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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22884, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120832

RESUMO

Delirium is a neuropsychiatric syndrome commonly encountered in critically ill patients, and systemic inflammation has been strongly implicated to underlie its pathophysiology. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) for delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU).In this retrospective observational study, we analyzed the clinical and laboratory data of 319 ICU patients from October 2016 to December 2017. Using the Locally Weighted Scatterplot Smoothing technique, a PLR knot was detected at a value of approximately 100. Logistic regression was used to investigate the association between the PLR and delirium.Of the 319 patients included in this study, 29 (9.1%) were diagnosed with delirium. In the delirium group, the duration of mechanical ventilation was significantly longer than that in the no-delirium group (40.2 ±â€Š65.5 vs. 19.9 ±â€Š26.5 hours, respectively; P < .001). A multiple logistic regression analysis showed that PLR > 100 (odds ratio [OR]: 1.003, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.001-1.005), age (OR: 2.76, 95% CI: 1.110-6.861), and the ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to the inspired oxygen fraction (OR: 0.996, 95% CI: 0.992-0.999) were independent predictors of delirium.In our study, a high PLR value on ICU admission was associated with a higher incidence of delirium. Owing to easy calculability, the PLR could be a useful delirium predictive index in ICUs, thereby enabling early interventions to be implemented.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/citologia , Estado Terminal/psicologia , Delírio/sangue , Linfócitos/citologia , Idoso , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Delírio/diagnóstico , Delírio/epidemiologia , Delírio/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Inalação/fisiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigênio/análise , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239930, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In our clinic, a substantial number of patients present with transtibial residual limb pain of no specific somatic origin. Silicone liner induced tissue compression may reduce blood flow, possibly causing residual limb pain. Thus, as a first step we investigated if the liner itself has an effect on transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2). METHODS: Persons with unilateral transtibial amputation and residual limb pain of unknown origin were included. Medical history, including residual limb pain, was recorded, and the SF-36 administered. Resting TcPO2 levels were measured in the supine position and without a liner at 0, 10, 20 and 30 minutes using two sensors: one placed in the Transverse plane over the tip of the Tibia End (= TTE), the other placed in the Sagittal plane, distally over the Peroneal Compartment (= SPC). Measurements were repeated with specially prepared liners avoiding additional pressure due to sensor placement. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS. RESULTS: Twenty persons (9 women, 11 men) with a mean age of 68.65 years (range 47-86 years) participated. The transtibial amputation occurred on average 43 months prior to study entry (range 3-119 months). With liner wear, both sensors measured TcPO2 levels that were significantly lower than those measured without a liner (TTE: p < 0.001; SPC: p = 0.002) after 10, 20 and 30 minutes. No significant differences were found between TcPO2 levels over time between the sensors. There were no significant associations between TcPO2 levels and pain, smoking status, age, duration of daily liner use, mobility level, and revision history. CONCLUSION: Resting TcPO2 levels decreased significantly while wearing a liner alone, without a prosthetic socket. Further studies are required to investigate the effect of liner wear on exercise TcPO2 levels.


Assuntos
Cotos de Amputação/fisiopatologia , Amputação , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , Membro Fantasma/sangue , Descanso , Tíbia/cirurgia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações , Membro Fantasma/etiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Silicones
3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(16): 15946-15953, 2020 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) is the virus responsible for the coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) pandemic. Despite the extensive studies aiming to understand the pathology of COVID-19, the clinicopathological characteristics and risk factors associated with COVID-19 remain mostly unclear. In this study, we assessed the clinical course and features of COVID-19 patients. FINDINGS: There were 59 patients (54.1%) that had no fever. One-hundred(91.7%) patients required oxygen therapy, which improved percutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO2). Seventy-two (66.1%) patients aged over 60; these patients were more likely to develop respiratory symptoms. Only 13(11.9%) patients were positive for anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid, and computed tomography (CT) findings. We found significant differences in age, respiratory symptoms, and heart rates between patients with and without underlying conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that oxygen plays an important role in the treatment of COVID-19 patients and that age and underlying diseases are significant risk factors for COVID-19. Most COVID-19 patients have no fever, and CT provides higher detection rates than antibody- and nucleic acid-based detection methods. METHODS: We analyzed data from 109 confirmed COVID-19 cases. We compared the clinicopathological characteristic of patients stratified according to age and underlying diseases, as well as assessed the detection rates of different diagnostic methods.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos
4.
BMJ Open ; 10(7): e038555, 2020 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699167

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is an outbreak of COVID-19 worldwide. As there is no effective therapy or vaccine yet, rigorous implementation of traditional public health measures such as isolation and quarantine remains the most effective tool to control the outbreak. When an asymptomatic individual with COVID-19 exposure is being quarantined, it is necessary to perform temperature and symptom surveillance. As such surveillance is intermittent in nature and highly dependent on self-discipline, it has limited effectiveness. Advances in biosensor technologies made it possible to continuously monitor physiological parameters using wearable biosensors with a variety of form factors. OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential of using wearable biosensors to continuously monitor multidimensional physiological parameters for early detection of COVID-19 clinical progression. METHOD: This randomised controlled open-labelled trial will involve 200-1000 asymptomatic subjects with close COVID-19 contact under mandatory quarantine at designated facilities in Hong Kong. Subjects will be randomised to receive a remote monitoring strategy (intervention group) or standard strategy (control group) in a 1:1 ratio during the 14 day-quarantine period. In addition to fever and symptom surveillance in the control group, subjects in the intervention group will wear wearable biosensors on their arms to continuously monitor skin temperature, respiratory rate, blood pressure, pulse rate, blood oxygen saturation and daily activities. These physiological parameters will be transferred in real time to a smartphone application called Biovitals Sentinel. These data will then be processed using a cloud-based multivariate physiology analytics engine called Biovitals to detect subtle physiological changes. The results will be displayed on a web-based dashboard for clinicians' review. The primary outcome is the time to diagnosis of COVID-19. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval has been obtained from institutional review boards at the study sites. Results will be published in peer-reviewed journals.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Aplicativos Móveis , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Quarentena , Smartphone , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Betacoronavirus , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Computação em Nuvem , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Frequência Cardíaca , Hong Kong , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Taxa Respiratória , Temperatura Cutânea , Telemedicina
5.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 605-611, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691691

RESUMO

We evaluated the outcome of multimodal supervised exercise training (SET) on walking performances and different hemodynamic parameters (ankle/toe-brachial index [ABI/TBI], and transcutaneous oxygen pressure [TcPO2]) in patients with symptomatic lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). Whether hemodynamic parameters predict walking performances at baseline and following SET was also investigated. Fontaine stage II PAD's patients following a 3-month SET were retrospectively included. Hemodynamic parameters and walking performances (pain-free [PFWD], maximal [MWD], and 6-minute [6MWD] walking distance) were measured in each patient. Eighty-five symptomatic PAD patients were included. Following SET, PFWD, MWD, and 6MWD significantly increased (+142%, +94%, +14%; respectively; P ≤ .001). Toe-brachial index significantly increased (MD: 0.04 ± 0.01; P = .02), whereas ABI and TcPO2 did not change significantly. At baseline, patients with higher TBI and TcPO2 performed significantly better (PFWD: ß = 0.25, P = .01 for TBI; PFWD: ß = 0.30, P = .005, and MWD: ß = 0.22, P = .04, for TcPO2). No significant relationship was observed at baseline between ABI and walking performances. Baseline values of hemodynamic parameters did not significantly correlate with changes in walking performances. Multimodal SET significantly improves walking performances. Following SET, no significant changes in ABI and TcPO2 were observed. Toe-brachial index values significantly improved after SET. However, this increase was very modest and its clinical relevance remains questionable. Although baseline TBI and supine TcPO2 values predict baseline walking performances, no association was found between baseline hemodynamic parameters and changes in walking performances following SET.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício , Hemodinâmica , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Caminhada , Idoso , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Treinamento de Resistência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
6.
Surg Clin North Am ; 100(4): 807-822, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681878

RESUMO

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects many individuals worldwide and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Controversy exists on whether or not to screen asymptomatic patients. Further complicating this is that many patients with a chronic lower extremity wound are often asymptomatic. PAD and traditional noninvasive vascular studies may be inaccurate in providing a correct diagnosis. A review of current and novel vascular assessment modalities along with their benefits and limitations are presented here. A combination of these vascular assessments may help improve accuracy in diagnosis, providing timely care to those patients in need.


Assuntos
Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Humanos , Pele/irrigação sanguínea , Dermatopatias Vasculares/fisiopatologia , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos , Sístole/fisiologia , Cicatrização/fisiologia
7.
Vasc Med ; 25(3): 235-245, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32362209

RESUMO

Patients with critical limb ischemia have nonhealing wounds and/or ischemic rest pain and are at high risk for amputation and mortality. Accurate evaluation of foot perfusion should help avoid unnecessary amputation, guide revascularization strategies, and offer efficient surveillance for patency. Our aim is to review current modalities of assessing foot perfusion in the context of the practical clinical management of patients with critical limb ischemia.


Assuntos
Angiografia , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Pé/irrigação sanguínea , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler , Imagem de Perfusão , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 44(4): 233-228, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-190575

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Los valores de capnometría durante la resucitación son un factor predictor de la evolución de los riñones obtenidos a partir de donantes en asistolia no controlada. DISEÑO: Cohorte de comienzo retrospectivo de 37 donantes en asistolia y cohorte de validación de 55 trasplantados de riñón, entre 2013-2017. Ámbito: Población atendida por el servicio de urgencias y derivada al Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, como potenciales donantes en asistolia no controlada. PACIENTES: Cincuenta y cinco trasplantados renales con hemodiálisis, procedentes de donantes en asistolia no controlada. INTERVENCIONES: Determinaciones de capnometría y capnografía en pacientes candidatos a donación en asistolia no controlada. Variables: Calores de capnometría inicial y en el momento de la transferencia en el hospital para su comparación con la viabilidad de los riñones extraídos; fallo renal y retraso en función renal. RESULTADOS: Treinta y siete potenciales donantes de los que se consiguen 30 utilizados, de los cuales se trasplantan 55 riñones. El resto de ellos fueron descartados por mala perfusión o signos de isquemia. Se encontró una asociación (p = 0,016) entre valores de capnometría durante la resucitación en los donantes utilizados (μ, = 22,8 mmHg) frente a los donantes no utilizados para el trasplante (μ, = 17,35 mmHg). CONCLUSIONES: Se ha demostrado que los valores de capnometría durante las maniobras de resucitación ofrecen un marcador a tener en cuenta en relación con la viabilidad de los órganos a trasplantar en la donación en asistolia no controlada


OBJECTIVE: The capnometry values during resuscitation are an evolutive predictor of kidneys obtained from uncontrolled non-heart beating donors. DESIGN: The study comprised a retrospective onset cohort of 37 non-heart beating donors and a validation cohort of 55 trasplanted kidneys in the period 2013-2017. Scope: The population served by the emergency service and referred to Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre (Madrid, Spain) as potential uncontrolled non-heart beating donors. PATIENTS: A total of 55 renal transplant patients subjected to hemodialysis and with grafts from uncontrolled non-heart beating donors. INTERVENTIONS: Capnometry and capnography measurements in potential uncontrolled non-heart beating donors. Variables: Capnometry values recorded initially and at transfer in hospital for comparison with the viability of the extracted kidneys; renal failure and delayed renal function. RESULTS: A total of 55 out of 74 extracted kidneys were trasplanted (74.3%). The rest were ruled out due to poor perfusion or signs of ischemia. An association was observed (P = .016) between the capnometry values during resuscitation in the grafted kidneys (μ = 22.8 mmHg) and in the kidneys discarded for transplantation (μ = 17.35 mmHg). CONCLUSIONS: Capnometry during resuscitation serves as a marker to be taken into account in relation to the viability of the trasplanted organs in uncontrolled non-heart beating donors


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , Transplante de Rim , Parada Cardíaca/complicações , Doadores de Tecidos , Estudos de Coortes , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise Estatística
9.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 26(1): 16-21, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240131

RESUMO

The back of the foot is a standard region for measuring transcutaneous oxygen tension (tcpO2) with a reliably determined threshold of ischaemia, but such measurement reflects blood supply of only a portion of angiosomes of the foot. Determining the reference values of tcpO2 in other regions of the lower extremity is of current importance. However, measuring the tcpO2 level on the plantar surface and in some other regions not uncommonly reveal a phenomenon of its steady decrease instead of formation of a plateau. The purpose of the present study was to analyse the frequency of the phenomenon of a steady decrease in ptcO2 level while performing transcutaneous oximetry in various zones of the lower extremity. We retrospectively analysed the results of a total of 160 measurements of tcpO2 in 35 patients with diabetes mellitus. The patients' mean age amounted to 68 (47-87) years, with the duration of diabetes mellitus averaging 14 (1-24) years. The male-to-female ratio was 60:40. Seventy-seven percent of patients had foot ulcers/wounds, 34% of patients had a history of previously endured revascularization. The examination was carried out in the dorsal, plantar, medial plantar regions of the foot, on the medial surface of the crus and in the subclavian region, using the TCM 400 monitoring device (Radiometer, Denmark). The measurements were performed by an experienced operator in strict accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. We evaluated the average value of tcpO2 between the 15th and 19th minutes of measurement and the peculiarities of the tpcO2 curve (plateau/increase/decrease of the value) within this time interval. The mean tcpO2 value in the medial plantar region was significantly higher than that on the back of the foot: 34 (3-70) versus 22 (1-59) mm Hg, p=0.003. A portion of measurements demonstrated a steady decrease in the tpcO2 during the measurement up to the 40th minute. Complying with the stable plateau phase criteria we had developed were 92% of measurements in the subclavian region, 100% - in the middle third of the crus, 76% - on the back of the foot, 77% - in the medial plantar region and 43% - on the plantar surface of the foot. CONCLUSIONS: 1) the revealed phenomenon of a steady decrease of tcpO2 in some patients needs to be taken into consideration in clinical practice and deserves further study; 2) the nature of this phenomenon is unclear, with a possible effect of skin creams on the results of the measurements; 3) it is advisable to include into the functions of the devices for transcutaneous oximetry an algorithm for confirmation of the true phase of the plateau and calculation of the mean tcpO2 value for a chosen period; 4) despite the need for measurement of tcpO2 in the 'alternative zones' it is necessary to thoroughly study the reliability of the data in these zones and to determine the normal values of the parameter separately for each of them.


Assuntos
Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Diabetes Mellitus , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 134: 110042, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302883

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In pediatric airway surgery, SponTaneous Respiration using IntraVEnous anesthesia and Hi-flow nasal oxygen (STRIVE Hi) has not been well explored. Here, we report our experience of using STRIVE Hi in endoscopic evaluations and surgeries of the pediatric airway. METHODS: This retrospective review was based on 45 airway procedures conducted under STRIVE Hi, performed by a single surgeon at a single institute from May 2017 to September 2018. After induction of anesthesia, continuous infusion with propofol and remifentanil was provided to ensure an adequate level of anesthesia and supply of humidified oxygen via a nasal cannula. Monitoring was conducted using a transcutaneous CO2 sensor and a pulse oximeter, and the oxygen reserve and bispectral indexes were measured. No muscle relaxant was administered. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 16.0 months (range: 1-215 months) and the median weight was 10.2 kg (range: 2.4-38.5 kg). The median duration of spontaneous respiration was min 40 (range: 10-140 min). The airway procedures included diagnostic microlaryngoscopy, tracheocutaneous fistula excision, balloon dilation, supraglottoplasty, laryngeal cleft repair, injection laryngoplasty, papilloma excision, and subglottic cyst removal. During these procedures, STRIVE Hi facilitated evaluation of dynamic obstruction of the airway and the immediate outcome of surgical treatment and provided a good surgical view. Intubation and the termination of spontaneous respiration were required in only five patients. CONCLUSIONS: STRIVE Hi is an effective and feasible anesthesia option in pediatric airway surgery. It provides unobstructed surgical access and is applicable to a wide range of procedures.


Assuntos
Anestesia Intravenosa/métodos , Cânula , Doenças da Laringe/cirurgia , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Doenças da Traqueia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Anestésicos Intravenosos/uso terapêutico , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dilatação , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Intubação Intratraqueal/estatística & dados numéricos , Laringoplastia/métodos , Laringoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Oximetria , Propofol/uso terapêutico , Remifentanil/uso terapêutico , Respiração , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(12): e19525, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the arterial oxygen partial pressure (PaO2) at defined time points during preoxygenation and to compare high-flow heated humidified nasal oxygenation with standard preoxygenation using oxygen insufflation via a facemask for at least 5 minutes, before intubation during induction of general anesthesia. METHODS: This randomized, single-blinded, prospective study will be conducted in patients undergoing head and neck surgery. After standard monitoring, the artery catheter at the radial artery or dorsalis pedis artery will be placed and arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) for baseline values will be performed simultaneously. Each group will be subjected to 1 of 2 preoxygenation methods (high-flow nasal cannula or simple facemask) for 5 minutes, and ABGA will be performed twice. After confirming intubation, we will start mechanical ventilation and check the vital signs and perform the final ABGA. DISCUSSION: This trial aims to examine the trajectory of PaO2 levels during the whole preoxygenation procedure and after intubation. We hypothesize that preoxygenation with the high-flow nasal cannula will be superior to that with the face mask. STUDY REGISTRATION: This trial was registered with the Clinical Trial Registry (NCT03896906; ClinicalTrials.gov).


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/tendências , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , Cabeça/cirurgia , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/tendências , Pescoço/cirurgia , Gasometria , Cânula/normas , Cânula/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Máscaras/normas , Máscaras/estatística & dados numéricos , Ventilação não Invasiva/instrumentação , Ventilação não Invasiva/métodos , Oxigênio/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Respiração Artificial/instrumentação , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular/normas
12.
Diving Hyperb Med ; 50(1): 34-42, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187616

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Divers with suspected decompression illness require high concentration oxygen (O2). There are many different O2 delivery devices, with few data comparing their performance. This study evaluated O2 delivery, using tissue O2 partial pressure (PtcO2), in healthy divers breathing O2 via three different delivery devices. METHODS: Twelve divers had PtcO2 measured at six limb sites. Participants breathed O2 from: a demand valve using an intraoral mask with a nose clip (NC); a medical O2 rebreathing system (MORS) with an oronasal mask and with an intraoral mask; and a non-rebreather mask (NRB) at 15 or 10 L·min⁻¹ O2 flow. In-line inspired O2 FIO2) and nasopharyngeal FIO2 were measured. Participants provided subjective ratings of device comfort, ease of breathing, and overall ease of use. RESULTS: PtcO2 values and nasopharyngeal FIO2 were similar with the demand valve with intraoral mask, MORS with both masks and the NRB at 15 L·min⁻¹. PtcO2 and nasopharyngeal FIO2 values were significantly lower with the NRB at 10 L·min⁻¹. The NRB was rated as the most comfortable to wear, easiest to breathe with, and overall the easiest to use. CONCLUSION: Of the commonly available devices promoted for O2 delivery to injured divers, similar PtcO2 and nasopharyngeal FIO2 values were obtained with the three devices tested: MORS with an oronasal or intraoral mask, demand valve with an intraoral mask and NRB at a flow rate of 15 L·min⁻¹. PtcO2 and nasopharyngeal FIO2 values were significantly lower when the flow rate using the NRB was decreased to 10 L·min⁻¹.


Assuntos
Oxigênio/análise , Adulto , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Doença da Descompressão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Máscaras , Oxigenoterapia , Respiração
13.
Vasa ; 49(3): 230-234, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026753

RESUMO

Background: Severity of limb ischemia in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients is usually evaluated by clinical assessment and toe blood pressure (TBP) or transcutaneous oxygen pressures (TcPO 2). Indocyanin green angiography (IGA) is a promising tool generating a foot cartography of skin microvascular perfusion. However, there is no consensus about the fluorescence parameters that should be used to evaluate ischemia. The purpose of this cross-sectional evaluation and 3-month clinical follow-up was to determine the best fluorescence parameter for the evaluation of severe PAD, using TBP as reference. Patients and methods: IGA was realized in patients with clinical suspicion of CLI in addition to TBP and TcPO 2. Parameters from the time intensity fluorescence curve measured on the foot were compared with TBP (primary reference), and with TcPO2. Clinical outcomes (amputation, revascularization, death) were recorded at 3 months follow-up. Results: Thirty-four patients were included and IGA could be analysed in 29 of them. When all limbs were studied, no significant correlation was found between any of the measured fluorescence parameters (saturation time, ingress slope, amplitude, delay) and TBP pressure neither TCPO2. In the limbs with CLI, a significant correlation between the TBP and amplitude on the forefoot was found. According to the outcome, none of the fluorescence parameters showed a significant prognostic value in contrast to the significant results for TBP and TcPO2. Conclusions: In this study, quantitative analysis of IGA parameters did not show any prognostic value, nor was there any significant statistical association with well-established prognostic parameters such as TBP and TcPO 2 in patients with suspected CLI. A correlation was found between amplitude and TBP in patients with CLI. Topographical information such as perfusion heterogeneity was not evaluated and remains a valuable target to be investigated.


Assuntos
Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Isquemia , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos Transversais , Angiofluoresceinografia , Humanos , Dedos do Pé
14.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 75(1): 107-119, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-invasive tests are still required to improve the holistic diagnostic approach of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of the decrease from rest oxygen pressure (DROP) index of transcutaneous oximetry (TcpO2) in TOS. METHODS: Seventy-six patients and 40 asymptomatic volunteers (Controls) were enrolled. In TOS-suspected patients, the arteriograms were investigated for the presence of≥75% stenosis. The area under receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) analysis tested the ability of forearm TcpO2 during provocative maneuvers to discriminate patients from controls and, to predict a positive arteriographic findings in the 44 TOS-suspected patients that had an arteriography. RESULTS: The media [25/75° centile] DROP values of controls and patients were -14 [-8/-22] mmHg and -22 [-12/-42] mmHg, respectively (p for Mann-Whitney<0.02). AUC analysis showed a significant ability of TcpO2 to predict the presence of subclavian arterial compression on arteriography (AUC, 0.694). CONCLUSIONS: Although time consuming, tcpO2 is independent of the observer expertise and could be useful in TOS-suspected patients to select the patients that should undergo arteriography.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , Síndrome do Desfiladeiro Torácico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 50(4): 874-878, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926518

RESUMO

Hypoxic physiological states may occur during anesthetic events of snakes but accurate monitoring of oxygenation is challenging. Oxygenation levels of nine Louisiana pine snakes (Pituophis ruthveni) were assessed using transcutaneous regional oxygen saturation (rSO2) at the level of the liver (rSO2Liver) and at the halfway point of the body (rSO2Half ). Reflectance pulse oximetry measured SpO2, with a sensor overlying the heart. Values were compared with the venous partial pressure of oxygen (PvO2). Measurements were taken during four phases, simulating an anesthetic event: phase 1, breathing room air; phase 2, while supplied with supplemental oxygen via face mask; phase 3, during ketamine and dexmedetomidine sedation; and phase 4, after receiving atipamezole. There were no significant changes in any oxygenation parameters between concurrent phases, but respiratory rate significantly decreased (P = 0.02) between phases 1 and 2. Strong positive associations were found between both rSO2Liver and rSO2Half when compared with PvO2 irrespective of phase (r = 0.72, r = 0.63 respectively), but not with SpO2 (r = 0.3). Strength of correlation varied with each phase but was uniformly strongest for rSO2Liver. The measurement of rSO2 appears superior compared with traditional pulse oximetry for assessing oxygenation levels of snakes.


Assuntos
Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/veterinária , Oxigênio/sangue , Serpentes/sangue , Animais
16.
Angiology ; 71(3): 208-216, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387360

RESUMO

Transcutaneous oxygen tension measurement (TcPO2) is widely applied for the evaluation of chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI). Nevertheless, studies that focused on the clinical value of TcPO2 have shown varying results. We identified factors that potentially play a role in TcPO2 measurement variation such as probe placement, probe temperature, and the use of a reference probe. In this review of the current literature, we assessed the application of these factors. A systematic search was conducted. Parameters that were assessed were probe placement, probe temperature, and mentioning and/or use of a reference probe. In total, 36 articles were eligible for analysis. In 24 (67%) studies, probes were placed on specific anatomical locations. Seven (19%) studies placed probes, regardless of the location of the ulcer, adjacent to an ischemic lesion or ulcer (perilesion). Selected temperature setting of the probe differed; in 18 (50%), a default probe temperature of 44°C was selected, and in 13 (36%), a different temperature was selected. In 31 (84%) studies, the use of a reference probe was not reported. Transcutaneous oxygen tension measurement is applied diversely in patients with CLTI. Homogeneity in TcPO2 protocols is warranted for reliable clinical application and to compare future TcPO2 research.


Assuntos
Isquemia/metabolismo , Perna (Membro)/fisiopatologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/metabolismo , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/metabolismo , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/fisiopatologia , Temperatura
17.
Int J Impot Res ; 32(2): 221-225, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164728

RESUMO

The impact of abnormalities in the vascular bed of the external genitalia and vagina on female sexuality is not well defined because of some methodological difficulties in correctly assessing vascular changes of genitalia in women. Transmucosal oxygen tension (TmPO2) represents a precise measure of oxygen partial pressure at the clitoris surface and is expression of clitoral tissue perfusion. Aim of the study was to correlate TmPO2 with female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in healthy women in order to evaluate the impact of clitoral vascularization on female sexual health. Twenty-seven healthy, heterosexual, and sexually active women of reproductive age (mean age: 31.18 ± 4.71) were enrolled in the study. TmPO2 was assessed in every woman. In addition, all the women filled out the Female sexual function index (FSFI). After adjustment for some covariates (age, BMI, and smoking), TmPO2 significantly correlated with FSFI total score (r = 0.4261; p = 0.0379) and with arousal (r = 0.3239; p = 0.0390), lubrication (r = 0.4345; p = 0.0339), orgasm (r = 0.4092; p = 0.0471), and satisfaction (r = 0.4456; p = 0.0291) scores. In addition, TmPO2 was significantly lower in the FSD than in the NO FSD group (28.4 ± 14.5 versus 48.1 ± 25.1 mmHg; p = 0.0416). This study first shows that in healthy women of reproductive age clitoral tissue perfusion, as assessed by TmPO2, correlates very well with FSD and in particular with arousal, lubrication, orgasm, and satisfaction. Further studies should confirm our data and test TmPO2 as potential predictor for cardiovascular disease and metabolic conditions in women.


Assuntos
Clitóris/irrigação sanguínea , Orgasmo/fisiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/fisiopatologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Clitóris/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Heterossexualidade , Humanos , Membrana Mucosa/química , Satisfação Pessoal , Projetos Piloto , Comportamento Sexual , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vagina/fisiopatologia
18.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 159(3): 943-953.e3, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine whether targeted therapy to optimize cerebral oxygenation is associated with improved neurocognitive and perioperative outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective trial, intraoperative cerebral oximetry monitoring using bilateral forehead probes was performed in cardiac surgical patients who were randomly assigned to an intervention group in which episodes of cerebral oxygen desaturation (<60% for >60 consecutive seconds at either probe) triggered an intervention protocol or a control group in which the cerebral oximetry data were hidden from the clinical team, and no intervention protocol was applied. Cognitive testing was performed preoperatively and at postoperative months 3 and 6; domains studied were response speed, processing speed, attention, and memory. Perioperative outcomes studied were death, hospital length of stay, intensive care unit length of stay, postoperative day of extubation, time on mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit delirium, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment on intensive care unit admission, and intensive care unit blood transfusion. RESULTS: Group mean memory change scores were significantly better in the intervention group at 6 months (0.60 [standard error, 0.30] vs -0.17 [standard error, 0.33], adjusted P = .008). However, presence, duration, and severity of cerebral desaturation were not associated with cognitive change scores. Perioperative outcomes did not differ between the intervention and control groups. CONCLUSIONS: Targeted therapy to optimize cerebral oxygenation was associated with better memory outcome in a group of cardiac surgical patients. Some aspects of the protocol other than desaturation duration and severity contributed to the observed neuroprotective effect.


Assuntos
Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Cognição , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/prevenção & controle , Oxigênio/sangue , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Memória , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/psicologia , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/psicologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 356-364, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30802587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of spinal cord stimulation in patients with critical limb ischemia and to test the hypothesis that the dynamics of clinical changes one year after therapy depend both on the clinical determinants associated with the underlying disease and on factors related to systemic atherosclerosis. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 56 patients with critical limb ischemia. All patients before and after spinal cord stimulation were examined in terms of the dynamics of their clinical changes using the Rutherford scale and transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO2, mm Hg) in the affected foot. The active orthostatic test was used to assess the functional state of peripheral perfusion. RESULTS: One year after spinal cord stimulation, 74% of patients showed positive clinical outcomes. No changes were observed in 9.3% of patients, whereas adverse clinical outcomes were revealed in 16.7% of cases. The TcPO2 values were significantly reduced before spinal cord stimulation: 10.5 (6.4-16.0) mm Hg. The functional status of the peripheral microvasculature was also disturbed. One year after therapy, TcPO2 significantly increased and the adaptive mechanisms of the microvasculature were improved in more than 70% of patients. Logistic regression analysis showed that the initially low TcPO2 values (<10 mm Hg) with a lack of gain in TcPO2 during the orthostatic test are associated with the negative clinical outcomes after spinal cord stimulation. The gain in TcPO2 during the orthostatic test to >10 mm Hg is associated with the positive clinical outcomes after spinal cord stimulation. The age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index >5 and duration of critical ischemic symptoms also had a negative effect on the clinical outcomes after spinal cord stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: The positive clinical outcomes were revealed in most patients with critical limb ischemia one year after spinal cord stimulation. The low values of peripheral tissue metabolism with the disturbed functional status of the microvasculature are associated with the negative clinical outcome. The patients with baseline TcPO2 <10 mm Hg can recover if they still have a sufficient microcirculatory reserve capacity. Duration of critical ischemic symptoms and high comorbidity burden with allowance for age are negative factors affecting the clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Estimulação da Medula Espinal , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/sangue , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Microcirculação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigênio/sangue , Doença Arterial Periférica/sangue , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Anesth ; 34(1): 66-71, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701307

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The gold standard for measuring the partial pressure of carbon dioxide remains arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis. For patients with cystic fibrosis undergoing general anesthesia or polysomnography studies, continuous non-invasive carbon dioxide monitoring may be required. The current study compares end-tidal (ETCO2), transcutaneous (TCCO2), and capillary blood gas carbon dioxide (Cap-CO2) monitoring with the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) from an ABG in patients with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: Intraoperatively, a single CO2 value was simultaneously obtained using ABG (PaCO2), capillary (Cap-CO2), TCCO2, and ETCO2 techniques. Tests for correlation (Pearson's coefficient) and agreement (Bland-Altman analysis) were performed. Data were further stratified into two subgroups based on body mass index (BMI) and percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1%). Additionally, the absolute difference in the TCCO2, ETCO2, and Cap-CO2 values versus PaCO2 was calculated. The mean ± SD differences were compared using a paired t test while the number of times the values were ≤ 3 mmHg and ≤ 5 mmHg from the PaCO2 were compared using a Fishers' exact test. RESULTS: The study cohort included 47 patients (22 males, 47%) with a mean age of 13.4 ± 7.8 years, median (IQR) BMI of 18.7 kg/m2 (16.7, 21.4), and mean FEV1% of 87.3 ± 18.3%. Bias (SD) was 4.8 (5.7) mmHg with Cap-CO2 monitoring, 7.3 (9.7) mmHg with TCCO2 monitoring, and 9.7 (7.7) mmHg with ETCO2 monitoring. Although there was no difference between the degree of bias in the population as a whole, when divided based on FEV1% and BMI, there was greater bias with ETCO2 in patients with a lower FEV1% and a higher BMI. The Cap-CO2 vs. PaCO2 difference was 5.2 ± 5.3 mmHg (SD), with 16 (48%) ≤ 3 mmHg and 20 (61%) ≤ 5 mmHg from the ABG value. The TCCO2-PaCO2 difference was 9.1 ± 7.2 mmHg (SD), with 11 (27%) ≤ 3 mmHg and 15 (37%) ≤ 5 mmHg from the ABG value. The ETCO2-PaCO2 mean difference was 11.2 ± 7.9 mmHg (SD), with 5 (12%) ≤ 3 mmHg and 11 (26%) ≤ 5 mmHg from the ABG value. CONCLUSIONS: While Cap-CO2 most accurately reflects PaCO2 as measured on ABG, of the non-invasive continuous monitors, TCCO2 was a more accurate and reliable measure of PaCO2 than ETCO2, especially in patients with worsening pulmonary function (FEV1% ≤ 81%) and/or a higher BMI (≥ 18.7 kg/m2).


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Fibrose Cística , Adolescente , Anestesia Geral , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Humanos , Masculino , Pressão Parcial
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