Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.319
Filtrar
1.
Cardiol Clin ; 41(1): 107-115, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368807

RESUMO

Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium secondary to infectious and noninfectious insults. The most feared consequence of myocarditis is sudden cardiac death owing to electrical instability and arrhythmia. Typical presenting symptoms include chest pain, dyspnea, palpitations and/or heart failure. Diagnosis is usually made with history, electrocardiogram, biomarkers, echocardiogram, and cardiac MRI (CMR). Application of the Lake Louise criteria to CMR results can help identify cases of myocarditis. Treatment is usually supportive with medical therapy, and patients are recommended to abstain from exercise for 3 to 6 months. Exercise restrictions may be lifted after normalization on follow-up testing.


Assuntos
Miocardite , Humanos , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocardite/terapia , Volta ao Esporte , Miocárdio , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Eletrocardiografia
2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 844, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371165

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to assess harms (post-vaccine myocarditis and pericarditis) and benefits (preventing severe disease) of COVID-19 vaccination. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study. Using the integrated platform of the vaccination campaign of Lombardy Region (Italy), after the exclusion of 24,188 individuals not beneficiaries of the Regional Health Service, 9,184,146 citizens candidates to vaccine at December 27, 2020 were followed until November 30, 2021 (the loss to follow-up rate was 0.5%). From the date of administration of each vaccine dose to day 28 post-administration, three periods that covered exposure to the first, second, and third dose were defined. The benefit-risk profile of vaccines was performed by comparing the number needed to harm (NNH) and number needed to treat (NNT) by sex, age, and vaccine type. RESULTS: Incidence rates of myocarditis were 9.9 and 5.2 per million person-months during the exposure and no-exposure periods, respectively, and the incidence rates of pericarditis were 19.5 and 15.9 per million person-months, respectively. The risk of myocarditis was highest following exposure to the second dose of the Moderna vaccine (adjusted HR: 5.5, 95% CI: 3.7 to 8.1). Exposure to the Moderna vaccine was also associated with an increased risk of pericarditis (adjusted HR 2.2, 1.5 to 3.1). NNT was higher than NNH (9471 vs. 7213) for 16 to 19-year-old men who received the Moderna vaccine, while all other sex, age, and vaccine subgroups had a favourable harm-benefit profile. CONCLUSIONS: Men 16 to 19 years of age has the highest rates of myocarditis within a few days after receiving the Moderna vaccines. The balance between harms and benefits was almost always in favour of vaccination.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Miocardite , Pericardite , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Miocardite/epidemiologia , Miocardite/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/efeitos adversos , Pericardite/epidemiologia , Pericardite/etiologia , Itália/epidemiologia
3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 80(20): 1900-1908, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postmarketing evaluations have linked myocarditis to COVID-19 mRNA vaccines. However, few population-based analyses have directly compared the safety of the 2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the risk of myocarditis, pericarditis, and myopericarditis between BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273. METHODS: We used data from the British Columbia COVID-19 Cohort (BCC19C), a population-based cohort study. The exposure was the second dose of an mRNA vaccine. The outcome was diagnosis of myocarditis, pericarditis, or myopericarditis during a hospitalization or an emergency department visit within 21 days of the second vaccination dose. We performed multivariable logistic regression to assess the association between vaccine product and the outcomes of interest. RESULTS: The rates of myocarditis and pericarditis per million second doses were higher for mRNA-1273 (n = 31, rate 35.6; 95% CI: 24.1-50.5; and n = 20, rate 22.9; 95% CI: 14.0-35.4, respectively) than BNT162b2 (n = 28, rate 12.6; 95% CI: 8.4-18.2 and n = 21, rate 9.4; 95% CI: 5.8-14.4, respectively). mRNA-1273 vs BNT162b2 had significantly higher odds of myocarditis (adjusted OR [aOR]: 2.78; 95% CI: 1.67-4.62), pericarditis (aOR: 2.42; 95% CI: 1.31-4.46) and myopericarditis (aOR: 2.63; 95% CI: 1.76-3.93). The association between mRNA-1273 and myocarditis was stronger for men (aOR: 3.21; 95% CI: 1.77-5.83) and younger age group (18-39 years; aOR: 5.09; 95% CI: 2.68-9.66). CONCLUSIONS: Myocarditis/pericarditis following mRNA COVID-19 vaccines is rare, but we observed a 2- to 3-fold higher odds among individuals who received mRNA-1273 vs BNT162b2. The rate of myocarditis following mRNA-1273 receipt is highest among younger men (age 18-39 years) and does not seem to be present at older ages. Our findings may have policy implications regarding the choice of vaccine offered.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Miocardite , Pericardite , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Vacina de mRNA-1273 contra 2019-nCoV , Vacina BNT162 , Estudos de Coortes , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Miocardite/epidemiologia , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Pericardite/epidemiologia , Pericardite/etiologia , Pericardite/diagnóstico , Vacinação , Vacinas
5.
Saudi Med J ; 43(11): 1270-1275, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379527

RESUMO

Heart muscle inflammations were reported following SARS-CoV-2 messenger ribonucleic acid (RNA) vaccination by the Disease Control Centers in America, and cases of these inflammations reported as adverse effects of this COVID-19 vaccine application increased 1000 times since April 2021. A male individual, 18-year-old received vaccination with mRNA-1273 vaccine, and after a while attended the Emergency Department at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Upon presentation, the patient complained of a history of chest pain, and he had a high troponin level along with new-onset electrocardiogram changes. During his stay in hospital the patient's blood circulation status remained stable, and no evidence of another infectious or immune cases was found. Although these vaccines are a must and very advantageous in fighting COVID-19 and their benefits are far beyond their risks, although it seems that there is a risk of myopericarditis cases. Under such conditions it is essential to rely on early diagnosis for control and deal with the possible cases of morbidity and mortality associated with these conditions.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Miocardite , Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino , Vacina de mRNA-1273 contra 2019-nCoV , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Inflamação , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocardite/diagnóstico , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
6.
CMAJ ; 194(45): E1529-E1536, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postmarketing evaluations have linked myocarditis to SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines. We sought to estimate the incidence of myocarditis after mRNA vaccination against SARS-CoV-2, and to compare the incidence with expected rates based on historical background rates in British Columbia. METHODS: We conducted an observational study using population health administrative data from the BC COVID-19 Cohort from Dec. 15, 2020, to Mar. 10, 2022. The primary exposure was any dose of an mRNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2. The primary outcome was incidence of hospital admission or emergency department visit for myocarditis or myopericarditis within 7 and 21 days postvaccination, calculated as myocarditis rates per 100 000 mRNA vaccine doses, expected rates of myocarditis cases and observedto-expected ratios. We stratified analyses by age, sex, vaccine type and dose number. RESULTS: We observed 99 incident cases of myocarditis within 7 days (0.97 cases per 100 000 vaccine doses; observed v. expected ratio 14.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] 10.83-16.55) and 141 cases within 21 days (1.37 cases per 100 000 vaccine doses; observed v. expected ratio 7.03, 95% CI 5.92-8.29) postvaccination. Cases of myocarditis per 100 000 vaccine doses were higher for people aged 12-17 years (2.64, 95% CI 1.54-4.22) and 18-29 years (2.63, 95% CI 1.94-3.50) than for older age groups, for males compared with females (1.64, 95% CI 1.30-2.04 v. 0.35, 95% CI 0.21-0.55), for those receiving a second dose compared with a third dose (1.90, 95% CI 1.50-2.39 v. 0.76, 95% CI 0.45-1.30) and for those who received the mRNA-1273 (Moderna) vaccine compared with the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) vaccine (1.44, 95% CI 1.06-1.91 v. 0.74, 95% CI 0.56-0.98). The highest observed-to-expected ratio was seen after the second dose among males aged 18-29 years who received the mRNA-1273 vaccine (148.32, 95% CI 95.03-220.69). INTERPRETATION: Although absolute rates of myocarditis were low, vaccine type, age and sex are important factors to consider when strategizing vaccine administration to reduce the risk of postvaccination myocarditis. Our findings support the preferential use of the BNT162b2 vaccine over the mRNA-1273 vaccine for people aged 18-29 years.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Miocardite , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , SARS-CoV-2 , Miocardite/epidemiologia , Miocardite/etiologia , Vacina de mRNA-1273 contra 2019-nCoV , Vacina BNT162 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/efeitos adversos
8.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 159(9): 440-446, noviembre 2022. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-JHG-1062

RESUMO

El SARS-CoV-2 está causando actualmente una pandemia sostenida de COVID-19, con el riesgo de causar secuelas cardiacas a largo plazo en la población. El temor de que el SARS-CoV-2 cause un daño miocárdico mayor que otros virus convencionales se basa en su mecanismo de infección de células humanas a través del receptor de la enzima convertidora de la angiotensina 2 y las defensas antivirales innatas, hasta ahora reducidas contra un nuevo virus. El conocimiento de la aparición durante la infección aguda de otras afectaciones cardiacas, además de las clásicas miocarditis y pericarditis, las manifestaciones cardiacas observadas a largo plazo (COVID-19 persistente) y la incidencia incrementada de miocarditis y pericarditis tras la vacunación resulta de especial interés a fin de ofrecer a nuestros pacientes la mejor atención posible basada en la evidencia científica actual. (AU)


SARS-CoV-2 is currently causing a persistent COVID-19 pandemic, which poses a risk of causing long-term cardiovascular sequels in the population. The viral mechanism of cell infection through the angiotensin 2 converter enzyme receptor and the limited antiviral innate immune response are the suspected causes for a more frequent cardiovascular damage in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Knowledge of the appearance during acute infection of other cardiac conditions beyond the classical myocarditis and pericarditis, the long-term cardiac manifestations (persistent COVID-19), and the increased incidence of myocarditis and pericarditis after vaccination is of special interest in order to offer our patients best practices based on current scientific evidence. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Vírus da SARS , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/epidemiologia , Miocardite/etiologia , Pericardite , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias
14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 944013, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189247

RESUMO

Introduction: Immune therapy has ushered in a new era of tumor treatment, at the expense of immune-related adverse events, including rare but fatal adverse cardiovascular events, such as myocarditis. Steroids remain the cornerstone of therapy for immune-related myocarditis, with no clear consensus on additional immunosuppressive treatment for steroid-refractory cases yet. Case report: Here, we report a patient with stage IV nasopharyngeal carcinoma who developed immune-related myocarditis in the fourth course of therapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors. The patient presented with precordial discomfort with elevation of cardiac enzymes and interleukin-6, atypical electrocardiographic abnormalities, and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Coronary computed tomography angiography excluded the possibility of acute coronary syndrome. The therapy with tofacitinib targeting the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription signal pathway was successfully conducted, since there was no significant improvement in troponin under high-dose steroid and intravenous immunoglobulin treatment. The patient recovered without major adverse cardiac events during hospitalization. Discussion: The safety and efficacy of tofacitinib in a patient with steroid-refractory immune-related myocarditis were investigated, hoping to provide a basis for prospective therapeutic strategies. Tofacitinib led to remarkable remissions in primary autoimmune disease by blocking the inflammatory cascade, indicating its potential therapeutic use in immune-related adverse events.


Assuntos
Miocardite , Neoplasias , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas , Interleucina-6 , Janus Quinases , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/tratamento farmacológico , Miocardite/etiologia , Piperidinas , Pirimidinas , Esteroides , Volume Sistólico , Troponina , Função Ventricular Esquerda
15.
Science ; 378(6617): 234-235, 2022 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36264802
16.
Vaccine ; 40(45): 6481-6488, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Active monitoring of safety outcomes following COVID-19 vaccination is critical to understand vaccine safety and can provide early detection of rare outcomes not identified in pre-licensure trials. We present findings from an early warning rapid surveillance system in three large commercial insurance databases including more than 16 million vaccinated individuals. METHODS: We evaluated 17 outcomes of interest following COVID-19 vaccination among individuals aged 12-64 years in Optum, HealthCore, and CVS Health databases from December 11, 2020, through January 22, 2022, January 7, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively. We conducted biweekly or monthly sequential testing and generated rate ratios (RR) of observed outcome rates compared to historical (or expected) rates prior to COVID-19 vaccination. FINDINGS: Among 17 outcomes evaluated, 15 did not meet the threshold for statistical signal in any of the three databases. Myocarditis/pericarditis met the statistical threshold for a signal following BNT162b2 in two of three databases (RRs: 1.83-2.47). Anaphylaxis met the statistical threshold for a signal in all three databases following BNT162b2 vaccination (RRs: 4.48-10.86) and mRNA-1273 vaccination (RRs: 7.64-12.40). DISCUSSION: Consistent with published literature, our near-real time monitoring of 17 adverse outcomes following COVID-19 vaccinations identified signals for myocarditis/pericarditis and anaphylaxis following mRNA COVID-19 vaccinations. The method is intended for early detection of safety signals, and results do not imply a causal effect. Results of this study should be interpreted in the context of the method's utility and limitations, and the validity of detected signals must be evaluated in fully adjusted epidemiologic studies.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia , COVID-19 , Miocardite , Pericardite , Humanos , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Anafilaxia/etiologia , Miocardite/etiologia , Vacina BNT162 , Vacinação/efeitos adversos , Vacinação/métodos , Pericardite/etiologia , RNA Mensageiro
18.
Lancet Child Adolesc Health ; 6(11): 788-798, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on medium-term outcomes in indivduals with myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination are scarce. We aimed to assess clinical outcomes and quality of life at least 90 days since onset of myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination in adolescents and young adults. METHODS: In this follow-up surveillance study, we conducted surveys in US individuals aged 12-29 years with myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination, for whom a report had been filed to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System between Jan 12 and Nov 5, 2021. A two-component survey was administered, one component to patients (or parents or guardians) and one component to health-care providers, to assess patient outcomes at least 90 days since myocarditis onset. Data collected were recovery status, cardiac testing, and functional status, and EuroQol health-related quality-of-life measures (dichotomised as no problems or any problems), and a weighted quality-of-life measure, ranging from 0 to 1 (full health). The EuroQol results were compared with published results in US populations (aged 18-24 years) from before and early on in the COVID-19 pandemic. FINDINGS: Between Aug 24, 2021, and Jan 12, 2022, we collected data for 519 (62%) of 836 eligible patients who were at least 90 days post-myocarditis onset: 126 patients via patient survey only, 162 patients via health-care provider survey only, and 231 patients via both surveys. Median patient age was 17 years (IQR 15-22); 457 (88%) patients were male and 61 (12%) were female. 320 (81%) of 393 patients with a health-care provider assessment were considered recovered from myocarditis by their health-care provider, although at the last health-care provider follow-up, 104 (26%) of 393 patients were prescribed daily medication related to myocarditis. Of 249 individuals who completed the quality-of-life portion of the patient survey, four (2%) reported problems with self-care, 13 (5%) with mobility, 49 (20%) with performing usual activities, 74 (30%) with pain, and 114 (46%) with depression. Mean weighted quality-of-life measure (0·91 [SD 0·13]) was similar to a pre-pandemic US population value (0·92 [0·13]) and significantly higher than an early pandemic US population value (0·75 [0·28]; p<0·0001). Most patients had improvements in cardiac diagnostic marker and testing data at follow-up, including normal or back-to-baseline troponin concentrations (181 [91%] of 200 patients with available data), echocardiograms (262 [94%] of 279 patients), electrocardiograms (240 [77%] of 311 patients), exercise stress testing (94 [90%] of 104 patients), and ambulatory rhythm monitoring (86 [90%] of 96 patients). An abnormality was noted among 81 (54%) of 151 patients with follow-up cardiac MRI; however, evidence of myocarditis suggested by the presence of both late gadolinium enhancement and oedema on cardiac MRI was uncommon (20 [13%] of 151 patients). At follow-up, most patients were cleared for all physical activity (268 [68%] of 393 patients). INTERPRETATION: After at least 90 days since onset of myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination, most individuals in our cohort were considered recovered by health-care providers, and quality of life measures were comparable to those in pre-pandemic and early pandemic populations of a similar age. These findings might not be generalisable given the small sample size and further follow-up is needed for the subset of patients with atypical test results or not considered recovered. FUNDING: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Miocardite , Adolescente , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gadolínio , Humanos , Masculino , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/epidemiologia , Miocardite/etiologia , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida , RNA Mensageiro , Troponina , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Vacinação , Adulto Jovem
20.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(12): 2508-2512, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179413

RESUMO

We report 2 immunocompetent and otherwise healthy adults in the United States who had monkeypox and required hospitalization for viral myocarditis. Both patients were unvaccinated against orthopoxviruses. They had shortness of breath or chest pain and elevated cardiac biomarkers. No immediate complications were observed. They were discharged home after symptoms resolved.


Assuntos
Varíola dos Macacos , Miocardite , Adulto , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Vírus da Varíola dos Macacos , Varíola dos Macacos/diagnóstico , Varíola dos Macacos/epidemiologia , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/etiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...