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1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 375, 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) cause a major public health problem that affect both men and women in developing and developed countries. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of 11 STIs among women who voluntarily participated in the study, while seeking gynecological checkup. The existence of an association between the presence of pathogens and symptoms and various sociodemographic risk factors was assessed. METHODS: A total of 505 vaginal and cervical specimens were collected from women above 18 years of age, with or without symptoms related to gynecological infections. Nucleic acid was extracted and samples were tested by real-time PCR for the following pathogens: Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Urealplasma parvum, Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma girerdii, Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida albicans and Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Positive HPV samples underwent genotyping using a microarray system. RESULTS: Of the 505 samples, 312 (62%) were screened positive for at least one pathogen. Of these, 36% were positive for Gardnerella vaginalis, 35% for Ureaplasma parvum, 8% for Candida albicans, 6.7% for HPV, 4.6% for Ureaplasma urealyticum, 3.6% for Mycoplasma hominis, 2% for Trichomonas vaginalis, 0.8% for Chlamydia trachomatis, 0.4% for Mycoplasma girerdii, 0.2% for Mycoplasma genitalium and 0.2% for Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Lack of symptoms was reported in 187 women (37%), among whom 61% were infected. Thirty-four samples were HPV positive, with 17 high risk HPV genotypes (HR-HPV); the highest rates being recorded for types 16 (38%), 18 (21%) and 51 (18%). Out of the 34 HPV positives, 29 participants had HR-HPV. Association with various risk factors were reported. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study that presents data about the presence of STIs among women in Lebanon and the MENA region by simultaneous detection of 11 pathogens. In the absence of systematic STI surveillance in Lebanon, concurrent screening for HPV and PAP smear is warranted.


Assuntos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Adulto , Colo do Útero/microbiologia , Colo do Útero/parasitologia , Colo do Útero/virologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gardnerella vaginalis/genética , Gardnerella vaginalis/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Líbano/epidemiologia , Masculino , Epidemiologia Molecular , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/genética , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Mycoplasma hominis/genética , Mycoplasma hominis/isolamento & purificação , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/genética , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/isolamento & purificação , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Fatores de Risco , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/microbiologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/parasitologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/virologia , Trichomonas vaginalis/genética , Trichomonas vaginalis/isolamento & purificação , Ureaplasma/genética , Ureaplasma/isolamento & purificação , Vagina/microbiologia , Vagina/parasitologia , Vagina/virologia , Esfregaço Vaginal , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 314, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma genitalium is an emerging sexually transmitted infection, with increasing rates of resistance to fluroquinolones and macrolides, the recommended treatments. Despite this, M. genitalium is not part of routine screening for Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) in many countries and the prevalence of infection and patterns of disease remain to be determined in many populations. Such data is of particular importance in light of the reported rise in antibiotic resistance in M. genitalium isolates. METHODS: Urine and urethral swab samples were collected from the primary public sexual health clinic in Singapore and tested for C. trachomatis (CT) or N. gonorrhoeae (NG) infection and for the presence of M. genitalium. Antibiotic resistance in M. genitalium strains detected was determined by screening for genomic mutations associated with macrolide and fluroquinolone resistance. RESULTS: We report the results of a study into M. genitalium prevalence at the national sexual health clinic in Singapore. M. genitalium was heavily associated with CT infection (8.1% of cases), but present in only of 2.4% in CT negative cases and not independently linked to NG infection. Furthermore, we found high rates of resistance mutations to both macrolides (25%) and fluoroquinolones (37.5%) with a majority of resistant strains being dual-resistant. Resistance mutations were only found in strains from patients with CT co-infection. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support targeted screening of CT positive patients for M. genitalium as a cost-effective strategy to reduce the incidence of M. genitalium in the absence of comprehensive routine screening. The high rate of dual resistance also highlights the need to ensure the availability of alternative antibiotics for the treatment of multi-drug resistant M. genitalium isolates.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/diagnóstico , Chlamydia trachomatis/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Mycoplasma genitalium/efeitos dos fármacos , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Chlamydia/complicações , Infecções por Chlamydia/tratamento farmacológico , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacologia , Fluoroquinolonas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Macrolídeos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/complicações , Infecções por Mycoplasma/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/genética , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Prevalência , RNA Ribossômico 23S/química , RNA Ribossômico 23S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 23S/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Singapura/epidemiologia , Uretra/microbiologia
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 110, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionally affected by sexually transmitted infections (STI). STI are often extragenital and asymptomatic. Both can delay diagnosis and treatment. Approval of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) might have influenced sexual behaviour and STI-prevalence of HIV- MSM. We estimated STI-prevalence and risk factors amongst HIV- and HIV+ MSM in Germany to plan effective interventions. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide, cross-sectional study between February and July 2018. Thirteen MSM-friendly STI-practices screened MSM for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), Neisseria gonorrhea (NG), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) using self-collected rectal and pharyngeal swabs, and urine samples. APTIMA™ STI-assays (Hologic™ Inc., San Diego, USA) were used for diagnostics, and samples were not pooled. We collected information on socio-demographics, HIV-status, clinical symptoms, sexual behaviour within the last 6 months, and PrEP use. We combined HIV status and PrEP use for defining risk groups, and used directed acyclic graphs and multivariable logistic regression to identify risk factors for STI. RESULTS: Two thousand three hundred three MSM were included: 50.5% HIV+, median age 39 [18-79] years. Median number of male sex partners within the last 6 months was five. Sex without condom was reported by 73.6%, use of party drugs by 44.6%. 80.3% had a STI history, 32.2% of STI+ MSM reported STI-related symptoms. 27.6% of HIV- MSM used PrEP. Overall STI-prevalence was 30.1, 25.0% in HIV-/PrEP- MSM (CT:7.2%; MG:14.2%; NG:7.4%; TV:0%), 40.3% in HIV-/PrEP+ MSM (CT:13.8%; MG:19.4%; NG:14.8%; TV:0.4%), and 30.8% in HIV+ MSM (CT:10.1%; MG:18.4%; NG:8.6%; TV:0.1%). Being HIV+ (OR 1.7, 95%-CI 1.3-2.2), using PrEP (OR 2.0, 95%-CI 1.5-2.7), having > 5 sex partners (OR:1.65; 95%-CI:1.32-2.01.9), having condomless sex (OR:2.11.9; 95%-CI:1.65-2.86), and using party drugs (OR:1.65; 95%-CI:1.32-2.0) were independent risk factors for being tested positive for at least one STI. CONCLUSIONS: We found a high STI-prevalence in MSM in Germany, especially in PrEP users, frequently being asymptomatic. As a relevant proportion of PrEP users will not use a condom, counselling and comprehensive STI screening is essential and should be low threshold and preferably free of cost. Counselling of PrEP users should also address use of party drugs.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Gonorreia/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/genética , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/genética , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , Preservativos , Aconselhamento , Estudos Transversais , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Gonorreia/diagnóstico , Gonorreia/microbiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/isolamento & purificação , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Med Microbiol ; 69(2): 244-248, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958047

RESUMO

Introduction. Mycoplasma genitalium is a sexually transmitted organism with high levels of resistance to the recommended first-line therapy, azithromycin. The ResistancePlus MG test concurrently detects M. genitalium, and the presence of macrolide-resistance mutations (MRM). European, UK and Australian guidelines recommend a diagnostic test that reports MRM to optimize treatment through resistance-guided therapy. Hence, for samples collected for use on other platforms, reflex testing using the ResistancePlus MG test would be beneficial.Aim. To validate the ResistancePlus MG assay using samples collected in Aptima buffer for testing on the Hologic Panther.Methodology. Positive (n=99) and negative (n=229) clinical samples collected in Aptima buffer were extracted on the MagNA Pure 96 (Roche Diagnostics), and tested with the ResistancePlus MG test on the LightCycler 480 II (Roche Diagnostics). Results were compared to matched samples collected using standard sample collection (urine or swab resuspended in PBS), with positive percent agreement (PPA), negative percent agreement (NPA) and Cohen's Kappa statistic.Results. The ResistancePlus MG test had high performance with a 200 µl input volume (PPA/NPA for M. genitalium detection, 92.9 % [95 % confidence interval (CI): 85.5-96.9]/100 % [95 % CI: 97.9-100], MRM detection, 96.9 % [95 % CI: 88.2-99.5]/85.7 % [95 % CI: 66.4-95.3]) and for 1 ml input volume (PPA/NPA for M. genitalium detection, 95.9%/96.6%, MRM detection, 98.4%/90.3%). Samples remained positive after storage at room temperature beyond the manufacturer-recommended storage of <60 days (mean storage time for 1 ml extraction: 129 days).Conclusion. Samples collected using Aptima collection kits are suitable for reflex testing using the ResistancePlus MG test, allowing detection of macrolide resistance.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/métodos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Infecções por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/efeitos dos fármacos , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Austrália , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/instrumentação , Humanos , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Mycoplasma genitalium/genética , Kit de Reagentes para Diagnóstico , Manejo de Espécimes
7.
Sex Transm Infect ; 96(1): 10-18, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217322

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There are limited data on the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium (Mgen) coinfection with rectal chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis (CT)) and rectal gonorrhoea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG)) infections and few studies examining the prevalence of pharyngeal Mgen in men who have sex with men (MSM). Using transcription-mediated amplification assay, this study aimed to determine the proportion of rectal CT and rectal NG infections in MSM who are coinfected with rectal Mgen, and the proportion of MSM with Mgen detected in the pharynx in order to inform clinical practice. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Melbourne Sexual Health Centre in Australia. Consecutively collected rectal swabs from MSM that tested positive for CT (n=212) or NG (n=212), and consecutively collected pharyngeal samples (n=480) from MSM were tested for Mgen using the Aptima Mycoplasma genitalium Assay (Hologic, San Diego). Samples were linked to demographic data and symptom status. RESULTS: Rectal Mgen was codetected in 27 of 212 rectal CT (13%, 95% CI 9 to 18) and in 29 of 212 rectal NG (14%, 95% CI 9 to 19) samples, with no difference in the proportion positive for Mgen. MSM with rectal CT/Mgen coinfection had more sexual partners than those with rectal CT monoinfection (mean 6 vs 11, p=0.06). MSM with rectal NG/Mgen coinfection were more likely to be HIV-positive than those with rectal NG monoinfection (OR=2.96, 95% CI 1.21 to 7.26, p=0.023). MSM with rectal CT/Mgen coinfection were more likely to be using pre-exposure prophylaxis than MSM with rectal NG/Mgen coinfection (OR 0.25, 95% CI 0.10 to 0.65, p=0.002). Pharyngeal Mgen was uncommon and detected in 8 of 464 samples (2%, 95% CI 1% to 3%). Pharyngeal Mgen was associated with having a rectal STI (OR=10.61, 95% CI 2.30 to 48.87, p=0.002), and there was a borderline association with being HIV-positive (p=0.079). CONCLUSION: These data indicate one in seven MSM treated for rectal CT or rectal NG will have undiagnosed Mgen that is potentially exposed to azithromycin during treatment of these STIs. Rectal Mgen coinfection was associated with specific risk factors which may inform testing practices. Pharyngeal Mgen was uncommon.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Doenças Retais/epidemiologia , Reto/microbiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Austrália/epidemiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/microbiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/classificação , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/microbiologia , Estudos Transversais , Gonorreia/epidemiologia , Gonorreia/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/classificação , Mycoplasma genitalium/genética , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/classificação , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/genética , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/isolamento & purificação , Faringe/microbiologia , Doenças Retais/microbiologia , Comportamento Sexual , Adulto Jovem
10.
Enferm. infecc. microbiol. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 37(10): 661-667, dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189594

RESUMO

La cervicitis es un cuadro de inflamación del cuello uterino. Suele ser causada por un agente infeccioso, generalmente de transmisión sexual. Frecuentemente es asintomática, y la infección silente puede originar complicaciones del tracto genital superior. Los síntomas suelen ser inespecíficos, y los más significativos son aumento del flujo vaginal y/o sangrado intermenstrual. Para su diagnóstico existen sistemas comerciales basados en técnicas moleculares que incluyen la casi totalidad de los patógenos conocidos asociados a cervicitis, aunque los cultivos no deben abandonarse por la necesidad de realizar estudios de sensibilidad a los antibióticos. Se recomienda iniciar un tratamiento empírico que incluya C.trachomatis y N. gonorrhoeae en el caso de mujeres con elevado riesgo de infección por dichos patógenos, sobre todo si el seguimiento no está asegurado o no se dispone de pruebas diagnósticas adecuadas. En mujeres con bajo riesgo el tratamiento deberá ajustarse a los resultados de las pruebas microbiológicas


Cervicitis is the inflammation of the cervix. It is usually caused by an infectious agent, usually sexually transmitted. Cervicitis is frequently asymptomatic and silent infection can cause complications of the upper genital tract. The symptoms are usually nonspecific, the most significant being an increase in vaginal discharge and/or intermenstrual bleeding. For its diagnosis, there are commercial systems based on molecular techniques that include almost all of the known pathogens associated with cervicitis, although cultures should not be abandoned due to the need to conduct studies of susceptibility to antibiotics. It is recommended to initiate an empirical antibiotic therapy that covers C.trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae in the case of women at high risk of infection by these pathogens, especially if the follow-up is not assured or adequate diagnostic tests are not available. In women with low risk of sexually transmitted infection, antibiotic therapy should be adjusted to the results of the microbiological results


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Cervicite Uterina/etiologia , Cervicite Uterina/diagnóstico , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Cervicite Uterina/terapia , Técnicas Microbiológicas/métodos , Colo do Útero/anatomia & histologia , Colo do Útero/microbiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Herpes Simples/microbiologia
11.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 167(6): 795-800, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656005

RESUMO

We performed an electron microscopic study of samples of urethral polyps obtained from 90 women (mean age 52.5±4.9 years). According to PCR and culture studies, the most common infectious agent in patients with urethral polyps is U. urealyticum (100% cases). In 70% cases, this infectious agent was present as monoinfection, of these, clinically significant concentration (>106 CFU/ml) were found in 53.3% cases. In 30% cases, associations with C. trachomatis, T. vaginalis, and M. genitalium were found. We observed significant ultrastructural heterogeneity of the epithelial cells in urethral polyps, which manifested in a combination of hyperplastic and metaplastic changes and signs of cytodestruction. Detection of mycoplasma-like bodies in connective tissue mononuclear cells and viral particles in epithelial cells during ultrastructural study, including cases with negative PCR results, indicates the pathogenetic role of latent infection in the formation of urethral polyps.


Assuntos
Pólipos/complicações , Pólipos/patologia , Neoplasias Uretrais/complicações , Neoplasias Uretrais/patologia , Infecções Urinárias/complicações , Urotélio/ultraestrutura , Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/patologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/patologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/genética , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Pólipos/epidemiologia , Pólipos/ultraestrutura , Tricomoníase/epidemiologia , Tricomoníase/patologia , Trichomonas vaginalis/genética , Trichomonas vaginalis/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Ureaplasma/epidemiologia , Infecções por Ureaplasma/patologia , Ureaplasma urealyticum/genética , Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Uretrais/complicações , Doenças Uretrais/epidemiologia , Doenças Uretrais/microbiologia , Doenças Uretrais/patologia , Neoplasias Uretrais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Uretrais/ultraestrutura , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia , Urotélio/microbiologia , Urotélio/patologia
14.
Enferm. infecc. microbiol. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 37(8): 525-534, oct. 2019. graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189380

RESUMO

El incremento en las infecciones de transmisión sexual por Chlamydia trachomatis, incluyendo el linfogranuloma venéreo, y Mycoplasma genitalium registrado en la última década plantea nuevos retos para mejorar su control y reforzar su prevención. El diagnóstico clínico habitual (uretritis/cervicitis) debe completarse con una búsqueda activa de la infección en varones con disuria o proctitis, mujeres con enfermedad inflamatoria pélvica y contactos asintomáticos. El diagnóstico microbiológico debe basarse en técnicas moleculares, capaces de detectar Chlamydia trachomatis (diferenciando el genotipo L para linfogranuloma venéreo) y Mycoplasma genitalium (incluyendo idealmente la detección de cepas resistentes a macrólidos). Un diagnóstico más rápido y específico permitirá un tratamiento dirigido con la pauta antibiótica idónea. El manejo de estas infecciones de transmisión sexual debe incluir un estudio de los contactos sexuales y en ocasiones un test de cura. Finalmente, deben ser valorados los cribados de infección en grupos de población con mayor prevalencia


Sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, including lymphogranuloma venereum and Mycoplasma genitalium have increased in last decade. This epidemiological scenario presents new challenges in order to improve and strengthen our control and prevention strategies. The routine clinical diagnosis of urethritis and cervicitis must be combined with the active search for the causal agent in men with symptoms of dysuria or proctitis, and in women with pelvic inflammatory disease. We should also include sexually transmitted infections screening in asymptomatic patients with sexual risk behaviours or sexual contact with patients diagnosed with an sexually transmitted infection. The microbiological diagnosis must be based on molecular techniques capable of detecting Chlamydia trachomatis (discriminating between L genotypes associated with lymphogranuloma venereum and other genotypes) and Mycoplasma genitalium (ideally including the identification of macrolide-resistant strains). A faster and specific diagnosis will allow for a targeted treatment with a suitable antibiotic regimen. We also recommend including contact tracing of sexual partners and, occasionally, a cure test. Finally, sexually transmitted infection screening must be widely implemented in those population groups with a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Infecções por Chlamydia/microbiologia , Linfogranuloma Venéreo/microbiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Chlamydia/diagnóstico , Mycoplasma genitalium/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/microbiologia
17.
Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol ; 2019: 8639510, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379424

RESUMO

Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. Genital self-sampling may facilitate the screening of STIs in hard-to-reach remote populations far from large health care centers and may increase screening rates. The cross-sectional GYNAUTO-STI study was carried out to assess the performance of a novel genital veil (V-Veil-Up Gyn Collection Device, V-Veil-Up Pharma, Ltd., Nicosia, Cyprus) as a genital self-sampling device to collect genital secretions to diagnose STIs by molecular biology as compared to reference clinician-collected genital specimens, in adult African women. Methods: Adult women living in N'Djamena, the capital city of Chad, were recruited from the community and referred to the clinic for women's sexual health "La Renaissance Plus". A clinician obtained an endocervical specimen using flocked swab. Genital secretions were also obtained by self-collection using veil. Both clinician- and self-collected specimens were tested for common curable STIs (including Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Trichomonas vaginalis) and genital Mycoplasma spp. by multiplex real-time PCR (Allplex™ STI Essential Assay, Seegene, Seoul, South Korea). Test positivities for both collection methods were compared by assessing methods agreement, sensitivity, and specificity. Results: A total of 251 women (mean age, 35.1 years) were prospectively enrolled. Only seven (2.8%) women were found to be infected with at least one common STIs [C. trachomatis: 3 (1.2%), N. gonorrhoeae: 1 (0.4%), M. genitalium: 4 (1.6%) and T. vaginalis: 1 (0.4%)], while the prevalence of genital mycoplasmas was much higher (54.2%) with a predominance of Ureaplasma parvum (42.6%). Self-collection by veil was non-inferior to clinician-based collection for genital microorganisms DNA molecular testing, with "almost perfect" agreement between both methods, high sensitivity (97.0%; 95%CI: 92.5-99.2%), and specificity (88.0%; 95%CI: 80.7-93.3%). Remarkably, the mean total number of genital microorganisms detected per woman was 1.14-fold higher in self-collected specimens compared to that in clinician-collected specimens. Conclusions: Veil-based self-collection of female genital secretions constitutes a convenient tool to collect in gentle way cervicovaginal secretions for accurate molecular detection of genital bacteria. Such sampling procedure could be easily implemented in STIs clinics in sub-Saharan Africa.


Assuntos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/microbiologia , Manejo de Espécimes/instrumentação , Adolescente , Adulto , África ao Sul do Saara/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Enferm. infecc. microbiol. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 37(6): 394-397, jun.-jul. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189346

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar la susceptibilidad de Mycoplasma genitalium a macrólidos y fluoroquinolonas mediante técnicas moleculares. MÉTODOS: La susceptibilidad a macrólidos se analizó (Gipuzkoa, 2014-2017) mediante PCR en tiempo real con sondas (gen 23S ARNr) y a fluoroquinolonas mediante secuenciación tras PCR convencionales (genes parC/gyrA). RESULTADOS: Se detectaron mutaciones asociadas con resistencia a macrólidos en 43/263 (16,3%) casos y con posible resistencia a fluoroquinolonas en 21/267 (7,9%). La resistencia a macrólidos fue más frecuente tras tratamiento previo con azitromicina (76,5 vs. 7,4%; p < 0,001) y con la pauta única de 1 g (31,3 vs. 7% pauta ampliada, p < 0,001). Se detectaron 5/245 (2%) casos con mutaciones de posible resistencia para ambos antibióticos. CONCLUSIONES: La técnica empleada para el estudio de la susceptibilidad de Mycoplasma genitalium a la azitromicina permitió una respuesta rápida con un tratamiento antibiótico dirigido. Moxifloxacino puede ser una buena alternativa en casos con resistencia a macrólidos


INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to analyse the susceptibility of Mycoplasma genitalium to macrolides and fluoroquinolones using molecular techniques. METHODS: Susceptibility to macrolides was tested (Gipuzkoa, 2014-2017) by a rapid probe-based real-time polymerase chain reaction assay (23S rRNA gene) and to fluoroquinolones by sequencing the parC and gyrA genes. RESULTS: Mutations associated with macrolide resistance were detected in 43/263 (16.3%) cases and potential fluoroquinolone resistance in 21/267 (7.9%). Macrolide resistance was more frequent in patients previously treated with azithromycin (76.5% vs 7.4%, P < .001) as well as in those treated with a single 1g dose (31.3%) vs the extended regimen (7%, P < .001). There were 5/245 (2%) cases with mutations probably associated with resistance to both antibiotics. CONCLUSIONS: The technique used for testing Mycoplasma genitalium susceptibility to azithromycin allowed the rapid implementation of resistance-guided antibiotic therapy. Moxifloxacin could be a good option in cases of macrolide resistance


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacocinética , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Mycoplasma/tratamento farmacológico , Mutação , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Macrolídeos/uso terapêutico , Mycoplasma genitalium/efeitos dos fármacos , Azitromicina/administração & dosagem , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Técnicas Microbiológicas/métodos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia
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