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1.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 82: 102232, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considerable effort has been devoted to elucidating correlates of psychopathy in males, but only few researchers have turned their attention to this field in female counterparts, with most of the research in this field having been driven from western countries. We aimed to explore psychopathic traits, impulsiveness and psychiatric symptoms that characterize a Tunisian female prison population. METHOD: Data were collected in a cross-sectional design during September 2017. The sample was comprised of 100 adult females who were incarcerated at the "Manouba Women's Prison" at the time of the survey. The Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, and The Brief Symptom Inventory were used. RESULTS: In the univariate analysis, socioeconomic level (p = .001), tobacco use (p = .001), poly drug use (p = .014) and physically aggressive behaviors in the 6 months before incarceration (p = .043) were significantly associated with psychopathy total scores. After multivariable adjustment, motor impulsiveness (ß = 0.426, p < .01) and phobic anxiety (ß = 0.284, p < .05) contributed significantly to the variance of psychopathy total scores. CONCLUSION: The current findings not only add to the growing body of literature on female psychopathy, but also help inform decision making about mental health-related programs and policies in female prison settings in underdeveloped and underrepresented countries similar to our sociocultural context.


Assuntos
Prisioneiros/psicologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Agressão/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicopatologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Tunísia/epidemiologia
2.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 146, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women's satisfaction with childbirth experience is considered as one of the quality indicators of the maternity services across the world. However, there is no guideline for improving the experience of childbirth in Iran that is suitable for women with different cultural, economic, and social statuses. The aim of this study is to make recommendations for practice and propose a clinical guideline for improving the experience of women with vaginal births. METHODS/DESIGN: The study design was a mixed method study with a sequential explanatory approach consisting of three phases. The first phase of the study was a cross-sectional study to identify the predictors of traumatic vaginal childbirth experience among 800 primiparous women from Tabriz health centers who had vaginal birth. Data collection tools in this phase were Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) and Support and Control in Birth (SCIB). Both tools were validated for Farsi language. The second phase was a qualitative study with 17 in-depth individual interviews among women who took part in the first phase to better understand their reasons that influenced their childbirth experience either positively or negatively. The third phase of the study was to develop recommendations for a proposed clinical guideline through a Delphi study where maternal health experts were selected and invited to take part in the panel. They first rated the proposed recommendations individually and provided written responses on their own agreement or disagreement with each statement in terms of its impact on childbirth experience, feasibility, acceptability, and cost-effectiveness. After three confirmation rounds, the final conscience was reached by the panel members. RESULTS: The results of the quantitative phase showed that the probability of negative experience of childbirth was increased when physical exercise was not implemented during pregnancy, lacking pain relief options, having fear of childbirth, lacking skin to skin contact with the newborn and being unable to initiate breastfeeding in the first hour after birth (P < 0.05). The analysis of qualitative data revealed 13 major theme categories which were related to women's sense of internal control, external control and support. In the third phase of the study, culturally appropriate recommendations were made and an evidence-based clinical guideline was proposed. The proposed guideline was based on the combination of the quantitative and qualitative phases, a review of the literature, and the opinions of Iranian experts using the Delphi technique. CONCLUSION: Given the high prevalence of negative childbirth experience among Iranian primiparous women, the present study may be of great interest for managers, leaders, policymakers, and care providers to improve the quality of the maternity services. However, further studies are required to translate the recommendations into practice and identify enablers and barriers during the implementation of the proposed guideline. To adopt the recommendations at national level, there is a need to further studies to assess the effectiveness of the proposed guideline within different communities across the region and the country.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Mulheres/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Irã (Geográfico) , Parto/etnologia , Gravidez , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Confiança
3.
J Aging Stud ; 56: 100907, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712092

RESUMO

In this piece I argue that the pandemic with its emphasis on social distancing as a desirable civic norm can reconfigure popular understanding of mature female singlehood in India- a condition that is often described in the language of lacks and social failures. The pandemic, I argue, has reaffirmed the everyday practices of upper middle-class professional women (ages 50-60 years) lending them as positive agentic subjects who are invested in self-actualization and an appreciation of intimate solitude. Overall, by specifically focusing on subjectivities and social aspirations of my interlocutors during the pandemic, I illuminate ways in which middle aged selfhood is lived in all its fragility, ambivalence and emergent possibilities.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos , Distanciamento Físico , Quarentena/psicologia , Estigma Social , Mulheres/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Dermatol Surg ; 47(2): 250-255, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rate of growth for male cosmetic treatments has slowed in the past 5 years. There is limited data on why men may not seek cosmetic treatments. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate women's perspectives on male cosmetic treatments. METHODS: Heterosexual female patients (single (n = 64); in a relationship/married (IR/M) (n = 136)) completed an online survey. RESULTS: 87.5% of single and 36.03% of IR/M women reported that men are bothered by signs of aging (p < .0001). However, both single and IR/M women reported that men are interested in (single: 77.78%, IR/M: 65.44%) and will benefit (single: 93.55%, IR/M: 67.31%) from cosmetic procedures. Both groups of women (single: 93.75%, IR/M: 83.82%, p < .0530) indicated, however, that men are reluctant to seek cosmetic treatments. Societal stigma/perception of masculinity was the number one cited reason (single: 87.1.75%, IR/M: 73.02%, p < .0264). However, 87.5% of single and 94.86% of IR/M women (p = .0659) reported that male cosmetic treatments will not affect their perceptions of masculinity. Furthermore, 95% of women (single: 95.31%, IR/M: 95.59%, p = .9292) reported that they will support their partners from pursuing cosmetic treatments. CONCLUSION: Women strongly believe that men can benefit from cosmetic treatments, do not believe cosmetic treatments affect masculinity, and are overwhelmingly supportive of male cosmetic treatments.


Assuntos
Atitude , Técnicas Cosméticas/psicologia , Cônjuges , Mulheres/psicologia , Acesso à Informação , Acne Vulgar/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Alopecia/terapia , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/terapia , Feminino , Heterossexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Masculinidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ritidoplastia , Envelhecimento da Pele , Pigmentação da Pele , Estigma Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Homosex ; 68(7): 1144-1168, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629935

RESUMO

This qualitative study critically examined, from an interpretive perspective, 14 life stories of LBTQ Muslim women across North America. This paper explored how LBTQ Muslim women navigated Muslim and LGBTQ hegemonic norms and exclusions as they negotiated and lived out identity intersections. Transnational and critical race feminisms, intersectionality, and critical Islamic liberationist approaches to gender and sexuality framed the project. The study findings suggested that LBTQ Muslim women resisted hegemonic norms by mapping out alternative paths grounded in Islam, and in living out lives in LGBTQ communities. Participants discussed their experiences of being "othered" within LGBTQ communities, how they challenged the notion of a monolithic Islam, how they expanded coming-out frameworks to include their own experiences, as well as how they asserted their own religious agency and resistance. Participants demonstrated that living out an intersectional identity was a complex task where constant negotiations of positionality were transpiring concurrently.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Feminina , Islamismo/psicologia , Religião e Sexo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adulto , Feminino , Homossexualidade Feminina/psicologia , Humanos , América do Norte , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Mulheres/psicologia
7.
J Homosex ; 68(4): 631-646, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439793

RESUMO

Sexual minority women (SMW; e.g., lesbian, bisexual, queer) are at increased risk for heavy/hazardous drinking and marijuana use, which may be exacerbated by stress associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to mitigate its spread (e.g., sheltering at home). To explore their experiences and perceptions of alcohol and marijuana use in the context of COVID-19, qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with a diverse sample of 16 SMW from a longitudinal study who previously reported being at least moderate drinkers to explore their experiences and perceptions of alcohol and marijuana use during the pandemic. We used descriptive phenomenological analysis to explore data from the interviews. Participants described how their alcohol/marijuana use intersected with the complex and changing context of the pandemic, revealing four themes: 1) losing and creating routine; 2) seeking recreation and relief; 3) connecting, reconnecting, and disconnecting; and 4) monitoring alcohol and marijuana use boundaries. Findings highlight the importance of fostering community supports and possible interventions informed by the experiences of SMW.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , COVID-19/psicologia , Homossexualidade Feminina , Uso da Maconha , Pandemias , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Bissexualidade , COVID-19/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Med Care ; 59: S23-S30, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The extent to which female veterans are willing to seek Veterans Health Administration (VHA) and non-VHA care when they are suicidal or experiencing mental health (MH) concerns is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: (1) examine whether current, past, and never VHA using female veterans' willingness to seek VHA care differs from their willingness to seek non-VHA care if suicidal or experiencing MH symptoms; (2) examine if VHA use, military sexual trauma, and suicidal ideation and attempt are associated with female veterans' willingness to use VHA and non-VHA care when experiencing suicidal thoughts or MH symptoms. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional anonymous survey. SUBJECTS: Four hundred thirty nine female veterans, including current, past, and never VHA users were included. MEASURES: General Help-Seeking Questionnaire, Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview, and the VA Military Sexual Trauma Screening Questions. RESULTS: Current VHA users reported more willingness to use VHA than non-VHA care; conversely, past and never VHA users reported less willingness to use VHA care relative to non-VHA care. Military sexual assault and none or past VHA use were associated with lower willingness to use VHA care if suicidal or experiencing MH symptoms. In contrast, those with none or past VHA use reported greater willingness to use non-VHA care if suicidal or experiencing MH symptoms, while prior suicide attempt was associated with lower willingness. CONCLUSIONS: Ensuring that acceptable and effective suicide prevention services are available to female veterans in both VHA and community settings is critical. Increasing help-seeking intentions among female veterans who have attempted suicide or experienced military sexual assault is also essential.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Busca de Ajuda , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Veteranos/psicologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Feminino , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Serviços de Saúde para Veteranos Militares
10.
Med Care ; 59: S58-S64, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicide prevention is a public health priority, but risk factors for suicide after medical hospitalization remain understudied. This problem is critical for women, for whom suicide rates in the United States are disproportionately increasing. OBJECTIVE: To differentiate the risk of suicide attempt and self-harm following general medical hospitalization among women with depression, bipolar disorder, and chronic psychosis. METHODS: We developed a machine learning algorithm that identified risk factors of suicide attempt and self-harm after general hospitalization using electronic health record data from 1628 women in the University of California Los Angeles Integrated Clinical and Research Data Repository. To assess replicability, we applied the algorithm to a larger sample of 140,848 women in the New York City Clinical Data Research Network. RESULTS: The classification tree algorithm identified risk groups in University of California Los Angeles Integrated Clinical and Research Data Repository (area under the curve 0.73, sensitivity 73.4, specificity 84.1, accuracy 0.84), and predictor combinations characterizing key risk groups were replicated in New York City Clinical Data Research Network (area under the curve 0.71, sensitivity 83.3, specificity 82.2, and accuracy 0.84). Predictors included medical comorbidity, history of pregnancy-related mental illness, age, and history of suicide-related behavior. Women with antecedent medical illness and history of pregnancy-related mental illness were at high risk (6.9%-17.2% readmitted for suicide-related behavior), as were women below 55 years old without antecedent medical illness (4.0%-7.5% readmitted). CONCLUSIONS: Prevention of suicide attempt and self-harm among women following acute medical illness may be improved by screening for sex-specific predictors including perinatal mental health history.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Aprendizado de Máquina Supervisionado , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Estudos de Coortes , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
11.
Med Care ; 59: S77-S83, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female veterans experience interpersonal violence (ie, physical and sexual violence) more often than male veterans and nonveteran females. There is limited knowledge of types of interpersonal violence across the lifespan in relation to suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Prior research has also focused on those accessing the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. OBJECTIVE: This study examined if physical and sexual violence at differing time points (ie, premilitary, during military service) were associated with suicidal ideation and a suicide attempt at subsequent time points. We anticipated that violence would be associated with an increased risk of suicidal ideation and attempt; however, given limited prior research, we were uncertain which types of violence and time points would be associated with risk. RESEARCH DESIGN: Data from a cross-sectional national survey. SUBJECTS: A total of 407 female veterans using, formerly using, or who never used VHA care. MEASURES: Suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, physical violence, and sexual violence were assessed. RESULTS: Premilitary sexual, but not physical, violence was associated with military suicidal ideation. Both premilitary and military sexual and physical violence were associated with postmilitary suicidal ideation. Premilitary and military sexual, but not physical, violence were associated with a postmilitary suicide attempt. These results were maintained after accounting for VHA use. A significant model for military suicide attempt was not generated. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of premilitary and military sexual violence among female veterans is warranted within the context of suicide risk assessment and prevention. Preventing sexual violence among female veterans may be important for preventing suicidal ideation and attempt.


Assuntos
Abuso Físico/psicologia , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Veteranos/psicologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
12.
BMJ Glob Health ; 5(Suppl 2)2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436494

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Experiences of care and satisfaction are intrinsically linked, as user's experiences of care may directly impact satisfaction, or indirectly impact user's expectations and values. Both experiences of care and satisfaction are important to measure so that quality can be monitored and improved. Globally, women experience mistreatment during childbirth at facilities; however, there is limited evidence exploring the mistreatment and women's satisfaction with care during childbirth. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey within the WHO study 'How women are treated during facility-based childbirth' exploring the mistreatment of women during childbirth in Ghana, Guinea, Myanmar and Nigeria. Women's experiences of mistreatment and satisfaction with care during childbirth was explored. Multivariable logistic regression modelling was conducted to evaluate the association between mistreatment, women's overall satisfaction with the care they received, and whether they would recommend the facility to others. RESULTS: 2672 women were included in this analysis. Despite over one-third of women reporting experience of mistreatment (35.4%), overall satisfaction for services received and recommendation of the facility to others was high, 88.4% and 90%, respectively. Women who reported experiences of mistreatment were more likely to report lower satisfaction with care: women were more likely to be satisfied if they did not experience verbal abuse (adjusted OR (AOR) 4.52, 95% CI 3.50 to 5.85), or had short waiting times (AOR 5.12, 95% CI 3.94 to 6.65). Women who did not experience any physical or verbal abuse or discrimination were more likely to recommend the facility to others (AOR 3.89, 95% CI 2.98 to 5.06). CONCLUSION: Measuring both women's experiences and their satisfaction with care are critical to assess quality and provide actionable evidence for quality improvement. These measures can enable health systems to identify and respond to root causes contributing to measures of satisfaction.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Parto/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade , Estudos Transversais , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Gana , Guiné , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Materna , Mianmar , Nigéria , Pandemias , Gravidez , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Glob Health Res Policy ; 6(1): 2, 2021 01 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing men's involvement in their pregnant partners' wellness has been reported as one of the ways to improve access to and utilization of maternal health services, including birth preparedness and complication readiness. Men can play meaningful roles in the support systems that pregnant women need to achieve better maternal health outcomes. In Rwanda, the roles that men take vary, resulting in diverse expectations and responsibilities to support the health of women during this critical time. In this study, we aimed to examine the views, perspectives, and experiences of women on men's involvement in maternal health and how this impacts access and utilization of maternal health services. METHODS: We conducted 21 interviews with pregnant and recently-pregnant women to gain an understanding of their views on men's involvement in facilitating their partners' health during pregnancy. Interviews were conducted across five Rwandan districts in both rural and urban settings of the country. Data analysis was guided by a thematic analysis approach. This started with independent transcript review by the investigators, after which a meeting was held to discuss emergent themes and to identify potential codes. A coding scheme was created and transcripts were coded in NVIVO™ software according to conceptual and practical topics that formed an understanding of men's involvement in maternal care. RESULTS: Three key themes emerged during the analytic process that categorize the specific roles that men play in maternal health: 1) facilitating access to maternal health services, which involves assisting women with getting and or attending appointments jointly with men; 2) supporting women's decisions, wherein men can support the decisions women make with regard to their maternal healthcare in a number of ways; and 3) evaluating information, including gathering information from multiple sources, especially from community health workers, to assist women with making informed decisions. CONCLUSION: Rwandan men take on three types of roles in supporting women's maternal health, and their responsibilities are experienced differently by women. Interventions involving men are encouraged to increase their understanding of the implications of their involvement in maternal health without compromising women's autonomy in decision-making and to promote positive maternal health outcomes.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Homens/psicologia , Percepção , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Papel de Gênero , Humanos , Gestantes/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , População Rural , Ruanda , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
14.
Med Anthropol ; 40(1): 64-78, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32698629

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide, and has a high mortality rate in northern Mexico. Its high rates present one of the principal health challenges of the California-Baja California border region. We employed "entangled" ethnography and interpretative phenomenological methods to explore breast cancer experiences among a group of Mexican immigrant women living on the US side of this border. We explore their trajectory from biographical disruption to biographical renewal. The entangled ethnographic approach includes reflections of the first author's experience as a genetic breast cancer survivor.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/etnologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Antropologia Médica , California , Feminino , Humanos , México/etnologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
J Homosex ; 68(1): 47-69, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31188720

RESUMO

Many LGBT people with a Christian upbringing experience conflict between their religious and sexual identities. Many resolve this conflict by leaving Christianity, others by moving to affirming churches. Some research has examined the experiences of LGBT people who choose to attend conservative churches; however, there has been very little research on the experiences of non-heterosexual women in the Catholic Church. Narrative and thematic analyses of data collected through qualitative interviews with six non-heterosexual Catholic women revealed several ways participants had integrated their faith and sexuality: acceptance from other Catholics, distinguishing between the Church and God, meeting other LGBT Christians, and developing a personal relationship with God. These reflect strategies adopted by gay Catholic men and LGBT Christians attending Protestant churches. Nonetheless, participants reported that their experiences varied from those of gay Catholic men due to gay men being more visible and more subject to prejudice within the Church.


Assuntos
Catolicismo , Homossexualidade Feminina , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adulto , Bissexualidade , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Narração , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 33: e224920, 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1279593

RESUMO

Resumo Transição capilar é o processo de abdicação de alisamentos químicos ou físicos dos cabelos, reassumindo suas texturas naturais. A presente pesquisa, de natureza qualitativa, visou a investigar a construção dos sentidos de identidade em mulheres negras que passaram pela transição capilar. Participaram do estudo 12 mulheres negras com idades compreendidas entre 18 e 34 anos. Para a coleta de dados foram utilizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas que foram analisadas através da análise de posicionamento. A transição capilar mudou a forma de posicionamento em relação a si, ao cabelo, à sociedade e à construção da autoimagem. Além de elucidar o processo de reafirmação identitária das interlocutoras, o estudo fomenta a discussão do racismo na sociedade brasileira, ao tratar da desvalorização da estética negra e, por conseguinte, do enaltecimento da branquitude.


Abstract Hair transition is the process of abdicating chemical or physical hair straightening, resuming its natural textures. This qualitative research aimed at investigating the construction of the meanings of identity in black women who went through the hair transition. Twelve black women between the ages of 18 and 34 participated in the study. For the data collection, semi-structured interviews were used and analyzed through the positioning analysis. Hair transition has changed the way of positioning towards itself, hair, society and the construction of self-image. In addition to elucidating the identity affirmation process of the interviewees, the study instigates the discussion of racism in Brazilian society, by dealing with the devaluation of black aesthetics and, therefore, the praise of whiteness.


Resumen La transición capilar es el proceso de abdicar del alisado químico o físico del cabello, retomando sus texturas naturales. La presente investigación, de carácter cualitativo, tuvo como objetivo investigar la construcción de los significados de la identidad en mujeres negras que atravesaron la transición capilar. Participaron del estudio doce mujeres negras de entre 18 y 34 años. Para la recolección de datos se utilizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, las cuales fueron analizadas mediante análisis de posicionamiento. La transición capilar cambió la forma de posicionamiento en relación con una misma, el cabello, la sociedad y la construcción de la autoimagen. Además de dilucidar el proceso de afirmación identitaria de las interlocutoras, el estudio fomenta la discusión del racismo en la sociedad brasileña, al abordar la devaluación de la estética negra y, por tanto, el elogio de la blancura.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Mulheres/psicologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Racismo , Construção Social da Identidade Étnica , Cabelo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Autoimagem , Estética , Narrativa Pessoal
18.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1222461

RESUMO

Introducción: desde el enfoque de género, la prostitución de las mujeres se explica como una expresión del modelo patriarcal. Este enfoque puede aportar elementos sustanciales para la comprensión y el abordaje a la prostitución femenina, de cara a la realidad colombiana, donde se carece de estudios documentales en esta línea conceptual. Método: se realizó un estado del arte de la investigación teórica y aplicada sobre la prostitución femenina, con lectura de género, en el periodo 2010-2019. Resultados: de los estudios analizados, varios situados en Bogotá, se ocupa especialmente la academia. Los autores coinciden en que la prostitución se deriva de la intersección entre desigualdades de género e injusticia social, y causa violencias de género y estigmatización. Políticas sociales para erradicarla, legalización y empoderamiento de las mujeres surgen como opciones para hacerle frente. Conclusión: para nutrir la política pública se requiere avanzar en la comprensión de los aspectos subjetivos implicados en este estilo de vida, profundizar en los discursos, construcciones y significados de género, e incluir la realidad de quienes están inmersas en la modalidad "prepago"


Introduction: According to the gender perspective, the prostitution of women is explained as an expression of the patriarchal model. This approach can provide substantial elements for the understanding and approach to female prostitution, facing the Colombian reality, where there is a lack of documentary studies in this conceptual line. Method: a state of the art of theoretical and applied research on female prostitution was carried out, with a gender reading, in the period 2010-2019, based on 18 studies. Results: Rendering to the studies analyzed, several located in Bogotá, the academy is especially concerned. The authors agree that prostitution stems from the intersection between gender inequalities and social injustice and causes gender violence and stigmatization. Social policies to eradicate it, legalization, and empowerment of women emerge as options to face it. Conclusion: Concerning the above, to nurture public policy, it is necessary to advance in the understanding of the subjective aspects involved in this lifestyle, deepening the discourses, constructions, and gender meanings and including the reality of those who are immersed (women) in the "prepaid" modality


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Trabalho Sexual/psicologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Expressão de Gênero
19.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 32(5): 471-488, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308081

RESUMO

Domestic violence (DV) is a worldwide societal problem affecting victims of all ages. While a sizable body of DV literature primarily surrounding young adults exists, research on DV among older individuals has received less attention. Yet, older non-victims and DV victims alike face unique challenges not experienced by younger age groups, such as socialization favoring traditional values, and loved ones who become unable to care for themselves. Less is known, however, about factors that influence older women's attitudes toward traditional values. Using a sample of women age 50 and older, including both victims and non-victims, the current study addressed this gap in research by examining whether age or the women's loved one's ability to care for themselves have an effect on attitudes toward traditional values. A discussion of the findings is provided, as well as policy implications and suggestions for future research.


Assuntos
Atitude , Cuidadores/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Valores Sociais , Mulheres/psicologia , Idoso , Família , Feminino , Papel de Gênero , Humanos , Casamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Privacidade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374741

RESUMO

Sex- and gender-based health disparities are well established and may be of particular concern for service women. Given that injured service members are at high risk of adverse mental and behavioral health outcomes, it is important to address any such disparities in this group, especially in regard to patient-reported outcomes, as much of the existing research has focused on objective medical records. The current study addressed physical and mental health-related quality of life, mental health symptoms, and health behaviors (i.e., alcohol use, sleep, and physical activity) among a sample of service women injured on deployment. Results indicate that about half of injured service women screened positive for a mental health condition, and also evidenced risky health behaviors including problematic drinking, poor sleep, and physical inactivity. Many of the mental and behavioral health variables demonstrated statistically significant associations with each other, supporting the relationships between psychological health and behaviors. Results provide additional evidence for the importance of access to integrated and effective mental healthcare treatment for injured service women and the need for screening in healthcare settings that address the multiple factors (e.g., mental health symptoms, alcohol use, poor sleep) that may lead to poor outcomes.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Saúde Mental , Militares/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Lesões Relacionadas à Guerra/psicologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Lesões Relacionadas à Guerra/fisiopatologia
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