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1.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 139-144, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724435

RESUMO

A series of naphthalene-chalcone derivatives (3a-3t) were prepared and evaluated as tubulin polymerisation inhibitor for the treatment of breast cancer. All compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against MCF-7 cell line. The most of compounds displayed potent antiproliferative activity. Among them, compound 3a displayed the most potent antiproliferative activity with an IC50 value of 1.42 ± 0.15 µM, as compared to cisplatin (IC50 = 15.24 ± 1.27 µM). Additionally, the promising compound 3a demonstrated relatively lower cytotoxicity on normal cell line (HEK293) compared to tumour cell line. Furthermore, compound 3a was found to induce significant cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and cell apoptosis. Compound 3a displayed potent tubulin polymerisation inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 8.4 µM, which was slightly more active than the reference compound colchicine (IC50 = 10.6 µM). Molecular docking analysis suggested that 3a interact and bind at the colchicine binding site of the tubulin.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Chalconas/farmacologia , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Chalconas/química , Colchicina/antagonistas & inibidores , Colchicina/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Naftalenos/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
2.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111697, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536891

RESUMO

A series of cis restricted 1,2,4-triazole analogs of combretastatin A-4 (CA-4) were designed and synthesized. The antiproliferative activity of these compounds was measured on hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2, leukemia HL-60, and breast cancer MCF-7 cell lines. The obtained results showed a substantial ability of the synthesized anilides to inhibit tumor growth. On HepG2 cells, 5o and 5r showed potent IC50 values of 0.10 and 0.04 µM, respectively. While on HL-60 cells, the IC50 values were 0.004 and 0.01 µM for 5b and 5i, respectively. The inhibitory activity of tubulin polymerization was evaluated on HepG2 cells. The anilide 5r showed a remarkable tubulin inhibition compared to CA-4. Moreover, flow cytometry studies showed that HepG2 cells treated with the most potent compounds 5b and 5r were arrested in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. This effect was accompanied by cellular apoptosis and activation of caspase-3. Molecular modeling showed several hydrogen bonding and van der Waals interactions with several important amino acids inside the colchicine binding site of tubulin.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Triazóis/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Estilbenos/síntese química , Estilbenos/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazóis/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
3.
Eur J Med Chem ; 182: 111670, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499359

RESUMO

A series of novel structurally-related tubulin polymerization inhibitors based on benzodiazepine were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for anticancer activity. Extensive structure modifications were performed to investigate the detailed structure and activity relationships (SARs). Most compounds exhibited potent antiproliferative activity against a panel of cancer cell lines. Among these compounds, the optimal compound, 9a, possessed the most superior activity, including cytotoxicity against five cancer cell lines (IC50 = 6-15 nM) and inhibition of tubulin polymerization (IC50 = 1.65 ±â€¯0.11 µM). Mechanistic studies revealed that 9a could disrupt intracellular microtubule organization, arrest cell cycle at the G2/M phase and eventually induce cell apoptosis. Compound 9a exhibited good metabolic stability with a t1/2 of 161.2 min, which was much better than the reference compound CA-4. Moreover, the disodium salt of 9a, 9a-P, exhibited excellent in vivo antitumor activity in xenograft mice model with inhibitory rate of 89.3%, which was better than the reference compounds CA-4P (inhibitory rate: 52.8%) and Y-01P (inhibitory rate: 77.7%). Altogether, 9a could serve as a promising lead compound for the development of highly efficient anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzodiazepinas/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzodiazepinas/química , Benzodiazepinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Polimerização/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/metabolismo
4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 181: 111577, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400707

RESUMO

A series of 3-(3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl)-4-substituted 1H-pyrazole and their related 3-aryl-4-(3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl)-1-H-pyrazole regioisomeric derivatives, prepared as cis-rigidified combretastatin A-4 (CA-4) analogues, were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative against six different cancer cell lines and, for selected highly active compounds, inhibitory effects on tubulin polymerization, cell cycle effects and in vivo potency. We retained the 3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl moiety as ring A throughout the present investigation, and a structure-activity relationship (SAR) information was obtained by adding electron-withdrawing (OCF3, CF3) or electron-releasing (alkyl and alkoxy) groups on the second aryl ring, corresponding to the B-ring of CA-4, either at the 3- or 4-position of the pyrazole nucleus. In addition, the B-ring was replaced with a benzo[b]thien-2-yl moiety. For many of the compounds, their activity was greater than, or comparable with, that of CA-4. Maximal activity was observed with the two regioisomeric derivatives characterized by the presence of a 4-ethoxyphenyl and a 3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl group at the C-3 and C-4 positions, and vice versa, of the 1H-pyrazole ring. The data showed that the 3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl moiety can be moved from the 3- to the 4-position of the 1H-pyrazole ring without significantly affecting antiproliferative activity. The most active derivatives bound to the colchicine site of tubulin and inhibited tubulin polymerization at submicromolar concentrations. In vivo experiments, on an orthotopic murine mammary tumor, revealed that 4c inhibited tumor growth even at low concentrations (5 mg/kg) compared to CA-4P (30 mg/kg).


Assuntos
Bibenzilas/química , Bibenzilas/farmacologia , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Bibenzilas/síntese química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desenho de Drogas , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Pirazóis/síntese química , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 181: 111583, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400710

RESUMO

3-(Alkyl(dialkyl)amino)benzothieno[2,3-f]quinazolin-1(2H)-ones (4-9) have been designed using Ellipticine structure as a model, replacing the carbazole core and the pyridine ring with a dibenzothiophene and a pyrimidine moiety, respectively. New benzothienoquinazolinones (4-9) have been synthesized by a simple one-pot reaction employing 3-aminodibenzothiophene as starting material. The benzothienoquinazolinones obtained (4-9), were evaluated for their anticancer activity against two breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7. The results revealed that compounds 4 and 7 presented a good antitumor activity toward the triple negative MDA-MB-231, without cytotoxicity against non-tumoral cells. Furthermore, the compounds 4 and 7 can be considered important molecular multi-target tools for their dual inhibition of different cellular proteins, i.e. Tubulin and human Topoisomerase I, involved in relevant cellular processes, as predicted by in silico studies and demonstrated by in vitro assays (for compound 4).


Assuntos
DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/metabolismo , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desenho de Drogas , Feminino , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Quinazolinonas/química , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Tiofenos/química , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 181: 111584, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419740

RESUMO

Developing new therapeutic strategies to overcome drug resistance of cancer cells is an ongoing endeavor. From among 2 million chemicals, we identified ethyl 4-oxo-2-phenyl-1,4-dihydroquinoline-6-carboxylate (AS1712) as a low-toxicity inhibitor of lung cancer cell proliferation and xenograft tumor growth. We show that AS1712 is active against broad cancer cell lines and is able to bind in the colchicine-binding pocket of ß-tubulin, thereby inhibiting microtubule assembly and, consequently, inducing mitotic arrest and apoptosis. Our cell-based structure-activity relationship study identified a new lead compound, RJ-LC-15-8, which had a greater anti-proliferative potency for H1975 cells than did AS1712, while maintaining a similar mechanism of action. Notably, AS1712 and RJ-LC-15-8 overcame P-glycoprotein efflux pump and ß-tubulin alterations that lead to acquired resistance against microtubule-targeting drugs of cancer cells. AS1712 and RJ-LC-15-8 may be lead compounds that overcome acquired resistance to microtubule-targeting agents of cancer cells.


Assuntos
Quinolonas/química , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colchicina/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Tubulina (Proteína)/química
7.
Expert Opin Ther Pat ; 29(9): 703-731, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369715

RESUMO

Introduction: Combretastatins represent a potent class of phenolic-stilbene natural products that function as colchicine binding site inhibitors of tubulin polymerization and have been advanced as promising anticancer lead compounds. Among them, combretastatin A-4 is the most potent lead molecule due to its broad spectrum cytotoxicity against a variety of tumors. However, low water solubility due to its high lipophilic nature and inter-conversion of olefinic double bond from more active cis to less active trans-conformation poses limitations to its clinical utility. However, different approaches including prodrugs, salt formations, structural modifications, prevention of inter-conversion of the olefinic bond and changes to the substitution pattern on the rings of combretastatin A-4 were investigated and successfully resulted in different combretastatin-based molecules that demonstrated varying levels of potency against different types of tumors during their in-vitro and in-vivo studies. Areas covered: This review covers the patents over a period of 2008-2018. Expert opinion: Molecular hybridization and prodrug designing imparted multi-targeted actions to combretastatin derivatives. Currently, various combretastatin derivatives are under clinical trials. These derivatives could be used to treat disorders other than cancer, due to their vascular disrupting action.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Bibenzilas/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Bibenzilas/química , Desenho de Drogas , Humanos , Patentes como Assunto , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia
8.
Expert Opin Ther Pat ; 29(8): 623-641, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353978

RESUMO

Introduction: About 20 patents have been published from 2013 to 2018 for developing advanced cancer therapeutics by targeting tubulin polymerization. Currently, there are several tubulin inhibitors that are in the drug development pipeline for various cancers alone or in combination including antibody-conjugated drugs (ACDs). Areas covered: Important patents focusing on the development of tubulin inhibitors published from 2013 to 2018 are covered. This review mainly focuses on the tubulin inhibitors that are being synthesized and studied in cancer research along with their structures and their phases of development in preclinical and clinical research. Expert opinion: Regulation of microtubules is important for cell division, cell motility, intracellular transport, and cell shape maintenance. Modulating its activity proved to be very effective in various diseases including different types of cancers. Microtubules are composed of two units, namely, alpha and beta-tubulin, and modifications at these ends affect both its functions and dynamics. A number of compounds that have been designed and synthesized bearing various heterocyclic scaffolds have been proven to modulate its activity and have emerged as potent tubulin inhibitors. This encourages more to study microtubules in order to find a variety of novel, potent compounds as anticancer drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Desenho de Drogas , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Microtúbulos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Patentes como Assunto , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tubulina (Proteína)/efeitos dos fármacos , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 177: 448-456, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174062

RESUMO

The colchicine site inhibitors (CSIs) showed promising prospects as antitumor agents due to their vascular disrupting activities besides antimitotic activities. 1-Phenyl-dihydrobenzoindazole was found as a novel scaffold of CSI without the cis-trans isomerization problem. The X-ray co-crystal structure of the lead compound with tubulin was determined, which revealed the binding mode including special water-bridged hydrogen bonds. The structure also provided guidance for the structural optimization of this type of CSI, which led to the discovery of the most potent inhibitor A3, with growth IC50 lower than 1 nM against human colon cancer cell lines and tubulin polymerization IC50 of 1.6 µM. In addition, its water-soluble prodrug B1 showed good in vivo antitumor activity on two human colon cancer xenograft nude mice models, encouraging further study of this type of antitumor compound.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Indazóis/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Feminino , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Indazóis/síntese química , Indazóis/química , Indazóis/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/metabolismo , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Solubilidade , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
10.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 297-314, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195171

RESUMO

A small number of fluorinated 7-phenyl-pyrroloquinolinone (7-PPyQ) derivatives was synthesized in an attempt to improve the metabolic stability of 3N-ethyl-7-PPyQ and 3N-benzoyl-7-PPyQ. The possible impacts of the fluorine-hydrogen isosterism on both biological activity and metabolic stability were evaluated. Introduction of a fluorine atom in the 2 or 3 position of the 7-phenyl ring yielded the 7-PPyQ derivatives 12, 13 and 15, which showed potent cytotoxicity (low micromolar and sub-nanomolar GI50s) both in human leukemic and solid tumor cell lines. None of them induced significant cell death in quiescent and proliferating human lymphocytes. Moreover, 12, 13 and 15 exhibited remarkable cytotoxic activity in the multidrug-resistant cell line CEMVbl100, suggesting that they are not substrates for P-glycoprotein. All compounds inhibited tubulin assembly and the binding of [3H]colchicine to tubulin, with the best activity occurring with compound 15. Mechanistic studies carried out on compound 12 indicated that it caused (a) a strong G2/M arrest; (b) apoptosis in a time- and concentration-dependent manner; (c) a significant production of ROS (in good agreement with the observed mitochondrial depolarization); (d) caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase activation; and (e) a decrease in the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins. In vivo experiments in a murine syngeneic tumor model demonstrated that compounds 12 and 15 significantly reduced tumor mass at doses four times lower than that required for the reference compound combretastatin A-4 phosphate. Neither monofluorination of the 7-phenyl ring of 3N-ethyl-7-PPyQ nor replacement of the benzoyl function of 3N-benzoyl-7-PPyQ with a 2-fluorobenzoyl moiety led to any improvement in the metabolic stability.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Flúor/farmacologia , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Flúor/química , Humanos , Microssomos Hepáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Quinolonas/química , Quinolonas/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/metabolismo
11.
Molecules ; 24(12)2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197105

RESUMO

Molecular hybridization has proven to be a successful multi-target strategy in the design and development of new antitumor agents. Based on this rational approach, we have planned hybrid molecules containing covalently linked pharmacophoric units, present individually in compounds acting as inhibitors of the cancer protein targets tubulin, human topoisomerase II and ROCK1. Seven new molecules, selected by docking calculation of the complexes with each of the proteins taken into consideration, have been efficiently synthesized starting from 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphtoquinone or 6,7-dichloro-5,8-quinolinquinone. By screening the full National Cancer Institute (NCI) panel, including 60 human cancer cell lines, four molecules displayed good and sometimes better growth inhibition GI50 than the ROCK inhibitor Y-27632, the Topo II inhibitor podophyllotoxin and the tubulin inhibitor combretastatin A-4. The relative position of N,N heteroatoms in the structures of the tested compounds was crucial in affecting bioactivity and selectivity. Furthermore, compound 3 (2-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl)-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenoxy)naphthalene-1,4-dione) emerged as the most active in the series, showing a potent and selective inhibition of breast cancer BT-549 cells (GI50 < 10 nM).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Amidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/química , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/genética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Naftoquinonas/síntese química , Naftoquinonas/química , Neoplasias/genética , Podofilotoxina/farmacologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Quinolinas/síntese química , Quinolinas/química , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/síntese química , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/química , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Quinases Associadas a rho/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinases Associadas a rho/química , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética
12.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(25): 6201-6214, 2019 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31179474

RESUMO

We have recently reported computational models for prediction of cell-based anticancer activity using machine learning methods. Herein, we have developed an integrated strategy to discover new anticancer agents using a cascade of the established screening models. Application of this strategy identified 17 compounds with antitumor activity. Among these compounds, h2 (containing a pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-6-one scaffold) exhibited anticancer activity against six tumor cell lines, including MDA-MB-231, HeLa, MCF-7, HepG2, CNE2 and HCT116, with IC50 values of 13.37, 13.04, 15.45, 7.05, 9.30 and 8.93 µM. Subsequently, a total of 61 h2 analogues were obtained by similarity searching and tested for their anticancer activities. I2 was identified as a novel anticancer agent having activity against MDA-MB-231, HeLa, MCF-7, HepG2, CNE2 and HCT116 tumor cell lines with IC50 values of 3.30, 5.04, 5.08, 3.71, 2.99 and 5.72 µM. I2 also showed potent cytotoxicity against adriamycin-resistant human breast and hepatocarcinoma cells. Further investigation revealed that I2 inhibited the microtubule polymerization by binding to the colchicine site, resulting in inhibition of cell migration, cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase and apoptosis of cancer cells. Finally, molecular docking and molecular dynamics provided insights into the binding interactions of I2 with tubulin. This study identified I2 as a novel starting point for further development of anticancer agents that target tubulin.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Piridonas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sítios de Ligação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Descoberta de Drogas , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Pirazóis/química , Piridonas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia
13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 177-194, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185410

RESUMO

Microtubule is one of the important targets for cancer treatment. A novel class of diaryl substituted imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-2-ones and imidazo[4,5-c]pyridines were designed based on combination principles by merging the structures of ß-lactams and purine-type compounds known as tubulin polymerization inhibitor and katanin activity up-regulator, respectively. Their antitumor activities were evaluated in vitro and the mechanism was elucidated, leading to the identification of 1,6-diaryl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-2(3H)-one 20b as the first bifunctional agent that can target both tubulin and katanin simultaneously. The in vivo assays verified that compound 20b significantly inhibited xenograft tumor growth with good pharmacokinetic characteristics, demonstrating a promising potential for further development into anti-tumor drug candidates with a unique mechanism of dual-targeting microtubule.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Katanina/antagonistas & inibidores , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Moduladores de Tubulina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Endometrioide/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenho de Drogas , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Imidazóis/química , Imidazóis/farmacocinética , Katanina/metabolismo , Ligantes , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Piridinas/síntese química , Piridinas/química , Piridinas/farmacocinética , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacocinética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
14.
Comput Biol Chem ; 80: 512-523, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185422

RESUMO

A new series of N'-(substituted phenyl)-5-chloro/iodo-3-phenyl-1H-indole-2-carbohydrazide (5, 6) and N-[2-(substituted phenyl)-4-oxo-1,3-thiazolidin-3-yl]-5-iodo/chloro-3-phenyl-1H-indole-2-carboxamide (7, 8) derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer properties. Compounds 5a and 6b, selected as prototypes by the National Cancer Institute for screening against the full panel of 60 human tumor cell lines at a minimum of five concentrations at 10-fold dilutions, demonstrated remarkable antiproliferative activity against leukemia, non-small cell lung cancer, colon cancer, central nervous system (CNS) cancer, melanoma, ovarian cancer, renal cancer, and breast cancer (MCF-7) cell lines with GI50 values < 0.4 µM. A subset of the compounds was then tested for their potential to inhibit tubulin polymerization. Compounds 6f and 6g showed significant cytotoxicity at the nM level on MCF-7 cells and exhibited significant inhibitory activity on tubulin assembly and colchicine binding at about the same level as combretastatin A-4. Finally, docking calculations were performed to identify the binding mode of these compounds. Group 5 and 6 compounds interacted with the colchicine binding site through hydrophobic interactions similar to those of colchicine. These compounds with antiproliferative activity at high nanomolar concentration can serve as scaffolds for the design of novel microtubule targeting agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Indóis/farmacologia , Tiazolidinas/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Hidrazinas/síntese química , Hidrazinas/química , Hidrazinas/metabolismo , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/química , Indóis/metabolismo , Células MCF-7 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Tiazolidinas/síntese química , Tiazolidinas/química , Tiazolidinas/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/metabolismo
15.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 19(15): 1289-1304, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210108

RESUMO

Microtubules are essential for the mitotic division of cells and have been an attractive target for antitumour drugs due to the increased incidence of cancer and significant mitosis rate of tumour cells. In the past few years, tubulin-colchicine binding site, as one of the three binding pockets including taxol-, vinblastine- and colchicine-binding sites, has been focused on to design tubulin-destabilizing agents including inhibitors, antibody-drug conjugates and degradation agents. The present review is the first to cover a systemic and recent synopsis of tubulin-colchicine binding site agents. We believe that it would provide an increase in our understanding of receptor-ligand interaction pattern and consciousness of a series of challenges about tubulin target druggability.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Colchicina/farmacologia , Imunoconjugados/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Colchicina/química , Colchicina/metabolismo , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/química , Imunoconjugados/metabolismo , Mitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/metabolismo
16.
Mol Pharmacol ; 96(1): 73-89, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043459

RESUMO

Interfering with microtubule dynamics is a well-established strategy in cancer treatment; however, many microtubule-targeting agents are associated with drug resistance and adverse effects. Substantial evidence points to ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters as critical players in the development of resistance. Herein, we demonstrate the efficacy of DJ95 (2-(1H-indol-6-yl)-4-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine), a novel tubulin inhibitor, in a variety of cancer cell lines, including malignant melanomas, drug-selected resistant cell lines, specific ABC transporter-overexpressing cell lines, and the National Cancer Institute 60 cell line panel. DJ95 treatment inhibited cancer cell migration, caused morphologic changes to the microtubule network foundation, and severely disrupted mitotic spindle formation of mitotic cells. The high-resolution crystal structure of DJ95 in complex with tubulin protein and the detailed molecular interactions confirmed its direct binding to the colchicine site. In vitro pharmacological screening of DJ95 using SafetyScreen44 (Eurofins Cerep-Panlabs) revealed no significant off-target interactions, and pharmacokinetic analysis showed that DJ95 was maintained at therapeutically relevant plasma concentrations for up to 24 hours in mice. In an A375 xenograft model in nude mice, DJ95 inhibited tumor growth and disrupted tumor vasculature in xenograft tumors. These results demonstrate that DJ95 is potent against a variety of cell lines, demonstrated greater potency to ABC transporter-overexpressing cell lines than existing tubulin inhibitors, directly targets the colchicine binding domain, exhibits significant antitumor efficacy, and demonstrates vascular-disrupting properties. Collectively, these data suggest that DJ95 has great potential as a cancer therapeutic, particularly for multidrug resistance phenotypes, and warrants further development. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Paclitaxel is a widely used tubulin inhibitor for cancer therapy, but its clinical efficacy is often limited by the development of multidrug resistance. In this study, we reported the preclinical characterization of a new tubulin inhibitor DJ95, and demonstrated its abilities to overcome paclitaxel resistance, disrupt tumor vasculature, and exhibit significant antitumor efficacy.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/administração & dosagem , Moduladores de Tubulina/administração & dosagem , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colchicina/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Imidazóis/química , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Melanoma/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/química , Piridinas/farmacologia , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
17.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 19(13): 1092-1120, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tubulin polymerization inhibitors interfere with microtubule assembly and their functions lead to mitotic arrest, therefore they are attractive target for design and development of novel anticancer compounds. OBJECTIVE: The proposed novel and effective structures following the use of three-dimensionalquantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR) pharmacophore based virtual screening clearly demonstrate the high efficiency of this method in modern drug discovery. METHODS: Combined computational approach was applied to extract the essential 2D and 3D features requirements for higher activity as well as identify new anti-tubulin agents. RESULTS: The best quantitative pharmacophore model, Hypo1, exhibited good correlation of 0.943 (RMSD=1.019) and excellent predictive power in the training set compounds. Generated model AHHHR, was well mapped to colchicine site and three-dimensional spatial arrangement of their features were in good agreement with the vital interactions in the active site. Total prediction accuracy (0.92 for training set and 0.86 for test set), enrichment factor (4.2 for training set and 4.5 for test set) and the area under the ROC curve (0.86 for training set and 0.94 for the test set), the developed model using Extended Class FingerPrints of maximum diameter 4 (ECFP_4) was chosen as the best model. CONCLUSION: Developed computational platform provided a better understanding of requirement features for colchicine site inhibitors and we believe the results of this study might be useful for the rational design and optimization of new inhibitors.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Colchicina/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colchicina/síntese química , Colchicina/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Polimerização/efeitos dos fármacos , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
18.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1974: 329-353, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099013

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is a lethal malignancy which is refractory to most chemotherapy drugs. Recent landmark studies have shed new light on the complex genetic heterogeneity of pancreatic cancer and provide an opportunity to utilize "precision-based medicines" to target genes based on the genetic profile of an individual's tumor to increase the efficiency of chemotherapy and decrease tumor growth and metastases. Gene-silencing drugs in the form of short-interfering RNA (siRNA) have the potential to play an important role in precision medicine for pancreatic cancer by silencing the expression of genes including those considered difficult to inhibit (undruggable) using chemical agents. However, before siRNA can reach its clinical potential a delivery vehicle is needed to carry siRNA across the cell membrane and into the cytoplasm of the cell. Herein, we detail the methods required to use star polymer nanoparticles to deliver siRNA to pancreatic tumors in an orthotopic pancreatic cancer mouse model to silence the expression of an "undruggable" gene (ßIII-tubulin) that regulates pancreatic cancer growth and chemosensitivity.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Interferência de RNA/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Interferente Pequeno/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Chem Biol Interact ; 308: 235-243, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145889

RESUMO

mHA11, a 2-amino-4-phenyl-4H-chromene-3-carboxylate analog, is a microtubule-targeting agent discovered by our group through the modification of the Bcl-2 inhibitor HA14-1. mHA11 exhibits cytotoxicities against tumor cells with nM IC50 values, whereas it has only a minimal effect on normal cells. We explored the plasma pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and excretion of mHA11 in rats using a liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. Next, we identified the metabolites of mHA11 and assessed the influence of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes on mHA11 metabolism. We also examined the in vitro stability in rat plasma and rat liver microsomes (RLMs), the blood-to plasma (B/P) ratio, and the inhibitory effect on CYP isozyme activities. After oral administration at 5, 15, and 45 mg/kg, mHA11 was absorbed and eliminated rapidly. There was a linear correlation between the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC0-∞) and the dose (R2 = 0.983). The bioavailability of mHA11 was 4.1% at the oral dose of 15 mg/kg mHA11 was extensively distributed in various tissues and exhibited a high penetration into the brain. No significant parent drug was detected in urine or bile, and only 0.74% was recovered in feces, whereas two demethylated metabolites, M1 and M2, were found in the urine and feces, and further studies showed that CYP2C19 primarily contributed to metabolites formation. mHA11 was stable in rat plasma but degraded significantly in RLMs; its B/P ratio was 1.05 in rat blood. In addition, mHA11 dose-dependently inhibited the activities of rat CYP isozymes, including CYP1A2, CYP2C6, CYP2C11, CYP2D2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A2. The present study is the first report on the disposition of mHA11 in rats and provides important data for further research and development of this inhibitor.


Assuntos
Benzopiranos/farmacocinética , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacocinética , Administração Oral , Animais , Benzopiranos/sangue , Benzopiranos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/química , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Humanos , Masculino , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Distribuição Tecidual , Moduladores de Tubulina/sangue , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
20.
Molecules ; 24(7)2019 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935100

RESUMO

Monoterpenoid indole alkaloids are structurally diverse natural products found in plants of the family Apocynaceae. Among them, vincristine and its derivatives are well known for their anticancer activity. Bousigonia mekongensis, a species in this family, contains various monoterpenoid indole alkaloids. In the current study, fourteen known aspidosperma-type monoterpenoid indole alkaloids (1⁻14) were isolated and identified from a methanol extract of the twigs and leaves of B. mekongensis for the first time. Among them, compounds 3, 6, 9, and 13 exhibited similar antiproliferative activity spectra against A549, KB, and multidrug-resistant (MDR) KB subline KB-VIN cells with IC50 values ranging from 0.5⁻0.9 µM. The above alkaloids efficiently induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase by inhibiting tubulin polymerization as well as mitotic bipolar spindle formation. Computer modeling studies indicated that compound 7 likely forms a hydrogen bond (H-bond) with α- or ß-tubulin at the colchicine site. Evaluation of the antiproliferative effects and SAR analysis suggested that a 14,15-double bond or 3α-acetonyl group is critical for enhanced antiproliferative activity. Mechanism of action studies demonstrated for the first time that compounds 3, 4, 6, 7, and 13 efficiently induce cell cycle arrest at G2/M by inhibiting tubulin polymerization by binding to the colchicine site.


Assuntos
Aspidosperma/química , Multimerização Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides de Triptamina e Secologanina/química , Alcaloides de Triptamina e Secologanina/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo
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