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1.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0276230, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350817

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of work interference with family (WIF) on depressive symptoms among married working women. METHODS: Data from 2014‒2018 of the Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Families were used. Only married women living with their husbands and wage workers were included, whereas those diagnosed with depression at the baseline year and those with missing values were excluded. A total of 1,504 individuals were included as the study population. The impact of WIF on depressive symptoms was analyzed using the generalized estimating equation model with a logit link. RESULTS: After adjusting for all the potential confounding variables, it was found that WIF had an effect on depressive symptoms. Women whose work interfered with their family were 1.58 times more likely to experience depressive symptoms than those who did not experience WIF (95% Confidence interval (CI): 1.30‒1.92). WIF due to irregular working hours had the highest odds ratio for depression (Adjusted odds ratio (OR): 2.01, 95% CI: 1.32‒3.08). Women with WIF were more likely to develop depressive symptoms when they had two or more children (With 2 children, Adjusted OR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.31‒2.18; With 3 or more children, Adjusted OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.07-2.49). CONCLUSIONS: Thus, married working women who experienced WIF were found to be at a higher risk of developing depressive symptoms. Therefore, considering how prevailing stereotypes that roles of men and women are separated can harm women's mental health, policy measures should be implemented to ensure women's quality of life based on the work-family balance.


Assuntos
Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Masculino , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Casamento , Estudos Longitudinais
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429795

RESUMO

Digital health interventions that specifically target working women across the preconception, pregnancy and postpartum (PPP) life stages may address the unique barriers to engaging in healthy lifestyle behaviours and self-care during this life phase. This paper describes the development of a workplace digital health intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and wellbeing for PPP women working at a community service organization in Australia. Intervention Mapping is a framework that guides program development, implementation, and evaluation. Steps 1 to 5 of Intervention Mapping methodology (needs assessment through to program implementation) were used, including identification of determinants and change objectives across socioecological levels (i.e., individual, interpersonal, and organisational) and iterative co-design and stakeholder engagement processes. The workplace digital health intervention was successfully developed and implemented as an online portal. Content included key strategies, information, and supports to promote health and wellbeing across PPP, including supporting the return to work in the postpartum period. Examples of resource pages included a parental leave checklist, process flows, Pride resources, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander resources. Findings from a pilot feasibility study indicate the portal was accessible and beneficial for women in PPP life stages. The Intervention Mapping protocol may offer a valuable roadmap for collaborative design of interventions targeting PPP women's behaviour and organisational work culture. Future work is needed to evaluate whether such interventions lead to improvements in women's health and wellbeing.


Assuntos
Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Local de Trabalho , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Promoção da Saúde , Período Pós-Parto , Planejamento em Saúde
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141836

RESUMO

This study aims to examine how work-to-life negative spillover is associated with depressive symptoms among working women and to explore moderating effect of social activities satisfaction on the relationship between work-to-life spillover and depression. This was a secondary data analysis from a sample of 2869 employed women from the 7th Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Families. The results showed that work-to-life negative spillover was positively associated with depressive symptoms. Additionally, there was a significant moderating effect of social activities satisfaction on the relationship between work-to-life negative spillover and depressive symptoms (ß = 0.176, p < 0.05). It was found that the low social activity group showed fewer depressive symptoms induced by the negative work-to-life spillover than the high social activity group. Based on the results of our study, effective strategies and policies for work-family compatibility and interventions aimed at reducing the work induced stress and depressive symptoms are recommended.


Assuntos
Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Satisfação Pessoal , Comportamento Social
5.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079721

RESUMO

Return to work negatively affects the initiation and duration of breastfeeding. Our study's objective was to assess the percentage of departments in Auvergne with an appropriate space for pumping milk at work. Our cross-sectional survey investigated the arrangements for facilitating the continuation of breastfeeding on return to work at all departments at the Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital Center and perinatal (obstetric and pediatric) departments in this region. Our principal endpoint was the percentage of departments reporting that they had a lactation room-a room where nursing mothers can express milk-and whether it met the criteria defined by the French Labor Code. Among 98 respondents, 44 departments (44.9%) did not offer lactation rooms; of the remaining 54 departments, only 11 rooms met the legal requirements. All perinatal departments offered lactation rooms. The availability of a lactation room was associated with other breastfeeding support, such as a break period for expressing milk (p < 0.0001) and the availability of a refrigerator to store it (p = 0.01). Almost half the responding departments did not offer a lactation room where mothers could breastfeed or pump their milk. Measures must be envisioned to facilitate the pumping of breast milk by French women returning to work.


Assuntos
Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Local de Trabalho , Aleitamento Materno , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Lactação , Mães , Gravidez , Apoio Social
6.
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 22(87): 595-614, sept. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-211091

RESUMO

La situación laboral de la mujer en España ha sufrido una gran evolución y a pesar de que hay estudios que indican las diferencias en las trayectorias laborares en función del género, apenas analizan el sector del Fitness. Nuestro objetivo es describir la situación laboral de la mujer en este ámbito y sus condiciones conociendo su percepción acerca de posibles desigualdades a raíz del género. Para ello se ha empleado una metodología cuantitativa de corte descriptivo, realizándose un estudio transversal basado en la aplicación de un cuestionario autoadministrado de diseño propio. Las 33 mujeres de Huesca (España) que participaron en el estudio muestran un sector joven y con formación universitaria, pero perciben mayores dificultades para ser contratadas, para promocionar, y para conciliar, que los hombres. (AU)


The situation of women in the labour market in Spain has undergone a great evolution, and although there are some studies on the differences in professional careers depending on gender, fitness has been scarcely analysed. Our objective is to describe the situation of women in the labour market in this field and their conditions by understanding their perception about possible gender inequality. To this end, a descriptive quantitative methodology has been used, carrying out a cross-sectional study based on the application of a self-administered questionnaire of own elaboration. The 33 women from Huesca (Spain) who participated in the study represent a young and university-educated sector, but nevertheless, they seem to encounter greater difficulties to be hired, to get promoted, and to achieve work-life balance than men. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Poder Familiar , Esportes , Estudos Transversais , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Inquéritos e Questionários , Iniquidade de Gênero
7.
Res Nurs Health ; 45(5): 559-568, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093873

RESUMO

The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) affected many aspects of randomized controlled trials, including recruiting and screening participants. The purpose of this paper is to (a) describe adjustments to recruitment and screening due to COVID-19, (b) compare the proportional recruitment outcomes (not completed, ineligible, and eligible) at three screening stages (telephone, health assessment, and physical activity assessment) pre- and post-COVID-19 onset, and (c) compare baseline demographic characteristics pre- and post-COVID-19 onset in the Working Women Walking program. The design is a cross-sectional descriptive analysis of recruitment and screening data from a 52-week sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART). Participants were women 18-70 years employed at a large urban medical center. Recruitment strategies shifted from in-person and electronic to electronic only post-COVID-19 onset. In-person eligibility screening for health and physical activity assessments continued post-COVID-19 onset with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention precautions. Of those who expressed interest in the study pre- and post-COVID-19 onset (n = 485 & n = 269 respectively), 40% (n = 194) met all eligibility criteria pre-COVID-19 onset, and 45.7% (n = 123) post-COVID-19 onset. Although there were differences in the proportions of participants who completed or were eligible for some of the screening stages, the final eligibility rates did not differ significantly pre-COVID-19 versus post-COVID-19 onset. Examination of differences in participant demographics between pre- and post-COVID-19 onset revealed a significant decrease in the percentage of Black women recruited into the study from pre- to post-COVID-19 onset. Studies recruiting participants into physical activity studies should explore the impact of historical factors on recruitment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores de Tempo , Caminhada
11.
J Surg Res ; 280: 248-257, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36027658

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite an increasing number of women pursuing careers in science, engineering, and medicine, gender disparities in patents persist. This study sought to analyze trends in inventor's gender for surgical device patents filed and granted in Canada and the United States from 2015 to 2019. METHODS: This study analyzed patents filed and granted by the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) in the category of "Diagnosis; Surgery; Identification" and the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in the category of "Surgery" from 2015 to 2019. The gender of the patent applicants was determined using a gender algorithm that predicts gender based on first names. Gender matches with names having a probability of less than 95% were excluded. RESULTS: We identified 14,312 inventors on patents filed and 12,737 inventors on patents granted by the CIPO for "Diagnosis; Surgery; Identification". In the USPTO category of "Surgery," we identified 75,890 inventors on patents filed and 44,842 inventors on patents granted. Female inventors accounted for 7%-10% of inventors from 2015 to 2019 for both patents filed and granted. The proportion of female inventors on patents granted was significantly lower than for patents filed for four of the 5 y analyzed for both the USPTO and CIPO. CONCLUSIONS: Female representation in surgical device patenting has stagnated, between 7 and 10%, from 2015 to 2019 in Canada and the United States. This underrepresentation of female inventors in surgical device patenting represents sizable gender disparity.


Assuntos
Equipamentos Cirúrgicos , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Feminino , Humanos , Canadá , Estados Unidos
12.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(32): e2123105119, 2022 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914160

RESUMO

As the workforce shifts to being predominantly hybrid and remote, how can companies help employees-particularly early-career women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields-develop greater confidence in their soft skills, shown to improve organizational retention? We evaluate the effects of an online longitudinal intervention to develop soft skills among early-career women employees at a North American biotechnology company during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. Controlling for baseline levels collected immediately prior to nationwide lockdowns, we find that a 6-month online intervention increased early-career women's assessments of their soft skills at work by an average of 9% (P < 0.001), compared with a decrease of about 3.5% for a matched control group (P < 0.05), resulting in an average treatment effect of nearly 13% on the treated group. Furthermore, we find evidence that the intervention led to an increase in manager-assessed performance for early-career women relative to employees not in the intervention, and that overall, increased self-assessments of soft skill competencies were associated with greater odds of retention. Results show how employee soft skill development was affected by the pandemic and provide insights for a feasible and cost-effective method to train and engage a hybrid or fully remote workforce.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Competência Profissional , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Engenharia , Feminino , Humanos , Matemática , Ocupações , Pandemias , Ciência , Tecnologia
13.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 657, 2022 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35996086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many women work in positions of non-standard employment, with limited legal and social protection. Access to comprehensive maternity protection for all working women could ensure that all women and children can access health and social protection. This study aimed to describe the maternity protection benefits available to women in positions of non-standard employment in South Africa, using domestic workers as a case study. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study design was used. National policy documents containing provisions on maternity protection were identified and analysed. Interviews were conducted with purposively selected key informants. Data extracted from published policy documents and information obtained from interviews were triangulated. A thematic analysis approach was used for evaluation of policy content and analysis of the interviews. RESULTS: Twenty-nine policy and legislative documents were identified that contain provisions on maternity protection relevant to non-standard workers. These documents together with three key informant interviews and two media releases are used to describe availability and accessibility of maternity protection benefits for non-standard workers in South Africa, using domestic workers as a case study. Maternity protection is available in South Africa for some non-standard workers. However, the components of maternity protection are dispersed through many policy documents and there is weak alignment within government on maternity protection. Implementation, monitoring, and enforcement of existing maternity protection policy is inadequate. It is difficult for non-standard workers to access maternity protection benefits, particularly cash payments. Some non-standard workers have unique challenges in accessing maternity protection, for example domestic workers whose place of work is a private household and therefore difficult to monitor. CONCLUSION: The heterogeneity of non-standard employment makes it challenging for many women to access maternity protection. There are policy amendments that could be made and improvements to policy implementation that would enhance non-standard workers' access to maternity protection. Potential long-term benefits to women and children's health and development could come from making comprehensive maternity protection available and accessible to all women.


Assuntos
Emprego , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Criança , Saúde da Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , África do Sul
14.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 56(3): 243-248, Jul - Sep 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-204915

RESUMO

Describir el uso de la simulación clínica como terapia de rehabilitación de la mano de una paciente anestesióloga que sufrió atrapamiento del pulgar derecho con la mesa quirúrgica y se le realizó un autoinjerto parcial del dedo del pie a la mano.En la semana 14 tras la cirugía se introdujo la terapia de simulación con tareas anestésicas simuladas y escenarios clínicos en lugar de la rehabilitación habitual. Las variables cuantificadas, tanto físicas, como funcionales y psicológicas, indicaron una mejoría durante y después de la intervención con simulación, que se mantuvo un mes después de la vuelta al trabajo.El uso de la simulación clínica en la rehabilitación en una paciente anestesióloga después de una lesión en la mano contribuyó a mejorar la amplitud de movimiento, la fuerza, la sensibilidad y las pruebas funcionales, y jugó un papel determinante en la reincorporación laboral para asumir las demandas de la práctica de la anestesia.(AU)


We described the use of clinical simulation for hand therapy in an anesthesiologist that accidentally suffered from entrapment with the surgical table in the right thumb and underwent a partial toe-to-hand autograft.At week 14 after surgery, the patient practiced anesthetic tasks and clinical scenarios using a patient simulator instead undergoing a regular occupational therapy regimen. Quantifiable physical, functional and psychological measures improved during and after the simulation intervention, and there was no decline one month after the patient returned to work.The use of clinical simulation as part of the rehabilitation process of an anesthesiologist after hand injury contributed to improving the range of motion, strength, sensibility, and functional tests. Overall, it played an important role in determining the worker's potential to withstand the demands of anesthesia practice.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Traumatismos da Mão/reabilitação , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Traumatismos da Mão/terapia , Anestesiologistas , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Simulação de Paciente , Riscos Ocupacionais , Traumatismos Ocupacionais , Reabilitação , Medicina Física e Reabilitação , Manejo da Dor
16.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(1): 1-14, jun. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1371164

RESUMO

As mulheres rurais possuem meios de vida e estrutura familiar própria do contexto no qual se encontram inseridas, o que frequentemente favorece sua vulnerabilização. Este estudo objetivou caracterizar o perfil sociodemográfico, laboral e epidemiológico de mulheres rurais. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo com abordagem quantitativa. Os dados foram coletados entre os meses de julho a novembro de 2020 em área rural do município de Nazarezinho, Paraíba, Brasil, junto a 87 mulheres rurais acompanhadas por uma unidade de estratégia de saúde da família. A análise se deu por estatística descritiva. Verificou-se predominância de mulheres rurais com poucos anos de estudo formal, com média de idade economicamente ativa, com laços conjugais e filhos, de renda mensal de até um salário mínimo, e que desempenhavam papeis consideráveis no trabalho rural, sobretudo nas atividades de plantio e colheita. Quase metade delas declarou possuir doença crônica, sendo a hipertensão arterial sistêmica a mais apontada. Conclui-se o perfi l de mulheres rurais indica vulnerabilidades sociais que devem ser combatidas a partir da implementação de políticas públicas com vistas à promoção da sua saúde, melhoria da qualidade de vida e garantia de direitos fundamentais.


Las mujeres rurales tienen medios de vida y estructura familiar relacionados con el contexto en el que se insertan, lo que muchas veces favorece su vulnerabilidad. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo caracterizar el perfil sociodemográfico, laboral y epidemiológico de las mujeres rurales. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con enfoque cuantitativo. Los datos fueron recolectados entre julio y noviembre de 2020 en una zona rural del municipio de Nazarezinho, Paraíba, Brasil. Participaron 87 mujeres rurales acompañadas de una unidad de estrategia de salud de la familia. El análisis se realizó mediante estadística descriptiva. Predominaron las mujeres rurales con pocos años de educación formal, con edad promedio económicamente activa, con vínculo matrimonial e hijos, con ingresos mensuales de hasta un salario mínimo, y que desempeñaban roles importantes en el trabajo rural, especialmente en actividades de siembra y cosecha. Casi la mitad de ellos declaró tener una enfermedad crónica, siendo la hipertensión arterial sistémica la más mencionada. Se concluye el perfil de la mujer rural indica vulnerabilidades sociales que deben ser atendidas mediante la implementación de políticas públicas con miras a promover su salud, mejorar su calidad de vida y garantizar los derechos fundamentales.


Rural women have livelihoods and family structure related to the context in which they are inserted, which often favors their vulnerability. This study aimed to characterize the sociodemographic, labor and epidemiological profile of rural women. This is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach. Data were collected between July and November 2020 in a rural area in the municipality of Nazarezinho, Paraíba, Brazil. Participants were 87 rural women accompanied by a Family Health Strategy unit. The analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics. There was a predominance of rural women with few years of formal education, with an average age of economically active, with marital ties and children, with a monthly income of up to one minimum wage, and who played considerable roles in rural work, especially in planting activities and harvest. Almost half of them declared having a chronic disease, with systemic arterial hypertension being the most mentioned. It is concluded the profile of rural women indicates social vulnerabilities that must be tackled through the implementation of public policies with a view to promoting their health, improving their quality of life and guaranteeing fundamental rights.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , População Rural , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Trabalhadores Rurais , Fatores Sociodemográficos , Perfil de Saúde , Brasil/epidemiologia , Saúde da População Rural , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
17.
Asclepio ; 74(1): 1-14, jun. 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-203278

RESUMO

This article is about the healthcare services provided by the Sisters of Charity (Filles de la Charité) during cholera epidemics in institutions opened and managed in nineteenth century Istanbul as part of their Eastern missions. The annuals in which reports and letters were collected and addressed to the center of the congregation in Paris, Annales de la Congrégation de la Mission et des Filles de la Charité (ACM), are used as primary sources. This study aims to evaluate the pandemies of cholera within the framework of world history and Ottoman context by contributing to the existing historical geographies of cholera, in addition to the literature, which accentuates the importance of agency of women in the Ottoman context, based on original findings. The article assesses how cholera affected Istanbul and how the disease was dealth with, through the connections between the sisters and local actors. The study also shows that the Ottoman example was not only a result of Western experiences, but although it was part of a wide history of pandemics, its actors had their own unique developments shaped by imperial and local settings and events.


Este artículo trata sobre los servicios de salud brindados por las Hermanas de la Caridad (Filles de la Charité) durante las epidemias de cólera en instituciones abiertas y administradas en el siglo XIX en Estambul como parte de sus misiones orientales. Los anuarios en los que se recopilaron informes y cartas y se dirigieron al centro de la congregación en París, Annales de la Congrégation de la Mission et des Filles de la Charité (ACM), se utilizan como fuentes primarias. Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar las pandemias de cólera en el marco de la historia mundial y el contexto otomano haciendo una contribución a las geografías históricas existentes del cólera, además de la literatura que acentúa la importancia de la agencia de las mujeres en el contexto otomano, con base en hallazgos originales. El artículo evalúa cómo afectó el cólera a Estambul y cómo se enfrentó la enfermedad, a través de las conexiones entre las hermanas y los actores locales. El estudio también muestra que el ejemplo otomano no fue solo el resultado de las experiencias occidentales, sino que, aunque fue parte de una amplia historia de pandemias, sus actores tuvieron sus propios desarrollos únicos moldeados por escenarios y eventos imperiales y locales.


Assuntos
História do Século XIX , Ciências da Saúde , Freiras/história , Cólera/história , Guerra , Mulheres Trabalhadoras
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682109

RESUMO

According to scientific research, emergency call-takers and dispatchers (ECD) are particularly vulnerable to burnout syndrome. It can be observed that this occupation is predominantly performed by women. Moreover, the studies on occupational burnout indicate its different causes depending on employees' gender. The aim of this research was to apply a Person-Oriented approach in order to examine the relationships between particular risk factors, the level of burnout, and its health consequences in a group of women. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted on 296 women (call-takers and dispatchers) from public-safety answering points in Poland. The Link Burnout Questionnaire and a sociodemographic questionnaire were used to gather information. The method of latent profile analysis (LPA) was employed in the study. The study revealed burnout patterns without full symptoms as well as four different burnout profiles. The findings partially confirmed initial assumptions about correlations between the length of service as ECD, marital status, motherhood, burnout symptoms, and body mass index (BMI). Sociodemographic variables differentiated the examined women in terms of their emotional exhaustion and BMI. Three groups of women at risk of burnout and overweight were identified: those with the shortest job experience, those with the longest job experience, and an intermediate group. In each of these groups, symptoms indicating a possible risk of burnout-related health issues could be observed. The application of a Person-Oriented approach allowed for assessing possible correlations between burnout risk factors, its symptoms, and health consequences.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Ocupações , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Clin Radiol ; 77(9): 717-718, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732570
20.
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; 20220608. 176 p.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378842

RESUMO

A pandemia de COVID-19 produziu mudanças relevantes na vida cotidiana ao redor do mundo e, dentre essas mudanças, a visibilidade do trabalho em saúde e da ação das mulheres no enfrentamento à pandemia, nos serviços e sistemas de saúde e também, no cotidiano da vida das famílias e grupos. Desde que foi comemorado pela primeira vez, retomando a greve nas fábricas de Chicago (EUA) do dia 1º de maio de 1886, o foco das comemorações do Dia Internacional do Trabalhador é o trabalho que produz bens de consumo. Nos anos de 2020 e 2021, os aplausos foram para o trabalho em saúde e sua relevância no enfrentamento à pandemia. De forma similar, o Dia Internacional das Mulheres, que vem gerando manifestações desde a jornada pela igualdade de direitos civis e em favor do voto feminino, em 1909 em Nova York. Nos anos do enfrentamento à pandemia a visibilidade foi em relação à saúde das mulheres, sobretudo no trabalho formal e informal. Inicialmente, a data era itinerante, contudo, o dia 08 de março foi instituído formalmente pelas Nações Unidas desde 1975. A participação das mulheres no trabalho em saúde é uma das ênfases da campanha da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) para o ano de 2021, declarado o "Ano Internacional dos Trabalhadores da Saúde e Assistência". Como homenagem e reconhecimento à relevância dos trabalhadores e trabalhadoras de saúde, a OMS lançou a campanha "Proteja, Invista, Juntos". O slogan da campanha lembra que 70% da força de trabalho em saúde e assistência é formada por mulheres e que é necessário investir na igualdade de gênero nas iniciativas de desenvolvimento dos sistemas e serviços de saúde. Entre as iniciativas da campanha no Brasil, foi proposto o Livro Azul, como conceito articulador das estratégias de disseminação de conhecimentos e informações relativas à contribuição da Agenda Brasil para o Ano Internacional dos Trabalhadores da Saúde e Assistência e para compartilhar diferentes abordagens ao tema. Para essa edição do Livro Azul, produzida com a liderança da OPAS Brasil e, em particular, da Unidade Técnica de Capacidades Humanas para a Saúde, mobilizamos a produção de alguns textos de referência, que permitem compreender e tornar visível as diferentes faces da interface das mulheres na saúde, sobretudo em tempos de pandemia. Mobilizamos pesquisadoras e pesquisadores em grupos interinstitucionais em diferentes lugares do país para, com base na produção de pesquisas, elencar questões que permitam contribuir com a agenda de reflexões e iniciativas do Ano Internacional e, em especial, das interfaces das mulheres com a saúde. O resultado superou enormemente a expectativa inicial e o compartilhamos com todas as pessoas que acessarem a produção, numa iniciativa de cooperação com a Editora Rede Unida.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Saúde Pública , Educação em Saúde , Capacitação de Recursos Humanos em Saúde , Política de Saúde , Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde , Nações Unidas , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Serviços de Saúde da Mulher , Saúde da Mulher , Estratégias de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Equidade de Gênero
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