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1.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2020-09-29. (PAHO/ECC/COVID-19/20-001).
Não convencional em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52774

RESUMO

[Introduction]. On 30 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that the COVID-19 outbreak was a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. COVID-19 is an acute respiratory illness (ARI) caused by a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Most people infected with this virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Others, however, may become seriously ill. Older people, and those with underlying medical conditions like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness. COVID-19 spreads primarily through contact and droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about COVID-19, including how it spreads and how to protect yourself and others. While there is still much to learn about the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19, basic protective measures focus on washing your hands or using an alcohol-based rub frequently, keeping at least a 1 meter (3 feet) distance from others, avoiding to touch your face, practicing respiratory etiquette (e.g., by coughing into a flexed elbow), and seeking medical care early in case of symptoms (e.g., fever, cough and difficulty breathing). Additional infection prevention and control (IPC) measures that are needed will depend on the local COVID-19 transmission dynamics and the type of contact required by the shelter activity, including any care activity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Violência Doméstica , Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle de Infecções , Mulheres , Violência contra a Mulher , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Criança , Região do Caribe
5.
J Anxiety Disord ; 75: 102291, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 is rearranging our society with fear and worry about the novel coronavirus impacting the mental health of Americans. The current study examines the intersection of COVID-19 fear, worries and perceived threat with social vulnerabilities and mental health consequences, namely anxiety and depressive symptomatology. METHODS: Using an online platform, a national sample (n = 10, 368) of U.S. adults was surveyed during the week of March 23, 2020. The sample was post-strata weighted to ensure adequate representation of the U.S. population based on population estimates for gender, race/ethnicity, income, age, and geography. RESULTS: Fear and worry are not distributed equally across the country; rather they are concentrated in places where the largest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases is found. Additionally, data highlight significant differences in the subjective perception of distress across groups with varying social vulnerabilities. Women, Hispanics, Asians, families with children under 18, and foreign-born respondents reported higher levels of subjective fear and worry compared to their counterparts. Finally, even after controlling for social vulnerability, subjective assessments of distress were positive, and significantly related to anxiety and depressive symptomatology; prior mental health research from China and Europe confirm what others have begun to document in the United States. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary work provides practitioners with a glimpse of what lies ahead, which individuals and communities may be the most vulnerable, and what types of strategic interventions might help to address a wide range of mental health consequences for Americans in the months and years ahead.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Medo , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Depressão/epidemiologia , Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Av. enferm ; 38(2): 216-225, May-Aug. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114691

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: relacionar o desejo de doar leite materno aos aspectos socio-demográficos, clínicos e obstétricos. Materiais e métodos: estudo transversal e analítico com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 226 mulheres durante o puerpério imediato, em um Hospital de Referência do interior do Piauí, Brasil, entre dezembro de 2016 e junho de 2018. Na estatística analítica, realizaram-se os testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Qui-quadrado de Pearson, Razão de verossimilhança e o teste t-Student. Resultados: a caracterização sociodemográfica revelou que as participantes do estudo eram predominantemente casadas (n = 165; 73 %), pardas (n = 145; 64,1 %) e 79 (34,9 %) praticavam atividade física. Das entrevistadas, 78,3 % (n = 177) desejavam ser doadoras de leite materno, o que indica relação significativa com os anos de estudo (p = 0,038) e com as que receberam orientações sobre o assunto durante o pré-natal (p = 0,028). Conclusões: o desejo de doar leite materno esteve significativamente relacionado às variáveis de maior escolaridade da mulher e às orientações recebidas no pré-natal sobre o assunto, o que demonstra a relevância da educação em saúde dentro do contexto.


Resumen Objetivo: relacionar el deseo de donar leche materna con aspectos sociode-mográficos, clínicos y obstétricos. Materiales y métodos: estudio transversal y analítico con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado con 226 mujeres durante el puerperio inmediato en un hospital de referencia en el interior de Piauí, Brasil, desde diciembre de 2016 hasta junio de 2018. En estadística analítica, se realizaron las pruebas de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Chi-cuadrado de Pearson, razón de probabilidad y t de Student. Resultados: la caracterización sociodemográfica reveló que las participantes del estudio eran predominantemente casadas (n = 165; 73 %), mestizas (n = 145; 64,1 %) y 79 (34,9 %) practicaban actividad física. El 78,3 % (n = 177) de las entrevistadas deseaba ser donante de leche materna, lo que evidenció una relación significativa con los años de estudio (p = 0,038) y con aquellas que recibieron orientación sobre el tema durante la atención prenatal (p = 0,028). Conclusiones: el deseo de donar leche materna se relacionó significativamente con las variables de más alto nivel de escolaridad y la orientación prenatal sobre el tema, lo que demuestra la relevancia de la educación para la salud en el contexto.


Abstract Objective: To relate the desire to donate breastmilk to sociodemographic, clinical, and obstetric aspects. Materials and methods Cross-sectional and analytical study with quantitative approach, conducted with 226 women during the immediate postpartum period at a referral hospital in the interior of Piauí (Brazil) from December 2016 to June 2018. For analytical statistics, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Pearson's Chi-square, Likelihood Ratio and Student's t-tests were performed. Results: Sociodemographic characterization revealed that the study participants were predominantly married (n = 165; 73 %); mixed race (n = 145; 64.1 %), and 79 (34.9 %) practiced physical activity. Out of the total number on interviewees, 78.3 % (n = 177) wanted to be breast milk donors, showing a significant relationship with their years of study (p = 0.038) and being provided guidance on the subject during prenatal care (p = 0.028). Conclusions: The desire to donate breastmilk was significantly related to the variables of higher education of women and prenatal guidance on the subject, demonstrating the relevance of health education within this context.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Aleitamento Materno , Bancos de Leite , Período Pós-Parto , Pasteurização , Leite Humano , Mulheres , Brasil
8.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20200800. 70 p. ilus, tab.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1117944

RESUMO

El documento contiene el marco normativo en los servicios de salud que permita brindar el cuidado integral de la salud de las mujeres e integrantes del grupo familiar afectados por violencia sexual.


Assuntos
Delitos Sexuais , Mulheres , Saúde da Mulher , Violência Doméstica , Serviços de Saúde , Normas Técnicas
10.
J Appl Psychol ; 105(8): 771-783, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614203

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease that emerged in 2019 (COVID-19) spotlights the need for effective leadership in a crisis. Leadership research in applied psychology suggests that women tend to be preferred over men as leaders during uncertain times. We contribute to this literature by examining, in the context of COVID-19, whether states with women governors had fewer deaths than states with men governors, and why. We tested this research question with publicly available data on COVID-19 deaths in the United States as of May 5, 2020 and found that states with women governors had fewer COVID-19 deaths compared to states with men governors. Governor sex also interacted with early stay-at-home orders; states with women governors who issued these orders early had fewer deaths compared to states with men governors who did the same. To provide insight into psychological mechanisms of this relationship, we conducted a qualitative analysis of governor briefings that took place between April 1, 2020 and May 5, 2020 (251 briefings, 38 governors, 1.2 million words). Compared to men, women governors expressed more empathy and confidence in their briefings. Practical implications are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Liderança , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Governo Estadual , Mulheres , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/legislação & jurisprudência , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Controle de Infecções/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Fatores Sexuais , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Public Health ; 185: 196-198, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study was to explore the reasons behind the late presentation of female patients with leishmaniasis to the clinic. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study design and qualitative method were used in this study. METHODS: For information generation, two focus group discussions and three in-depth interviews were conducted with healthcare providers. RESULTS: Many factors, including socio-economic status, lack of knowledge about the disease (i.e. signs and symptoms, transmission, prevention and treatment), the use of traditional or local treatment methods and lack of female healthcare providers, contribute to the late presentation of patients with leishmaniasis to the clinic. This late presentation of patients with leishmaniasis, especially in women, can result in damage to the body tissue, resulting in life-long scars that carry social stigmas. CONCLUSIONS: Leishmaniasis can result in life-long scars if it is not timely diagnosed and treated. As a result of the scars being highly stigmatised, the social life of patients with leishmaniasis can be impacted, especially for female patients.


Assuntos
Cicatriz/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Leishmaniose/epidemiologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Mulheres/psicologia , Afeganistão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pobreza , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Classe Social , Estigma Social
12.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 61(1): [7], jul. 2020. ilus.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-1118888

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: el objetivo de este estudio fue verificar si los puntos de corte fijos y el límite inferior de lo normal (LLN) para el volumen espiratorio forzado en un segundo (FEV1) y el volumen espiratorio forzado en 6 segundos (FEV6) FEV1/FEV6 y el FEV6 son una medida alternativa para el FEV1 y la capacidad vital forzada (FVC), FEV1/FVC y la FVC en la detección de la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC), en una muestra de pacientes del oriente boliviano. MÉTODOS: se analizaron un total de 92 pruebas espirométricas, 66 varones y 26 mujeres con riesgo de EPOC. La población del estudio incluyó a residentes de la ciudad de Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Bolivia (ciudad cosmopolita) de 35 a 90 años de edad. RESULTADOS: la sensibilidad y la especificidad fueron del 97,0% y el 96,9%, respectivamente, cuando se compararon los valores de corte fijos de FEV1/FEV6 de 0,73 con los de FEV1/FVC < 0,7 como regla estándar, según las recomendaciones del global obstructive lung diseases (GOLD) para detectar la obstrucción de las vías respiratorias. La sensibilidad y la especificidad fueron de 93,4% y 81,2%, respectivamente, cuando el LLN de FEV1/FVC y FEV1/FEV6 fueron utilizados. CONCLUSIONES: en conclusión, el FEV6 es un sustituto válido de la CVF para detectar la obstrucción de las vías respiratorias, ya sea utilizando puntos de corte fijos o el LLN. Se necesitan más estudios para verificar estos resultados en una población más grande y para establecer los valores predictivos espirométricos locales.


INTRODUCTION: the aim of this study was to verify if fixed cut-off points and lower limit of normal (LLN) for forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)/FEV6 and FEV6 as an alternative for FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) and FVC are valid for the detection of obstructive lung disease in a sample of Bolivian subjects. METHODS: a total of 92 spirometric consecutive tests from subjects, 66 males and 26 females at risk for COPD were analyzed. The study population included residents of city Santa Cruz de la Sierra, (Bolivia) aged from 35 to 90 yrs., from various ethnical origins (cosmopolitan city). RESULTS: sensibility and specificity were 97.0% and 96.9%, respectively when fixed cut-off values of FEV1/FEV6 of 0.73 was compared to FEV1/FVC<0.7 as standard, according to GOLD recommendations to detect airway obstruction. Sensibility and specificity were 100% and 89.5%, respectively when LLN of FEV1/FVC and FEV1/FEV6 were used. CONCLUSIONS: in conclusion, FEV6 is a valid surrogate for FVC to detect airway obstruction, either using fixed cut-off points or LLN. Further study is needed to verify these results in a larger population and to establish local spirometric predicted values


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Mulheres , Capacidade Vital
13.
Elife ; 92020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-598772

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in school closures and distancing requirements that have disrupted both work and family life for many. Concerns exist that these disruptions caused by the pandemic may not have influenced men and women researchers equally. Many medical journals have published papers on the pandemic, which were generated by researchers facing the challenges of these disruptions. Here we report the results of an analysis that compared the gender distribution of authors on 1893 medical papers related to the pandemic with that on papers published in the same journals in 2019, for papers with first authors and last authors from the United States. Using mixed-effects regression models, we estimated that the proportion of COVID-19 papers with a woman first author was 19% lower than that for papers published in the same journals in 2019, while our comparisons for last authors and overall proportion of women authors per paper were inconclusive. A closer examination suggested that women's representation as first authors of COVID-19 research was particularly low for papers published in March and April 2020. Our findings are consistent with the idea that the research productivity of women, especially early-career women, has been affected more than the research productivity of men.


Assuntos
Autoria , Bibliometria , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres , Eficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Isolamento Social , Estados Unidos
14.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 103(2): 578-580, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504462

RESUMO

As COVID-19 has spread across the globe, quarantines and sheltering-in-place orders have become important public health tools but, as currently implemented, have eroded human rights, particularly for the marginalized, including essential workers, detainees, women, and children. Quarantines and sheltering-in-place orders must include explicit guarantees of human rights protections. We outline protections for the quarantined that communities and governments should strive to guarantee.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Direitos Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Quarentena , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prisioneiros , Refugiados , Segurança , Populações Vulneráveis , Mulheres , Recursos Humanos
15.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233994, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497125

RESUMO

The Women's March of 2017 generated unprecedented levels of participation in the largest, single day, protest in history to date. The marchers protested the election of President Donald Trump and rallied in support of several civil issues such as women's rights. "Sister marches" evolved in at least 680 locations across the United States. Both positive and negative reactions to the March found their way into social media, with criticism stemming from certain, conservative, political sources and other groups. In this study, we investigate the extent to which this notable, historic event influenced sentiment on Twitter, and the degree to which responses differed by geographic area within the continental U.S. Tweets about the event rose to an impressive peak of over 12% of all geo-located tweets by mid-day of the March, Jan. 21. Messages included in tweets associated with the March tended to be positive in sentiment, on average, with a mean of 0.34 and a median of 0.07 on a scale of -4 to +4. In fact, tweets associated with the March were more positive than all other geo-located tweets during the day of the March. Exceptions to this pattern of positive sentiment occurred only in seven metropolitan areas, most of which involved very small numbers of tweets. Little evidence surfaced of extensive patterns of negative, aggressive messages towards the event in this set of tweets. Given the widespread nature of online harassment and sexist tweets, more generally, the results are notable. In sum, online reactions to the March on this social media platform suggest that this modern arm of the Women's Movement received considerable, virtual support across the country.


Assuntos
Política , Protestantismo , Mulheres , Feminino , Humanos , Mídias Sociais , Estados Unidos
16.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(1): 44-49, jun. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1102523

RESUMO

Objetivo: conhecer o que as mulheres e os homens com vínculo trabalhista ou estudantil da Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei, Campus Centro-Oeste, sabem sobre o climatério e menopausa. Metodologia: estudo de caso único, com abordagem qualitativa e fundamentada na técnica de Análise Crítica do Discurso. A pesquisa contou com 43 participantes, sendo 15 mulheres e 28 homens. Resultados: a distinção entre climatério e menopausa nem sempre é clara para os participantes, sendo desconhecidas, especialmente, pelos participantes do sexo masculino. Além disso, o climatério é um período em que as mulheres queixam-se de vários sintomas, tanto biológicos quanto psicológicos. Considerações finais: há uma defasagem no conhecimento das mulheres referente ao climatério e à menopausa. Nota-se o desconhecimento total dos homens referente ao climatério e poucos sabem o que é a menopausa. Em face ao exposto evidencia-se a necessidade de mais estudos que busquem explorar a temática menopausa/ climatério. (AU)


Objective: to know the that women and men with a labor or student bond of the Federal University of São João del-Rei, Campus Central-West, know about the climacteric and menopause. Method: a unique case study, with a qualitative approach and based on the technique of Critical Discourse Analysis. The survey counted on 43 participants, being 15 women and 28 men. Results: the distinction between the phases of female life understood by the climacteric and the menopause is not always clear to the participants, being unknown, especially, by the male participants. In addition, it is a time when women complain of various symptoms, both biological and psychological. Conclusion: there is a lag in women's knowledge regarding such periods. Men's total ignorance of the climacteric is noted, and few know what menopause is. In view of the above, it is evident the need for further studies that seek to explore the menopausal / climacteric theme. (AU)


Objetivo: conocer el desarrollo que las mujeres y los hombres con vínculo laboral o estudiantil de la Universidad Federal de San Juan del Rey, Campus Centro-Oeste, saben sobre el climaterio y la menopausia. Metodo: estudio de caso único, con abordaje cualitativo y fundamentado en la técnica de Análisis Crítico del Discurso. La encuesta contó con 43 participantes, siendo 15 mujeres y 28 hombres. Resultados: la distinción entre las fases de la vida femenina comprendidas por el climaterio y la menopausia no siempre es clara para los participantes, siendo desconocidas, especialmente, por los participantes del sexo masculino. Además, es un período en que las mujeres se quejan de varios síntomas, tanto biológicos y psicológicos. Conclusión: hay un desfase en el conocimiento de las mujeres referente a tales períodos. Se nota el desconocimiento total de los hombres referente al climaterio y pocos saben lo que es la menopausia. En vista de lo expuesto se evidencia la necesidad de más estudios que busquen explorar la temática menopausia / climaterio. (AU)


Assuntos
Mulheres , Humanos , Climatério , Menopausa , Conhecimento
17.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(1): 63-68, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1102530

RESUMO

Objetivo: caracterizar o perfil de mulheres admitidas para uso dos leitos de acolhimento noturno em um Centro de Atenção Psicossocial em Álcool e Drogas (CAPSad) e suas admissões. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, documental e retrospectivo, com abordagem quantitativa. Dados foram coletados de prontuários, seguidos de análise estatística. Resultados: as mulheres tinham em média 38 anos, sem companheiro (81,1%), com vínculo familiar ruim/conflituoso (52,7%), sem vínculo empregatício (83,5%) e em situação de rua (64,5%). As substâncias mais consumidas foram crack e álcool. Frequentemente, as admissões foram por desintoxicação e vulnerabilidade social, com permanência média de 7 dias. Entretanto, 29,1% não concluíram o tratamento e 35,4% retornaram pós-alta buscando atendimento individualizado. Conclusão: o perfil das usuárias relaciona-se com uma relevante vulnerabilidade social, sendo os leitos referência terapêutica para o cuidado integral. (AU)


Objective: characterize the profile of the women admitted to use the beds of a Psychosocial Attention Center for Alcohol and Drugs. Method: documentary, descriptive and retrospective study, with a quantitative approach. Data were collected from medical records, followed by a statistical analysis. Results: the majority of women were 38 years old, didn ́t have partners (81.1%), had conflicting family bonds (52.8%), were unemployed (83.5%) and were living in the streets (66.1%). Crack and alcohol were the most consumed substances. Frequently, admissions were due to detoxification and social vulnerability, with an average permanence in the center of seven days. However, 29.1% did not finish the treatment. After the discharge, 35.4% returned looking for individual treatment. Conclusion: The users' profiles are related to a relevant social vulnerability, where the beds are a therapeutic reference to the integral care. (AU)


Objetivo: caracterizar el perfil de las mujeres admitidas a usar las camas de un Centro de Atención Psicosocial para el Alcohol y las Drogas. Metodo: estudio documental, descriptivo y retrospectivo, con enfoque cuantitativo. Los datos fueron recolectados de registros médicos, seguido de análisis estadístico. Resultados: la mayoría tenían 38 años, no tenían pareja (81,1%), tenían vínculos familiares conflictivos (52,8%), estaban desempleadas (83,5%) y vivían en las calles (66,1%). Crack y alcohol fueron las sustancias más consumidas. Frecuentemente, las admisiones se debieron a desintoxicación y vulnerabilidad social, con una permanencia promedio de siete días. Entretanto, el 29,1% no terminó el tratamiento. Después del alta 35,4% volvió buscando tratamiento individual. Conclusión: los perfiles de los usuarios están relacionados con una vulnerabilidad social relevante, donde las camas son una referencia terapéutica a la atención integral. (AU)


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Mental , Ocupação de Leitos , Mulheres , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Vulnerabilidade Social
19.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S243-S244, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538661

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Spain ranked 1st in number of infected health workers. Despite the fact that up to 75% of them were women, psychological interventions to prevent distress usually lacked a gender perspective and a biopsychosocial approach. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde , Doenças Profissionais , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psicoterapia/normas , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático , Mulheres , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/terapia , Espanha , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático/terapia
20.
Elife ; 92020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538780

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in school closures and distancing requirements that have disrupted both work and family life for many. Concerns exist that these disruptions caused by the pandemic may not have influenced men and women researchers equally. Many medical journals have published papers on the pandemic, which were generated by researchers facing the challenges of these disruptions. Here we report the results of an analysis that compared the gender distribution of authors on 1893 medical papers related to the pandemic with that on papers published in the same journals in 2019, for papers with first authors and last authors from the United States. Using mixed-effects regression models, we estimated that the proportion of COVID-19 papers with a woman first author was 19% lower than that for papers published in the same journals in 2019, while our comparisons for last authors and overall proportion of women authors per paper were inconclusive. A closer examination suggested that women's representation as first authors of COVID-19 research was particularly low for papers published in March and April 2020. Our findings are consistent with the idea that the research productivity of women, especially early-career women, has been affected more than the research productivity of men.


Assuntos
Autoria , Bibliometria , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres , Eficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Isolamento Social , Estados Unidos
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