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1.
Dokl Biochem Biophys ; 486(1): 213-215, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367824

RESUMO

The functioning of NAD(P)H:FMN­oxidoreductase (Red) from Vibrio fischeri under conditions of macromolecular crowding (MMC) simulated in vitro by adding biopolymers (starch and gelatin) was studied. The dissociation rate constants and the activation energies of dissociation of Red to the subunits were calculated, and the process of denaturation of Red was analyzed. It is shown that the functioning of Red both under conditions of MMC and in diluted solutions is the same. This result refutes the common belief that the native conformation of enzymes in vivo is stabilized due to MMC as compared to the in vitro conditions.


Assuntos
FMN Redutase/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , NADP/metabolismo , Aliivibrio fischeri/enzimologia
2.
J Chem Phys ; 151(4): 044111, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370551

RESUMO

Coarse-grained (CG) protein models in the structural biology literature have improved over the years from being simple tools to understand general folding and aggregation driving forces to capturing detailed structures achieved by actual folding sequences. Here, we ask whether such models can be developed systematically from recent advances in bottom-up coarse-graining methods without relying on bioinformatic data (e.g., protein data bank statistics). We use relative entropy coarse-graining to develop a hybrid CG but Go¯-like CG peptide model, hypothesizing that the landscape of proteinlike folds is encoded by the backbone interactions, while the sidechain interactions define which of these structures globally minimizes the free energy in a unique native fold. To construct a model capable of capturing varied secondary structures, we use a new extended ensemble relative entropy method to coarse-grain based on multiple reference atomistic simulations of short polypeptides with varied α and ß character. Subsequently, we assess the CG model as a putative protein backbone forcefield by combining it with sidechain interactions based on native contacts but not incorporating native distances explicitly, unlike standard Go¯ models. We test the model's ability to fold a range of proteins and find that it achieves high accuracy (∼2 Å root mean square deviation resolution for both short sequences and large globular proteins), suggesting the strong role that backbone conformational preferences play in defining the fold landscape. This model can be systematically extended to non-natural amino acids and nonprotein polymers and sets the stage for extensions to non-Go¯ models with sequence-specific sidechain interactions.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Grãos/química , Modelos Moleculares
3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(32): 17893-17900, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380529

RESUMO

The dispersion interaction was reported to play a critical role in the stabilization of model dipeptide Z-Arg-OH, even greater than the conventional hydrogen bond (HB), which is opposite to the traditional opinion. Here the conformation of Z-Arg-OH has been systematically searched by the effective fragment based step-by-step strategy. All the newly-found low-energy conformers determined at the advanced DSD-PBEP86-D3(BJ)/aug-cc-pVTZ level are clearly in the stretched form with strong conventional HBs, rather than the reported folded structures with emphasis on the dispersion interactions. The simulated IR spectra of the stretched conformers fit better than those of the folded ones compared with the previous experimental observations. Near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure (NEXAFS) spectra and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) at C, N and O K-edges have also been simulated to unambiguously identify different isomers. This work thus provides valuable insight into the competitions between the conventional HB and the dispersion interactions and demonstrates that the conventional hydrogen bonding is still more important for such small peptides.


Assuntos
Arginina/análogos & derivados , Arginina/química , Dipeptídeos/química , Modelos Moleculares , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Isomerismo , Fenômenos Físicos , Conformação Proteica , Estabilidade Proteica , Solventes/química , Termodinâmica
4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(32): 17971-17977, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384846

RESUMO

The electron-hole injection from a family of spiropyran photoswitches into A/T-duplex DNA has been investigated at the molecular level for the first time. Multiscale computations coupled with automatized quantitative wavefunction analysis reveal a pronounced directionality and regioselectivity towards the template strand of the duplex DNA. Our findings suggest that this directional and regioselective photoinduced electron-hole transfer could thus be exploited to tailor the charge transport processes in DNA in specific applications.


Assuntos
Benzopiranos/química , DNA/química , Indóis/química , Substâncias Intercalantes/química , Nitrocompostos/química , Transporte de Elétrons , Luz , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Oxirredução , Processos Fotoquímicos , Prótons , Termodinâmica
5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(32): 17950-17958, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384849

RESUMO

The A. aeolicus intrinsically disordered protein FlgM has four well-defined α-helices when bound to σ28, but in water FlgM undergoes a change in tertiary structure. In this work, we investigate the structure of FlgM in aqueous solutions of the ionic liquid [C4mpy][Tf2N]. We find that FlgM is induced to fold by the addition of the ionic liquid, achieving average α-helicity values similar to the bound state. Analysis of secondary structure reveals significant similarity with the bound state, but the tertiary structure is found to be more compact. Interestingly, the ionic liquid is not homogeneously dispersed in the water, but instead aggregates near the protein. Separate simulations of aqueous ionic liquid do not show ion clustering, which suggests that FlgM stabilizes ionic liquid aggregation.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Imidas/química , Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas/química , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Modelos Moleculares , Pirrolidinas/química , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Dobramento de Proteína , Termodinâmica , Água
6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(69): 10192-10213, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411602

RESUMO

Light is unsurpassed in its ability to modulate biological interactions. Since their discovery, chemists have been fascinated by photosensitive molecules capable of switching between isomeric forms, known as photoswitches. Photoswitchable peptides have been recognized for many years; however, their functional implementation in biological systems has only recently been achieved. Peptides are now acknowledged as excellent protein-protein interaction modulators and have been important in the emergence of photopharmacology. In this review, we briefly explain the different classes of photoswitches and summarize structural studies when they are incorporated into peptides. Importantly, we provide a detailed overview of the rapidly increasing number of examples, where biological modulation is driven by the structural changes. Furthermore, we discuss some of the remaining challenges faced in this field. These exciting proof-of-principle studies highlight the tremendous potential of photocontrollable peptides as optochemical tools for chemical biology and biomedicine.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Humanos , Isomerismo , Luz , Modelos Moleculares , Ácidos Nucleicos/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Processos Fotoquímicos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(33): 18105-18118, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396604

RESUMO

With the emergence of drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum, the treatment of malaria has become a significant challenge; therefore, the development of antimalarial drugs acting on new targets is extremely urgent. In Plasmodium falciparum, type II nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) dehydrogenase (NDH-2) is responsible for catalyzing the transfer of two electrons from NADH to flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), which in turn transfers the electrons to coenzyme Q (CoQ). As an entry enzyme for oxidative phosphorylation, NDH-2 has become one of the popular targets for the development of new antimalarial drugs. In this study, reliable motion trajectories of the NDH-2 complex with its co-factors (NADH and FAD) and inhibitor, RYL-552, were obtained by comparative molecular dynamics simulations. The influence of cofactor binding on the global motion of NDH-2 was explored through conformational clustering, principal component analysis and free energy landscape. The molecular interactions of NDH-2 before and after its binding with the inhibitor RYL-552 were analyzed, and the key residues and important hydrogen bonds were also determined. The results show that the association of RYL-552 results in the weakening of intramolecular hydrogen bonds and large allosterism of NDH-2. There was a significant positive correlation between the angular change of the key pocket residues in the NADH-FAD-pockets that represents the global functional motion and the change in distance between NADH-C4 and FAD-N5 that represents the electron transfer efficiency. Finally, the possible non-competitive inhibitory mechanism of RYL-552 was proposed. Specifically, the association of inhibitors with NDH-2 significantly affects the global motion mode of NDH-2, leading to widening of the distance between NADH and FAD through cooperative motion induction; this reduces the electron transfer efficiency of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The simulation results provide useful theoretical guidance for subsequent antimalarial drug design based on the NDH-2 structure and the respiratory chain electron transfer mechanism.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos/química , Cetonas/química , NADH Desidrogenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Plasmodium falciparum/enzimologia , Proteínas de Protozoários/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Protozoários/química , Quinolinas/química , Transporte de Elétrons , Flavina-Adenina Dinucleotídeo/química , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , NAD/química , NADH Desidrogenase/química , Oxirredução , Ligação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Termodinâmica
8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(28): 15805-15814, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282513

RESUMO

Electron transfer is the most fundamental reaction in chemistry, yet its exact mechanistic details are often complex. Laccases are important electron-transfer enzymes of substantial utility in bleaching, bioremediation, catalytic synthesis, and enzymatic fuel cells. These multi-copper oxidases catalyze the one-electron oxidation of substrates by outer-sphere electron transfer to a copper T1 site, and subsequent intramolecular electron transfer to a tri-nuclear copper site where O2 is reduced to water. Understanding the molecular mechanism of the first, supposedly rate-determining pure electron transfer step is of major fundamental and technological interest. It is widely thought that the difference in the half potentials of the substrate and the T1 copper enables the powerful electron abstraction from nearby substrates. However, the reorganization energy during electron transfer could also contribute to catalytic turnover. To explore this, we computed the self-exchange reorganization energies of 54 substrates with experimentally known activity or kcat data using density functional theory. We show that the energy costs of changing the substrate geometries during electron removal correlate significantly with experimental activity data with a physically meaningful direction of correlation. This means that substrate electronic reorganization, rather than only potential differences, plays a role in the activity of electron transfer proteins such as laccases. This finding is consistent with the Marcus theory and suggests that the first electron transfer step from substrate to T1 is rate-determining in the real enzymes; the electronic reorganization energies can rationalize "good" vs. "bad" laccase substrates, which has not previously been possible.


Assuntos
Lacase/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Transporte de Elétrons , Metabolismo Energético , Oxirredução
9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(28): 7793-7809, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274315

RESUMO

Indoxacarb, a commercialized oxadiazine insecticide, nearly irreversibly blocks open/inactivated, but not resting sodium channels. The structure-activity relationships showed that the substituents at the position of the chiral atom in the oxadiazine ring are very important to the biological activity of oxadiazine insecticide. Here we synthesized a series of tricyclic oxadiazine 4a-methyl ester derivatives. The chiral atom in the oxadiazine ring has been epimerized and substituted with either pyrethric acid or cinnamic acid derivatives. Benzene ring in the tricyclic moiety was substituted with a chlorine, fluorine, or bromine atom, and nitrogen-linked benzene ring was substituted with a trifluoromethyl or trifluoromethoxy group. Toxicity of these compounds against Spodoptera litura F. was evaluated. Diastereoisomers of most toxic compounds J7 and J9 with pyrethric acid moiety were separated by flash column chromatography. The more polar diastereoisomers, J7-L-Rf and J9-L-Rf, and compounds J24 and J26 with cinnamic acid moiety exhibited highest insecticidal activities. We further used Monte Carlo energy minimizations to dock compound J7 and J24 in the NavMs-based homology model of the open cockroach sodium channel. In the low-energy binding modes, the compound interacted with residues in the inner pore and domain interfaces, which previously were proposed to contribute to receptors of pyrethroids and sodium channel blocker insecticides. Our results define compound J7 and J24 as a potentially useful optimized hit for the development of multiple sites sodium channel blocker or modulator.


Assuntos
Inseticidas/química , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Oxazinas/química , Oxazinas/toxicidade , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Sódio/química , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Sódio/toxicidade , Animais , Baratas/efeitos dos fármacos , Baratas/metabolismo , Descoberta de Drogas , Ésteres/química , Ésteres/farmacologia , Proteínas de Insetos/química , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Canais de Sódio/química , Canais de Sódio/metabolismo , Spodoptera/efeitos dos fármacos , Spodoptera/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(62): 9072-9075, 2019 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268098

RESUMO

We constructed GFP-encapsulated microtubules (MTs) using a Tau-derived peptide which binds to their interior. The encapsulation of the GFP dramatically increased the rigidity of MTs, resulting in their enhanced velocity on a kinesin-coated substrate. Moreover, the GFP-encapsulated MTs were significantly more stable than normal MTs.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/química , Microtúbulos/química , Peptídeos/química , Proteínas tau/química , Modelos Moleculares , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(62): 9108-9111, 2019 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298230

RESUMO

Inhibition of myostatin is an attractive treatment for muscular dystrophy and other amyotrophic diseases. A myostatin-binding peptide was functionalized by equipped with an on/off switchable photo-oxygenation catalyst. This peptide induces a selective oxygenation of myostatin under near-infrared light, resulting in inactivation of myostatin. This peptide shows several orders of magnitude greater inhibitory effect than the original peptide.


Assuntos
Miostatina/efeitos dos fármacos , Miostatina/efeitos da radiação , Oxigênio/química , Oxigênio/efeitos da radiação , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Processos Fotoquímicos/efeitos da radiação , Catálise/efeitos dos fármacos , Catálise/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Miostatina/metabolismo , Peptídeos/química
12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(62): 9112-9115, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298670

RESUMO

We designed novel 4'-C-guanidinocarbohydrazidomethyl-5-methyl uridine (GMU) modified small interfering RNA (siRNA) and evaluated its biophysical and biochemical properties. Incorporation of GMU units significantly increased the thermodynamic stability as well as the enzymatic stability against nucleases in human serum. A gene silencing experiment indicated that GMU modfied siRNA (siRNA6) resulted in ≈4.9-fold more efficient knockdown than unmodified siRNA.


Assuntos
Guanidina/química , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Guanidina/análogos & derivados , Modelos Moleculares , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Ribonucleases/sangue , Ribonucleases/metabolismo , Termodinâmica
13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(62): 9148-9151, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304493

RESUMO

Using superoxide reductase as a model system, a computational approach reveals how histidine tautomerism tunes the redox properties of metalloenzymes to enable their catalytic function. Inspired by these experimentally inaccessible insights, non-canonical histidine congeners are introduced as new versatile tools for the rational engineering of biological transition metal sites.


Assuntos
Oxirredutases/química , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Elementos de Transição/metabolismo , Biocatálise , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Oxirredução , Elementos de Transição/química
14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(29): 16017-16031, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304940

RESUMO

Enterobactin (Ent) is a typical siderophore with strong iron affinity. Its dynamics in its intact form and holo state remains to be studied to understand its role in the in vivo behavior of metal ions and to facilitate its potential application in drug design and environmental remediation. Here, we report molecular dynamics simulations of both Ent enantiomers and their complexes with key actinides (Am3+, Cm3+, Th4+, U4+, Np4+ and Pu4+) to study the folding equilibria of Ent enantiomers and their binding affinity with actinides. For comparison, the ferric cation was also considered. In their neutral state, both enantiomers may exist in their folded and extended states in the aqueous phase with the former more stable owing to the favorable cation-π, π-π, and H-bond interactions. A helicity preference was observed in the folded states of Ent enantiomers, which was solidified when binding with Fe3+ while disrupted when binding with actinides. Upon binding with metal ions, the dynamics of Ent enantiomers exhibited dependence on the metal ions, and appeared to be more flexible in An3+/4+-Ent complexes than in Fe3+-Ent complexes. The conformational analysis and the energy decomposition of M3+/4+-Ent complexes indicated that their distinct conformational variations and dynamic fluxionality are enthalpy driven behaviors and dependent on the nature of the loaded metal ions. The Fe3+-Ent complexes had a more compact conformation, while the relatively loosely bound An3+/4+-Ent complexes allowed solvent water molecules to access the first coordination shell of An3+/4+ and weaken the interaction between An3+/4+ and Ent. This work is expected to enrich our knowledge of the folding equilibria of Ent enantiomers and their An3+/4+-Ent complexes, and contribute to communities that concern the in vivo and in vitro behaviors of Ent enantiomers and actinides.


Assuntos
Elementos da Série Actinoide/química , Enterobactina/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estereoisomerismo , Termodinâmica
15.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(7): 1234-1246, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328480

RESUMO

1,3-1,4-ß-glucanase (E.C.3.2.1.73) is an important industrial enzyme which cleave ß-glucans into oligosaccharides through strictly cutting the ß-1,4 glycosidic bonds in 3-O-substituted glucopyranose units. Microbial 1,3-1,4-ß-glucanase belongs to retaining glycosyl hydrolases of family 16 with a jellyroll ß-sandwich fold structure. The present paper reviews the industrial application and protein engineering of microbial ß-glucanases in the last decades and forecasts the research prospects of microbial ß-glucanases.


Assuntos
Engenharia de Proteínas , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Glicosídeo Hidrolases , Modelos Moleculares , Especificidade por Substrato
16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2951, 2019 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273212

RESUMO

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an essential process both in physiological and pathological contexts. Intriguingly, EMT is often associated with tissue invagination during development; however, the impact of EMT on tissue remodeling remain unexplored. Here, we show that at the initiation of the EMT process, cells produce an apico-basal force, orthogonal to the surface of the epithelium, that constitutes an important driving force for tissue invagination in Drosophila. When EMT is ectopically induced, cells starting their delamination generate an orthogonal force and induce ectopic folding. Similarly, during mesoderm invagination, cells undergoing EMT generate an apico-basal force through the formation of apico-basal structures of myosin II. Using both laser microdissection and in silico physical modelling, we show that mesoderm invagination does not proceed if apico-basal forces are impaired, indicating that they constitute driving forces in the folding process. Altogether, these data reveal the mechanical impact of EMT on morphogenesis.


Assuntos
Drosophila melanogaster/embriologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Epitélio/embriologia , Morfogênese , Animais , Polaridade Celular , Simulação por Computador , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/citologia , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero/citologia , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Epitélio/metabolismo , Mesoderma/citologia , Mesoderma/embriologia , Mesoderma/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Miosina Tipo II/metabolismo
17.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(28): 5995-6002, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268326

RESUMO

High-resolution X-ray crystallography and two-dimensional NMR studies demonstrate that water-mediated conventional hydrogen-bonding interactions (N-H···N, O-H···N, etc.) bridging two or more amino acid residues contribute to the stability of proteins and protein-ligand complexes. In this work, we have investigated single water-mediated selenium hydrogen-bonding interactions (unconventional hydrogen-bonding) between amino acid residues in proteins through extensive protein data bank (PDB) analysis coupled with gas-phase spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculation of a model complex consisting of indole, dimethyl selenide, and water. Here, indole and dimethyl selenide represent the amino acid residues tryptophan and selenomethionine, respectively. The current investigation demonstrates that the most stable structure of the model complex observed in the IR spectroscopy mimics single water-mediated selenium hydrogen-bonded structural motifs present in the crystal structures of proteins. The present work establishes that water-mediated Se hydrogen-bonding interactions are ubiquitous in proteins and the number of these interactions observed in the PDB is more than that of direct Se hydrogen-bonds present there.


Assuntos
Proteínas/química , Selênio/química , Água/química , Biologia Computacional , Cristalografia por Raios X , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Indóis/química , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Compostos Organosselênicos/química , Teoria Quântica , Selenometionina/química , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho , Triptofano/química
18.
Inorg Chem ; 58(15): 9672-9690, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282663

RESUMO

We have studied the geometry and electronic structure of the P-cluster in nitrogenase in four oxidation states: PN, P1+, P2+, and P3+. We have employed combined quantum mechanical and molecular mechanical (QM/MM) calculations, using two different density-functional theory methods, TPSS and B3LYP. The calculations confirm that the side chain of Ser-188 is most likely deprotonated in the partly oxidized P1+ state, thereby forming a bond to Fe6. Likewise, the backbone amide group of Cys-88 is deprotonated in the doubly oxidized P2+ state, forming a bond to Fe5. The calculations also confirm the two conformations of the P-cluster in the atomic-resolution crystal structure of the enzyme, representing the PN and P2+ states, but show that the finer differences between the two structures are not fully reflected in the crystal structure, because the coordinates of only two atoms differ between the two conformations. However, the recent crystal structure of the P1+ state seems to be of lower quality with many dubious Fe-Fe and Fe-S distances. Quantum refinement of this structure indicates that it is a mixture of the P1+ and P2+ states but confirms that the side chain of Ser-188 is most likely deprotonated in both states. TPSS gives structures that are appreciably closer to the crystal structures than does B3LYP. In addition, we have studied all 16-48 possible broken-symmetry states of the four oxidation states of the P-cluster with DFT in the one or two observed spin states. For the reduced PN state, we can settle the most likely state from the calculated energies and geometries. However, for the more oxidized states there are large differences in the predictions obtained with the two DFT methods.


Assuntos
Nitrogenase/química , Teoria Quântica , Elétrons , Modelos Moleculares , Nitrogenase/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Conformação Proteica
19.
Inorg Chem ; 58(15): 10129-10138, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310108

RESUMO

A series of 16 "3 + 2" mixed-ligand complexes of the general composition [ReO(L1)(L2)] (H2L1a-H2L1d = tridentate thiosemicarbazones having a phenyl group with 4-H, 4-F, 3,5-di-F, and 4-CF3 substituents; HL2a-HL2d = bidentate N,N-diethyl-N'-benzoylthioureas with 4-H, 4-F, 3,5-di-F, and 4-CF3 substituents at the benzoyl groups) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods and X-ray diffraction. Irrespective of the individual fluorine substitution, the complexes are stable and possess the same general structure. Some systematic electronic effects of the fluorine-substitution patterns of the ligands have been found on the 13C NMR chemical shifts of the N-C═N carbon atoms of the {L1}2- and the C═O carbon atoms of the {L2}- ligands. Antiparasitic properties of the rhenium complexes have been tested against epimastigotes and trypomastigotes forms of two Trypanosoma cruzi strains and the amastigotes form of one of them. The results of this study indicate that the activity of the rhenium complexes can clearly be modulated by fluorine substitution of their ligands. Some of the fluorinated compounds show a high activity against epimastigotes and trypomastigotes forms of the parasites. Reactions between (NBu4)[TcOCl4] and two representatives of the fluorinated ligands (H2L1b, 4-F-substituted, and H2L1c, 4-CF3-substituted) form stable complexes of the composition [TcOCl(L1b)] and [TcOCl(L1c)]. Subsequent reactions of these products with HL2b (4-F-substituted) give the corresponding [TcO(L1)(L2)] mixed-ligand complexes. Also, the technetium compounds are stable as solids and in solutions and have structures corresponding to those of their rhenium analogues.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Halogenação , Rênio/farmacologia , Tiossemicarbazonas/farmacologia , Tioureia/farmacologia , Tripanossomicidas/farmacologia , Trypanosoma cruzi/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Haplorrinos , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Testes de Sensibilidade Parasitária , Rênio/química , Tiossemicarbazonas/química , Tioureia/química , Tripanossomicidas/síntese química , Tripanossomicidas/química
20.
Inorg Chem ; 58(15): 9773-9784, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318533

RESUMO

In recent years, transition metal complexes have been developed for catalytical degradation of a phosphate ester bond, particularly in RNA and DNA; however, less consideration has been given for development of complexes for the degradation of a phosphorothioate bond, as they are the foremost used pesticides in the environment and are toxic to human beings. In this context, we have developed copper complexes of benzimidazolium based ligands for catalytical degradation of a series of organophosphates (parathion, paraoxon, methyl-parathion) at ambient conditions. The copper complexes (assigned as N1-N3) were characterized using single X-ray crystallography which revealed that all three complexes are mononuclear and distorted square planner in geometry. Further, the solution state studies of the prepared complexes were carried out using UV-visible absorption, fluorescence spectroscopy, and cyclic voltametry. The complexes N1 and N2 have benzimidazolium ionic liquid as base attached with two 2-mercapto-benzimidazole pods, whereas complex N3 contains a nonionic ligand. The synthesized copper complexes were evaluated for their catalytic activity for degradation of organophosphates. It is interesting that the complex containing the ionic ligand efficiently degrades phosphorothioate pesticides, whereas complex N3 was not found to be appropriate for degradation due to a weaker conversion rate. The organophosphate degradation studies were monitored by recording absorbance spectra of parathion in the presence of catalyst, i.e., copper complexes with respect to time. The parathion was hydrolyzed into para-nitrophenol and diethyl thiophosphate. Moreover, to analyze the inhibition activity of the pesticides toward acetylcholine esterase enzyme in the presence of prepared metal complexes, Ellman's assay was performed and revealed that, within 20 min, the inhibition of acetylcholine esterase enzyme decreases by up to 13%.


Assuntos
Acetilcolina/metabolismo , Esterases/metabolismo , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Praguicidas/química , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Fosfatos/química , Acetilcolina/análise , Benzimidazóis/química , Catálise , Cobre/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Esterases/análise , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/síntese química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Fosfatos/toxicidade
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