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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5463-5469, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Periostin exists as an extracellular matrix protein in several carcinomas and is related to metastasis and poor prognosis. It is mainly secreted from cancer associated fibroblasts, and not from carcinoma cells. As a tumor microenvironment component, periostin usually mediates tumor cell stemness, metastasis, angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. This study aimed to examine the role of periostin in chondrosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To evaluate the effect of periostin on the proliferation of chondrosarcoma cells, MTT assay was performed on SW1353 cells and periostin knockdown SW1353 cells. Migration activity was examined using Boyden chamber. RESULTS: Periostin, secreted from chondrosarcoma cells, was found to support proliferation, and maintain stemness and migration of chondrosarcoma cells. Periostin also induced proliferation and migration of lymphatic endothelial cells. CONCLUSION: Periostin plays an important role in chondrosarcoma development and disease progression.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Condrossarcoma/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Condrossarcoma/patologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Humanos , Linfangiogênese/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
2.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(9): e1008879, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997728

RESUMO

The Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) orf I-encoded accessory protein p8 is cleaved from its precursor p12, and both proteins contribute to viral persistence. p8 induces cellular protrusions, which are thought to facilitate transfer of p8 to target cells and virus transmission. Host factors interacting with p8 and mediating p8 transfer are unknown. Here, we report that vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP), which promotes actin filament elongation, is a novel interaction partner of p8 and important for p8 and HTLV-1 Gag cell-to-cell transfer. VASP contains an Ena/VASP homology 1 (EVH1) domain that targets the protein to focal adhesions. Bioinformatics identified a short stretch in p8 (amino acids (aa) 24-45) which may mediate interactions with the EVH1 domain of VASP. Co-immunoprecipitations confirmed interactions of VASP:p8 in 293T, Jurkat and HTLV-1-infected MT-2 cells. Co-precipitation of VASP:p8 could be significantly blocked by peptides mimicking aa 26-37 of p8. Mutational studies revealed that the EVH1-domain of VASP is necessary, but not sufficient for the interaction with p8. Further, deletion of the VASP G- and F-actin binding domains significantly diminished co-precipitation of p8. Imaging identified areas of partial co-localization of VASP with p8 at the plasma membrane and in protrusive structures, which was confirmed by proximity ligation assays. Co-culture experiments revealed that p8 is transferred between Jurkat T-cells via VASP-containing conduits. Imaging and flow cytometry revealed that repression of both endogenous and overexpressed VASP by RNA interference or by CRISPR/Cas9 reduced p8 transfer to the cell surface and to target Jurkat T-cells. Stable repression of VASP by RNA interference in chronically infected MT-2 cells impaired both p8 and HTLV-1 Gag transfer to target Jurkat T-cells, while virus release was unaffected. Thus, we identified VASP as a novel interaction partner of p8, which is important for transfer of HTLV-1 p8 and Gag to target T-cells.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular , Adesões Focais , Produtos do Gene gag , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos , Fosfoproteínas , Linfócitos T , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/química , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Adesões Focais/química , Adesões Focais/genética , Adesões Focais/metabolismo , Adesões Focais/virologia , Produtos do Gene gag/química , Produtos do Gene gag/genética , Produtos do Gene gag/metabolismo , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/química , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/genética , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/metabolismo , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/química , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/química , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos , Linfócitos T/química , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/virologia
3.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4067, 2020 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792493

RESUMO

The brain is organized morphologically and functionally into a columnar structure. According to the radial unit hypothesis, neurons from the same lineage form a radial unit that contributes to column formation. However, the molecular mechanisms that link neuronal lineage and column formation remain elusive. Here, we show that neurons from the same lineage project to different columns under control of Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule (Dscam) in the fly brain. Dscam1 is temporally expressed in newly born neuroblasts and is inherited by their daughter neurons. The transient transcription of Dscam1 in neuroblasts enables the expression of the same Dscam1 splice isoform within cells of the same lineage, causing lineage-dependent repulsion. In the absence of Dscam1 function, neurons from the same lineage project to the same column. When the splice diversity of Dscam1 is reduced, column formation is significantly compromised. Thus, Dscam1 controls column formation through lineage-dependent repulsion.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Axônios/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Drosophila melanogaster , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Neurogênese/genética , Neurogênese/fisiologia , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3812, 2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732889

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction plays a key role in diabetic complications. This study discovers significant upregulation of Quaking-7 (QKI-7) in iPS cell-derived ECs when exposed to hyperglycemia, and in human iPS-ECs from diabetic patients. QKI-7 is also highly expressed in human coronary arterial ECs from diabetic donors, and on blood vessels from diabetic critical limb ischemia patients undergoing a lower-limb amputation. QKI-7 expression is tightly controlled by RNA splicing factors CUG-BP and hnRNPM through direct binding. QKI-7 upregulation is correlated with disrupted cell barrier, compromised angiogenesis and enhanced monocyte adhesion. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and mRNA-decay assays reveal that QKI-7 binds and promotes mRNA degradation of downstream targets CD144, Neuroligin 1 (NLGN1), and TNF-α-stimulated gene/protein 6 (TSG-6). When hindlimb ischemia is induced in diabetic mice and QKI-7 is knocked-down in vivo in ECs, reperfusion and blood flow recovery are markedly promoted. Manipulation of QKI-7 represents a promising strategy for the treatment of diabetic vascular complications.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Doenças Vasculares/patologia , Animais , Antígenos CD/genética , Aterosclerose/patologia , Caderinas/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/patologia , Isquemia/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Interferência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
5.
J Toxicol Sci ; 45(8): 435-447, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741896

RESUMO

The imbalance of testosterone to estradiol ratio has been related to the development of prostate diseases. Although rat models of prostate diseases induced by endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and/or hormone exposure are commonly used to analyze gene expression profiles in the prostate, most studies utilize a single endpoint. In this study, microarray analysis was used for gene expression profiling in rat prostate tissue after exposure to EDCs and sex hormones over multiple time points (prepubertal through adulthood). We used dorsolateral prostate tissues from Sprague-Dawley rats (male offspring) and postnatally administered estradiol benzoate (EB) on postnatal days (PNDs) 1, 3, and 5, followed by treatment with additional hormones [estradiol (E) and testosterone (T)] on PNDs 90-200, as described by Ho et al. Microarray analysis was performed for gene expression profiling in the dorsolateral prostate, and the results were validated via qRT-PCR. The genes in cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, cell adhesion molecules, and chemokines were upregulated in the EB+T+E group on PNDs 145 and 200. Moreover, early-stage downregulation of anti-inflammatory gene: bone morphogenetic protein 7 gene was observed. These findings suggest that exposure to EB, T, and E activates multiple pathways and simultaneously downregulates anti-inflammatory genes. Interestingly, these genes are reportedly expressed in prostate cancer tissues/cell lines. Further studies are required to elucidate the mechanism, including analyses using human prostate tissues.


Assuntos
Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Estradiol/análogos & derivados , Estradiol/toxicidade , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Expressão Gênica , Próstata/metabolismo , Puberdade , Testosterona/toxicidade , Transcriptoma , Fatores Etários , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 7/genética , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 7/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Quimiocinas/genética , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Disruptores Endócrinos/efeitos adversos , Estradiol/efeitos adversos , Inflamação/genética , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Citocinas/genética , Receptores de Citocinas/metabolismo , Testosterona/efeitos adversos
6.
Gene ; 757: 144931, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640308

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the role of close homolog of L1 (CHL1) on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and the correlation with the balance of Th17/Treg. METHODS: Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced IBD mice model was established. CHL1 knockout (KO) mice and CHL1 wild-type (WT) mice were subjected to DSS. CHL1 expression was detected using qRT-PCR. Weight was recorded daily, and disease activity index (DAI) score was assessed. The colon length and histological changes were measured. The number of neutrophils, macrophages and T cells was observed by immunohistochemistry. The expression of inflammatory cytokines and the proportion of Th17/Treg cells were detected by qRT-PCR and flow cytometry. The expression of RORγt, STAT3 and Foxp3 was detected by using immunohistochemistry and Western blot. RESULTS: CHL1 expression was upregulated in DSS-induced IBD mice. DSS-CHLl-KO mice exhibited less weight loss than the DSS-CHLl-WT mice. The DAI score and histological score were decreased in DSS-CHLl-KO mice compared with DSS-CHLl-WT mice, while colon length was increased. Number of neutrophils, macrophages and T cells, and expression of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-17A, IL-21 and IL-23 were decreased in DSS-CHLl-KO mice, while IL-10 expression was increased. Moreover, CHL1-deficient inhibited Th17 cells differentiation and promoted Treg cells differentiation in IBD mice. CHL1-deficient also inhibited the expression of RORγt and STAT3, and promoted the expression of Foxp3 in IBD mice. CONCLUSION: CHL1-deficient reduces the inflammatory response by regulating the balance of Th17/Treg in mice with IBD. CHL1 is expected to be a new target for the treatment of IBD.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/genética , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Animais , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/deficiência , Diferenciação Celular , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/sangue , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Interleucinas/genética , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia , Células Th17/citologia
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235922, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673370

RESUMO

We have previously established that epigenetic regulator RING1 and YY1 binding protein (RYBP) is required for the contractility of embryonic stem (ES) cell derived cardiomyocytes (CMCs), suggesting its essential role in contractility. In order to investigate the underlying molecular events of this phenotype, we compared the transcriptomic profile of the wild type and Rybp null mutant ES cells and CMCs differentiated from these cell lines. We identified genes related to ion homeostasis, cell adhesion and sarcomeric organization affected in the Rybp null mutant CMCs, by using hierarchical gene clustering and Gene Ontology analysis. We have also demonstrated that the amount of RYBP is drastically reduced in the terminally differentiated wild type CMCs whilst it is broadly expressed in the early phase of differentiation when progenitors form. We also describe that RYBP is important for the proper expression of key cardiac transcription factors including Mesp1, Shh and Mef2c. These findings identify Rybp as a gene important for both early cardiac gene transcription and consequent sarcomere formation necessary for contractility. Since impairment of sarcomeric function and contractility plays a central role in reduced cardiac pump function leading to heart failures in human, current results might be relevant to the pathophysiology of cardiomyopathies.


Assuntos
Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Sarcômeros/fisiologia , Animais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Proteínas Hedgehog/genética , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Canais Iônicos/genética , Canais Iônicos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/citologia , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/deficiência
8.
Mol Cell ; 79(3): 390-405.e7, 2020 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619402

RESUMO

Despite their apparent lack of catalytic activity, pseudokinases are essential signaling molecules. Here, we describe the structural and dynamic properties of pseudokinase domains from the Wnt-binding receptor tyrosine kinases (PTK7, ROR1, ROR2, and RYK), which play important roles in development. We determined structures of all pseudokinase domains in this family and found that they share a conserved inactive conformation in their activation loop that resembles the autoinhibited insulin receptor kinase (IRK). They also have inaccessible ATP-binding pockets, occluded by aromatic residues that mimic a cofactor-bound state. Structural comparisons revealed significant domain plasticity and alternative interactions that substitute for absent conserved motifs. The pseudokinases also showed dynamic properties that were strikingly similar to those of IRK. Despite the inaccessible ATP site, screening identified ATP-competitive type-II inhibitors for ROR1. Our results set the stage for an emerging therapeutic modality of "conformational disruptors" to inhibit or modulate non-catalytic functions of pseudokinases deregulated in disease.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/química , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Baculoviridae/genética , Baculoviridae/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Clonagem Molecular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Células Precursoras de Linfócitos B/citologia , Células Precursoras de Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/genética , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/metabolismo , Receptores da Família Eph/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores da Família Eph/química , Receptores da Família Eph/genética , Receptores da Família Eph/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Células Sf9 , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Spodoptera , Homologia Estrutural de Proteína , Especificidade por Substrato
9.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234549, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555608

RESUMO

Methadone is a synthetic opioid used as maintenance treatment for patients addicted to heroin. Skin irritation is one of the adverse events caused by opioid use. 344 methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients were recruited with records and measurements on methadone dose, plasma methadone concentrations, and treatment emergent symptom scales (TESS). 15 patients reported with skin irritation. Five SNPs located within the NECTIN4 genetic region were genotyped. The NECTIN4 gene within the adherens junction interaction pathway was associated with methadone dose in pathway-based genome wide association analyses (P = 0.0008). Three highly-linked SNPs, rs11265549, rs3820097, and rs4656978, were significantly associated with methadone dose (P = 0.0003), plasma concentrations of R,S-methadone (P = 0.0004) and TNF-α (P = 0.010) in all 344 MMT patients, and with self-report skin irritation symptom scores (P = 0.010) in the 15 MMT patients who reported with skin irritation. To identify the possible roles of plasma level of Nectin-4 in the responses to MMT and opioid use, additional age- and gender-matched 51 controls and 83 methadone-free abstinent former heroin users were recruited. Plasma level of Nectin-4 was the highest in MMT patients among the three groups. The results suggest involvement of genetic variants on NECTIN4 in methadone dose. Plasma Nectin-4 level is likely an indicator for continued use of opioids.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Dependência de Heroína/genética , Metadona/administração & dosagem , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/genética , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/sangue , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Dependência de Heroína/sangue , Dependência de Heroína/tratamento farmacológico , Dependência de Heroína/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Metadona/efeitos adversos , Metadona/sangue , Tratamento de Substituição de Opiáceos/métodos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/sangue , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/patologia
10.
Hum Genet ; 139(11): 1471-1483, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583022

RESUMO

Human growth is a complex trait determined by genetic factors in combination with external stimuli, including environment, nutrition and hormonal status. In the past, several genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have collectively identified hundreds of genetic variants having a putative effect on determining adult height in different worldwide populations. Theoretically, a valuable approach to better understand the mechanisms of complex traits as adult height is to study a population exhibiting extreme stature phenotypes, such as African Baka Pygmies. After phenotypic characterization, we sequenced the whole exomes of a cohort of Baka Pygmies and their non-Pygmies Bantu neighbors to highlight genetic variants associated with the reduced stature. Whole exome data analysis revealed 29 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly associated with the reduced height in the Baka group. Among these variants, we focused on SNP rs7629425, located in the 5'-UTR of the Hyaluronidase-2 (HYAL2) gene. The frequency of the alternative allele was significantly increased compared to African and non-African populations. In vitro luciferase assay showed significant differences in transcription modulation by rs7629425 C/T alleles. In conclusion, our results suggested that the HYAL2 gene variants may play a role in the etiology of short stature in Baka Pygmies population.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Transtornos do Crescimento/genética , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Estatura/genética , Exoma/genética , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Humanos , Masculino
11.
J Headache Pain ; 21(1): 64, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503413

RESUMO

Migraine is a common brain disorder with a large genetic component. Of the two main migraine types, migraine with aura and migraine without aura, the genetic underpinning in the former is least understood. Given the evidence from epidemiological studies in cohorts and families that the genetic contribution is highest in migraine with aura, this seems paradoxical. Various genetic approaches have been applied to identify genetic factors that confer risk for migraine. Initially, so-called candidate gene associations studies (CGAS) have been performed that test DNA variants in genes prioritized based on presumed a priori knowledge of migraine pathophysiology. More recently, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) tested variants in any gene in an hypothesis-free manner. Whereas GWAS in migraine without aura, or the more general diagnosis migraine have already identified dozens of gene variants, the specific hunt for gene variants in migraine with aura has been disappointing. The only GWAS specifically investigating migraine with aura yielded only one single associated single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), near MTDH and PGCP, with genome-wide significance. However, interrogation of all genotyped SNPs, so beyond this one significant hit, was more successful and led to the notion that migraine with aura and migraine without aura are genetically more alike than different. Until now, most relevant genetic discoveries related to migraine with aura came from investigating monogenetic syndromes with migraine aura as a prominent phenotype (i.e. FHM, CADASIL and FASPS). This review will highlight the genetic findings relevant to migraine with aura.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Enxaqueca com Aura/diagnóstico , Enxaqueca com Aura/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Variação Genética/genética , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Enxaqueca com Aura/epidemiologia , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 319, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32357839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trichomoniasis resulting from Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis) has been considered as a commonly seen disease with the transmission way of sex. At present, the detection methods of T. vaginalis mainly include wet mount microscopy, culture, PCR, immunofluorescence and ELISA. However, all of these detection methods exist shortcomings. METHODS: In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay that targeted the species-specific sequence of adhesion protein 65 (AP65) gene had been conducted to detect T. vaginalis. The optimum reaction system and conditions were optimized in this rapid detection method. RESULTS: The results of sensitivity analysis showed that the LAMP assay targeting the AP65 gene was 1000 times more sensitive than the nested PCR targeting the actin gene commonly used for detection of T. vaginalis, and the detecting limitation of the former was 10 trichomonad. Moreover, the amplification of the target gene AP65 by LAMP assay exhibited high specificity and the product was exclusively from T. vaginalis. The detection technique of LAMP did not exhibit cross-reactivity with the common pathogens of Trichinella spiralis, Toxoplasma gondii, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus. CONCLUSIONS: According to the present study, the LAMP assay with the target of AP65 gene, was suitable for the early diagnosis of T. vaginalis infections. Consequently, the LAMP assay was proposed by the current study as a point-of-care examination and an alternative molecular tool which exhibited the potential value in the treatment, control and prevention of trichomoniasis transmission and relevant complication.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Tricomoníase/diagnóstico , Trichomonas vaginalis/genética , Sequência de Bases/genética , DNA de Protozoário/genética , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tricomoníase/parasitologia , Esfregaço Vaginal
13.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 102, 2020 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Syndrome of synovitis acne pustulosis hyperostosis osteitis (SAPHO) and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) present two diseases of a dermatologic and rheumatologic spectrum that are variable in manifestation und therapeutic response. Genetic risk factors have long been assumed in both diseases, but no single reliable factor has been identified yet. Therefore, we aimed to clinically characterize a patient group with syndrome of synovitis acne pustulosis hyperostosis osteitis (SAPHO) (n = 47) and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO)/ chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) (n = 9) and analyze a CRMO candidate gene. METHODS: Clinical data of all patients were collected and assessed for different combinations of clinical symptoms. SAPHO patients were grouped into categories according to the acronym; disease-contribution by pathogens was evaluated. We sequenced coding exons of FBLIM1. RESULTS: Palmoplantar pustular psoriasis (PPP) was the most common skin manifestation in CRMO/CNO and SAPHO patients; most SAPHO patients had sterno-costo-clavicular hyperostosis. The most common clinical category of the acronym was S_PHO (n = 26). Lack of pathogen detection from bone biopsies was more common than microbial isolation. We did not identify autosomal-recessive FBLIM1 variants. CONCLUSIONS: S_PHO is the most common combination of symptoms of its acronym. Genetic analyses of FBLIM1 did not provide evidence that this gene is relevant in our patient group. Our study indicates the need to elucidate SAPHO's and CRMO/CNO's pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Osteomielite/genética , Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperostose/genética , Hiperostose/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Osteomielite/fisiopatologia , Psoríase/genética , Psoríase/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco
14.
RNA ; 26(9): 1086-1093, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471818

RESUMO

The Drosophila melanogaster gene Dscam1 potentially generates 38,016 distinct isoforms via mutually exclusive splicing, which are required for both nervous and immune functions. However, the mechanism underlying splicing regulation remains obscure. Here we show apparent evolutionary signatures characteristic of competing RNA secondary structures in exon clusters 6 and 9 of Dscam1 in the two midge species (Belgica antarctica and Clunio marinus). Surprisingly, midge Dscam1 encodes only ∼6000 different isoforms through mutually exclusive splicing. Strikingly, the docking site of the exon 6 cluster is conserved in almost all insects and crustaceans but is specific in the midge; however, the docking site-selector base-pairings are conserved. Moreover, the docking site is complementary to all predicted selector sequences downstream from every variable exon 9 of the midge Dscam1, which is in accordance with the broad spectrum of their isoform expression. This suggests that these cis-elements mainly function through the formation of long-range base-pairings. This study provides a vital insight into the evolution and mechanism of Dscam1 alternative splicing.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Processamento de RNA/genética , RNA/genética , Animais , Evolução Molecular , Éxons/genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética
15.
Nat Cell Biol ; 22(7): 882-895, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451439

RESUMO

It is well accepted that cancers co-opt the microenvironment for their growth. However, the molecular mechanisms that underlie cancer-microenvironment interactions are still poorly defined. Here, we show that Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) in the mammary tumour epithelium selectively actuates protein-kinase-R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), causing the recruitment and persistent education of tumour-promoting cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), which are part of the cancer microenvironment. An analysis of tumours from patients and mice reveals that cysteine-rich with EGF-like domains 2 (CRELD2) is the paracrine factor that underlies PERK-mediated CAF education downstream of ROCK. We find that CRELD2 is regulated by PERK-regulated ATF4, and depleting CRELD2 suppressed tumour progression, demonstrating that the paracrine ROCK-PERK-ATF4-CRELD2 axis promotes the progression of breast cancer, with implications for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/patologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Reprogramação Celular , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , eIF-2 Quinase/metabolismo , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Fator 4 Ativador da Transcrição/genética , Fator 4 Ativador da Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Comunicação Parácrina , eIF-2 Quinase/genética , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética
16.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(22): 12295-12305, 2020 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424104

RESUMO

The mechanisms that regulate germinal center (GC) B cell responses in the spleen are not fully understood. Here we use a combination of pharmacologic and genetic approaches to delete SIGN-R1+ marginal zone (MZ) macrophages and reveal their specific contribution to the regulation of humoral immunity in the spleen. We find that while SIGN-R1+ macrophages were not essential for initial activation of B cells, they were required for maturation of the response and development of GC B cells. These defects could be corrected when follicular helper T (Tfh) cells were induced before macrophage ablation or when Tfh responses were enhanced. Moreover, we show that in the absence of SIGN-R1+ macrophages, DCIR2+ dendritic cells (DCs), which play a key role in priming Tfh responses, were unable to cluster to the interfollicular regions of the spleen and were instead displaced to the MZ. Restoring SIGN-R1+ macrophages to the spleen corrected positioning of DCIR2+ DCs and rescued the GC B cell response. Our study reveals a previously unappreciated role for SIGN-R1+ macrophages in regulation of the GC reaction and highlights the functional specification of macrophage subsets in the MZ compartment.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/imunologia , Centro Germinativo/imunologia , Lectinas Tipo C/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/imunologia , Baço/imunologia , Animais , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores
17.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 689: 108390, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359894

RESUMO

Several long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) have been linked to carcinogenesis; however, little is known about the role of LINC00619 in gastric cancer (GC). LINC00619 was identified among differentially expressed lncRNAs linked to gastric cancer based on microarray analysis and its relationships with miR-224-5p and opioid binding protein/cell adhesion molecule-like gene (OPCML) were investigated. LINC00619, miR-224-5p, and OPCML expression were measured in GC tissues and cells. Ectopic expression and depletion experiments were conducted to assess the effects of LINC00619, miR-224-5p and OPCML on cell proliferation, invasion, migration and apoptosis as well as their effects on the expression of apoptosis- and metastasis-related genes (Bcl-2, Bax, MMP-2 and MMP-9). Tumorigenicity in the nude mice was also examined. Gastric cancer was characterized by downregulation of LINC00619 and OPCML and upregulation of miR-224-5p. Additionally, we found that miR-224-5p could interact with both LINC00619 and OPCML. Upregulation of LINC00619, which binds to miR-224-5p, led to decreased miR-224-5p expression while increasing the expression of OPCML, a target gene of miR-224-5p. Overexpression of LINC00619 or OPCML or downregulation of miR-224-5p suppressed cell proliferation, invasion, migration and tumorigenicity while promoting apoptosis in GC. Our results indicated that LINC00619 functions as a tumor suppressor in GC by impairing miR-224-5p-mediated inhibition of OPCML.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
18.
Gene ; 741: 144519, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126252

RESUMO

Copy number variations (CNVs) are the wide structural variations ranging from 50 bp to several Mb at genome which can affect gene expression and further impacting growth and development traits of livestock. Comparing with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), CNVs can better explain the genetic and phenotypic diversity, are increasingly important in biological research. As a member of immunoglobulin super-family, cell adhesion molecule 2 (CADM2) plays a vital role in cancer development and metabolic regulation. Here, we tested the CNV of CADM2 gene in 443 goats across five breeds (Guizhou white goat, GZW; Guizhou black goat, GZB; Africa Nubian goat, AN; Boer goat × Huai goat, BH; Boer goat, BG) and detected its association with phenotypic traits. Subsequently, we analyzed the CADM2 gene expression level in different tissues of NB goats (n = 3, Nubian × Black) and the transcriptional expression in lung is much higher than others. The results showed that the CNV of CADM2 has a significant association with withers height and body length in GZB goat (P < 0.01), in which individuals with type of deletion were superior to those with duplication or normal type in term of body hight and body length (P < 0.01). In summary, this study confirmed the association between CNV of CADM2 gene and growth traits, and our research data indicated the CADM2-CNV may considered as a prospective candidate for the molecular marker-assisted selection breeding of goat growth traits, which conducived to accelerating the genetic amelioration in Chinese goats.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Cabras/genética , Animais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Cruzamento , Genética Populacional , Genoma , Cabras/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Humanos , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
19.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 115(3): 27, 2020 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146539

RESUMO

Heart failure is a major health problem worldwide with a significant morbidity and mortality rate. Although studied extensively in animal models, data from patients at the compensated disease stage are lacking. We sampled myocardium biopsies from aortic stenosis patients with compensated hypertrophy and moderate heart failure and used transcriptomics to study the transition to failure. Sequencing and comparative analysis of analogous samples of mice with transverse aortic constriction identified 25 candidate genes with similar regulation in response to pressure overload, reflecting highly conserved molecular processes. The gene cysteine-rich secretory protein LCCL domain containing 1 (CRISPLD1) is upregulated in the transition to failure in human and mouse and its function is unknown. Homology to ion channel regulatory toxins suggests a role in Ca2+ cycling. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated loss-of-function leads to dysregulated Ca2+ handling in human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. The downregulation of prohypertrophic, proapoptotic and Ca2+-signaling pathways upon CRISPLD1-KO and its upregulation in the transition to failure implicates a contribution to adverse remodeling. These findings provide new pathophysiological data on Ca2+ regulation in the transition to failure and novel candidate genes with promising potential for therapeutic interventions.


Assuntos
Sinalização do Cálcio , Cálcio/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Evolução Molecular , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/genética , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/metabolismo , Apoptose , Biópsia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/química , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/deficiência , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Sequência Conservada , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
20.
Life Sci ; 253: 117533, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151690

RESUMO

HEADING AIMS: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is featured by the growth impediment and apoptosis surge of VSMCs (vascular smooth muscle cells). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are suggested to affect cellular behaviors including cell growth and apoptosis. This study concentrated on unraveling the emerging role of miR-28-5p in abdominal aortic aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Previously, miR-28-5p was reported to be highly expressed in AAA. Functional assays were utilized to determine the role of miR-28-5p in VSMC apoptosis. To narrow down the downstream mRNAs, bioinformatics methods were utilized. The interaction between miR-28-5p and GRIA4 (glutamate ionotropic receptor AMPA type subunit 4) or LYPD3 (LY6/PLAUR domain containing 3) was explored. Candidate circRNAs (circular RNAs) of miR-28-5p were identified. Rescue analyses validated function of circCBFB (core-binding factor subunit beta)/miR-28-5p/GRIA4/LYPD3 axis in VSMC apoptosis and growth. KEY FINDINGS: MiR-28-5p acted as an apoptosis driver while circCBFB, GRIA4 and LYPD3 exerted anti-apoptosis effects in VSMCs. Mechanically, GRIA4 and LYPD3 were suppressed by miR-28-5p. Moreover, circCBFB served as a sponge of miR-28-5p, releasing GRIA4 and LYPD3 from miR-28-5p suppression. Functionally, GRIA4, LYPD3 and miR-28-5p were required in circCBFB-mediated VSMC apoptosis. SIGNIFICANCE: This work unveiled an innovative axis of circCBFB/miR-28-5p/GRIA4/LYPD3 in VSMC apoptosis, exerting its potential in providing new thoughts in AAA management.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptores de AMPA/genética , Apoptose , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Humanos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores de AMPA/metabolismo , Transfecção
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