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1.
N C Med J ; 81(1): 55-62, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908337

RESUMO

Maternal mortality in North Carolina remains a challenge to families, health systems, and communities. The Maternal Mortality Review Committee is part of the process required to prevent these events. In this commentary, we present an abbreviated description of the 2014-2015 Maternal Mortality Review Committee report, set for publication in December, 2019.


Assuntos
Morte Materna/prevenção & controle , Comitês Consultivos , Feminino , Humanos , Mortalidade Materna , North Carolina/epidemiologia , Gravidez
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18136, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895766

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Despite the fact that treatment of paraquat poisoning in pregnant women and their fetuses is challenging and raises ethical issues, it is rarely reported in the literature. We report the case of a pregnant woman who took paraquat intentionally. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 36-year-old woman at 38 weeks gestational age, in an apparent suicide attempt, drank 1 mouthful (about 20 ml) of paraquat solution. Ten hours later, her urine dithionate test showed light blue color with a plasma paraquat concentration of 0.547 µg/ml. Six hours after admission, a male infant, whose plasma paraquat concentration was 0.761 µg/ml, together with 0.673 µg/ml in the amniotic fluid measured by high-performance liquid chromatography, was delivered but the woman's lung, liver, and kidney function declined rapidly. DIAGNOSIS: INTERVENTIONS:: Because of placenta previa and multiple organ failure, emergency cesarean section, and panhysterectomy were performed for the pregnant woman. Intravenous injection of antibiotic to prevent infection and dexamethasone 30 mg once a day were administered. Mechanical ventilation was performed for the infant and meropenem and penicillin injection was administered. OUTCOMES: The infant died 33 hours after birth while the mother died on the 3rd day after ingestion. LESSONS: Paraquat can enter the fetus through the placenta and the amniotic fluid via fluid exchange. The pathological changes of fetal organs may relate to gestational age, and the prognosis was very poor in both the mother and the fetus.


Assuntos
Feto/efeitos dos fármacos , Herbicidas/envenenamento , Paraquat/envenenamento , Morte Perinatal , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Morte Materna , Gravidez , Tentativa de Suicídio
3.
Pan Afr Med J ; 34: 46, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31803342

RESUMO

Introduction: Every day, approximately 830 women globally die from pregnancy-child birth related complications and all maternal deaths are mainly due to the three phases of delay usually experienced in maternal care which originates from inadequate or lack of birth and emergency preparedness. Despite the benefit of Birth Preparedness and Complications Readiness (BPACR) in the reduction of the three phases of delay and thus reduction of maternal deaths and complications, no study has been conducted in Adjumani district to assess the knowledge and practice of birth preparedness and complication readiness, thus our objective was to assess the knowledge and practice of Birth Preparedness and Complications Readiness (BPACR) among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Openzinzi Health Centre (HC) III in Adjumani District. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study design with a sample of 80 respondents was used for the study. Simple random sampling was used to select the respondents in the study area. A research administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Results: Most of the respondents (27.5%) were in the age group of 26-35 years. The majority 43.75% ended at primary level of education, 50% were unemployed, and the majority 71.25% and 70% knew identifying skilled birth attendants and health facilities respectively as components of BPACR. 76.25% of the respondents mentioned vaginal bleeding and 62.5% over vomiting as danger signs in pregnancy while 12.5% did not know any danger sign in pregnancy. 76.25% identified place for skilled birth, 66.25% identified skilled birth attendant, and only 15% identified blood donor. Conclusion: The practice of BPACR was poor among the pregnant women attending antenatal care at Openzinzi Health Centre III in Adjumani District. The knowledge about BPACR was higher among the educated respondents involved in the study.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Morte Materna/prevenção & controle , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários , Uganda , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(12): 826-832, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874472

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze risk factors, cardiovascular complications, time of death, gestational age of delivery and offspring outcomes in the maternal deaths with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Methods: Totally 4 112 cases of pregnant women with CVD in Shanghai obstetric heart disease intensive care unit within 26 years (from January 1993 to December 2018) were collected, and 20 maternal deaths within these cases were analyzed retrospectively. Results: (1) Among the 20 deaths, structural heart diseases accounted for 90% (18/20), pregnancy induced heart diseases was 10% (2/20) while there was no dysfunctional heart disease. The mortality of pregnant women with CVD was 0.486% (20/4 112). (2) The following risk factors were common in these women, getting pregnant without counselling (95%, 19/20) , New York Heart Association classⅢ or Ⅳcardiac function (70%, 14/20), complicated with pulmonary hypertension (75%, 15/20) and prior heart events (60%, 12/20). And 85% (17/20) deaths occurred in puerperium, 15% (3/20) occurred before labor,while no death occurred during labor. And 65% (13/20) deaths died due to heart failure, 20% (4/20) deaths were due to pulmonary hypertension crisis, 5% (1/20) died on sudden cardiac arrest, rupture of aortic dissection and sudden death, respectively. Conclusions: Women with CVD should get pregnant after strict evaluation. Pulmonary hypertension is one of the most severe contraindications to pregnancy, especially in patients with moderate to severe pulmonary hypertension. The puerperium period is a critical period that threatens the safety of these patients. Since heart failure is the most common cause of death, it is necessary to prevent and treat heart failure and to monitor heart function dynamically, especially in those with structural abnormal heart diseases. Moreover, it is also of importance to standardize antenatal care and to identify the severity of heart diseases in time.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Morte Materna , Mortalidade Materna , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/etiologia , Adulto , Causas de Morte , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/mortalidade , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
5.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1281, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Death of a mother at an early age of the child may result in an increased risk of childhood mortality, especially in low-and-middle-income countries. This study aims to synthesize estimates of the association between a mother's death and the risk of childhood mortality at different age ranges from birth to 18 years in these settings. METHODS: Various MEDLINE databases, EMBASE, and Global Health databases were searched for population-based cohort and case-control studies published from 1980 to 2017. Studies were included if they reported the risk of childhood mortality for children whose mother had died relative to those whose mothers were alive. Random-effects meta-analyses were used to pool effect estimates, stratified by various exposures (child's age when mother died, time since mother's death) and outcomes (child's age at risk of child death). RESULTS: A total of 62 stratified risk estimates were extracted from 12 original studies. Childhood mortality was associated with child's age at time of death of a mother and time since a mother's death. For children whose mother died when they were ≤ 42 days, the relative risk (RR) of dying within the first 1-6 months of the child's life was 35.5(95%CI:9.7-130.5, p [het] = 0.05) compared to children whose mother did not die; by 6-12 months this risk dropped to 2.8(95%CI:0.7-10.7). For children whose mother died when they were ≤ 1 year, the subsequent RR of dying in that year was 15.9(95%CI:2.2-116.1,p [het] = 0.02), compared to children whose mother lived. For children whose mother died when they were ≤ 5 years of age, the RR of dying before aged 12 was 4.1(95%CI:3.0-5.7),p [het] = 0.83. Mortality was also elevated in specific analysis  among children whose mother died when child was older than 42 days. Overall, for children whose mother died < 6 and 6+ months ago, RRs of dying before reaching adulthood (≤18 years) were 4.7(95%CI:2.6-8.7,p [het] = 0.2) and 2.1(95%CI:1.3-3.4,p [het] = 0.7), respectively, compared to children whose mother lived. CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence of an association between the death of a mother and childhood mortality in lower resource settings. These findings emphasize the critical importance of women in family outcomes and the importance of health care for women during the intrapartum and postpartum periods and throughout their child rearing years.


Assuntos
Mortalidade da Criança/tendências , Países em Desenvolvimento , Morte Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
6.
Hypertension ; 74(5): 1144-1151, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564161

RESUMO

Preeclampsia is a common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in low- and middle-income countries, but AKI incidence in preeclampsia, its risk factors, and renal outcomes are unknown. A prospective observational multicenter study of women admitted with preeclampsia in South Africa was conducted. Creatinine concentrations were extracted from national laboratory databases for women with maximum creatinine of ≥90 µmol/L (≥1.02 mg/dL). Renal injury and recovery were defined by Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes creatinine criteria. Predefined risk factors, maternal outcomes, and neonatal outcomes were compared between AKI stages. Of 1547 women admitted with preeclampsia 237 (15.3%) met AKI criteria: 6.9% (n=107) stage 1, 4.3% (n=67) stage 2, and 4.1% (n=63) stage 3. There was a higher risk of maternal death (n=7; relative risk, 4.3; 95% CI, 1.6-11.4) and stillbirth (n=80; relative risk, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.8-2.8) in women with AKI compared with those without. Perinatal mortality was also increased (89 of 240; 37.1%). Hypertension in a previous pregnancy was the strongest predictor of AKI stage 2 or 3 (odds ratio, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.21-4.17). Renal recovery rate reduced with increasing AKI stage. A third of surviving women (76 of 230 [33.0%]) had not recovered baseline renal function by discharge. Approximately half (39 of 76; 51.3%) of these women had no further creatinine testing post-discharge. In summary, AKI was common in women with preeclampsia and had high rates of associated maternal and perinatal mortality. Only two-thirds of women had confirmed renal recovery. History of a previous hypertensive pregnancy was an important risk factor.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Morte Materna/tendências , Morte Perinatal , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Comorbidade , Intervalos de Confiança , Creatinina/sangue , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Testes de Função Renal , Razão de Chances , Pobreza , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Pré-Eclâmpsia/terapia , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , África do Sul , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573669

RESUMO

MM-ARG, the Swedish maternal maternity mortality group within SFOG (Swedish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology) has, since 2008, surveyed and analysed maternal deaths in Sweden with the aim to find and give feedback on lessons learned to the medical professions.  MM-ARG consists of obstetricians, midwives and anesthetists and the strength of the working model is that the profession itself takes responsibility for the scrutiny.  A summary of 67 known maternal deaths from 2007‒2017 is presented. Direct causes of death are dominated by hypertensive disease/preeclampsia, followed by thromboembolic disease, sepsis and obstetric bleeding. Indirect death, where a known or unknown underlying disease is exacerbated by pregnancy, is dominated by cardiovascular disease. This review shows that the diagnostics and clinical management could be improved. Besides obstetrics/gynecology, maternal mortality affects other specialties and thus holds important lessons to many.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Materna , Adolescente , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Morte Materna , Transtornos Mentais/mortalidade , Transtornos Mentais/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/mortalidade , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Pré-Eclâmpsia/mortalidade , Pré-Eclâmpsia/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/mortalidade , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/mortalidade , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Sociedades Médicas , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Suécia/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/mortalidade , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle
8.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 147(3): 363-367, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the contribution of blood transfusion management in the improvement of maternal and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women with sickle cell disease in Ouagadougou. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study with data collected from February 2012 to January 2014 was used. Patients were differentiated into three groups: patients with at least one exchange transfusion, patients who received blood transfusion, and patients who did not receive any transfusion. Data were collected from patients' patient care documents. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-four patients were included, of whom 53 were in the first group, 32 in the second group, and 79 in the third group. Maternal complications in the last trimester of pregnancy were significantly less important (P=0.000) in the first group (58.5%) than in the second (78.5%) and third group (91.1%). The same trend was observed for postpartum maternal mortality (5.7%; 12.5%; 12.6%; P=0.009). Fetal complications such as preterm birth and early neonatal death were lower in the first group (15.1%; 1.8%) than in the second (40.6%; 23.1%) and third group (32.9%; 7.6%). CONCLUSION: Prophylactic blood transfusion is an important part of the management of pregnant patients with sickle cell disease.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez/terapia , Adulto , Burkina Faso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Morte Materna/prevenção & controle , Morte Perinatal/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Lancet ; 394(10204): 1181-1190, 2019 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In women with late preterm pre-eclampsia, the optimal time to initiate delivery is unclear because limitation of maternal disease progression needs to be balanced against infant complications. The aim of this trial was to determine whether planned earlier initiation of delivery reduces maternal adverse outcomes without substantial worsening of neonatal or infant outcomes, compared with expectant management (usual care) in women with late preterm pre-eclampsia. METHODS: In this parallel-group, non-masked, multicentre, randomised controlled trial done in 46 maternity units across England and Wales, we compared planned delivery versus expectant management (usual care) with individual randomisation in women with late preterm pre-eclampsia from 34 to less than 37 weeks' gestation and a singleton or dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy. The co-primary maternal outcome was a composite of maternal morbidity or recorded systolic blood pressure of at least 160 mm Hg with a superiority hypothesis. The co-primary perinatal outcome was a composite of perinatal deaths or neonatal unit admission up to infant hospital discharge with a non-inferiority hypothesis (non-inferiority margin of 10% difference in incidence). Analyses were by intention to treat, together with a per-protocol analysis for the perinatal outcome. The trial was prospectively registered with the ISRCTN registry, ISRCTN01879376. The trial is closed to recruitment but follow-up is ongoing. FINDINGS: Between Sept 29, 2014, and Dec 10, 2018, 901 women were recruited. 450 women (448 women and 471 infants analysed) were allocated to planned delivery and 451 women (451 women and 475 infants analysed) to expectant management. The incidence of the co-primary maternal outcome was significantly lower in the planned delivery group (289 [65%] women) compared with the expectant management group (338 [75%] women; adjusted relative risk 0·86, 95% CI 0·79-0·94; p=0·0005). The incidence of the co-primary perinatal outcome by intention to treat was significantly higher in the planned delivery group (196 [42%] infants) compared with the expectant management group (159 [34%] infants; 1·26, 1·08-1·47; p=0·0034). The results from the per-protocol analysis were similar. There were nine serious adverse events in the planned delivery group and 12 in the expectant management group. INTERPRETATION: There is strong evidence to suggest that planned delivery reduces maternal morbidity and severe hypertension compared with expectant management, with more neonatal unit admissions related to prematurity but no indicators of greater neonatal morbidity. This trade-off should be discussed with women with late preterm pre-eclampsia to allow shared decision making on timing of delivery. FUNDING: National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment Programme.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Trabalho de Parto Induzido , Pré-Eclâmpsia/terapia , Nascimento Prematuro , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Inglaterra , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação , Morte Materna , Morbidade , Morte Perinatal , Gravidez , País de Gales , Adulto Jovem
10.
Arkh Patol ; 81(4): 11-16, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the structure and significance of comorbidities and polymorbidity in maternal death. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-five autopsy protocols of maternal deaths in the Novosibirsk Region in the period of 1994 to 2018 were analyzed. RESULTS: Extragenital diseases are the leading diseases in the nosological structure in maternal mortality. Preeclampsia/exlampsia and obstetric hemorrhages lost their leading positions. The increasing role of extragenital pathology in the structure of maternal mortality is due to many factors, such as a larger number of comorbidities and polymorbidity, in pregnant women. Infectious diseases, benign and malignant tumors, and diseases of the heart and blood vessels are the main diseases in the structure of extragenital diseases.


Assuntos
Morte Materna , Complicações na Gravidez , Autopsia , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/mortalidade
11.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 29(4): 495-502, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447523

RESUMO

Background: Life is said to be meaningful only when the individual is able to cope with challenges associated with it. Challenges at the workplace, whether physical, psychological or social, all contribute to occupational trauma. Coping with the challenges of work is an important part of achieving occupational wellbeing, irrespective of how difficult the job may be. Midwives are trained to be responsible for safe motherhood. However, when faced with maternal deaths, work becomes difficult as they have to cope with trauma resulting from their encounters with these deaths. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore and describe the coping challenges of maternal deaths among midwives in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Method: An exploratory descriptive qualitative design was used in the study. Data were collected by means of semi-structured interviews (18) and focus group discussions (8) with inclusion criteria of being a midwife with at least one year working experience and having witnessed maternal death while on duty. Data were audio recorded, transcribed and analysed using thematic content analysis. Results: Four themes emerged from the study: difficulty accepting maternal death, exhibition of grief reactions, difficulty forgetting the deceased and lack of concentration. Conclusion: The study concluded that since the midwife's ability to cope with maternal deaths is challenged, occupational workplace programmes, for example, Employee Assistance Programme (EAP) should be employed in Ghanaian hospitals to help midwives get debrief after maternal death occurs.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Morte Materna/psicologia , Tocologia , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Gana , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
12.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 23(2): 18-26, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433590

RESUMO

On average 16%-53% of maternal deaths are from postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), with confidence intervals for Eastern Asia reaching beyond 60%. Success in preventing PPH mortality across many large low-resource populations has been fairly limited. Niger's government and an international non-governmental organization (NGO) have developed a model aiming to rapidly reduce primary postpartum haemorrhage mortality, combining relatively new technologies, misoprostol, condom tamponade, and non- inflatable anti-shock garment, with systematic measurement of blood loss and a set of traditional public health tools that constitute the Catalyst Approach to Public Health, with action steps for each phase if haemorrhage occurs. This paper describes each component and testing of the hypothesis that the model can effectively reduce PPH mortality on a national scale. The Niger model is a 'complex intervention' aiming to maximise impact from existing health system resources even in remote areas. The broad applicability of Niger's approach to address a serious global public health problem, and its innovative nature warrant describing the model itself, with results to be published separately. Combining this set of individually proven technologies and a set of organisational tools from disease eradication settings as a single 'complex intervention', has to our knowledge not been described before.


Assuntos
Morte Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Materna , Misoprostol/uso terapêutico , Ocitócicos/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Morte Materna/etiologia , Níger , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/mortalidade , Gravidez , Saúde Pública
14.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217864, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150513

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several versions of Early Warning Systems (EWS) are used in obstetrics to detect and treat early clinical deterioration to avert morbidity and mortality. EWS can potentially be useful to improve the quality of care and reduce the risk of maternal mortality in resource-limited settings. We conducted a systematic literature review of published obstetric early warning systems, define their predictive accuracy for morbidity and mortality, and their effectiveness in triggering corrective actions and improving health outcomes. METHODS: We systematically searched for primary research articles on obstetric EWS published in peer-reviewed journals between January 1997 and March 2018 in Medline, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Science Direct, and Science Citation Index. We also searched reference lists of relevant articles and websites of professional societies. We included studies that assessed the predictive accuracy of EWS to detect clinical deterioration, or/and their effectiveness in improving clinical outcomes in obstetric inpatients. We excluded studies with a paediatric or non-obstetric adult population. Cross-sectional and qualitative studies were also excluded. We performed a narrative synthesis since the outcomes reported were heterogeneous. RESULTS: A total of 381 papers were identified, 17 of which met the inclusion criteria. Eleven of the included studies evaluated the predictive accuracy of EWS for obstetric morbidity and mortality, 5 studies assessed the effectiveness of EWS in improving clinical outcomes, while one study addressed both. Sixteen published EWS versions were reviewed, 14 of which included five basic clinical observations (pulse rate, respiratory rate, temperature, blood pressure, and consciousness level). The obstetric EWS identified had very high median (inter-quartile range) sensitivity-89% (72% to 97%) and specificity-85% (67% to 98%) but low median (inter-quartile range) positive predictive values-41% (25% to 74%) for predicting morbidity or ICU admission. Obstetric EWS had a very high accuracy in predicting death (AUROC >0.80) among critically ill obstetric patients. Obstetric EWS improves the frequency of routine vital sign observation, reduces the interval between the recording of specifically defined abnormal clinical observations and corrective clinical actions, and can potentially reduce the severity of obstetric morbidity. CONCLUSION: Obstetric EWS are effective in predicting severe morbidity (in general obstetric population) and mortality (in critically ill obstetric patients). EWS can contribute to improved quality of care, prevent progressive obstetric morbidity and improve health outcomes. There is limited evidence of the effectiveness of EWS in reducing maternal death across all settings. Clinical parameters in most obstetric EWS versions are routinely collected in resource-limited settings, therefore implementing EWS may be feasible in such settings.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Parto Obstétrico , Morte Materna/prevenção & controle , Obstetrícia/tendências , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Morbidade , Gravidez
15.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 104, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155009

RESUMO

Reducing maternal mortality is a key focus of development strategies and one of the indicators used to measure progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. In the absence of medical certification of the cause of deaths that occur in the community, verbal autopsy (VA) methods are the only available means to assess levels and trends of maternal deaths that occur outside health facilities. The 2016 World Health Organization VA Instrument facilitates the identification of eight specific causes of maternal death, yet maternal deaths are often unsupervised, leading to sparse and generally poor symptom reporting to inform a reliable diagnosis using VAs. There is little research evidence to support the reliable identification of specific causes of maternal death in the context of routine VAs. We recommend that routine VAs are only used to capture the event of a maternal death and that more detailed follow-up interviews are used to identify the specific causes.


Assuntos
Autopsia/métodos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Morte Materna/etiologia , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Vigilância da População/métodos , Estatísticas Vitais , Adolescente , Adulto , Autopsia/normas , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Entrevistas como Assunto/normas , Morte Materna/prevenção & controle , Morte Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Comportamento Verbal , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 824, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal mortality remains a global priority. In 2000, the United Nations Member States pledged to work towards a series of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), in which the fifth target was to reduce maternal mortality ratio by 75% from 1990 to 2015. The Chinese government introduced Basic Public Health Service project in 2009 to the further improvement of maternal health services and reduction in maternal mortality. China had achieved the goal of MDG5 1 year ahead of the schedule in 2014, but the effects of the project on reducing maternal mortality were rarely evaluated with robust methods. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study on maternal mortality ratio by extracting mortality data from the National Maternal Mortality Surveillance System (1991-2016) and maternal health services measures from the China health statistic yearbook (2001-2016). We utilized the segmented linear regression model to assess changes and trends of maternal mortality ratio and maternal health services before and after the introduction of Basic Public Health Service project. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to measure the strength of association between the maternal mortality ratio and maternal health services. RESULTS: The yearly trend change of national maternal mortality ratio was - 1.76 (p < 0.01) after the introduction of Basic Public Health Service project in 2009, while the yearly trend change of maternal health record establish rate, prenatal examination rate, postpartum visit rate was 0.77 (p < 0.01), 0.61 (p < 0.01) and 0.83 (p < 0.01) separately. The negative correlations were also found between national maternal mortality ratio and prenatal examination rate (r = - 0.95, p < 0.01), maternal health record establish rate (r = - 0.93, p < 0.01) and postpartum visit rate (r = - 0.92, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The Basic Public Health Service project was found to be associated with the improvements in the maternal health services and reduction in maternal mortality. The design and implementation of the project may serve as a positive example for other developing countries. Continued monitoring and assessment of project effects should be stressed.


Assuntos
Programas Governamentais , Morte Materna/prevenção & controle , Serviços de Saúde Materna/normas , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , United States Public Health Service/normas , China/epidemiologia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Governo , Humanos , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Estudos Longitudinais , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Nações Unidas , Estados Unidos
18.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 7(3): 312-319, jul.-set. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005677

RESUMO

Relato de caso: neste estudo, foi relatado um óbito por LV, ocorrido em uma puérpera, no município de Palmas, Tocantins, cuja enfermidade não foi identificada durante a gestação, tampouco no período em que permaneceu hospitalizada; evidenciados os fatores que contribuíram para a letalidade do caso; e discutidas as formas adequadas de manejo. Conclusão: por meio de investigação rigorosa nos registros clínicos, laboratoriais e informações junto à família, foi detectada ausência de informações nos prontuários médicos, falhas no monitoramento da paciente, dificuldades de reconhecer um quadro grave de LV em puérpera e, com isso, a necessidade de atualização dos profissionais de saúde com relação à análise clínica e laboratorial, a fim de que haja uma avaliação mais apurada dos sintomas, detecção precoce das complicações, diagnóstico rápido, tratamento adequado e evitar a ocorrência de óbitos.


Case report: In this study, a death due to LV occurred in a puerpera, in the municipality of Palmas, Tocantins, whose disease was not identified during pregnancy, nor during the period in which she was hospitalized evidenced the factors that contributed to the lethality of the case; and discussed the appropriate forms of management. Conclusion: A rigorous investigation in the clinical, laboratorial and family records revealed a lack of information in the medical records, failure to monitor the patient, difficulties in recognizing a severe VL in the puerperium, and with this, the need for updating of health professionals with respect to clinical and laboratory analysis, in order to have a more accurate evaluation of symptoms, early detection of complications, rapid diagnosis, adequate treatment and avoiding the occurrence of deaths.


Assuntos
Leishmaniose Visceral , Gestantes , Morte Materna
19.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46506

RESUMO

Essa capacitação estimula a formação de equipes multidisciplinares, qualificadas e organizadas para o enfrentamento às emergências obstétricas, incentiva a adoção de protocolos para prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento da hemorragia pós-parto, motiva mudanças nos processos de trabalho e fluxos assistenciais, além de discutir a situação das emergências obstétricas, dos óbitos maternos e da organização da rede materno-infantil em cada estado.


Assuntos
Saúde da Mulher , Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Morte Materna
20.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0215282, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Maternal Mortality Ratio in Mozambique has stagnated at 405 deaths per 100,000 live births with virtually no progress over the last 15 years. Low Institutional Birth Rates (IBRs) levelling around 50% in many rural areas constitute one of the contributing reasons. Demand-side financing has successfully increased usage of maternal health services in other countries, but little information exists on in-kind incentives in rural Africa. The objective was to test the impact on Institutional Birth Rates of giving a USD 5.50 baby package incentive to every woman who came to give birth in a health centre in a rural, poor district of Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The intervention was implemented in one district in 2010 with the remaining 15 districts serving as controls. The total population in the 16 districts in 2006 was just under 1.5 million people. IBRs were observed from 2006 to 2013 (53 months before and 55 months after the intervention began). The non-intervention districts showed a slight increase, from a mean IBR of 0.39 (SD = 0.10) in 2006 to 0.67 (SD = 0.13) in 2014. The intervention district had a dramatic increase in IBRs within six months of the start of the intervention in 2010, which was sustained until the end of the study. Adjusting for the background increase and for confounders, including health facilities and health personnel per district, and taking clustering in districts into account, the estimated rate ratio of institutional births in the intervention district was 1.80 (95% CI 1.72, 1.89 p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Women were almost twice as likely to have an institutional birth following the introduction of the baby package.


Assuntos
Morte Materna/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Morte Perinatal/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Moçambique/epidemiologia , Pobreza , Recompensa , Serviços de Saúde Rural , Adulto Jovem
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