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1.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 1): 1676-1682, 2019.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586982

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic connective tissue disease, characterized by progressive, destructive polyarthritis with internal organs involvement due to active, systemic inflammation. The onset of disease occurs usually in 4th or 5th decade of life. Since the general population is ageing, beginning of RA in older age is more and more common. The term elderly onset of rheumatoid arthritis (EORA) describes the disease with onset at age over 60. Several observational studies indicated, that proportion of women and men is comparable in EORA. Clinical course of the disease is characterized by sudden onset with general constitutional symptoms, high disease activity and inflammatory parameters. Involvement of large joints is more common, specially shoulder joints. Antibodies typical for RA (rheumatoid factor, anti-citrullinated peptide) are usually negative. More advanced destructive changes of joints and functional impairment are also characteristic for EORA patients in comparison with younger onset of RA (YORA). In clinical practice the use of methotrexate and biological drugs is less common, and glucocorticosteroids more common in EORA. Due to high RA activity, patients with EORA should be treated in the same way as YORA, with careful monitoring due to higher risk of adverse events associated with treatment.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Idade de Início , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3533-3541, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602919

RESUMO

To systematically review the improvement effects of Tripterygium Glycosides Tables( TGT) alone or in combination with methotrexate( MTX) on the clinical signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis( RA),and provide a basis for the rational use of TGT in clinic,in the current study,six literature databases including CNKI,Wan Fang,VIP,PubMed,EMbase,and Cochrane Library,were systematically searched,according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to input the literatures,and we assessed the risk bias on the level of outcome indicators for each included literature. A total of 18 literatures were included,and the classification results showed that: compared with MTX,TGT alone can reduce the number of joint swelling( MD =0. 18,95%CI[-1.06,1.42],P = 0.78) and joint tenderness( MD =-0.06,95% CI[-1.69,1.56],P = 0.94) in RA patients with the same effect as MTX. In terms of drug combination,TGT combined with MTX had an advantage over MTX alone in lessening the morning stiffness time( MD = 18. 24,95% CI[12. 64,23. 84],P < 0. 000 01) of RA,joint tenderness( MD = 2. 65,95% CI[1. 85,3. 44],P<0.000 01) and joint swelling( MD = 3.01,95% CI[2.09,3.39],P< 0.000 01). In conclusion,this Meta-analysis suggest that TGT alone was superior to MTX in improving joint swelling and tenderness in RA patients,TGT combined with MTX may improve the clinical manifestation of RA patients better than MTX alone.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Glicosídeos/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Tripterygium/química , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Comprimidos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3542-3550, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602920

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of Tripterysium Glycosides Tablets( TGT) alone or in combination with methotrexate( MTX) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis( RA) based on the laboratory index criteria and to provide a basis for the clinical application of TGT against RA. Six databases including CNKI,Wan Fang,VIP,PubMed,EMbase and Cochrane were retrieved for randomized controlled trials( RCT) about TGT alone or combination with MTX in the treatment of RA.Then risk assessment tools were used for quality evaluation of the studies,and data extraction and analysis were conducted by using Rev Man 5.3 software for Meta-analysis. A total of 1 709 articles were retrieved,and finally 25 studies were included,with a total sample size of 2 507 cases. Meta-analysis results showed that between TGT alone and TGT alone,MDESR=-2. 66,95%CI[-8.17,2.86],P = 0.35; MDCRP=-2.38,95%CI[-9.01,4.24],P = 0.48; between TGT combined with MTX and MTX alone,MDESR= 8.74,95%CI[6.72,10.76],P<0.000 01; MDCRP= 5.37,95%CI[3.71,7.03],P<0.000 01; SMDRF= 1.05,95%CI[0.51,1.60],P = 0.000 1.The effect of TGT on decreasing CRP and ESR in RA patients was similar to the MTX. In addition,TGT combined with MTX were more effective in decreasing CRP,ESR,RF than MTX alone. However,due to the potential bias in the included studies,more and high-quality randomized controlled trials would be needed to improve the level of evidence.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Glicosídeos/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Tripterygium/química , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Comprimidos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
JAMA ; 322(10): 936-945, 2019 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503307

RESUMO

Importance: Methotrexate and mycophenolate mofetil are commonly used immunomodulatory therapies for achieving corticosteroid-sparing control of noninfectious uveitis, but there is uncertainty about which drug is more effective. Objective: To compare the effect of methotrexate and mycophenolate for achieving corticosteroid-sparing control of noninfectious intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, and panuveitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: The First-line Antimetabolites as Steroid-sparing Treatment (FAST) uveitis trial screened 265 adults with noninfectious uveitis requiring corticosteroid-sparing immunosuppressive therapy from 9 referral eye centers in India, the United States, Australia, Saudi Arabia, and Mexico between August 22, 2013, and August 16, 2017. Follow-up ended on August 20, 2018. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive oral methotrexate, 25 mg weekly (n = 107), or oral mycophenolate mofetil, 3 g daily (n = 109). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was treatment success at 6 months, which was defined as having control of inflammation in both eyes, no more than 7.5 mg prednisone daily and less than or equal to 2 drops of prednisolone acetate 1%, and no treatment failure due to safety or intolerability. Patients underwent follow-up to 12 months while receiving the same treatment or switched to the other antimetabolite, depending on their 6-month outcome. Results: Among 216 patients who were randomized (median age, 38 years; 135 (62.5%) women), 194 (89.8%) completed follow-up through 6 months. Treatment success occurred in 64 (66.7%) patients in the methotrexate group vs 56 (57.1%) in the mycophenolate group (difference, 9.5% [95% CI, -5.3% to 21.8%]; odds ratio [OR], 1.50 [95% CI, 0.81 to 2.81]; P = .20). Among patients with posterior uveitis or panuveitis, treatment success was achieved in 58 (74.4%) in the methotrexate group vs 42 (55.3%) in the mycophenolate group (difference, 19.1% [95% CI, 3.6% to 30.6%]; OR, 2.35 [95% CI, 1.16 to 4.90]; P = .02); whereas among patients with intermediate uveitis treatment success occurred in 6 (33.3%) in the methotrexate group vs 14 (63.6%) in the mycophenolate group (difference, -30.3% [95% CI, -51.6% to 1.1%]; OR, 0.29 [95% CI, 0.08 to 1.05]; P = .07; P for interaction = .004). Elevated liver enzymes were the most common nonserious laboratory adverse event, occurring in 14 patients (13.0%) in the methotrexate group and 8 patients (7.4%) in the mycophenolate group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among adults with noninfectious uveitis, the use of mycophenolate mofetil compared with methotrexate as first-line corticosteroid-sparing treatment did not result in superior control of inflammation. Further research is needed to determine if either drug is more effective based on the anatomical subtype of uveitis. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01829295.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Combinada , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Micofenólico/efeitos adversos , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem
5.
Internist (Berl) ; 60(10): 1059-1073, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471629

RESUMO

Large-vessel vasculitis includes giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu arteritis (TA). GCA can affect persons from the age of 50 years and is more frequent among women. The disease course generally begins with an acute phase, with patients feeling very unwell and experiencing temporal headaches. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are necessary to reduce the risk of blindness. A suspected diagnosis must be confirmed by imaging, histology is optional. Initial treatment comprises oral prednisone. Recent studies have demonstrated inhibition of interleukin­6 with tocilizumab (TCZ) to be highly effective. Alternatively, methotrexate can be administered in a steroid-sparing approach. In contrast, TA onset is generally during childhood or adolescence, and begins with moderate systemic inflammation. The aorta and its main branches are affected. Treatment comprises steroids, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, and the tumor necrosis factor inhibitor infliximab or TCZ.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Arterite de Células Gigantes/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Arterite de Takayasu/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Células Gigantes , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Internist (Berl) ; 60(11): 1215-1220, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486859

RESUMO

Janus kinases inhibitors (JAKI) are new orally administrable disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), representing a treatment alternative equally effective as biological DMARD that is also classified equivalent in the guidelines. JAKI reversibly inhibit intracellular signal transduction from the cytokine receptor to the nucleus. Tofacitinib and baricitinib, two JAKI already approved for RA treatment, are taken once or twice a day, respectively, and two more are expected to receive approval next year. Tofacitinib is also approved for PsA. Generally, JAKI are initially used in combination with methotrexate (MTX) but are equally effective as monotherapeutic treatment if MTX is contraindicated. In terms of therapy safety, JAKI and bDMARD are generally comparable with one exception: JAKI are associated with an increased risk of herpes zoster infection. JAKI treatment requires laboratory blood tests, especially blood count, transaminases and creatinine. Due to hepatic metabolization, tofacitinib is associated with certain drug interactions. Altogether JAKI enhance treatment possibilities for diseases such as RA and PsA combining the same effectiveness and safety as bDMARD with the option of oral administration.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Azetidinas/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(9): 1229-1235, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous methotrexate (sMTX) administration is considered more effective than the oral route due to better bioavailability and a lower rate of adverse drug reactions (ADRs); however, clinical data supporting this hypothesis is scarce. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of sMTX in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA), including a subset classified as an early stage of RA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A post-marketing, multicenter, open-label, non-randomized, non-interventional study enrolled 771 adult patients with active RA treated with sMTX (Metex®) for 2-6 weeks. The evaluation of therapy effectiveness (DAS28-ESR or DAS28-CRP) and monitoring of ADRs was an element of routine patient management. Therapy effectiveness was scored as the achievement of remission or response (according to European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)). RESULTS: Among 761 (98.7%) patients that continued sMTX (after 25-31 weeks), clinical response was achieved by 69.5%, remission by 19.2% and low disease activity by 34.2%. Patients aged >60 years were less likely to achieve both remission (odds ratio (OR) = 0.61 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 0.39-0.93)) and clinical response (OR = 0.82 (95% CI = 0.71-0.95)), while overweight/obese patients (OR = 1.11 (95% CI = 1.00-1.24)) and those with early RA had greater chance to reach a clinical response (OR = 1.18 (95% CI = 1.03-1.34)). There were 16 ADRs (no serious or severe). In addition, at least 2-fold increase in alanine transaminase (ALT) activity was noted in 10 patients (1.3%). CONCLUSIONS: After 6-month therapy with sMTX, about 70% of patients with RA achieve a clinical response, and remission was observed in 20%. Younger age, overweight/obesity and an early stage of the disease are factors increasing therapy effectiveness; sMTX is well tolerated.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Administração Cutânea , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 7: CD005027, 2019 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Morphea (morphoea) is an immune-mediated disease in which excess synthesis and deposition of collagen in the skin and underlying connective tissues results in hardened cutaneous areas. Morphea has different clinical features according to the subtype and stage of evolution of the disease. There is currently no consensus on optimal interventions for morphea. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of treatments for people with any form of morphea. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases up to July 2018: the Cochrane Skin Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, and five trial registers. We checked the reference lists of included studies for further references to relevant randomised controlled trials. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of topical, intralesional, or systemic treatments (isolated or combined) in anyone who has been clinically diagnosed by a medical practitioner with any form of morphea. Eligible controls were placebo, no intervention, any other treatment, or different doses or duration of a treatment. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. The primary outcomes were global improvement of disease activity or damage assessed by a medical practitioner or by participants, and adverse effects. Secondary outcomes were improvement of disease activity and improvement of disease damage. We used GRADE to assess the quality of the evidence for each outcome. MAIN RESULTS: We included 14 trials, with a total of 429 randomised participants, aged between 3 and 76 years. There were juvenile and adult participants; over half were female, and the majority had circumscribed morphea, followed by linear scleroderma. The settings of the studies (where described) included a dermatologic centre, a national laboratory centre, paediatric rheumatology and dermatology centres, and a university hospital or medical centre.The studies evaluated heterogenous therapies for different types of morphea, covering a wide range of comparisons. We were unable to conduct any meta-analyses. Seven studies investigated topical medications, two evaluated intralesional medications, and five investigated systemic medications. The study duration ranged from seven weeks to 15 months from baseline.We present here results for our primary outcomes for our four key comparisons. All of these results are based on low-quality evidence.The included studies were at high risk of performance, detection, attrition, and reporting bias.Global improvement of disease activity or damage after treatment may be higher with oral methotrexate (15 mg/m², maximum 20 mg, once a week, for 12 months or until disease flare) plus oral prednisone (1 mg/kg a day, maximum of 50 mg, in a single morning dose, for three months, and one month with gradually decreased dose until discontinuation) than with placebo plus oral prednisone in children and adolescents with active morphea (linear scleroderma, generalised morphea or mixed morphea: linear and circumscribed) (risk ratio (RR) 2.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.20 to 4.45; number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome (NNTB) 3; 1 randomised controlled trial (RCT); 70 participants, all juvenile). This outcome was measured 12 months from the start of treatment or until flare of the disease. Data were not available separately for each morphea type. There may be little or no difference in the number of participants experiencing at least one adverse event with oral methotrexate (26/46) or placebo (11/24) (RR 1.23, 95% CI 0.75 to 2.04; 1 RCT; 70 participants assessed during the 12-month follow-up). Adverse events related to methotrexate included alopecia, nausea, headache, fatigue and hepatotoxicity, whilst adverse events related to prednisone (given in both groups) included weight gain (more than 5% of body weight) and striae rubrae.One three-armed RCT compared the following treatments: medium-dose (50 J/cm²) UVA-1; low-dose (20 J/cm²) UVA-1; and narrowband UVB phototherapy. There may be little or no difference between treatments in global improvement of disease activity or damage, as assessed through the modified skin score (where high values represent a worse outcome): medium-dose UVA-1 phototherapy versus low-dose UVA-1 group: MD 1.60, 95% CI -1.70 to 4.90 (44 participants); narrowband UVB phototherapy versus medium-dose UVA-1 group: MD -1.70, 95% CI -5.27 to 1.87 (35 participants); and narrowband UVB versus low-dose UVA-1 group: MD -0.10, 95% CI -2.49 to 2.29 (45 participants). This RCT included children and adults with active morphea (circumscribed morphea, linear scleroderma (with trunk/limb variant and head variant), generalised morphea, or mixed morphea), who received phototherapy five times a week, for eight weeks. Outcomes were measured at eight weeks from the start of treatment.Safety data, measured throughout treatment, from the same RCT (62 participants) showed that treatment with UVA-1 phototherapy may cause mild tanning compared to narrowband UVB: narrowband UVB versus medium-dose UVA-1: RR 0.03, 95% CI 0.00 to 0.42; 35 participants; narrowband UVB versus low-dose UVA-1: RR 0.03, 95% CI 0.00 to 0.41; 45 participants. However, there may be no difference in the number of participants reporting mild tanning when comparing medium and low dose UVA-1 phototherapy (RR 1.00, 95% CI 0.91 to 1.10; 44 participants). Transient erythema was reported in three participants with narrowband UVB and no participants in the low- or medium-dose UVA-1 groups. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Compared to placebo plus oral prednisone, oral methotrexate plus oral prednisone may improve disease activity or damage in juvenile active morphea (linear scleroderma, generalised morphea or mixed morphea: linear and circumscribed), but there may be a slightly increased chance of experiencing at least one adverse event.When medium-dose UVA-1 (50 J/cm²), low-dose UVA-1 (20 J/cm²), and narrowband UVB were compared against each other in treating children and adults with active morphea (circumscribed morphea, linear scleroderma, generalised morphea and mixed morphea), there may be little or no difference between these treatments on global improvement of disease activity or damage. UVA-1 phototherapy may cause more mild tanning than narrowband UVB, but there may be no difference between medium- and low-dose UVA-1 phototherapy. These results are based on low-quality evidence.Limitations of data and analyses include risk of bias and imprecision (small number of participants or events and wide confidence intervals). We encourage multicentre RCTs to increase sample size and evaluate, with validated tools, different treatment responses according to the subtypes of morphea and age groups.


Assuntos
Fototerapia/métodos , Esclerodermia Localizada/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Adulto Jovem
9.
Z Rheumatol ; 78(6): 529-539, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297605

RESUMO

Every patient suffering from active rheumatoid arthritis should be treated with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) but methotrexate initially remains the first choice treatment. Treatment should comply with the treat-to-target principle. The therapeutic aim is remission if attainable or at least a low disease activity. Remission is defined as a simplified disease activity score index (SDAI) of ≤3.3 or as fulfilling the so-called Boolean criteria. A first evaluation of the response is due after 12 weeks. At this time there should be a measurable response defined as an improvement of at least 50% of the composite score, e.g. the DAS28. If no improvement has been achieved, treatment should be continued with either a second DMARD strategy conventionally with synthetic DMARDs (csDMARDs) or an alternative with biological (bDMARD) or targeted synthetic (tsDMARDs) DMARD, depending on whether there are risk factors for a severe disease progression. A change within bDMARDs and tsDMARDs as well as therapeutic de-escalation are both possible measures in the further course of treatment.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Algoritmos , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Indução de Remissão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Curr Opin Ophthalmol ; 30(5): 401-406, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313753

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To offer an update on advances and controversies in the assessment, investigation and treatment of thyroid eye disease (TED), a disfiguring orbital autoimmune disease, which can manifest with diplopia and threaten not only sight - but also life. RECENT FINDINGS: Developments in biomarkers and imaging are helping to tailor the management of patients. Emerging therapies target different pathways in the disease and are informed by studies into TED pathogenesis: the last 2 years has, for example, seen the culmination of a two-decade long bench-to-bedside story in which an original focus on the IGF1 receptor has translated into an effective treatment for proptosis in thyroid eye disease. Whether this will result in a real-world reduction in TED-related morbidity will depend on access; commercial pricing decisions may preclude widespread adoption of novel therapies. SUMMARY: Thyroid eye disease research is enjoying a renaissance with advances in both monitoring and treatment coupled with a renewed emphasis on a holisitic approach, which includes aesthetic care for patients; this is perhaps the most exciting time to be part of the international thyroid eye disease community in decades - for physicians, surgeons and patients. The commercial window for break-through drugs are narrowing with an array of new therapeutic agents in the pipeline over the coming decade.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatia de Graves/diagnóstico , Oftalmopatia de Graves/terapia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico
11.
Presse Med ; 48(9): 968-979, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324351

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids (GC) remain the gold standard of the treatment of giant cell arteritis provided objectives of GC-tapering are accurately followed: 15 to 20mg/day at 3 months, 10mg/day at 6 months, 5mg/day at 9-12 months and withdrawal between 12 and 18 months. In case of corticodependance at ≥7.5 mg/day of prednisone or intolerance to GC, a GCsparing therapy has to be introduced, mainly methotrexate or tocilizumab. Individual characteristics of each patient, data about the efficacy of the treatment, its cost and how easy the follow-up under this treatment is are important factors to consider for choosing the right GC-sparing therapy. For all these reasons, except particular situations, we prefer using methotrexate before tocilizumab. Prevention of cardiovascular events is an important aspect of the treatment of GCA. We recommend using aspirin (75-100mg/day) during the first month of treatment or longer in case of occurrence of an ischemic complication. Each patient treated for GCA should receive a prevention of osteoporosis with respect of usual recommendations.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Esquema de Medicação , Arterite de Células Gigantes/complicações , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Leflunomida/uso terapêutico , Ustekinumab/uso terapêutico
12.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 142: 1-8, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323533

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of different Leucovorin regimens to reduce oral mucositis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia after high-dose Methotrexate (HD-MTX). METHODS: Twelve articles were included in a systematic literature review. Articles were categorized into low/medium/high risk of bias. RESULTS: As no randomized controlled trial assessing the effect of Leucovorin has been performed, the efficacy of Leucovorin to reduce oral mucositis remains unknown. Leucovorin was initiated at 24, 36 or 42 h after HD-MTX at a dose of 15 or 30 mg/m2. No meta-analysis could be performed as treatment regimens differed. When comparing studies with similar HD-MTX doses, we observed lower oral mucositis rates in regimens with higher cumulative doses of Leucovorin and early initiation of Leucovorin after MTX. CONCLUSION: Even though future studies are necessary, higher cumulative Leucovorin doses and early initiation of Leucovorin after start of MTX seem to reduce oral mucositis.


Assuntos
Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Estomatite/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Estomatite/induzido quimicamente , Estomatite/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 18(7): 690-691, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334928

RESUMO

Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA) is a rare, self-limited, cutaneous disorder of unknown etiology. Clinically, PLEVA is characterized by the sudden onset of scaly, erythematous macules and papules localized to the trunk and proximal extremities. We report the case of a patient who presented with multiple erythematous papules and plaques on the palms, forearms, and dorsal feet. J Drugs Dermatol. 2019;18(7):690-691.


Assuntos
Pitiríase Liquenoide/diagnóstico , Pele/patologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fototerapia , Pitiríase Liquenoide/patologia , Pitiríase Liquenoide/terapia
14.
Anticancer Res ; 39(7): 3945-3947, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Malignant melanoma is a rare disease in the pediatric population and there are no recommendations regarding its management in children, while the current standard of care in metastatic or unresectable melanoma in adult patients includes immunotherapy (anti-CTLA-4 and anti-PD-1 antibodies). Advances in the management of adults with melanoma offer the prospect of promising therapeutic options for children. CASE REPORT: We describe a case of a 7-year-old patient with recurrent metastatic melanoma, for whom pembrolizumab was used as an adjuvant therapy on compassionate use basis. CONCLUSION: Due to adverse events, the treatment was discontinued after 5 months of pembrolizumab, but with 12-months of follow-up, patient remains in complete remission.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/induzido quimicamente
15.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(4): 736-738, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164519

RESUMO

A 73-year-old woman had a history of medication, including methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis, for 5 years. She had chronic epigastralgia for 2 weeks and found to have multiple submucosal tumors on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in another hospital. She had a strong abdominal pain thereafter and diagnosed as having gastrointestinal perforation on the basis of CT scans. Abdominal examination revealed disseminated peritonitis, and emergency laparoscopic surgery was performed on the day of admission. A 1 cm perforation of the ileum was identified, and a 5 cm mass of the mesentery near the perforation was also identified. Small bowel partial resection, including both lesions, was performed. From the intraoperative findings, methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorders(MTX-LPD)was suspected, and methotrexate was discontinued after the surgery. At a later date, the pathological result from both the surgical specimen and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was diffuse large B cell lymphoma(DLBCL). CT scan, PET-CT scan, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were performed 1-2 months after surgery, and no tumor was identified. Currently, 6 months after the surgery, the patient is still alive without any progression of the lymphoma.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Perfuração Intestinal , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Metotrexato , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Perfuração Intestinal/etiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/complicações , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons
16.
Chemotherapy ; 64(1): 42-47, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163446

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify an optimal regimen for low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (LR-GTN) providing reduction in dosage and toxicity/side effects, enhancement of therapeutic efficacy, and a shorter treatment duration. METHODS: A total of 149 LR-GTN patients were enrolled in the affiliated Beijing Maternity Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2014 to January 2017 and randomly divided into 3 groups with 50 cases in the methotrexate (MTX) group, 49 in actinomycin D (ACT-D) group, and 50 in ACT-D+MTX group. Follow-up recorded symptoms, physical and bimanual gynecological examinations, routine blood test, serum ß-HCG level, liver and renal functions, electrolytes, electrocardiogram before each treatment course, and pelvic and abdominal B-mode ultrasound or pelvic/abdominal/chest computed tomography. RESULTS: Serum complete remission (SCR) was 96.0, 87.8, and 83.7% for the ACT-D+MTX, ACT-D, and MTX groups, respectively, with SCR being highest in the ACT-D+MTX group, statistically higher than in the MTX group. Vomiting was the only side effect differing significantly by chemotherapy regimen, with a distinctly higher incidence in the ACT-D+MTX group compared with the MTX group (p = 0.028). The reduction rate of serum ß-HCG in the ACT-D+MTX group was significantly greater than in the other 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Combined ACT-D+MTX chemotherapy achieved overall better efficacy and showed less toxicity than ACT-D or MTX alone, and thus can be prioritized for the treatment of LR-GTN.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Dactinomicina/uso terapêutico , Doença Trofoblástica Gestacional/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Gonadotropina Coriônica/sangue , Dactinomicina/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Doença Trofoblástica Gestacional/patologia , Doenças Hematológicas/etiologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Úlceras Orais/etiologia , Gravidez , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 46(2): 81-85, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183393

RESUMO

El embarazo ectópico cervical representa una forma de gestación extrauterina infrecuente, asociada a una alta tasa de morbimortalidad. Se estima que uno de cada 9000 embarazos ectópicos se implantan a nivel del cérvix (menos del 1% de las gestaciones extrauterinas). Los recientes avances en el diagnóstico por imagen y en la ultrasonografía de alta resolución han hecho posible el diagnóstico precoz y, en consecuencia, mejorar las opciones conservadoras de tratamiento, tanto médicas como quirúrgicas. Entre ellas, la pauta multidosis de tratamiento con metotrexato sistémico puede ser una opción eficaz y segura, con una tasa de éxito del 92,7%, reduciendo considerablemente el número de complicaciones graves y preservando la fertilidad. A continuación, presentamos el caso de una paciente diagnosticada de gestación ectópica cervical, tratada mediante la pauta multidosis de metotrexato intramuscular asociada a ácido folínico, con una excelente respuesta y resolución completa


Cervical pregnancy is a rare form of extra-uterine pregnancy, and is associated with high rate of morbidity and mortality. It is estimated that 1 of 9000 ectopic pregnancies are implanted at the level of the cervix (less than 1% of extra-uterine pregnancies). Recent advances in diagnostic imaging and high resolution ultrasound have made its early diagnosis possible, and consequently, improve the conservative medical and surgical treatment. Among them, the multiple-dose treatment scheme with systemic methotrexate can be an effective and safe option. This has a success rate of 92.7%, with a considerable reduction in the number of major complications, as well as preserving fertility. The case is presented of a patient diagnosed with cervical ectopic pregnancy, treated with a scheme of multiple doses of intramuscular methotrexate combined with folinic acid, with an excellent response and complete resolution


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Gravidez Ectópica/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez Ectópica/tratamento farmacológico , Abortivos não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico
18.
An Bras Dermatol ; 94(2 Suppl 1): 76-107, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166402

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects 1.3% of the Brazilian population. The most common clinical manifestations are erythematous, scaling lesions that affect both genders and can occur on any anatomical site, preferentially involving the knees, elbows, scalp and genitals. Besides the impact on the quality of life, the systemic nature of the disease makes psoriasis an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, especially in young patients with severe disease. By an initiative of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology, dermatologists with renowned clinical experience in the management of psoriasis were invited to form a work group that, in a partnership with the Brazilian Medical Association, dedicated themselves to create the Plaque Psoriasis Diagnostic and Treatment Guidelines. The relevant issues for the diagnosis (evaluation of severity and comorbidities) and treatment of plaque psoriasis were defined. The issues generated a search strategy in the Medline-PubMed database up to July 2018. Subsequently, the answers to the questions of the recommendations were devised, and each reference selected presented the respective level of recommendation and strength of scientific evidence. The final recommendations for making up the final text were worded by the coordinators.


Assuntos
Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/terapia , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Antralina/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Inibidores de Calcineurina/uso terapêutico , Comorbidade , Ciclosporina/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Dermatologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Fototerapia/métodos , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sociedades Médicas , Fatores de Tempo , Vitamina D/análise
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(24): e15662, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192909

RESUMO

Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is a rare entity of lymphoma with dismal prognosis using systemic chemotherapy. More clinical reports are needed to guide the treatment for PAL.We performed a retrospective analysis of 20 patients diagnosed with PAL who presented to our center between January 2005 and January 2014.Median age at presentation was 48 years (range: 27-73) with a male-to-female ratio of 7:3. Bilateral and right-sided adrenal involvement were seen in 11 of 20 and 7 of 20 patients, respectively. Adrenal insufficiency (AI) was seen in 6 of 10 evaluated patients. Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was the most common immunophenotype (85.0%). Two patients died due to rapid disease progression before treatment. Two patients received autologous stem cell transplantation as consolidation therapy. All patients received prophylactic intrathecal chemotherapy. The estimated 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 52.5% [95% confidence interval (95% CI: 28.2-72.0)] and 53.2% (95% CI: 29.0-72.5), respectively.These findings suggest that PAL should always be considered in differential diagnosis of adrenal mass with AI. Despite the contrasting previous reports, long-term prognosis of PAL is not necessarily inferior to that of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in general.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Tratamento Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Espinhais , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Z Rheumatol ; 78(7): 620-626, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065791

RESUMO

Methotrexate (MTX) is the medication most commonly used for antirheumatic treatment in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. It has high efficacy, is usually well tolerated and has an excellent safety profile. However, intolerance symptoms frequently develop, which manifest as nausea, feelings of disgust, or abdominal complaints prior to or directly after application of the medication. A direct side effect can usually be easily excluded; however, the symptoms are limited to treatment with MTX. This MTX intolerance causes a significant reduction in the quality of life of affected patients, frequently puts the treating physician in an uncomfortable situation, and not uncommonly results in discontinuation of treatment. Conventional countermeasures such as antiemetics, change of route from subcutaneous to oral or vice versa, or, for example, taste masking, usually have only limited effect. Newer behavioral treatment strategies raise hopes of more effective symptom control.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Juvenil , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Humanos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
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