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2.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 433-436, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532152

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To investigate the characteristics and patterns of factors such as victims' information, injury tools and time of occurrence of intentional injury cases in southwest China. Methods One thousand three hundred and forty intentional injury cases from several places in southwest China from 2014 to 2016 assessed as minor injury level Ⅱ and above had been randomly selected. Data on victims' information, motives, injury tools, sites of occurrence, time of occurrence, injured parts and degrees of injury were classified and gathered, and then association analyses of motives and types of injury tools as well as degrees of injury and injury tools were made. Results Most of the victims were young adults between 20-50 years (65.2%), male (82.3%), rural household registration (62.8%); the motives were mainly dispute (45.8%). Injury tools were mostly blunt (54.6%) or sharp (36.0%). Specifically, injuries were mostly made bare-handed (36.9%) and by cutting tools (33.2%); the cases mainly occurred in public areas (59.0%). Cases occurred more frequently in January (11.3%), February (13.1%), March (11.6%) and from 22:00 to 01:00 every night. Injuries mainly involved the craniofacial region. The wounds were mainly assessed as minor injury level Ⅱ (61.6%). There was statistical significance in the difference of types of injury tools among cases with different motives (P<0.05). There was statistical significance in the difference of the distribution of injury tools among cases with different degrees of injury (P<0.05). Conclusion The occurrence of intentional injury cases in southwest China has potential patterns and relevant influencing factors. Prevention and analysis of such cases need to be comprehensively considered from the aspects such as victims' information, injury tools and time of occurrence.


Assuntos
Motivação , Violência , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
6.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(8): 1275-1279, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The gap between patients' and physicians' expectations from treatment has been a difficult problem in oncology because it affects decision-making. This study identified patients' expectations from their treatment and concerns when palliative chemotherapy was initiated. METHODS: Patients completed a questionnaire, which included open-ended questions about their expectations from the treatment and their biggest concerns at that moment after a clear explanation that the nature of their metastatic or recurrent cancer treatment was palliative and not curative. One hundred and sixty-five consecutive Japanese patients were included in this study. RESULTS: Twenty-nine percent of the patients described their expectation as "symptomatic improvement,"28% as"objective treatment effect,"and 19%as"cure."The most common concern was the toxicity(41%). No significant change was revealed in later-line treatment. CONCLUSION: The patients' expectation from palliative chemotherapy and concerns should be considered more precisely in each phase. Dedicated palliative care and explanation of toxicity controlon the initiation of treatments are essential.


Assuntos
Motivação , Neoplasias , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1931-1932, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438413

RESUMO

This poster presents the design of a connected system for telerehabilitation for patients with obesity and the assessment of the system through a randomized qualitative study on a sample of 15 patients. The patients expressed positive motivation but negatively assessed (as a deficiency) the system operation. All patients found that the system was neither intuitive nor easy to use.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Qualitativa , Telerreabilitação , Humanos , Motivação , Obesidade , Telemedicina
8.
JAMA ; 322(5): 464-465, 2019 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386125
10.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 265: 169-174, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431594

RESUMO

In this paper we present a qualitative study on motivations for avoiding sedentary work. Sedentary work has been recognized as a significant public health problem and many workplaces now invest in initiatives to support employees in avoiding it. The initiative in focus here include bikes, treadmills, step machines and adjustable workstations combined with a digital platform to keep track of activities and to make relevant information available. Experiences indicates that while employees are excited at the beginning, the use of exercise tools drop relatively fast. In order to understand motivation for use, clarify challenges and identify opportunities to support use of exercise tools through the digital platform we did interviews with employees and decision makers from four different companies. The overall challenge identified was pressure of busyness and reasons for use was due to individual objectives. Thus, in order to support employees in avoiding sedentary work the digital platform should provide facilities which allow for formulating and pursuing individual objective.


Assuntos
Motivação , Comportamento Sedentário , Exercício , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Local de Trabalho
11.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 12(2): 359-366, maio/ago 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016574

RESUMO

Este estudo transversal investigou a motivação, o bem-estar e a autoestima entre 31 praticantes (24 mulheres e 7 homens) com média de idade de 30,41 anos (± 7,85) de três modalidades de exercício (treinamento funcional (n=10), musculação com (n=11) e sem (n=10) personal trainer) de academias das cidades de Petrolina (PE) e Juazeiro (BA). Foram utilizados a Escala de Bem-Estar Subjetivo, a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg e o Questionário de Regulação de Conduta no Exercício 2. Os resultados evidenciaram que os praticantes de treinamento funcional apresentaram maior afeto positivo e menor escore de regulação identificada (r=-0,34) do que os praticantes de musculação com e sem personal. Verificaram-se as seguintes correlações significativas: afeto positivo com regulação identificada (r = -0,34), regulação introjetada (r = -0,31) e regulação externa (r = -0,30); e satisfação com a vida com regulação identificada (r = -0,28). Pode-se concluir que o tipo de exercício pode ser considerado um fator interveniente no afeto positivo e na identificação do indivíduo com o exercício, e que o afeto positivo está inversamente associado às regulações da motivação.


Current transversal study investigates motivation, well-being and self-esteem between 31 people (24 females and 7 males), mean age 30.41 years (± 7.85), practising three modalities (functional training (n=10), bodybuilding (n=11) and without personal trainer (n=10)) in gyms in Petrolina and Juazeiro, Brazil. Subjective Well-Being Scale, Rosemberg´s Self-Esteen Scale and the Questionnaire of Conduct regulation in Exercise 2 were assessed. Practitioners of functional training had the highest positive rate and the least score in identified regulation (r=-0.34) when compared to bodybuilding with or without personal trainers. Significant co-relationships occurred: positive affection with identified regulation (r = -0.34), introjected regulation (r = -0.31) and external regulation (r = -0.30); and satisfaction with life with identified regulation (r = -0.28). The type of exercise may be considered an intervening factor in positive affection and in the individual´s identification with the exercise. Moreover, positive affection is inversely associated with motivation regulations.


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Autoimagem , Exercício , Motivação , Qualidade de Vida , Afeto
12.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e141, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407978

RESUMO

Modern societies are characterized by group-based hierarchies. Similar to attackers, disadvantaged-group members wish to change the status quo; like defenders, advantaged-group members wish to protect it. However, the psychological arrays that are typical of disadvantaged- and advantaged-group members are opposite to those of attackers and defenders - suggesting that the Attacker-Defender Game does not capture the dynamics between advantaged and disadvantaged groups.


Assuntos
Motivação , Populações Vulneráveis , Humanos
13.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e132, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407998

RESUMO

Gain or omission/termination of loss produces approach; while loss or omission/termination of gain produces withdrawal. Control of approach/withdrawal motivation is distinct from valuation of gain/loss and does not entail learning - making "reward" and "punishment" ambiguous. Approach-withdrawal goal conflict engages a neurally distinct Behavioural Inhibition System, which controls "anxiety" (conflict/passive avoidance) but not "fear" (withdrawal/active avoidance).


Assuntos
Aprendizagem da Esquiva , Inibição (Psicologia) , Motivação , Punição , Recompensa
14.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e126, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407999

RESUMO

Current psychological perspectives emphasize "attack" and "defense" as the behavioral mechanisms underlying conflict. Here, we extend this view by highlighting the relevance of pathological altruism and the neuroendocrine pathways associated with hostile behaviors. Specifically, we elucidate the modulatory role of the neuropeptide hormone oxytocin in motivating extraordinary levels of in-group commitment that can promote extreme behaviors and endure conflict with out-groups.


Assuntos
Altruísmo , Ocitocina , Conflito (Psicologia) , Motivação
15.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(6): 465-8, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368274

RESUMO

Pain is inherently unpleasant and has the characteristic of protecting the body by promoting motivation and learning. Relief from aversion (including pain relief) is rewarding. The aversion to pain and reward from pain relief are encoded by brain mesocorticolimbic circuits characterized by reward/motivation. This paper reviews the research findings about the effect of pain and acupuncture on reward/motivation circuits derived from animal models and human neuroimaging. It is further suggested that neuroimaging techniques may be used to track brain regions that mediate acupuncture effect, and the response of reward/motivation circuits to acupuncture could be used as an objective indicator of analgesic efficacy. It may provide help for further study on the brain mechanism of acupuncture in improving chronic pain.


Assuntos
Analgesia por Acupuntura , Dor Crônica , Animais , Humanos , Motivação , Manejo da Dor , Recompensa
16.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3169, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a web software prototype to support retirement planning. METHOD: This is a methodological research, applied and based on the principles of prototyping model, which followed the steps of communication, planning, prototype creation, functional tests and consolidation of web software version 1. RESULTS: The functions of the web software prototype were defined from a flowchart and scope. In the creation stage, the screens that integrated the prototype, composed by interview, were projected from the filling of the Retirement Resources Inventory, screen of access to support planning materials, including lectures, scientific texts, and technical materials, retirement news screen, experiences screen, which allow users to post retirement expectations and comment on other users' posts. After performing tests, the prototype was made available at www.aposentarsecomsaude.com.br . CONCLUSION: the web software prototype consists of an interactive environment in which the user feels active in the reflection process about the retirement along the different screens. With clear language and expressions that are easily understood by the public, they are applicable to users of different professional profiles.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Aposentadoria , Desenho de Programas de Computador , Brasil , Instrução por Computador , Humanos , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Motivação , Sistemas On-Line , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1248-1252, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438125

RESUMO

Open Access provides researchers another opportunity of publishing, besides the traditional publication in subscription-based journals. Providing higher dissemination and therefore visibility as well as better accessibility, among others, Open Access helps to fulfil changed needs of authors and readers in our information and communication society of today. Though this publication model provides a lot of advantages both for readers and authors, there are also some obstacles. In order to identify the incentives that can lead scientists of medical informatics to an Open-Access-publication, we conducted a study consisting of group discussions, interviews, and surveys. This tripartite evaluation starts in its first part with group discussions and interviews. First results of them show that, among others, the higher visibility, indexing, Impact Factor and better accessibility are factors for an Open-Access-publication.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Informática Médica , Tomada de Decisões , Motivação , Editoração
18.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1347-1351, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438145

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to illustrate the translation of our extant eHealth intervention (VIP) into an mHealth app for persons living with HIV (PLWH) with HIV-Associated non-AIDS (HANA) conditions, a new clinical problem. We integrated different quantitative and qualitative methodologies from different disciplines to accomplish the task of adapting an eHealth system for a new set of clinical problems. Building off of our past development of the VIP website, we used a multi-modal, iterative user-centered design process to develop the VIP-HANA app. Our process was used to better understand the needs of a national sample of PLWH recruited online. Findings from the usability evaluation demonstrate a potentially useful and easy to use app. Integration of multi-modal methodologies from different fields to accomplish the tasks of adaptation and evaluation of a mobile app is an appealing, rigorous and useful approach.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Aplicativos Móveis , Telemedicina , HIV , Humanos , Motivação
19.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1777-1778, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438339

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to determine a consensual proposition for the development of computer tools in primary care. A Delphi study using colored abaci was conducted among 23 French experts, some of whom were patients. The tools expected by the experts were: a customizable knowledge database integrated into an efficient clinical support system, a follow-up calendar designed as a collaborative patient-focused tool, and an information exchange data system.


Assuntos
Tecnologia da Informação , Motivação , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Sistemas de Informação , Atenção Primária à Saúde
20.
Neuron ; 103(3): 364-366, 2019 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394061

RESUMO

A recent Cell paper identifies a novel population of neurons within the ventral tegmental area producing the endogenous opioid nociceptin that regulates dopamine neuron firing and acts uniquely to gate motivation in reward seeking. These results highlight neuropeptidergic signaling as a critical component of functional heterogeneity in the midbrain.


Assuntos
Motivação , Área Tegmentar Ventral , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos , Mesencéfalo , Peptídeos Opioides , Recompensa
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