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1.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(4): e2019113, Oct.-Dec. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024144

RESUMO

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy used to be regarded as a rare untreatable cause of sudden death in young male athletes. This report is the case of a middle-aged female patient with hereditary hypertrophic cardiomyopathy masked by superimposed pericarditis and revealed by autopsy. This case report illustrates how co-morbidity can hide a crucial diagnosis. This case report also illustrates the value of autopsy disclosing a familial disease that is increasingly recognized and dramatically more treatable than a few decades ago. Sudden death due to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has become preventable, if the diagnosis is made soon enough. The lessons for patient care from this case include the importance of not missing the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in female patients.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica Familiar/patologia , Diagnóstico Tardio/prevenção & controle , Pericardite/patologia , Autopsia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Evolução Fatal
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18126, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852072

RESUMO

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of mortality in China. This study collected reference data for future programs of prevention of SCD among the ethnic Kazakh and Han populations in Xinjiang, China.From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015, 2 monitoring locations in northern Xinjiang China were utilized. These locations were selected based on the geographic, economic, and administrative structures of the ethnic Kazakh settlements in Xinjiang. Investigators were trained to investigate SCDs in Kazakh and Han people, a study population totaling more than 400,000. The populations were compared for SCD incidence.The average age of the Han population was significantly higher than that of the Kazakh. During the year 2015, there were 135 SCDs, specifically 67 and 68 in the Han and Kazakh populations, respectively, incidences of 37.94 and 36.2 per 100,000. After standardizing for age, the incidence in these populations was 29.36 and 51.85 per 100,000. Among those who experienced SCD, the prevalence of hypertension was higher in the Kazakh group than in the Han. The multivariate analysis of populations with SCD showed that, among the patients with coronary heart disease, the Kazakh were more likely to have SCD than the Han (odds ratio: 3.58, confidence interval: 1.18-10.95).Among the elderly, the incidence of SCD was much higher in the Kazakh population than in the Han population. Basic medical services and health education should be strengthened in the Kazakh pastoral areas.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etnologia , Grupos Étnicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
3.
Orv Hetil ; 160(46): 1810-1815, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707818

RESUMO

Sudden cardiac death is one of the leading causes of mortality in developed countries. When happens only immediate action can save the patient's life. A rather simple sequence of interventions (CPR - cardiopulmonary resuscitation) by the bystander witnessing the collapse could significantly increase the chance of survival yet it happens less than in half of the cases. One of the most important initiatives of the last decade was the simplification of basic life support guidelines and its trainings along with widely publicising its simplicity, importance and its effect on survival. The success of the initiative has been published by several studies showing an increasing number of bystander CPR worldwide, in Europe and in Hungary, too. Survival data have also increased moderately but by far not as much as it could be expected under ideal circumstances. This paper reviews the potential issues to be considered for increasing the numbers and improving the quality of bystander resuscitation. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(46): 1810-1815.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Hungria
4.
West Afr J Med ; 36(3): 286-289, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622494

RESUMO

Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous disease with multi-systemic involvement and with varied forms of presentation. The diagnosis can often be a challenge particularly due to the non-specific nature of the disease. It is often silent and may require no active treatment except during flares. We present the case of a middle age lady with pulmonary sarcoidosis who had sudden death from cardiac affectation without prior cardiac symptoms. We concluded that active cardiac assessment is a prudent step in patients presenting with sarcoidosis regardless of the organ of affectation at presentation or diagnosis.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/complicações , Cardiomiopatias , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/patologia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/patologia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17212, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567975

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Anomalous Origin of Left Coronary Arteries from the Pulmonary Artery (ALCAPA), also known as Bland-White-Garland (BWG), is a rare form of coronary artery anomaly that is usually discovered in the first few months of life. Only rarely can patients with this anomaly reach adulthood without symptoms. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 28-year-old female was witnessed suddenly collapse with a seizure-like episode by her colleagues at work. DIAGNOSIS AND INTERVENTION: Routine cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed by emergency medical service technologists. The patient was unable to be revived. Postmortem examination revealed the patient had ALCAPA with a focal chronic ischemic injury of the left ventricle. Moreover, a high take-off of the right coronary artery was also discovered. OUTCOMES: The patient passed away due to ALCAPA. The mechanism of death was cardiac arrhythmia being triggered by myocardial ischemic changes. LESSONS: In the rare cases where ALCAPA manifests in an asymptomatic adult, the mortality rate is very high. This case demonstrates the importance of awareness of such patients living under the tremendous risk of sudden cardiac death.


Assuntos
Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/patologia , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Doenças Assintomáticas , Autopsia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Feminino , Humanos
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e16982, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574797

RESUMO

To investigate factors predicting the onset of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for patients with non-ST-segment elevation infarction (NSTEMI) and single concomitant chronic total occlusion (CTO). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) both play essential role in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular homoeostasis. However, current knowledge of its predictive prognostic value is limited.422 patients with NSTEMI and CTO (59.7 ±â€Š12.4 years, 74.2% men) who underwent successful pPCI were enrolled and followed for 2 years. Multivariate cox regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were performed to determine the factors predicting MACCEs.140 patients (33.2%) experienced MACCEs in the follow-up period. Multivariate cox regression analysis found when we process the model with NGAL at admission, low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, HR = 0.963, 95% CI 0.940 to 0.987, P = .003) and fasting blood glucose (HR = 1.078, 95% CI 1.002 to 1.159, P = .044), but not NGAL at admission, were independent predictors of 2 years MACCEs. While HbA1C (HR = 1.119, 95% CI 1.014 to 1.234, P = .025), LVEF (HR = 0.963, 95% CI 0.939 to 0.987, P = .003), estimated glomerular filtration rate (HR = 1.020, 95% CI 1.006 to 1.035, P = .006) and NGAL value 7 day (HR = 1.020, 95% CI 1.006 to 1.035, P = .006) showed their predictive value in another model. ROC analysis indicated NGAL 7 day (AUC = 0.680, P = .0054 and AUC = 0.622, P = .0005) and LVEF (AUC = 0.691, P = .0298 and AUC = 0.605, P = .0021) could predict both in-hospital and 2 years MACCEs, while higher NGAL at admission could only predict poorer in-hospital prognosis (AUC = 0.665, P = .0103). Further analysis showed the prognostic value of NGAL was particularly remarkable among those HbA1C<6.5%.Patients with NSTEMI and single concomitant CTO receiving pPCI with higher NGAL on 7 days during hospitalization are more likely to suffer 2 years MACCEs, particularly in those with lower HbA1C.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/sangue , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Oclusão Coronária/complicações , Oclusão Coronária/fisiopatologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Volume Sistólico
7.
Lancet ; 394(10206): 1344-1351, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A small proportion of patients undergoing primary prophylactic implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) experiences malignant arrhythmias. We postulated that periodic repolarisation dynamics, a novel marker of sympathetic-activity-associated repolarisation instability, could be used to identify electrically vulnerable patients who would benefit from prophylactic implantation of ICDs by way of a reduction in mortality. METHODS: We did a prespecified substudy of EUropean Comparative Effectiveness Research to Assess the Use of Primary ProphylacTic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (EU-CERT-ICD), a prospective, investigator-initiated, non-randomised, controlled cohort study done at 44 centres in 15 EU countries. Patients aged 18 years or older with ischaemic or non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (≤35%) were eligible for inclusion if they met guideline-based criteria for primary prophylactic implantation of ICDs. Periodic repolarisation dynamics from 24-h Holter recordings were assessed blindly in patients the day before ICD implantation or on the day of study enrolment in patients who were conservatively managed. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Propensity scoring and multivariable models were used to assess the interaction between periodic repolarisation dynamics and the treatment effect of ICDs on mortality. FINDINGS: Between May 12, 2014, and Sept 7, 2018, 1371 patients were enrolled in our study. 968 of these patients underwent ICD implantation, and 403 were treated conservatively. During follow-up (median 2·7 years [IQR 2·0-3·3] in the ICD group and 1·2 years [0·8-2·7] in the control group), 138 (14%) patients died in the ICD group and 64 (16%) patients died in the control group. We noted a 43% reduction in mortality in the ICD group compared with the control group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0·57 [95% CI 0·41-0·79]; p=0·0008). Periodic repolarisation dynamics significantly predicted the treatment effect of ICDs on mortality (adjusted p=0·0307). The mortality benefits associated with ICD implantation were greater in patients with periodic repolarisation dynamics of 7·5 deg or higher (n=199; adjusted HR 0·25 [95% CI 0·13-0·47] for the ICD group vs the control group; p<0·0001) than in those with periodic repolarisation dynamics less than 7·5 deg (n=1166; adjusted HR 0·69 [95% CI 0·47-1·00]; p=0·0492; pinteraction=0·0056). The number needed to treat was 18·3 (95% CI 10·6-4895·3) in patients with periodic repolarisation dynamics less than 7·5 deg and 3·1 (2·6-4·8) in those with periodic repolarisation dynamics of 7·5 deg or higher. INTERPRETATION: Periodic repolarisation dynamics predict mortality reductions associated with prophylactic implantation of ICDs in contemporarily treated patients with ischaemic or non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy. Periodic repolarisation dynamics could help to guide treatment decisions about prophylactic ICD implantation. FUNDING: The European Community's 7th Framework Programme.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/complicações , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Volume Sistólico
8.
Lancet ; 394(10207): 1415-1424, 2019 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Remote ischaemic conditioning with transient ischaemia and reperfusion applied to the arm has been shown to reduce myocardial infarct size in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). We investigated whether remote ischaemic conditioning could reduce the incidence of cardiac death and hospitalisation for heart failure at 12 months. METHODS: We did an international investigator-initiated, prospective, single-blind, randomised controlled trial (CONDI-2/ERIC-PPCI) at 33 centres across the UK, Denmark, Spain, and Serbia. Patients (age >18 years) with suspected STEMI and who were eligible for PPCI were randomly allocated (1:1, stratified by centre with a permuted block method) to receive standard treatment (including a sham simulated remote ischaemic conditioning intervention at UK sites only) or remote ischaemic conditioning treatment (intermittent ischaemia and reperfusion applied to the arm through four cycles of 5-min inflation and 5-min deflation of an automated cuff device) before PPCI. Investigators responsible for data collection and outcome assessment were masked to treatment allocation. The primary combined endpoint was cardiac death or hospitalisation for heart failure at 12 months in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02342522) and is completed. FINDINGS: Between Nov 6, 2013, and March 31, 2018, 5401 patients were randomly allocated to either the control group (n=2701) or the remote ischaemic conditioning group (n=2700). After exclusion of patients upon hospital arrival or loss to follow-up, 2569 patients in the control group and 2546 in the intervention group were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. At 12 months post-PPCI, the Kaplan-Meier-estimated frequencies of cardiac death or hospitalisation for heart failure (the primary endpoint) were 220 (8·6%) patients in the control group and 239 (9·4%) in the remote ischaemic conditioning group (hazard ratio 1·10 [95% CI 0·91-1·32], p=0·32 for intervention versus control). No important unexpected adverse events or side effects of remote ischaemic conditioning were observed. INTERPRETATION: Remote ischaemic conditioning does not improve clinical outcomes (cardiac death or hospitalisation for heart failure) at 12 months in patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI. FUNDING: British Heart Foundation, University College London Hospitals/University College London Biomedical Research Centre, Danish Innovation Foundation, Novo Nordisk Foundation, TrygFonden.


Assuntos
Precondicionamento Isquêmico Miocárdico/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
9.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 700-704, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530356

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze and summarize the diagnosis and treatment experience of common inherited cardiac arrhythmia syndrome in pediatric patients, and explore the most appropriate therapy. Methods: A retrospective review identified 30 pediatric cases (19 males, 11 females) diagnosed with long QT syndrome (LQTS), Brugada syndrome (BrS), catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), arrhythmogenc right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) from January 2008 to December 2018 in the Pediatric Cardiology Department, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital. Data obtained included the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up outcome. Results: The most common inherited cardiac arrhythmia syndromes were LQTS (n=14) including 1 case with epilepsy, CPVT (n=5), HCM (n=7), ARVC (n=1), and BrS (n=3). Twenty-seven cases were admitted to hospital due to syncope, whereas the remaining 3 cases of BrS had not presented with syncope before admission. The average onset age of inherited arrhythmia was (10.0±3.3) years. Genetic testing was performed on 20 patients. The median follow-up time was 40 months. Among 15 patients who underwent implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and survived, 2 patients had frequent ICD discharge. One patient underwent radiofrequency ablation, and the other one received left cardiac sympathetic denervation and an increased ICD defibrillation threshold, and the number of ICD discharge was significantly reduced. Among 10 patients who received drug therapy, 4 patients including two patients who discontinued treatment without advices died. Two patients whose parents refused treatment died, 1 case diagnosed with unexplained sudden cerebral death, and the remaining 2 cases without indication for drug therapy survived without any treatment. Conclusions: Mortality rate is high in pediatric patients with inherited cardiac arrhythmia and syncope. The therapeutic effect of drugs are not satisfactory, ICD implantation is the most effective treatment to prevent sudden cardiac death currently, but the postoperative frequent discharge should be brought to the forefront and handled in time.


Assuntos
Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/genética , Síndrome de Brugada/genética , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/genética , Síndrome do QT Longo/genética , Taquicardia Ventricular/genética , Arritmias Cardíacas , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/mortalidade , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/terapia , Síndrome de Brugada/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Brugada/mortalidade , Síndrome de Brugada/terapia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/terapia , Criança , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Feminino , Seguimentos , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Síndrome do QT Longo/diagnóstico , Síndrome do QT Longo/mortalidade , Síndrome do QT Longo/terapia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síncope , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/mortalidade , Taquicardia Ventricular/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(8-9): 523-531, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471226

RESUMO

This review summarizes the main findings of the French multicentre DAI-PP pilot programme, and discusses the related clinical and research perspectives. This project included retrospectively (2002-2012 period) more than 5000 subjects with structural heart disease who received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death, and were followed for a mean period of 3 years. The pilot phase of the DAI-PP programme has provided valuable information on several practical and clinically relevant aspects of primary prevention ICD implantation in the real-world population, which are summarized in this review. This pilot has led to a prospective evaluation that started in May 2018, assessing ICD therapy in primary and secondary prevention in patients with structural and electrical heart diseases, with remote monitoring follow-up using a dedicated platform. This should further enhance our understanding of sudden cardiac death, to eventually optimize the field of preventative actions.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Projetos Piloto , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Wiad Lek ; 72(7): 1243-1246, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Inappropriate shocks in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) are associated with significant psychological and physical consequences and increased long-term mortality. The aim: To assess predictors associated with inappropriate high-energy discharges of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Material and Methods: Retrospective data analysis of 150 patients aged 64.2±12.8 years (84.7% male) admitted to the Hospital Emergency Department due to at least one cardioverter-defibrillator discharge was performed. All of the discharges were inappropriate in the group of 33 patients, and in the group of 117 patients at least one discharge was appropriate. The following data: age, gender, concomitant diseases, type of ICD implantation (primary vs. secondary prevention), type of discharge, number of discharges, serum potassium, and sodium concentration were collected. RESULTS: Results: Patients with only inappropriate discharges were younger, significantly more often had chronic atrial fibrillation, a significantly higher number of discharges, and ischaemic cardiomyopathy. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the occurrence of only inappropriate discharges was related to the number of discharges over three, the age of patients below 60 years, the serum sodium concentration between 135 mEq/L and 142 mEq/L, and the primary type of prevention of sudden cardiac death. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: 1. Predictors of inappropriate discharges include: age, serum sodium concentration, and primary type of indications for cardioverter-defibrillator implantation. 2. Further research is necessary to determine the influence of disturbances in the sodium economy on the occurrence of appropriate and inappropriate interventions of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Idoso , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Cardioversão Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 111-121, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384374

RESUMO

Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is the second leading cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes. The pathophysiology leading to sudden cardiac death, the specific risks associated with the different varieties of AAOCA, and the effects of different management strategies on the risk of sudden cardiac death are all unknown. This article describes the current knowledge of AAOCA, a proposed nomenclature for the different anatomic subtypes, the different modalities used to diagnose and characterize the disease, the available management strategies, and an algorithm used by the authors to diagnose and manage these patients.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/terapia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Algoritmos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/complicações , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
13.
Med Clin North Am ; 103(5): 809-820, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378327

RESUMO

With recent advances in genetic diagnostics, many inherited diseases, which can cause life-threatening arrhythmias, are being better characterized. Many of these diseases are caused by genetic disorders that affect the function of the ion channels that regulate the action potential or the function of important cardiac muscle regulatory proteins. This article summarizes the diseases that we have learned about, such as the long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. The article examines the diagnosis, genetic screening of patients and their relatives, management, and referral to a specialist for further therapy.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/congênito , Canalopatias/diagnóstico , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Canalopatias/complicações , Humanos , Prognóstico , Avaliação de Sintomas
14.
Med Clin North Am ; 103(5): 881-895, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378332

RESUMO

Ventricular tachycardia is commonly seen in medical practice. It may be completely benign or portend high risk for sudden cardiac death. Therefore, it is important that clinicians be familiar with and able to promptly recognize and manage ventricular tachycardia when confronted with it clinically. In many cases, curative therapy for a given ventricular arrhythmia may be provided after a thorough understanding of the underlying substrate and mechanism. In this article, the authors broadly review the current classification of the different ventricular arrhythmias encountered in medical practice, provide brief background regarding the different mechanisms, and discuss practical diagnosis and management scenarios.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/terapia , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Taquicardia Ventricular/complicações , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico
15.
Med Clin North Am ; 103(5): 913-930, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378334

RESUMO

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a leading cause of death in the United States. Despite improvements in therapy, the incidence of SCD as a proportion of overall cardiovascular death remains relatively unchanged. This article aims to answer the question, "Who is at risk for SCD?" In the process, it reviews the definition, pathophysiology, epidemiology, and risk factors of SCD. Patients at risk for SCD and appropriate treatment strategies are discussed.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
Forensic Sci Int ; 302: 109906, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419596

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to determine the molecular mechanism of sudden death in a previously healthy patient. Clinical exome sequencing revealed I536T-RBM20 variant, which alters RNA splicing of TTN and is causative for dilated cardiomyopathy. Comprehensive RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was also performed in the patient samples and the control samples. Splicing abnormality was compared in cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle. RNA-seq analysis of the cardiac and skeletal muscle showed abnormal splicing of LDB3, not of TTN. Exon 11 of LDB3 was abnormally included in the patient samples compared with the control samples. This abnormal LDB3 splicing pattern in skeletal muscle has been reported in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) patients. We, thus, confirmed that the patient had expanded CTG repeat in DMPK and the diagnosis was genetically DM1. This finding suggest that one of the molecular mechanisms of sudden cardiac death in this asymptomatic subclinical DM1 patient might be LDB3 abnormal splicing due to the CTG repeat in DMPK, rather than RBM20 variant. RNA-seq analysis is useful to determine the exact molecular diagnosis for sudden cardiac death.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Distrofia Miotônica/diagnóstico , Processamento de RNA , Doenças Assintomáticas , Éxons , Humanos , Masculino , Miotonina Proteína Quinase/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Expansão das Repetições de Trinucleotídeos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 17(9): 645-651, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422711

RESUMO

Introduction: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetically determined disease associated with a significant risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are the only effective preventive measure. Over the past 30 years, much effort has been invested in determining predictors of adverse arrhythmic events in these patients. Areas covered: This review summarizes available evidence on risk stratification for ARVC, with an emphasis on recent research findings. While efforts are ongoing to define risk predictors, several recent publications have synthetized and built on this knowledge base. A recently published meta-analysis has clarified the strongest predictors of ventricular arrhythmias in ARVC, which vary depending on the population included. Three management guidelines/expert consensus documents have integrated the previously described risk predictors into proposed ICD recommendations. Furthermore, a risk prediction model has allowed the integration of multiple risk factors to provide individualized risk prediction and to inform shared-decision making regarding ICD implantation. Expert opinion: Over the past few years, knowledge of risk prediction in ARVC has been consolidated and refined. Further improvements may be made by the considering additional predictors such as exercise and by targeting more specific surrogate outcomes for SCD.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/complicações , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
18.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1083-1090, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447468

RESUMO

Contemporary studies have identified rs10494366 in the nitric oxide synthase 1 adaptor protein (NOS1AP) gene as a new genetic marker in modulating the QT interval and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in general populations. However, the conclusions were not coincident. Therefore, we conducted for the first time a system evaluation of the relativity of rs10494366, the QT interval, and sudden death by meta-analysis. In our study, the meta-analysis displayed the GG genotype of rs10494366 correlated with the QT interval in women with no heterogeneity, and in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with minor heterogeneity. In the Caucasian population, the correlation of rs10494366 and sudden death was significant. The heterogeneity referred to the relevance between rs10494366 and sudden death in the Asian population. In conclusion, the minor allele of rs10494366 may have an impact on the QT interval in women or DM patients and may have a potential role in sudden death in the Caucasian population.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Síndrome do QT Longo/genética , Síndrome do QT Longo/mortalidade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etnologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol ; 30(3): 298-305, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410560

RESUMO

The specification of standard operating procedures (SOPs) is a basic requirement for a successful implementation of telemonitoring with implanted cardiac devices and with external measuring devices in patients with heart failure, cardiac arrhytmia or increased risk of sudden cardiac death. The following article summarizes the possibilities of telemonitoring from a technical and organizational point of view and descibes basic requirements on SOPs. these basic requirements should be further specified and anchored in the organizational structure of the individual telemonitoring concept. Moreover, they should de understood as a basic guideline fpr the actions of telemonitoring center (TMC) employees.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Telemedicina , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Humanos
20.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(658): 1366-1369, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411823

RESUMO

Sudden cardiac death in young athletes has become a highly visible public health issue and it has been studied for the last twenty years. In this article, we analyse the most recent literature about epidemiology and aetiology of sudden cardiac death in Switzerland in comparison to international data. We cover last recommendations for pre-participation screening in athletes and we briefly describe the strategies of secondary prevention.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Eletrocardiografia , Exercício , Atletas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Prevenção Secundária , Suíça
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