Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 13.221
Filtrar
1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(8): 4681-4685, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The functions of macrophages change in response to environmental factors such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS derived from Pantoea agglomerans (LPSp) is involved in macrophage activation and tissue repair when administered dermally. LPSp-activated macrophages may be useful for restoring and maintaining homeostasis of the skin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Phorbol myristate acetate-treated human monocytes (THP-1 cells) were activated with LPSp. The medium of LPSp-activated THP-1 cells was added to normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDF cells). After 24 h, the expression of hyaluronan (HA) synthase (HAS)2, hyaluronidase (HYAL)1, and tropoelastin in NHDF cells was analyzed using quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: The expression of HAS2 and tropoelastin was significantly increased, but that of HYAL1 was significantly decreased. It was demonstrated that the abilities of HA and elastin synthesis in NHDF cells increased through LPSp-activated THP-1 cells. CONCLUSION: LPSp-activated macrophages may be useful for enhancing the abilities of HA and elastin synthesis in fibroblasts, subsequently improving dysfunction and reducing various age-related disorders.


Assuntos
Elastina/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Ácido Hialurônico/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Ativação de Macrófagos , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Pantoea/metabolismo , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(8): 4763-4771, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Chemoimmunotherapy is a promising treatment for various malignant diseases. In this study, we examined whether first-line chemoimmunotherapy using adoptive immune-cell therapy was effective for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The therapeutic efficacy and safety of the standard first-line chemoimmunotherapy with adoptive αß T cell therapy and bevacizumab were assessed using thirty-two patients with mCRC in our hospital. Immunological status after this chemoimmunotherapy was also evaluated. RESULTS: The response and disease control rates were 68.8% and 87.5%, respectively. Further, median progression-free and overall survival were 14.2 and 35.3 months. Immunotherapy-associated toxicity was minimal. Significant decrease in the change of monocyte number (p=0.006) and increase in the change of rate of lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (p=0.039) were seen in the complete response group. CONCLUSION: First-line chemoimmunotherapy with adoptive αß T cell therapy may be useful for mCRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/imunologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
3.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3459, 2020 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651360

RESUMO

Hepatic amebiasis, predominantly occurring in men, is a focal destruction of the liver due to the invading protozoan Entamoeba histolytica. Classical monocytes as well as testosterone are identified to have important functions for the development of hepatic amebiasis in mice, but a link between testosterone and monocytes has not been identified. Here we show that testosterone treatment induces proinflammatory responses in human and mouse classical monocytes. When treated with 5α-dihydrotestosterone, a strong androgen receptor ligand, human classical monocytes increase CXCL1 production in the presence of Entamoeba histolytica antigens. Moreover, plasma testosterone levels of individuals undergoing transgender procedure correlate positively with the TNF and CXCL1 secretion from their cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells following lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Finally, testosterone substitution of castrated male mice increases the frequency of TNF/CXCL1-producing classical monocytes during hepatic amebiasis, supporting the hypothesis that the effects of androgens may contribute to an increased risk of developing monocyte-mediated pathologies.


Assuntos
Androgênios/farmacologia , Quimiocina CXCL1/metabolismo , Animais , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Di-Hidrotestosterona/farmacologia , Entamoeba histolytica/química , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
4.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235518, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614928

RESUMO

Interruption of the programmed death 1 (PD-1) / programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway is an established and effective therapeutic strategy in human oncology and holds promise for veterinary oncology. We report the generation and characterization of monoclonal antibodies specific for canine PD-1 and PD-L1. Antibodies were initially assessed for their capacity to block the binding of recombinant canine PD-1 to recombinant canine PD-L1 and then ranked based on efficiency of binding as judged by flow cytometry. Selected antibodies were capable of detecting PD-1 and PD-L1 on canine tissues by flow cytometry and Western blot. Anti-PD-L1 worked for immunocytochemistry and anti-PD-1 worked for immunohistochemistry on formalin-fixed paraffin embedded canine tissues, suggesting the usage of this antibody with archived tissues. Additionally, anti-PD-L1 (JC071) revealed significantly increased PD-L1 expression on canine monocytes after stimulation with peptidoglycan or lipopolysaccharide. Together, these antibodies display specificity for the natural canine ligand using a variety of potential diagnostic applications. Importantly, multiple PD-L1-specific antibodies amplified IFN-γ production in a canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) concanavlin A (Con A) stimulation assay, demonstrating functional activity.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Animais , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Cães , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , Peptidoglicano/farmacologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
5.
Mol Immunol ; 125: 172-177, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707536

RESUMO

Recent studies suggest that microbiome derived 3(3,4-dihydroxy-phenyl) propionic acid (DHCA) attenuates IL-6 cytokine production through downregulation of the epigenetic modifier DNA Methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) expression and inhibition of DNA methylation at the 5'-C-phosphate-G-3' (CpG)-rich IL6 sequence introns 1 and 3 in a mouse model of depression. In this study, we extended the investigation of DHCA epigenetic mechanisms in IL-6 expression in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Using Lucia Luciferase reporter gene system we identified CpG-rich sequences in which of methylation is influenced by DHCA similar to what observed in response to treatment with the DNA methylation inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine. Correlation study showed that DNA methylation at select CpG motifs in the IL-6 promoter correlates with IL-6 gene expression. Our study suggests that DHCA is effective in reducing IL-6 expression in human PBMCs, in part, by regulation of methylation in the IL-6 promoter region.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Propionatos/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Metilação de DNA/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-6/biossíntese , Microbiota , Neuroimunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Neuroimunomodulação/genética
6.
Life Sci ; 258: 118136, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726662

RESUMO

The endothelium is a critical regulator of vascular homeostasis, controlling vascular tone and permeability as well as interactions of leukocytes and platelets with blood vessel walls. Consequently, endothelial dysfunction featuring inflammation and reduced vasodilation are considered central to cardiovascular disease (CVD) pathogenesis and have become a therapeutic area of focus. Type II endothelial cell (EC) activation by stress-related stimuli such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) initiates the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, a master regulator of inflammatory responses. Because dysregulated NF-κB signaling has been tightly linked to several CVDs, EC-specific inhibition of NF-κB represents an attractive pharmacological strategy. As accumulating evidence highlights the clinical benefits of tea catechin for multiple diseases including CVDs, we sought to determine whether the tea catechin epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) that displays antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, anti-thrombogenic, and anti-hypertensive properties offers protection against CVDs by suppressing the canonical NF-κB pathway. Our findings indicate that EGCG downregulates multiple components of the TNF-α-induced NF-κB signaling pathway and thereby reduces the consequent increase in inflammatory gene transcription and protein expression. Furthermore, EGCG blocked type II EC activation, evidenced by diminished EC leakage and monocyte adhesion in EGCG-treated cells. In summary, our study advances knowledge of EGCG's anti-inflammatory effects on the NF-κB pathway and hence its benefits on endothelial health, supporting its therapeutic potential for CVDs.


Assuntos
Catequina/análogos & derivados , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Catequina/farmacologia , Catequina/uso terapêutico , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/patologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
7.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234038, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492075

RESUMO

Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (eATP) released by damaged cells, and its purinergic receptors, comprise a crucial signaling network after injury. Purinergic receptor P2X7 (P2RX7), a major driver of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation and IL-1ß processing, has been shown to play a role in liver injury in murine diet- and chemically-induced liver injury models. It is unclear, however, whether P2RX7 plays a role in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and which cell type is the main target of P2RX7 pharmacological inhibition. Here, we report that P2RX7 is expressed by infiltrating monocytes and resident Kupffer cells in livers from NASH-affected individuals. Using primary isolated human cells, we demonstrate that P2RX7 expression in CD14+ monocytes and Kupffer cells primarily mediates IL-1ß release. In addition, we show that pharmacological inhibition of P2RX7 in monocytes and Kupffer cells, blocks IL-1ß release, reducing hepatocyte caspase 3/7 activity, IL-1ß-mediated CCL2 and CCL5 chemokine gene expression and secretion, and hepatic stellate cell (HSC) procollagen secretion. Consequently, in a chemically-induced nonhuman primate model of liver fibrosis, treatment with a P2RX7 inhibitor improved histological characteristics of NASH, protecting from liver inflammation and fibrosis. Taken together, these findings underscore the critical role of P2RX7 in the pathogenesis of NASH and implicate P2RX7 as a promising therapeutic target for the management of this disease.


Assuntos
Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2X/uso terapêutico , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/metabolismo , Animais , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/citologia , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/citologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Macrófagos do Fígado/citologia , Macrófagos do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos do Fígado/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Monócitos/citologia , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Pró-Colágeno/metabolismo , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2X/farmacologia , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/química , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/genética
8.
Exp Parasitol ; 216: 107940, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562606

RESUMO

Therapeutic options for the treatment of leishmaniasis are insufficient and need improvements owing to their low efficiency and high toxicity as well as the emergence of resistant strains. The limited number of new drugs for neglected diseases and lack of innovation in your development are still challenges. In this context, the process of discovery and development of biological assays play a pivotal role for the identification of bioactive compounds. The assays currently used for screening of drugs with cytotoxic activity against Leishmania parasites, include different processes that utilize intact parasite (free or intracellular) or specific enzymes of metabolism as a target cell. These assays allow the screening of large numbers of samples followed by more detailed secondary confirmatory assays to confirm the observed activity and assess their toxicity. In the present study, we described the development of a new functional and more complete assay that enables simultaneous assessment of potential anti-Leishmania compounds through evaluation of internalization of fluorescein-labeled L. braziliensis promastigotes by human peripheral blood monocytes and their cytotoxicity by flow cytometry. We standardized the conditions for parasite labeling to achieve better phagocytosis analysis by setting the ratio of number of parasites per cell as 1 to 2, at incubation time of 6h. The cytotoxicity assessment was performed by the quantification of cells undergoing early/late apoptosis and necrosis using a double labelling platform employing 7AAD for late apoptosis and necrosis analysis and Annexin-V for early apoptosis evaluation. Hemolysis analysis was an additional parameter to test cytotoxicity. Two drugs used on clinic (Amphotericin B and Glucantime®) were used to validate the proposed methodology, and the assay was able to detect their known leishmanicidal activity and immunotoxicity properties. This new predictive assay will contribute to the development of translational medicine strategies in drug discovery for neglected diseases such as leishmaniasis.


Assuntos
Alternativas aos Testes com Animais/métodos , Antiprotozoários/toxicidade , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Leishmania/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças Negligenciadas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anfotericina B/farmacologia , Anfotericina B/toxicidade , Animais , Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Antiprotozoários/uso terapêutico , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Fluoresceína-5-Isotiocianato , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Leishmania braziliensis/efeitos dos fármacos , Leishmaniose/tratamento farmacológico , Leucócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos/parasitologia , Antimoniato de Meglumina/farmacologia , Antimoniato de Meglumina/uso terapêutico , Antimoniato de Meglumina/toxicidade , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/parasitologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
9.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 69(9): 1929-1936, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32435850

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are widely implicated in negative regulation of immune responses in cancer. Inhibition of class I histone deacetylases (HDAC) with entinostat has anti-MDSC activity. However, as single agent, it did not delay tumor growth in EL4 and LLC tumor models. Here, we found that entinostat reduced immune suppressive activity of only one type of MDSC-polymorphonuclear, PMN-MDSC, whereas it had no effect on monocytic M-MDSC or macrophages. M-MDSC had high amount of class II HDAC-HDAC6, which was further increased after the treatment of mice with entinostat. Inhibition of HDAC6 with ricolinostat reduced suppressive activity of M-MDSC, but did not affect PMN-MDSC or delayed tumor growth. However, combination of entinostat and ricolinostat abrogated suppressive activity of both populations of MDSC and substantially delayed tumor progression. Thus, inactivation of MDSC required targeting of both major subsets of these cells via inhibitors of class I and class II HDAC.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Células Mieloides/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Supressoras Mieloides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Piridinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia
10.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0227932, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: For many pathological states, microparticles are supposed to be one of the causes of hypercoagulation. Although there are some indirect data about microparticles participation in coagulation activation and propagation, the integral hemostasis test Thrombodynamics allows to measure micropaticles participation in these two coagulation phases directly. Demonstrates microparticles participation in coagulation activation by influence on the appearance of coagulation centres in the plasma volume and the rate of clot growth from the surface with immobilized tissue factor.Methods: Microparticles were obtained from platelets and erythrocytes by stimulation with thrombin receptor-activating peptide (SFLLRN) and calcium ionophore (A23187), respectively, from monocytes, endothelial HUVEC culture and monocytic THP cell culture by stimulation with lipopolysaccharides. Microparticles were counted by flow cytometry and titrated in microparticle-depleted normal plasma in the Thrombodynamics test. RESULTS: Monocyte microparticles induced the appearance of clotting centres through the TF pathway at concentrations approximately 100-fold lower than platelet and erythrocyte microparticles, which activated plasma by the contact pathway. For endothelial microparticles, both activation pathways were essential, and their activity was intermediate. Monocyte microparticles induced plasma clotting by the appearance of hundreds of clots with an extremely slow growth rate, while erythrocyte microparticles induced the appearance of a few clots with a growth rate similar to that from surface covered with high-density tissue factor. Patterns of clotting induced by platelet and endothelial microparticles were intermediate. Platelet, erythrocyte and endothelial microparticles impacts on the rate of clot growth from the surface with tissue factor did not differ significantly within the 0-200·103/ul range of microparticles concentrations. However, at concentrations greater than 500·103/ul, erythrocyte microparticles increased the stationary clot growth rate to significantly higher levels than do platelet microparticles or artificial phospholipid vesicles consisting of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylserine. CONCLUSION: Microparticles of different origins demonstrated qualitatively different characteristics related to coagulation activation and propagation.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Trombina/metabolismo , Trombose/sangue , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Calcimicina/farmacologia , Cálcio/metabolismo , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Citometria de Fluxo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/patologia
11.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1531-1542, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430703

RESUMO

In haemophilia, thrombin generation and fibrin deposition upon vascular injury critically depend on the tissue factor (TF)-driven coagulation pathway. TF expression by monocytes/macrophages and circulating microvesicles contributes to haemostasis, thrombosis and inflammation. Inflammation is a hallmark of blood-induced joint disease. The aim of this study is to correlate TF production by whole-blood monocytes with inflammatory markers and clinical parameters in patients with moderate-to-severe haemophilia A or B (n = 43) in comparison to healthy males (n = 23). Monocyte TF antigen and microvesicle-associated TF procoagulant activity (MV TF PCA) were measured immediately after blood draw (baseline) and following incubation of whole blood with buffer or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) using two-colour flow cytometry and chromogenic FXa generation assay, respectively. Patients with HIV or uncontrolled HBV/HCV infections were excluded. TF was hardly detectable and not different in baseline and buffer-treaded samples from both groups. Stimulation with LPS, however, induced monocyte TF production, with increased TF-specific mean fluorescence intensity (P = 0.08) and MV TF PCA (P < 0.05) in patients compared to controls. Patients also had elevated hs-CRP and IL-6 serum levels (P < 0.001), which correlated with LPS-induced TF parameters. Further exploratory analyses revealed that the presence of systemic (low-grade) inflammation and boosted LPS-induced monocyte TF production were mainly restricted to patients with clinically controlled HBV and/or HCV infection (n = 16), who were older and also had a significantly worse orthopaedic joint score than patients with no history of viral hepatitis (P < 0.01). Our study delineates a previously unrecognised link between systemic inflammation and inducible monocyte TF production in patients with haemophilia A or B.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Tromboplastina/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hemofilia A/patologia , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Via Secretória/efeitos dos fármacos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
12.
Clin Chim Acta ; 508: 98-102, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32405079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) has been spreading worldwide, and tracking laboratory indexes during the diagnosis and treatment of patients with severe COVID-19 can provide a reference for patients in other countries and regions. METHODS: We closely tracked the epidemiological history, diagnosis and treatment process, as well as dynamic changes in routine blood indicators, of a severe COVID-19 patient who was hospitalized for 26 days. RESULTS: Our study found that the patient's condition worsened in the first week after admission, white blood cells (WBCs), neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, red blood cells (RBCs), hemoglobin, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelets (PLT) and platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) decreased. On the 7th day of admission, the levels of these cells decreased to their lowest values, though the red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level remained at high values. From 8 to 14 days of admission, the patient's condition improved, hypoxemia was corrected, and mechanical ventilation was discontinued. The number of WBCs, neutrophils, monocytes, eosinophils and lymphocytes increased gradually, and the erythrocyte parameters stopped declining and stabilized in a certain range; CRP decreased rapidly. On the 20th day of admission, the nucleic acid test was negative, WBC, neutrophil, CRP, NLR and PLR decreased gradually, and monocyte, lymphocyte, and eosinophil counts increased. Although RBCs and hemoglobin (Hb) levels continued to decrease, RDW gradually increased, indicating the recovery of hematopoiesis. In addition, it should be noted that monocytes and eosinophils were at extremely low levels within 10 days after admission; the recovery time of eosinophils was approximately 12 days after admission, which was earlier than other parameters, which might be of great value in judging the progress of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic changes in routine blood parameters might be helpful for the prognosis of COVID-19 patients and evaluation of the treatment effect.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plaquetas/patologia , Plaquetas/virologia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Contagem de Células , Convalescença , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/patologia , Eritrócitos/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/patologia , Monócitos/virologia , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/patologia , Neutrófilos/virologia , Oseltamivir/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Prognóstico , Respiração Artificial , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 7834173, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32292492

RESUMO

Extracorporeal hemadsorption may reduce inflammatory reaction in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. Glucocorticoids have been used during open-heart surgery for alleviation of systemic inflammation after CPB. We compared intraoperative hemadsorption and methylprednisolone, with usual care, during complex cardiac surgery on CPB, for inflammatory responses, hemodynamics, and perioperative course. Seventy-six patients with prolonged CPB were recruited and randomized, with 60 included in final analysis. Allocation was into three groups: Methylprednisolone (n = 20), Cytosorb (n = 20), and Control group (usual care, n = 20). Proinflammatory (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokines which complement C5a, CD64, and CD163 expression by immune cells were analyzed within the first five postoperative days, in addition to hemodynamic and clinical outcome parameters. Methylprednisolone group, compared to Cytosorb and Control had significantly lower levels of TNF-α (until the end of surgery, p < 0.001), IL-6 (until 48 h after surgery, p < 0.001), and IL-8 (until 24 h after surgery, p < 0.016). CD64 expression on monocytes was the highest in the Cytosorb group and lasted until the 5th postoperative day (p < 0.016). IL-10 concentration (until the end of surgery) and CD163 expression on monocytes (until 48 h after surgery) were the highest in the Methylprednisolone group (p < 0.016, for all measurements between three groups). No differences between groups in the cardiac index or clinical outcome parameters were found. Methylprednisolone more effectively ameliorates inflammatory responses after CPB surgery compared to hemadsorption and usual care. Hemadsorption compared with usual care causes higher prolonged expression of CD64 on monocytes but short lasting expression of CD163 on granulocytes. Hemadsorption with CytoSorb® was safe and well tolerated. This trial is registered with clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02666703).


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Hemadsorção , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Granulócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Granulócitos/imunologia , Granulócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/imunologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Eslovênia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(4): e1008404, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240273

RESUMO

Among infectious diseases, tuberculosis is the leading cause of death worldwide, and represents a serious threat, especially in developing countries. The protective effects of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), the current vaccine against tuberculosis, have been related not only to specific induction of T-cell immunity, but also with the long-term epigenetic and metabolic reprogramming of the cells from the innate immune system through a process termed trained immunity. Here we show that MTBVAC, a live attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, safe and immunogenic against tuberculosis antigens in adults and newborns, is also able to generate trained immunity through the induction of glycolysis and glutaminolysis and the accumulation of histone methylation marks at the promoters of proinflammatory genes, facilitating an enhanced response after secondary challenge with non-related bacterial stimuli. Importantly, these findings in human primary myeloid cells are complemented by a strong MTBVAC-induced heterologous protection against a lethal challenge with Streptococcus pneumoniae in an experimental murine model of pneumonia.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/imunologia , Pneumonia/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra a Tuberculose/administração & dosagem , Tuberculose/prevenção & controle , Animais , Vacina BCG/administração & dosagem , Vacina BCG/imunologia , Células Cultivadas , Reprogramação Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumonia/imunologia , Pneumonia/microbiologia , Tuberculose/imunologia , Tuberculose/microbiologia , Vacinação
15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(15): 8573-8583, 2020 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220961

RESUMO

Dicer is a ribonuclease III enzyme in biosynthesis of micro-RNAs (miRNAs). Here we describe a regulation of Dicer expression in monocytic cells, based on proteolysis. In undifferentiated Mono Mac 6 (MM6) cells, full-length Dicer was undetectable; only an ∼50-kDa fragment appeared in Western blots. However, when MM6 cells were treated with zymosan or LPS during differentiation with TGF-ß and 1,25diOHvitD3, full-length Dicer became abundant together with varying amounts of ∼170- and ∼50-kDa Dicer fragments. Mass spectrometry identified the Dicer fragments and showed cleavage about 450 residues upstream from the C terminus. Also, PGE2 (prostaglandin E2) added to differentiating MM6 cells up-regulated full-length Dicer, through EP2/EP4 and cAMP. The TLR stimuli strongly induced miR-146a-5p, while PGE2 increased miR-99a-5p and miR-125a-5p, both implicated in down-regulation of TNFα. The Ser protease inhibitor AEBSF (4-[2-aminoethyl] benzene sulfonyl fluoride) up-regulated full-length Dicer, both in MM6 cells and in primary human blood monocytes, indicating a specific proteolytic degradation. However, AEBSF alone did not lead to a general increase in miR expression, indicating that additional mechanisms are required to increase miRNA biosynthesis. Finally, differentiation of monocytes to macrophages with M-CSF or GM-CSF strongly up-regulated full-length Dicer. Our results suggest that differentiation regimens, both in the MM6 cell line and of peripheral blood monocytes, inhibit an apparently constitutive Dicer proteolysis, allowing for increased formation of miRNAs.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Monócitos/metabolismo , Prostaglandina-E Sintases/metabolismo , Proteólise , Ribonuclease III/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , Dinoprostona/farmacologia , Hematopoese , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Monócitos/citologia , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Prostaglandina-E Sintases/genética , Receptores de Prostaglandina E Subtipo EP2/metabolismo , Receptores de Prostaglandina E Subtipo EP4/metabolismo , Ribonuclease III/genética , Zimosan/farmacologia
16.
Mol Immunol ; 121: 136-143, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200171

RESUMO

The innate immune system is activated upon virus invasion of a host cell by recognizing viral component, such as dsRNA through specific receptors, resulting in the production of type- I IFNs, which confer an antiviral state within the invaded as well as surrounding cells. In the present study, fibroblast, monocyte and macrophage cells derived from water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) were exposed to a synthetic dsRNA analogue, poly I:C to mimic viral invasion in each cell type. Recognition of poly I:C through cytosolic helicase receptors RIG-I and MDA5 molecule lead to the activation of the RLR pathway, subsequently activating the MAVS-IRF3/7 cascade and the production of antiviral effector molecule like IFNß and ISGs. Within the different cell types, we identified variability in RLR receptor and IFNß expression after poly I:C administration. Fibroblasts responded quickly and strongly with IFNß production, followed by macrophages and monocytes. Despite absolute expression variability among different cell types the expression trend of RLRs pathway genes were similar. Length of poly I:C molecule also influence IFNß expression in response of RLR pathway. Short (LMW) poly I:C induce stronger IFN-ß expression in myeloid (macrophage and monocyte) cells. In contrast long (HMW) poly I:C preferably elicit higher IFNß expression in non-myeloid (fibroblast) cell. Therefore, MDA5 and RIG-1 plays an indispensable role in eliciting antiviral response in non- immune (fibroblast) host cell. Thus, stimulation of RLR pathway with suitable and potentially cell-type specific agonist molecules successfully elicit antiviral state in the host animal, with fibroblasts conferring a stronger antiviral state compared with the monocytes and macrophages.


Assuntos
Búfalos/imunologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Proteína DEAD-box 58/imunologia , Proteína DEAD-box 58/metabolismo , Resistência à Doença/imunologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/imunologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Interferon beta/imunologia , Interferon beta/metabolismo , Macrófagos Alveolares/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos Alveolares/imunologia , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , Cultura Primária de Células , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
17.
Food Chem ; 319: 126563, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172048

RESUMO

Enzymatic hydrolysis of proteins produces bioactive peptides that have the potential to provide health benefits. This study examined the inflammatory- and immune-modulating properties of a flavourzyme-derived sunflower protein hydrolysate (SPH) and peptides. The SPH was fractionated into <1, 1-3, 3-5, and >5 kDa peptides by membrane ultrafiltration. The SPH blunted IL-1ß stimulated NFκB activation and boosted IL-4/GM-CSF induced expression of surface markers CD14 and CD86, indicating maturation into a dendritic cell (DC) phenotype. Testing of SPH membrane ultrafiltration and HPLC fractions indicated that smaller and non-polar peptides were the most potent, respectively. Four novel peptides (YFVP, SGRDP, MVWGP and TGSYTEGWS) were identified and all of them blunted IL-1ß stimulated NFκB activation. The peptides also boosted IL-4/GM-CSF induction of CD14, while only MVWGP and TGSYTEGWS boosted the expression of CD86. MVWGP was the most potent immune-modulatory peptide across all cellular assays, which was attributed to the presence of a methionine residue.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Helianthus/metabolismo , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Monócitos/citologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Hidrolisados de Proteína/metabolismo
18.
Vascul Pharmacol ; 128-129: 106675, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200116

RESUMO

The transformation of macrophages to foam cells is a critical component in atherosclerotic lesion formation. Maslinic acid (MA), a novel natural pentacyclic triterpene, has cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. It is hypothesized that MA can suppress monocyte recruitment to endothelial cells and inhibit macrophage foam cells formation. Previous study shows that MA inhibits inflammatory effects induced by sPLA2-IIA, including foam cells formation. This study elucidates the regulatory effect of MA in monocyte recruitment, macrophage lipid accumulation and cholesterol efflux. Our findings demonstrate that MA inhibits THP-1 monocyte adhesion to HUVEC cells in a TNFα-dependent and independent manner, but it induces trans-endothelial migration marginally at low concentration. MA down-regulates both gene and protein expression on VCAM-1 and MCP-1 in HUVECs. We further showed that MA suppresses macrophage foam cells formation, as indicated from the Oil-Red-O staining and flow cytometric analysis of intracellular lipids accumulation. The effects observed may be attributed to the antioxidant properties of MA where it was shown to suppress CuSO4-induced lipid peroxidation. MA inhibits scavenger receptors SR-A and CD36 expression while enhancing cholesterol efflux. MA enhances cholesterol efflux transporters ABCA1 and ABCG1 genes expression marginally without inducing its protein expression. In this study, MA was shown to target important steps that contribute to foam cell formation, including its ability in reducing monocytes adhesion to endothelial cells and LDL peroxidation, down-regulating scavenger receptors expression as well as enhancing cholesterol efflux, which might be of great importance in the context of atherosclerosis prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colesterol/metabolismo , Células Espumosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Células Espumosas/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Células THP-1 , Migração Transendotelial e Transepitelial/efeitos dos fármacos , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
19.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 56, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ficus deltoidea (FD) has been shown to have antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and antioxidant properties. However, its effects on key events in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis are unknown. AIM: To investigate the endothelial activation, inflammation, monocyte-endothelial cell binding and oxidative stress effects of four FD varieties. METHODS: Human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) were incubated with different concentrations of aqueous ethanolic extracts of FD var. trengganuensis (FDT), var. kunstleri (FDK), var. deltoidea (FDD) and var. intermedia (FDI), together with LPS. Protein and gene expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (E-selectin), interleukin-6 (IL-6), Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p50 and p65 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were measured using ELISA and QuantiGene plex, respectively. Adhesion of monocyte to HCAEC and formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected by Rose Bengal staining and 2'-7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay. RESULTS: FDK exhibited the highest inhibition of biomarkers in relation to endothelial activation and inflammation, second in reducing monocyte binding (17.3%) compared to other varieties. FDK (25.6%) was also the most potent at decreasing ROS production. CONCLUSION: FD has anti-atherogenic effects, possibly mediated by NF-κB and eNOS pathways; with FDK being the most potent variety. It is potentially beneficial in mitigating atherogenesis.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ficus/química , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Vasos Coronários/citologia , Humanos , Inflamação , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(10): 5532-5541, 2020 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32079724

RESUMO

The role of stromal fibroblasts in chronic inflammation is unfolding. In rheumatoid arthritis, leukocyte-derived cytokines TNF and IL-17A work together, activating fibroblasts to become a dominant source of the hallmark cytokine IL-6. However, IL-17A alone has minimal effect on fibroblasts. To identify key mediators of the synergistic response to TNF and IL-17A in human synovial fibroblasts, we performed time series, dose-response, and gene-silencing transcriptomics experiments. Here we show that in combination with TNF, IL-17A selectively induces a specific set of genes mediated by factors including cut-like homeobox 1 (CUX1) and IκBζ (NFKBIZ). In the promoters of CXCL1, CXCL2, and CXCL3, we found a putative CUX1-NF-κB binding motif not found elsewhere in the genome. CUX1 and NF-κB p65 mediate transcription of these genes independent of LIFR, STAT3, STAT4, and ELF3. Transcription of NFKBIZ, encoding the atypical IκB factor IκBζ, is IL-17A dose-dependent, and IκBζ only mediates the transcriptional response to TNF and IL-17A, but not to TNF alone. In fibroblasts, IL-17A response depends on CUX1 and IκBζ to engage the NF-κB complex to produce chemoattractants for neutrophil and monocyte recruitment.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/fisiologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/fisiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/fisiologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocina CXCL1/genética , Quimiocina CXCL2/genética , Quimiocinas CXC/genética , Fatores Quimiotáticos/genética , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Interleucina-17/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/metabolismo , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/fisiologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Células Estromais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Líquido Sinovial , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Transcriptoma/efeitos da radiação , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA