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1.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 16(5): e1007754, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379823

RESUMO

The current academic culture facing women in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields in the United States has sparked the formation of grassroots advocacy groups to empower female scientists in training. However, the impact of these initiatives often goes unmeasured and underappreciated. Our Women in Science and Engineering (WiSE) organization serves postdoctoral researchers, graduate students, and research technicians (trainees) at a private research institute for biological sciences. Here we propose the following guidelines for cultivating a successful women-in-STEM-focused group based upon survey results from our own scientific community as well as the experience of our WiSE group leaders. We hope these recommendations can provide guidance to advocacy groups at other research and academic organizations that wish to strengthen their efforts. Whereas our own group specifically focuses on the underrepresented state of women in science, we hope these guidelines may be adapted and applied to groups that advocate for any minority group within the greater scientific community (i.e., those of gender, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic background, sexual orientation, etc.).


Assuntos
Educação/métodos , Mulheres/educação , Sucesso Acadêmico , Adulto , Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas/educação , Engenharia/educação , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Matemática/educação , Grupos Minoritários/educação , Ciência/educação , Estudantes , Tecnologia/educação , Estados Unidos
2.
Reprod Health ; 17(1): 5, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Access to high-quality antenatal care services has been shown to be beneficial for maternal and child health. In 2016, the WHO published evidence-based recommendations for antenatal care that aim to improve utilization, quality of care, and the patient experience. Prior research in Nepal has shown that a lack of social support, birth planning, and resources are barriers to accessing services in rural communities. The success of CenteringPregnancy and participatory action women's groups suggests that group care models may both improve access to care and the quality of care delivered through women's empowerment and the creation of social networks. We present a group antenatal care model in rural Nepal, designed and implemented by the healthcare delivery organization Nyaya Health Nepal, as well as an assessment of implementation outcomes. METHODS: The study was conducted at Bayalata Hospital in Achham, Nepal, via a public private partnership between the Nepali non-profit, Nyaya Health Nepal, and the Ministry of Health and Population, with financial and technical assistance from the American non-profit, Possible. We implemented group antenatal care as a prospective non-randomized cluster-controlled, type I hybrid effectiveness-implementation study in six village clusters. The implementation approach allows for iterative improvement in design, making changes to improve the quality of the intervention. Assessments of implementation process and model fidelity were undertaken using a mobile checklist completed by nurse supervisors, and observation forms completed by program leadership. We evaluated data quarterly using descriptive statistics to identify trends. Qualitative interviews and team communications were analyzed through immersion crystallization to identify major themes that evolved during the implementation process. RESULTS: A total of 141 group antenatal sessions were run during the study period. This paper reports on implementation results, whereas we analyze and present patient-level effectiveness outcomes in a complementary paper in this journal. There was high process fidelity to the model, with 85.7% (95% CI 77.1-91.5%) of visits completing all process elements, and high content fidelity, with all village clusters meeting the minimum target frequency for 80% of topics. The annual per capita cost for group antenatal care was 0.50 USD. Qualitative analysis revealed the compromise of stable gestation-matched composition of the group members in order to make the intervention feasible. Major adaptations were made in training, documentation, feedback and logistics. CONCLUSION: Group antenatal care provided in collaboration with local government clinics has the potential to provide accessible and high quality antenatal care to women in rural Nepal. The intervention is a feasible and affordable alternative to individual antenatal care. Our experience has shown that adaptation from prior models was important for the program to be successful in the local context within the national healthcare system. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02330887, registered 01/05/2015, retroactively registered.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Cuidado Pré-Natal/economia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/organização & administração , Mulheres/psicologia , Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Nepal , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , População Rural , Mulheres/educação
4.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(10): 634-640, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580726

RESUMO

Women in math, science, and engineering (MSE) often face stereotype threat: they fear that their performance in MSE will confirm an existing negative stereotype-that women are bad at math-which in turn may impair their learning and performance in math. This research investigated if sexist nonverbal behavior of a male instructor could activate stereotype threat among women in a virtual classroom. In addition, the research examined if learners' avatar representation in virtual reality altered this nonverbal process. Specifically, a 2 (avatar gender: female vs. male) × 2 (instructor behavior: dominant sexist vs. nondominant or nonsexist) between-subjects experiment was used. Data from 76 female college students demonstrated that participants learned less and performed worse when interacting with a sexist male instructor compared with a nonsexist instructor in a virtual classroom. Participants learned and performed equally well when represented by female and male avatars. Our findings extend previous research in physical learning settings, suggesting that dominant-sexist behaviors may give rise to stereotype threat and undermine women's learning outcomes in virtual classrooms. Implications for gender achievement gaps and stereotype threat are discussed.


Assuntos
Matemática , Sexismo/psicologia , Estereotipagem , Realidade Virtual , Mulheres , Gráficos por Computador , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes , Mulheres/educação , Mulheres/psicologia
5.
Reprod Health ; 16(1): 90, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Preterm Birth Initiative-Rwanda is conducting a 36-cluster randomized controlled trial of group antenatal and postnatal care. In the context of this trial, we collected qualitative data before and after implementation. The purpose was two-fold. First, to inform the design of the group care program before implementation and second, to document women's experiences of group care at the mid-point of the trial to make ongoing programmatic adjustments and improvements. METHODS: We completed 8 focus group discussions among women of reproductive age before group care implementation and 6 focus group discussions among women who participated in group antenatal care and/or postnatal care at 18 health centers that introduced the model, approximately 9 months after implementation. RESULTS: Before implementation, focus group participants reported both enthusiasm for the potential for support and insight from a group of peers and concern about the risk of sharing private information with peers who may judge, mock, or gossip. After implementation, group care participants reported benefits including increased knowledge, peer support, and more satisfying relationships with providers. When asked about barriers to group care participation, none of them cited concern about privacy but instead cited lack of financial resources, lack of cooperation from a male partner, and long distances to the health center. Finally, women stated that the group care experience would be improved if all participants and providers arrived on time and remained focused on the group care visit throughout. DISCUSSION: These results are consistent with other published reports of women's perceptions of group antenatal care, especially increased pregnancy- and parenting-related knowledge, peer support, and improved relationships with health care providers. Some results were unexpected, especially the consequences of staff allocation patterns that resulted in providers arriving late for group visits or having to leave during group visits to attend to other facility services, which diminished women's experiences of care. CONCLUSION: Group antenatal and postnatal care provide compelling benefits to women and families. If the model requires the addition of human resources at the health center, intensive reminder communications, and large-scale community outreach to benefit the largest number of pregnant and postnatal mothers, those additional resources required must be factored into any future decision to scale a group care model. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03154177 .


Assuntos
Grupos Focais , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Planejamento em Saúde/organização & administração , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/organização & administração , Mulheres/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Ruanda , Mulheres/educação , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0213056, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830933

RESUMO

We examine the relationship between school attendance and HIV incidence among young women in South Africa. Our aim is to distinguish a causal effect from correlation. Towards this end, we apply three methods to population-based longitudinal data for 2005-2012 in KwaZulu-Natal. After establishing a negative association, we first use a method that assesses the influence of omitted variables. We then estimate models with exclusion restrictions to remove endogeneity bias, and finally we estimate models that control for unobserved factors that remain constant over time. All the three methods have strengths and weaknesses, but none of them suggests a causal effect. Thus, interventions that increase school attendance in KwaZulu-Natal would probably not mechanically reduce HIV risk for young women. Although the impact of school attendance could vary depending on context, unobserved variables are likely to be an important reason for the common finding of a negative association between school attendance and HIV incidence in the literature.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Mulheres/educação , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Modelos Teóricos , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Soc Sci Med ; 221: 9-18, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553120

RESUMO

Cash transfer programmes form an integral part of nutrition, health, and social protection policies worldwide, but the mechanisms through which they achieve their health and nutritional impacts are incompletely understood. We present results from a process evaluation of a combined participatory women's groups and cash transfer programme to improve low birth weight in rural Nepal. We explored the ways in which context, implementation, and mechanism of the intervention affected beneficiary women's agency over cash transfers. Informed by a grounded theory framework, we conducted and analysed semi-structured interviews with 22 beneficiary women, 15 of their mothers-in-law, 3 of their elder sisters-in-law and 20 husbands, as well as a focus group discussion with 7 supervisors of the women's group intervention. Our study reveals how women's group facilitators, their supervisors and community members developed a shared dynamic around persuading and compelling recipients of unconditional cash transfers into spending them according to criteria developed by the group. We found these dynamics effectively constituted 'soft conditions' on beneficiary spending which restricted women's ability to make decisions over their cash transfers, but also increased their likelihood of spending them on their own pregnancy. Our findings demonstrate the importance of understanding how programmes are implemented and responded to in order to understand their implications for beneficiary agency and empowerment.


Assuntos
Assistência Alimentar/economia , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso/fisiologia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , População Rural , Mulheres/educação , Adulto , Família/psicologia , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Entrevistas como Assunto , Saúde Materna/tendências , Nepal , Gravidez , Mulheres/psicologia
9.
Public Health Nutr ; 22(1): 3-14, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The prevention of malnutrition in children under two approach (PM2A), women's empowerment and agricultural interventions have not been widely evaluated in relation to child diet and nutrition outcomes. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of PM2A, women's empowerment groups (WEG), farmer field schools (FFS) and farmer-to-farmer training (F2F). DESIGN: Community-matched quasi-experimental design; outcome measures included children's dietary diversity, stunting and underweight. SETTING: Communities in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo.ParticipantsA total of 1312 children from 1113 households. RESULTS: Achievement of minimum dietary diversity ranged from 22·9 to 39·7 % and was significantly greater in the PM2A and FFS groups (P<0·05 for both comparisons). Fewer than 7·6 and 5·8 % of children in any group met minimum meal frequency and acceptable diet targets; only the PM2A group differed significantly from controls (P<0·05 for both comparisons). The endline stunting prevalence ranged from 54·7 % (PM2A) to 69·1 % (F2F) and underweight prevalence from 22·3 % (FFS) to 34·4 % (F2F). No significant differences were found between intervention groups and controls for nutrition measures; however, lower prevalences of stunting (PM2A, -4 %) and underweight (PM2A and FFS, -7 %) suggest potential impact on nutrition outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Children in the PM2A and FFS groups had better child diet measures and nutrition outcomes with the best results among PM2A beneficiaries. Interventions that address multiple aspects nutrition education, health, ration provision and income generation may be more effective in improving child diet and nutrition in resource-poor settings than stand-alone approaches.


Assuntos
Agricultura/educação , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Nutrição do Lactente/prevenção & controle , Magreza/epidemiologia , Mulheres/educação , República Democrática do Congo/epidemiologia , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Empoderamento , Feminino , Transtornos do Crescimento/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Transtornos da Nutrição do Lactente/complicações , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Magreza/etiologia , Mulheres/psicologia
10.
Violence Vict ; 33(4): 627-644, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567765

RESUMO

This aricle expands scholarship on intimate partner violence in Ghana by discussing what should be done to stop it, using data from the Northern region. The data came from 53 survey participants who provided useful responses to an open question: "what should we do to stop intimate partner violence"? The 53 respondents were part of 443 women non-randomly sampled at public health centers across the region to participate in a survey on intimate partner violence. Although the survey used a questionnaire, responses to the open question constituted qualitative data for this article. All 53 written responses were typed out verbatim into a Microsoft word document to generate a transcript for analysis. Responses entered in the transcript were numbered to distinguish one from another. Each numbered unit of text represented the complete response of a participant. Data were content-analyzed and reduced to five meaning categories for interpretation and conclusion-drawing. These are: provide behavior change support to couples; institute and enforce legal sanctions against perpetrators; empower women; provide public education for social change; and pray and preach against violence. Discussion of the findings is situated within discourse analysis and the article concludes with a note on implications for policy and practice.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Cônjuges/psicologia , Adulto , Terapia Comportamental , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/legislação & jurisprudência , Masculino , Casamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poder Psicológico , Religião , Respeito , Apoio Social , Cônjuges/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Mulheres/educação , Saúde da Mulher , Adulto Jovem
13.
Malar J ; 17(1): 326, 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30200986

RESUMO

Workshops with academic, national and local government, and community stakeholders were held in Kenya (2017) and Indonesia (2018) to understand the role and perceptions of women in vector control and to identify strategies for accelerating involvement of women in sustained support for vector control interventions at multiple levels/sectors.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade , Controle de Mosquitos , Mosquitos Vetores , Mulheres/educação , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Quênia
14.
Stud Fam Plann ; 49(2): 127-142, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749632

RESUMO

Despite substantial improvements in women's education, the age at which Latin American women marry (cohabit) or become mothers for the first time has barely decreased over the past four decades. We refer to this as the "stability paradox." We examine the relationship between years of schooling and transitions to first union or child, analyzing retrospective information from 50 cohorts of women born between 1940 and 1989 in 12 Latin American countries. Absolute and relative measures of schooling are compared. Data is drawn from 38 Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) conducted between 1986 and 2012 in these countries. Results show that expected postponement in family transitions due to educational expansion was offset by a rise in union formation and childbearing within strata of absolute education, but stayed approximately constant within strata of relative education. The relative measure of education retains the stratifying power of education but neutralizes any effect attached to a specific number of years of schooling and the learning skills associated with them. This is consistent with the idea that access to education in Latin America reproduces existing patterns of socioeconomic advantage, rather than creating a more equitable distribution of learning opportunities and outcomes.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Características da Família , Mulheres/educação , Adolescente , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , América Latina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 25(1): 145-150, 2018 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29575860

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was recognition of the opinions of rural women living in the Bieszczady region of south-eastern Poland, concerning their perception of the degree of severity of work. The study was conducted among the inhabitants of the Cisna commune. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The basic research instrument was a questionnaire form containing 15 items. The study covered 101 women living in the Cisna commune in the Bieszczady. The self-reported degree of work load on a farm was analyzed among women who were occupationally active, and those who were not occupationally active. The effect of assistance from family members on the severity of work perceived by women was considered. RESULTS: The women in the study focused on agro-tourism, a few of them were engaged in agricultural work and the majority worked in household gardens. The study showed that occupationally active women work considerably longer, on average, and are the most loaded, compared to those not engaged in occupational activity. The mean daily time devoted to duties on a farm did not significantly differ between occupationally active and non-active women, and amounted to 380 and 320 minutes, respectively. The majority of women who were non-active occupationally evaluated their household chores as the highest work load. In turn, the women who undertook occupational activity assessed them as most burdensome, despite great help from their family. The body positions assumed while performing field work were: standing, standing-bent-over, and walking. The mean evaluations of work load while standing and standing-bent-over did not significantly differ, but affected the work load among women who, however, could not assess the severity of their work resulting from the body position assumed.


Assuntos
Mulheres/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Mulheres/educação , Carga de Trabalho/economia , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Cancer Educ ; 33(4): 821-832, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28285418

RESUMO

The objective of this paper was to define the effect of education on the early diagnosis of breast and cervix cancer on the women's attitudes and behaviors regarding participating in Cancer Early Diagnosis, Screening and Training Centers-CEDSTC screening programs. This semi-experimental study was completed with 342 women. The data were collected with forms "Champion's Health Belief Model Scale Breast Cancer-HBMSBC" and "Health Belief Model Scale for Cervical Cancer and the Pap Smear Test-HBMSCCPST." When the women's health beliefs before and after 6 months of the education about the early diagnosis of breast and cervical cancers are considered, it is seen that the HBMSBC subscales health motivation, breast self-examination (BSE), and evasion to mammography (MMG) decreased and BSE self-efficacy and MMG benefit attitudes increased and HBMSCCPST subscales pap smear benefit attitudes increased and evasion to pap smear attitude decreased (p < 0.05). Six months after the education, 28.4% of the women had undergone MMG, 69.9% had performed BSE, and 33.6% had undergone a pap smear test. Education regarding early diagnosis of breast and cervix cancer was found to have positive effects on the health behaviors of the women related to BSE, MMG, and pap smear tests. The women require professional education program for increasing their attitudes and behaviors for CEDSTC screening programs. We suggest regularly providing education to increase participation in early screening programs.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Mulheres/educação , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Autoexame de Mama/psicologia , Autoexame de Mama/estatística & dados numéricos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Mamografia/psicologia , Mamografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Teste de Papanicolaou/psicologia , Teste de Papanicolaou/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/psicologia , Esfregaço Vaginal/psicologia , Esfregaço Vaginal/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres/psicologia , Saúde da Mulher
18.
J Biosoc Sci ; 50(6): 725-748, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29103388

RESUMO

There is an abundant literature on the relationship between women's education and maternal and child outcomes, including antenatal and postnatal care, onset of antenatal care and skilled birth attendance. However, few studies have adopted the 'equity' lens, despite increasing evidence that inequities between rich and poor are increasing although maternal and child mortality is declining. This study examined the differential effects of women's education within different socioeconomic strata in Africa. The most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria and Zimbabwe were used. In each country, the original sample was stratified into three socioeconomic groups: poor, middle and rich. For each maternal health service utilization variable, the gross and net effects of women's education, controlling for age, parity, religion, marital status, health insurance, access to health facilities, partner's education and current place of residence, were estimated using logistic regression, taking into account the complex sampling design of the DHS. The findings revealed country-specific variations in maternal health service utilization, and for most indicators there was a clear gradient among socioeconomic strata: women living in better-off households exhibited greater access to, and utilization of, maternal health services. Multivariate analyses revealed that women's education had a positive association with type of antenatal care provider, timing and frequency of antenatal care visits, place of delivery and presence of a skilled birth attendant at delivery. Many other factors were found to be significantly associated with maternal health service utilization. For instance, parity had a negative and significant association with timing of first antenatal care visit. Likewise, partner's education was positively and statistically associated with timing of first antenatal care visit. It is argued that an over-generalization of the association between women's education and maternal health service utilization can be misleading. Efforts to improve maternal health service utilization in Africa must adopt an 'equity' approach, taking into account the specific needs of sub-populations.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Países em Desenvolvimento , Escolaridade , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Classe Social , Revisão da Utilização de Recursos de Saúde , Mulheres/educação , Adolescente , Adulto , África ao Sul do Saara , Feminino , Equidade em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Cônjuges/educação , Adulto Jovem
19.
MEDICC Rev ; 20(3): 6-9, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242155

RESUMO

After nearly 60 years of universal education and health, coupled with national policies supporting women's rights and advancement, the results are in: according to recent data, more than half of Cuban scientists and almost 60% of all professionals in Cuba are women. Moreover, women's representation in government is rising, including at the highest levels such as parliament, where they constitute 53.2% of members. Digging deeper, we find a story richer than national statistics or political representation. It's the story of the collective achievements of female professionals on the island. For example, the clinical research team responsible for developing CIMAvax-EGF, Cuba's novel biotech therapy for non-small cell lung cancer, was headed by a woman. Likewise, the lead scientist of the Cuban team that developed the world's first effective meningitis B vaccine is a woman. And the cofounder of the country's clinical trials coordinating center and registry is a woman, as is the founder of the National Center for Agricultural Animal Health. Yet, as in any country, there is more to be done to achieve true gender parity and release the full potential of women. To begin our series profiling outstanding Cuban women professionals, MEDICC Review spoke with sociologist Dr Marta Núñez, who has devoted decades to research on gender relations and the role of women in Cuba. She provides an overview and framework for contextualizing the advancement of Cuban women-including the challenges still to overcome.


Assuntos
Empoderamento , Mulheres , Cuba , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Mulheres/educação
20.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 25(4): 1039-1061, out.-dez.2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | HISA - História da Saúde | ID: his-41974

RESUMO

Com a institucionalização da medicinano parto ocorre um deslocamento degênero. No final do século XIX, aomesmo tempo que as parteiras sofrema marginalização e desqualificaçãode seu ofício, as mulheres lutam paraconquistar acesso ao ensino superior nos cursos de medicina. Ainda na primeira metade do século XX, a escassez de mulheres nas faculdades de medicina é grande, assim como é relevante a atuação das parteiras, inclusive em contextos hospitalares. Parte dessa história está materializada na exposição “Mulheres e práticas de saúde”, do Museu de História da Medicina do Rio Grande do Sul. Nosso objetivo é destacar a valorizaçãodesses saberes e práticas no Brasil junto à população por meio da educação não formal em museus.(AU)


Assuntos
Parto , Tocologia , História da Medicina , Mulheres/educação , Exposições Educativas , Museus
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