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4.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 25(s1): 50-59, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077144

RESUMO

The KSA 2030 vision makes special reference to women's empowerment as an important strategy for Saudi community transformation. Studies related to women's empowerment, especially in the Saudi context, are still not enough and unclear. The current study explored the predictors of women empowerment knowledge and attitudes among Saudi academic and administrative staff. A cross-sectional study was conducted at 15 Saudi government-owned universities. A multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select 5587 participants during the period April to September 2020. The study instrument consisting of three main parts; basic demographic data, questionnaire assessed the knowledge regarding women's empowerment, and women empowerment attitude scale. The results showed good knowledge of empowerment among the women with 75.5% of the participants demonstrating good knowledge. The total women empowerment attitude was positive among 65.9% of the participants. The association between demographic data and women empowerment knowledge and attitude showed a significant association with marital status, residence, education, and occupation (p <0.05). Linear regression on marital status, education, residence, and occupation, are confirmed as significant predictors of women empowerment knowledge and attitude (p <0.05). Mother's education level is shown as a predictor for women empowerment attitude (p>0.005). Three-quarters of Saudi academic and administrative staff have a good women empowerment knowledge score, and more than two-thirds have a positive attitude. Demographic characteristics are important predictors for women empowerment knowledge and attitude. The results of this study will help decision-makers to design and implement goal-directed women empowerment programs.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia , Empoderamento , Docentes/psicologia , Poder Psicológico , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Conhecimento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autonomia Pessoal , Arábia Saudita , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
5.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 25(s1): 60-68, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077145

RESUMO

Women in Saudi Arabia constitute nearly 50% of the population, but their participation in economic and social activities are far below the kingdom's potential. According to the 2030 vision, women empowerment is an essential requirement for community transformation and development. The study aims to explore women empowerment among academic and administrative staff in Saudi Universities. A cross-sectional research design was conducted at 15 Saudi governmental universities. A multistage cluster sampling technique was followed to select 5587 participants. The data collection starts from April to September 2020. The current study results illustrate statistically significant differences between academic and administrative staff in the total women empowerment score and all of its dimensions (p <0.05). The majority of academic staff (84.4%) have high personal empowerment compared to 73.7% of the administrative staff. The study concluded that women empowerment is higher among academics compared to administrative staff in Saudi Universities.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia , Empoderamento , Docentes/psicologia , Poder Psicológico , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autonomia Pessoal , Arábia Saudita , Autoimagem , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
6.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0253646, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166439

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Since December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly across the world. During the pandemic, physicians in our hospital have had to respond both to the issue of treating the patients and the increasing domestic burden associated with social disruption. The purpose of this study was to assess how much the burden on our doctors, especially female doctors, was increasing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Physicians' Career Support Committee in Sapporo Medical University conducted a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire inquired about a wide range of subjects with regard to working style and family life during the first and second waves of the COVID-19 pandemic, and was sent to all medical/dental physicians working in Sapporo Medical University. RESULTS: A total of 266 (42.7%) physicians in our hospital responded to our questionnaire and the data for 264 data were analyzed. The total numbers of males, females, and others, including those who did not want to specify, were 178 (67.4%), 82 (31.0%), and 4 (1.5%), respectively. Among them, 62 (23.5%) and 23 (8.7%) answered that their domestic burden was slightly or markedly increased. The increase in the domestic burden showed a significant difference between genders (p = 0.04). Even after correction for background differences using multivariate analysis, being female (p<0.001), having child dependents (p<0.001), and treating COVID-19 patients (p = 0.03) were significantly related to an increased domestic burden. Regarding family style, 58.1% of the physician-fathers were from two-income families (i.e., families with both parents in employment), and they answered that their partner mainly cared for the children. In contrast, 97.3% of physician-mothers were from two-income families, and 94.6% of the physician-mothers had to take care of children by themselves. CONCLUSION: Physician-mothers are caught in a dilemma between an increased home burden and clinical duties in the hospital, with a significantly higher ratio than physician-fathers during the pandemic. As we showed, female doctors could have not continued their careers and take responsible positions in the same way as male doctors. This is a social risk in the timing of a crisis, such as a pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mães , Pandemias , Médicas , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
BMC Womens Health ; 21(1): 213, 2021 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The fertility rate in South Korea has been decreasing dramatically, as working women postpone or avoid childbirth due to the challenges of maintaining a career while raising a family. Working mothers with infants or toddlers have unique maternal adaptation needs, which must be understood in order to support their needs during childbearing years. Supporting successful maternal adaptation of working mothers is not only essential for each individual new working mother, but also benefits her family, her workplace, and the country. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to describe the current state of the science on maternal adaptation of working mothers with infants or toddlers in South Korea. Eligible studies, published between 2009 and 2018, were identified by searching electronic databases. Quantitative studies related to the maternal adaptation of Korean working mothers who had a child younger than age 3 years were included. 37 articles met the inclusion criteria for narrative analysis and synthesis. RESULTS: Studies were classified into 4 major groups by maternal adaptation categories as psychological, behavioral, relational, and cognitive adaptation. The majority of studies were focused on working mothers' psychological adaptation (n = 36, 97.3%), followed by behavioral (n = 10, 27.0%), relational (n = 9, 24.3%), and cognitive (n = 3, 8.1%) adaptation. We found that maternal adaptation of working mothers was ultimately influenced by diverse variables within their communities, spousal and familial support, personal attributes, and job-related characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate the importance of understanding variable aspects of maternal adaptation of working mothers with infants or toddlers. The complexity of working mothers' needs at the individual, family, and community levels must be considered in order to develop effective intervention programs and public policy for supporting maternal adaptation in Korea.


Assuntos
Mães , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Adaptação Psicológica , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , República da Coreia , Local de Trabalho
9.
Acad Med ; 96(6): 808-812, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031302

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a worldwide pandemic, with frontlines that look drastically different than in past conflicts: that is, women now make up a sizeable majority of the health care workforce. American women have a long history of helping in times of hardship, filling positions on the home front vacated by men who enlisted as soldiers during World War I and similarly serving in crucial roles on U.S. military bases, on farms, and in factories during World War II. The COVID-19 pandemic has represented a novel battleground, as the first in which women have taken center stage, not only in their roles as physicians, respiratory therapists, nurses, and the like, but also by serving in leadership positions and facilitating innovations in science, technology, and policy. Yet, the pandemic has exacerbated multiple pain points that have disproportionally impacted women in health care, including shortages in correctly sized personal protective equipment and uniforms, inadequate support for pregnant and breastfeeding providers, and challenges associated with work-life balance and obtaining childcare. While the pandemic has facilitated several positive advancements in addressing these challenges, there is still much work to be done for women to achieve equity and optimal support in their roles on the frontlines.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Mão de Obra em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/história , Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Empoderamento , Feminino , Equidade de Gênero , Pessoal de Saúde/tendências , História do Século XX , Humanos , Liderança , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribuição , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , I Guerra Mundial , II Guerra Mundial
10.
Int J Equity Health ; 20(1): 110, 2021 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding can be affected by maternal employment. This is important considering that in 2019, 47.1% of women globally participated in the labor force. The aim of this study was to review workplace interventions to promote, protect and support breastfeeding practices among working mothers globally. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following the guidance of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Observational, experimental and qualitative peer-reviewed studies in English and Spanish, published between 2008 and 2019 were included. The review focused on working women who were pregnant, breastfeeding or who recently had a child, and women's working environments. The outcomes of interest included breastfeeding intentions, initiation, exclusivity and duration, confidence in breastfeeding or breastmilk extraction, and perceived support at workplace. Quality was assessed according to National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) checklist for systematic reviews. It was registered on PROSPERO (#140624). RESULTS: Data was extracted from 28 quantitative and 9 qualitative studies. The most common interventions were designated spaces for breastfeeding or breastmilk extraction (n = 24), and the support from co-workers (n = 20). The least common interventions were providing breast pumps (n = 4) and giving mothers the flexibility to work from home (n = 3). Studies explored how interventions affected different breastfeeding outcomes including breastfeeding duration, breastfeeding exclusivity, confidence in breastmilk expression, and breastfeeding support. The evidence suggests that workplace interventions help increase the duration of breastfeeding and prevent early introduction of breastmilk substitutes. Having a lactation space, breastmilk extraction breaks, and organizational policies are key strategies. However, to achieve equitable working conditions for breastfeeding mothers, organizational and interpersonal changes need to occur as well. CONCLUSIONS: The systematic review revealed that interventions at the workplace are important in protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding among working mothers. To achieve equitable work environments and fair nutritional opportunities for infants of working mothers, interventions should focus at the three ecological layers - individual, interpersonal, and organizational. The quality of studies can be improved. There is a need for studies assessing impacts of workplace interventions on infant feeding practices, mothers' self-esteem and outcomes such productivity and abstentionism.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães/psicologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Local de Trabalho , Adolescente , Adulto , Canadá , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Rev Infirm ; 70(269): 31-32, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742590

RESUMO

As an individual choice of the mother to feed her newborn and to weave a special bond with him, breastfeeding, whose benefits are multiple, is strongly encouraged by paediatricians and midwives. The return to work at the end of maternity leave is often an obstacle to the continuation of this method of infant feeding. However, adjustments are possible, even for salaried carers who, as one young woman acting as a health executive testifies, wish to combine professional practice with continued breastfeeding in order to remain in line with their choices.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Comportamento de Escolha , Mães , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mães/psicologia , Retorno ao Trabalho , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia
12.
Health Care Women Int ; 42(3): 323-334, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646927

RESUMO

Women, who are "supposed" to do all their official and household work are now required to do all of it simultaneously because of lockdown amid covid-19. I did this study to analyze the perceived stress and depressive tendencies among the non-clinical population of employed women residing in Delhi-NCR and whether work from-for home is acting as a mediator between the two. Further, marital status and family status were also taken into consideration. A sample of two-hundred-three responses depicted that there is a significant and positive correlation between perceived stress and depressive tendencies. Further, working from-for home significantly acts as a mediator between the two variables. Moreover, there is no significant interaction between family status and working from-for home on depressive tendencies. However, there is a significant interaction between marital status and working from-for home on depressive tendencies. The implications, limitations, and future suggestions are discussed in the end.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Depressão/epidemiologia , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Estado Civil , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Sports Sci Med ; 20(1): 77-85, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33707990

RESUMO

Working women in Shanghai are a high-risk group of suffering work stress and burnout. Women have been found to be affected by work-family conflicts, which results in lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL), higher job stress, and burnout. This study evaluated the potential physical activity and counselling intervention effects on health outcomes of working women in Shanghai. Participants were randomly recruited from eight communities of Shanghai using the stratified cluster sampling method. A total of 121 female workers took part in this study, who were randomly divided into three groups: a control group and two intervention groups (individual-based and group-based intervention). The first intervention involved a moderate physical activity program and an individual based counselling intervention, while the second included the same physical activity program, but with a group counselling approach. Both interventions lasted 12 weeks. Subjective perceptions of work stress, burnout, and HRQoL were measured before and after the intervention. In the control group, the HRQoL value decreased after the intervention, with the mean value falling from 91.59 to 87.10, while there was no significant difference found between participants for stress (p = 0.752) and burnout (p = 0.622) before and after the intervention. After the intervention, the value of stress and burnout decreased, and the value of HRQoL increased in the two intervention groups. At the intervention's completion, there were significant differences compared between the two intervention groups and the control group separately regarding changes in burnout and HRQoL (all p = 0.000). For stress, the group-based intervention group exhibited a significant difference compared to the control group (p = 0.000), while the individual-based intervention group did not (p = 0.128). A Physical activity and counselling intervention delivered either in a group or individual format could reduce stress, burnout, and improve HRQoL of working women in Shanghai, and the group interventions were potentially more effective than those targeted at individuals.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Aconselhamento/métodos , Exercício Físico , Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida
14.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0246576, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33651834

RESUMO

The glass cliff suggests that women are more likely to access leadership positions when organizations are facing a crisis. Although this phenomenon is well established, it is still largely unknown how variations in types of crises influence the strength of the think crisis-think female association, and whether female leaders and leaders with communal gendered traits are both affected by this association. We hypothesized that selection of stereotypically feminine traits (communal leaders) is specific to a relational crisis because of a fit between leader traits and traits required by the situation. We further expected that the selection of women also extends to other crisis situations because other factors such as their signaling change potential may play a role. We investigated the associations that participants made with candidates who varied across gendered traits and gender and between two crisis situations involving problems with either stereotypically feminine (e.g., an internal disharmony) or masculine (e.g., a financial problem) components, and a no crisis situation control. Results from three experimental studies (Ns = 319, 384, 385) supported our hypotheses by showing that communal leaders were most strongly associated with a relational crisis and least with a financial crisis, with the no crisis context situated in-between. This pattern was explained by higher relevance ratings for communal leadership behavior in the relational crisis versus financial crisis context, with the no crisis context situated in-between. In contrast, female leaders were most strongly associated with the relational crisis and least with the no crisis context, with the financial crisis situated in-between. Specific explanatory mechanisms related to the female-crisis association are explored and discussed. Our findings suggest that implicit motivations for valuing feminine/communal leadership and atypical leaders in crisis situations need further research.


Assuntos
Inovação Organizacional/economia , Estereotipagem , Estudantes/psicologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Comportamento de Escolha , Eficiência Organizacional , Feminino , Humanos , Liderança , Masculino , Poder Psicológico , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 43-46, mar. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178979

RESUMO

Maud Leonora Menten nació en Canadá, tuvo cuatro títulos universitarios: Bachiller en Artes, Master en Fisiología, médica y Doctora en Bioquímica. Trabajó en Estados Unidos, Alemania y Canadá. Trabajó en diferentes áreas: en la distribución de los iones cloruro en el sistema nervioso central, en tumores experimentales y su tratamiento con bromuro de radio, en el equilibrio ácido-base durante la anestesia, en el mecanismo hiperglucemiante de toxinas bacterianas, en el descubrimiento de un mecanismo de acoplamiento en química orgánica y hasta en la electroforesis de las hemoglobinas humanas. Sin embargo, el aporte por el cual es más conocida es su trabajo en el estudio de la cinética enzimática junto a Leonor Michaelis en 1913. El propósito de este trabajo es exponer la vida personal y académica de una científica conocida por la gran mayoría de los profesionales de la salud. La mujer que a principios del siglo XX trabajó con grandes investigadores de Canadá, Estados Unidos y Alemania, cuyos aportes científicos fueron reconocidos muchas décadas después. (AU)


Maud Leonora Menten was born in Canada; she had four university degrees, Bachelor of Arts, Master of Physiology, Physician and Doctor of Biochemistry. She worked in the United States, Germany, and Canada. Maud worked in different areas: the distribution of chloride ions in the central nervous system, experimental tumors and their treatment with radium bromide, the acid-base balance during anesthesia, the hyperglycemic mechanism of bacterial toxins, the discovery of a coupling mechanism in organic chemistry and even the electrophoresis of human hemoglobins. However, the contribution for which she is best known is for her work in the study of enzymatic kinetics with Leonor Michaelis in 1913. The aim of this paper is to expose the personal and academic life of a scientist known to the vast majority of Health professionals. The woman who, at the beginning of the 20th century, worked with great researchers from Canada, the United States and Germany, whose scientific contributions were recognized many decades later. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Médicas/história , História da Medicina , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/história , História do Século XX
16.
Arch. esp. urol. (Ed. impr.) ; 74(2): 187-196, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202658

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: Existe la creencia de que la urología es una especialidad de hombres. Según la American-Urology-Association, en 2013 las mujeres representaban el 7,7% de los urólogos en EE.UU. Actualmente, de 678 urólogos adscritos a la Sociedad Colombiana de Urología, 61 son mujeres (9%), y de 102 residentes, 41 (40%), son mujeres. El objetivo de este estudio es demostrar las tendencias de trabajo de las urólogas, las tendencias a futuro de las residentes, e identificar si los pacientes tienen preferencias en cuanto a la atención según el género de(la) urólogo(a). MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio de corte observacional descriptivo con encuestas anónimas realizadas a urólogas, residentes y pacientes. Las preguntas evaluaban las características demográficas de los encuestados; las preguntas a urólogas evaluaban sus tendencias de trabajo, las de las residentes sus planes a futuro como urólogas, y las de los pacientes su deseo de ser valorados en consulta y operados por un urólogo o una uróloga. RESULTADOS: Cincuenta y tres urólogas respondieron la encuesta. El promedio de edad fue 37 años, la mayoría (54%) trabajan en Bogotá. Dieciocho (34%) se han subespecializado, la mayoría en andrología (16%), endourología (16%) y urología pediátrica (16%). La mayoría (73,6%) operan entre 5-20 horas semanales, y las principales cirugías que realizan son colocación de cinta libre de tensión, resección transuretral de próstata, y varicocelectomía. Dieciocho (34%) refieren acoso laboral por el hecho de ser mujer. Treinta y seis de 41 residentes respondieron la encuesta. El promedio de edad era 28 años. El promedio de publicaciones académicas era de 3 (0-12). Ochenta por ciento desean realizar una subespecialización en el futuro, de las cuales 24% lo harían en endourología,17,2% en pediatría o uroginecología, y 10,3% en oncología. Cuarenta y un por ciento refieren acoso laboral por el hecho de ser mujer. Ciento ochenta y ocho pacientes respondieron la encuesta, siendo 96 hombres y 87 mujeres, de los cuales, 44,1% prefieren ser atendidos en consulta por una uróloga, y 49,2% prefieren ser operados por un urólogo. CONCLUSIONES: El número de mujeres urólogas ha aumentado exponcialmente en los últimos años, al igual que el porcentaje de mujeres en la residencia. Las residentes desean subespecializarse en diversos campos de la urología. Los pacientes prefieren ser atendidos en consulta por una uróloga, pero ser operados por un urólogo aunque las mujeres siguen prefiriendo ser operadas por una mujer


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: There are 61 (9%) female urologist enrolled at Sociedad Colombiana de Urología. 41 (40%) of urology residentes in Colombia are women. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the work tendencies of female urologist, female residents and patient’s preferences regarding the gender of their urologist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive observational sectional study with anonymous surveys carried out to practicing female urologists, female residents, and patients. The questions evaluated the demographic characteristics of the surveyed individuals; the questions for female urologists evaluated their work tendencies; for the residents we evaluated their plans as urologists; and the patients were asked about their preferences to be evaluated in medical consultation and to have a surgery performed by either a male or female urologist. RESULTS: The survey was answered by 53 female urologists. The average age was 37 years, the majority (54%) worked in Bogotá. 34% have subspecialized, the majority in andrology (16%) endourology (16%) and pediatric urology (16%). Most of them (73.6%) perform surgery between 5-20 hours weekly, and the most performed surgery was varicocelectomy. 34% referred to have been harassed in their work environment based on their gender. Thirty-six female residents answered the survey. The average age was 28 years. The average number of academic publications was 3. 80% wish to achieve a sub-specialization, of which 24% would do it in endourology. 41% referred to have been harassed. 188 patients answered the survey, 96 men and 87 women; 44.1% preferred to be attended in medical consultation by a female urologist, and 49.2% preferred to be operated by a male urologist. CONCLUSIONS: The number of female urologists has exponentially increased, just as the percentage of female residents. Female residents wish to subspecialize in diverse areas. Patients prefer to be attended by a female urologist in medical consultation but prefer to have surgery performed by a male urologist


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Urologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Urologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Preferência do Paciente , Colômbia
18.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246420, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529257

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to better understand the pervasive gender barriers obstructing the progression of women in surgery by synthesising the perspectives of both female surgical trainees and surgeons. METHODS: Five electronic databases, including Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Web of Science Core Collection, were searched for relevant articles. Following a full-text review by three authors, qualitative data was synthesized thematically according to the Thomas and Harden methodology and quality assessment was conducted by two authors reaching a consensus. RESULTS: Fourteen articles were included, with unfavorable work environments, male-dominated culture and societal pressures being major themes. Females in surgery lacked support, faced harassment, and had unequal opportunities, which were often exacerbated by sex-blindness by their male counterparts. Mothers were especially affected, struggling to achieve a work-life balance while facing strong criticism. However, with increasing recognition of the unique professional traits of female surgeons, there is progress towards gender quality which requires continued and sustained efforts. CONCLUSION: This systematic review sheds light on the numerous gender barriers that continue to stand in the way of female surgeons despite progress towards gender equality over the years. As the global agenda towards equality progresses, this review serves as a call-to-action to increase collective effort towards gender inclusivity which will significantly improve future health outcomes.


Assuntos
Equidade de Gênero , Sexismo , Cirurgiões , Local de Trabalho , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Mulheres Trabalhadoras
19.
Minerva Obstet Gynecol ; 73(2): 261-267, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic, governments have taken actions to limit the transmission of the virus such as lockdown measures and reorganization of the local Health System. Quarantine measures have influenced pregnant women's daily lives. The aim of this study was to understand the impact of the changes imposed by COVID-19 emergency on the well-being of pregnant women and how the transformation of Schiavonia Hospital into a dedicated COVID hospital affected their pregnancy experience. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Pregnant women who gave birth in Schiavonia Hospital during the period May-September 2020 have been included. The assessment examined clinical characteristics, attitudes in relation to the pandemic and how it affected birth plans, perception of information received, and attitudes regards giving birth in a COVID hospital. RESULTS: One hundred four women responded to the survey, with an enrolment rate of 58%. About the influence of COVID-19 pandemic, 51% of respondents reported changing some aspect of their lifestyle. The identification of Schiavonia Hospital as COVID hospital did not modify the trust in the facility and in the obstetrics ward for the 90% of women, in fact for the 85.6% it was the planned Birth Center since the beginning of pregnancy. The communication was complete and exhaustive for 82.7% of the respondents. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the COVID hospital transformation, the women who came to give birth at Schiavonia Birth Center rated the healthcare assistance received at high level, evidencing high affection for the structure and the healthcare workers.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Salas de Parto/organização & administração , Parto Obstétrico , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fechamento de Instituições de Saúde , Hospitais de Isolamento/organização & administração , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Pandemias , Paridade , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Anat Sci Educ ; 14(2): 148-153, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33463041

RESUMO

In responding to Covid-19 anatomists have succeeded in adapting their teaching to online delivery. However, long-term reliance on this mode of teaching raises the prospect that transferring the whole of the learning environment to an impersonal digital world will lead to loss of anatomy's humanistic side. In looking to a future increasingly dependent upon digital input to teaching, a number of roadblocks are identified. These are: the peril of abandoning the ethos of anatomy; for the workload of staff and especially for female academic staff; by a lack of adequate resources; to the research nature of departments, including the quality of research; to the position of anatomy in the biomedical sciences; and from pressures to retreat from a dissection-based education. In tracing a future trajectory for anatomy, issues outlined are the inevitability of change, the need for anatomy to market itself to the world, and the opportunities presented for anatomy to view itself increasingly as a contributor to broad scholastic endeavors. Suggestions include exploring the possibilities presented by virtual anatomy museums, the use of online learning to reach those not normally in touch with anatomy teaching, and exploring the integrated courses with humanities disciplines. It is concluded that anatomy will flourish if there is a willingness to expand the traditional horizons and be prepared to integrate all that is best in the person-to-person and digital worlds.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Instrução por Computador , Dissecação/educação , Educação à Distância , Ensino , COVID-19/transmissão , Cadáver , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Educacionais , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Carga de Trabalho
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