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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(9): 910-914, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between serum microRNA-122 (miR-122) and insulin resistance in obese children. METHODS: Forty-seven children with severely obesity aged 7-14 years and 45 age- and gender matched healthy children with normal weight (control group) were enrolled. The levels of height, weight, waistline, hip circumference, fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), free fatty acid (FFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and miR-122 in the two groups were measured. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) were calculated. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the height, weight, BMI, WHR, FINS, HOMA-IR, TG, FFA, IL-6, and miR-122 levels in the obese group were significantly increased (P<0.05). MiR-122 levels in the obese group were positively correlated with FINS, HOMA-IR and IL-6 levels (r=0.408, 0.442, and 0.464 respectively, P<0.05). The changes of miR-122 have a linear regression relationship with IL-6 (b'=0.318, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The elevated serum miR-122 levels may be correlated with insulin resistance in obese children. The mechanism needs to be further studied.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , MicroRNAs/genética , Adolescente , Glicemia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Humanos , Insulina , Obesidade , Relação Cintura-Quadril
2.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(8): 898-903, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of miR-186 inhibition on the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-α) and mitochondrial function in hypoxic vascular endothelial cells. METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured in routine or hypoxic conditions for 6 h were examined for the expression of miR-186. A miR-186 inhibitor was transfected in the HUVECs, and the cells were subsequently cultured in hypoxic condition for 6 h to observe the changes in the mitochondrial structure under an electron microscope. The changes in the mRNA and protein expressions of HIF-1α in response to miR-186 interference were tested using real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: The expression of miR-18 was mildly increased in HUVECs after hypoxic exposure for 6 h (P=0.0188). Interference of miR-186 expression obviously promoted the mRNA and protein expressions of HIF-1α in HUVECs. In hypoxic conditions, miR-186 interference significantly reduced mitochondrial damage in HUVECs as observed under electron microscope (P=0.0297). CONCLUSIONS: Inhibition of miR-186 protects vascular endothelial cells against hypoxic injuries by promoting HIF-α expression to lessen mitochondrial damage, suggesting the possibility of targeted miR-186 interference for treatment of hemorrhagic shock.


Assuntos
Veias Umbilicais , Hipóxia Celular , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Hipóxia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , MicroRNAs , Mitocôndrias
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e16705, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490362

RESUMO

Deregulation of miR-153 has recently been observed in several common human cancer, while miR-153 serves an oncogene or tumor suppressive role in different cancer types. Previously, miR-153 has been identified to be overexpressed in prostate cancer. miR-153 played an important role in promoting proliferation of human prostate cancer cells and presented a novel mechanism of microRNA-mediated direct suppression of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression in prostate cancer cells. Until now, little is known about the clinical significance of miR-153 expression in prostate cancer.The miR-153 expression in 143 pairs of prostate cancer and adjacent non-cancerous prostate tissues was measured by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis. Student t test was conducted for intergroup comparison. Pearson correlation test was used for correlation analysis. Survival curves were carried out by the Kaplan-Meier method and evaluated using the log-rank test. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard risk regression model was performed to screen the independent factor affected the prognosis of prostate cancer patients.qRT-PCR analysis showed that the expression of miR-153 was significantly increased in the prostate cancer tissues in comparison with the adjacent noncancerous prostate tissues (P < .001). The high expression of miR-153 in prostate cancer tissues is closely correlated with aggressive clinical pathological parameters such as lymph node metastasis (P = .001); bone metastasis (P < .001); Gleason score (P < .001); and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (P < .001). Prostate cancer patients with a high expression of miR-153 had an evidently lower 5-year overall survival as compared with those with a low expression of miR-153 (P = .019). Notably, the multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that miR-153 expression was an independent factor for predicting the 5-year overall survival of prostate cancer patients (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.481, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.582-10.727; P = .018).Our study demonstrated that high miR-153 expression was significantly associated with a poor overall survival independently of other factors in prostate cancer. Therefore, miR-153 may be an available biomarker for prostate cancer prognosis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
4.
Gene ; 720: 144081, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473322

RESUMO

Despite the existing research, the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an autoimmune disease remains poorly understood with early and accurate diagnosis difficult to achieve. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in biological processes as modulators of transcription and translation. Previous studies have demonstrated a downregulation of several genes in early RA stages and in addition, miRNAs may serve as early biomarkers of subclinical changes in early RA. When comparing the four groups (ANOVA P < 0.01, fold change > 4), we found 253 differentially expressed miRNAs. Of these, 97 miRNAs were identified as overexpressed in early rheumatoid arthritis. The validation of miRNA microarray expression was performed in a set by RT-qPCR and showed strong agreement with microarray expression data. The putative targets of overexpressed microRNAs in early RA were significantly enriched in apoptosis, tolerance loss and Wnt pathways. Moreover, ROC analysis showed values of AUC 0.76 and P < 0.05 for miR 361-5p, identifying this miRNA as a potential biomarker of disease. We identified specific microRNAs associated with early rheumatoid arthritis and proposed them as early biomarkers of disease. Our results provide novel insight into immune disease physiopathology and describe unreported microRNAs in RA with potential for clinical use.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Biomarcadores/análise , Genoma Humano , MicroRNAs/genética , Adulto , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Curva ROC
5.
Gene ; 720: 144099, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479715

RESUMO

Emerging evidence demonstrates that circular RNA (circRNA) is a novel class of non-coding RNA that plays a pivotal role in cancer. Recently, circ-PRMT5 was identified as an oncogene in bladder cancer. Nevertheless, its contribution to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unknown. Herein, we aimed to clarify the biological role of circ-PRMT5 in NSCLC. High circ-PRMT5 expression was identified in NSCLC tissues and cell lines and positively correlated with larger tumor size, advanced clinic stage, lymph node metastasis as well as worse prognosis. Stable knockdown of circ-PRMT5 dramatically weakened the proliferative capacities of NSCLC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanically, circ-PRMT5 could simultaneously effectively sponge three miRNAs (miR-377, miR-382 and miR-498) and alleviate their repression on the well-known oncogenic EZH2, resulting in increased EZH2 expression, thereby facilitating NSCLC progression. Importantly, a strong positive correlation between circ-PRMT5 and EZH2 expression was observed in NSCLC tissues. Overall, our data indicate that circ-PRMT5 is an oncogenic circRNA in NSCLC that can promote the growth of NSCLC via regulation of miR-377/382/498-EZH2 axis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/genética , RNA/genética , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinogênese , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
6.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 52, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be associated with dermis process during burn wound healing. This study aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) in human skin fibroblasts (HSF) and extracellular matrix (ECM) as well as the regulatory network of XIST/microRNA-29b-3p (miR-29b-3p)/collagen 1 alpha 1 (COL1A1). METHODS: The wound samples were collected from 25 patients with deep partial thickness burn at day 5 after burn. The thermal injured model was established using HSF cells. The expressions of XIST, miR-29b-3p and COL1A1 were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot. ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration were detected by western blot, cell counting kit-8 and trans-well assays, respectively. The interaction between miR-29b-3p and XIST or COL1A1 was explored by bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: The expressions of XIST and COL1A1 were enhanced but miR-29b-3p expression was decreased after thermal injury. XIST overexpression promoted ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration in thermal injured HSF cells. However, XIST knockdown played an opposite effect. miR-29b-3p overexpression inhibited ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration, which was reversed by XIST. COL1A1 silence suppressed ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration by miR-29b-3p targeting. Moreover, COL1A1 up-regulation weakened the effect of XIST silence on ECM synthesis and HSF cell function. CONCLUSION: XIST promoted ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration by sponging miR-29b-3p and targeting COL1A1 in HSF cells after thermal injury, indicating the promoting role of XIST in wound healing.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Queimaduras/genética , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(36): 2848-2854, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550815

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role and its molecular mechanism of miR-328 during the differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into insulin-producing cells (IPCs) in vitro. Method: Mouse embryonic stem cell line-mESCs-Nanog-GFP was induced in conditioned medium and divided into negative control group, miR-328 agomir transfected group, miR-328 antagomir transfected group and transforming growth factor ß2 (TGF-ß2) siRNA transfected group. The function of IPCs was identified by real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) detecting system and immunofluorescence in above-mentioned groups. Methods of qPCR, immunofluorescence and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to detect effects of overexpression and inhibition of miR-328 on differentiation of multilineage precursor cells. We predicted the binding sites of miR-328 and TGF-ß2 by performing the bioinformatics analysis. Dual luciferase reporter gene and Western blotting were employed to identify the regulatory relationship between miR-328 and TGF-ß2. Results: mESCs could be transfected with miR-328 agomir, with an efficacy of 70%-80%. Up-regulated miR-328 in MPCs reduced the RNA expression of several key transcription factors which were crucial for early pancreatic development. Additionally, the insulin released by IPCs decreased in response to glucose stimulation (all P<0.05). However, overexpression of miR-328 led to the decrease of protein level of insulin and Nkx6.1 (all P<0.05). Transfection of miR-328 antagomir had the opposite effects (P<0.05). The dual luciferase reporter gene assay revealed that miR-328 functioned via binding to the 3' non-coding region (3'-UTR) of the TGF-ß2. Western blotting indicated that miR-328 regulated protein expression. After knockdown of miR-328, the relative expression of TGF-ß2 was 1.00±0.01. After co-transfection of miR-328 antagomir and TGF-ß2 siRNA, the relative expression of TGF-ß2 was 0.80±0.03. After downregulating TGF-ß2, the relative expression of TGF-ß2 was 0.20±0.01. Knockdown of TGF-ß2 down-regulated the expression of early pancreatic transcription factors (P<0.05) and inhibited Pdx1(+)cell differentiation. Conclusion: miR-328 can inhibit the differentiation of ESCs into IPCs via binding to 3' UTR of TGF-ß2, and provide a new regulatory pathway for the treatment of diabetes with stem cells.


Assuntos
Células Secretoras de Insulina , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Camundongos , MicroRNAs , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17143, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517857

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the alterations of urinary microRNA (miRNA) expression and explore its clinical significance in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB).The expression levels of urinary miRNA were detected by miRNA microarray and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) from 106 CHB and 40 healthy controls (Ctrl) subjects. The correlation between the levels of miRNA expression and clinical characteristics were analyzed. Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to determine the specificity and sensitivity of each individual miRNA. MiRNAs expression were further measured by PCR from exosomes, which were isolated from urine samples. LX2 cells were transfected with miRNA inhibitor and accumulation of cytoplasmic lipid droplets was analyzed by Oil Red O staining.miRNA expression profile analysis showed that 22 miRNAs were upregulated and 55 miRNAs were downregulated in CHB patients compared with Ctrl subjects (fold-change>1.5 and P < .05). miR-92b-3p, miR-770-5p, miR-5196-5p, and miR-7855-5p were significantly higher (P < .0001) in CHB subjects than in Ctrl subjects. ROC curve analysis showed that these four miRNAs were sensitive and specific enough to distinguish CHB and Ctrl subjects. The levels of miR-92b-3p expression were negatively correlated with total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and APOA-1. Moreover, in vitro experiments indicated that inhibition of miR-92b-3p increased lipid droplet formation in LX2 cells.Aberrant expression of miRNAs has been observed in urine of CHB patients. Our findings may provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of CHB and may assist in the diagnosis of patients with CHB.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica/urina , MicroRNAs/urina , Adulto , Biomarcadores/urina , Linhagem Celular , Exossomos/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Masculino , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17156, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517861

RESUMO

This study aims to screen differentially expressed host miRNAs that could be used as diagnostic markers for liver alveolar echinococcosis (LAE).Differentially expressed miRNAs were first screened by miRNA microarray in liver tissues from2 LAE patients and normal liver tissues from 3 LAE patients, followed by qRT-PCR validation in 15 LAE tissues and 15 normal tissues. Target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted using Targetscan, PITA and microRNAorg database, and the overlapped predicted target genes were analyzed by GO and KEGG.The hsa-miR-1237-3p, hsa-miR-33b-3p, and hsa-miR-483-3p were up-regulated whereas the hsa-miR-4306 was down-regulated in LAE tissues compared with normal controls (P < .05). The expression change of miR-483-3p was further confirmed in both liver tissues and plasma. Several predicted targets of miR-1237-3p, miR-4306, and miR-483-3p were related to DNA-dependent transcriptional regulation, developmental regulation of multicellular organisms, and biological functions such as cellular immune responses (T cell proliferation). The overlapped predicted target genes of the 4 differentially expressed miRNAs were enriched in mRNA surveillance, cancer signaling pathway, intestinal immune network, and other signal pathways.Our results indicate that miR-483-3p is a potential marker for the diagnosis of LAE, and targets of this miRNA could be the focus of further studies.


Assuntos
Equinococose Hepática/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(9): 632-6, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the involvement of miR-34a in cerebral cortex mediated anti-hyperalgesic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) in mice with neuropathic pain induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of sciatic nerve, so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of neuropathic pain. METHODS: A total of 75 male C57BL/6 mice were equally randomized into 3 groups: sham, CCI model and CCI+EA (n=25 in each group). Mice of the sham group received simple separation of the right sciatic nerve without ligation. The CCI model was established by liagation of the right sciatic nerve. EA (2 Hz /15 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP9) for 30 min, once every other day. The mechanical and thermal pain threshold of the bilateral hind-paws was detected at the 3rd, 5th and 7th day after modeling, and the expression of miR-34a of bilateral cerebral cortex tissues and that of p53 protein of the left cerebral cortex were determined by using quantitive real time PCR and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: The mechnical paw withdrawal frequency were significantly higher and the thermal paw withdrawal latencies (PWLs) were significantly shorter at the affected hind-limb (rather than at the healthy hind limb) on day 3, 5 and 7 in the CCI model group than those in the sham group (P<0.05), and considerably reversed at the affected hind-limb (rather than at the healthy hind limb) in the EA group than in the CCI model group (P<0.05), suggesting an analgesic effect of EA intervention. After modeling, the expression levels of miR-34a and p53 on day 3, 5 and 7 were significantly up-regulated in the left cerebral cortex tissue (rather than in the right cerebral cortex) of the CCI model group in comparison with the sham group (P<0.05). After EA intervention, the up-regulated expression levels of miR-34a and p53 in the left cerebral cortex tissue (rather than in the right cerebral cortex) were obviously suppressed in the EA group relevant to the CCI model group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA stimulation of ST36 and SP9 can down-regulate the expression of miR-34a and p53 in the contra-lateral cerebral cortex tissue of the CCI mice, which may contribute to its anti-hyperalgesic effect.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Neuralgia , Animais , Córtex Cerebral , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53
11.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(9): 643-8, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on muscular atrophy and expression of microRNAs (Mir-1, Mir-133a, Mir-133b) and some proliferation-related factors of muscle satellite cells as histone deacetylase4 (HDAC4) and the paired box transcription factor Pax7 (Pax7) in skeletal muscle atrophy rats. METHODS: Twenty-four male SD rats were randomly and equally divided into sham operation, model and EA groups. The skeletal muscle atrophy model was established by transection of the right sciatic nerve. EA (2 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to the right "Zusanli"(ST36) and "Huantiao"(GB30) for 10 min, once a day, seven times a week for 2 weeks. The wet weight of bilateral gastrocnemius muscles was measured to calculate the ratio of weight between the affected gastrocnemius muscle and healthy gastrocnemius muscle. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the gastrocnemius muscle on the affected side was measured after H.E. staining. The expression levels of Mir-1, Mir-133a, Mir-133b, HDAC4 mRNA and Pax7 mRNA in the gastrocnemius muscle tissue were detected using quantitative real time-PCR. RESULTS: Compared with the sham operation group, the ratio of wet weight and CSA of the gastrocnemius muscle, and the expression levels of Mir-1 and Mir-133a were significantly decreased in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), while the expression levels of HDAC4 mRNA and Mir-133b significantly up-regulated in the model group (P<0.05). Following EA intervention, the decreased levels of the ratio of wet weight and CSA of the gastrocnemius muscle were significantly suppressed (P<0.01), suggesting an inhibition of the skeletal muscle atrophy, and the expression levels of Pax7 and HDAC4 mRNAs were notably up-regulated (P<0.05), and those of Mir-1, Mir-133a and Mir-133b were significantly or further significantly down-regulated relevant to the model group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA intervention can delay muscular atrophy in rats with denervated gastrocnemius muscle, which may be related with its function in up-regulating the expression of Pax7 and HDAC4 mRNAs and down-regulating the expression of Mir-1, Mir-133a and Mir-133b.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Masculino , MicroRNAs , Músculo Esquelético , Atrofia Muscular , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1167: 157-173, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520354

RESUMO

MiRNAs are post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression which have been implicated in virtually all biological processes. MiRNAs are frequently dysregulated in human cancers. However, the functional consequences of aberrant miRNA levels are not well understood. Drosophila is emerging as an important in vivo tumor model, especially in the identification of novel cancer genes. Here, we review Drosophila studies which functionally dissect the roles of miRNAs in tumorigenesis. Ultimately, these advances help to understand the implications of miRNA dysregulation in human cancers.


Assuntos
Drosophila , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Oncogenes
13.
Bioengineered ; 10(1): 345-352, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411110

RESUMO

This study aimed to detect serum miR-203 expression levels in AML and explore its potential clinical significance. Quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure the serum miR-203 levels in 134 patients with AML and 70 healthy controls. The results demonstrated that serum miR-203 expression was significantly reduced in AML patients compared with healthy controls. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis revealed miR-203 could distinguish AML cases from normal controls. Low serum miR-203 levels were associated with worse clinical features, as well as poorer overall survival and relapse free survival of AML patients. Moreover, multivariate analysis confirmed low serum miR-203 expression to be an independent unfavorable prognostic predictor for AML. The bioinformatics analysis showed that the downstream genes and pathways of miR-203 was closely associated with tumorigenesis. Downregulation of miR-203 in AML cell lines upregulated the expression levels of oncogenic promoters such as CREB1, SRC and HDAC1. Thus, these findings demonstrated that serum miR-203 might be a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of AML.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Antagomirs/genética , Antagomirs/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/sangue , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Histona Desacetilase 1/sangue , Histona Desacetilase 1/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/sangue , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Análise Multivariada , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Recidiva , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida , Quinases da Família src/sangue , Quinases da Família src/genética
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(8): 769-772, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of differentially methylated genes and gene ontology associated with neural tube defects (NTDs). METHODS: Twelve subjects from 3 NTDs pedigrees were enrolled. Patients with NTDs have served as the case group, while their family members with normal phenotypes have served as the control group. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral venous blood samples of the families and used for DNA methylation analysis. Pairwise comparison was carried out primarily for patient-offspring pairs, and co-segregation of methylation pattern with NTDs was analyzed. Pathway related to differentially methylated genes was predicted with DAVID software. RESULTS: Pairwise comparison indicated that VTRNA2-1 was the only gene in which all CpG sites were methylated. Co-segregation of VTRNA2-1 gene methylation with NTDs was found in all pedigrees. Pathways of hypermethylated genes included plasma membrane component, regulation of cellular protein metabolic process, and regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization, while the pathways of hypomethylated genes have included transcription regulator activity, cell adhesion, and neuronal differentiation. CONCLUSION: Methylation of the VTRNA2-1 gene has co-segregated with NTDs in the studied pedigrees. The pathways of differentially methylated genes has involved with mechanism of neural tube development.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , MicroRNAs/genética , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/genética , Ilhas de CpG , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Linhagem
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(8): 781-784, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the expression profile of microRNA (miRNA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and immune factors in pregnant women with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS: A total of 182 pregnant women infected with HBV were randomly selected, with 40 healthy pregnant women and 35 non-pregnant women as controls. High-throughput sequencing was used to detect RNA in the PBMC of all subjects. Indirect ELISA method was used to determine the changes of cytokines in peripheral blood samples. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, 18 differentially expressed miRNA were identified in those with HBV infection (P< 0.01). Among these, miR-3607-3p, miR-20a, miR-1296, miR-153-1 and miR-X4 may directly regulate the transcriptional level of target genes including IL-10, IL-18, IL-16, MCP-1, NUP50 and CCR1. Meanwhile, peripheral blood cytokines IL-10, IL-18, IL-16 and MCP-1 were significantly increased in those with HBV infection (P<0.01), with the expression level of IL-16 and MCP-1 being strongly correlated with the viral load. CONCLUSION: The expression profiles of miRNA in PBMC and cytokines in peripheral blood can change significantly during pregnancy, both may be involved in the immune response to HBV infection.


Assuntos
Citocinas/sangue , Hepatite B/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/sangue , DNA Viral , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Gravidez
16.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 935-947, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468458

RESUMO

Taurine protect against diabetic neuropathy. However, the protective mechanism of taurine has been poorly understood. It has been demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in regulating gene expression. Therefore, it is interested in whether taurine affects miRNAs expression profile in peripheral nerve tissue of diabetic neuropathy. In the present study, rats were treated as three group: (1) control (Con) group, (2) diabetic mellitus (DM) group and (3) taurine treatment (Tau) group. Sciatic nerve tissue was harvested and miRNA expression was determined using sequencing. The results showed that 80 miRNAs showed significant difference in DM group compared to Con group, of which 20 miRNAs showed up-regulating, as well as, 60 miRNAs showed down-regulating. On the other hand, 215 differential miRNAs were found between DM and Tau groups. Moreover, the numbers of up-regulated and down-regulated miRNAs were 1 and 214, respectively. Twelve specific miRNAs were screened out and the target genes were obtained by target analysis software. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that these potential target genes for the miRNAs might be involved in axon guidance, generation of neurons, nervous system development and neurogenesis. Our results provided a miRNA profile for further exploring protective mechanisms of taurine against diabetic peripheral neuropathy.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Diabéticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Nervo Isquiático/metabolismo , Taurina/farmacologia , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Ratos , Nervo Isquiático/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 5159-5173, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371954

RESUMO

Introduction: The use of liposomes as a drug delivery carrier (DDC) for the treatment of various diseases, especially cancer, is rapidly increasing, requiring more stringent synthesis, formulation, and preservation techniques to bolster safety and efficacy. Liposomes otherwise referred to as phospholipid vesicles are self-assembled colloidal particles. When formed in either the micrometer or nanometer size range, they are ideal candidates as DDC because of their biological availability, performance, activity, and compatibility. Defining and addressing the critical quality attributes (CQAs) along the pharmaceutical production scale will enable a higher level of quality control for reproducibility. More specifically, understanding the CQAs of nanoliposomes that dictate its homogeneity and stability has the potential to widen applications in biomedical science. Methods: To this end, we designed a study that aimed to define synthesis, characterization, formulation (encapsulation), preservation, and cargo delivery and trafficking as the major components within a target product profile for nanoliposomes. A series of synthetic schemes were employed to measure physicochemical properties relevant to nanomaterial drug product development, including concentration gradients, probe versus bath sonication, and storage temperature measured by microscopy (electron and light) and dynamic light scattering. Results: Concentration was found to be a vital CQA as reducing concentrations resulted in nanometer-sized liposomes of <350 nm. Liposomes were loaded with microRNA and fluorescence spectroscopy was used to determine loading efficacy and stability over time. Lyophilization was used to create a dry powder formulation that was then assessed for stability for 6 months. Lastly, breast cancer cell lines were used to ensure efficacy of microRNA delivery and localization. Conclusion: We conclude that microRNA can be loaded into nanometer-sized liposomes, preserved for months in a dried form, and maintain encapsulation after extended time periods in storage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Lipossomos/química , MicroRNAs/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Concentração Osmolar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16685, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374052

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to estimate the prognostic and clinicopathologic significance of miR-125a-5p in human cancers. Eligible studies were obtained from PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Combined hazard ratios (HRs) and odds ratios (ORs) were used to evaluate the prognostic and clinicopathologic value of miR-125a-5p. In pan-cancer, high miR-125a-5p expression was associated with better overall survival (OS) (HR = 0.459, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.369-0.57, P < .001), and disease-free survival (HR = 0.343, 95% CI: 0.237-0.496, P < .001). Furthermore, favorable OS was also found in lung cancer (HR = 0.343, 95% CI: 0.228-0.517, P < .001) and gastric cancer (HR = 0.341, 95% CI: 0.160-0.725, P = .005) patients with high miR-125a-5p expression. Besides, high miR-125a-5p expression was correlated with early stage (OR = 0.413, 95% CI: 0.228-0.749, P = .004) and negative lymph node metastasis (OR = 0.262, 95% CI: 0.073-0.941, P = .04) in gastric cancer, and was linked with better tumor differentiation in pan-cancer (OR = 1.623, 95% CI: 1.064-2.476, P = .025) and lung cancer (OR = 2.371, 95% CI: 1.358-4.141, P = .002). In conclusion, miR-125a-5p is a tumor suppressor with prognostic and clinicopathologic values for human cancer, and miR-125a-5p overexpression predicted favorable prognosis, early stage, negative lymph node metastasis, and better tumor differentiation. More research should be conducted to test these results.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/sangue , Neoplasias/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16470, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393351

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the correlation of long noncoding RNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (lnc-NEAT1), microRNA-124 (miR-124) and lnc-NEAT1/miR-124 axis with disease risk, severity, inflammatory cytokines, and survival of sepsis.Eighty-two patients with sepsis and 82 healthy controls (HCs) were consecutively enrolled. Blood samples were collected for detection of lnc-NEAT1 and miR-124 expressions (using RT-qPCR) and measurement of inflammatory cytokines expressions (by ELISA). Severity and organ failure were assessed by acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, and survival was assessed.Lnc-NEAT1 expression was increased while miR-124 expression was decreased in patients with sepsis compared to HCs, and both of them were able to distinguish patients with sepsis from HCs. For disease condition, lnc-NEAT1 positively associated with APACHE II score, SOFA score, and expressions of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), whereas miR-124 negatively correlated with APACHE II score, SOFA score and levels of serum creatinine (Scr), CRP, TNF-α, IL-1ß, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-17 (IL-17). Regarding prognosis, lnc-NEAT1 was upregulated but miR-124 was downregulated in nonsurvivors compared to survivors. Additionally, lnc-NEAT1 negatively correlated with miR-124. Besides, lnc-NEAT1/miR-124 axis was increased in patients with sepsis compared to HCs, and positively associated with APACHE II score, SOFA score, and levels of Scr, CRP, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-17, while negatively correlated with survival. Most importantly, lnc-NEAT1/miR-124 axis presented numerically increased predictive value for sepsis risk and survival compared to each index alone.Lnc-NEAT1/miR-124 axis correlates with increased sepsis risk, and associates with higher inflammation, deteriorative disease condition, and decreased survival in patients with sepsis.


Assuntos
Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/fisiopatologia , APACHE , Adulto , Idoso , Deterioração Clínica , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1152: 335-364, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456193

RESUMO

Breast cancer and specifically metastatic breast cancer (mBC) constitutes a major health burden worldwide with the highest number of cancer-related mortality among women across the globe. Despite having similar subtypes, breast cancer patients present with a spectrum of aggressiveness and responsiveness to therapy due to cancer heterogeneity. Drug resistance and metastasis contribute to therapy failure and cancer recurrence. Research in the past two decades has focused on microRNAs (miRNAs), small endogenous non-coding RNAs, as active players in tumorigenesis, therapy resistance and metastasis and as novel non-invasive cancer biomarkers. This is due to their unique dysregulated signatures throughout tumor progression and their tumor suppressive/oncogenic roles. Identifying miRNAs signatures capable of predicting therapy response and metastatic onset in breast cancer patients might improve prognosis and offer prolonged median and relapse-free survival rate. Despite the growing reports on miRNAs as novel non-invasive biomarkers in breast cancer and as regulators of breast cancer drug resistance or metastasis, the quest on whether some miRNAs are capable of regulating both simultaneously is inevitable, yet understudied. This chapter will review the role of miRNAs as biomarkers and as active players in inducing/reversing anti-cancer drug resistance, driving/blocking metastasis or regulating both simultaneously in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , MicroRNAs/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
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