Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.432
Filtrar
1.
J Med Life ; 13(2): 138-143, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32742504

RESUMO

Treatment with anticancer drugs such as cyclophosphamide can harm the male reproductive system. Vitamin C and zinc are micronutrients with antioxidant activity and are the essential components of semen. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate whether cyclophosphamide-exposed mice can recover from fertility with vitamin C and zinc therapy. In this experimental study, fifty male mice were divided into five groups. Groups 1-4 received cyclophosphamide (100 mg/kg, once a week for eight weeks). Also, group 2 received zinc (200 mg/kg), group 3 received vitamin C (300 mg/kg), group 4 received zinc and vitamin C (200 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg, respectively), five times per week for eight weeks, and group 5 received normal saline once a week and water five days a week for eight weeks. The data collected were statistically analyzed using SPSS 22. Results showed a significant increase in mount latency and a significant decrease in the number of sperms in the cyclophosphamide group compared to the control group. However, mount latency has been significantly decreased in mice treated with cyclophosphamide plus zinc compared to the cyclophosphamide group. The study also showed that the sperm count in the group that received cyclophosphamide and zinc had been increased compared to the cyclophosphamide group; the other treatments have decreased mount latency and increased the sperm count compared to the group treated with cyclophosphamide but not significantly. The Tubule Differentiation Index showed an increase in the cyclophosphamide-Zinc-Vitamin C group in comparison with the cyclophosphamide group. The current study showed that zinc could improve cyclophosphamide-induced toxicity of the reproductive system in male mice.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Zinco/farmacologia , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Hormônios/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Comportamento Sexual Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Life Sci ; 258: 118242, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784056

RESUMO

AIMS: As the spermatogenesis process is targeted by cisplatin (Cis) that changes testicular morphology, alters sperm quality, and hence causes male infertility. This study investigated the possible therapeutic effects of l-carnitine (LC) on Cis impaired spermatogenesis's establishment during the prepubertal phase. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six prepubertal Sprague Dawley male rats were divided into four groups. CONTROL GROUP: rats were injected with 0.9% saline solution intraperitoneally (i.p.). LC group: animals were injected for eight weeks, with 250 mg/kg/wk. LC (i.p.). Cis group: animals were injected with a single dose of 5 mg/kg Cis (i.p.). LC + Cis group: animals were pre-injected with LC 250 mg/kg 2 h before Cis injection. The rats were sacrificed at 37, 60, and 90 days old, and their testes were taken for biochemical, molecular, and histopathological studies. The motility, viability, morphology, and DNA fragmentation of sperm in adult rats were also measured. KEY FINDINGS: Group treated with LC and Cis showed an increase in antioxidant and hormonal activity compared to the Cis treated group in the pre and post-pubertal period. Moreover, there was an increase in sperm survival, motility, and DNA integrity. Furthermore, LC showed an increase in the anti-apoptotic and chromatin remodeling genes and a decrease in the pro-inflammatory genes. SIGNIFICANCE: LC could enhance the spermatogenesis process after exposure to Cis during the prepubertal phase by restoring the balance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidant activity, improving hormonal activity, sperm quality and DNA integrity, promoting protamination and blood-testis barrier integrity, and maintaining the testicular architecture.


Assuntos
Carnitina/farmacologia , Cisplatino/toxicidade , Infertilidade Masculina/prevenção & controle , Infertilidade Masculina/fisiopatologia , Maturidade Sexual/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Carnitina/uso terapêutico , Infertilidade Masculina/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Maturidade Sexual/fisiologia , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Motilidade Espermática/fisiologia , Espermatogênese/fisiologia
3.
Nanotoxicology ; 14(8): 1039-1057, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813582

RESUMO

Oysters are keystone species that use external fertilization as a sexual mode. The gametes are planktonic and face a wide range of stressors, including plastic litter. Nanoplastics are of increasing concern because their size allows pronounced interactions with biological membranes, making them a potential hazard to marine life. In the present study, oyster spermatozoa were exposed for 1 h to various doses (from 0.1 to 25 µg mL-1) of 50-nm polystyrene beads with amine (50-NH2 beads) or carboxyl (50-COOH beads) functions. Microscopy revealed adhesion of particles to the spermatozoa membranes, but no translocation of either particle type into cells. Nevertheless, the 50-NH2 beads at 10 µg mL-1 induced a high spermiotoxicity, characterized by a decrease in the percentage of motile spermatozoa (-79%) and in the velocity (-62%) compared to control spermatozoa, with an overall drop in embryogenesis success (-59%). This major reproduction failure could be linked to a homeostasis disruption in exposed spermatozoa. The 50-COOH beads hampered spermatozoa motility only when administered at 25 µg mL-1 and caused a decrease in the percentage of motile spermatozoa (-66%) and in the velocity (-38%), but did not affect embryogenesis success. Microscopy analyses indicated these effects were probably due to physical blockages by microscale aggregates formed by the 50-COOH beads in seawater. This toxicological study emphasizes that oyster spermatozoa are a useful and sensitive model for (i) deciphering the fine interactions underpinning nanoplastic toxicity and (ii) evaluating adverse effects of plastic nanoparticles on marine biota while waiting for their concentration to be known in the environment.


Assuntos
Crassostrea/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Masculino , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/patologia
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4191-4203, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606672

RESUMO

Purpose: To characterize the nanoparticle of antroquinonol from A. cinnamomea and its ameliorative effects on the reproductive dysfunction in the diabetic male rat. Material and Methods: The chitosan-silicate nanoparticle was used as the carrier for the delivery of antroquinonol from solid-state-cultured A. cinnamomea extract (AC). The rats were fed with a high-fat diet and intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin to induce diabetes. The rats were daily oral gavage by water [Diabetes (DM) and Control groups], three different doses of chitosan-silicate nanoparticle of antroquinonol from solid-state-cultured A. cinnamomea (nano-SAC, NAC): (DM+NAC1x, 4 mg/kg of body weight; DM+NAC2x, 8 mg/kg; and DM+NAC5x, 20 mg/kg), solid-state-cultured AC (DM+AC5x, 20 mg/kg), or metformin (DM+Met, 200 mg/kg) for 7 weeks. Results: The nano-SAC size was 37.68±5.91 nm, the zeta potential was 4.13±0.49 mV, encapsulation efficiency was 79.29±0.77%, and loading capacity was 32.45±0.02%. The nano-SAC can improve diabetes-induced reproductive dysfunction by regulating glucose, insulin, and oxidative enzyme and by increasing the level of testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and sperm count as well as sperm mobility. In testicular histopathology, the seminiferous tubules of A. cinnamomea-supplemented diabetic rats showed similar morphology with the control group. Conclusion: The nanoparticle of antroquinonol from Antrodia cinnamomea can be used as an effective strategy to improve diabetes-induced testicular dysfunction.


Assuntos
Antrodia/química , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/química , Reprodução , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Jejum/sangue , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Insulina/efeitos adversos , Insulina/sangue , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/fisiopatologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Estreptozocina , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/patologia , Ubiquinona/farmacologia , Ubiquinona/uso terapêutico
5.
Chemosphere ; 259: 127493, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622245

RESUMO

Pentachlorophenol (PCP), a highly toxic contaminant of chlorophenols, is common in a variety of environments and presents serious risks to animal and human health. However, the reproductive toxicity and potential actions of PCP have not been investigated thoroughly, especially in humans. Here, human spermatozoa were used to evaluate the effect of PCP on cell function and to explore the underlying mechanisms. PCP had no substantive effects on sperm viability or motility, nor on the ability to penetrate viscous medium, sperm hyperactivation or spontaneous acrosome reactions. However, PCP significantly inhibited these properties induced by progesterone (P4). Consistent with the functional observations, although PCP itself did not affect the basal intracellular Ca2+ concentrations and CatSper current, PCP dose-dependently inhibited increases of intracellular Ca2+ concentrations caused by P4. In addition, the activation of CatSper induced by P4 was largely suppressed by PCP. This is the first report showing that PCP may serves as an antagonist of the P4 membrane receptor to interfere with Ca2+ signaling by compromising the action of P4 on regulating sperm function. These findings suggest that the reproductive toxicity of PCP should also be a matter of concern as a mammalian health risk.


Assuntos
Pentaclorofenol/farmacologia , Progesterona/farmacologia , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Reação Acrossômica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Canais de Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos , Canais de Cálcio/metabolismo , Canais de Cálcio/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pentaclorofenol/metabolismo , Reprodução , Análise do Sêmen , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Viscosidade
6.
Anim Sci J ; 91(1): e13428, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677083

RESUMO

Boar cryopreserved semen is scarcely used for artificial insemination due to its quality which is largely reduced by membrane lipid peroxidation. This present study was designed to improve the post-thawed boar semen quality by determining the optimal level of sericin supplementation (antioxidants) in semen extender. Five levels of sericin supplementation between 0% and 1% (w/v) were examined. Semen was frozen by the liquid nitrogen vapor method, thawed slowly at 5°C for 5 min, and used for the evaluation of sperm quality. The results indicated 0.5%-1% sericin supplementation was more effective on maintenance of sperm viability, acrosome integrity, and mitochondrial functions during freezing-thawing. Moreover, 0.75% sericin supplementation was most protective toward total sperm motility and sperm progressive motility. Additionally, 0.25%-0.75% sericin supplementation significantly suppressed increases in the index of lipid peroxidation. In conclusion, 0.75% sericin is recommended as an alternative component of the freezing extender to improve cryopreserved boar semen. However, further research using AI will be necessary to demonstrate that this indication can be applied to the production of offspring in the farms.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Bombyx/química , Criopreservação/métodos , Crioprotetores , Análise do Sêmen/veterinária , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Sericinas , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Acrossomo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Preservação do Sêmen/efeitos adversos , Sericinas/farmacologia , Suínos
7.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234339, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516324

RESUMO

Hypothermic storage of boar semen provides the possibility to omit antibiotics from semen extenders so long as sperm quality is maintained and bacterial growth prevented. The objective of this study was to determine an optimal cooling-rate frame for boar semen preserved at 5°C in an antibiotic-free extender. Semen from eight boars extended in AndroStar® Premium was cooled from 30°C to 5°C using seven different cooling rates, ranging initially from 0.01 to 0.36°C min-1 and reaching 5°C between 2 h and 24 h after dilution. Sperm motility, membrane integrity, membrane fluidity, mitochondrial membrane potential and the response to the capacitation stimulus bicarbonate remained at a high level for 144 h at 5°C when the semen was initially cooled in a cooling-rate frame ranging from 0.01 to 0.09°C min­1 in the temperature zone from 30 to 25°C, followed by 0.02 to 0.06°C min-1 to 10°C and 0.01 to 0.02°C min­1 to the final storage temperature. A cooling rate of 0.07°C min-1 in the temperature zone from 30 to 10°C led to a reduced response to bicarbonate (P < 0.01) and fast cooling to 5°C within 1 h with a cooling rate of 0.31°C min-1 resulted in lower values (P > 0.05) of all sperm parameters. In a further experiment, slow cooling with a holding time of 6 h at 22°C induced after 6 h storage a temporary increase in Escherichia coli of 0.5 × 103 to 2.4 × 103 CFU mL-1 in the sperm-free inoculated extender. Overall, the load of mesophilic bacteria in the stored semen was below 6 × 103 CFU mL-1, a level that is not regarded as critical for sperm quality. In conclusion, appropriate cooling protocols were established for the antibiotic-free storage of boar semen at 5°C, allowing the application of hypothermic preservation in research and in artificial insemination.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/métodos , Preservação do Sêmen/métodos , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Animais , Secreções Corporais/efeitos dos fármacos , Líquidos Corporais/efeitos dos fármacos , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Masculino , Sêmen/efeitos dos fármacos , Sêmen/metabolismo , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Sus scrofa/metabolismo , Suínos , Temperatura
8.
Toxicology ; 440: 152489, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416107

RESUMO

Busulfan is commonly used for cancer chemotherapy, nevertheless it cause male infertility via damaging the germ cells. Therefore, the underlying mechanism should be explored. In the present study, we demonstrated for the first time that ferroptosis was involved in busulfan-induced oligospermia in mice. Mice were given testicular injection of busulfan on both sides at the dose of 4 mg/kg body weight to establish the model of oligospermia. Four weeks later, the results showed that busulfan-treated mice exhibited decreased sperm concentration and motility, along with features of typical ferroptosis in testis, such as increased malondialdehyde (MDA) content and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS2) mRNA expression, and decreased NADPH content. Inhibition of ferroptosis by ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) or deferoxamine (DFO) partially alleviated busulfan-induced oligospermia in mice. Additionally, we also revealed that busulfan treatment induced spermatogenic cells ferroptosis by down-regulating nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) expressions, and decreasing iron efflux through reduction of ferroportin 1 (FPN1) expression. Fer-1 or DFO obviously reversed busulfan-induced ferroptosis by increasing Nrf2, GPX4 and FPN1 expressions. Furthermore, after activation of Nrf2 by sulforaphane, sperm concentration and motility in busulfan-treated mice increased, accompanied by enhanced expressions of GPX4 and FPN1. These findings imply that busulfan-induced ferroptosis might be mediated via inhibition of Nrf2-GPX4 (FPN1) signaling pathway, and highlight that targeting ferroptosis serves as a potential strategy for prevention of busulfan-induced damage and male infertility.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/toxicidade , Bussulfano/toxicidade , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Oligospermia/induzido quimicamente , Oligospermia/prevenção & controle , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/antagonistas & inibidores , Cicloexilaminas/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Desferroxamina/farmacologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/antagonistas & inibidores , Oligospermia/patologia , Fenilenodiaminas/farmacologia , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/patologia
9.
Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr ; 1862(9): 183357, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416195

RESUMO

Ram sperm are particularly sensitive to freeze-thawing mainly due to their lipid composition, limiting their use in artificial insemination programs. We evaluated the extent of cholesterol and desmosterol incorporation into ram sperm through incubation with increasing concentrations of methyl-ß-cyclodextrin (MßCD)-sterol complexes, and its effect on membrane biophysical properties, membrane lateral organization and cryopreservation outcome. Sterols were effectively incorporated into the sperm membrane at 10 and 25 mM MßCD-sterols, similarly increasing membrane lipid order at physiological temperature and during temperature decrease. Differential ordering effect of sterols in ternary-mixture model membranes revealed a reduced tendency of desmosterol of segregating into ordered domains. Live cell imaging of fluorescent cholesterol showed sterol incorporation and evidenced the presence of sperm sub-populations compatible with different sterol contents and a high concentration of sterol rich-ordered domains mainly at the acrosome plasma membrane. Lateral organization of the plasma membrane, assessed by identification of GM1-related rafts, was preserved after sterol incorporation except when high levels of sterols (25 mM MßCD-desmosterol) were incorporated. Ram sperm incubation with 10 mM MßCD-sterols prior to cryopreservation in a cholesterol-free extender improved sperm quality parameters after cooling and freezing. While treatment with 10 mM MßCD-cholesterol increased sperm motility, membrane integrity and tolerance to osmotic stress after thawing, incorporation of desmosterol increased the ability of ram sperm to overcome osmotic stress. Our research provides evidence on the effective incorporation and biophysical behavior of cholesterol and desmosterol in ram sperm membranes and on their consequences in improving functional parameters of sperm after temperature decrease and freezing.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Criopreservação , Desmosterol/farmacologia , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Animais , Masculino , Ovinos , beta-Ciclodextrinas/farmacologia
10.
Res Vet Sci ; 131: 153-158, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387554

RESUMO

The maintenance of high vitality and motility of ram's spermatozoa during storage at low temperatures has a crucial role for successful fertilization. This study evaluates the effect of the natural antioxidant oregonin on ram semen quality, stored at 5 °C for 48 h. Еighteen ejaculates (three repetitions for 6 ejaculates) from three local breed rams, collecting by artificial vagina, with volume > 1 ml, concentration > 1 × 109/ml and mass motility >3.5 were used for chilling. Each ejaculate was separated in two equal parts, diluted with Tris-glucose-glycerol-egg yolk extender with no oregonin or supplemented with 100µÐœ oregonin until adjustment of the sperm concentration to 200 × 106 cells/ml and stored at 5 °C for 48 h. The semen quality assessment was based on the main kinematic (by CASA analysis), morphological parameters (by BrightVit kit staining) and mitochondrial status (by MitoView staining) of the spermatozoa on 0, 24 and 48 h of storage, and on in vivo fertility test. Oregonin did not impair the morphology and kept sustained motility of ram spermatozoa stored at 5 °C for 48 h. The curvilinear velocity indicated faster movement of the oregonin treated sperms that corresponded with high percent of spermatozoa with active mitochondria in these samples. The fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa was preserved and pregnancy rate in the experimental group was 80% versus 60% in control. In conclusion, this study provides a new data about positive effect of the natural antioxidant oregonin, supplemented to the extender, on chilled ram semen quality, including fertilizing ability.


Assuntos
Alnus/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Diarileptanoides/farmacologia , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Ovinos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Temperatura Baixa , Diarileptanoides/química , Gema de Ovo , Feminino , Fertilização , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Masculino , Casca de Planta , Gravidez , Análise do Sêmen , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 112(3): 707-719, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32453396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unknown which compounds in spermatozoa or seminal plasma may be involved in the regulation of sperm motility. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of DHA (22:6n-3), vitamin E, and their probable interactions in men with asthenozoospermia. METHODS: A factorial, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in infertility clinics in Tehran, Iran. The participants were idiopathic asthenozoospermic men aged 20-45 y, with normal endocrine function. Their concentration of spermatozoa and percentage of morphologically normal spermatozoa were equal to or above the lower reference limits, according to the fifth edition of the WHO guideline. Out of 717 men referred to the infertility clinics, 180 asthenozoospermic men were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups according to stratified blocked randomization by age and sperm concentration. Participants took daily 465 mg DHA plus 600 IU vitamin E (DE), 465 mg DHA plus placebo (DP), 600 IU vitamin E plus placebo (EP), or both placebo capsules (PP) for 12 wk. Sperm characteristics, oxidative stress of seminal plasma, serum and sperm membrane fatty acids, dietary intakes, anthropometric measurements, and physical activity were measured at baseline and after 12 wk. RESULTS: After the intervention, mean ± SD sperm progressive motility was greater in the DE group (27.9 ± 2.8) than in the DP (25.7 ± 3.4), EP (26.1 ± 2.8), and PP (25.8 ± 2.6) groups (P < 0.05). Sperm count (P = 0.001) and concentration (P = 0.044) increased significantly in the DE group compared with the other 3 groups, whereas other semen parameters were not significantly different between the groups after the intervention. Serum concentrations of n-3 PUFAs were significantly higher in the DE and DP groups than in the EP and PP groups. CONCLUSIONS: Combined DHA and vitamin E supplements led to increased sperm motility; however, no significant changes occurred in sperm morphology and vitality in asthenozoospermic men.This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01846325.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/administração & dosagem , Infertilidade Masculina/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Sêmen/metabolismo , Espermatozoides/citologia , Vitamina E/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/metabolismo , Infertilidade Masculina/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfolipídeos/química , Sêmen/química , Sêmen/efeitos dos fármacos , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Toxicology ; 441: 152504, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445656

RESUMO

Manganese (Mn) is essential for animal development and homeostasis. However, anthropogenic activities increase the concentration of Mn in the environment and lead to increased risk of exposure to high doses of the metal. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of high doses of Mn on the male reproductive system of swiss mice. The 22-day old mice were randomly sorted into four groups and exposed to 0 (control), 15, 30 and 60 mg of MnCl2/kg/day, via daily gavages for 45 days. After the exposure, the mice were euthanized and sperm, hormonal and oxidative stress endpoints were evaluated in the testis, seminal vesicle and hypothalamus. Exposure to Mn promoted weight reduction of androgen-dependent organs, as well as alteration of the levels of fecal androgenic metabolites. Sperm parameters were drastically affected in all treated groups and the antioxidants tested (catalase and glutathione-disulfide reductase activities, and non-protein thiols content) decreased in the testis. However, only a few endpoints were altered in the seminal vesicle. For the hypothalamus, there was a reduction in acetylcholinesterase activity, suggesting a neurotoxic potential of Mn. In conclusion, Mn may affect the hypothalamic-gonadal axis by impairing the development of androgen-dependent organs, testicular redox status and Leydig cell maturation.


Assuntos
Genitália Masculina/efeitos dos fármacos , Manganês/toxicidade , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Androgênios/análise , Animais , Fezes/química , Genitália Masculina/metabolismo , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Testosterona/sangue
13.
Chemosphere ; 256: 127001, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447106

RESUMO

N, N-Dimethylacetamide is an FDA approved solvent widely used in pharmaceutical industry to facilitate the solubility of lipophilic, high molecular weight drugs with poor water solubility. However, the cytotoxic effects of DMA raises the concern about its use in clinical applications. In the present study, we address the effect of DMA on spermatogenesis. Male Sprague Dawley rats were injected intra-peritoneally for 8 weeks, once a week at a dose of 862 mg/kg. Analysis of reproductive parameters revealed that DMA treated animals exhibit spermatid formation defects within the testis describing the characteristics of oligozoospermia. A subsequent decrease in epididymal sperm concentration along with distortion of sperm morphology was observed. The mitochondrial and microtubule organization in the sperm is considerably modified by DMA. This disrupts the sperm kinetics thus decreasing the total and progressive sperm motility. Finally, DMA treatment resulted in loss of fertility. Our results indicate that exposure to DMA has a negative impact on spermatogenesis and leads to infertility in male rats by inhibiting the post meiotic stages of sperm development. Therefore, the use of DMA in humans must be closely monitored.


Assuntos
Acetamidas/toxicidade , Excipientes/toxicidade , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fertilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Infertilidade , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodução , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6508, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300246

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is involved in the physiology and pathophysiology of different cell types, but little is known about its role in sperm cells. Because of its reducing properties, we hypothesise that H2S protects spermatozoa against the deleterious effects of oxidative stress, a condition that is common to several male fertility disorders. This study aimed i) to determine the total antioxidant capacities of Na2S and GYY4137, which are fast- and slow-releasing H2S donors, respectively, and ii) to test whether H2S donors are able to protect spermatozoa against oxidative stress. We found that Na2S and GYY4137 show different antioxidant properties, with the total antioxidant capacity of Na2S being mostly unstable and even undetectable at 150 µM. Moreover, both H2S donors preserve sperm motility and reduce acrosome loss, although the effects were both dose and donor dependent. Within the range of concentrations tested (3-300 µM), GYY4137 showed positive effects on sperm motility, whereas Na2S was beneficial at the lowest concentration but detrimental at the highest. Our findings show that Na2S and GYY4137 have different antioxidant properties and suggest that both H2S donors might be used as in vitro therapeutic agents against oxidative stress in sperm cells, although the optimal therapeutic range differs between the compounds.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Morfolinas/farmacologia , Compostos Organotiofosforados/farmacologia , Sulfetos/farmacologia , Suínos
15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 196: 110512, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244115

RESUMO

Although there are numerous studies on bisphenol A (BPA) on the testis and spermatozoa, the effect of BPA on the physiological link between the testis and maturation of spermatozoa has not been studied. To provide an optimal environment (acidic pH) for sperm maturation in the epididymis, clear cells secrete protons and principal cells reabsorb bicarbonate and the secreted proton. Because of its crucial role in sperm maturation and fertility, functional changes in the epididymis following BPA exposure must be considered to fully understand the mechanisms of BPA on male fertility. Here, we identified the adverse effects of BPA exposure during puberty in male mice. CD-1 male mice were gavaged daily with vehicle (corn oil) and 50 mg BPA/kg-BW for 6 weeks. We determined the changes in epididymis, functional sperm parameters including motility, capacitation status, tyrosine phosphorylation, and fertility-related protein expression and in vitro and in vivo fertility rate following BPA exposure. Expression of vacuolar-type H + -ATPase is necessary for the secretion of protons by clear cells of the caput epididymis and was directly down-regulated following BPA exposure, while there were no changes in the other epithelial cell types in the epididymis. Also, pERK 1/2 signaling pathway was increased significantly in the caput epididymis following BPA exposure. Consequently, the luminal pH slightly increased, resulting in premature capacitation of spermatozoa. Moreover, there was a significant loss of the acrosomal membrane following an increase of protein tyrosine phosphorylation, while PKA activity decreased during sperm capacitation. Fertility-related proteins also showed aberrant expression upon BPA exposure. These modifications resulted in decreased male fertility in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Fertilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/toxicidade , Maturação do Esperma/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bicarbonatos/metabolismo , Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais , Capacitação Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 197: 110622, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311616

RESUMO

Sperm morphology and performance traits are key determinants of male fertilization success, particularly when females copulate with multiple males. Such sperm traits have been reported to be influenced by environmental pollutants in various animals; however, such studies remain rare in free-living birds exposed to heavy metal pollution. In the present study, we selected tree sparrow (Passer montanus) as the study object to explore the effect of long-term environmental heavy metal pollution on sperm morphology (assessed mainly by using the dimensions of different sperm components and the sperm abnormality rates) and sperm performance (indicated by sperm velocity), and to elucidate potential relationships between variations in sperm morphology and performance. Sperm ATP concentration was also assessed considering sperm morphology and performance could be linked via energy availability. According to our results, tree sparrows from heavy metal polluted area (1) accumulated cadmium at a higher level in their testes; (2) produced longer sperm with lower abnormality rates, in addition to sperm with longer flagella and smaller head/flagellum ratios; (3) their sperm swam faster compared to those from the relatively unpolluted area, while no differences were observed in sperm ATP concentrations. We also found that the levels of lead and cadmium in testes affected the sperm nucleus length, and the level of copper in testes was negatively related to the proportions of abnormal sperm. Furthermore, the present study showed that sperm velocity was negatively correlated with sperm head lengths, head/flagellum ratios and ATP concentrations. Our study results reveal that sperm morphology and performance in tree sparrows show positive variations to maximize male fertility ability under long-term environmental heavy metal pollution, where males increase sperm flagellum lengths to decrease head/flagellum ratios, as opposed to varying sperm energy production, to achieve higher sperm velocity.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Pardais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cádmio/toxicidade , Feminino , Fertilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/patologia
17.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 52(4): 2169-2177, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124183

RESUMO

Peroxidation damage induces sublethal injury to boar sperm during preservation. Rosmarinic acid (RA) has already been verified to efficiently protect cells from oxidant-induced injury and to produce significant effect on cryopreservation of semen. Through our experiments, we aim at investigating whether RA has a positive effect on the preservation of pig semen at room temperature. The semen collected from sexually mature Large White boars were preserved at 17 °C in Beltsville thawing solution (BTS) supplied. The boar sperm were exposed to 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, 125 and 150 µM RA in vitro and the sperm functions were examined. The sperm motility, the acrosome and plasma membrane integrity, the catalase activity (CAT), the total antioxidative capacity (T-AOC) activity and the malondialdehyde content (MDA) were examined at 0, 1, 3 and 5 days. The BTS diluent containing RA improved the sperm quality during the process of liquid preservation compared with the control treatment. After 5 days of liquid preservation, the addition of RA at 100 µM produced an optimal effect on the survival time as well as on the maintenance of motility, acrosome and plasma membrane integrity; T-AOC activity; CAT activity; and the MDA content. Besides, our results in the reproductive experiments showed that the addition of RA at 100 µM to the BTS diluent increased the pregnancy rate. These results suggest that the proper concentration of RA in boar semen extenders possibly improves the artificial insemination efficiency by reducing the sperm damage and the subsequent dysfunction during liquid preservation in swine production systems.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Sêmen/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Criopreservação/veterinária , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Suínos
18.
Endocrinology ; 161(4)2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157297

RESUMO

AIM: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) produces pleiotropic effects binding to the GLP-1 receptor (GLP1-R), potentiating insulin secretion in the pancreas. GLP1-R is expressed in peripheral tissues and evidence for its role in reproduction has come from knockout mice, although the relationship between GLP-1 and male fertility needs to be clarified. Given that human sperm is an insulin-sensitive and insulin-secreting cell, we hypothesized that the GLP-1/GLP1-R axis may be expressed and functional in these cells. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: We revealed the presence of GLP1-R by Western blotting and immunofluorescence analyses. Because Exendin-4 (Ex-4) displays similar functional properties to native GLP-1, we used this agonist to perform a dose-response study on progressive motility and cholesterol efflux, showing that 300 pM Ex-4 was the most effective treatment. These actions are mediated by GLP1-R and independent from sperm-secreted insulin. The exposure to Ex-4 fueled phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling and was reversed by H89, indicating a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependence of GLP-1/GLP1-R signaling. It emerged that in sperm, insulin secretion regulated by Ex-4 did not occur in a strictly glucose-dependent manner. A stimulatory action of Ex-4/GLP1-R on lactate dehydrogenase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) activities was observed. Ex-4/GLP1-R decreased triglycerides content concomitantly to enhanced lipase and acyl-coenzyme A (acyl-CoA) dehydrogenase activities, addressing a lipolytic effect. CONCLUSION: Collectively, we discovered that human sperm is a new GLP1 incretin target, broadening our knowledge about the effects of the GLP1-R agonist in the male reproductive field. Further findings in humans should be conducted in the future to confirm it and to improve the translational aspect of this study.


Assuntos
Exenatida/farmacologia , Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1/metabolismo , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1/agonistas , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Masculino , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
19.
Top Companion Anim Med ; 38: 100372, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115080

RESUMO

Some studies have demonstrated that glycerol is superior to amides in preserving sperm motion characteristics of canine sperm; however, little is known about the effect of these cryoprotectants on the membrane characteristics of canine spermatozoa after freezing/thawing. In this study, the effects of using either N-N-dimethylformamide (DMF) or glycerol (GLY) on the integrity and function of the canine sperm, after cryopreservation were determined. We hypothesized that the use of a multiparametric approach for assessing the effect of DMF on the membranes of canine sperm would explain the lower values reported for post-thaw motility. Ejaculates from 12 dogs were collected, split into 2 groups, and frozen using a tris-fructose-citrate-egg yolk-based extender containing either 7% (v/v) GLY or 7% (v/v) DMF. Frozen straws (n = 120) were thawed and analyzed for subjectively-assessed sperm progressive motility, normal morphology, plasma membrane integrity, plasma membrane function (HOST+), acrosome membrane integrity, high mitochondrial membrane potential, and simultaneous assessment of sperm membrane integrity and function by a triple-staining fluorescent procedure. Overall, sperm motility and membrane intactness/function were higher when GLY was used as a cryoprotectant, as compared to DMF (P < .05). A model to explain the variation in progressive motility using the values obtained from the sperm integrity and function parameters was designed. The percent HOST+ sperm and high mitochondrial membrane potential sperm were mostly associated with the changes observed in the progressive motility (r2 = 0.84; P = .043) when either GLY or DMF were used as cryoprotectants. These results may explain the overall reduced sperm quality observed after cryopreservation, as a reflection of sublethal damage sustained by the sperm membranes.


Assuntos
Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Dimetilformamida/farmacologia , Cães/fisiologia , Glicerol/farmacologia , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Criopreservação/métodos , Criopreservação/veterinária , Congelamento , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen/veterinária , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/citologia
20.
Poult Sci ; 99(3): 1678-1686, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111332

RESUMO

The protective role of astaxanthin nanoparticles (Ast NPs, 25 mg/kg p.o) against cadmium (Cd, 1 mg/100 g b.w. SC), a known inductor of lipid peroxidation and changes in the antioxidant defense system in the Ross 308 breeder roosters sperm, was examined. Sperm motility (computer-assisted sperm motility analysis), membrane integrity (hypoosmotic swelling test), viability, total abnormality, and enzymatic parameters were assessed after thawing. The testis/body weight (mg/kg) ratio and HE staining results of testis were also performed. The obtained results showed that Cd induced detrimental effects on testis and sperm, while Cd treated by Ast NPs (Cd Ast) diminished this change compared to the Cd group. Cd-treated group resulted in significantly (P < 0.05) lowest total (37.29 ± 2.46) and progressive (5.84 ± 0.47) motility and decreased antioxidant enzyme activity (CAT, TAC, and GPx), as well as producing a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in testis weight (mg) compared to the control group. Treatment with Ast NPs (Ast NPs + Cd) had reversed Cd-induced changes in the antioxidant defense system and significantly prevented Cd-induced testis damage. In conclusion, the results of our work suggest that Ast NPs at 25 mg/kg act as a potent antioxidant in protecting rooster testes against oxidative stress induced by Cd.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Galinhas , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular , Criopreservação/veterinária , Masculino , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise do Sêmen , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/enzimologia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Xantofilas/farmacologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA