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1.
J Sports Med Phys Fitness ; 59(9): 1593-1598, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central systolic blood pressure (cSBP), a measure of arterial stiffness, determines the afterload of the heart and provides greater prognostic significance regarding cardiovascular outcomes than peripheral systolic blood pressure (pSBP). Physical exercise is associated with an acute hypotensive effect on pSBP, but the significance of exercise on cSBP is missing. This study investigates the effect of a single exercise bout on pSBP and cSBP during a 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). METHODS: In 25 healthy male individuals (27.5±5.5 years) baseline pSBP and cSBP values were determined in a supine position using the oscillometric Mobil-O-Graph device. Afterward, they performed a maximum cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) on a bicycle ergometer. The 24-hour ABPM was launched 15 minutes after terminating CPET. RESULTS: Significant dipping of cSBP was found compared to baseline values in the first (-6.8 [-9.9 to -3.7] mmHg; P<0.001) second (-7.4 [-10.6 to -4.2] mmHg; P<0.001) and third hour (-6.4 [-11.5 to -1.3]; P=0.016) after exercise. Afterwards, cSBP continuously increases but remains significant reduced to baseline in the third (-6.4 [-11.5 to -1.3] mmHg; P=0.016), and fifth hour (-4.3 [-8.2 to -0.4] mmHg; P=0.033). There were only significant changes in pSBP compared to baseline values after 10 hours till the night period. The dipping pattern in the night period was similar in pSBP and cSBP. CONCLUSIONS: 24-h postexercise responses of pSBP and cSBP differs significantly. This suggests a different regulatory mechanism of exercise on the peripheral and central arteries that have further be elucidated.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Exercício/fisiologia , Adulto , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
2.
Hypertension ; 74(5): 1192-1199, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522619

RESUMO

Black Americans suffer disproportionately from hypertension and hypertensive heart disease. Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) is more predictive for cardiovascular complications than clinic BP; however, the relative abilities of clinic and out-of-office BP to predict left ventricular hypertrophy in black and white adults have not been established. Thus, we aimed to compare associations of out-of-office and clinic BP measurement with left ventricular hypertrophy by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging among non-Hispanic black and white adults. In this cross-sectional study, 1262 black and 927 white participants of the Dallas Heart Study ages 30 to 64 years underwent assessment of standardized clinic and out-of-office (research staff-obtained) BP and left ventricular mass index. In multivariable-adjusted analyses of treated and untreated participants, out-of-office BP was a stronger determinant of left ventricular hypertrophy than clinic BP (odds ratio per 10 mm Hg, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.34-1.64 for out-of-office systolic BP and 1.15 [1.04-1.28] for clinic systolic BP; 1.71 [1.43-2.05] for out-of-office diastolic BP, and 1.03 [0.86-1.24] for clinic diastolic BP). Non-Hispanic black race/ethnicity, treatment status, and lower left ventricular ejection fraction were also independent determinants of hypertrophy. Among treated Blacks, the differential association between out-of-office and clinic BP with hypertrophy was more pronounced than in treated white or untreated participants. In conclusion, protocol-driven supervised out-of-office BP monitoring provides important information that cannot be gleaned from clinic BP assessment alone. Our results underscore the importance of hypertension management programs outside the medical office to prevent hypertensive heart disease, especially in high-risk black adults. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00344903.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Teorema de Bayes , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/etnologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etnologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Texas
4.
Hypertension ; 74(4): 998-1004, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401878

RESUMO

The International Society of Peritoneal Dialysis recommends that adequate blood pressure (BP) assessment among patients on peritoneal dialysis should at least include measurements performed once-weekly at home and at each visit at clinic. However, the quality of evidence to support this guidance is suboptimal. Using ambulatory daytime BP as reference standard, we explored the diagnostic performance of clinic and home BP recordings in a cohort of 81 stable patients receiving peritoneal dialysis. BP was recorded using 3 different methodologies: (1) triplicate automated clinic BP recordings after a 5-minute seated rest with the validated monitor HEM 705 CP (Omron Healthcare); (2) 1-week averaged home BP recorded with a validated automated monitor on awaking and at bedtime; and (3) ambulatory BP monitoring with the Mobil-O-Graph device (IEM, Germany). The area under the curve of receiver operating characteristic curves in detection of ambulatory daytime systolic BP (SBP) ≥135 mm Hg was similar for clinic [area under the curve, 0.859; 95% CI, 0.776-0.941] and home SBP (area under the curve, 0.895; 95% CI, 0.815-0.976). In Bland-Altman analysis, clinic SBP overestimated daytime ambulatory SBP by 5.02 mm Hg with 95% limits of agreement ranging from -17.92 to 27.96 mm Hg. Similarly, home SBP overestimated daytime ambulatory SBP by 4.23 mm Hg, again with wide 95% limits of agreement (-16.05 to 24.51 mm Hg). These results show that 1-week averaged home SBP is of at least similar accuracy with standardized clinic SBP in diagnosing hypertension confirmed by ambulatory BP monitoring among patients on peritoneal dialysis.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Falência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Diálise Peritoneal , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 70(2)2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443094

RESUMO

Urocortin 2 (Ucn2) - corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 2 signalling has favourable effects in the cardiovascular system, including vasodilation, lowering of blood pressure and systemic peripheral resistance, increase in cardiac output and cardiac contractility, as well as cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Vasodilation and lowering of blood pressure seem to be very interesting and important effects, but their mechanism and interaction with the antihypertensive drugs have not been evaluated. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between Ucn2 concentration and antihypertensive therapy in patients with primary hypertension. We examined a group of 65 patients with primary hypertension receiving at least 3 antihypertensive drugs. In all of them plasma level of Ucn2, anthropometric measurements, biochemical tests, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), and echocardiography were performed. There were no differences in Ucn2 level related to beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers or diuretics, but we observed that in patients treated with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) (n = 52) serum Ucn2 levels were significantly higher than in patients treated with angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) (n = 13) (10.93 versus 5.56 ng/mL; P < 0.05). Moreover, we did not observe any differences in terms of blood pressure on ABPM, biochemical measurements, left ventricular mass index, or presence of diabetes. In addition, in a small subgroup receiving alpha-blockers we also found a lower level of Ucn2, with coexisting higher systolic blood pressure at night, higher left ventricle mass index (LVMI) and more frequent occurrences of diabetes compared to non-alpha-blockers. Our findings suggest that the hypotensive action of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade may be related to the urocortin system. Ucn2 may be an important element in the mosaic of blood pressure-lowering factors in patients treated for essential hypertension.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/metabolismo , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Urocortinas/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Hypertension ; 74(4): 776-783, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378104

RESUMO

The new American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline reclassified office blood pressure and proposed thresholds for ambulatory blood pressure (ABP). We derived outcome-driven ABP thresholds corresponding with the new office blood pressure categories. We performed 24-hour ABP monitoring in 11 152 participants (48.9% women; mean age, 53.0 years) representative of 13 populations. We determined ABP thresholds resulting in multivariable-adjusted 10-year risks similar to those associated with elevated office blood pressure (120/80 mm Hg) and stages 1 and 2 of office hypertension (130/80 and 140/90 mm Hg). Over 13.9 years (median), 2728 (rate per 1000 person-years, 17.9) people died, 1033 (6.8) from cardiovascular disease; furthermore, 1988 (13.8), 893 (6.0), and 795 (5.4) cardiovascular and coronary events and strokes occurred. Using a composite cardiovascular end point, systolic/diastolic outcome-driven thresholds indicating elevated 24-hour, daytime, and nighttime ABP were 117.9/75.2, 121.4/79.6, and 105.3/66.2 mm Hg. For stages 1 and 2 ambulatory hypertension, thresholds were 123.3/75.2 and 128.7/80.7 mm Hg for 24-hour ABP, 128.5/79.6 and 135.6/87.1 mm Hg for daytime ABP, and 111.7/66.2 and 118.1/72.5 mm Hg for nighttime ABP. ABP thresholds derived from other end points were similar. After rounding, approximate thresholds for elevated 24-hour, daytime, and nighttime ABP were 120/75, 120/80, and 105/65 mm Hg, and for stages 1 and 2, ambulatory hypertension 125/75 and 130/80 mm Hg, 130/80 and 135/85 mm Hg, and 110/65 and 120/70 mm Hg. Outcome-driven ABP thresholds corresponding to elevated blood pressure and stages 1 and 2 of hypertension are similar to those proposed by the current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , American Heart Association , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos
9.
Hypertension ; 74(3): 660-668, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352830

RESUMO

Increased short-term blood pressure (BP) variability is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with hypertension. The present study investigated the long-term prognostic significance of the short-term blood pressure variability in patients on hemodialysis. A total of 149 patients (53.0% male; mean age: 54.5±15.1 years) receiving regular hemodialysis for >6 months were enrolled. They completed a 44-hour (excluding the hemodialysis session) ambulatory BP monitoring and comprehensive hemodynamic assessments, including carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and pressure waveform decomposition (forward and backward wave amplitude). Blood pressure variability parameters, including average real variability (ARV) of systolic BP, diastolic BP, and pulse pressure (ARVp) during daytime, nighttime, and overall 44 hours were calculated. During a median follow-up of 14 years, 78 deaths (52.4%) were confirmed. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, none of the ambulatory BP parameters were predictive of mortality. In contrast, nighttime ARVp was consistently and significantly associated with all-cause mortality in multivariable Cox models adjusting for age, sex, albumin, hemodialysis treatment adequacy, and 44-hour systolic BP (continuous variable analysis, per 1-SD, hazard ratio=1.348; 95% CI, 1.029-1.767; categorical variable analysis, ≥8.5 versus <8.5 mm Hg; hazard ratio=1.825; 95% CI, 1.074-3.103). Forward wave amplitude and 44-hour systolic BP were identified as the 2 most important determinants of nighttime ARVp. Addition of nighttime ARVp to the base model significantly improved prediction of all-cause mortality (Net reclassification improvement =0.198; P=0.0012). In hemodialysis patients, increased short-term nighttime pulse pressure variability but not ambulatory BP levels were significantly predictive of long-term all-cause mortality.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea , Causas de Morte , Ritmo Circadiano , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Hipertensão/mortalidade , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Diálise Renal/métodos , Diálise Renal/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Hypertension ; 74(3): 652-659, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327263

RESUMO

Masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) in treated hypertensive patients is defined as controlled automated office blood pressure (BP; <135/85 mm Hg) in-clinic but uncontrolled out-of-clinic BP by ambulatory BP monitoring (awake [daytime] readings ≥135/85 mm Hg or 24-hour readings ≥130/80 mm Hg). To determine whether MUCH is attributable to antihypertensive medication nonadherence. One hundred eighty-four enrolled patients were confirmed to have controlled office BP; of these, 167 patients were with adequate 24-hour ambulatory BP recordings. Of 167 patients, 86 were controlled by in-clinic BP assessment but had uncontrolled ambulatory awake BP, indicative of MUCH. The remaining 81 had controlled in-clinic and ambulatory awake BP, consistent with true controlled hypertension. After exclusion of 9 patients with missing 24-hour urine collections, antihypertensive medication adherence was determined based on the detection of urinary drugs or drug metabolites by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Of the 81 patients with MUCH, 69 (85.2%) were fully adherent and 12 (14.8%) were partially adherent (fewer medications detected than prescribed). Of the 77 patients with true controlled hypertension, 69 (89.6%) were fully adherent with prescribed antihypertensive medications and 8 (10.4%) were partially adherent. None of the patients in either group were fully nonadherent. There was no statistically significant difference in complete or partial adherence between the MUCH and true controlled groups (P=0.403). Measurement of urinary drug and drug metabolite levels demonstrates a similarly high level of antihypertensive medication adherence in both MUCH and truly controlled hypertensive patients. These findings indicate that MUCH is not attributable to antihypertensive medication nonadherence.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/métodos , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Hipertensão Mascarada/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Mascarada/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento
11.
Complement Ther Med ; 45: 142-148, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331552

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the manipulation parameter of the twirling frequency in acupuncture affects the blood pressure when acupuncture is applied on the acupoints ST9 and LR3 in a human body. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled trial. INTERVENTIONS: A hundred and twenty patients with hypertension were randomized into four treatment groups. A twirling frequency of 120 twirls per minute or 60 twirls per minute were respectively applied on the acupoints ST9 or LR3. Each patient received five acupuncture sessions a week over a period of 12 weeks, with a follow-up period of a further12 weeks. The outcome was assessed by using an ambulatory blood pressure monitor. RESULTS: A hundred and twenty twirls per minute on ST9 could overall improve the BP (24hDBP, mSBP, mDBP, dDBP, nSBP and nDBP). Sixty twirls per minute on ST9 improved the 24hDBP, dSBP, dDBP and mDBP; 120 twirls per minute on LR3 did not show any anti-hypertensive effect, while 60 twirls per minute on LR3 improved the dSBP and dDBP. The results indicated that the acupuncture effect on BP, the onset of anti-hypertensive effect, the occurrence of the effect, and the duration of the effect depended on the frequency of needle manipulation on the same acupuncture point. CONCLUSIONS: As one of the important factors of the effects of acupuncture, the manipulation parameter's impact has its specificity for different acupoints. Thus, in the future, close attention needs to be paid to this clinically. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: Chi CTR-TRC-12002582.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Hipertensão/terapia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agulhas
12.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(3): 261-267, jul.-set. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023048

RESUMO

Os três estudos que tiveram importante influência na prática clínica de quem trabalha com hipertensão arterial foram os estudos SIMPLICITY HTN-3, PATHWAY 2 e SPRINT. O estudo SIMPLICITY HTN-3 pôs a dúvida um procedimento que já estava sendo utilizado na prática clínica, qual seja, denervação do nervo simpático renal através de ablação por ondas de radiofrequência. Foi o primeiro estudos com grupo controle que não mostrou diferença entre os desfechos específicos de controle da pressão arterial em pacientes com hipertensão resistente. Portanto, o estudo SIMPLICITY HTN 3 modificou a prática clínica no sentido de que todas as diretrizes de hipertensão são unânimes em afirmar que tal procedimento atualmente deva ser reservado para laboratórios específicos de investigação clínica do método e não deve ser empregado como opção estabelecida de tratamento. O estudo PATHWAY 2 consolida o uso do bloqueador de receptor de mineralocorticoides (espironolactona) como o quarto medicamento no fluxograma de tratamento da hipertensão arterial resistente. Os resultados foram tão impactantes que a diretriz europeia de hipertensão arterial mudou substancialmente a orientação da sequência farmacológica do tratamento. Por fim, o estudo SPRINT demonstrou a necessidade de intervenção em pacientes com hipertensão arterial com valores pressóricos abaixo de 140/90 mmHg na dependência da quantidade de risco adicional dos pacientes. Os resultados do estudo SPRINT motivaram alterações ou inclusões de seus dados em várias diretrizes nacionais e internacionais, tais como Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia, American Heart Association e European Society of Cardiology


The three studies that have had an important influence on the clinical practice of who works with arterial hypertension were the SIMPLICITY HTN-3, PATHWAY 2 and SPRINT studies. The SIMPLICITY HTN-3 study raised doubts around a procedure that was already being used in clinical practice, the denervation of the sympathetic renal nerve through radiofrequency wave ablation. It was the first study with a control group that did not show a difference between the specific blood pressure control outcomes in patients with resistant hypertension. Therefore, the Simplicity HTN 3 Study modified clinical practice in the sense that all hypertension guidelines are unanimous in stating that currently such a procedure should be reserved for specific clinical investigation laboratories researching the method and should not be used as an established treatment option. The PATHWAY2 study consolidated the use of the mineralocorticoid receptor blocker (spironolactone) as the fourth drug in the resistant arterial hypertension treatment flowchart. The results were so impactful that the European guideline for arterial hypertension changed its orientation around the pharmacological sequence of resistant hypertension treatment substantially. Finally, the SPRINT study demonstrated the need for intervention in patients with arterial hypertension with pressure values below 140/90 mmHg, depending on the amount of additional cardiovascular risk in those patients. The results of the SPRINT study promoted changes to or inclusions of its data in various national and international guidelines, such as the Brazilian Society of Cardiology, the American Heart Association and the European Society of Cardiology


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Hipertensão/terapia , Espironolactona , Guias como Assunto/normas , Doxazossina , Bisoprolol , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Pressão Arterial , Anti-Hipertensivos
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(4): 235-245, jun 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046188

RESUMO

The medical social significance of the arterial hypertension (AH) in the world is determined by its high prevalence, which allows to call it a non-infectious pandemic of today. The AH still remains the most common chronic disease that triggers the cardiovascular continuum, significantly reduces the body's adaptive capacity, worsens the living standards for people of socially minded age, and represents the leading global risk of increased cardiovascular mortality. The purpose of the study was comparison of informative value of various methods for measuring the arterial blood pressure (ABP) (office-based, home-based using electronic apps, and daily) in order to improve the risk assessment of the condition and monitoring the treatment efficiency for the AH patients. The method of qualitative and quantitative analysis of scientific literature and public online sources was used in the study. It has been established that the ABP analysis is an important tool to prevent the negative consequences of the AH. The results of the experimental study have revealed that hourly home-based ABP monitoring using a mobile electronic app is more informative than monitoring at long intervals, and provides information which is close to the average daily indicators obtained in the daily ABP monitoring.


Assuntos
Humanos , Análise Quantitativa/prevenção & controle , Análise Qualitativa/prevenção & controle , Doença Crônica/mortalidade , Epidemiologia Experimental , Resultado do Tratamento , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Hipertensão/prevenção & controle , Hipertensão/terapia
14.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 19(7): 604-610, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044515

RESUMO

AIM: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased variability in nocturnal blood pressure (BP). Calcium channel blockers (CCB) are superior to other classes of antihypertensives in decreasing BP variability. We investigated whether OSA severity is associated with nocturnal BP variability in older hypertensive patients treated with CCB. METHODS: We measured home systolic and diastolic BP and pulse rate (PR) automatically during sleep at an interval of an hour once a week using an electronic sphygmomanometer in 29 hypertensive patients (aged ≥65 years) receiving CCB. We calculated the coefficient of variation (CV) from four consecutive measurements. All patients underwent a home-based portable sleep study. RESULTS: We found no difference in PR, BP or CV of BP between the patients with no-to-mild OSA and with moderate-to-severe OSA, categorized by the respiratory disturbance index (RDI) and 3% oxygen desaturation index (ODI). The CV of PR in patients with moderate-to-severe OSA was higher than the patients with no-to-mild OSA categorized by 3% ODI (P = 0.01). Body mass index was correlated with RDI and 3% ODI (r = 0.56 and 0.43, respectively). The CV of BP did not correlate to RDI or 3% ODI. The CV of PR was positively correlated both with RDI and with 3% ODI (r = 0.41 and 0.42, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The severity of OSA was associated with PR variability, but not with BP variability, in older patients receiving CCB. Our results suggest the need for future studies to determine whether CCB can suppress the influence of OSA on BP fluctuation during sleep. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2019; 19: 604-610.


Assuntos
Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Frequência Cardíaca , Hipertensão , Polissonografia/métodos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Idoso , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Determinação da Frequência Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia
15.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 32(5): 489-498, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042642

RESUMO

Background Females with Turner syndrome (TS) carry an elevated risk of aortic dissection. The objective of the study was to assess the biophysical properties of the aorta and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in females with TS and compare these findings to those in healthy female age-matched controls. Methods This was a prospective cohort study including subjects aged 8-25 years. Utilizing two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography and Doppler, proximal aortic dimensions were measured and biophysical properties of the aorta were calculated including pulse wave velocity (PWV), arterial pressure-strain elastic modulus and stiffness index. Resting BP was measured and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) was performed. Results Of 23 TS patients and 46 controls (median age 16.3 years), aortic annulus, sinus of Valsalva and sinotubular (ST) junction diameters, as well as left ventricular (LV) mass, were significantly greater in TS patients compared with controls when scaled for height2.7, but not for body surface area (BSA), although ascending aorta diameter was greater when scaled for both. Median PWV was faster in TS patients compared to controls (451 vs. 360 cm/s) while arterial pressure-strain elastic modulus and stiffness index were similar. Resting BP was abnormal in seven out of 22 patients and ABPM was abnormal in 16 out of 21 patients. Conclusions Young patients with TS had dilated proximal aortas when scaled for height2.7 and stiffer aortas when compared with healthy female age-matched controls. Moreover, resting BP underdiagnosed pre-hypertension and hypertension compared to ABPM. These findings are consistent with the presence of a primary aortopathy in TS.


Assuntos
Aorta/patologia , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea , Medição de Risco/métodos , Síndrome de Turner/fisiopatologia , Rigidez Vascular , Adolescente , Adulto , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Health Psychol ; 38(10): 925-935, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous literature has shown an inconsistent relationship between physical activity and stressor-evoked blood pressure reactivity. Use of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may facilitate detecting such a relationship. In this study, the moderating effects of regular physical activity on the magnitude of ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) responses to psychosocial stressors experienced in daily life were examined. METHOD: Four hundred seventy-seven healthy working adults (ages 30-54) provided ABP readings and recorded their daily experiences, using electronic diaries (ED), over 4 monitoring days. Measures of momentary Task Strain (high demand, low control) and Social Conflict (rating of recent social interaction quality) were used as indices of stressor exposure, and an accelerometry device was used to create 2 indices of physical activity: weekly average and recent (30 min prior to each ED interview). Multilevel models were used to examine the moderating between- and within-person effects of physical activity on ABP fluctuations corresponding with the momentary psychosocial stressors. RESULTS: Weekly physical activity moderated the effects of ABP responses to Task Strain (systolic blood pressure [SBP]: p = .033; diastolic blood pressure [DBP]: p = .028) and Social Conflict (DBP: p = .020), with significant increases in SBP and DBP shown for less physically active individuals but not for more physically active individuals. Similarly, recent physical activity moderated within-person DBP responses to Task Strain (p = .025), with greater DBP increases following less active periods. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that weekly and recent physical activity may moderate the effects of ABP responses to daily psychosocial stress. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Exercício/psicologia , Psicologia/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Hypertension ; 74(1): 56-62, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104565

RESUMO

In the PAMELA study (Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate e Loro Associazioni), clinical variables, an echocardiogram, as well as office and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) were simultaneously measured at baseline and after a 10-year follow-up. The study design allowed us to assess the value of masked hypertension (MH) as a predictor of new-onset left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The present analysis included 803 participants without LVH at baseline (left ventricular mass index <115 g/m2 in men and <100 g/m2 in women). Based on office and 24-hour mean ABP values, subjects were divided into 3 groups: normal subjects (normotensive, office blood pressure [BP] <140/90 mm Hg and 24-hour mean ABP <130/80 mm Hg), MH (office BP, normal, and 24-hour mean ABP, elevated), and sustained hypertension (office and 24-hour BP, both elevated). At entry, 57 of 803 subjects fulfilled diagnostic criteria for MH (7.1%); 182 participants developed LVH (22.6%). Compared with subjects with normal in-office and out-of-office BP, the risk of new-onset LVH was greater in MH (odds ratio, 2.22; CI, 1.11-4.46, P=0.0250) after adjustment for potential confounders. This was also the case for the absolute increase of left ventricular mass index. Our study provides a new piece of evidence that MH, identified by office and ABP values, is associated with an increased risk of new-onset LVH. Moreover, our findings convey the notion that office BP may inaccurately estimate the risk of incident LVH in the general population.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Mascarada/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Mascarada/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Itália , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Sobreviventes , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Hypertension ; 74(1): 137-144, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104566

RESUMO

Morning blood pressure (BP) is recommended to be assessed by either 24-hour ambulatory or home BP monitoring. By which methods morning BP assessed is more reproducible and more closely associated with vascular injury remains unknown. We, therefore, addressed this issue in 1049 referred untreated outpatients (51.9% women; average age, 51 years) who had performed 24-hour ambulatory and 7-day home BP monitoring and vascular evaluations. Irrespective of the assessment methods, morning BPs were all significantly ( P≤0.027) associated with the arterial measures. The partial correlation coefficients of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio with home morning BPs were greater than those with the ambulatory morning pressures among the first 2 hours after awakening (0.21-0.37 versus 0.15-0.24; P<0.05). The associations with home morning systolic BP remained significant ( P≤0.002) after full adjustment for evening BP, whereas those with ambulatory morning BPs became nonsignificant after full adjustment for 24-hour BP except that of the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity with ambulatory morning (6:00-10:00) systolic BP. Of the 135 subjects who had both home and repeated 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring within 1 month, the coefficients of variation were ≈11% for ambulatory morning BPs and 5% for home self-measurements. In conclusion, morning BP, irrespective of the assessment methods and definitions, was generally reproducible and significantly associated with vascular indices. Nevertheless, home morning BP might be preferred than ambulatory measurements because of better reproducibility and stronger correlation with vascular indices.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , China , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/epidemiologia
19.
J Fr Ophtalmol ; 42(7): 739-745, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104874

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To obtain simultaneous 24-hour contact lens voltage and systemic arterial blood pressure values with the Sensimed Triggerfish system and Holter monitoring device. METHODS: Ten primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and 8 pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PXG) patients were included in the study. The Sensimed Triggerfish contact lens device was used to calculate the 24-hour IOP, and a Holter sphygmomanometer device was used for simultaneous 24-hour blood pressure measurements. We define the 8:00 am-11:00 pm period measurements as diurnal values and the other measurements as nocturnal values. RESULTS: The mean nocturnal systolic values (nocturnal SBP 120.5±3.4 for POAG and 122.8±5.3mmHg for PXG) and diastolic BP (nocturnal DBP 70.2±1.9 for POAG and 68.1±1.2mmHg for PXG) were lower than the diurnal (diurnal SBP 134.6±5.3 for POAG, 145.9±41.7mmHg for PXG, diurnal DBP 79.4±5.8 for POAG and 78.6±5.1mmHg for PXG) values, and these differences were statistically significant in both groups (P=0.001 in DBP in PXG and P<0.001 for other values). In addition, nocturnal CL voltage values (228.8±41.1 for POAG and 214.3±47.0mVEq for PXG) were higher than the diurnal values (55.8±77.2 for POAG and 145.9±41.7mVEq for PXG) in the POAG and PXG groups, and these were statistically significant as well (P<0.001 for all). In the POAG and PXG groups, CL voltage had a statistically significant negative correlation with systolic (respectively, r: -0.248, P=0.001 and r: -0.272, P˂0.001) and diastolic (respectively, r: -0.115, P=0.036 and r: -0.160, P=0.028) BP values. CONCLUSION: We observed that CL voltage values rose during the nocturnal period, with a concomitant decrease in systolic and diastolic BP.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Síndrome de Exfoliação/fisiopatologia , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/fisiopatologia , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Tonometria Ocular , Idoso , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/instrumentação , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Monitores de Pressão Arterial , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Síndrome de Exfoliação/diagnóstico , Feminino , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Tonometria Ocular/instrumentação , Tonometria Ocular/métodos
20.
Indian Heart J ; 71(1): 91-97, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000190

RESUMO

Being one of the most widely prevalent diseases throughout the world, hypertension has emerged as one of the leading causes of global premature morbidity and mortality. Hence, blood pressure (BP) measurements are essential for physicians in the diagnosis and management of hypertension. Current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines recommend initiating antihypertensive medications on the basis of office BP readings. However, office BP readings provide a snapshot evaluation of the patient's BP, which might not reflect patient's true BP, with the possibility of being falsely elevated or falsely low. Recently, there is ample evidence to show that ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is a better predictor of major cardiovascular events than BP measurements at clinic settings. ABPM helps in reducing the number of possible false readings, along with the added benefit of understanding the dynamic variability of BP. This article will focus on the significance of ambulatory BP, its advantages and limitations compared with the standard office BP measurement and a brief outlook on its use and interpretation to diagnose and treat hypertension.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Cooperação do Paciente , Humanos
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