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1.
Braz Dent J ; 32(3): 116-126, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755786

RESUMO

This 2-year-follow up study compared and evaluated the stability of early anterior open bite (AOB) treatment based on different appliances. Children from 7 to 10 years with Angle Class I, AOB larger than 1.0 mm and fully erupted maxillary and mandibular permanent central incisors were eligible. The initial sample was 99 patients distributed, by simple randomization, into four groups: BS (bonded spurs), CC (chincup), FPC (fixed palatal crib) and RPC (removable palatal crib). Cephalometric analysis was performed at baseline (T1), final (T2) and 2-year post-treatment (T3) by taking the overbite measurements as the main outcome. Blinding was possible to cephalometric analysis. At T3, with dropouts, there were 63 individuals, being BS (n=15; overbite 0.19 mm; 11.54 years; 10 female (F)/5 male (M)); CC (n=11; overbite -0.19 mm; 11.41 years; 8 F/3 M); FPC (n=21; overbite 1.23 mm; 11.44 years; 15 F/6 M) and; RPC (n=16; overbite 0.73 mm; 11.67 years; 6 F/10 M). Changes in dentoskeletal variables and breaking deleterious oral habits during the follow up were statically analyzed with p<.05. Mandibular skeletal linear measurements and vertical dental components have gradually increased with age, manly at pubertal growth spurt and at the establishment of permanent dentition after treatment. Incisor teeth extrusion had impact on AOB correction and stability in 4 groups, which recorded a 1.15 mm-improvement of overbite after treatment (T3-T2). The experimental appliances were effective with stable results, being FPC the device recorded the highest AOB correction and the lowest patient withdrawal rate.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Mordida Aberta , Cefalometria , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Mordida Aberta/terapia
2.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 514, 2021 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the palatal morphological changes in Anterior Open Bite (AOB) pre-pubertal subjects treated with Rapid Maxillary Expansion and Bite-Block (RME/BB) or Quad Helix with crib (QH/C) when compared with a Control Group (CG) by using Geometric Morphometric Analysis (GMM). METHODS: AOB group (AOBG) included 30 subjects (20 females, 10 males, mean age 8.1 ± 0.8ys) with dentoskeletal AOB. AOBG was divided in two subgroups according to the treatment strategy: RME/BB group (RME/BBg) included 15 subjects (10 females, 5 males, QH/C group (QH/Cg) comprised 15 subjects (10 females, 5 males). The two subgroups were compared with a CG of 15 subjects (10 females, 5 males) matched for sex, age, vertical pattern, and observation period. Digital upper dental casts were collected before treatment (T1) and at the end of the active treatment (T2). Landmarks and semilandmarks were digitized on dental casts and GMM was applied. Procrustes analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) were performed. RESULTS: At T2, RME/BBg when compared with QH/Cg evidenced no statistically significant differences. Instead, RME/BBg showed an increased maxillary transverse dimension and a decreased palatal depth when compared with CG. The comparison QH/Cg vs. CG demonstrated a slight transversal maxillary expansion. CONCLUSIONS: RME/BBg showed significant changes in the transversal and vertical dimensions with a clear maxillary expansion and a decrease of the palatal depth when compared with QH/Cg and CG. QH/Cg showed a significant slight maxillary expansion and no variation in vertical and sagittal planes when compared with CG.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Palato , Dimensão Vertical
3.
Orthod Fr ; 92(3): 343-356, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588157

RESUMO

Even if miniscrews are mainly used in the active phase, their uses during the contention have been reported for a few years either by installation of miniscrews de novo or by taking advantage of miniscrews inserted during the active phase. The objective of this article is to describe the uses - reported in the literature - of miniscrews during the retention phase. We have conducted a research from the database PubMed with keywords associations. Nineteen articles were found with three indications: to temporarily replace toothlessness while awaiting the final prosthetic solution at the end of growth while maintaining bone level; to contain open-bite treatments in order to avoid as much as possible the relapse; to improve the comfort and aesthetics of Hawley plate. This prospect of using miniscrews after active treatment further opens up the field of possibilities. However, there is the problem of osteointegration and bone damage caused by the removal of miniscrews linked to the maintenance of miniscrews over the long term.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Parafusos Ósseos , Estética Dentária , Humanos
8.
Orthod Fr ; 92(2): 215-238, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231469

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to compare, based on literature review, the short and long-term efficiency of the correction of anterior openbite in hyperdivergent adults by orthodontics combined with maxillary molar intrusion using temporary anchorage devices (group A), versus maxillary surgical impaction (group B). The articles were retreived from five databases (last update in May 2020). Data selection and extraction are done independently by two reviewers, then validated and gathered after consensus to limit bias. Twelve low to medium evidence level studies meet the inclusion criteria, including two dedicated to jaw impaction surgery. All the studies analyzed short-term dentoskeletal changes, six assessed long-term stability up to 3.5 years for group B and to 4 years for group A. Both groups showed a decrease in anterior facial height and closure of the anterior openbite by mandibular autorotation. The results were stable over the long term for both groups. The orthodontic solution of molar intrusion associated with skeletal anchorage is an alternative to the surgical solution of mild skeletal openbite in adults. Randomized controlled clinical trials with control groups are essential to reach reliable conclusions.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Adulto , Cefalometria , Humanos , Maxila , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
9.
Orthod Fr ; 92(2): 181-194, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279230

RESUMO

Posterior open bite is a malocclusion characterized by the absence of vertical contacts between the occlusal surfaces of the posterior teeth of the opposing arches. It can be uni- or bilateral and involve one tooth or more. Several aetiologies of these posterior open bite have been described, including pathological eruptions, dento-maxillary dysmorphosis and temporo-mandibular dysfunctions. When considering a correction or compensation, there are several therapeutic options (orthodontic and/or surgical and/or prosthetic). Recent developments in adhesive dentistry (bonding biomaterials, ceramics and composites) have made possible the development of more conservative approach for restorative and prosthetic treatments. In order to understand the possible use of these restorations and the help it can provide in our treatment plan, we have selected three original clinical situations. Each one illustrated a posterior open bite aetiology and explained the rehabilitation strategies chosen (process of decision making and realization). Partial bonded restorations (direct composites, overlays, tabletops, veenerlays) can be considered to compensate open bite, in case of impossibility, failure or as a complement of orthodontic treatments. Additive equilibration is not described in the literature for the compensation of posterior open bite, despite the many functional advantages along a simple and conservative technique.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Mordida Aberta , Humanos , Maxila , Mordida Aberta/terapia
10.
Orthod Fr ; 92(2): 257-267, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279232

RESUMO

In last decades, the number of adult patients requesting orthodontic treatments has increased. Orthognathic surgery allows correction of skeletal dysmorphoses in adults. The management of osteoporotic patients treated with bisphosphonates is a major challenge for orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons. Few studies have been conducted in these patients and four cases of orthognathic surgery have been described to date. A rare case of orthodontic surgical treatment in an osteoporotic patient who has been treated with bisphosphonates is reported. A 38-year-old patient wishing to improve the aesthetics of her face presented in dentofacial orthopedic consultation. Anamnesis revealed a history of bisphosphonate treatment for osteoporosis. The patient presented a hyperdivergent skeletal class III with laterognathia. The occlusal diagnosis was a class III with premolar and canine open bite, interincisal media discordance and dental crowding. The patient was treated by orthodontics and maxillomandibular osteotomy. A postoperative bone Healing delay of four weeks was recorded. This case report discusses the possibility of performing orthodontic treatment associated with orthognathic surgery in patients treated with bisphosphonates in context of osteoporosis. Orthodontics and maxillofacial surgeons must be prepared for the management of patients treated with bisphosphonates. Studies should be considered in order to specify the optimal methods of management.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Mordida Aberta , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Adulto , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/cirurgia , Ortodontia Corretiva , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(2 Suppl. 1): 271-281, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281324

RESUMO

Anterior open bite is one of the most complex malocclusions to manage. The interaction of skeletal, dental, and soft tissue effects can contribute to develop an anterior open bite. The skeletal open bite requires a more complex approach of treatment to reach function, aesthetics, and stability. The approaches vary depending on the causative factors and the age of patients. Treatment approaches for open bite patients differ when dealing with adults and growing patients. The aim of this descriptive review was to summarize the main existing treatment strategies for anterior open bite, from the noninvasive behavioural shaping to the orthodontic intrusion with skeletal anchorage.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Mordida Aberta , Adulto , Dentição Mista , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Mordida Aberta/terapia
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e081, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231768

RESUMO

The object of this study was to compare the clinical complications of 4 different appliances used in the early treatment of anterior open bite (AOB), and to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference in the number of complications among the appliances. Records from 99 Class I malocclusion patients with AOB treated using bonded spurs, BS, n = 25; chin cup, CC, n = 25; fixed palatal crib, FPC, n = 25; and removable palatal crib, RPC, n = 24) were examined. The total number and frequency of clinical complications that occurred over 12 months were described and compared by using chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests (Dunn's post-test) (α = 5%, CI = 95%). The incidence of clinical complications was 66.7%, comprising: breakage, bond failure, maladjustment, allergy, soft-tissue lesion, loss of removable appliance and abandonment. Eighteen patients gave up treatment; this occurred more frequently in the groups with removable appliances. Regarding the total number of complications per patient, Group BS exhibited a significantly higher number than the other groups (p < 0.0001). A low frequency of complications (1 to 3) was found in the groups, except for Group BS, in which 8% of the patients presented moderate frequency (4 to 6). In terms of appliance types (fixed or removable), there was no difference in the incidence of complications (p > 0.094). The null hypothesis was rejected, since the BS group exhibited the highest total number and frequency of complications. There was no difference between fixed and removable appliances in terms of incidence of clinical complications, although more patients using removable appliances abandoned their treatment.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Humanos , Mordida Aberta/epidemiologia , Mordida Aberta/etiologia , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Palato
13.
Angle Orthod ; 91(6): 733-742, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the root resorption resulting from miniscrew-supported maxillary posterior dentoalveolar intrusion using two different force magnitudes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients with skeletal open bite, indicated for maxillary posterior dentoalveolar intrusion, were recruited and randomly assigned to the comparison or intervention groups. The comparison group involved applying 200 g of intrusive force per segment, which measured 20 g per root, while this force was 400 g per segment in the intervention group, measuring 40 g per root. RESULTS: Twenty participants were included in the final analysis after 2 patients dropped out, 1 in each group, to end up with 10 subjects (200 roots) per group. There was statistically significant root resorption of 0.84 ± 0.96 mm and 0.93 ± 1.00 mm in the comparison and the intervention groups, respectively. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Root resorption inevitably took place in association with orthodontic intrusion. However, increasing the magnitude of the intrusive force did not increase the amount of root resorption, either statistically or clinically.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Reabsorção da Raiz , Adulto , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/efeitos adversos
14.
Arch. health invest ; 10(7): 1032-1039, July 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1342732

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever sobre as condições bucais das crianças com Microcefalia associada ao Zika vírus. Metodologia: Estudo transversal realizado com 13 crianças atendidas no projeto institucional e multidisciplinar "Atenção Integrada às crianças com microcefalia por Zika vírus" e seus respectivos cuidadores. Foi realizado entrevista com os cuidadores e de exame clínico bucal nas crianças, sendo coletados dados sobre características sociodemográficas e econômicas, hábitos de higiene, comportamentais e alimentares, assim como as características oclusais e os índices clínicos odontológicos (ISG, IPV e ceo-d). Os dados foram analisados de maneira descritiva e através do teste Wilcoxon no software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, versão 20. Resultados: A maioria das crianças eram do sexo feminino (53,8%), entre 24 e 35 meses (76,9%) e a mãe era o principal cuidador (76,9%). Em relação aos hábitos das crianças, 61,5% apresentavam alimentação semissólida, com frequência de escovação diária de duas vezes ou mais (46,2%), utilizavam mamadeira (76,9%) e chupeta (53,8%). As crianças não apresentavam cárie, o ISG e IPV foram considerados satisfatórios. Além disso, 92,3% das crianças rangiam os dentes durante a noite, 61,5% apresentavam mordida aberta anterior, sobressaliência aumentada (84,6%) e cronologia de erupção alterada (84,6%). Conclusão: As crianças apresentavam erupção dentária tardia, presença de facetas de desgastes, chave de canino com classificação I, mordida aberta anterior e sobressaliência aumentada. Além disso, possuíam frequência de escovação satisfatória, alimentações semissólida, usavam mamadeira e chupeta. A partir dos índices odontológicos, observou-se que as crianças apresentavam uma saúde bucal satisfatória(AU)


Objective: to describe the oral conditions of children with microcephaly associated with Zikavirus. Methodology: Cross-sectional study carried out with 13 children assisted in the institutional and multidisciplinary project "Integrated Care for children with microcephaly due to Zika virus" and their respective caregivers. Interviews were conducted with caregivers and a clinical oral exam was carried out on the children, with data on sociodemographic and economic characteristics, hygiene, behavioral and dietary habits, as well as occlusal characteristics and clinical dental indexes (ISG, IPV and ceo-d) being collected. The data were analyzed descriptively and using the Wilcoxon test in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software, version 20. Results: Most children were female (53.8%), between 24 and 35 months (76.9 %) and the mother wasthe main caregiver (76.9%). Regarding the children's habits, 61.5% had a semi-solid diet, with a daily brushing frequency of twice or more (46.2%), used a bottle (76.9%) and pacifier (53.8%). The children did not present caries, the ISG and IPV were considered satisfactory. In addition, 92.3% of children gritted their teeth at night, 61.5% had an open anterior bite, increased overjet (84.6%) and altered rash chronology (84.6%) Conclusion: Children had a rash late dental, presence of wear facets, canine keywith classification I, anterior open bite and increased overjet. In addition, they had a satisfactory brushing frequency, semi-solid food, used a bottle and used a pacifier. From the dental indexes, it was observed that the children had satisfactory oral health(AU)


Objetivo: describir las condiciones bucales de los niños con microcefalia asociada al virus del Zika. Metodología: Estudio transversal realizado con 13 niños atendidos en el proyecto institucional y multidisciplinario "Atención integral a niños conmicrocefalia por virus Zika" y sus respectivos cuidadores. Se realizaron entrevistas con los cuidadores y se realizó un examen clínico bucal a los niños, con datos de características sociodemográficas y económicas, higiene, hábitos de comportamiento y dietéticos, así como características oclusales e índices clínico-odontológicos (ISG, IPV y ceo). -d) siendo recogido. Los datos se analizaron de forma descriptiva y mediante la prueba de Wilcoxon en el software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, versión 20. Resultados: La mayoría de los niños eran mujeres (53,8%), entre 24 y 35 meses (76,9%) y la madre era la principal cuidadora. (76,9%). En cuanto a los hábitos de los niños, el 61,5% tenía alimentación semisólida, con una frecuencia de cepillado diario de dos o más (46,2%), utilizaba biberón (76,9%) y chupete (53,8%). Los niños no presentaron caries, la ISG y la IPV se consideraron satisfactorias. Además, el 92,3% de los niños apretaban los dientes por la noche, el 61,5% tenía una mordida anterior abierta, un resalte elevado (84,6%) y una cronología de la erupción alterada (84,6%) Conclusión: los niños tenían una erupción dental tardía, presencia de facetas de desgaste, canino clave con clasificación I, mordida abierta anterior y resalte aumentado. Además, tenían una frecuencia de cepillado satisfactoria, alimentos semisólidos, usaban biberón y usaban chupete. A partir de los índices dentales, se observó que los niños tenían una salud bucal satisfactoria(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Higiene Bucal , Saúde Bucal , Zika virus , Microcefalia , Erupção Dentária , Escovação Dentária , Estudos Transversais , Bruxismo do Sono , Mordida Aberta , Cárie Dentária
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070132

RESUMO

A skeletal Class III malocclusion with open bite tendency is considered very difficult to treat orthodontically without surgery. This case report describes the lingual orthodontic treatment of an adult skeletal Class III patient with mandibular deviation to the left side, lateral open bite, unilateral posterior crossbite, zero overbite and negative overjet. The lower incisors were already retroclined to compensate with the skeletal discrepancy. The patient was treated by asymmetric molar extraction in the mandibular arch to retract the lower incisors and correct the dental midline, with the help of intermaxillary elastics. Lingual appliance was used with over-torqued lower anterior teeth's brackets to control the torque of mandibular incisors. After a 30-month treatment, satisfactory smile and facial esthetics and good occlusion was achieved. A 12-month follow-up confirmed that the outcome was stable. Asymmetric molar extraction could be a viable option to retract mandibular incisors in Class III malocclusion with lower dental midline deviation.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Mordida Aberta , Adulto , Cefalometria , Assimetria Facial , Humanos , Dente Molar
16.
Br Dent J ; 230(11): 731-738, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117428

RESUMO

Retention may be particularly challenging after the correction of specific malocclusion features, such as tooth rotations, open bite and expansion, which are all inherently unstable. In this article, some indications for active retention are reviewed by highlighting a variety of clinical techniques and appliances. Active retention is discussed in relation to preservation of tooth alignment and in the three planes of space: sagittal, vertical and transverse. In some situations, an active retention regimen may be helpful to minimise or counteract relapse after orthodontic treatment and to improve patient satisfaction during the typically lengthy post-treatment period.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Mordida Aberta , Cefalometria , Humanos , Incisivo , Mandíbula , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 116-126, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1345509

RESUMO

Abstract This 2-year-follow up study compared and evaluated the stability of early anterior open bite (AOB) treatment based on different appliances. Children from 7 to 10 years with Angle Class I, AOB larger than 1.0 mm and fully erupted maxillary and mandibular permanent central incisors were eligible. The initial sample was 99 patients distributed, by simple randomization, into four groups: BS (bonded spurs), CC (chincup), FPC (fixed palatal crib) and RPC (removable palatal crib). Cephalometric analysis was performed at baseline (T1), final (T2) and 2-year post-treatment (T3) by taking the overbite measurements as the main outcome. Blinding was possible to cephalometric analysis. At T3, with dropouts, there were 63 individuals, being BS (n=15; overbite 0.19 mm; 11.54 years; 10 female (F)/5 male (M)); CC (n=11; overbite -0.19 mm; 11.41 years; 8 F/3 M); FPC (n=21; overbite 1.23 mm; 11.44 years; 15 F/6 M) and; RPC (n=16; overbite 0.73 mm; 11.67 years; 6 F/10 M). Changes in dentoskeletal variables and breaking deleterious oral habits during the follow up were statically analyzed with p<.05. Mandibular skeletal linear measurements and vertical dental components have gradually increased with age, manly at pubertal growth spurt and at the establishment of permanent dentition after treatment. Incisor teeth extrusion had impact on AOB correction and stability in 4 groups, which recorded a 1.15 mm-improvement of overbite after treatment (T3-T2). The experimental appliances were effective with stable results, being FPC the device recorded the highest AOB correction and the lowest patient withdrawal rate.


Resumo Os objetivos do presente estudo foram comparar e avaliar a estabilidade do tratamento precoce da mordida aberta anterior (MAA) com diferentes dispositivos. A amostra inicial foi composta por 99 pacientes randomizados em quatro grupos experimentais: BS - esporões colados; CC - mentoneira; FPC - grade palatina fixa; RPC - grade palatina removível. Análise cefalométrica foi realizada para avaliar os dados do período inicial (T1), final do tratamento (T2) e 2 anos após tratamento (T3), sendo a variável overbite o desfecho principal. Em T3, após perdas de seguimento, haviam 63 indivíduos, sendo BS (n=15; overbite 0.19 mm; 11.54 anos; 10 Feminino (F)/5 Masculino (M)); CC (n=11; overbite -0.19 mm; 11.41 anos; 8 F/3 M); FPC (n=21; overbite 1.23 mm; 11.44 anos; 15 F/6 M) e; RPC (n=16; overbite 0.73 mm; 11.67 anos; 6 F/10 M). Comparações das alterações nas variáveis dentoesqueléticas e abandono de hábitos bucais deletérios durante o tempo de acompanhamento foram estatisticamente analisados com p<.05. Medidas esqueléticas lineares mandibulares e componentes verticais aumentaram gradualmente com a idade, principalmente com o surto de crescimento puberal e estabelecimento da dentição permanente no pós-tratamento. O overbite foi significantemente melhorado durante o tratamento, permanecendo estável com alterações positivas. A extrusão dos incisivos impactou na correção da MAA e estabilidade nos 4 grupos, que registraram uma melhora de 1.15 mm no pós-tratamento (T3-T2). Com suas limitações, todos dispositivos experimentais foram efetivos e mostraram resultados estáveis no tratamento precoce da MAA, sendo que a FPC apresentou a maior correção da MAA e o menor índice de desistência.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Cefalometria , Seguimentos , Mandíbula
19.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 45(2): 117-122, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the association of occlusal disorders in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). STUDY DESIGN: A literature review was conducted, and articles published between 2010 and 2019 were searched on Bireme and PubMed websites and in MEDLINE and LILACS databases, in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, using the keywords "malocclusion," "sickle cell disease," and "cephalometry," combined by Boolean operators AND and OR. One of the criteria for the selection of articles was the presence of adolescents in the sample. This methodology followed the PRISMA recommendations. Seventy-nine articles were found, seven of which were included in the review as they met the inclusion criteria and the study goals. RESULTS: The prevalence of malocclusion in SCD patients ranged from 62.9% to 100%, which was considered very severe in 30.1% to 80.6%. The most common occlusal changes were Angle's class II malocclusion, increased maxillary overjet, and anterior open bite. In addition, class II skeletal pattern was the most prevalent due to mandibular retrusion. CONCLUSION: Malocclusion prevalence in SCD patients is high and considered to be a risk factor, with a significant rate of very severe malocclusion when compared to healthy patients.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Mordida Aberta , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Anemia Falciforme/epidemiologia , Cefalometria , Humanos , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia
20.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 242, 2021 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the multifactorial aetiology and unpredictable long-term stability, skeletal anterior open bite (SAOB) is one of the most intractable conditions for orthodontists. The abnormal orofacial myofunctional status (OMS) may be a major risk factor contributing to the development and relapse of SAOB. This study is aimed at evaluating the OMS and the efficacy of orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT) alone for SAOB subjects. METHODS: Eighteen adolescents with SAOB (4 males, 14 females; age: 12-18 years) and eighteen adolescents with normal occlusion (2 males, 16 females; age: 12-18 years) were selected. The electromyographic activity (EMGA) associated with mastication and closed mouth state was measured. Lateral cephalography was used to evaluate craniofacial morphology. Wilcoxon signed rank tests and t-tests were performed to evaluate myofunctional and morphological differences. Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlations between EMGA and morphological characteristics. SAOB subjects were given OMT for 3 months, and the EMGA was compared between before and after OMT. RESULTS: During rest, anterior temporalis activity (TAA) and mentalis muscle activity (MEA) increased in SAOB subjects, but TAA and masseter muscle activity (MMA) decreased in the intercuspal position (ICP); and upper orbicularis activity (UOA) and MEA significantly increased during lip sealing and swallowing (P < 0.05). Morphological evaluation revealed increases in the FMA, GoGn-SN, ANS-Me, N-Me, L1-MP, U6-PP, and L6-MP and decreases in the angle of the axis of the upper and lower central incisors and OB in SAOB subjects (P < 0.05). TAA, MMA and anterior digastric activity (DAA) in the ICP were negatively correlated with vertical height and positively correlated to incisor protrusion. MEA was positively correlated with vertical height and negatively correlated with incisor protrusion; and the UOA showed a similar correlation in ICP, during sealing lip and swallowing. After SAOB subjects received OMT, MEA during rest and TAA, MMA and DAA in the ICP increased, while UOA and MEA decreased (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: SAOB subjects showed abnormal OMS features including aberrant swallowing patterns and weak masticatory muscles, which were interrelated with the craniofacial dysmorphology features including a greater anterior facial height and incisor protrusion. Furthermore, OMT contributes to OMS harmonization, indicating its therapeutic prospect in SAOB.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Mordida Aberta , Adolescente , Antivirais , Criança , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia Miofuncional , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Músculo Temporal
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