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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19197, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatigue is one of the most prevalent and debilitating symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD). The effective management of depression-related fatigue has an important impact on the patient's abilities, functioning, and quality of life (QOL). Moxibustion has been widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to manage fatigue. Recent studies have also demonstrated that moxibustion is effective for treating cancer-related fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome. However, there is not sufficient data supporting the effect of moxibustion for depression-related fatigue. Therefore, this randomized, assessor-blinded, wait-list controlled trial is designed to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and feasibility of moxibustion treatment for depression-related fatigue. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-six participants who meet the diagnostic criteria for depression in the International Classification of Diseases, tenth revision (ICD-10), and who also have a score of ≥1 on the 13 item of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-17 (HAMD-17), will be enrolled. At study entry, participants will undergo anti-depressant treatment for at least 1 month. Then those who still have a score of ≥1 on the 13 item of the HAMD-17 will be randomly allocated to either a moxibustion group or wait-list control group in a ratio of 1:1. Anti-depressants will be provided for both groups during the whole process of the study period. Participants in the moxibustion group will undergo 14 sessions of moxibustion (over 2 weeks) with anti-depressant treatment, and participants in the wait-list control group will receive only anti-depressant treatment. Subsequently, participants in the moxibustion group will be followed-up for 4 weeks. The primary outcome measure will be the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). The secondary outcome measure will be the HAMD-17. Safety will be assessed by monitoring adverse events during the study. Trial feasibility will also be assessed in this study. DISCUSSION: The results of this study may provide evidence for the efficacy of moxibustion as an adjunct to antidepressants for depression-related fatigue, and promote a more widespread foundation for the selection of moxibustion in the clinical setting as well as for future research in moxibustion therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR1800016905).


Assuntos
Depressão/complicações , Fadiga/terapia , Moxibustão , Fadiga/etiologia , Humanos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18547, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is one of the most common gynecological complaint among menstruating females. Acupuncture has been employed to relieve the pain-based symptoms and to avoid the side effects of conventional medication, especially, moxibustion has confirmed as an effective, convenient, and safe treatment for various types of menstrual pain. The purpose of this study is to systematically assess the effect and safety of moxibustion for treating PD. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following databases will be searched from their inception to December 2019: PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Wan-Fang Databases, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Citation Information by National Institute of Informatics, Chinese Scientific Journal Database. Two reviewers will search these databases, select data and evaluate the quality of studies separately. The methodological quality will be measured by the Cochrane risk of bias tool. The primary outcome is the pain degree evaluation including visual analog scale, numerical visual scale, verbal rating scale, Cox retrospective symptom scale, or any other scale used to evaluate the level of pain. And the response rate involved overall reduction in symptoms. The adverse effects, quality of life will be assessed as secondary outcomes. Risk ratio for dichotomous data and mean differences with a 95% confidence interval for continuous data will be adopted to express the effect and safety of moxibustion for PD. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019130141.


Assuntos
Dismenorreia/terapia , Moxibustão/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18558, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The invasive surgical intervention for neurogenic bladder dysfunction (NBD) following spinal cord injury (SCI) involves permanently altering one's body system and carries many surgical related risks and medication side effects are often seen in long term usage of pharmaceutical medications. Therefore, acupuncture and moxibustion therapies have been recommended due to their efficacy, simplicity of operation, cost effectiveness and safety. This protocol is designed for systematic review and network meta-analysis, which will perform comparisons or rankings of efficacy among the currently available acupuncture and moxibustion techniques and provide evidence to guide the best practice in acupuncture and moxibustion treatments of NBD due to SCI. METHODS/DESIGN: The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, CENTRAL, CNKI, The VIP Database, The Wanfang database, CDFD, CMFD will be searched from inception to November 1, 2019. All randomized controlled trials containing eligible interventions(s) and outcome(s) will be included. The quality of included trials will be assessed using the "Risk of bias" tool from the Cochrane Handbook (V.5.1.0). Data analysis will be conducted by using STATA software (Version 13.0). Continuous outcome will be indicated as mean difference (MD) or standard mean difference (SMD), and enumeration data will be presented with odds risk (OR) or relative risk (RR). RESULTS: This systematic review and network meta-analysis study aims to determine the most effective and safe approach in relieving urinary symptoms, and whether it produces better results in urodynamic examination. And a high-quality ranking of the therapeutic classes will be presented. The report will follow the PRISMA checklist for network meta-analysis. Results of the search strategy and the study selection will be presented in a PRISMA compliant flow chart. CONCLUSION: This study aims to propose a standard clinical decision-making guideline for acupuncture and moxibustion treatment of NBD after SCI.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Moxibustão/métodos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meta-Análise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/etiologia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18557, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anaphylactic rhinitis (AR) is one of the most common allergic disorders globally. Heat-sensitive moxibustion (HSM) is an effective method for AR without the occurrence of drug damage. This study aims to systematically investigate the effectiveness and safety of HSM for patients with AR. METHODS: Seven relevant electronic databases from inception until January 2020 including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Wanfang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and Chinese Scientific Journal Database will be searched. All relevant randomized clinical trials published in English and Chinese about HSM for AR regardless of blinding or publication types can be included. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and other potential articles in the reference list of included studies will also be searched. We recommend total nasal symptom score as primary outcomes. Secondary outcomes includes rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire, IgE, visual analogue scale, laboratory examination, and side effects. Study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment will be performed independently by 2 reviewers. Assessment of risk of bias and data synthesis will be conducted by RevMan 5.3 software. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not required for no personal data involved. The results of this SR will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta Analysis Protocols guidelines. RESULTS: The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The findings will provide further evidence for the management of AR. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019140723.


Assuntos
Moxibustão/métodos , Rinite Alérgica/terapia , Conjuntivite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Moxibustão/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18827, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977877

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous reviews indicate that the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion (AM) on restless legs syndrome (RLS) remains uncertainty. The results of trials published in the past 12 years may possibly change this situation, but an updated systematic review is not available. We therefore designed this study to systematically assess the effectiveness and safety of AM for treating RLS. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Nine online databases will be searched from inception to October 01 2019; there will be no language restrictions on the included trials. Randomized controlled trials that included patients with RLS receiving AM therapy versus a control group will be included. The selection of studies, risk of bias assessment and data extraction will be conducted by 2 independent researchers. Data synthesis will be performed by using RevMan V.5.2 software with fixed effects model or random effects model, according to the heterogeneity test. The dichotomous data will be presented as risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals (Cis) and the continuous data will be presented as weighted mean differences or standardized mean differences with 95% CIs. Evidence quality will be evaluated by using the grading of recommendations assessment (GRADE), development and evaluation system with low risk, unclear risk, and high risk. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review and meta-analysis is literature research which will not refer to private information and not impair one's health, so, ethical approval is not required. The results of this study will be published in a journal or concerned conferences. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019148325.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas/terapia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18908, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is a common gynecological disease, it refers to spasmodic pain in the lower abdomen before, after or during menstruation, accompanied by general discomfort, In severe cases, fainting may occur due to severe pain, reducing the quality of patients' life and imposing a heavy burden on social medical security system. There are many ways to treat primary dysmenorrhea, including western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine. Moxibustion is one of the traditional Chinese medicine treatments for primary dysmenorrhea, especially popular in China. Therefore, our overview aims at evaluating the methodological bias and the reliability of the conclusions of systematic reviews (SRs) about moxibustion for primary dysmenorrhoea, and help clinical decision makers translate this research into clinical policy and practice. METHODS: We will search electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese Biomedical Literatures Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WangFang Database (WF), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP) from inception to February 2017. We will consider systematic reviews and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of moxibustion for PD. Two reviewers will identify relevant studies, extract data information, and then assess the methodological quality by Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews-2 (AMSTAR-2) tool. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) report checklist to assess the quality of reports included in the study. We will use the evaluations of the Classification of Recommendations, Evaluation, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) of the authors of the included systematic reviews. The screening of systematic reviews, eligibility evaluation, data extraction, methodological quality, and quality of evidence will be conducted by independent reviewers in pairs. The outcomes of interest include: total effective rate, visual analog scale scores (VAS), Cox Menstrual Symptom Scale (CMSS), Dysmenorrhea symptom score and adverse events outcomes prioritized in the individual reviews. We will extract data onto a predefined form designed to summarize the key characteristics of each review. The evidence will be a narrative synthesis organized around the type and content of the intervention and the results reported. RESULTS: The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSIONS: We expect to compile evidence from multiple systematic reviews of symptomatic improvement in patients with primary dysmenorrhea in an accessible and useful document. REGISTRATION NUMBER PROSPERO: CRD42019141130.


Assuntos
Dismenorreia/terapia , Moxibustão , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18918, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) causes discomfort in daily life, including lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) caused by the enlarged prostate, and requires long-term management as a chronic, irreversible disease. To improve LUTS, certain complementary therapies have been used with or without doctors' directions. Conventional treatments and complementary therapies tend to be combined unsystematically, depending on patient preference; thus, research for safe and efficient combination therapy is warranted. METHODS: Twenty-nine participants were randomly assigned to an integrative group (IG, n = 15) or a conventional group (CG, n = 14). The IG received moxibustion (twice weekly for 4 weeks, at the acupuncture points SP6, LR3, and CV4) and conventional medication for 4 weeks, followed by conventional medication alone for 8 weeks. The CG received conventional medication alone for 12 weeks. The outcome measures were International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), patient's global impression of changes (PGIC), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), and frequency-volume chart. RESULTS: Total IPSS (IG, -2.4 ±â€Š4.2; CG, 0.9 ±â€Š4.0; P = .039), PGIC-A (IG, 3.5 ±â€Š1.0; CG, 2.2 ±â€Š1.0; P = .001), and PGIC-B (IG, 3.5 ±â€Š0.1; CG, 4.7 ±â€Š0.6; P = .004) were significantly improved in the IG compared with the CG, 4 weeks after baseline. Among the IPSS items, incomplete emptying (IG, -0.6 ±â€Š0.7; CG, 0.4 ±â€Š1.2; P = .019), straining (IG, -0.6 ±â€Š0.8; CG, 0.2 ±â€Š1.2; P = .046), and nocturia (IG, -0.8 ±â€Š1.4; CG, 0.1 ±â€Š1.0; P = .045) showed significant differences. The Qmax and PVR volume did not differ significantly at 12 weeks after the baseline. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion can be considered an adjunct therapy to improve LUTS in BPE patients. A full-sized randomized controlled trial would be feasible with comparator modifications and an extended study period. The study design should include a placebo group and narrow the eligibility to subjects who do not respond well to conventional treatments.


Assuntos
Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Moxibustão/métodos , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Idoso , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 3-7, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect on intestinal dysfunction of spinal cord injury (SCI) between the comprehensive therapy of tongdu tiaoshen moxibustion (moxibustion for opening the governor vessel and regulating the spirit) and rehabilitation training and the simple treatment with rehabilitation training. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with intestinal dysfunction of SCI were randomized into a comprehensive therapy group and a rehabilitation group, 30 cases in each one (3 cases were dropped out in each group). On the base of the routine western medicine treatment and rehabilitation training, the bowel training and rectal function training were provided, once a day in the rehabilitation group. In the comprehensive therapy group, on the base of the treatment as the rehabilitation group, the tongdu tiaoshen moxibustion was exerted at Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Mingmen (GV 4), Zhiyang (GV 9), Dazhui (GV 14) and Baihui (GV 20), etc, once a day, 30 min each time. In both groups, the treatment for 4 weeks was as one course and 3 courses of treatment were required. Separately, before treatment, after 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) and World Health Organization quality of life scale (WHOQOL-BREF) were observed and the clinical effect was evaluated after 12 weeks of treatment. RESULTS: After treatment, the total effective rate was 88.9% (24/27) in the comprehensive therapy group, which was higher than 74.1% (20/27) in the rehabilitation group (P<0.05). After 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, NBD scores were all reduced obviously as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all P<0.01). After 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, NBD scores in the comprehensive therapy group were lower than the rehabilitation group (both P<0.05). After 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of all of the domains (psychology, physiology, social relations and environment) in WHOQOL-BREF were higher than those before treatment in the two groups (all P<0.01). After 4 weeks of treatment, the scores in the psychology and physiology domains in the comprehensive therapy group were higher than the rehabilitation group (all P<0.05). After 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of all of the domains in the comprehensive therapy group were higher than the rehabilitation group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The comprehensive treatment of tongdu tiaoshen moxibustion and rehabilitation training achieves the better effect on intestinal dysfunction of SCI than the simple rehabilitation training and greatly improves the quality of life in SCI patients.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia
9.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 8-12, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and partial action mechanism of mild moxibustion combined with salt-separated moxibustion for gastrointestinal discomfort caused by chemotherapy for breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 48 patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 24 cases in each group. The patients in the control group were treated with intravenous infusion of tropisetron hydrochloride (5 mg), once a day for three days; the patients in the observation group were additionally treated with mild moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36), Zhongwan (CV 12), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6) and salt-separated moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8), 15 min per treatment, once a day for 7 days. Before treatment and on the 7th day of chemotherapy, the levels of pepsinogenⅠ(PGⅠ), pepsinogenⅡ (PGⅡ), the ratio of PGⅠto PGⅡ (PGR) and gastrin 17 (G-17) in serum were measured. Before treatment and on the 3rd, 5th, 7th day of chemotherapy, the gastrointestinal reactions (nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea) were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: On the 7th day of chemotherapy, the serum levels of PGⅠ, PGⅡand G-17 in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05), and the difference in the level of PGR in serum between the observation group and the control group was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The total scores of nausea, vomiting and constipation during chemotherapy in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The mild moxibustion combined with salt-separated moxibustion could effectively improve the symptoms of nausea, vomiting and constipation caused by chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer, and its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of the levels of PGⅠ, PGⅡ and G-17 in serum.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Humanos , Náusea , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 17-20, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930893

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effect of thunder-fire moxibustion combined with vibration training and simple vibration training on low back pain of primary osteoporosis by Young's modulus of ultrasonic wave, and seek an objective evaluating method. METHODS: A total of 60 patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. The patients in the two groups were treated with vibration training using whole body vibration treatment bed. In the observation group, thunder-fire moxibustion was applied at Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Mingmen (GV 4), Ganshu (BL 18), Shenshu (BL 23) and Dachangshu (BL 25). The treatment was given once every other day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The visual analogue score (VAS), real-time shear wave elastography (RTSWE) and medical outcomes study 36-item short-form hearth survey (SF-36) were used to evaluate pain intensity, multifidus muscle tone (Young's modulus) and quality of life before treatment, after 4-week treatment and 1 month after treatment. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the VAS scores, Young's modulus of multifidus muscle and 5 dimensions of SF-36 (physical condition, body pain, general health, social function and mental health) after 4-week treatment and 1 month after treatment were significantly improved in the two groups (all P<0.05), the physiological role in the observation group after 4-week treatment and 1 month after treatment were improved (both P<0.05). In the observation group, the VAS scores, Young's modulus of multifidus muscle and 3 dimensions of SF-36 (physiological role, body pain and general health) after 4-week treatment and 1 month after treatment were superior to the control group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The therapeutic effect of thunder-fire moxibustion combined with vibration training is superior to simple vibration training in relieving low back pain intensity and multifidus muscle tone, and improving quality of life for primary osteoporosis. RTSWE technique can be an objective examination method to evaluate pain.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Moxibustão , Osteoporose , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Dor Lombar/terapia , Osteoporose/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Vibração
11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 49-53, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930899

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the epidemiologic characteristics of acupuncturists who are sensitive to stimulation of moxa smoke, which could provide further direction for safety protection of exerting moxibustion and to further verify the feasibility of internet survey. METHODS: A self-made questionnaire regarding body response to moxa smoke was established, which was used to conduct a face-to-face survey among acupuncturists who had performed long-term moxibustion. The Logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting the stimulation response of acupuncturists and the epidemiological characteristics of acupuncturists was obtained. RESULTS: A total of 733 valid data was obtained. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the history of chronic respiratory disease was the main risk factor of stimulus response including cough, phlegm in the throat, asthma, dyspnea, shortness of breath and nasal dryness after exposure to moxa smoke (P<0.05, P<0.01). The risk of stimulus response such as cough, tearing and nasal dryness was higher in women than in men (P<0.05, P<0.01). The risk of dry eyes and eyes pain in smokers was higher than those in non-smokers (P<0.05). The risk of shortness of breath in those who were exposed to second-hand smoke was higher than those who were not exposed to second-hand smoke (P<0.05). The analysis of index trend line showed that the results of internet survey were similar to those of face-to-face survey. CONCLUSION: The stimulus response of acupuncturist after long-term exposure to moxa smoke is related to the history of chronic respiratory disease, being female, smoking or exposure of second-hand smoke, therefore more attention should be paid to those populations. In addition, the internet survey can be used for the epidemiological investigation of safety of moxa smoke.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Fumaça , Tosse , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Muco , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 79-83, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930904

RESUMO

Professor CHEN Ri-xin has explored the causes of the characteristics of TCM syndromes in modern disease spectrum and pointed out that the TCM syndromes are generally characterized by "yang is often insufficient, but yin is often surplus". Based on the clinical experience and the understanding of TCM classics and ancient literature on tumor, professor CHEN has proposed that TCM syndromes of patients with advanced tumor are also generally characterized by "yang is often insufficient, but yin is often surplus". The heat-sensitive moxibustion has the functions of warming and nourishing yang-qi, eliminating dampness, warming meridians and dispersing cold, activating blood circulation and clearing collaterals, therefore tumor patients with deficiency syndrome (yang-deficiency, qi-deficiency), cold syndrome, dampness syndrome, phlegm syndrome and blood-stasis syndrome belonging to the indications of heat-sensitive moxibustion. The heat-sensitive moxibustion has unique advantages in treating spleen-stomach dysfunction after chemotherapy and radiotherapy, bone marrow suppression after chemotherapy and radiotherapy, cancerous deficiency, cancerous pain, pleural effusion, ascites, constipation, which has important clinical value in improving the quality of life and prolonging the life time for patients with advanced tumors.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Neoplasias , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Neoplasias/terapia , Qualidade de Vida
13.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 85-8, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930905

RESUMO

The internationalization of Chinese acupuncture-moxibustion is inevitably accompanied by the localization of acupuncture-moxibustion. The localization of acupuncture-moxibustion will inevitably promote the diversified development of acupuncture-moxibustion technique and theory, which fully demonstrates the openness of modern acupuncture-moxibustion. In this study, the characteristics of localization of Chinese acupuncture-moxibustion in the United States are explored and studied from the following aspects: legal adjustment, technical adjustment, educational adjustment, service adjustment and theoretical adjustment.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Estados Unidos
14.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 103-5, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930908

RESUMO

In this paper, the micro-video teaching mode was explored in the course construction of Characteristic Clinical Technology of Acupuncture and Moxibustion. The micro-video teaching contents include the academic thought, experience in diagnosis and treatment, characteristic technology and clinical manipulation of famous acupuncture experts in the Henan University of CM. Each micro-video film is designed within 15-18 min, including three sections of knowledge, i.e. basic theory, technological application and clinical manipulation. Each section is designed within 5-6 min. The construction of the teaching course of Characteristic Clinical Technology of Acupuncture and Moxibustion is the innovation of practice mode of TCM and the new approach to the inheritance of the experience of experts. The construction of micro-video teaching course propels the reform of teaching mode, improves the learning initiative of students and clinical manipulative ability so as to improve the teaching effect and quality.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Ensino
15.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 106-8, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930909

RESUMO

The new teaching mode of Science of Meridians and Acupoints based on the practice platform was explored so as to promote the mutual benefits for both teaching and learning. As the basic course of acupuncture-moxibustion and tuina specialty, Science of Meridians and Acupoints is the core theoretical and practical course. Through the establishment of on-campus practice platforms, e.g. the Technique Association of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, physical therapy room of acupuncture-moxibustion and tuina and the practical platform for promoting outside-campus medical service, in accordance with the teaching mode of "theory → practice → re-theory → re-practice", the class teaching of theory and the skill training were optimized, the three-dimensional practice platforms for teaching Science of Meridians and Acupoints was constructed, meaning "class teaching → on-campus practice → social service". This teaching mode motivates the enthusiasm of teaching and learning, improves the teaching quality of Science of Meridians and Acupoints, enhances the professional theoretical level as well as the clinical practice ability. Such teaching mode plays a positive role in the cultivation of talents of acupuncture-moxibustion and tuina.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Ensino
16.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 109-11, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930910

RESUMO

A mini-infrared moxibustion instrument was developed on the base of carbon fiber heating film. This new type moxibustion instrument integrated the moxibusiton technique of TCM with modern technology. It is composed of a power module, an infrared generator module, a temperature sensor, a display screen and a main control panel. The carbon fiber is adopted as the material for infrared generator, which produces infrared rays in the range of the life light wave (from 8 to 15 µm), characterized as precise control of temperature, small gradient and wide range of temperature adjustment. The users can adjust the temperature and time of moxibustion by themselves. The instrument is small in size, light in weight, easy to carry and charge as well as comfortable and safe in application. It can be fixed directly at the required region without the posture restriction and be used whenever needed. Using PowerLab multichannel physiological recorder, the temperature carve is detected at different setting temperatures. The results show that the temperature is increased rapidly and stable.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Fibra de Carbono , Temperatura Ambiente
17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(12): 1294-8, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of adjuvant therapy of moxibustion combined with Wenyang Lishui formula for peritoneal effusion of ovarian malignant tumors. METHODS: Sixty patients with peritoneal effusion of ovarian malignant tumors were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. The patients in the control group were treated with intravenous infusion of paclitaxel liposome at the first day and cisplatin at the 2nd to 4th day, 21 days as a course of treatment, and 4 courses were given. Based on the treatment of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated by moxibustion combined with Wenyang Lishui formula. Moxibustion was applied at Mingmen (GV 4), Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23), Shenque (CV 8), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Zhongwan (CV 12), Shuifen (CV 9), Qihai (CV 6) and Zhongji (CV 3), each acupoint for 30 min, once a day for 12 weeks. Wenyang Lishui formula was taken twice orally, one dose a day, 2 weeks as a course of treatment, and 6 courses were given. The levels of , , and / in peripheral blood were measured before and after 12-week treatment in the two groups. The changes of peritoneal effusion volume and Karnofsky performance status scale (KPS) score before and after treatment were compared between the two groups, and the clinical efficacy of the two groups was evaluated. RESULTS: The symptom improvement rate was 96.7% (29/30) and overall effective rate was 86.7% (26/30) in the observation group, which were significantly superior to those in the control group [80.0% (24/30) and 56.7% (17/30), P<0.05]. After treatment, the levels of , and / in peripheral blood were significantly increased in the observation group (P<0.01), there was no significant difference in the control group before and after treatment (P>0.05), and the increase in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the volume of peritoneal effusion in the two groups was decreased (P<0.01), and the reduced volume in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, KPS scores were increased significantly in both two groups (P<0.01), and the increase in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The incidence rate of adverse reactions in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [23.3% (7/30) vs 53.3% (16/30), P<0.05]. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion combined with Wenyang Lishui formula could effectively improve the immune function, reduce the volume of peritoneal effusion, improve the symptom improvement rate, overall effective rate and the quality of life, and reduce the incidence of adverse reactions in chemotherapy of patients with peritoneal effusion of ovarian malignant tumors.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Neoplasias , Pontos de Acupuntura , Líquido Ascítico , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(12): 1313-8, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the eliminating effects of moxibustion at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) on amyloid ß-peptide (Aß) in brain of the amyloid precursor protein/presenili1 (APP/PS1) double-transgenic mice with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by regulating the phosphoinositide 3-kinases/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway. METHODS: A total of 60 APP/PS1 double-transgenic mice with AD were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group, a rapamycin group and a combination group (treated with moxibustion and inhibitor), 15 mice in each group, another 15 male C57BL/6J mice with same age and background were selected as the control group. In the moxibustion group, pressing moxibustion was applied at "Baihui" (GV 20) while the mild moxibustion was applied at "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Dazhui" (GV 14). The treatment was manipulated for 20 min each time, once a day for 2 weeks. In the rapamycin group, rapamycin (2 mg/kg) was given by intraperitoneal injection once a day for 2 weeks. On the basis of the treatment in the moxibustion group, 3-methyladenine (1.5 mg/kg) was given by intraperitoneal injection once a day for 2 weeks. The mice in the control and the model group received normal diet and no intervention was given for 2 weeks. Immunohistochemica method was used to measure the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal, transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the formation of autophagosome in hippocampus, and Western blot method was used to observe the levels of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR and p-mTOR in hippocampus. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were increased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were decreased in the moxibustion group, the rapamycin group and the combination group (all P<0.01), compared with the moxibustion group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were increased in the combination group (P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between the moxibustion group and the rapamycin group in the levels of Aß1-42(P>0.05). Compared with the rapamycin group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were increased in the combination group (P<0.01). In the model group, the cytoplasmic utophagic vacuoles and organelles of neuron were reduced. In the moxibustion group, the utophagic vacuoles were increased, and the organelles showed deformation and atrophy. In the rapamycin group, the utophagic vacuoles were widely disturbed and few deformed organelles were found. In the combination group, few utophagic vacuoles were found and additional organelles showed deformation and atrophy. Compared with the control group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were increased in the model group (all P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were reduced in the moxibustion group, the rapamycin group and the combination group (all P<0.01). Compared with the moxibustion group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、and p-mTOR were increased in the rapamycin group and the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were increased in the combination group (all P<0.01). Compared with the rapamycin group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were increased in the combination group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion at acupoints of governor vessel can enhance the autophagy process on Aß1-42 in brain of the APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD mice, which may be associated with its effects on inhibiting the abnormal activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Autofagia , Moxibustão , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
19.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(12): 1321-6, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820608

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of acupuncture on resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) in patients with refractory peripheral facial paralysis, and to preliminarily explore the central mechanism of acupuncture for this disease. METHODS: Twenty patients with refractory peripheral facial paralysis were selected as subject and treated with acupuncture at Qianzheng (EX-HN 16), Fengchi (GB 20), Cuanzhu (BL 2), Dicang (ST 4), Jiache (ST 6), Shuigou (GV 26), Chengjiang (CV 24), Yifeng (TE 17), Touwei (ST 8), Sibai (ST 2), Yingxiang (LI 20) and Hegu (LI 4), once every other day, three times a week, 15 times as a course of treatment. The 1-course treatment was given. The score of Sunnybrook (Toronto) facial grading system was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy before and after the treatment. In addition, 20 healthy volunteers were selected as control. For patients, the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scans were performed before and after treatment, for healthy volunteers, the scans were performed when they were recruited. The brain magnetic resonance images were analyzed with left primary motor area (LMⅠ) and right primary motor area (RMⅠ) as regions of interest. The differences of rs-FC between patients with refractory peripheral facial paralysis before and after treatment and healthy volunteers were compared. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the Sunnybrook score was increased after the treatment (P<0.05). Compared with healthy volunteers, the functional connection between bilateral primary motor areas (MⅠ) and multiple brain areas were enhanced in patients before treatment, and most of brain areas were located in the anterior motor area (middle frontal gyrus, superior frontal gyrus), posterior central gyrus, anterior cuneiform lobe, middle temporal gyrus, inferior temporal gyrus and cerebellum lobe. Compared before treatment, the left inferior frontal gyrus was the strong functional connection area between LMⅠ and whole brain after acupuncture treatment, and there was no significant difference between RMⅠ and resting-state whole brain. Compared with healthy volunteers, the functional connections between bilateral MⅠ and multiple brain regions were enhanced after acupuncture, and most of the main brain regions were consistent with those before treatment. CONCLUSION: (1) Acupuncture could effectively improve the clinical symptoms of refractory peripheral facial paralysis. (2) The brain function of patients with refractory peripheral facial paralysis has been changed before acupuncture, which may be caused by the reactive compensation of the brain. (3) Acupuncture could enhance the functional connection between LMⅠ and left inferior frontal gyrus to promote the compensatory response, which may be one of the central mechanisms of acupuncture for refractory peripheral facial paralysis.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Encéfalo , Paralisia Facial/terapia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
20.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(12): 1340-2, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820612

RESUMO

The research aims to propose the approaches to the clinical trial of acupuncture and moxibustion and provide the methodological guide for the research in this field in terms of the inadequate systematic collection, lack of the specific characteristics of acupuncture-moxibustion treatment and insufficient persuasion in clinical evidences of acupuncture-moxibustion research. Through a systematic review of the registration of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials at home and abroad, the distribution of diseases with the recommendation of acupuncture and moxibustion in Cochrane Library database, combined with the evidence grade of the evidence-based medicine and the individual characteristics of clinical practice with acupuncture and moxibustion, some research ideas and framework are proposed for the clinical trial of acupuncture and moxibustion. To take the curative effect as the forerumer, the dominant disease and therapeutic methods of acupuncture and moxibustion should be initially generalized by the case experiences and clinical observation at the first. In view of the potential function of acupuncture and moxibustion in treatment, the rigorous and standardized clinical trial should be carried out to verify their therapeutic effect. Finally, the experimental research is adopted to explore the mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion. Through the combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, all of the evidences are integrated to form an integrative evidence chain. It is anticipated that the construction of the integrative evidence chain in clinical trial of acupuncture and moxibustion may enhance the promotion of clinical practice with acupuncture and moxibustion and increase the influence of acupuncture-moxibusiton discipline.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
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