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4.
Clin Microbiol Infect ; 25(2): 155-162, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30145398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) aims to further develop its role in international medical and scientific guidance in the field of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, where many types of guidance documents exist. The ESCMID Executive Committee and the Clinical Microbiology and Infection (CMI) editorial board wish to clarify the terminology and format to be used in ESCMID guidance documents submitted for publication in CMI, and to highlight the principles behind ESCMID guidance documents. TYPES OF GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS: There are five types of ESCMID guidance documents: White Papers, Clinical Practice Guidelines, Consensus Statements, State-of-the-Science Statements, and Position Papers. They differ in scope, methods of development, drafting group composition and preferred publication format. Guidance documents can be proposed, developed and published by ESCMID Study Groups, Committees and individual members; often, other scientific societies are involved. The full disclosure of potential conflicts of interest of all drafting group members is a requirement. FINAL REMARKS: Guidance documents constitute a common cultural and scientific background to people in the same and related professions. Also, they are an important educational and training tool. Developing a guidance document is a scientific endeavour, where a sound and transparent development process is needed, requiring multidisciplinary and personal skills.


Assuntos
Microbiologia/organização & administração , Sociedades Científicas/organização & administração , Medicina Clínica/organização & administração , Consenso , Europa (Continente) , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
5.
Microbiology ; 165(2): 138-145, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520711

RESUMO

The fifth Young Microbiologists Symposium was held in Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, in late August 2018. The symposium, focused on 'Microbe signalling, organization and pathogenesis', attracted 121 microbiologists from 15 countries. The meeting allowed junior scientists to present their work to a broad audience, and was supported by the European Molecular Biology Organization, the Federation of European Microbiological Societies, the Society of Applied Microbiology, the Biochemical Society and the Microbiology Society. Sessions covered recent advances in areas of microbiology including gene regulation and signalling, secretion and transport across membranes, infection and immunity, and antibiotics and resistance mechanisms. In this Meeting Report, we highlight some of the most significant advances and exciting developments communicated during talks and poster presentations.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Bactérias/patogenicidade , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/imunologia , Sistemas de Secreção Bacterianos , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Microbiologia/organização & administração , Microbiologia/tendências , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
6.
Ann Ist Super Sanita ; 54(4): 324-331, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30575569

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Italian and Serbian Health authorities performed an in-depth Gap Assessment of the Serbian microbiology system in the function of communicable disease surveillance using a methodology adapted to context and information needs. METHODS: There were two study phases: a capacity based survey and an equipment mapping survey. Invited participants included national health authorities, heads of national reference laboratories and of public/private diagnostic laboratories in Serbia. Findings were analysed preliminarily and identified gaps were discussed, prioritized and validated through two ad hoc workshops involving all concerned institutions. RESULTS: The Gap Assessment was performed between September and December 2017. The overall response rate was 69% for phase one and 74% for phase two. Identified gaps were assessed as highly relevant during the project workshops. DISCUSSION: Gaps and priorities were highlighted, validated, and studied with a suitable level of detail to develop a concrete action-plan. The same methodological approach could be used to monitor progress in Serbia as well as in other EU candidate countries.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Microbiologia/normas , Notificação de Doenças , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Microbiologia/organização & administração , Microbiologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Vigilância em Saúde Pública/métodos , Sérvia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Braz J Microbiol ; 49 Suppl 1: 59-63, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174203

RESUMO

In this work, four isolates of endophytic fungi (Alternaria alternata, Colletotrichum gloesporioides, Glomerella cingulata and Nigrospora sphaerica), deposited in the culture collection 'University Recife Mycologia' (URM) at the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, were characterized for the genes ITS 1 and 4 (region 5.8 S) and evaluated for taxol production.


Assuntos
Endófitos/metabolismo , Fungos/metabolismo , Microbiologia/organização & administração , Paclitaxel/biossíntese , Endófitos/genética , Fungos/genética , Preservação Biológica
11.
J Bacteriol ; 200(14)2018 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29760210

RESUMO

The 6th American Society for Microbiology Conference on Cell-Cell Communication in Bacteria convened from 16 to 19 October 2017 in Athens, GA. In this minireview, we highlight some of the research presented at that meeting that addresses central questions emerging in the field, including the following questions. How are cell-cell communication circuits designed to generate responses? Where are bacteria communicating? Finally, why are bacteria engaging in such behaviors?


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos , Microbiologia/organização & administração , Percepção de Quorum/fisiologia , Sociedades Científicas
14.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-171416

RESUMO

In a global world, knowledge of imported infectious diseases is essential in daily practice, both for the microbiologist-parasitologist and the clinician who diagnoses and treats infectious diseases in returned travelers. Tropical and subtropical countries where there is a greater risk of contracting an infectious disease are among the most frequently visited tourist destinations. The SEIMC considers it appropriate to produce a consensus document that will be useful to primary care physicians as well as specialists in internal medicine, infectious diseases and tropical medicine who help treat travelers returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas with infections. Preventive aspects of infectious diseases and infections imported by immigrants are explicitly excluded here, since they have been dealt with in other SEIMC documents. Various types of professionals (clinicians, microbiologists, and parasitologists) have helped produce this consensus document by evaluating the available evidence-based data in order to propose a series of key facts about individual aspects of the topic. The first section of the document is a summary of some of the general aspects concerning the general assessment of travelers who return home with potential infections. The main second section contains the key facts (causative agents, diagnostic procedures and therapeutic measures) associated with the major infectious syndromes affecting returned travelers [gastrointestinal syndrome (acute or persistent diarrhea); febrile syndrome with no obvious source of infection; localized cutaneous lesions; and respiratory infections]. Finally, the characteristics of special traveler subtypes, such as pregnant women and immunocompromised travelers, are described (AU)


En el mundo global, el conocimiento de las enfermedades infecciosas importadas es esencial en la práctica diaria, tanto para el microbiólogo-parasitólogo como para el clínico en enfermedades infecciosas que atiende a viajeros internacionales. Entre los destinos turísticos más visitados se encuentran muchos países tropicales o subtropicales, donde el riesgo de contraer una enfermedad infecciosa es más elevado. La SEIMC ha considerado pertinente la elaboración de un documento de consenso que sirva de ayuda tanto a médicos de Atención Primaria como a especialistas en Medicina Interna, Enfermedades Infecciosas y Medicina Tropical que atienden a viajeros que regresan con infecciones tras un viaje a zonas tropicales y subtropicales. Se han excluido de forma explícita los aspectos de prevención de estas y las infecciones importadas por inmigrantes, objeto de otros documentos de la SEIMC. Varios tipos de profesionales (clínicos, microbiólogos y parasitólogos) han desarrollado este documento de consenso tras evaluar los datos disponibles basados en la evidencia para proponer una serie de datos clave acerca de este aspecto. Inicialmente se revisan los aspectos generales acerca de la evaluación general del viajero que regresa con una potencial infección. En un segundo bloque se señalan los datos clave (agentes causales, procedimientos diagnósticos y medidas terapéuticas) de los síndromes infecciosos principales en el viajero que regresa (síndrome gastrointestinal (diarrea aguda o persistente), síndrome febril sin foco aparente, lesiones cutáneas localizadas e infecciones respiratorias). Finalmente se describen las características en viajeros especiales como la viajera embarazada y el viajero inmunodeprimido (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/microbiologia , Consenso , Eosinofilia/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Microbiologia , Microbiologia/organização & administração , Saúde do Viajante , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração
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