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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 229-238, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We previously reported the potential of aminonaphthoquinone derivatives as therapeutic agents against breast and other oestrogen-responsive tumours when combined with curcumin. This study aimed at screening of novel aminonaphthoquinone derivatives (Rau 008, Rau 010, Rau 015 and Rau 018) combined with curcumin for cytotoxic, anti-angiogenic and anti-metastatic effects on MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxic and anti-angiogenic effects were analysed using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; while anti-metastatic effects were measured using adhesion assay, Boyden chambers and Matrigel. RESULTS: Curcumin combined with Rau 008 elicited marked cytotoxic effects in MCF-7 cells compared with the individual treatments, whereas when it was combined with Rau 015 and with Rau 018, it displayed similar effects in MDA-MB-231 cells. The anti-angiogenic effect of Rau 015 plus curcumin in MCF-7 cells and Rau 018 plus curcumin in MDA-MB-231 cells was more effective than individual treatments, while the metastatic capability of MDA-MB-231 cells was significantly reduced after treatment with the aminonaphthoquinone-curcumin combinations. CONCLUSION: Aminonaphthoquinones may offer significant promise as therapeutic agents against breast cancer, particularly when combined with curcumin.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Progressão da Doença , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Curcumina/química , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Naftoquinonas/química , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
2.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 68(1): 46-57, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902901

RESUMO

Over the past decade, a number of new 1,4-naphthoquinones have been isolated from natural sources and new 1,4-naphthoquinones with diverse structural features have been synthesized. Cardioprotective, anti-ischemic, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective and some other new properties were found for these compounds; their role in protecting against neurodegenerative diseases has been established. Their anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antitumor activities have been studied in more detail; new, previously unknown intracellular molecular targets and mechanisms of action have been discovered. Some compounds of this class are already being used as a medicinal drugs and some substances can be used as biochemical tools and probes for non-invasive detection of pathological areas in cells and tissues in myocardial infarction and neurodegenerative diseases using modern molecular imaging techniques.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Naftoquinonas/química , Substâncias Protetoras/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Trypanosoma/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(98): 14729-14732, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690911

RESUMO

A palladium-promoted oxidative annulation reaction for the synthesis of structurally diverse naphthoquinone-containing heterocycles has been developed, providing switchable access to 1,2-naphthofuroquinones and densely functionalized cyclobutene-fused 1,4-naphthofuroquinones by selective enol/enolate-directed processes. The synthetic application was extended by late-stage functionalization of an anti-HIV drug. The practical value of 1,2-naphthofuroquinone synthesis was highlighted in endothelial protective lead compound development.


Assuntos
Naftoquinonas/química , Paládio/química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/síntese química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Catálise , Ciclização , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Naftoquinonas/síntese química , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Oxirredução
4.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(10): 1072-1075, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582627

RESUMO

Shikonin, a natural naphthoquinone, has attracted much attention due to its various biological activities. Two shikonin glucosides, shikonin-1',8-di-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (1) and shikonin-1'-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (2), were biosynthesized through in vitro enzymatic glycosylation and their structures were elucidated using spectroscopic techniques. The water-solubility and stability of compounds 1 and 2 were significantly higher than those of the parent compound. Furthermore, compound 2 showed moderate cytotoxicity against six cancer cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 36.10 to 67.47 µM. This research indicated that in vitro enzymatic glycosylation of shikonin is an effective strategy to improve it water solubility and chemical stability.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Glucosídeos/biossíntese , Glicosiltransferases/metabolismo , Naftoquinonas/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Glicosilação , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Estrutura Molecular , Naftoquinonas/química , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Temperatura Ambiente
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111719, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563013

RESUMO

Cell division cycle 25 (Cdc25) and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7 (MKK7) are enzymes involved in intracellular signaling but can also contribute to tumorigenesis. We synthesized and characterized the biological activity of 1,4-naphthoquinones structurally similar to reported Cdc25 and(or) MKK7 inhibitors with anticancer activity. Compound 7 (3-[(1,4-dioxonaphthalen-2-yl)sulfanyl]propanoic acid) exhibited high binding affinity for MKK7 (Kd = 230 nM), which was greater than the affinity of NSC 95397 (Kd = 1.1 µM). Although plumbagin had a lower binding affinity for MKK7, this compound and sulfur-containing derivatives 4 and 6-8 were potent inhibitors of Cdc25A and Cdc25B. Derivative 22e containing a phenylamino side chain was selective for MKK7 versus MKK4 and Cdc25 A/B, and its isomer 22f was a selective inhibitor of Cdc25 A/B. Docking studies performed on several naphthoquinones highlighted interesting aspects concerning the molecule orientation and hydrogen bonding interactions, which could help to explain the activity of the compounds toward MKK7 and Cdc25B. The most potent naphthoquinone-based inhibitors of MKK7 and/or Cdc25 A/B were also screened for their cytotoxicity against nine cancer cell lines and primary human mononuclear cells, and a correlation was found between Cdc25 A/B inhibitory activity and cytotoxicity of the compounds. Quantum chemical calculations using BP86 and ωB97X-D3 functionals were performed on 20 naphthoquinone derivatives to obtain a set of molecular electronic properties and to correlate these properties with cytotoxic activities. Systematic theoretical DFT calculations with subsequent correlation analysis indicated that energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital E(LUMO), vertical electron affinity (VEA), and reactivity index ω of these molecules were important characteristics related to their cytotoxicity. The reactivity index ω was also a key characteristic related to Cdc25 A/B phosphatase inhibitory activity. Thus, 1,4-naphthoquinones displaying sulfur-containing and phenylamino side chains with additional polar groups could be successfully utilized for further development of efficacious Cdc25 A/B and MKK7 inhibitors with anticancer activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Inibidores Enzimáticos , MAP Quinase Quinase 7/antagonistas & inibidores , Naftoquinonas , Fosfatases cdc25/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Naftoquinonas/síntese química , Naftoquinonas/química , Naftoquinonas/metabolismo , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia
6.
Phytochemistry ; 168: 112116, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513947

RESUMO

Endophytic fungi are microorganisms located in the inter- or intracellular compartments of plant tissues but with no harmful effects. They are considered a potential source of biological compounds. The present study was conducted to investigate the molecular identification of endophytic fungi isolated from the roots of Lithospermum officinale and their potential production of shikonin. Phylogenetic analysis was performed based on the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) region and the isolates were classified into five genera as follows: Alternaria, Chaetosphaeronema, Fusarium, Mucor, and Trichoderma. The study on the methanol extracts of endophytic fungi indicated that total polyphenol content had a positive relationship with antioxidant activities and the highest antioxidant activity belonged to the methanol extracts of Fusarium tricinctum and Alternaria altenata. Then, to investigate the ability of the fungal isolates to produce shikonin, a naphthoquinone compound with high biological activity, the extracts were subjected to HPLC. The results obtained from HPLC-mass spectrometry showed that shikonin could be produced only by F. tricinctum. Thus, F. tricinctum isolated from the roots of L. officinale can be presented as a new source of shikonin.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Endófitos/química , Lithospermum/microbiologia , Naftoquinonas/isolamento & purificação , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/antagonistas & inibidores , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Naftoquinonas/química , Filogenia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Picratos/antagonistas & inibidores , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(34): 30551-30565, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397998

RESUMO

Amplifying intracellular oxidative stress effectively destroys cancer cells. In addition, iron-mediated Fenton reaction converts endogenous H2O2 to produce hypertoxic hydroxyl radical (•OH), resulting in irreversible oxidative damage to combat tumor cells. This method is known as chemodynamic therapy (CDT). Overexpressed glutathione (GSH) in tumor cells efficiently scavenges •OH, significantly reducing the curative effects of CDT. To overcome this challenge and enhance intracellular oxidative stress, iron oxide nanocarriers loaded with ß-lapachone (Lapa) drugs (Fe3O4-HSA@Lapa) were constructed and had both Fenton-like agents and GSH depletion properties to amplify intracellular oxidative stress. Release of Lapa selectively increases tumor site-specific generation of H2O2 via NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) catalysis. Subsequently, the iron ions released from the ionization of Fe3O4 in the acidic environment selectively convert H2O2 into highly toxic •OH by Fenton reaction, dramatically improving CDT with minimal systemic toxicity due to low NQO1 expression in normal tissues. Meanwhile, released Lapa consumes GSH in the tumor, amplifying oxidative stress and enhancing the efficacy of CDT. Designed Fe3O4-HSA@Lapa nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit perfect targeting capability, prolonged blood circulation, and increased tumor accumulation. Furthermore, Fe3O4-HSA@Lapa NPs effectively enhance the inhibition of tumor growth and reduce the side effects of anticancer drugs. This work establishes a remarkably enhanced tumor-selective CDT against NQO1-overexpressing tumors by significantly inducing intratumoral oxidative stress with minimal side effects.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Naftoquinonas , Neoplasias Experimentais , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Radical Hidroxila/metabolismo , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Naftoquinonas/química , Naftoquinonas/farmacocinética , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
8.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(8): 775-777, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366826

RESUMO

Nocardia is a potent bacterial producer of bioactive compounds. From a culture of Nocardia beijingensis NBRC 16342, we isolated four aromatic compounds, named beijinchromes A-D (1-4). We purified them by silica gel chromatography and reverse phase HPLC, and identified their structures by NMR and high resolution (HR)-MS analyses. 1, 2, and 4 are novel 1,2,3,8-tetrasubstituted naphthalenes, and 3 is a novel 3,8-disubstituted ortho-naphthoquinone. 1 and 2 exert antioxidant activities, and 3 exhibits antibiotic activity. Remarkably, the putative biosynthetic gene clusters for 1-4 are widely distributed in 37 Nocardia species, implying their potential to produce this family of compounds and important biological functions of beijinchromes.


Assuntos
Naftalenos/química , Naftoquinonas/química , Nocardia/química , Estrutura Molecular , Naftalenos/isolamento & purificação , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Naftoquinonas/isolamento & purificação , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Estereoisomerismo
9.
Food Chem ; 301: 125279, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377612

RESUMO

The objective of this work was to analyse the antiradical capacity of juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4,-naphthoquinone). The influence of oxidation and reduction on juglone was investigated using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), as well as spectrophotometric based methods. The role of juglone in oxidation processes, as either an antioxidant in browning reactions, was examined. These processes are characterized by a high chemical reactivity in redox. Juglone is irreversibly oxidized in at least one electrode step and reduced quasi-reversibly in at least three electrode steps. These results demonstrate that walnut genotypes have different radical scavenging powers. In addition, on the basis of thermogravimetry, it was demonstrated that 5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione has high thermal stability above 500 °C. The generation of reactive oxygen species and activity in redox processes show the properties of naphthoquinones that render these compounds interesting leads for the development of novel biomolecules for potential use in various therapeutic settings.


Assuntos
Naftoquinonas/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Eletroquímica , Juglans/química , Naftoquinonas/análise , Oxirredução
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(14)2019 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337149

RESUMO

Penicillium italicum is the principal pathogen causing blue mold of citrus. Searching for novel antifungal agents is an important aspect of the post-harvest citrus industry because of the lack of higher effective and low toxic antifungal agents. Herein, the effects of 2-methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (MNQ) on P. italicum and its mechanism were carried out by a series of methods. MNQ had a significant anti-P. italicum effect with an MIC value of 5.0 µg/mL. The label-free protein profiling under different MNQ conditions identified a total of 3037 proteins in the control group and the treatment group. Among them, there were 129 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs, up-regulated > 2.0-fold or down-regulated < 0.5-fold, p < 0.05), 19 up-regulated proteins, 26 down-regulated proteins, and 67 proteins that were specific for the treatment group and another 17 proteins that were specific for the control group. Of these, 83 proteins were sub-categorized into 23 hierarchically-structured GO classifications. Most of the identified DEPs were involved in molecular function (47%), meanwhile 27% DEPs were involved in the cellular component and 26% DEPs were involved in the biological process. Twenty-eight proteins identified for differential metabolic pathways by KEGG were sub-categorized into 60 classifications. Functional characterization by GO and KEGG enrichment results suggests that the DEPs are mainly related to energy generation (mitochondrial carrier protein, glycoside hydrolase, acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, and ribulose-phosphate 3-epimerase), NADPH supply (enolase, pyruvate carboxylase), oxidative stress (catalase, glutathione synthetase), and pentose phosphate pathway (ribulose-phosphate 3-epimerase and xylulose 5-phosphate). Three of the down-regulated proteins selected randomly the nitro-reductase family protein, mono-oxygenase, and cytochrome P450 were verified using parallel reaction monitoring. These findings illustrated that MNQ may inhibit P. italicum by disrupting the metabolic processes, especially in energy metabolism and stimulus response that are both critical for the growth of the fungus. In conclusion, based on the molecular mechanisms, MNQ can be developed as a potential anti-fungi agent against P. italicum.


Assuntos
Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Penicillium/efeitos dos fármacos , Penicillium/metabolismo , Proteoma , Proteômica , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Ontologia Genética , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Naftoquinonas/química , Penicillium/genética , Proteômica/métodos
11.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(3): 2571-2582, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322207

RESUMO

1,4­Naphthoquinone derivatives have superior anticancer effects, but their use has been severely limited in clinical practice due to adverse side effects. To reduce the side effects and extend the anticancer effects of 1,4­naphthoquinone derivatives, 2­(butane­1­sulfinyl)­1,4­naphthoquinone (BQ) and 2­(octane­1­sulfinyl)­1,4­naphthoquinone (OQ) were synthesized, and their anticancer activities were investigated. The anti­proliferation effects, determined by MTT assays, showed that BQ and OQ significantly inhibited the viability of gastric cancer cells and had no significant cytotoxic effect on normal cell lines. The apoptotic effect was determined by flow cytometry, and the results showed that BQ and OQ induced cell apoptosis by regulating the mitochondrial pathway and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase via inhibition of the Akt signaling pathway in AGS cells. Furthermore, BQ and OQ significantly increased the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and this effect was blocked by the ROS scavenger NAC in AGS cells. BQ and OQ induced apoptosis by upregulating the protein expression of p38 and JNK and downregulating the levels of ERK and STAT3. Furthermore, expression levels of these proteins were also blocked after NAC treatment. These results demonstrated that BQ and OQ induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase in AGS cells by stimulating ROS generation, which caused subsequent activation of MAPK, Akt and STAT3 signaling pathways. Thus, BQ and OQ may serve as potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of human gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/química , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Naftoquinonas/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
12.
Molecules ; 24(12)2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197105

RESUMO

Molecular hybridization has proven to be a successful multi-target strategy in the design and development of new antitumor agents. Based on this rational approach, we have planned hybrid molecules containing covalently linked pharmacophoric units, present individually in compounds acting as inhibitors of the cancer protein targets tubulin, human topoisomerase II and ROCK1. Seven new molecules, selected by docking calculation of the complexes with each of the proteins taken into consideration, have been efficiently synthesized starting from 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphtoquinone or 6,7-dichloro-5,8-quinolinquinone. By screening the full National Cancer Institute (NCI) panel, including 60 human cancer cell lines, four molecules displayed good and sometimes better growth inhibition GI50 than the ROCK inhibitor Y-27632, the Topo II inhibitor podophyllotoxin and the tubulin inhibitor combretastatin A-4. The relative position of N,N heteroatoms in the structures of the tested compounds was crucial in affecting bioactivity and selectivity. Furthermore, compound 3 (2-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl)-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenoxy)naphthalene-1,4-dione) emerged as the most active in the series, showing a potent and selective inhibition of breast cancer BT-549 cells (GI50 < 10 nM).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Amidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/química , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/genética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Naftoquinonas/síntese química , Naftoquinonas/química , Neoplasias/genética , Podofilotoxina/farmacologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Quinolinas/síntese química , Quinolinas/química , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/síntese química , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/química , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Quinases Associadas a rho/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinases Associadas a rho/química , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(26): 7378-7389, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184118

RESUMO

The molecular mechanism of Juglone-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human endometrial cancer cells was investigated. Juglone was purified from the green husk of Carya cathayensis Sarg and identified by HPLC, LC-MS/MS, and NMR. At an IC50 of 20.81 µM, juglone significantly inhibited Ishikawa cell proliferation, as shown by S phase arrest mediated by inactivation of cyclin A protein ( p < 0.05). The ROS levels increased significantly after exposure to juglone, which paralleled increases in the mRNA and protein expression of p21 and decreases in the levels of CDK2, cdc25A, CHK1, and cyclin A. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL was significantly down-regulated, whereas the expression of Bax, Bad and cyto c was up-regulated, and we later confirmed the involvement of the mitochondrial pathway in juglone-induced apoptosis. Our in vitro results stated that juglone can be studied further as an effective natural anticancer agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carya/química , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/fisiopatologia , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Endométrio/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Naftoquinonas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Fosfatases cdc25/genética , Fosfatases cdc25/metabolismo
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(29): 25654-25663, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246402

RESUMO

The reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive intelligent drug delivery system has developed rapidly in recent years. However, because of the low concentration of ROS in most types of tumor cells, it is not possible to rapidly and effectively stimulate the drug delivery system to release the active drug. Here, we introduced "sequential induced activation processes" for efficient tumor therapy by designing a new ROS-responsive drug release platform. ß-Lapachone, a positively charged nitrogen mustard (NM) prodrug, and two diblock molecules (mPEG-AcMH and PAsp-AcMH) are self-assembled to form prodrug primary micelles, which are further aggregated into nanoparticles that facilitate drug codelivery. When administered by intravenous injection, the nanoparticles reach the tumor site and enter the tumor cells by endocytosis. The ß-lapachone released in the tumor cells induces a large amount of H2O2, and the ROS-responsive NM prodrug is activated to form activated NM, quinone methide, and boric acid under the induction of H2O2. The activated NM leads to tumor cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Portadores de Fármacos , Naftoquinonas , Neoplasias Experimentais , Animais , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacocinética , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacocinética , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacologia , Endocitose , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Naftoquinonas/química , Naftoquinonas/farmacocinética , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Int J Pharm ; 566: 149-156, 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129344

RESUMO

Lung cancer remains 23% of cancer-related death worldwide, ranking on first place for men and second place for women. Almost each cancer type has a great deal in common, overexpression of the apoptosis inhibitor survivin. Chemotherapy with anticancer drugs is leading to side effects. Drug targeting by the use of nanobubbles is a useful strategy to reduce side effects. Nanobubbles in cancer are one of the most investigated carriers in the last years. The size of nanobubbles (1-500 nm) is bigger than the pore size of healthy tissues, but smaller than the pores of cancer tissues. Thus, it is not possible for the drug to leave the blood stream and enter the tissue, but it can enter the cancer tissue through the pores, where it can accumulate. Therefore, the probability of undesired side effects decreases. For that reason, the development of nanobubbles containing paclitaxel and survivin inhibitor sepantronium bromide (YM155) were carried out. Characterization studies in terms of particle size, size distribution, zeta potential and morphology, and investigation of their effects on lung cancer cells were performed. To the best of our knowledge, there is no information in the literature about combining paclitaxel and YM155 loaded nanobubbles with ultrasound exposure.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Imidazóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nanoestruturas , Naftoquinonas , Paclitaxel , Survivina/antagonistas & inibidores , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Humanos , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Imidazóis/química , Nanoestruturas/administração & dosagem , Nanoestruturas/química , Naftoquinonas/administração & dosagem , Naftoquinonas/química , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/química
16.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 75(Pt 4): 462-468, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957792

RESUMO

Diffraction-quality single crystals of two gold(I) complexes, namely bis(1,3-dimesityl-4,5-naphthoquinoimidazol-2-ylidene)gold(I) chloride benzene monosolvate, [Au(C29H26N2O2)2]Cl·C6H6 or [(NQMes)2Au]Cl·C6H6, 2, and bis(1,3-dimesityl-4,5-naphthoquinoimidazol-2-ylidene)gold(I) dichloridoaurate(I) dichloromethane disolvate, [Au(C29H26N2O2)2][AuCl2]·2CH2Cl2 or [(NQMes)2Au][AuCl2]·2CH2Cl2, 4, were isolated and studied with the aid of single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 2 crystallizes in a monoclinic space group C2/c with eight molecules in the unit cell, while compound 4 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1 with two molecules in the unit cell. The crystal lattice of compound 2 reveals C-H...Cl- interactions that are present throughout the entire structure representing head-to-tail contacts between the aromatic (C-H) hydrogens of naphthoquinone and Cl- counter-ions. Compound 4 stacks with the aid of short interactions between a naphthoquinone O atom of one molecule and the mesityl methyl group of another molecule along the a axis, leading to a one-dimensional strand that is held together by strong π-η2 interactions between the imidazolium backbone and the [AuCl2]- counter-ion. The bond angles defined by the AuI atom and two carbene C atoms [C(carbene)-Au-C(carbene)] in compounds 2 and 4 are nearly rectilinear, with an average value of ∼174.1 [2]°. Though 2 and 4 share the same cation, they differ in their counter-anion, which alters the crystal lattice of the two compounds. The knowledge gleaned from these studies is expected to be useful in understanding the molecular interactions of 2 and 4 under physiological conditions.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Ouro/química , Imidazóis/química , Naftoquinonas/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Imidazóis/síntese química , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular , Naftoquinonas/síntese química
17.
Molecules ; 24(7)2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986933

RESUMO

Quinones are secondary metabolites of higher plants associated with many biological activities, including antiviral effects and cytotoxicity. In this study, the anti-herpetic and anti-dengue evaluation of 27 terpenyl-1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ), 1,4-anthraquinone (AQ) and heterocycle-fused quinone (HetQ) derivatives was done in vitro against Human Herpesvirus (HHV) type 1 and 2, and Dengue virus serotype 2 (DENV-2). The cytotoxicity on HeLa and Jurkat tumor cell lines was also tested. Using plaque forming unit assays, cell viability assays and molecular docking, we found that NQ 4 was the best antiviral compound, while AQ 11 was the most active and selective molecule on the tested tumor cells. NQ 4 showed a fair antiviral activity against Herpesviruses (EC50: <0.4 µg/mL, <1.28 µM) and DENV-2 (1.6 µg/mL, 5.1 µM) on pre-infective stages. Additionally, NQ 4 disrupted the viral attachment of HHV-1 to Vero cells (EC50: 0.12 µg/mL, 0.38 µM) with a very high selectivity index (SI = 1728). The in silico analysis predicted that this quinone could bind to the prefusion form of the E glycoprotein of DENV-2. These findings demonstrate that NQ 4 is a potent and highly selective antiviral compound, while suggesting its ability to prevent Herpes and Dengue infections. Additionally, AQ 11 can be considered of interest as a leader for the design of new anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas/química , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Naftoquinonas/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Vírus da Dengue/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HeLa , Herpesviridae/efeitos dos fármacos , Herpesvirus Humano 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Herpesvirus Humano 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Células Vero
18.
Molecules ; 24(7)2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979056

RESUMO

1,4-Naphthoquinones have antibacterial activity and are a promising new class of compound that can be used to treat bacterial infections. The goal was to improve effective antibacterial agents; therefore, we synthesized a new class of naphthoquinone hybrids, which contain phenylamino-phenylthio moieties as significant counterparts. Compound 4 was modified as a substituted aryl amide moiety, which enhanced the antibacterial activity of earlier compounds 3 and 4. In this study, five bacterial strains Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), Escherichia coli (E. coli), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) were used to evaluate the antibacterial potency of synthesized naphthoquinones using the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. Most of the studied naphthoquinones demonstrated major antibacterial activity with a MIC of 15.6 µg/mL-500 µg/mL. Selected compounds (5a, 5f and 5x) were studied for the mode of action, using intracellular ROS generation, determination of apoptosis by the Annexin V-FITC/PI assay, a bactericidal kinetic study and in silico molecular modelling. Additionally, the redox potentials of the specified compounds were confirmed by cyclic voltammetry (CV).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/patogenicidade , Humanos , Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Klebsiella pneumoniae/patogenicidade , Listeria monocytogenes/efeitos dos fármacos , Listeria monocytogenes/patogenicidade , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Naftoquinonas/química , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/patogenicidade , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/patogenicidade
19.
Nano Lett ; 19(5): 2935-2944, 2019 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950276

RESUMO

Remodeling tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) is an important strategy to lift the immunosuppression and achieve immune normalization. In this work, a mannosylated lactoferrin nanoparticulate system (Man-LF NPs) is developed for dual-targeting biomimetic codelivery of shikonin and JQ1 via the mannose receptor and LRP-1 that are overexpressed in both cancer cells and tumor-associated macrophages. The Man-LF NPs can serve as multitarget therapy for inducing immune cell death in the cancer cells, repressing glucose metabolism and repolarizing tumor-associated macrophages, and consequently, lead to remodeling the TIME (e.g., promotion of dendritic cell maturation and CD8+ T cell infiltration, as well as suppression of Treg). Moreover, JQ1 is a suppressor of PD-L1, and the Man-LF NPs can also work on PD-L1 checkpoint blockage. The results reveal the synergistic combination of shikonin and JQ1 and the treatment potency of the Man-LF NPs. Importantly, it is demonstrated that the interaction between the tumor metabolism and immunity plays an essential role in immunotherapy, and the developed drug combination and nanoformulation can target the multiple components in the complicated network of TIME, providing a potential therapeutic strategy.


Assuntos
Azepinas/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Triazóis/farmacologia , Biomimética , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Lactoferrina/química , Lactoferrina/farmacologia , Lectinas Tipo C/química , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Proteína-1 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/genética , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Manose/química , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/química , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/genética , Naftoquinonas/química , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/química , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
20.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(5): e1900039, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817850

RESUMO

A versatile two-step pathway to the synthesis of triaryl(2,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-3-(propan-2-yl)phenyl)- and triaryl(1,4-dihydroxynaphthyl)phosphonium salts from triarylphosphonium trifluoroacetates was developed. The reaction proceeds under mild conditions (20 °C, CH2 Cl2 ) with high yields (88-95 %). Some representatives of this series possess low hemolytic and high bactericidal activity against Gram-positive bacteria.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/síntese química , Compostos Organofosforados/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Naftoquinonas/química , Compostos Organofosforados/farmacologia , Sais/química
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