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1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1372-1392, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-995106

RESUMO

En el presente artículo se reconstruye la trama específica en la que surgió la categoría mujer golpeada en la psicología argentina, en una peculiar circulación entre sociedad civil y Estado. Desde el enfoque de la historia crítica de la psicología junto a los aportes de la historia reciente, se analiza el proceso de recepción que se produjo en el escenario local, en el entrecruzamiento de la agenda de los derechos humanos con el ideario feminista. Se analiza cómo la violencia de género fue incluida en la agenda gubernamental, en los espacios de activismo feminista y en la producción teórica de la psicología. Se da cuenta de las solidaridades y diferencias entre estos ámbitos, poniendo en evidencia los entramados representacionales y valorativos implicados en los usos de diferentes categorías.(AU)


Neste artigo, reconstruímos a maneira como a categoria mulher maltratada surgiu na psicologia argentina, numa circulação peculiar entre a sociedade civil e o Estado. A partir da abordagem da história crítica da psicologia com as contribuições da história recente, analisamos a recepção no cenário local, na interligação da agenda de direitos humanos com o ideário feminista. Analisamos como a violência de gênero foi incluída na agenda governamental, no ativismo feminista e na produção teórica da psicologia. Incluímos a solidariedade e as diferenças entre essas áreas, levando em conta as representações e valores envolvidos nos usos das diferentes categorias.(AU)


In this article, we reconstruct the way in which the battered woman category emerged in Argentine psychology, in a peculiar circulation between civil society and the State. From the approach of the critical history of psychology to the contributions of recent history, we analyze the reception in the local scene, in the interconnection of the human rights agenda with the feminist ideology. We analyzed how gender violence was included in the governmental agenda, in feminist activism and in the theoretical production of psychology. We include solidarity and the differences between these areas, taking into account the representations and values involved in the uses of the different categories.(AU)


Assuntos
Violência contra a Mulher , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Psicologia/história , Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia
2.
Saúde Soc ; 28(2): 201-214, abr.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014577

RESUMO

Resumo As Delegacias Especializadas de Atendimento à Mulher (Deam) compõem a rede intersetorial de serviços de atendimento à violência contra as mulheres. A proposta deste estudo foi buscar aproximação à realidade de uma Deam, com mulheres em situação de violência e policiais que trabalhavam na unidade. O método é qualitativo, consistindo em pesquisa etnográfica numa delegacia do interior do estado de São Paulo. Nas relações entre usuárias e policiais, o contato que mantinham entre si revelou que as mulheres se opunham à violência, ainda que, por vezes, suas relações fossem antagônicas e conflitivas. Nas diferentes linguagens entre as imprescindibilidades das vítimas e policiais, enquanto as agentes enquadravam os relatos nas normas do direito e da justiça, as usuárias queriam atendimento integral de segurança pública e saúde. De um lado, a violência era relacional, envolvia as linguagens do parentesco e se imiscuía no cotidiano; de outro, era um registro, um direito ou uma ação a ser tomada. A experiência etnográfica mostrou os limites de uma Deam, desenhou suas dificuldades em atender as demandas e revelou as angústias de cada voz, mas também surgiu como lócus de resolução de conflitos e negociações, não se limitando às interpretações criminais. Dessa forma, a Deam se mostrou como um lugar para as mulheres falarem de si e de suas expectativas.


Abstract The Women Police Stations (Deam) comprise the intersectoral network of services for violence victims. This study aimed to approximate to the reality of a Deam, with women suffering violence and police officers who worked at the unit. Its method is qualitative, consisting of an ethnographic research in a police station in the countryside of São Paulo. The contact between users and police officers showed the women opposed violence, even if, at times, their relationships were antagonistic or troubled. In the different languages between the indispensabilities of victims and officers, while the officers conformed the reports to the law and justice provisions, the users sought integral care regarding public security and health. On the one hand, violence was relational, involved the languages of the kinship and mixed with the daily life; on the other hand, it was a record, a right, an action to be taken. The ethnographic experience showed the limits of a Deam, delineated its difficulties in meeting demands and revealed the anguishes of each voice, but it emerged as a locus for resolution of conflicts and negotiations as well, not being limited to interpreting crimes. Thus, Deam proved to be a place where women talked about themselves and their expectations.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Segurança , Saúde da Mulher , Colaboração Intersetorial , Mulheres Maltratadas , Violência contra a Mulher , Antropologia Cultural
3.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 494, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Europe, it is estimated that one third of women had experienced at least one physical or sexual violence after their 15. Taking into account the severe health consequences, the Emergency Department (ED), may offer an opportunity to recognize when an aggression is part of the spectrum of violence. This study applies Social Network analysis (SNA) to ED data in the Lazio region with the objective to identify patterns of diagnoses, within all the ED accesses of women experiencing an aggression, that are signals for gender-based violence against women. We aim to develop a risk assessment tool for ED professionals in order to strength their ability to manage victims of violence. METHODS: A cohort of 124,691 women aged 15-70 with an ED visit for aggression between 2003 and 2015 was selected and, for each woman, the ED history of diagnoses and traumas was reconstructed. SNA was applied on all these diagnoses and traumas, including also 9 specific violence diagnoses. SNA community detection algorithms and network centrality measures were used to detect diagnostic patterns more strongly associated to violence. A logistic model was developed to validate the capability of these patterns to predict the odds for a woman of having an history of violence. Model results were summed up into a risk chart. RESULTS: Among women experiencing an aggression, SNA identified four communities representing specific violence-related patterns of diagnoses. Diagnoses having a central role in the violence network were alcohol or substance abuse, pregnancy-related conditions and psychoses. These high-risk violence related patterns accounted for at most 20% of our cohort. The logistic model had good predictive accuracy and predictive power confirming that diagnosis patterns identified through the SNA are meaningful in the violence recognition. CONCLUSIONS: Routine ED data, analyzed using SNA, can be a first-line warning to recognize when an aggression related access is part of the spectrum of gender-based violence against women. Increasing the available number of predictors, such procedures may be proven to support ED staff in identifying early signs of violence to adequately support the victims and mitigate the harms.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Rede Social , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Percepção Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
4.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 502, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How the mainstream news media report violence against women is significant if levels of violence are to be reduced and ultimately eliminated. Media reporting is an important indicator through which to measure progress towards shifting social and cultural norms that reinforce or challenge the place of violence against women in our society. The current study, therefore, aimed to establish a baseline picture of the extent and nature of reporting of violence against women by the mainstream Australian news media. METHODS: Descriptive and content analysis of media reports on violence against women that were collected over four months in three states of Australia. Reports were from newspapers, broadcast (television and radio) and online news sites. RESULTS: Coverage of violence against women in the mainstream news media was extensive. Explicitly situating violent experiences for women within a broader social context was infrequent. Few news reports included information for women on where to seek help. Additionally, news reports rarely elevated the voices of survivors, advocates and other experts, with a disproportionate emphasis on law enforcement, political and criminal justice perspectives. CONCLUSIONS: Despite readiness among journalists and readers to engage in news about violence against women, reporting that promotes public understanding of the issue is not always the norm.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Agressão , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Problemas Sociais , Televisão/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência
5.
JAMA ; 321(16): 1576-1585, 2019 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31012933

RESUMO

Importance: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem with significant adverse consequences for women and children. Past evaluations of a nurse home visitation program for pregnant women and first-time mothers experiencing social and economic disadvantage have not consistently shown reductions in IPV. Objective: To determine the effect on maternal quality of life of a nurse home visitation program augmented by an IPV intervention, compared with the nurse home visitation program alone. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cluster-based, single-blind, randomized clinical trial at 15 sites in 8 US states (May 2011-May 2015) enrolling 492 socially disadvantaged pregnant women (≥16 years) participating in a 2.5-year nurse home visitation program. Interventions: In augmented program sites (n = 229 participants across 7 sites), nurses received intensive IPV education and delivered an IPV intervention that included a clinical pathway to guide assessment and tailor care focused on safety planning, violence awareness, self-efficacy, and referral to social supports. The standard program (n = 263 participants across 8 sites) included limited questions about violence exposure and information for abused women but no standardized IPV training for nurses. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF; range, 0-400; higher score indicates better quality of life) obtained through interviews at baseline and every 6 months until 24 months after delivery. From 17 prespecified secondary outcomes, 7 secondary end points are reported, including scores on the Composite Abuse Scale, SPAN (Startle, Physiological Arousal, Anger, and Numbness), Prime-MD Patient Health Questionnaire, TWEAK (Tolerance/Worry About Drinking/Eye-Opener/Amnesia/C[K]ut Down on Drinking), Drug Abuse Severity Test, and the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (physical and mental health), version 2. Results: Among 492 participants enrolled (mean age, 20.4 years), 421 (86%) completed the trial. Quality of life improved from baseline to 24 months in both groups (change in WHOQOL-BREF scores from 299.5 [SD, 54.4] to 308.2 [SD, 52.6] in the augmented program group vs from 293.6 [SD, 56.4] to 316.4 [SD, 57.5] in the standard program group). Based on multilevel growth curve analysis, there was no statistically significant difference between groups (modeled score difference, -4.9 [95% CI, -16.5 to 6.7]). There were no statistically significant differences between study groups in any of the secondary participant end points. There were no adverse events recorded in either group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among pregnant women experiencing social and economic disadvantage and preparing to parent for the first time, augmentation of a nurse home visitation program with a comprehensive IPV intervention, compared with the home visitation program alone, did not significantly improve quality of life at 24 months after delivery. These findings do not support the use of this intervention. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01372098.


Assuntos
Visita Domiciliar , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Gestantes , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Mulheres Maltratadas , Feminino , Número de Gestações , Humanos , Enfermeiras de Saúde Comunitária , Gravidez , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
6.
Violence Against Women ; 25(1): 56-80, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803425

RESUMO

This article surveys an evolving understanding of women's use of force in their intimate heterosexual relationships. It explores the common characteristics of women who use force and, using an intersectional lens, considers the experiences of women in marginalized communities. It also examines how the legal response to intimate partner violence has affected this population. In addition, the development of and best practices in community-based gender-responsive programming for women's use of force in their intimate heterosexual relationships are overviewed. In conclusion, this work identifies challenges that still exist in effectively responding to women's use of force.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Violence Against Women ; 25(1): 81-104, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803427

RESUMO

This article reviews the background, introduction, and critical response to new criminal offenses of coercive control in England/Wales and Scotland. How the new Scottish offense is implemented will determine whether it can overcome the shortcomings of the English law. We then review new evidence on four dimensions of coercive control: the relationship between "control" and "violence," coercive control in same-sex couples, measuring coercive control, and children's experience of coercive control. Coercive control is not a type of violence. Indeed, level of control predicts a range of negative outcomes heretofore associated with physical abuse, including post-separation violence and sexual assault; important differences in coercive control dynamics distinguish male homosexual from lesbian couples; measuring coercive control requires innovative ways of aggregating and categorizing data; and how children experience coercive control is a problem area that offers enormous promise for the years ahead.


Assuntos
Coerção , Polícia/tendências , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto , Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Comportamento Criminoso/classificação , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Polícia/legislação & jurisprudência , Escócia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , País de Gales
8.
BMC Womens Health ; 19(1): 20, 2019 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects one in three women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Although important policy and programmatic steps have been taken to address violence against women in Nepal over the past decade, there is still a gap on IPV research in Nepal, particularly with regard to social norms. METHODS: This mixed-methods study used in-depth interviews with women and their husbands as well as baseline survey data from a cluster randomized trial testing a primary prevention intervention for IPV to examine the prevalence and risk factors for IPV. Baseline survey data included 1800 women from Nawalparasi, Chitwan, and Kapilvastu districts in Nepal. Multivariate regression was used to identify risk and protective factors for exposure to physical and / or sexual IPV in the prior 12 months. Case-based analysis was used to analyze one of 18 pairs of in-depth interviews to examine risk and protective factors within marriages. RESULTS: Of 1800 eligible participants, 455 (25.28%) were exposed to IPV. In multivariate analyses, low caste, wife employment, income stress, poor marital communication, quarrelling, husband drunkenness, exposure to IPV as a child, in-law violence, and gender inequitable normative expectations were associated with IPV. The selected case interview represented common themes identified in the analysis including the wife's exposure to violence as a child, husband alcohol use, and marital quarrelling. CONCLUSIONS: Gender inequitable norms in the community and the intergenerational transmission of attitudes and behaviors supportive of IPV are important to address in intervention measures.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Nepal , Prevalência , Fatores de Proteção , Fatores de Risco , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 23: e-1249, jan.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1048086

RESUMO

Sob o olhar da saúde pública, a desproporcional carga de doença física e psiquiátrica no sistema carcerário apresenta um desafio e uma oportunidade para ações interdisciplinares em todo o mundo. OBJETIVO: verificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à violência na vida pregressa das reeducandas da Penitenciária Feminina de Campinas-SP. MÉTODO: trata-se de estudo transversal realizado com 1.013 reeducandas. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística múltipla. RESULTADOS: sofreram violência psicológica 40,3% e violência física/sexual 31,2% das mulheres. Cor da pele não branca (OR=1,40; IC95%:1,09 - 1,81), uso de tranquilizante (OR=1,40; IC95%:1,04-1,93), violência física referida antes dos 15 anos de idade (OR=1,40; IC95%:1,05-1,87) e transtorno mental comum (OR=1,95; IC95%:1,47-2,60), associaram-se positivamente à violência psicológica. A prevalência de violência física foi maior nas mulheres solteiras/divorciadas/separadas, naquelas que presenciaram agressão física na infância e com rastreamento positivo para TMC. CONCLUSÃO: entre as demandas específicas do gênero, merece especial atenção a violência contra a mulher, já que é um agravo recorrente, que causa danos irreparáveis à saúde física e psicológica das vítimas, configurando-se em um problema de saúde pública. Ações de promoção da saúde e cultura de paz devem ser trabalhadas desde a infância.(AU)


From a public health perspective, the disproportionate burden of physical and psychiatric illness in the prison system presents a challenge and an opportunity for interdisciplinary action around the world. Objective: to verify the prevalence and factors associated with violence in the previous life of female prisoners of the Campinas Penitentiary for Women ­ SP. Method: this is a cross-sectional study conducted with 1,013 inmates. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: 40.3% of the women suffered psychological violence and 31.2% suffered physical/sexual violence. Non-white skin color (OR=1.40; 95% CI: 1.09 ­ 1.81), tranquilizer use (OR=1.40; 95% CI: 1.04-1.93), physical violence reported before 15-year-olds (OR=1.40; 95% CI: 1.05-1.87) and common mental disorder (OR=1.95; 95% CI: 1.47-2.60) were positively associated to psychological violence. The prevalence of physical violence was higher in single/ divorced/separated women, in those who witnessed physical aggression in childhood and with positive CMD screening. Conclusion: among the gender-specific demands, violence against women deserves special attention, since it is a recurring offense that causes irreparable damage to the physical and psychological health of the victims, thus constituting a public health problem. Actions to promote health and peace culture must be worked on from childhood.(AU)


Desde una perspectiva de salud pública, la carga desproporcionada de enfermedades físicas y psiquiátricas en el sistema penitenciario presenta un reto y una oportunidad para la acción interdisciplinaria en todo el mundo. Objetivo: verificar la prevalencia y los factores asociados con la violencia en el pasado de las presas en CampinasSP. Método: estudio transversal con 1.013 reeducandas. Se realizó un análisis de regresión logística múltiple. Resultados: el 40,3% de las mujeres sufrió violencia psicológica y el 31,2% violencia física / sexual. La tez no blanca (OR = 1,40; IC 95%: 1,09 ­ 1,81), el uso de tranquilizantes (OR = 1,40; IC 95%: 1,04-1,93), la violencia física reportada antes de los 15 años (OR = 1,40; IC 95%: 1,05-1,87) y el trastorno mental común (OR = 1,95; IC 95%: 1,47-2,60) está asociados a la violencia psicológica. La prevalencia de violencia física fue mayor en las mujeres solteras / divorciadas / separadas, en aquéllas que presenciaron agresiones físicas en la infancia y con rastreo positivo de trastornos mentales comunes ( TMC). Conclusión: entre las demandas específicas de género, se debe prestar especial atención a la violencia contra las mujeres, ya que es un delito recurrente que causa daños irreparables a la salud física y psicológica de las víctimas, lo que resulta en un problema de salud pública. Deben trabajarse desde la infancia acciones para promover la salud y la cultura de paz. (AU)


Assuntos
Feminino , Prisões , Prisioneiros , Fatores de Risco , Violência Doméstica , Mulheres Maltratadas , Violência contra a Mulher , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Saúde da Mulher
10.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 31: e214338, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020250

RESUMO

RESUMO Este artigo objetiva apresentar alguns dos efeitos produzidos em vivências, representações, afetos e relações de mulheres em situação de violência doméstica, a partir da participação em um grupo de acompanhamento. Primeiramente, expomos discussões teóricas sobre violência doméstica contra mulheres, trabalhos em grupos e construção de sentidos. O processo de intervenção/participação incluiu pesquisa de campo de natureza qualitativa. As protagonistas foram 19 mulheres que frequentaram, no primeiro semestre de 2017, um grupo de acompanhamento destinado a mulheres em situação de violência doméstica em uma sede do interior da Defensoria Pública do Estado do Paraná. Quanto a pressupostos teórico-metodológicos, pautamo-nos nas contribuições do movimento construcionista social. Por meio dos grupos focais, as mulheres narraram a construção de sentidos novos acerca de variados elementos que compõem suas existências. Nesse processo de mudanças, os trabalhos em grupos figuraram como instrumentais importantes de fortalecimento, resistência e criação de estratégias de enfrentamento à violência doméstica.


RESUMEN Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar algunos de los efectos producidos en vivencias, representaciones, afectos y relaciones de mujeres en situación de violencia doméstica, a partir de su participación en un grupo de seguimiento. En primer lugar, exponemos discusiones teóricas sobre violencia doméstica contra mujeres, trabajos en grupos y construcción de sentidos. El proceso de intervención/participación incluyó investigación de campo de naturaleza cualitativa. Las protagonistas fueron 19 mujeres que frecuentaban, en el primer semestre de 2017, un grupo de seguimiento destinado a mujeres en situación de violencia doméstica en una sede del interior de la Defensoría Pública del Estado de Paraná. En cuanto a presupuestos teórico-metodológicos, nos basamos en las contribuciones del movimiento construccionista social. Por medio de los grupos focales, las mujeres narraron la construcción de nuevos sentidos sobre variados elementos que componen sus existencias. En ese proceso de cambios, los trabajos en grupos figuraron como instrumentos importantes de fortalecimiento, resistencia y creación de estrategias de enfrentamiento a la violencia doméstica.


ABSTRACT This article aimed to present some of the effects produced in experiences, representations, affections and relationships of women in situations of domestic violence, from their participation in a follow-up group. Firstly, we presented theoretical discussions about domestic violence against women, group work and the construction of meanings. The intervention/participation process included qualitative field research. The protagonists were 19 women who attended, in the first half of 2017, a follow-up group for women in situation of domestic violence in a seat inside the Public Defender's Office of the State of Paraná. As for theoretical-methodological assumptions, we were guided by the contributions of the social constructionist movement. Through the focus groups, they have narrated the construction of new meanings for the varied elements that make up their existences. In this process of change, the group work has been instrumental in strengthening, resiliency and the creation of coping strategies for domestic violence.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Violência Doméstica , Mulheres Maltratadas , Adaptação Psicológica
14.
Violence Vict ; 33(4): 585-603, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567763

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to examine the association between women's experience of two types (sexual and physical) of intimate partner violence (IPV) and number of previous abortions among a national sample of 4,586 abortion patients between the ages of 13 and above 38 years in the United States. Using data from the nationally representative Abortion Patients Survey 2008, χ2 tests were conducted to examine the bivariate associations between all independent and dependent variables. Prevalence ratios were calculated to determine the association between IPV, physical and sexual, and number of abortions, controlling for whether the coconceiving partner knew about the pregnancy and the abortion, and demographic factors including age, education, income, poverty rate, race, and type of union. Results indicate that approximately 51% of the sample of women seeking abortion services had never gotten an abortion before. Reports of IPV were low among this sample-5.6% reported physical violence and 2.4% reported sexual violence, while 82.3% of the coconceiving partners knew about the abortion, and 87.1% knew about the pregnancy. Prevalence ratios revealed that physical violence was positively associated with number of abortions (PR = 1.31, p < .001), but sexual violence was negatively associated with number of abortions (PR = 0.74, p < .05) when all control variables were accounted for. Findings suggesting that physical and sexual violence are differentially associated with a history of multiple abortions were unexpected and suggest the need for additional research in this area. Implications for practice, policy, and directions for future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres Maltratadas , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez não Desejada , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Delitos Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Saúde da Mulher , Adulto Jovem
15.
Violence Vict ; 33(4): 604-626, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567764

RESUMO

A growing body of research has highlighted the significant co-occurrence of violence against women and companion animals in abusive households. Collectively, this work has also documented that sizable proportions of women with pets sampled report that they delayed leaving their partner due to fear for their pets' safety. Using data from 86 residents of 16 battered women's shelters in Canada, this study begins to tease apart the relationship between five types of animal maltreatment (emotional abuse, threats to harm, neglect, physical abuse, and severe physical abuse) and women's deliberations to leave violent relationships. The findings indicate that while the specific types of animal maltreatment are significant motivators for leaving an abusive partner, the length of the relationship and the physical abuse experienced by the woman better explain the degree to which concern for the well-being of the pet kept them from leaving their abuser earlier.


Assuntos
Bem-Estar do Animal , Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Animais de Estimação , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Animais , Vínculo Homem-Animal de Estimação , Canadá , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sociológicos , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Violence Vict ; 33(5): 813-829, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567867

RESUMO

There is a shortage of research that examines experiences of partner violence (PV) among high-risk, incarcerated women using a situational perspective. This study uses a "violent event perspective" and data from the Canadian-Based Women's Experiences of Violence study to examine the sequential actions of intimate partners in a violent event. It also identifies the types of violent events based on women's involvement in the incidents of severe PV. A total of 135 incarcerated women reported 295 incidents of severe violence with a partner. Findings suggest that PV experiences of women in this clinical sample are highly heterogeneous but mostly represent extreme forms of both victimization and perpetration. This study also identifies the heterogeneity of the types of PV events by providing insight into novel forms of violent dynamics.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Ontário/epidemiologia , Prisioneiros , Violência , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
17.
Violence Vict ; 33(5): 949-963, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567875

RESUMO

The current study clarifies that physical and mental health damage caused by spousal violence (SV) gravely impacts victims' work status, as well as their ability to find and maintain employment after they leave abusive relationships, based on the analysis of a survey conducted by the Japanese government. Victims suffering from SV-caused impairments tend to be in search of employment, are often unable to engage in a job search, and are less likely to be employed full-time. SV's influence on employment was strongest and most persistent among victims with severe SV-caused health damage. As the post-leaving stages of SV victims are similar worldwide, the results of this study can be extended to other countries to design effective policy measures.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Emprego/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/psicologia , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Renda , Lactente , Japão/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Violence Vict ; 33(6): 1072-1087, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573551

RESUMO

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with poor mental health outcomes among women. Studies on IPV and mental health show that experiencing more than one type of IPV often enhances women's depression or depressive symptoms. However, most of these studies conceptualize IPV as physical, psychological, or sexual violence. Little is known about specific experiences of severe IPV, such as strangulation, that put victims at greater risk of lethality and serious injury and their association with women's depression. This study examined associations between IPV, strangulation, and depression among women using secondary data collected for a randomized clinical trial testing an integrated HIV-IPV prevention intervention for abused women. Women were recruited from healthcare service delivery organizations, Department of Health and Human Services, and family court. Women (n = 175) completed assessments on IPV, strangulation, mental health, social support, and self-esteem. The majority reported strangulation (n = 103) and depressive symptoms (n = 101). Women who experienced strangulation also reported more severe physical (p < .001), sexual (p < .001), and psychological (p < .001) abuse. However, in multivariate logistic regression with sociodemographics, violence variables, and strangulation, none of these variables were associated with a higher risk for depressive symptoms. Social support had a protective effect on depressive symptoms. Findings suggest strangulation is prevalent among abused women seeking services, warranting screening, assessment, and referral in these settings.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto , Crime , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoimagem , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Glob Health Action ; 11(sup3): 1491114, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30270774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women's experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) increase their risk for mental ill health. However, some women exposed to IPV and adversity are psychologically resilient and function well despite these exposures. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a study to investigate the factors that are associated with psychological resilience among abused women, using data collected in a household survey conducted in Gauteng province of South Africa. METHODS: Data is from a cross-sectional study. A multi-stage random sampling approach was used to select a sample of 501 women. The World Health Organization (WHO) Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence Questionnaire was used to measure lifetime experience of physical and sexual IPV. Only 189 women who had experienced lifetime IPV were included in this secondary analysis. Resilience was measured as scoring below the threshold for the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire. Other explanatory factors measured included child sexual abuse, non-partner rape, other traumatic life events, social support indicators, binge drinking and socio-demographic variables. Multivariable regression analysis was used to test factors associated with resilience. RESULTS: Forty two percent of women scored below the threshold for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or depressive symptoms at the time of the survey and so were categorized as resilient. Social support indicators were associated with increased resilience. Women who perceived that their communities were supportive and they would easily find money in an emergency were more likely to be resilient. Women who binge drank, experienced severe IPV in the past 12 months, received negative reactions to disclosure and utilized medical or psychosocial services were less likely to be resilient. CONCLUSION: Social support indicators including social connectedness, stronger network ties and perceived supportive communities are key factors in fostering resilience among abused women. Interventions should aim to promote stronger and supportive social networks and increase women's utilization of formal support services.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Resiliência Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Trauma Psicológico/epidemiologia , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Apoio Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Saúde da Mulher , Adulto Jovem
20.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 10(4): 986-990, out.-dez. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-916057

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar o perfil reprodutivo e ginecológico de mulheres em situação de violência. Métodos: Estudo epidemiológico do tipo descritivo. A população foi constituída por mulheres vítimas de violência, com idade maior ou igual a 18 anos, atendidas em um centro de apoio multidisciplinar. Resultados: Das 42 participantes, cerca de 88,0% já engravidaram. A história de corrimento vaginal foi relatada por 53,4%, a realização do teste de HIV na vida foi feita por 71,4%, e a maioria (88,1%) não usa camisinha nas relações sexuais. Pouco mais da metade (52,4%) revelou que o parceiro já evitou que elas usassem algum método contraceptivo, e, em relação ao exame do Papanicolaou, 95,2% das mulheres relataram já ter realizado. Conclusão: Observa-se um perfil de vulnerabilidade no que tange à não realização de pré-natal e não uso de camisinha nas relações sexuais


Objective: To identify the reproductive and gynecological profile of women in situations of violence. Methods: Descriptive epidemiological study. The population was constituted by women victims of violence, aged 18 or over, attended at a multidisciplinary support center. Results: Of the 42 participants, about 88,0% became pregnant. The history of vaginal discharge was reported by 53.4%, the HIV test in life was performed by 71,4%, and the majority (88,1%) did not use the condom in sexual intercourse. A little more than half (52,4%) reported that the partner had already prevented them from using any contraceptive method, and in relation to the Pap smear, 95,2% of the women reported having already performed. Conclusion: In this group of women in situations of violence, a profile of vulnerability is observed, regarding the failure to perform prenatal care and the non-use of condoms in sexual relationships


Objetivo: Identificar el perfil reproductivo y ginecológico de las mujeres en situaciones de violencia. Método: Estudio epidemiológico descriptivo. La población estuvo constituida por mujeres víctimas de la violencia, edad mayor o igual a 18, tratado en un centro de apoyo multidisciplinario. Resultados: De los 42 participantes, alrededor de 88,0% ya está embarazada. La historia de la secreción vaginal fue informada por el 53,4%, el logro de la prueba del VIH en la vida era de 71,4%, y la mayoría (88,1%) no utilizaron un condón durante las relaciones sexuales. Más de la mitad (52,4%) reveló que la pareja ha impedido que iban a utilizar un método anticonceptivo y en relación con el examen de Papanicolaou, el 95,2% de las mujeres informaron de que habían hecho. Conclusión: Observó un perfil de vulnerabilidad, con respecto a la no realización de la atención prenatal y el no uso de preservativos durante las relaciones sexuales


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Violência Doméstica , Violência contra a Mulher , Saúde da Mulher , Mulheres Maltratadas , Brasil , Maus-Tratos Conjugais
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