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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4964, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009394

RESUMO

Thrombosis leads to platelet activation and subsequent degradation; therefore, replenishment of platelets from hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) is needed to maintain the physiological level of circulating platelets. Platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) are protein- and RNA-containing vesicles released from activated platelets. We hypothesized that factors carried by PMPs might influence the production of platelets from HSPCs, in a positive feedback fashion. Here we show that, during mouse acute liver injury, the density of megakaryocyte in the bone marrow increases following an increase in circulating PMPs, but without thrombopoietin (TPO) upregulation. In vitro, PMPs are internalized by HSPCs and drive them toward a megakaryocytic fate. Mechanistically, miR-1915-3p, a miRNA highly enriched in PMPs, is transported to target cells and suppresses the expression levels of Rho GTPase family member B, thereby inducing megakaryopoiesis. In addition, direct injection of PMPs into irradiated mice increases the number of megakaryocytes and platelets without affecting TPO levels. In conclusion, our data reveal that PMPs have a role in promoting megakaryocytic differentiation and platelet production.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/metabolismo , Megacariócitos/citologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular , Endocitose , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fígado/lesões , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Megacariócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , MicroRNAs/genética , Poliploidia , Proteína rhoB de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
2.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1332-1340, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063501

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the research progress of the regulatory role of microRNA (miRNA) in osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its application as a therapeutic target and diagnostic tool in orthopedic diseases. Methods: The recent literature on the regulation of MSCs osteogenic differentiation by miRNAs was extensively reviewed, and its regulatory mechanism and its application as a therapeutic target and diagnostic tool in orthopedic diseases were reviewed. Results: miRNAs are small endogenous non-coding RNAs with a length of 20-22 nucleotides, which play an important role in the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. Osteogenesis begins with the differentiation of MSCs into mature osteoblasts, and each stage of dynamic homeostasis of bone metabolism is associated with the regulation of different miRNAs. miRNAs are regulated from the post-transcriptional level by mRNAs cleavage, degradation, translational repression, or methylation. In addition, current studies suggest that miRNAs can be used as a new diagnostic tool and therapeutic target for orthopedic diseases. Conclusion: Further study on the regulation mechanism of miRNAs will provide more ideas for finding new therapeutic targets and diagnostic tools for orthopedic disease.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Diferenciação Celular , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteoblastos , Osteogênese
3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1523-1527, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of Hsa-miR-9 in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its relationship with CDX2 gene. METHODS: The clinical data of 130 patients with ALL were collected from nearly five years in our hospital, and in the same period 60 healthy children in the same age were selected as control group. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was applied to examine the expression of Hsa-miR-9 and CDX2 gene of the two groups, the relationship between Hsa-miR-9 expression and ALL patients' clinical characteristics, survival time, CDX2 expression were analyzed. RESULTS: The expression level of Hsa-miR-9 in ALL children was significantly lower than that in the healthy control group (P<0.001). The expression of Hsa-miR-9 in ALL children related with serum WBC, infiltrating lymph nodes, splenomegaly, and risk grade (P<0.05). The median survival time of ALL children with high expression of Hsa-miR-9 was significantly longer than that of the ALL children with low expression (P<0.001). Hsa-miR-9 expression significantly correlated with CDX2 gene expression in ALL children at different treatment stages (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression of Hsa-miR-9 decreases in children with ALL, and ALL children with high expression of Hsa-miR-9 have a longer overall survival time. The expression of hsa-miR-9 in ALL children closely related with CDX2 gene.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Fator de Transcrição CDX2/genética , Criança , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
4.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1578-1584, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential mechanisms of miR-224 affecting the proliferation and invasion of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cells. METHODS: The blood samples of 76 DLBCL patients(DLBCL group) diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from June 2011 to December 2017, and 41 healthy persons of physical examination (normal control group) as well as human lymphatic endothelial cells (HELC) and DLBCL cell lines HBL1, OCI-LY10, OCI-LY8, OCI-LY19 were collected. The expression of miR-224 and PIK3CD mRNA was measured by RT-qPCR. The proliferation of HBL1 cells was detected by CCK-8 method and colony formation test. The invasion ability of HBL1 cells was detected by Transwell test. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify the relationship between miR-224 and PIK3CD. The expression of PIK3CD protein was measured by Western blot. RESULTS: The expression of miR-224 in blood of DLBCL patients was very significantly lower than that in normal control group (P<0.01). The overexpression of miR-224 significantly decreased proliferation and invasion of HBL1 cells (all P<0.01). PIK3CD was a target gene of miR-224. Knockdown of PIK3CD significantly suppressed the proliferation and invasion of HBL1 cells (all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: MiR-224 plays a key role in the progression of DLBCL, and the proliferation and invasion of HBL1 cells can be suppressed by targeted inhibition of PIK3CD.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , MicroRNAs , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , MicroRNAs/genética
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2346-2352, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018478

RESUMO

Lung cancer is a major public health burden and among the highest incidence and mortality rates of the cancers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the development of lung cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a potential causal relation between miRNAs and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). 1,026 patients with NSCLC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were analyzed. NSCLC associated SNPs' allele scores were established, and candidate miRNAs were filtered from differential expression analysis. Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was conducted for 5 candidate miRNA (hsa-miR-135b, hsa-miR-142, hsa-miR-182, hsa-miR-183 and hsa-miR-3607) and 76 candidate SNPs in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) group. According to the core assumptions of MR, there was no clear evidence of a causal relation between the 5 candidate miRNAs and LUAD. The reads per million miRNAs mapped (RPM) level of candidate miRNAs changed less than 3% per allele score. To our knowledge, this is the first study using the TCGA data set to investigate the causal relation between miRNAs and lung cancer using the MR approach, and also one of the first MR studies to use miRNA expression as an exposure factor, with the SNPs as instrumental variables.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , MicroRNAs/genética , Nucleotídeos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
6.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 267-274, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043343

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the molecular mechanism of LncRNA NEAT1 regulating proliferation, migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells by regulating miR-339-5p/ITGA3 axis. METHODS: qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of NEAT1, miR-339-5p, ITGA3 mRNA and ITGA3 protein in 25 cases of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma, its corresponding adjacent tissues, human normal oral mucosal cell line HOK and human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell lines TSCCA, CAL27, SCC15 and HN13. CAL27 cell lines that inhibited NEAT1 and overexpressed miR-339-5p were constructed, respectively. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay, cell numbers of migration and invasion were detected by Transwell assay, and the expression of Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 proteins were detected by Western blotting. The dual luciferase reporter gene was used to verify the targeting relationship of NEAT1, miR-339-5p and ITGA3, and the regulatory relationship was detected by Western blotting and qRT-PCR. SPSS 17.0 software package was used for statistical analysis of the data. RESULTS: Compared with normal human oral mucosal cell line HOK, the expression of NEAT1 and ITGA3 was up-regulated, while the expression of miR-339-5p was down-regulated in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Inhibition of NEAT1 or over-expression of miR-339-5p significantly inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of CAL27 cells, and significantly inhibited expression of Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 proteins. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that NEAT1 directly interacted with miR-339-5p and suppressed its expression. miR-339-5p negatively regulated ITGA3 expression. Inhibition of NEAT1 reversed the inhibitory effect of the inhibition of miR-339-5p on proliferation, migration and invasion of CAL27 cells. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA NEAT1 promotes proliferation, migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells by down-regulating miR-339-5p/ITGA3 axis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante/fisiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Integrina alfa3 , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
7.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1136-1141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051430

RESUMO

Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder clinical syndrome, coexisting hypertension and proteinuria. It is a result of the shallow remodeling of the spiral arteries after 20 weeks of gestation, which changes the placental microenvironment and releases a series of maternal circulation factors. Currently, there are no effective tools for the treatment of preeclampsia unless terminating pregnancy. The unclear pathogenesis, the high rate of fetal growth restriction, fetal disability and maternal mortality make it important for researchers to explore the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in regulating the expression of almost 30% of all genes by binding to the 3' untranslated region of a target mRNA, which affects various cell processes, including differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, and development. A large number of miRNAs can be expressed in human placental tissues, while some are only specifically expressed and can also be released into the maternal blood in the form of exosome during pregnancy. Thus, it makes miRNA hopefully as a novel molecular marker for monitoring pregnancy, prediction and diagnosis of gestational diseases.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Placenta , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , Gravidez , RNA Mensageiro
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22261, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957376

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the major causes of cancer mortality in developed countries. Therefore, there is an urgent need to derive biomarkers for early diagnosis of PC patients at high risk.This study was designed to identify a panel of miRNAs that might serve as biomarkers for the early diagnosis of PC.The data containing both PC and control samples were extracted from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. EdgeR was applied to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs and genes between PC patients and healthy controls. Then a miRNA-mRNA network was constructed based on the differentially expressed miRNAs and genes. The miRNAs-based biomarker for PC was finally constructed by random forest. Finally, AUC was used to evaluate the performance of miRNAs to classify PC and control samples.A total of 33 differentially expressed miRNAs, 753 differentially expressed genes, and 8 miRNAs (hsa-mir-139, hsa-mir-31, hsa-mir-196b, hsa-mir-221, hsa-mir-203b, hsa-mir-215, hsa-mir-144, and hsa-mir-4433b) that play important roles in PC were identified. The target genes of these miRNAs were found to be mainly enriched in negative regulation of acute inflammatory response cell-substrate responses, and o-glycan processing pathways. The constructed biomarkers based on these 8 miRNAs could distinguish samples coming from PC and healthy controls.We identified a panel of eight-miRNAs that would serve as early diagnostic biomarkers for PC patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993015

RESUMO

The outbreak of a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic has caused a worldwide public health emergency. Due to the constantly evolving nature of the coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2-mediated alterations on post-transcriptional gene regulations across human tissues remain elusive. In this study, we analyzed publicly available genomic datasets to systematically dissect the crosstalk and dysregulation of the human post-transcriptional regulatory networks governed by RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) and micro-RNAs (miRs) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection. We uncovered that 13 out of 29 SARS-CoV-2-encoded proteins directly interacted with 51 human RBPs, of which the majority of them were abundantly expressed in gonadal tissues and immune cells. We further performed a functional analysis of differentially expressed genes in mock-treated versus SARS-CoV-2-infected lung cells that revealed enrichment for the immune response, cytokine-mediated signaling, and metabolism-associated genes. This study also characterized the alternative splicing events in SARS-CoV-2-infected cells compared to the control, demonstrating that skipped exons and mutually exclusive exons were the most abundant events that potentially contributed to differential outcomes in response to the viral infection. A motif enrichment analysis on the RNA genomic sequence of SARS-CoV-2 clearly revealed the enrichment for RBPs such as SRSFs, PCBPs, ELAVs, and HNRNPs, suggesting the sponging of RBPs by the SARS-CoV-2 genome. A similar analysis to study the interactions of miRs with SARS-CoV-2 revealed functionally important miRs that were highly expressed in immune cells, suggesting that these interactions may contribute to the progression of the viral infection and modulate the host immune response across other human tissues. Given the need to understand the interactions of SARS-CoV-2 with key post-transcriptional regulators in the human genome, this study provided a systematic computational analysis to dissect the role of dysregulated post-transcriptional regulatory networks controlled by RBPs and miRs across tissue types during a SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/genética , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Viral , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pandemias , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
10.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 295(6): 1547-1558, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915308

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression and thus characterization of miRNAs and investigation of the relative abundance and specificity of tissue expression are essential for understanding gene expression in the golden snub-nosed monkey (GSM, Rhinopithecus roxellanae). Here, we report the first dataset of GSM miRNAs where we identified 460 miRNAs in seven tissues, with 246 conserved known mature miRNAs and 214 novel mature miRNAs. We determined miRNA abundance and expression in the seven tissues using a Tissue Specificity Index score and found that most novel GSM miRNAs showed a highly tissue-specific expression pattern. In particular, 67 novel miRNAs and the miR-34 family were expressed in abundance only in the lung. Five known miRNAs were highly abundant in digestive organs such as the pancreas and liver, and four novel miRNAs were highly expressed in the heart and muscle. Annotation of target genes of GSM miRNAs indicated that target genes were enriched in many important pathways, such as the HIF-1 signaling pathway and xenobiotic biodegradation-related pathways. Collectively, these results emphasize that miRNAs play important roles in GSM diet and high-elevation adaptation regulation. In summary, this study provides essential information on GSM miRNAs and will benefit further investigations of the function and mechanism of miRNAs in controlling gene expression in the GSM.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Colobinae/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Animais , Masculino , Especificidade de Órgãos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21895, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871920

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) refers to a small, short non-coding RNA of endogenous class. They have shown to have an increasingly altered expression in many types of cancer, including colorectal cancer (CRC).In the present study, miRNA TaqManMGB and qRT-PCR was used to quantify the expression and clinical significance of 3 mature human miRNA in 82 pairs of colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and normal adjacent tissue samples (NATS) collected from patients of the south-east part of Romania. Differences between CRC and NATS were analyzed using Wilcoxon test, while correlations between miRNAs expression levels and clinicopathological features were examined using non-parametric tests. In addition, the ability of selected miRNAs to function as biomarkers and, as potential indicators in CRC prognosis was also examined.When the miRNA expression was compared in CRC related NATS, miR-143, and miR-145 were significantly underexpressed (4.99 ±â€Š-1.02 vs -5.66 ±â€Š-1.66, P < .001; -4.85 ±â€Š-0.59 vs -9.27 ±â€Š-1.51, P < .001, respectively), while the pattern of miR-92a was significantly overexpressed (-5.55 ±â€Š-2.83 vs -4.92 ±â€Š-2.44, P < .001). Moreover, the expression levels of selected miRNAs were identified to be correlated with gradual increases in fold change expression with the depth of tumor invasion, lymph node invasion, and maximal increases with distant metastasis. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated that potential diagnostic of miR-143, miR-145, and miR-92a in discriminating CRC from NATS, with the area under the curve of 0.74, 0.85, and 0.84 respectively. The Kaplan-Meier and the log-rank test showed that a high level of miR-92a and low levels of miR-143 and miR-145 predicted poor survival rate in our cohorts.In conclusion, we can summarize that miR-145 and miR-143 are decreased, while miR-92 is increased in CRC compared to NATS, and associated with different stages of CRC pathogenesis. Thus, the expression of selected miRNAs can represent potential diagnostic and prognostic tools in patients with CRC from Romania.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , MicroRNAs/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Romênia , Transcriptoma
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21902, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871922

RESUMO

The function of miR-9 in osteosarcoma is not well-investigated and controversial. Therefore, we conducted meta-analysis to explore the role of miR-9 in osteosarcoma, and collected relevant TCGA data to further testify the result. In addition, bioinformatics analysis was conducted to investigate the mechanism and related pathways of miR-9-3p in osteosarcoma.Literature search was operated on databases up to February 19, 2020, including PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Wiley Online Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biology Medicine disc, Chongqing VIP, and Wan Fang Data. The relation of miR-9 expression with survival outcome was estimated by hazard ratio (HRs) and 95% CIs. Meta-analysis was conducted on the Stata 12.0 (Stata Corporation, TX). To further assess the function of miR-9 in osteosarcoma, relevant data from the TCGA database was collected. Three databases, miRDB, miRPathDB 2.0, and Targetscan 7.2, were used for prediction of target genes. Genes present in these 3 databases were considered as predicted target genes of miR-9-3p. Venny 2.1 were used for intersection analysis. Subsequently, GO, KEGG, and PPI network analysis were conducted based on the overlapping target genes of miR-9-3p to explore the possible molecular mechanism in osteosarcoma.Meta-analysis shown that overexpression of miR-9 was associated with worse overall survival (OS) (HR = 4.180, 95% CI: 2.880-6.066, P < .001, I = 23.5%). Based on TCGA data, osteosarcoma patients with overexpression of miR-9-3p (HR = 1.603, 95% CI: 1.028-2.499, P = .037) and miR-9-5p (HR = 1.698, 95% CI: 1.133-2.545, P = .01) also suffered poor OS. In bioinformatics analysis, 2 significant and important pathways were enriched: Wnt signaling pathway from gene ontology analysis (gene ontology:0016055, P-adjust = .008); hippo signaling pathway from Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis (P-adjust = .007). Moreover, network analysis relevant protein-protein interaction was visualized, revealing 117 nodes and 161 edges.High miR-9 expression was associated with poor prognosis. Based on bioinformatics analysis, this study enhanced the understanding of the mechanism and related pathways of miR-9 in osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Osteossarcoma/genética , Biologia Computacional , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais/genética
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22105, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymph node metastasis is a significant problem in breast cancer, and its underlying molecular mechanism is still unclear. The purpose of this study is to research the molecular mechanism and to explore the key RNAs and pathways that mediate lymph node metastasis in breast cancer. METHODS: GSE100453 and GSE38167 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and 569 breast cancer statistics were also downloaded from the TCGA database. Differentially expressed miRNAs were calculated by using R software and GEO2R. Gene ontology and Enriched pathway analysis of target mRNAs were analyzed by using the Database for Database of Annotation Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) and R software. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was performed according to Metascape, String, and Cytoscape software. RESULTS: In total, 6 differentially expressed miRNAs were selected, and 499 mRNAs were identified after filtering. The research of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) demonstrated that mRNAs enriched in certain tumor pathways. Also, certain hub mRNAs were highlighted after constructed and analyzed the PPI network. A total of 3 out of 6 miRNAs had a significant relationship with the overall survival (P < .05) and showed a good ability of risk prediction model of over survival. CONCLUSIONS: By utilizing bioinformatics analyses, differently expressed miRNAs were identified and constructed a complete gene network. Several potential mechanisms and therapeutic and prognostic targets of lymph node metastasis were also demonstrated in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Metástase Linfática/genética , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Microambiente Tumoral
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21706, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872046

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested to act critical roles in the pathophysiology of traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (TONFH). Unfortunately, their roles in the development of TONFH are still ambiguous. The purpose of this study is to identify promising miRNA biomarkers in traumatic osteonecrosis development.We conducted a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis using microarray datasets downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, and compared the expression of miRNAs in the serum of TONFH patients with controls. Next, we performed target prediction, function enrichment analysis, and protein-protein interaction network analysis based on differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs.We identified 26 DE miRNAs that may contribute to the pathophysiology of TONFH. The miRNAs were linked to ubiquitin proteasome system including conjugating protein ligase activity, ubiquitin-protein ligase activity and ubiquitin mediated proteolysis 5 pathway, and we exposed miR-181a-5p and miR-140-5p as promising biomarkers in TONFH.A predicting model consisting of 5 miRNAs may help discriminating high-risk patients who might develop TONFH after femur neck fracture. Among DE miRNAs, MiR-181a-5p and miR-140-5p may contribute to the development femoral head osteonecrosis after femur neck fracture via ubiquitin proteasome system.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Colo Femoral/genética , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/genética , MicroRNAs/análise , Ubiquitina/genética , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética
15.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(1): 401, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an important non-coding RNA, microRNA (miRNA) plays a significant role in a series of life processes and is closely associated with a variety of Human diseases. Hence, identification of potential miRNA-disease associations can make great contributions to the research and treatment of Human diseases. However, to our knowledge, many existing computational methods only utilize the single type of known association information between miRNAs and diseases to predict their potential associations, without focusing on their interactions or associations with other types of molecules. RESULTS: In this paper, we propose a network embedding-based method for predicting miRNA-disease associations by preserving behavior and attribute information. Firstly, a heterogeneous network is constructed by integrating known associations among miRNA, protein and disease, and the network representation method Learning Graph Representations with Global Structural Information (GraRep) is implemented to learn the behavior information of miRNAs and diseases in the network. Then, the behavior information of miRNAs and diseases is combined with the attribute information of them to represent miRNA-disease association pairs. Finally, the prediction model is established based on the Random Forest algorithm. Under the five-fold cross validation, the proposed NEMPD model obtained average 85.41% prediction accuracy with 80.96% sensitivity at the AUC of 91.58%. Furthermore, the performance of NEMPD is also validated by the case studies. Among the top 50 predicted disease-related miRNAs, 48 (breast neoplasms), 47 (colon neoplasms), 47 (lung neoplasms) were confirmed by two other databases. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed NEMPD model has a good performance in predicting the potential associations between miRNAs and diseases, and has great potency in the field of miRNA-disease association prediction in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Algoritmos , Área Sob a Curva , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Curva ROC
16.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5529-5538, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a unique subtype that lacks expression of several conventional biomarkers and has a higher incidence of lymph node invasion and distal metastasis among all breast cancers. Anoikis resistance is the fundamental reason behind tumor cells' survival without their attachment to the extracellular matrix and metastasis to distal organs. Therefore, finding novel anti-cancer drugs that can suppress anoikis resistance in cancer cells is critical for patients with TNBC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Curcumol, a natural compound, was used to assess whether it can inhibit the anoikis resistance and affects cell mortality and motility of IV2-1 TNBC cells. RESULTS: Curcumol suppressed anoikis resistance and inhibited TNBC cell survival in suspension. Additionally, these anti-cancer effects induced by curcumol could be related to the YAP1/Skp2 molecular pathway. CONCLUSION: Curcumol is an effective Skp2-targeted therapy that attenuates anoikis resistance and metastasis in TNBC cells.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S/genética , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Anoikis/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
17.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5539-5544, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is overexpressed in many types of cancer, inhibiting the release of the microRNA 15a (miR-15a) and inducing the production of Mxi-2. Our aim was to identify a molecular complex regulating p53 activity in prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: DU145 cells were treated with ET-1, MAPK p38 inhibitor, Endothelin A receptor inhibitor (ETAR inhibitor) and Endothelin B receptor inhibitor (ETBR inhibitor). Extracts were analysed using Western Blot, immunoprecipitation and qRT-PCR. Furthermore, prostate cancer patient samples were analysed using qRT-PCR and ELISA. RESULTS: The hypothesised molecular complex was identified, with miR-15a, microRNA 1285 (miR-1285) and Mxi-2 levels up-regulated in patients in relation to increasing aggressiveness of PCa. CONCLUSION: A complex composed of Argonaut 2 (Ago2)/Mxi-2/miR-1285 is involved in PCa. The expression of Mxi-2 correlates with increasing PCa aggressiveness and might be used as a non-invasive marker for the diagnosis and progression of PCa.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas Argonauta/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Antagonistas do Receptor de Endotelina A/farmacologia , Antagonistas do Receptor de Endotelina B/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Receptor de Endotelina A/genética , Receptor de Endotelina B/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores
18.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(9): 958-963, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the role of microRNA-17-5p (miR-17-5p) in the pathogenesis of pediatric nephrotic syndrome (NS) and its effect on renal podocyte apoptosis via the activin A (ActA)/Smads pathway. METHODS: An analysis was performed on 55 children with NS (NS group) who were admitted from March 2018 to March 2019. Fifty healthy children who underwent physical examination during the same period of time were enrolled as the control group. The mRNA expression of miR-17-5p in peripheral blood was measured and compared between the two groups. Human renal podocytes were transfected with antisense oligonucleotide recombinant plasmid containing miR-17-5p (inhibition group) or control vector containing nonsense random sequence (negative control group), and untreated human renal podocytes were used as the blank group. These groups were compared in terms of cell apoptosis and the mRNA and protein expression of miR-17-5p, ActA, and Smads after transfection. RESULTS: The NS group had a significantly higher level of miR-17-5p in peripheral blood than the control group (P<0.001). Compared with the blank and negative control groups, the inhibition group had significantly lower apoptosis rate and relative mRNA expression of miR-17-5p and significantly higher relative mRNA and protein expression of ActA, Smad2, and Smad3 (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There is an increase in the content of miR-17-5p in peripheral blood in children with NS. Low expression of miR-17-5p can inhibit the apoptosis of human renal podocytes, which may be associated with the upregulation of the mRNA and protein expression of ActA, Smad2 and Smad3.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Síndrome Nefrótica , Apoptose , Criança , Humanos , Síndrome Nefrótica/genética , Podócitos , Transfecção
19.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(7): 862-868, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879091

RESUMO

Antisense long chain noncoding RNA (lncRNA) is a new class of RNA molecules. In recent years, antisense lncRNA has been found to play an important role in many life activities including tumorigenesis and development. It has become a hot topic in biological research in recent years. Because of the special structure, many antisense lncRNAs have specific expression in tumor tissues and are closely related to the clinical data of the patients. Thus, antisense lncRNA is a potential tumor molecular marker. Further functional studies have shown that lncRNA can participate in gene regulation by means of miRNA sponge and RBP binding to play an important role in tumor cell cycle, apoptosis, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis. More studies on the mechanisms of antisense lncRNA in cancer are of great theoretical significance in understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of malignant tumors and RNA language. At the same time, antisense lncRNA is a molecular marker or a potential target for the early diagnosis of malignant tumors. The antisense lncRNA may have a broad clinical application prospect in the evaluation of therapeutic effect, prognosis and even gene therapy.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos
20.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 673-677, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide clues for further study of the relationship between miRNAs and Kawasaki disease (KD) development, and to provide molecular markers for ultimately improve the rate of early diagnosis for KD. METHODS: We collected acute, recovery KD children's plasma and normal samples, then used the miRNAs Assay Chip to screen the differentially expressed miRNAs in the plasma from KD children. Subsequently, miR-455-5p, which had identified via miRNAs assay chip, was validated by quantitative real-time PCR via independent cohort. RESULTS: According to the results of miRNAs Assay chip, we identified a miRNAs panel including 5 miRNAs significantly up-regulated and 5 miRNAs remarkably down-regulated in the plasma from KD children compared to the normal control; miR-455-5p in both of acute and recovery KD children's plasma was remarkably lower than that in the normal control (P<0.001, P=0.013, respectively), and miR-455-5p was also significantly lower than that in the recovery of KD children (P=0.007) by independent cohort validation. CONCLUSIONS: There are significantly differentially expressed circulating miRNAs between the KD children and normal control. We identified 10 miRNAs dysregulation in the KD children's plasma compared with the normal group. Circulating miR-455-5p in both of acute and recovery KD children's plasma is remarkably lower than that in the normal control, and miR-455-5p may considered as a marker to show the recovery process of KD children. Plasma specific circulating miRNAs play an important role in the early diagnosis of KD and become the new molecular marker of KD in the future.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Biomarcadores , Criança , Humanos , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
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