Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 107.383
Filtrar
1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1131: 1079-1102, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646546

RESUMO

In multicellular organisms, the cells are surrounded by persistent, dynamic extracellular matrix (ECM), the largest calcium reservoir in animals. ECM regulates several aspects of cell behavior including cell migration and adhesion, survival, gene expression and differentiation, thus playing a significant role in health and disease. Calcium is reported to be important in the assembly of ECM, where it binds to many ECM proteins. While serving as a calcium reservoir, ECM macromolecules can directly interact with cell surface receptors resulting in calcium transport across the membrane. This chapter mainly focusses on the role of cell-ECM interactions in cellular calcium regulation and how calcium itself mediates these interactions.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Matriz Extracelular , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5927-5932, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Trastuzumab is the only clinically approved targeted therapy for HER2 gene-amplified gastric cancer at present. However, the clinical significance of multi-targeting tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in HER2-positive gastric cancer remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the anti-tumor activity of lapatinib and afatinib, that are reversible and irreversible TKIs, in HER2 gene-amplified trastuzumab-sensitive and - resistant gastric cancer cells (GLM-1 and GLM-1HerR2) in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: Afatinib inhibited the growth of GLM-1 and GLM-1HerR2 cells in vitro more efficiently than lapatinib by inducing G1 cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Preclinical studies in mice revealed that afatinib inhibited growth of intraperitoneal GLM-1 and subcutaneous GLM-1HerR2 tumor more strongly than lapatinib. Afatinib was more effective than lapatinib in blocking PI3K/Akt and MAPK signaling in both GLM-1 and GLM-1HerR2 cells. CONCLUSION: Afatinib could be a potential new molecular-targeted therapy for trastuzumab-sensitive and trastuzumab-resistant HER2 gene-amplified gastric cancers.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Afatinib/administração & dosagem , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Ciclo Celular , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Amplificação de Genes , Humanos , Lapatinib/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
3.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5933-5942, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Perineural invasion (PNI) is a significant pathological feature in head and neck cancer. The molecular mechanisms of PNI are poorly understood. Contrary to the previous belief that cancer cells invade nerves, recent studies have shown that Schwann cells (SC) can dedifferentiate, intercalate between cancer cells, and promote cancer dispersion. Communication between cells through brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) activation of its receptor tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TRKB) may contribute to these cellular events. We aimed to determine the effect of TRKB inhibitor ANA-12 on the direction of cell migration and degree of SC-induced oral cancer cell dispersion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell migration and dispersion assays were performed in vitro using murine SC and oral carcinoma cell lines. Assays were performed with and without ANA-12. RESULTS: Although SCs preferentially migrated towards cancer cells in control medium, there was minimal SC-associated cancer cell dispersion. In contrast, treatment with ANA-12 reduced migration of SCs and cancer cells towards each other and initiated more SC-associated cancer cell dispersion. CONCLUSION: This pilot study shows that BDNF-TRKB signaling may have a role in regulating interactions between SC and oral cancer cells that affect cell migration, intercalation, and cancer cell dispersion. Further research into these interactions may provide important clues about the molecular and cellular mechanisms of PNI.


Assuntos
Azepinas/farmacologia , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/antagonistas & inibidores , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor trkB/antagonistas & inibidores , Células de Schwann/patologia , Animais , Apoptose , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Técnicas de Cocultura , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos SCID , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Projetos Piloto , Receptor trkB/metabolismo , Células de Schwann/efeitos dos fármacos , Células de Schwann/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6057-6062, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma is poor; therefore, new treatment strategies are urgently needed. Phosphodiesterase 2 (PDE2) is one of the 11 families (PDE1-PDE11) of the phosphodiesterase superfamily that regulates the intracellular concentrations and effects of cAMP and cGMP. This in vitro study was performed to investigate the role of PDE2 in human oral osteosarcoma HOSM-1 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PDE2 expression was measured by a cAMP-PDE assay and real-time-PCR. The effects of the PDE2-specific inhibitors, erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl) adenine (EHNA), 8-bromo-cAMP, and 8-bromo-cGMP on cell proliferation and migration were assessed. RESULTS: PDE2 activity and PDE2A mRNA expression were detected in HOSM-1 cells. Cell proliferation was inhibited by EHNA and 8-bromo-cAMP but not by 8-bromo-cGMP. Cell migration was stimulated by EHNA and 8-bromo-cGMP, but it was inhibited by 8-bromo-cAMP. CONCLUSION: Cell proliferation is regulated by PDE2-cAMP signaling and cell migration is regulated by PDE2-cGMP signaling in HOSM-1 cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 2/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Adenina/farmacologia , Apoptose , Compostos de Benzil/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/enzimologia , Ciclo Celular , AMP Cíclico/farmacologia , GMP Cíclico/análogos & derivados , GMP Cíclico/farmacologia , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 2/genética , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/enzimologia , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Osteossarcoma/enzimologia , Transdução de Sinais , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6115-6123, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Colon cancer is the second most common deadliest malignancy in the world and better understanding of its underlying mechanisms is needed to improve clinical management. Natural plant extracts are gaining attention in the development of new therapeutic strategies against various cancer types. Shikonin is a naturally extracted naphthoquinone pigment with effects against cancer, including colon cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we conducted a series of in vitro experiments to show the effects of Shikonin on colon cancer cell apoptosis. A colon cancer cell line with overexpression of peroxiredoxin V (PrxV) was constructed and the relationship of PrxV expression with Shikonin-induced cell apoptosis was investigated. RESULTS: Shikonin induced colon cancer cell apoptosis via regulation of mammalian target of rapamycin signaling. Shikonin-induced cell apoptosis was abrogated by overexpression of PrxV. CONCLUSION: According to the results obtained in this study, targeting PrxV may provide new insight for the successful management of colon cancer by inducing cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Humanos , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(42): 3303-3307, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715665

RESUMO

Objective: To studythe effect of lentivirus-mediated inhibition of Med19 on cell migration andinvasion in the PC3 cells, and explore the mechanism of epithelial-mesenchymal transition transformation. Methods: The lentivirus vectors containing small interferingRNA(siRNA) targeting Medl9 gene were constructed and transfected to PC3 cells.Quantitative real-time PCR(qRT-PCR) and Western blot analysis were used to detect the Medl9 expression in the siRNA group(PC3-Med 19-siRNA cells)and the NC group(PC3-Med 19-sc cells) at 72h after the transfection.The cell mobility,migration and invasion ability of PC3 cells were respectively measured by Boyden migration and woun-healing assay. The expression of E-Cadherin, N-Cadherin, Vimentin, ZEB2, Snail-1, and Snail-2 mRNA were detected by using qRT-PCR. Results: The expression of Medl9 mRNA in PC3-Med 19-siRNA cells was lower than that in PC3-Med 19-scRNA cells(P<0.01). The number of migrated cells and invaded cells were significantly decreased in PC3-Med 19-siRNA cells(P<0.01). The expression of N-Cadherin, Vimentin, ZEB2, Snail-1, and Snail-2 mRNA were remarkablylower and E-Cadherin was higher in PC3-Med 19-siRNA cells. Conclusion: Med 19 inhibitioncouldreduce migration abilityof prostate cancer PC3 cells by epithelial-mesenchymal transition.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Complexo Mediador/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata , Caderinas , Movimento Celular , Humanos , Masculino , Complexo Mediador/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Células PC-3
7.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(5): 581-588, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699186

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the effect of miR-145 on migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cells.Methods The effect of miR-145 overexpression on the expression levels of miR-145 and zeb-2 were detected with qRT-PCR and Western blotting.The changes of in vitro migration and invasion were examined using Transwell assay.Target genes of miR-145 were predicted by bioinformatics software.Dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to verify zeb-2 as a direct target of miR-145.zeb-2 siRNA was transiently transfected in SKOV3 and 3AO cells,Transwell was used to examine in vitro migration and invasion abilities.Results The migration and proliferation of SKOV3(t=10.752,P=0.000;t=5.617,P=0.005)and 3AO cells(t=10.111,P=0.001;t=21.746,P=0.000)decreased significantly after overexpression of miR-145.The results of dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that the relative luciferase activity of co-transfected miR-145 mimic and WT 3'UTR expression vectors was significantly lower than that of co-transfected mimic control and WT 3'UTR expression vectors(SKOV3:t=4.572,P=0.010;3AO:t=3.528,P=0.024).There was no significant difference in relative luciferase activity between co-transfected miR-145 mimic/MUT 3'UTR expression vector cells and co-transfected mimic control/MUT 3'UTR expression vector cells(SKOV3:t=0.227,P=0.831;3AO:t=0.040,P=0.970).Real-time quantitative PCR showed that the zeb-2 expressions in SKOV3(t=1.490,P=0.211)and 3AO cells(t=0.114,P=0.914)were not significantly different from negative control after 48 h of miR-145 overexpression.Western blot analysis showed that the expression of zeb-2 protein in SKOV3(t=3.769,P=0.020)and 3AO cells(t=4.452,P=0.011)decreased significantly compared with negative control after 72 h of miR-145 overexpression.Seventy-two hours after transfection of zeb-2 siRNA,Western blotting showed that the expression of zeb-2 protein in SKOV3(t=4.660,P=0.010)and 3AO cells(t=4.594,P=0.010)was significantly down-regulated.Transwell assay showed that the migration and invasion abilities of SKOV3(t=18.655,P=0.000;t=18.026,P=0.000)and 3AO cells(t=5.500,P=0.005;t=8.780,P=0.001)were significantly decreased.Conclusion miR-145 may inhibit the migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cells by targeting zeb-2.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco/genética
8.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(2): 119-131, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: LncRNAs are significant regulators in multiple cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, lncRNA ANRIL has been reported to be elevated during multiple cancer types, exhibiting oncogenic roles. However, the exact biological mechanism of ANRIL is still poorly understood in HCC. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays were utilized to detect expressions of ANRIL, miR-384, and STAT3. CCK8 and EDU assays were employed to evaluate HCC cell proliferation. A flow cytometry assay was used to detect the HCC cell cycle and cell apoptosis. The scratch migration and Transwell invasion assays were performed to test cell migration and invasion, respectively. RIP and RNA pull-down assays were carried out to confirm the correlation between ANRIL and miR-384. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to prove the association between miR-384 and STAT3. Western blotting analysis was performed to examine protein levels of STAT3. IHC and HE staining were employed to detect Ki-67 and histopathology. RESULTS: ANRIL expression was upregulated in HCC cells, including SMCC7721, HepG2, MHCC-97H, SNU449 and HUH-7 cells, in comparison to the normal human liver cells LO2. Knockdown of ANRIL suppressed HCC cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. HCC cell migration and invasion capacity were inhibited by inhibition of ANRIL. Bioinformatics analyses revealed that ANRIL could interact with miR-384. miR-384 was significantly decreased in HCC cells, and overexpression of miR-384 repressed HCC progression. STAT3 was predicted as a target of miR-384, and miR-384 can modulate STAT3 levels negatively in vitro. ANRIL can suppress HCC development through regulating miR-384 and STAT3 in vivo. CONCLUSION: ANRIL is involved in HCC progression by direct targeting of miR-384 and STAT3. Also, ANRIL could act as a potential candidate for HCC diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/fisiopatologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Progressão da Doença , Células HEK293 , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
9.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(3): 195-203, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679307

RESUMO

UNCI 19 expression has been reported to be significantly higher in hepatic cancer cells (HCC). However, the clinical significance of modulating UNC119 expression in HCC is not well understood. The study described here aimed to explore the potential of curcumin in modulation of UNC119 expression in HCC by assessment with quantitative real-time PCR, western blot, and immune-histochemical analyses in HCC cell lines and tissues. The biological functions of UNC119 in the proliferation, growth, and cycle of tumor cells were analyzed both in vitro and in vivo. UNC119 expression was upregulated in HCC cell lines and tissues as indicated by comparison with normal liver cells and tissues. Cellular function assays showed that higher levels of UNC119 not only promoted proliferation but also enhanced HCC cell migration and invasion. UNC119 promoted progression of the cell cycle and significantly promoted HCC cell growth through the Wnt/ß-catenin signal pathway, and enhanced tumor migration and invasion by the TGF-ß/EMT pathway. Curcumin efficiently inhibited HCC cell proliferation by blocking the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and inhabited migration and invasion by blocking the TGF-p/EMT signal pathway. Curcumin not only was beneficial for tumor remission but also contributed to the long-term survival of HCC-bearing mice. UNC119 was significantly upregulated and promoted cell growth in hepatic cancer cells and tissues by the Wnt/ß-catenin signal pathway and migration by TGF-ß/EMT signal pathway. Curcumin treatment inhibited cell proliferation, growth, migration, and invasion by inhibition of those pathways.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos
10.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(9): 769-775, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750816

RESUMO

Objective To explore the functions and mechanisms of macrophages derived from PGRN gene knockout (PGRN-/- ) C57BL/6 mice in the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. Methods Breast cancer cells were cultured in conditioned medium of macrophages derived from WT and PGRN-/- mice. TranswellTM assay and scratch assay were used to detect the invasion and migration ability of cancer cells. Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of E-cadherin and N-cadherin in cancer cells. Cytokine array, real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA were performed to investigate the differences of cytokines secreted by macrophages derived from WT and PGRN-/- mice. Breast cancer cells were treated by the differentially expressed cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), and then the above methods were used to investigate its effect on cancer cells. Western blot analysis was used to verify the roles of NF-κB and JAK/STAT3 signaling pathways. Results The macrophages derived from PGRN-/- mice blocked NF-κB signaling pathway, reduced IL-6 secretion, and inhibited the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. IL-6 activated JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway to promote the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. Conclusion The macrophages derived from PGRN-/- mice can block the NF-κB and JAK/STAT3 signaling pathways, down-regulate IL-6 expression, and inhibit the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Caderinas , Movimento Celular , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
11.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(9): 812-816, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750823

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of aldosterone (ALD) on the migration of rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC-T6) and its mechanism. Methods HSC-T6 cells were cultured and divided into control group (treated with medium only), ALD group (only 1 nmol/L ALD, 24 hours), spironolactone pre-treated group (a specific inhibitor of ALD receptor 10 nmol/L spironolactone at 1 hours before ALD treatment), Y27632 pre-treated group (a RhoA kinase inhibitor 10 nmol/L Y27632 at 1 hours before ALD treatment). A TranswellTM chamber system was used to observe the change of migration in the different groups. Changes in actin cytoskeletal organization were visualized by fluorescence staining using rhadamin-labeled phalloidin and fluorescence images were recorded using confocal microscopy. The levels of phosphorylated myosinlight chain (p-MLC) and phosphorylated moesin (p-moesin) in the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway were evaluated by Western blotting in HSC-T6 cells. Results ALD treatment of HSC-T6 resulted in the enhancement of migration, but the effect of ALD-induced migration could be inhibited by spironolactone and Y27632. Stimulation of HSC-T6 with ALD induced a rapid morphological change conconmitant with a robust reorganization of actin cytoskeleton, while the morphological change was suppressed by spironolactone and Y27632. The effect of aldosterone on the activation of HSC migration was mediated by p-MLC and p-moesin protein expressions through the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway. Spironolactone and Y27632 had the ability to block aldosterone-induced protein expressions in HSC-T6 cells. Conclusion ALD can induce the migration of activated HSC-T6 cells through the activation of the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Aldosterona/farmacologia , Movimento Celular , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Amidas , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Células Estreladas do Fígado/citologia , Piridinas , Ratos , Espironolactona
12.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(9): 817-822, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750824

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the role of RAD51 in cell proliferation, migration and chemosensitivity to temozolomide (TMZ) using U251 glioma cell line, and to clarify the underlying molecular mechanism. Methods TCGA database was utilized to analyze the expression changes of RAD51 in gliomas. RAD51 was over-expressed or knocked down in U251 glioma cells via lentivirus infection, or its activity was inhibited by small molecule inhibitors. Cell proliferation and migration ability were examined by CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, and scratch wound-healing assay; CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry were performed to assess the effect of RAD51 on the sensitivity of glioma cells upon the treatment of temozolomide. Western blotting was used to determine the alteration of P53. Results The expression of RAD51 significantly increased in glioma tissues. RAD51 enhanced the proliferation and migration ability of U251 glioma cells; knockdown of RAD51 enhanced the sensitivity of U251 glioma cells to temozolomide. Over-expression of RAD51 increased the expression of P53, whereas knockdown of RAD51 decreased the expression of P53. Conclusion RAD51 plays an oncogene function in glioma cells. RAD51 over-expression enhances the proliferation and migration of glioma cells. RAD51 knockdown increases the sensitivity of glioma cells to temozolomide.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Glioblastoma/patologia , Rad51 Recombinase/metabolismo , Temozolomida/farmacologia , Apoptose , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos
13.
Med Oncol ; 36(11): 95, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637536

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is one of the most lethal gynecological cancers; owning to its late detection and chemoresistance, understanding the pathogenesis of this malignant tumor is much critical. Previous studies have reported that ubiquitin-specific peptidase 39 (USP39) is generally overexpressed in a variety of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma, gastric cancer and so forth. Furthermore, USP39 is proved to be associated with the proliferation of malignant tumors. However, the function and mechanism of USP39 in ovarian cancer have not been elucidated. In the present study, we observed that USP39 was frequently overexpressed in human ovarian cancer and was highly correlated with TNM stage. Suppression of USP39 markedly inhibited the growth and migration of ovarian cancer cell lines HO-8910 and SKOV3 and induced cell cycle G2/M arrest. Moreover, knockdown of USP39 inhibited ovarian tumor growth in a xenograft model. In addition, our findings indicated that cell cycle arrest induced by USP39 knockdown might be involved in p53/p21 signaling pathway. Furthermore, we found that the depletion of USP39 inhibited the migration of ovarian cancer cells via blocking epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Taken together, these results suggest that USP39 may play vital roles in the genesis and progression and may serve as a potential biomarker for diagnosis and therapeutic target of ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Animais , Processos de Crescimento Celular/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HEK293 , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/enzimologia , Transdução de Sinais , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/biossíntese , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/genética
14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(86): 12904-12907, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584577

RESUMO

A novel type of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-activated diazeniumdiolate based on an α-ketoamide moietey was developed as a nitric oxide (NO) donor. KA-NO-4 inhibited lung cancer cells with submicromolar activity. The H2O2-responsive behaviour of KA-NO-4 was thoroughly investigated. The NO-centered mechanism of action of KA-NO-4 was intracellularly studied.


Assuntos
Amidas/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Compostos Azo/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Doadores de Óxido Nítrico/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Azo/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Doadores de Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia
15.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(9): 1065-1070, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To isolate tumor stem-like cells from human epithelial ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells and explore their role in the formation of vascularization mimicry (VM). METHODS: SKOV3 cells were passaged to the 7th generation by suspension culture in serum-free medium, and the percentages of CD133- and CD117-positive cells in the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th generations were analyzed using flow cytometry. The proliferative activity of the cells sorted from the 7th generation SKOV3 cells was assessed with colony formation assay. A three-dimensional cell culture model was established to compare the ability of VM formation between the sorted cells and the parental SKOV3 cells. The expression levels of matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in the two groups were detected using real-time PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: Some SKOV3 cells formed typical cell spheres with suspension growth in serum-free medium and were passaged to the 7th generation. Flow cytometry revealed that the percentage of CD133-positive cells increased with cell passaging. The cloning efficiency of the sorted cells was significantly higher than that of the parental SKOV3 cells (50.33% vs 5.33%, P < 0.001). The VM formation ability of the sorted cells was stronger than that of the parental SKOV3 cells in the three-dimensional cell culture system. RT-PCR and Western blotting showed that the expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were significantly higher in the 7th passage cells than in the parental cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The sorted cells from SKOV3 cells cultured in serum-free medium exhibit biological properties of tumor stem cells with strong VM formation ability, suggesting their role in VM formation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/citologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo
16.
Chem Biol Interact ; 314: 108841, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586452

RESUMO

Despite the existence of multimodal therapy concepts, glioblastoma remains a tumor type with one of the worst prognoses. In particular, the poor prognosis is due to the lack of therapeutic efficacy of chemical agents and irradiation in hypoxic tumor areas. New therapeutic strategies could improve the treatment of glioblastoma. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of a conjugate of cisplatin (DDP), a widely used chemotherapeutic agent, and betulinic acid (BA), a natural product from plane tree bark, in glioblastoma cells under different oxygen conditions. We investigated the effects of the BA-DDP conjugate κN',N''-{3-acetyloxy-BA-28-[2-(2-aminoethyl)aminoethyl]amide} dichlorido platinum(II) (APC) and its precursor 3-acetyloxy-BA-28-[2-(2-aminoethyl)aminoethyl]amide (DE9B) on cytotoxicity, cell growth, apoptosis, migration and radiosensitivity compared to BA or DDP alone under different oxygen conditions. Based on the EC50 values, the precursor DE9B exhibited the strongest cytotoxic effects of the analyzed chemotherapeutic agents. The BA-DDP conjugate APC achieved a moderate cytotoxic effect in glioma cells. Both of the newly developed agents induced cell growth delay, apoptosis and inhibition of migration. Furthermore, additive effects could be achieved in combination with irradiation. In contrast to those of BA and DDP, the cell biological effects of APC and DE9B were not influenced by the oxygen concentration. In this study, the linking of BA and DDP did not produce a compound with additive therapeutic effects on glioblastoma cell lines in vitro. Nevertheless, the results of this study suggest that the precursor DE9B is an effective BA derivative for the treatment of glioblastoma in vitro.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Triterpenos/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 7/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Humanos
17.
Chem Biol Interact ; 314: 108846, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606474

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in EMT but their role in the regulation of cigarette smoke-induced EMT in airway epithelium is not clear. We have therefore investigated the potential role of MMP-2 and -9 in cigarette smoke extract (CSE) induced EMT using A549 lung epithelial cells and human small airway epithelial cells (SAEC). The cells were treated with different concentration of CSE, and MTT and trypan blue assays, acridine orange-ethidium bromide assay, gelatin zymography, Western blotting, immunofluorescence studies, Boyden-chamber assay, wound healing assay and air-liquid interface (ALI) culture were used to assess different cellular and molecular changes associated with EMT. The results depict that CSE increased the cytotoxicity along with a concurrent increase in the expression and activity of MMP-2 and -9. CSE further altered EMT markers like E-cadherin, N-cadherin, vimentin, and the molecular modulators of EMT such as ß-catenin and pGSK-3ß. Further, CSE also upregulated EGFR, AKT, and ERK1/2 in airway epithelial cells. SB-3CT, a known inhibitor of MMP-2 and -9, altered and reversed the expression of markers of EMT and kinases, validating the role of MMP-2 and -9 in CSE-induced EMT. Fisetin, a plant-derived bioflavonoid, also reversed the expression of EMT markers and molecular regulators in a similar fashion as SB-3CT. In summary, this study highlights the role of MMP-2 and -9 in CSE-induced EMT and curate its molecular cascade through EGFR/AKT/ERK/ß-catenin axis, which could be restored by MMP-2 and -9 inhibitor and fisetin. Fisetin is hitherto unknown to modulate CSE-induced MMPs activity in airway epithelial cells, and our study suggests its potential role as a therapeutic approach in CSE-induced EMT in lung epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Tabaco/química , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
18.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 520-526, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of nuclear receptor Rev-erbß knockout on proliferation and migration ability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2. METHODS: -The Rev-erbß gene knockout HepG2 cell line was abtained by CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technique with specific DNA modification of the target gene. The Rev-erbß gene targeting vectors were co-transfected into HepG2 cells. Through cloning and screening, the Rev-erbß gene knockout HepG2 cell line was constructed, PCR, sequencing and Western blot methods were carried out for the identification of the Rev-erbß gene knockout HepG2 cell line. The expression level of tumor migration and invasion-associated gene in Rev-erbß gene knockout cell was determined by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and was compared with normal cell as control.MTT, cell scratch and Transwell experiments were conducted in order to explore the effect of Rev-erbß gene on HepG2 cell's ability of proliferation, migration and invasion. RESULTS: A Rev-erbß gene knockout monoclonal cell line, which was identified by PCR, sequencing and Western blot, was successfully constructed and named HepG2 C5 (Rev-erbß -/-). qRT-PCR results showed that Rev-erbß knockout resulted in up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) and extracellular matrix protein-1 (ECM1) gene expression (P < 0.05) and down-regulation of E-cadherin (CDH1) gene expression (P=0.05).Results of MTT, cell scratch and transwell experiments showed that HepG2 C5 had stronger proliferation, migration and invasion ability than control cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Rev-erbß gene knockout could change the expression of migration and adhesion-associated genes in HepG2 cell, and then affect the proliferation, migration and invasion ability of HepG2 cells.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Invasividade Neoplásica , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo
19.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1146: 1-11, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612450

RESUMO

Collective cell migration plays key roles in various physiological and pathological processes in multicellular organisms, including embryonic development, wound healing, and formation of cancer metastases. Such collective migration involves complex crosstalk among cells and their environment at both biochemical and mechanical levels. Here, we review various computational modeling strategies that have been helpful in decoding the dynamics of collective cell migration. Most of such attempts have focused either aspect - mechanical or biochemical regulation of collective cell migration, and have yielded complementary insights. Finally, we suggest some possible ways to integrate these models to gain a more comprehensive understanding of collective cell migration.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Modelos Biológicos , Animais , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Humanos , Cicatrização
20.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1146: 31-44, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612452

RESUMO

Cells apply forces to their surroundings to perform basic biological activities, including division, adhesion, and migration. Similarly, cell populations in epithelial tissues coordinate forces in physiological processes of morphogenesis and repair. These activities are highly regulated to yield the correct development and function of the body. The modification of this order is at the onset of pathological events and malfunctions. Mechanical forces and their translation into biological signals are the focus of an emerging field of research, shaping as a central discipline in the study of life and gathering knowledge at the interface of engineering, physics, biology and medicine. Novel engineering methods are needed to complement the classic instruments developed by molecular biology, physics and medicine. These should enable the measurement of forces at the cellular and multicellular level, and at a temporal and spatial resolution which is fully compatible with the ranges experienced by cells in vivo.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Movimento Celular , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Morfogênese , Estresse Mecânico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA