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1.
Life Sci ; 236: 116899, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614145

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of our study is to illustrate the role of amphiregulin in trophoblast invasiveness and underlying signal cascades. MAIN METHODS: An immortalized human early extravillous cell line, HTR-8/SVneo, was used for this investigation. Matrigel-transwell invasion assay was used for testing the effects of amphiregulin on cell invasiveness. MMP9 and MMP2 mRNA expression level and activity were measured using Rt-qPCR and zymographic analysis. Cell signals involved in the invasion process were verified using western blot and specific inhibitors. KEY FINDINGS: Our results showed that amphiregulin could promote HTR-8/SVneo cell invasiveness without interfering cell proliferation, and significantly upregulate the expression of MMP9 and TIMP-1 mRNAs as well as the ratio of MMP9/TIMP-1. Using specific inhibitors for MEK and PI3K signaling further indicated that, both ERK1/2 and Akt signal pathways were required for amphiregulin-induced cell invasiveness. The co-ordination between ERK1/2 and Akt signaling pathway was needed for the upregulation of MMP9 mRNA, while ERK1/2 was more essential for the upregulation of TIMP-1 mRNA. Meanwhile, we first put forward that the deficiency of amphiregulin expression in trophoblast might be compensated by the upregulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and heparin-binding EGF (HB-EGF) mRNA. SIGNIFICANCE: ERK1/2 and Akt signaling pathways mediate amphiregulin-induced upregulation of MMP9 mRNA and the MMP9/TIMP-1 ratio, which subsequently contribute to amphiregulin-promotion of HTR-8/SVneo cell invasion.


Assuntos
Anfirregulina/farmacologia , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Gravidez , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/genética
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10321-10329, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419115

RESUMO

Pterostilbene (PTS) is a phenolic compound with diverse pharmacologic activities. However, its potential for inhibiting obesity-related colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. Our study evaluated the mechanism of inhibitory effects of PTS on adipocyte conditioned-medium (aCM)-induced malignant transformation in HT-29 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. The results demonstrated that PTS could downregulate the expression of aCM-induced fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) and prometastatic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2), MMP9, and extracellular tumor necrosis factor α via inhibiting aCM-induced nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), ß-catenin, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ). Moreover, PTS can suppress aCM-stimulated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and c-Jun N-terminal kinases 1/2 (JNK 1/2) signaling pathways activation that are upstream of NF-κB, ß-catenin, and PPAR-γ. Therefore, we suggest that PTS could alleviate adiposity-induced metastasis in CRC via inhibiting cell migration through downregulating FABP5 gene expression.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/fisiopatologia , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/química , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Células 3T3 , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , PPAR gama/genética , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
3.
Gene ; 716: 144033, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377313

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell cancer (OSCC) is one of the causes of death worldwide. The purpose of this project was to define the restoring of microRNA-143 in HN-5 cells and discover molecular apparatuses responsible for the anticancer processes. Firstly, expression levels of miR-143, K-Ras, MMP9 and C-Myc were evaluated in OSCC tissues. Then, microRNA-143 was transfected into HN-5 cells. The cytotoxic effects of microRNA-143 on HN-5 cells were evaluated. To estimate the effects of microRNA-143 on cell migration, wound healing assay was done. The expression levels of microRNA-143, K-Ras, MMP9, C-Myc, ADAMTS and CXCR4 were evaluated via the qRT-PCR method. microRNA-143 mimic inhibited cell migration in HN-5 cell line. microRNA-143 mimic decreased K-Ras, MMP9, C-My, ADAMTS and CXCR4 gene expression. microRNA-143 can inhibit HN-5 cells migration in vitro by down-regulating the expression of invasion-linked genes. Hence, microRNA-143 can be a new diagnostic biomarker and new therapeutic target for OSCC.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Transfecção
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4485-4490, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) has a variety of histological and morphological appearances. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been considered to be associated with tumor progression or poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the molecular basis of IPMN variation in different types of lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of MMP-1,2,7,9 in 51 cases of IPMN were investigated. The MMP score was calculated as the sum of the score of staining distribution and the score of the intensity staining. RESULTS: MMP scores were correlated with histological grade, histological subtype, and type of invasion. MMP high expression groups (MMP score ≥5) had worse prognosis than low-expression groups. CONCLUSION: MMP expression varied between different types of IPMN, a result supporting differences in molecular basis of malignancies. These considerations may be helpful for optimal management or treatment according to various types of IPMN.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 7 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Neoplasias Intraductais Pancreáticas/genética , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pâncreas/patologia , Neoplasias Intraductais Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Intraductais Pancreáticas/patologia
5.
Cell Prolif ; 52(5): e12633, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264317

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) has been frequently noticed in the breast cancers. In this study, we aim to investigate the associations of MMP-9 with the activation of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß)/SMAD signalling and the malignancy of breast malignant tumour cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distributions of MMP-9 and TGF-ß in the tissues of canine breast cancers were screened by immunohistochemical assays. A recombinant plasmid expressing mouse MMP-9 was generated and transiently transfected into three different breast cancer cell lines. Cell Counting Kit-8 and colony formation assay were used to study cell viability. Migration and invasion ability were analysed by wound assay and transwell filters. Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR were used to determine the protein and mRNA expression. RESULT: Remarkable strong MMP-9 and TGF-ß signals were observed in the malignant tissues of canine breast cancers. In the cultured three cell lines receiving recombinant plasmid expressing mouse MMP-9, the cell malignancy was markedly increased, including the cell colony formation, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The levels of activated TGF-ß, as well as SMAD4, SMAD2/3 and phosphorylation of SMAD2, were increased, reflecting an activation of TGF-ß/SMAD signalling. We also demonstrated that the inhibitors specific for MMP-9 and TGF-ß sufficiently blocked the overexpressing MMP-9 induced the activation of SMAD signalling and enhancement on invasion in the tested breast cancer cell lines. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of MMP-9 increases the malignancy of breast cancer cell lines, largely via activation of the TGF-ß/SMAD signalling.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/química , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/antagonistas & inibidores
6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(32): 8855-8867, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343893

RESUMO

Abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) is a precious seafood in the market. It has been reported that biological active substances derived from abalone have anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-thrombosis potential. However, there were few studies to assess whether they have anti-cancer potential. In this study, we evaluated the anti-metastasis and anti-pro-angiogenic factors and mechanism of action of boiled abalone byproduct peptide (BABP, EMDEAQDPSEW) in human fibrosarcoma (HT1080) cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The results demonstrated that BABP treatment significantly lowers migration and the invasion of HT1080 cells and HUVECs. BABP inhibits phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression and activity by blocking mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and NF-κB signaling and hypoxia-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion and hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α accumulation through suppressing the AKT/mTOR signal pathway. BABP treatment inhibits VEGF-induced VEGFR-2 expression and tube formation in HUVECs. The effect of BABP on anti-metastatic and anti-vascular activity in HT1080 cells and HUVECs revealed that BABP may be a potential pharmacophore for tumor therapy in the future.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Gastrópodes/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Resíduos/análise , Inibidores da Angiogênese/química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/fisiopatologia , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Frutos do Mar/análise , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
7.
Gene ; 711: 143952, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265880

RESUMO

Ets-1 is one of the crucial member of transcription factor family which share a unique DNA binding domain. It is predominantly expressed in various tumor subtypes and has shown its association in the regulation of various important genes which include ECM-degrading proteases. Our study aimed to understand the mechanism(s) in the pathogenesis of breast carcinogenesis by Ets-1 transcription factor and its downstream target gene MMP-9. Role of Ets-1 in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells was studied by RNA-interference in combination with pull down and ChIP assays to identify the regulation of MMP-9 in these cell lines. Our results showed that transfection of Ets-1 siRNA in breast cancer cell lines resulted in downregulation of Ets-1 and MMP-9. Ets-1 knock down also showed reduced cell invasion and altered expression of EMT markers. Moreover, we could also predict that MMP-9 gene promoter harbors a binding site for Ets-1 transcription factor may be responsible in direct transactivation of Ets-1 along with EMT markers. Phenotypic changes and molecular alterations that may result in increased aggressiveness/invasiveness and metastatic nature of cancerous cells may lead to changes in EMT markers. Therefore, these findings may suggest a plausible role of Ets-1 dependent regulation of MMP-9 gene and may have a significant impact on breast carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica c-ets-1/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Invasividade Neoplásica , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica c-ets-1/genética
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(24): e15831, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is a severe form of inflammatory disease with a high mortality rate. Ulinastatin, as a urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI), is a glycoprotein playing a critical role in SAP. Consequently, we identified the hypothesis that both matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) gene polymorphisms might promote the efficacy of ulinastatin in SAP. METHODS: A total of 235 patients with SAP were treated by intravenous drip of ulinastatin for the duration of 10 days. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was performed for testing the distribution of genotypes and alleles frequency of MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene polymorphisms, and analyzing association of MMP-2 rs243865, MMP-2 rs2285053, MMP-9 rs3918242, or MMP-9 rs17576 with efficacy of ulinastatin in patients with SAP. Shesis software was adopted for analyzing single genotypes of MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene polymorphisms site A Generalized Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction (GMDR) model and a logistic regression analysis were used for analyzing effect of MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene polymorphisms on the efficacy of ulinastatin in treating patients with SAP. RESULTS: CC genotype of MMP-2 gene rs243865 C>T was observed to have a better positive effect in promoting the efficacy of ulinastatin in comparison with CT and TT genotypes. Haplotype CCTG, CCTA, CTTG, and CTTA were combined by MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene polymorphisms which have the ability to increase the efficacy of ulinastatin in treating patients with SAP. MMP-2 gene rs243865 C>T site polymorphism was served as a favorable factor while the MMP-9 gene rs3918242 C>T site polymorphism was noticed as an unfavorable factor for the efficacy of ulinastatin in treating patients with SAP. CONCLUSION: The key findings clearly demonstrated that both the MMP-2 rs243865 and MMP-9 rs3918242 gene polymorphisms served as biological indicators for the efficacy of ulinastatin in treating patients with SAP.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas/administração & dosagem , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Pancreatite/tratamento farmacológico , Variantes Farmacogenômicos , Inibidores da Tripsina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Glicoproteínas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resultado do Tratamento , Inibidores da Tripsina/uso terapêutico
9.
J Toxicol Sci ; 44(6): 425-433, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168029

RESUMO

Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) could be activated after myocardial infarction (MI). Thus, it is necessary to explore effective drugs to suppress the activation of CFs following MI. This study was designed to investigate the impacts of ellagic acid on CFs and the underlying mechanisms. The expression of histone deacetylases (HDACs) and fibrosis-related genes was detected by qRT-PCR and western blot. The Masson's Trichrome Staining assay was used to evaluate the area of cardiac fibrosis. The proliferation and migration of CFs were measured by CCK8 Kit and Transwell assay, respectively. Our results showed that ellagic acid significantly reduced protein expression of HDAC1, mRNA expression of collagen I, collagen III, MMP-2 and MMP-9 and the area of cardiac fibrosis in MI rats. In Ang II-stimulated CFs, ellagic acid (60 µmol/L) decreased the protein expression of HDAC1, collagen I, collagen III, MMP-2 and MMP-9, and inhibited cell proliferation and migration. Further, HDAC1 over-expression reversed the inhibitor effects of ellagic acid on proteins expression (collagen I, collagen III, MMP-2 and MMP-9) and proliferation and migration of CFs. The present results suggested that ellagic acid suppressed proliferation and migration of CFs by down-regulating expression of HDAC1.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Ácido Elágico/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Angiotensina II , Animais , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo III/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Histona Desacetilase 1/genética , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Miocárdio/citologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 24: 39, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31205475

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of human umbilical vein endothelial cells on epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of the cervical cancer cell line SiHa by studying the Notch1/lysyl oxidase (LOX)/SNAIL1 pathway. Methods: Monocultures of SiHa cells, SiHa cells containing a control sequence, and Notch1-silenced SiHa cells, as well as co-cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells with SiHa cells and Notch1-silenced SiHa cells, were established. The invasiveness of SiHa cells in each group was evaluated using a Transwell assay. The mRNA levels of E-cadherin and vimentin were detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression levels of the matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9 were determined in SiHa cells using an immunofluorescence assay and the protein activity was detected by gelatin zymography. Changes in LOX, SNAIL1 and NOTCH1 expression in the SiHa cells in each group were detected using western blotting. Results: Compared with monocultured SiHa cells, co-cultured SiHa cells showed a significant increase in their invasiveness and expression levels of vimentin, as well as of NOTCH 1, LOX, and SNAIL1, whereas their expression of E-cadherin was significantly reduced and protein activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were increased. Compared with SiHa, mono- and co-cultured NOTCH 1-silenced SiHa cells showed significant reductions in their invasiveness and expression levels of vimentin, NOTCH 1, LOX, and SNAIL1, whereas their expression of E-cadherin significantly increased and protein activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 decreased. Conclusion: Co-culture with human umbilical vein endothelial cells promoted the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of SiHa cells by activating the NOTCH1/LOX/SNAIL1 pathway in SiHa cells, which enhanced their invasive and metastatic capacities. The results of this study may provide a new perspective on cervical cancer metastasis and a theoretical basis for clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cocultura/métodos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Proteína-Lisina 6-Oxidase/metabolismo , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Endoteliais , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/fisiopatologia
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(11)2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185608

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is characterized by the elevated expression of various inflammatory proteins, including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), induced by various pro-inflammatory mediators, which play a critical role in neurodegenerative disorders. Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) has been shown to induce the upregulation of MMP-9 through nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (NOX)-reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent signaling pathways. N-(2-cyano-3,12-dioxo-28-noroleana-1,9(11)-dien-17-yl)-2-2-difluoropropanamide (RTA 408), a novel synthetic triterpenoid, has been shown to possess anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in various types of cells. Here, we evaluated the effects of RTA 408 on IL-1ß-induced inflammatory responses by suppressing MMP-9 expression in a rat brain astrocyte (RBA-1) line. IL-1ß-induced MMP-9 protein and mRNA expression, and promoter activity were attenuated by RTA 408. The increased level of ROS generation in RBA-1 cells exposed to IL-1ß was attenuated by RTA 408, as determined by using 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) and CellROX. In addition, the inhibitory effects of RTA 408 on MMP-9 expression resulted from the suppression of the IL-1ß-stimulated activation of Pyk2 (proline-rich tyrosine kinase), platelet-derived growth factor receptor ß (PDGFRß), Akt, ROS, and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Pretreatment with RTA 408 attenuated the IL-1ß-induced c-Jun phosphorylation, mRNA expression, and promoter activity. IL-1ß-stimulated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 phosphorylation, translocation, and promoter activity were also attenuated by RTA 408. Furthermore, IL-1ß-induced glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) protein and mRNA expression, and cell migration were attenuated by pretreatment with RTA 408. These results provide new insights into the mechanisms by which RTA 408 attenuates IL-1ß-mediated inflammatory responses and exerts beneficial effects for the management of brain diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Encéfalo/citologia , Linhagem Celular , Interleucina-1beta/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , Ratos , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/genética , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo
12.
J Biosci ; 44(2)2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180057

RESUMO

Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common female malignancies in the world. Although paclitaxel (PTX) is a critical chemotherapy agent for the treatment of CC, its treatment outcome is limited by the development of drug resistance. The present study aims to define the role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00511 in the progression of CC with the involvement of cell proliferation, apoptosis and resistance to PTX in Hela/PTX cells. CC and adjacent normal tissue samples were collected from 84 patients with CC, and used to determine LINC0051 expression. PTX-resistant Hela/PTX cell line was constructed, in which LINC0051 was overexpressed or silenced to further investigate the effect of LINC00511 on PTX-resistant Hela/PTX cell viability, proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle, apoptosis and resistance of CC cells to PTX. The expression of Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved-caspase-3, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) and P-glycoprotein (P-GP) was also assessed. High-expression of LINC00511 was found in CC with its close association with the tumor stage, tumor size and lymph node metastasis. After silencing LINC00511 expression, the expression of MRP1, P-GP, Bcl-2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 was decreased, while Bax and cleaved-caspase-3 increased with more CC cells arrested at G1 phase. Furthermore, silencing of LINC00511 could suppress cell resistance to PTX, cell viability, cell proliferation, migration and invasion yet promoted cell apoptosis in PTX-resistant Hela/PTX cells. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that silencing of LINC00511 could inhibit CC cell resistance to PTX, cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and promote cell apoptosis in CC. Silencing of LINC00511 provides a novel therapeutic target for CC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Caspase 3/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/metabolismo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oligorribonucleotídeos/genética , Oligorribonucleotídeos/metabolismo , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(5): 2317-2324, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Thrombospondins (TSPs) play a role as inhibitors of angiogenesis under various pathological conditions. The aim of the study was to evaluate the pathological significance and prognostic role of the 4N1K-peptide (KRFYVVMWKK), which is derived from TSP-1 and -2, in bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred and six bladder cancer tissues were examined for expression of TSP-1, TSP-2, and 4N1K-peptide by immunohistochemistry. Cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 immunoreactivity were also examined. RESULTS: Expression of TSP-2 and 4N1K-peptide was negatively associated with T stage, metastasis, and grade. TSP-2 expression was negatively associated with cancer cell proliferation and MMP-9 expression, whereas 4N1K-peptide was significantly associated with apoptosis, angiogenesis, and MMP-9 expression. Multivariate analysis showed that 4N1K-peptide expression was a significant predictor of metastasis (hazard ratio=3.90, p=0.002). CONCLUSION: TSP-2 and 4N1K peptide played important roles in malignant aggressiveness and progression of bladder cancer via complex mechanisms involving cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and MMP-9.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Trombospondina 1/genética , Trombospondinas/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Oligopeptídeos/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5318729, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119174

RESUMO

The high invasion and metastasizing abilities of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are the primary reasons for the high mortality rate of patients. Therefore, identification of agents to inhibit invasion and metastasis is very important for treatment of HCC. We analyzed the anti-invasion and antimetastatic effects of porcine recombinant NK-lysin, which was designed and expressed in vitro by our research group, on SMMC-7721 hepatocellular carcinoma cells via wound-healing assays, adhesion assays, invasion assays, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and Western blot analysis. MTT assay results indicated that NK-lysin inhibited the growth of SMMC-7721 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. NK-lysin reduced the ability of cell migration, adhesion, and invasion. Based on gene and protein expression analysis, NK-lysin decreased ß-catenin and MMP-2 expression. These results suggested that NK-lysin has anti-invasion and antimetastatic effects on hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro by reducing the level of the ß-catenin and MMP-2.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Proteolipídeos/farmacologia , beta Catenina/genética , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Metástase Neoplásica , Suínos
15.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 186, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women. In triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells, a novel quinone derivative, coenzyme Q0 (CoQ0), promotes apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest. This study explored the anti-epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and antimetastatic attributes of CoQ0 in TNBC (MDA-MB-231). METHODS: Invasion, as well as MTT assays were conducted. Lipofectamine RNAiMAX was used to transfect cells with ß-catenin siRNA. Through Western blotting and RT-PCR, the major signaling pathways' protein expressions were examined, and the biopsied tumor tissues underwent immunohistochemical and hematoxylin and eosin staining as well as Western blotting. RESULTS: CoQ0 (0.5-2 µM) hindered tumor migration, invasion, and progression. Additionally, it caused MMP-2/- 9, uPA, uPAR, and VEGF downregulation. Furthermore, in highly metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells, TIMP-1/2 expression was subsequently upregulated and MMP-9 expression was downregulated. In addition, CoQ0 inhibited metastasis and EMT in TGF-ß/TNF-α-stimulated non-tumorigenic MCF-10A cells. Bioluminescence imaging of MDA-MB-231 luciferase-injected live mice demonstrated that CoQ0 significantly inhibited metastasis of the breast cancer to the lungs and inhibited the development of tumors in MDA-MB-231 xenografted nude mice. Silencing of ß-catenin with siRNA stimulated CoQ0-inhibited EMT. Western blotting as well as histological analysis established that CoQ0 reduced xenografted tumor development because apoptosis induction, cell-cycle inhibition, E-cadherin upregulation, ß-catenin downregulation, and metastasis and EMT regulatory protein modulation were observed. CONCLUSIONS: CoQ0 inhibited the progression of metastasis as well as EMT (in vitro and in vivo). The described approach has potential in treating human breast cancer metastasis.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Ubiquinona/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antígenos CD/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caderinas/genética , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , beta Catenina/genética
16.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 9585964, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065235

RESUMO

Genetic variations contribute to the susceptibility in the development of periodontitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of IL18, IL12, and MMP9 polymorphisms in the chronic periodontitis. This case-control study involved 381 individuals matched by gender and age. Genotyping of IL18 (rs187238 and rs1946518) and IL12B (rs3212227) was performed by PCR-SSP and PCR-RFLP was used for MMP9 (rs3918242). IL-18 and MMP-9 were quantified in the serum by ELISA. SNPStats and OpenEpi software were used for statistical analysis and, in order to eliminate smoking as a confounding factor, the analyses were also performed in nonsmoking subjects. The IL18-137G/C genotype was associated with the risk of chronic periodontitis in nonsmokers (P c = 0.03; OR = 1.99; overdominant inherence model). In the multivariate analyses, homozygous IL18-137G/G and IL18-607C/C were more frequent in males compared to women with these same genotypes (OR = 2.51 and OR = 3.30, respectively). The serum levels of the IL-18 in patients were higher than those in healthy controls (P = 0.005). IL12B and MMP9 polymorphisms and MMP-9 serum concentration were similar in patients and controls. In this study, IL18 was associated with chronic periodontitis susceptibility. Men had greater risk than women for developing the disease when IL18 polymorphism was considered and the susceptibility was independent of the smoking status.


Assuntos
Subunidade p40 da Interleucina-12/genética , Interleucina-18/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Periodontite/genética , Fumar/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética
17.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 29(6): 532-536, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133151

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate inhibitory effect of semen litchi drug serum on proliferation of human hepatoma HepG2 cells and its effect on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: College of Pharmacy, Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, China, from June 2017 to January 2018. METHODOLOGY: Semen litchi drug serum with concentrations of 0 mg/kg (control group), 3 g/kg (low dose group), 6 g/kg (medium dose group) and 12 g/kg (high dose group) was used to act on HepG2 cells at the logarithmic phase. Inhibitory effect of semen litchi drug serum on cell growth, expression of VEGF and MMP-9 mRNA and protein was detected. RESULTS: Inhibitory effect of semen litchi drug serum on the proliferation of HepG2 cells significantly increased with the increase of drug concentration, which was dose-time dependent. Expression levels of VEGF and MMP-9 mRNA in HepG2 cells after 48 hours of treatment by semen litchi low-dose group, medium-dose group, and high-dose group were lower than those in control group (all p <0.001). After acting on HepG2 cells for 48 hours, relative expressions of VEGF and MMP-9 protein in semen litchi low-dose group, medium-dose group, and high-dose group were lower than those in control group (all p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Semen litchi drug serum can inhibit proliferation of hepatoma cells in vitro. The anti-hepatoma effect of semen litchi drug serum may be exerted through down-regulating the expression of VEGF and MMP-9 and inhibiting angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Litchi/química , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Citometria de Fluxo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória , Sementes/química , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
18.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(6): 4553-4560, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059021

RESUMO

Cardiac fibrosis secondary to long­term hypertension is known to promote cardiac dysfunction; however, few therapeutic agents are available for the treatment of this condition in clinical practice. The heptapeptide alamandine (Ala) has recently been identified as a component of the renin­angiotensin system (RAS), which exerts a protective effect against cardiac hypertrophy; however, it is unknown whether Ala may also be useful for the treatment of cardiac fibrosis. In the present study, the potential therapeutic effects of Ala on long­term hypertension­induced cardiac fibrosis were investigated in an aged, spontaneous hypertensive rat model. Weekly blood pressure (BP) measurements revealed that daily Ala treatment significantly decreased the systolic, diastolic and mean arterial BP compared with the control. Of note, the observed reduction in BP in Ala­treated animals markedly differed to that observed in rats treated with hydralazine (Hyd). Echocardiography further demonstrated that Ala treatment decreased the ratio of left ventricle mass to body weight, and alleviated structural and functional parameters associated with cardiac fibrosis, including left ventricular volume, ejection fraction and fractional shortening compared with the control and Hyd­treated groups. Furthermore, Ala deceased the density of cardiac fibrosis, as assessed by Masson and Sirius red staining; reduced expression of fibrotic proteins, including connective tissue growth factor, collagen I (COL1A1) and matrix metalloproteinase 9, was also observed. In addition, Ala treatment further decreased the expression of angiotensin II­induced fibrotic markers at the mRNA and protein levels in cultured cardiac fibroblasts; Ala­mediated inhibition of COL1A1 expression and Akt phosphorylation was inhibited via the Mas­related G protein receptor antagonist, PD123319. Collectively, the findings of the present study suggest that Ala is an effective anti­hypertensive peptide that can attenuate cardiac dysfunction and fibrosis induced by chronic hypertension, independent of BP.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Angiotensina II/genética , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Cardiomegalia/etiologia , Colágeno Tipo I/antagonistas & inibidores , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Fibrose/etiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Hipertensão/complicações , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Piridinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina
19.
J BUON ; 24(2): 853-858, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31128046

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Plant metabolites have gained considerable attention as the anticancer agents over the last few decades. Previous studies have indicated the potential of taxifolin as an anticancer agent. However, the information on the anticancer activity of taxifolin against skin scar cell carcinoma as well as several other types of cancers is scantly. Against this background, the present study was designed to investigate the anticancer activity of taxifolin against a panel of skin scar cell carcinoma cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Proliferation rate of the cells was monitored by MTT assay. DAPI and annexin V/PI assay was used to investigate the induction of apoptosis. Flow cytometery was employed to carry out the cell cycle analysis. Transwell assay was used to check the invasion of the cancerous cells. RESULTS: The results indicated that taxifolin inhibits the growth of the skin scar cell carcinoma cell lines. However the anticancer effects were more profound on the SSCC cancer cells (IC50, 20 µM). In contrast the anticancer effects of taxifolin on the non-cancerous skin cells were minimal. Further investigation revealed that the anticancer effects of taxifolin on the SSCC cells is due to the induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Moreover, taxifolin could also inhibit the invasion of SSCC cells which was associated with downregulation of the MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression indicative of the potential of taxifolin in the treatment of scar cell carcinoma Conclusion: It is was found that taxifolin inhibited the growth of skin scar cell carcinoma growth by triggering apoptosis and cell cycle arrest and also inhibited cell invasion capacity and therefore this study warrants further investigation on the anticancerous potential of taxifolin.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cicatriz/patologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Quercetina/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética
20.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 3136792, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31143300

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the expression of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in cancerous tissue as well as in the serum and plasma concentrations of these proteins in patients with laryngeal cancer and compare the results to the inflammatory reaction in healthy subjects. Twenty-seven patients who were diagnosed with laryngeal carcinoma and selected for total laryngectomy were included in the study group. MMP-9 and TIMP-1 expression in tissues was assessed using immunohistochemical assays. Immunoenzymatic ELISA methods were used to measure MMP-9 and TIMP-1 concentrations in serum and plasma. MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were identified in tumor cells and in the tumor stroma compartment, as well as in macroscopically healthy mucous membrane. MMP-9 expression was more significant in tumor stroma than in the perimatrix of the mucous membrane (p = 0.047). TIMP-1 expression was significantly higher in the matrix and perimatrix of the mucous membrane than in cancer tissue (p = 0.0093) and the tumor stroma compartment (p < 0.0001). Expression of TIMP-1 was observed more frequently in tumors without infiltrated lymph nodes (p = 0.009). Serum concentrations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 as well as plasma TIMP-1 concentration were significantly higher in the study group than in the control group (p = 0.0004, p = 0.002, and p = 0.0001, respectively). A significantly higher TIMP-1 level in plasma was found in patients with poorly differentiated tumors compared to G1 and G2 (p = 0.046). MMP-9/TIMP-1 rate in serum was significantly higher in the study group than in the control group. The balance between the level of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 is disrupted in laryngeal cancer. The significant correlation between TIMP-1 expression and the presence of lymph node metastases, as well as that between TIMP-1 plasma concentration and stage of cancer histological differentiation, might indicate the importance of this molecule as a prognostic factor during carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Laríngeas/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/sangue , Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/sangue , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Respiratória/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/patologia , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/sangue , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo
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