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1.
Cell Biol Int ; 46(4): 599-610, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957655

RESUMO

In most cases of cervical cancer, the high risk of the disease is caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). Surgery or radiation usually benefits patients with early cervical cancer, while the metastatic one is uncurable and new therapeutic strategies and approaches are required. In this study, HPV16 E6 silence or overexpression were carried out to evaluate the possible mechanisms of HPV16 E6 function in cervical cancer cells with different HPV16 E6 expression background. HPV16 E6-positive cervical cancer cell Siha exerts significantly stronger cell invasion and migration potentials than the HPV16 E6-negative C33A cells. HPV16 E6 silence significantly weakened the potentials of cell invasion and migration, cell proliferation and stemness characteristic in Siha cells. Meanwhile, the overexpression of HPV16 E6 effectively promoted the cell proliferation and stemness characteristic in C33A cells. Our data also indicated a positive association between HPV16 E6 and the levels of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), and cell stemness. The ectopic expression of OCT4 could effectively reverse the inhibitory roles of HPV16 E6 silence on cell migration, invasion, and stemness in Siha cells. More interestingly, we found that HPV16 E6 might promote the OCT4 expression by impairing the direct binding of p53 on the promoter and activate its transcription. Taken together, our results indicated that HPV16 E6 could promoted the potential cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of human cervical cancer cells by modulating EMT and cell stemness. Our data provide a novel mechanism for how HPV16 E6 acts as a key risk factor for cervical cancer development and progression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
2.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 9304392, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912140

RESUMO

Objective: Long noncoding RNA neuroblastoma-associated transcript 1 (NBAT1) is implicated in the progression of various cancers. Nevertheless, its biological function in endometrial cancer (EC) remains unknown. Methods: The levels of NBAT1, miR-21-5p, and PTEN in EC cells and EC tissues were examined by RT-qPCR. Western blot was carried out to assess the protein expression of PTEN. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was conducted to explore the interactions among NBAT1, miR-21-5p, and PTEN. The effect of NBAT1 on EC proliferation, metastasis, and apoptosis was evaluated by CCK-8, transwell assays, wound healing, and flow cytometry. miR-21-5p mimics or NBAT1+miR-21-5p were transfected into HEC-1A and Ishikawa cells to investigate whether NBAT1 regulated EC tumorigenesis via sponging miR-21-5p. Results: NBAT1 is downregulated, and miR-21-5p is upregulated in EC cells and tumor tissues. Overexpression of NBAT1 inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of EC cells and facilitated apoptosis. NBAT1 directly binds and negatively regulates miR-21-5p in EC. miR-21-5p mimics reverses the effect of lncRNA NBAT1 overexpression on the proliferation and migration of EC cells. PTEN is a downstream gene of miR-21-5p. lncRNA NBTA1 elevates PTEN expression via sponging miR-21-5p. Conclusions: lncRNA NBAT1 acts as a tumor suppressor in EC via regulating PTEN through sponging miR-21-5p.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , MicroRNAs , Neuroblastoma , RNA Longo não Codificante , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
3.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 6058720, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912155

RESUMO

Lung cancer has a higher incidence and mortality rate than other cancers, and over 80% of lung cancer cases were classified as non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). TRIM66 is one of the crucial members of TRIM, which has a deep connection with the behavior of various malignant tumors. But it remains uncertain regarding its exact function and underlying mechanism in NSCLC. In our study, qRT-PCR and Western blot were employed to validate that TRIM66 was overexpressed in NSCLC. The migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) progression of NSCLC cells were determined by Western blotting and Transwell experiments after knocking down TRIM66, and it was found that knockdown TRIM66 inhibited the migration, invasion, and EMT processes of NSCLC cells. Next, the binding relationship between TRIM66 and MMP9 was verified by Co-IP assay. After determining the interaction between them, rescue assays showed that overexpression of MMP9 was capable to promote the migration, invasion, and EMT of NSCLC cells. However, the transfection of si-TRIM66 could reverse this facilitating effectiveness. To sum up, we concluded that by targeting MMP9, TRIM66 could exert a cancer-promoting role in the progression of NSCLC cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética
4.
Int J Oncol ; 61(3)2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35920182

RESUMO

Advanced gallbladder cancer (GBC) is one of the most malignant of all types of biliary tract cancers that is associated with poor prognosis and high mortality. Accumulating evidence suggest that the B7 family of proteins serve an essential role in various types of cancers, including GBC. However, the potential function and regulatory mechanism of human endogenous retrovirus­H long terminal repeat­associating protein 2 (HHLA2; also known as B7­H7 or B7H5) in GBC remain poorly understood. In the present study, immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression pattern of HHLA2 in samples from 89 patients with GBC. The possible association between HHLA2 expression and the clinicopathological parameters, including prognosis, were then assessed. Using lentiviruses, overexpression of HHLA2 plasmid or short­hairpin RNA (shRNA) of HHLA2 were transfected into GBC­SD cells to overexpress or knock down HHLA2 expression, respectively. The effects of HHLA2 overexpression and knockdown on the epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT) process on GBC­SD cells were measured by the western blotting and immunofluorescence staining of collagen I, N­cadherin, E­cadherin, vimentin and α­SMA. By contrast, changes in cell proliferation were measured using EdU assay. Cell invasion and migration were assessed using Transwell and wound­healing assays, respectively. In addition, a xenograft mouse model was established to evaluate the tumorigenic ability of the GBC cell line in vivo after stable transfection with lentivirus for HHLA2 overexpression or shRNA for HHLA2 knockdown. The regulatory relationships among TGF­ß1, long non­coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 (H19) and HHLA2 were then investigated. The mRNA expression of lncRNA H19 were assessed using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR, whereas the expression levels of HHLA2 were detected by western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. HHLA2 expression was found to gradually increase as the stages of the GBC samples become more advanced. In addition, the expression level of HHLA2 was calculated to be positively associated with the Nevin stage, American Joint Committee on Cancer stage, tumor invasion and regional lymph node metastasis but was negatively associated with the overall patient survival (OS). In vitro experiments demonstrated that overexpression of HHLA2 promoted GBC migration, invasion, proliferation and EMT, whereas in vivo experiments found a promoting role of HHLA2 overexpression on GBC tumor growth. After transfection with lentiviruses encoding the overexpression plasmid of lncRNA H19, GBC migration, invasion, proliferation and EMT were increased. By contrast, knocking down HHLA2 expression suppressed TGF­ß1­ or lncRNA H19 overexpression­induced GBC migration, invasion, proliferation and EMT. In addition, HHLA2 knockdown significantly reduced the sizes of the GBC tumors in vivo. These results suggest that HHLA2 overexpression can promote GBC progression. Conversely, ablation of HHLA2 expression inhibited both TGF­ß1­ and lncRNA H19­induced GBC progression, suggesting that HHLA2 is a potential therapeutic target for this disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/genética , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/genética , Imunoglobulinas/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética
5.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 79(9): 469, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a class of malignant tumors originating from bile duct epithelial cells. Due to difficult early diagnosis and limited treatment, the prognosis of CCA is extremely poor. BMI1 is dysregulated in many human malignancies. However, the prognostic significance and oncogenic role of BMI1 in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) are not well elucidated. METHODS: In the present study, we investigated its clinical importance and the potential mechanisms in the progression of CCA. We detected BMI1 expression in a large CCA cohort. We demonstrated that BMI1 was substantially upregulated in CCA tissues and was identified as an independent prognostic biomarker of CCA. Moreover, overexpression of BMI1 promoted CCA proliferation, migration, and invasion. And BMI1 knockdown could inhibit proliferation and metastases of CCA in vitro and in vitro/vivo validation. Interestingly, we found that CCA-derived exosomes contain BMI1 proteins, which can transfer BMI1 between CCA cells. The unique BMI1-containing exosomes promote CCA proliferation and metastasis through autocrine/paracrine mechanisms. In addition, we demonstrated that BMI1 inhibits CD8+T cell-recruiting chemokines by promoting repressive H2A ubiquitination in CCA cells. CONCLUSIONS: BMI1 is an unfavorable prognostic biomarker of CCA. Our data depict a novel function of BMI1 in CCA tumorigenesis and metastasis mediated by exosomes. Besides, BMI1 inhibition may augment immune checkpoint blockade to inhibit tumor progression by activating cell-intrinsic immunity of CCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Exossomos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Biomarcadores , Carcinogênese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Exossomos/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/genética , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/metabolismo
6.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2022: 2387192, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935327

RESUMO

Chemokine C-C motif chemokine ligand 3 (CCL3) plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of malignant tumors. For developing new therapeutic targets and antitumor drugs, the effect of chemokine CCL3 and the related cytokine network on colorectal cancer should be investigated. This study used cell, tissue, and animal experiments to prove that CCL3 is highly expressed in colorectal cancer and confirmed that CCL3 can promote the proliferation of cancer cells, and its expression is closely related to TRAF6/NF-κB molecular pathway. In addition, protein chip technology was used to examine colorectal cancer tissue samples and identify the key factors of chemokine CCL3 and the toll-like receptors/nuclear factor-κB (TLR/NF-κB) pathway in cancer and metastatic lymph nodes. Furthermore, the lentiviral vector technology was employed for transfection to construct interference and overexpression cell lines. The experimental results reveal the mechanism of CCL3 and TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6)/NF-κB pathway-related factors and their effects on the proliferation of colon cancer cells. Finally, the expression and significance of CCL3 in colorectal cancer tissues and its correlation with clinical pathology were studied by immunohistochemistry. Also, the results confirmed that CCL3 and C-C motif chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) were expressed in adjacent tissues, colorectal cancer tissues, and metastatic cancer. The expression level was correlated with the clinical stage and nerve invasion. The expression of chemokine CCL3 and receptor CCR5 was positively correlated with the expression of TRAF6 and NF-κB and could promote the proliferation, invasion, and migration of colorectal cancer cells through TRAF6 and NF-κB.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , NF-kappa B , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Quimiocina CCL3/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL3/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/farmacologia , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/farmacologia
7.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 2931214, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935582

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence has showed that sushi-repeat-containing protein X-linked 2 (SRPX2) is an abnormal expression in a variety of cancers and involved in cancer carcinogenesis, chemosensitivity, and prognosis, which mainly promote cancer cell metastasis, invasion, and migration by regulating the uPAR/integrins/FAK signaling pathway, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), angiogenesis, and glycosylation. Inflammation has been regarded as a key role in regulating cancer initiation, progression, EMT, and therapeutics. Furthermore, SRPX2 exhibited excellent antifibrosis effect via the TGFßR1/SMAD3/SRPX2/AP1/SMAD7 signaling pathway. Therefore, this review provides compelling evidence that SRPX2 might be a therapeutic target for inflammation and cancer-related inflammation for future cancer therapeutics.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Humanos , Inflamação , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Mol Med Rep ; 26(4)2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929504

RESUMO

Hydroxygenkwanin (HGK) has an anticancer effect in a variety of tumors, but its role in osteosarcoma has not been explored. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of HGK on osteosarcoma and its specific molecular mechanism. Osteosarcoma cells (MG­63 and U2OS) treated with various concentrations of HGK were assigned to the treatment group. MTT, clone formation, wound healing and Transwell assays were performed to assess the viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion of MG­63 and U2OS cells. RT­qPCR was conducted to quantify the expression levels of of microRNA (miR)­320a and SRY­box transcription factor 9 (SOX9) in MG­63 and U2OS cells. The binding sites of miR­320a and SOX9 were predicted by starBase database, and verified using the dual­luciferase reporter assay. The expression levels of SOX9 and EMT­related proteins (N­cadherin, E­cadherin and vimentin) were detected by western blot analysis. HGK inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion, but promoted the expression of miR­320a in MG­63 and U2OS cells. Downregulation of miR­320a reversed the effects of HGK on proliferation, migration and invasion of MG­63 and U2OS cells, while upregulation of miR­320a had the opposite effect. HGK inhibited the expression of SOX9 by promoting the expression of miR­320a. Upregulation of SOX9 could partially reverse miR­320a­induced migration and invasion of MG­63 and U2OS cells. In addition, upregulation of miR­320a promoted E­cadherin expression and inhibited the expression of N­cadherin and vimentin, and the effect of miR­320a was also reversed by SOX9. In conclusion, HGK inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of MG­63 and U2OS cells through the miR­320a/SOX9 axis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , MicroRNAs , Osteossarcoma , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Caderinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Flavonoides , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/metabolismo , Vimentina/genética , Vimentina/metabolismo
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13204, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915218

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women worldwide, with nearly 90% attributed to metastatic progression. Exosomes containing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) 'programs' transmit pro-metastatic phenotypes. Our group discovered and developed a novel anti-cancer SMR peptide that antagonizes breast cancer cell exosome release resulting in cell cycle arrest and tumor growth suppression. This study aims to evaluate the anti-metastatic capabilities of the SMR peptide, focusing on exosomes and EMT. Breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 were treated with the SMRwt peptide, and the following assays were performed: cell wound-healing, migration, invasion. The SMRwt peptide consists of the following amino acid sequence VGFPVAAVGFPVDYKDDDDK and contains the SMR domain (66VGFPV70) of the HIV-1 Nef protein. Western blot analysis detected epithelial and mesenchymal markers to evaluate EMT progression. Extracellular vesicle type and quantity were assessed through NanoSight analysis. Mortalin and Vimentin knockdown was achieved through antibody targeting and miRNAs. Data gathered demonstrated that the SMR peptide interacts with Mortalin and Vimentin to inhibit pro-EMT exosome release and induce EMT tumor suppressor protein expression. Specifically, SMRwt treatment reduced mesenchymal markers Mortalin and Vimentin expression, while the epithelial marker E-cadherin expression was increased in breast cancer cells and breast cancer-derived exosomes. The SMR peptide specificity was identified as no effect was observed for MCF-10A exosome release or function. Direct Mortalin knockdown paralleled the results of SMR peptide treatment with an effective blockade of breast cancer cell migration. Conversely, the invasion assay differed between breast cancer cell lines with invasion blocked for in MCF-7 but not in MDA-MB-231. These results reinforce the therapeutic value of targeting breast cancer exosome release and reinforce Mortalin and Vimentin as critical regulators and therapeutic targets in breast cancer cell progression, EMT, and metastatic potential. A greater understanding of the SMR peptide mechanism of action will benefit the therapeutic design of anti-metastatic agents.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Peptídeos/química , Vimentina/genética
10.
Cell Rep ; 40(5): 111157, 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926459

RESUMO

The function of the cerebral cortex depends on various types of interneurons (cortical interneurons [cINs]) and their appropriate allocation to the cortical layers. Caudal ganglionic eminence-derived cINs (cGE-cINs) are enriched in superficial layers. Developmental mechanisms directing cGE-cINs toward superficial layers remain poorly understood. We examine how developmental and final positioning of cGE-cINs are influenced by the Cxcl12, Cxcr4, Ackr3 module, the chief attractant system guiding medial ganglionic eminence-derived cINs (mGE-cINs). We find that Cxcl12 attracts cGE-cINs through Cxcr4 and supports their layer-specific positioning in the developing cortex. This requires the prevention of excessive Cxcr4 stimulation by Ackr3-mediated Cxcl12 sequestration. Postnatally, Ackr3 confines Cxcl12 action to the marginal zone. Unlike mGE-cINs, cGE-cINs continue to express Cxcr4 at early postnatal stages, which permits cGE-cINs to become positioned in the forming layer 1. Thus, chemoattraction by Cxcl12 guides cGE-cINs and holds them in superficial cortical layers.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral , Interneurônios , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Interneurônios/fisiologia , Eminência Mediana , Mesoderma
11.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 2959846, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909886

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Dysregulation of messenger RNAs (mRNA) has been recognized to be associated with HCC carcinogenesis and development. Polypeptide GalNAc Transferase 6 (GALNT6), an O-type glycosyltransferase, has been confirmed as tumor promoter in different cancers. However, the function of GALNT6 in HCC remains to be studied. Methods: RT-qPCR and western blot experiments were, respectively, performed for evaluating RNA expressions and protein levels. Supported by bioinformatics analysis, mechanism assays were conducted for validating the potential relation between different genes. Functional assays were implemented to analyze HCC cell migration and invasion after different transfections. Results: GALNT6 was aberrantly upregulated in HCC cells. Knockdown of GALNT6 could repress HCC cell migration and invasion. RUNX3 was verified to bind to GALNT6 promoter and activate GALNT6 transcription. GALNT6 depletion led to inhibited O-glycosylation and aggravated degradation of MUC1. MUC1 overexpression could rescue the impeded HCC cell migration and invasion induced by GALNT6 knockdown. Conclusion: To sum up, GALNT6 transcriptionally activated by RUNX3 mediated the O-glycosylation of MUC1, thus exerting promoting influence on HCC cell migration and invasion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Mucina-1 , N-Acetilgalactosaminiltransferases , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicosilação , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Mucina-1/metabolismo , N-Acetilgalactosaminiltransferases/genética , N-Acetilgalactosaminiltransferases/metabolismo
12.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2022: 1087622, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924072

RESUMO

Objective: circ_SFMBT2 was reported to facilitate malignant progression in various cancers, but its function in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been fully uncovered. This study aimed to investigate the effects of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation of circ_SFMBT2 (circ_0017628) on non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its underlying mechanisms. Methods: Paired tumor and noncancerous tissues from NSCLC patients were surgically collected from January 2020 to March 2021 in our hospital. The levels of circ_SFMBT2 and LATS2 in NSCLC and human bronchial epithelial cells were assayed with qRT-PCR. Overexpression or silencing of circ_SFMBT2, LATS2, or YTHDF2 was performed in the NSCLC cells. CCK-8, colony-forming, and transwell assays were performed to analyze cell proliferation, viability, and migration, respectively. Meanwhile, the expression of MMP-9, E-cadherin, vimentin, and the Hippo/YAP pathway components was examined by western blotting. The m6A enrichment in circ_SFMBT2 was verified using methylated RNA immunoprecipitation, and interaction between circ_SFMBT2 and YTHDF2 was assessed by RNA pull-down and immunoprecipitation assays. Results: Both circ_SFMBT2 and LATS2 were lowly expressed in NSCLC cells and tissues. A positive correlation of circ_SFMBT2 with LATS2 was identified, and circ_SFMBT2 was localized predominantly in the cytoplasm. circ_SFMBT2 overexpression negatively regulated cell proliferation, viability, migration, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition while promoting the Hippo/YAP pathway activation. Notably, knockdown of LATS2 effectively abrogated the inhibitory effects of circ_SFMBT2 overexpression on NSCLC cell malignancies. Besides, m6A was specifically enriched in circ_SFMBT2, and circ_SFMBT2 could bind to YTHDF2. Silencing of YTHDF2 led to an increase in circ_SFMBT2 expression while inhibiting the malignancy of cancer cells. Conclusion: Our results showed that YTHDF2 could facilitate NSCLC cell proliferation and metastasis via the Hippo/YAP pathway activation by mediating circ_SFMBT2 degradation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
13.
Int J Oncol ; 61(4)2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929518

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a lethal type of cancer for which effective therapies are limited. Long non­coding RNAs (lncRNAs) represent a critical type of regulator category, mediating the tumorigenesis and development of various tumor types, including PC. However, the expression patterns and functions of numerous lncRNAs in PC remain poorly understood. In the present study, linc01614 was identified as a PC­related lncRNA. linc01614 was notably upregulated in PC tissues and cell lines and was associated with the poor disease­free survival of patients with PC according to the analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas­derived datasets. Functionally, linc01614 knockdown suppressed PC cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro, and inhibited tumor proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, linc01614 overexpression stabilized the level of ß­catenin protein to hyperactivate the WNT/ß­catenin signaling pathway in PC cells. Further analyses revealed that linc01614 bound to GSK­3ß and perturbed the interaction between GSK­3ß and AXIN1, thereby preventing the formation of the ß­catenin degradation complex and reducing the degradation of ß­catenin. In summary, the present findings reveal that linc01614 may function as an oncogene and promote the progression of PC and may thus be considered as a potential therapeutic target in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas , RNA Longo não Codificante , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
14.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 4201283, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935583

RESUMO

Objective: Compelling evidence suggested that lncRNAs performed vital functions in the development of breast cancer (BC). The study intended to mine the functional roles of LINC01574 in BC and further excavated its underlying regulatory mechanism. Methods: The expression and prognosis of LINC01574 in BC were detected by integrating analysis of data mining, bioinformatics, and RT-qPCR. Then, the effect of LINC01574 knockdown on BC cell growth and metastasis was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Interactions between miR-6745 and LINC01574 or TTYH3 were revealed by both target prediction and dual luciferase reporter assay. Results: Our data found that LINC01574 was markedly elevated in BC tissues and cells and was an independent prognostic risk factor for patients with BC. Further functional studies revealed that knockdown of LINC01574 remarkably inhibited the growth and metastasis of BC cells in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, LINC01574 competitively binds with miR-6745 to prevent the degradation of TTYH3, thereby promoting the development of BC. Conclusion: Our results unmasked a novel LINC01574/miR-6745/TTYH3 regulatory axis in BC progression and suggested that LINC01574 might be a promising prognostic indicator and therapeutic target for patients with BC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
15.
Anal Cell Pathol (Amst) ; 2022: 5418356, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936390

RESUMO

Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is the most prevalent malignant tumor that occurs frequently worldwide. The early diagnostic biomarkers are crucial for EC treatment. miRNA can regulate EC progression, with diagnostic and prognostic value. Herein, differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs (DEmRNAs) in EC were predicted based on TCGA database. The target mRNAs of miRNA were predicted through databases, which were then intersected with DEmRNAs. Next, the correlation between miRNA and candidate mRNAs was analyzed. qRT-PCR was introduced to analyze expression of miR-145-3p and CXCL5 mRNA in EC cell lines, and western blot was performed to assess protein expression of CXCL5. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis in EC were examined through CCK-8, wound healing, Transwell invasion, and flow cytometry assays. Moreover, targeting relationship between miR-145-3p and CXCL5 was verified through luciferase reporter gene analysis. The experimental results revealed a decreased miR-145-3p expression and an increased CXCL5 expression in EC. Enforced expression of miR-145-3p hindered proliferation, migration, invasion, and stimulated apoptosis of EC cells by repressing CXCL5. This study manifested that miR-145-3p may be a tumor suppressor in EC, and miR-145-3p/CXCL5 axis restrained the malignant progression of EC. These results supply an underlying target for prognosis and treatment of EC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Quimiocina CXCL5/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas , MicroRNAs , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Carcinoma/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética
16.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(8): 685, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933405

RESUMO

In view of the important roles played by Kinetochore proteins in mitosis, we believed that they may contribute to the development and progression of human cancers, which has been reported recently elsewhere. Kinetochore-associated 1 (KNTC1) participates in the segregation of sister chromatids during mitosis, the effects of which on non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain unclear. Here, we sought to identify the biological significance of KNTC1 in NSCLC. KNTC1 protein expression in NSCLC tissues was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Lentivirus delivered short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was utilized to establish KNTC1 silence NSCLC cell lines. The effects of KNTC1 depletion on NSCLC cell proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and tumor formation were analyzed by MTT assay, wound-healing assay, transwell assay, flow cytometry assay, and in nude mouse models in vivo. After KNTC1 reduction, NSCLC cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion were restrained. A xenograft tumor model was also provided to demonstrate the inhibited tumorigenesis in NSCLC. In addition, the downstream mechanism analysis indicated that KNTC1 depletion was positively associated with PSMB8. The findings of the present study suggested that KNTC1 may have a pivotal role in mediating NSCLC progression and may act as a novel therapeutic target for NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
17.
Mol Med ; 28(1): 92, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The forkhead box O3a protein (FoxO3a) has been reported to be involved in the migration and invasion of trophoblast, but its underlying mechanisms unknown. In this study, we aim to explore the transcriptional and metabolic regulations of FoxO3a on the migration and invasion of early placental development. METHODS: Lentiviral vectors were used to knock down the expression of FoxO3a of the HTR8/SVneo cells. Western blot, matrigel invasion assay, wound healing assay, seahorse, gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) based metabolomics, fluxomics, and RNA-seq transcriptomics were performed. RESULTS: We found that FoxO3a depletion restrained the migration and invasion of HTR8/SVneo cells. Metabolomics, fluxomics, and seahorse demonstrated that FoxO3a knockdown resulted in a switch from aerobic to anaerobic respiration and increased utilization of aromatic amino acids and long-chain fatty acids from extracellular nutrients. Furthermore, our RNA-seq also demonstrated that the expression of COX-2 and MMP9 decreased after FoxO3a knockdown, and these two genes were closely associated with the migration/invasion progress of trophoblast cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested novel biological roles of FoxO3a in early placental development. FoxO3a exerts an essential effect on trophoblast migration and invasion owing to the regulations of COX2, MMP9, aromatic amino acids, energy metabolism, and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Pré-Eclâmpsia , Trofoblastos , Aminoácidos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Placenta/metabolismo , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , Gravidez , Trofoblastos/metabolismo
18.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 4757081, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910838

RESUMO

Background: Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is an important cause of vascular stenosis. The study explored the mechanism of inhibition of vascular stenosis through the molecular mechanism of smooth muscle cell phenotype transformation. Methods: Coronary heart disease-related genes were screened by bioinformatics, and the target genes of miR-654-5p were predicted by dual-luciferase method and immunofluorescence method. miR-654-5p mimic stimulation and transfection of TCF21 and MTAP into cells. SonoVue microbubble sonication was used to deliver miR-654-5p into cells. Cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were detected by CCK-8, wound scratch, and Transwell. HE and IHC staining were performed to study the effect of miR-654-5p delivery via SonoVue microbubble ultrasound on vessel stenosis in a model of arterial injury. Gene expression was determined by qRT-PCR and WB. Results: TCF21 and MTAP were predicted as the target genes of miR-654-5p. Cytokines induced smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and promoted miR-654-5p downregulation; noticeably, downregulated miR-654-5p was positively associated with the cell proliferation and migration. Overexpression of TCF21 promoted proliferation, invasion, and migration, and mimic reversed such effects. miR-654-5p overexpression delivered by SonoVue microbubble ultrasound inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion of cells. Moreover, in arterial injury model, we found that SonoVue microbubble ultrasound transmitted miR-654-5p into the arterial wall to inhibit arterial thrombosis and stenosis, while TCF21 was inhibited. Conclusion: Ultrasound delivery of miR-654-5p via SonoVue microbubbles was able to inhibit arterial thrombosis and stenosis by targeting TCF21.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Músculo Liso Vascular , Trombose , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Constrição Patológica/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Microbolhas , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos , Hexafluoreto de Enxofre , Trombose/genética
19.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 876, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidences have indicated that miR-26a-5p regulates the malignant properties of various tumor cells. However, the influences of miR-26a-5p on proliferation, apoptosis and invasion are still vague in the cervical cancer (CC) cells. METHODS: The miRNA microarray and real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis were utilized to detect the expression of miR-26a-5p in the patients with CC. Kaplan-Meier plotter was performed to evaluate the overall survival (OS) of the patients with CC. The CCK-8, flow cytometry, transwell and wound healing analyses were respectively used to analyze proliferation, migration and invasion in the CC cells. RT-qPCR, western blot and IHC analysis were executed to measure the expression of hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase like-2 (HSDL2) in the patients with CC. Bioinformatics and luciferase reporter assay were carried out to verify the relationship of miR-26a-5p and HSDL2. RESULTS: The expression of miR-26a-5p was downregulated and low expression of miR-26a-5p indicated a poor OS in patients with CC. Overexpression of miR-26a-5p significantly inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion, accelerated apoptosis in the Hela and C33A cells. The expression of HSDL2 was upregulated, and negatively correlated with miR-26a-5p in the patients with CC. HSDL2 was directly targeted by miR-26a-5p and rescue experiments displayed that HSDL2 partially abolished proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion induced by miR-26a-5p in CC cells. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-26a-5p alleviated progression of CC by suppressing proliferation, migration and invasion, promoting apoptosis through downregulating HSDL2.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Processos Neoplásicos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
20.
Life Sci Alliance ; 5(12)2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914811

RESUMO

Cell migration is a complex process, tightly regulated during embryonic development and abnormally activated during cancer metastasis. RAS-dependent signaling is a major nexus controlling essential cell parameters including proliferation, survival, and migration, utilizing downstream effectors such as the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. In melanoma, oncogenic mutations frequently enhance RAS, PI3K/AKT, or MAP kinase signaling and trigger other cancer hallmarks among which the activation of metabolism regulators. PFKFB4 is one of these critical regulators of glycolysis and of the Warburg effect. Here, however, we explore a novel function of PFKFB4 in melanoma cell migration. We find that PFKFB4 interacts with ICMT, a posttranslational modifier of RAS. PFKFB4 promotes ICMT/RAS interaction, controls RAS localization at the plasma membrane, activates AKT signaling and enhances cell migration. We thus provide evidence of a novel and glycolysis-independent function of PFKFB4 in human cancer cells. This unconventional activity links the metabolic regulator PFKFB4 to RAS-AKT signaling and impacts melanoma cell migration.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosfofrutoquinase-2/genética , Fosfofrutoquinase-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Metiltransferases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
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