, TRAF5-deficient mice showed a 45% decrease in neointimal area formation compared with TRAF5-compentent mice. Furthermore, neointimal vascular smooth muscle cells (vSMC) and macrophages decreased whereas collagen increased in TRAF5-deficient mice. Mechanistically, the latter expressed lower transcript levels of the matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9, both instrumental in extracellular matrix degradation and vSMC mobilization. Additionally, TRAF5-specific siRNA interference rendered murine vSMC less proliferative upon CD40L stimulation. In accordance with these findings, fewer vSMC isolated from TRAF5-deficient aortas were in a proliferative state as assessed by Ki67 and cyclin B1 expression. In conclusion, TRAF5 deficiency mitigates neointima formation in mice, likely through a TRAF5-dependent decrease in vSMC proliferation.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Neointima , Fator 5 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos CD40/metabolismo , Artérias Carótidas/metabolismo , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/genética , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Colesterol na Dieta , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Placa Aterosclerótica , Receptores de LDL/genética , Receptores de LDL/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fator 5 Associado a Receptor de TNF/deficiência , Fator 5 Associado a Receptor de TNF/genética
19.
Eur J Med Chem ; 181: 111563, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415980

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in many diseases including cancer. With moderate metal-binding affinity, 8-hydroxyquinoline has gained much interest in current drug design and development. Specially, it has been reported that 8-hydroxyquinoline derivatives serve as MMP-2 inhibitors with micromolar IC50 values. In the current study, a series of 8-hydroxyquinoline derivatives were designed and synthesized as new MMP-2 and MMP-9 inhibitors. The most active compounds 5e and 5h not only displayed good inhibitory activities against MMP-2/9 with IC50 at submicromolar level, but also possessed potent anti-proliferative, anti-invasive and anti-angiogenesis activity in A549 cell line. Western blot also revealed that 5e and 5h down-regulate the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in A549 cell line. Moreover, flow cytometry analysis indicated that compound 5e could promote apoptosis of A549 cells in vitro. Molecular docking analysis also revealed favorable binding modes of 5e in the active sites of MMP-2 and MMP-9.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Metaloproteinases de Matriz/química , Inibidores de Metaloproteinases de Matriz/farmacologia , Oxiquinolina/análogos & derivados , Oxiquinolina/farmacologia , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenho de Drogas , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Inibidores de Metaloproteinases de Matriz/síntese química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Oxiquinolina/síntese química
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(16)2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416219

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a complex and heterogeneous disease: Several molecular alterations cause cell proliferation and the acquisition of an invasive phenotype. Extracellular matrix (ECM) is considered essential for sustaining tumor growth and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been identified as drivers of many aspects of the tumor phenotype. Mounting evidence indicates that both α-enolase (ENO1) and Myc promoter-binding protein-1 (MBP-1) also played pivotal roles in tumorigenesis, although as antagonists. ENO1 is involved in cell growth, hypoxia tolerance and autoimmune activities besides its major role in the glycolysis pathway. On the contrary, MBP-1, an alternative product of ENO1, suppresses cell proliferation and the invasive ability of cancer cells. Since an important task in personalized medicine is to discriminate a different subtype of patients with different clinical outcomes including chances of recurrence and metastasis, we investigated the functional relationship between ENO1/MBP-1 expression and MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity levels in both tissues and sera of breast cancer patients. We focused on the clinical relevance of ENO1 and MMPs (MMP-2 and MMP-9) overexpression in breast cancer tissues: The association between the higher ENO1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression with a worse prognosis suggest that the elevated ENO1 and MMPs expression are promising biomarkers for breast cancer. A relationship seems to exist between MBP-1 expression and the decrease in the activity levels of MMP-9 in cancer tissues and MMP-2 in sera. Moreover, the sera of breast cancer patients grouped for MBP-1 expression differentially induced, in vitro, cell proliferation and migration. Our findings support the hypothesis of patient's stratification based on ENO1, MBP-1 and MMPs expression. Elucidating the molecular pathways through which MBP-1 influences MMPs expression and breast cancer regression can lead to the discovery of new management strategies.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo
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