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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361025

RESUMO

In this work, synthesis and optical properties of a new composite based on poly(o-phenylenediamine) (POPD) fiber like structures, poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) spheres and double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) are reported. As increasing the PVDF weight in the mixture of the chemical polymerization reaction of o-phenylenediamine, the presence of the PVDF spheres onto the POPD fibers surface is highlighted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The down-shift of the Raman line from 1421 cm-1 to 1415 cm-1 proves the covalent functionalization of DWNTs with the POPD-PVDF blends. The changes in the absorbance of the IR bands peaked around 840, 881, 1240 and 1402 cm-1 indicate hindrance steric effects induced of DWNTs to the POPD fiber like structures and the PVDF spheres, as a consequence of the functionalization process of carbon nanotubes with macromolecular compounds. The presence of the PVDF spheres onto the POPD fiber like structures surface induces a POPD photoluminescence (PL) quenching process. An additional PL quenching process of the POPD-PVDF blends is reported to be induced in the presence of DWNTs. The studies of anisotropic PL highlight a change of the angle of the binding of the PVDF spheres onto the POPD fiber like structures surface from 50.2° to 38° when the carbon nanotubes concentration increases in the POPD-PVDF/DWNTs composites mass up to 2 wt.%.


Assuntos
Dimetilformamida/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Polivinil/química , Anisotropia , Nanocompostos/química , Análise Espectral Raman
2.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361552

RESUMO

Postharvest pathogens such as C. gloeosporioides (MA), C.oxysporum (ME) and P. steckii (MF) are the causal agents of disease in mangoes. This paper presents an in vitro investigation into the antifungal effect of a chitosan (CTS)/nano-titanium dioxide (TiO2) composite coating against MA, ME and MF. The results indicated that, the rates of MA, ME and MF mortality following the single chitosan treatment were 63.3%, 84.8% and 43.5%, respectively, while the rates of mycelial inhibition were 84.0%, 100% and 25.8%, respectively. However, following the addition of 0.5% nano-TiO2 into the CTS, both the mortality and mycelial inhibition rates for MA and ME reached 100%, and the mortality and mycelial inhibition rate for MF also increased significantly, reaching 75.4% and 57.3%, respectively. In the MA, the dry weight of mycelia after the CTS/0.5% nano-TiO2 treatment decreased by 36.3% in comparison with the untreated group, while the conductivity value was about 1.7 times that of the untreated group, and the protein dissolution rate and extravasation degree of nucleic acids also increased significantly. Thus, this research revealed the potential of CTS/nano-TiO2 composite coatings in the development of new antimicrobial materials.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Quitosana , Colletotrichum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Nanocompostos , Titânio , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/farmacologia , Mangifera/microbiologia , Nanocompostos/química , Nanocompostos/uso terapêutico , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Titânio/química , Titânio/farmacologia
3.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443453

RESUMO

Understanding the formation process and the spatial distribution of nanoparticle (NP) clusters on amyloid fibrils is an essential step for the development of NP-based methods to inhibit aggregation of amyloidal proteins or reverse the assembling trend of the proto-fibrillary complexes that prompts pathogenesis of neuro degeneration. For this, a detailed structural determination of the diverse hybrid assemblies that are forming is needed, which can be achieved by advanced X-ray scattering techniques. Using a combined solution small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) approach, this study investigates the intrinsic trends of the interaction between lysozyme amyloid fibrils (LAFs) and Fe3O4 NPs before and after fibrillization at nanometer resolution. AFM images reveal that the number of NP clusters interacting with the lysozyme fibers does not increase significantly with NP volume concentration, suggesting a saturation in NP aggregation on the fibrillary surface. The data indicate that the number of non-adsorbed Fe3O4 NPs is highly dependent on the timing of NP infusion within the synthesis process. SAXS data yield access to the spatial distribution, aggregation manner and density of NP clusters on the fibrillary surfaces. Employing modern data analysis approaches, the shape and internal structural morphology of the so formed nanocomposites are revealed. The combined experimental approach suggests that while Fe3O4 NPs infusion does not prevent the fibril-formation, the variation of NP concentration and size at different stages of the fibrillization process can impose a pronounced impact on the superficial and internal structural morphologies of these nanocomposites. These findings may be applicable in devising advanced therapeutic treatments for neurodegenerative diseases and designing novel bio-inorganic magnetic devices. Our results further demonstrate that modern X-ray methods give access to the structure of-and insight into the formation process of-biological-inorganic hybrid structures in solution.


Assuntos
Amiloide/química , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Muramidase/metabolismo , Nanocompostos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Difração de Raios X , Animais , Galinhas , Modelos Moleculares , Nanocompostos/ultraestrutura , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura
4.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443323

RESUMO

Polysaccharides are a versatile class of macromolecules that are involved in many biological interactions critical to life. They can be further modified for added functionality. Once derivatized, these polymers can exhibit new chemical properties that can be further optimized for applications in drug delivery, wound healing, sensor development and others. Chitosan, derived from the N-deacetylation of chitin, is one example of a polysaccharide that has been functionalized and used as a major component of polysaccharide biomaterials. In this brief review, we focus on one aspect of chitosan's utility, namely we discuss recent advances in dual-responsive chitosan hydrogel nanomaterials.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Hidrogéis/química , Nanocompostos/química , Animais , Humanos
5.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443341

RESUMO

In recent decades, the number of patients requiring biocompatible and resistant implants that differ from conventional alternatives dramatically increased. Among the most promising are the nanocomposites of biopolymers and nanomaterials, which pretend to combine the biocompatibility of biopolymers with the resistance of nanomaterials. However, few studies have focused on the in vivo study of the biocompatibility of these materials. The electrospinning process is a technique that produces continuous fibers through the action of an electric field imposed on a polymer solution. However, to date, there are no reports of chitosan (CS) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) electrospinning with carbon nano-onions (CNO) for in vivo implantations, which could generate a resistant and biocompatible material. In this work, we describe the synthesis by the electrospinning method of four different nanofibrous membranes of chitosan (CS)/(PVA)/oxidized carbon nano-onions (ox-CNO) and the subdermal implantations after 90 days in Wistar rats. The results of the morphology studies demonstrated that the electrospun nanofibers were continuous with narrow diameters (between 102.1 nm ± 12.9 nm and 147.8 nm ± 29.4 nm). The CS amount added was critical for the diameters used and the successful electrospinning procedure, while the ox-CNO amount did not affect the process. The crystallinity index was increased with the ox-CNO introduction (from 0.85% to 12.5%), demonstrating the reinforcing effect of the nanomaterial. Thermal degradation analysis also exhibited reinforcement effects according to the DSC and TGA analysis, with the higher ox-CNO content. The biocompatibility of the nanofibers was comparable with the porcine collagen, as evidenced by the subdermal implantations in biological models. In summary, all the nanofibers were reabsorbed without a severe immune response, indicating the usefulness of the electrospun nanocomposites in biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Carbono/química , Quitosana/química , Eletricidade , Teste de Materiais , Membranas Artificiais , Nanocompostos/química , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Animais , Nanocompostos/toxicidade , Oxirredução , Ratos
6.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443588

RESUMO

It is common knowledge that pure alginate hydrogel is more likely to have weak mechanical strength, a lack of cell recognition sites, extensive swelling and uncontrolled degradation, and thus be unable to satisfy the demands of the ideal scaffold. To address these problems, we attempted to fabricate alginate/bacterial cellulose nanocrystals-chitosan-gelatin (Alg/BCNs-CS-GT) composite scaffolds using the combined method involving the incorporation of BCNs in the alginate matrix, internal gelation through the hydroxyapatite-d-glucono-δ-lactone (HAP-GDL) complex, and layer-by-layer (LBL) electrostatic assembly of polyelectrolytes. Meanwhile, the effect of various contents of BCNs on the scaffold morphology, porosity, mechanical properties, and swelling and degradation behavior was investigated. The experimental results showed that the fabricated Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds exhibited regular 3D morphologies and well-developed pore structures. With the increase in BCNs content, the pore size of Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds was gradually reduced from 200 µm to 70 µm. Furthermore, BCNs were fully embedded in the alginate matrix through the intermolecular hydrogen bond with alginate. Moreover, the addition of BCNs could effectively control the swelling and biodegradation of the Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds. Furthermore, the in vitro cytotoxicity studies indicated that the porous fiber network of BCNs could fully mimic the extracellular matrix structure, which promoted the adhesion and spreading of MG63 cells and MC3T3-E1 cells on the Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds. In addition, these cells could grow in the 3D-porous structure of composite scaffolds, which exhibited good proliferative viability. Based on the effect of BCNs on the cytocompatibility of composite scaffolds, the optimum BCNs content for the Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds was 0.2% (w/v). On the basis of good merits, such as regular 3D morphology, well-developed pore structure, controlled swelling and biodegradation behavior, and good cytocompatibility, the Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds may exhibit great potential as the ideal scaffold in the bone tissue engineering field.


Assuntos
Alginatos/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Celulose/química , Quitosana/química , Gelatina/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Células 3T3 , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Porosidade
7.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443590

RESUMO

Biocompatible skin wound dressing materials with long-term therapeutic windows and anti-infection properties have attracted great attention all over the world. The cooperation between essential oil and non-toxic or bio-based polymers was a promising strategy. However, the inherent volatility and chemical instability of most ingredients in essential oils make the sustained pharmacological activity of essential oil-based biomaterials a challenge. In this study, a kind of film nanocomposite loaded with patchouli essential oil (PEO-FNC) was fabricated. PEO-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (PEO-MSNs) with drug load higher than 40 wt% were firstly prepared using supercritical CO2 cyclic impregnation (SCCI), and then combined with the film matrix consisting of polyvinyl alcohol and chitosan. The morphology of PEO-MSNs and PEO-FNC was observed by transmission and scanning electron microscope. The mechanical properties, including hygroscopicity, tensile strength and elongation at break (%), were tested. The release behavior of PEO from the film nanocomposite showed that PEO could keep releasing for more than five days. PEO-FNC exhibited good long-term (>48 h) antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus and non-toxicity on mouse fibroblast (L929 cells), making it a promising wound dressing material.


Assuntos
Bandagens/microbiologia , Dióxido de Carbono/química , Nanocompostos/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Pogostemon/química , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445783

RESUMO

This paper revises the use of polymer nanocomposites to attenuate high-energy electromagnetic radiation (HE-EMR), such as gamma radiation. As known, high-energy radiation produces drastic damage not only in facilities or electronic devices but also to life and the environment. Among the different approaches to attenuate the HE-EMR, we consider the use of compounds with a high atomic number (Z), such as lead, but as known, lead is toxic. Therefore, different works have considered low-toxicity post-transitional metal-based compounds, such as bismuth. Additionally, nanosized particles have shown higher performance to attenuate HE-EMR than those that are micro-sized. On the other hand, materials with π-conjugated systems can also play a role in spreading the energy of electrons ejected as a consequence of the interaction of HE-EMR with matter, preventing the ionization and bond scission of polymers. The different effects produced by the interactions of the matter with HE-EMR are revised. The increase of the shielding properties of lightweight, flexible, and versatile materials such as polymer-based materials can be a contribution for developing technologies to obtain more efficient materials for preventing the damage produced for the HE-EMR in different industries where it is found.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos/química , Polímeros/química , Bismuto/química , Fenômenos Eletromagnéticos , Raios gama , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Tamanho da Partícula , Proteção Radiológica/métodos
9.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361717

RESUMO

The development of bio-based nanocomposites is of high scientific and industrial interest, since they offer excellent advantages in creating functional materials. However, dispersion and distribution of the nanomaterials inside the polymer matrix is a key challenge to achieve high-performance functional nanocomposites. In this context, for better dispersion, biobased triethyl citrate (TEC) as a dispersing agent in a liquid-assisted extrusion process was used to prepare the nanocomposites of poly (lactic acid) (PLA) and chitin nanocrystals (ChNCs). The aim was to identify the effect of the TEC content on the dispersion of ChNCs in the PLA matrix and the manufacturing of a functional nanocomposite. The nanocomposite film's optical properties; microstructure; migration of the additive and nanocomposites' thermal, mechanical and rheological properties, all influenced by the ChNC dispersion, were studied. The microscopy study confirmed that the dispersion of the ChNCs was improved with the increasing TEC content, and the best dispersion was found in the nanocomposite prepared with 15 wt% TEC. Additionally, the nanocomposite with the highest TEC content (15 wt%) resembled the mechanical properties of commonly used polymers like polyethylene and polypropylene. The addition of ChNCs in PLA-TEC15 enhanced the melt viscosity, as well as melt strength, of the polymer and demonstrated antibacterial activity.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/síntese química , Quitina/química , Citratos/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Poliésteres/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Módulo de Elasticidade , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanocompostos/ultraestrutura , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Reologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Resistência à Tração , Viscosidade
10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39112-39125, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384220

RESUMO

Autophagy inhibition could hinder the underlying protective mechanisms in the course of tumor treatment. The advances in autophagy inhibition have driven focus on the functionalized nanoplatforms by combining the current treatment paradigms with complementary autophagy inhibition for enhanced efficacy. Furthermore, Ca2+ overload is also a promising adjuvant target for the tumor treatment by augmenting mitochondrial damage. In this view, complementary mitochondrial Ca2+ overload and autophagy inhibition were first demonstrated as a novel strategy suitable for homing in on the shortage of photodynamic therapy (PDT). We constructed biodegradable tumor-targeted inorganic/organic hybrid nanocomposites (DPGC/OI) synchronously encapsulating IR780 and Obatoclax by biomineralization of the nanofilm method, which consists of pH-triggered calcium phosphate (CP), long circulation phospholipid block copolymers 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DSPE)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)2000-glucose (DPG). In the presence of the hydrophilic PEG chain and glucose transporter 1 (Glut-1) ligands, DPGC would become an effectively tumor-oriented nanoplatform. Subsequently, IR780 as an outstanding photosensitizer could produce increased amounts of toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) after laser irradiation. Calcium phosphate (CP) as the Ca2+ nanogenerator could generate Ca2+ at low pH to induce mitochondrial Ca2+ overload. The dysfunction of mitochondria could enhance increased amounts of ROS. Based on the premise that autophagy would degrade dysfunctional organelles to sustain metabolism and homeostasis, which might participate in resistance to PDT, Obatoclax as an autophagy inhibitor would hinder the protective mechanism from cancer cells with negligible toxicity. Such an enhanced PDT via mitochondrial Ca2+ overload and autophagy inhibition could be realized by DPGC/OI.


Assuntos
Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Glucose/química , Indóis/química , Nanocompostos/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Animais , Transporte Biológico , Melhoramento Biomédico , Feminino , Humanos , Indóis/metabolismo , Indóis/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Fosfolipídeos/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Pirróis/química , Pirróis/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Propriedades de Superfície , Distribuição Tecidual
11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39446-39457, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387085

RESUMO

Step-scheme (S-scheme) photocatalysts have been proposed for highly efficient charge separation and strong redox activity in the photocatalysis field. Here, we reported a facile strategy to obtain the S-scheme heterojunction composite TiO2/chlorophyll (Chl). The S-scheme heterojunction enables the significant improvement of electron transfer efficiency at the interfacial heterojunction of TiO2/Chl. Also, the lifted conduction band and valence band of TiO2/Chl resulted in more than 1.61 times generation of reactive oxidizing species, compared to that of bare TiO2. In addition, TiO2/Chl was applied as a photocatalytic bactericidal material to fabricate commercial masks for prolonged life span of the mask. The TiO2/Chl-coated mask filter exhibited excellent bactericidal effect on Escherichia coli under light illumination (2.94 × 107 cfu E. coli were killed by 1 cm-2 coated mask filters within illumination of 3 h), while commercial mask filters showed no bactericidal effect. After three circulation-sterilization tests, the TiO2/Chl-made mask filter maintained the initial bactericidal effect, which greatly extended the life span of the mask that presents a promising strategy to alleviate the supply stress of masks.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Clorofila/química , Nanocompostos/química , Titânio/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Catálise , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Luz , Máscaras , Oxirredução , Processos Fotoquímicos , Esterilização/métodos , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39719-39729, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392680

RESUMO

In this work, cucurbiturils (CBs), a class of macrocyclic supramolecules, were observed to have an interesting peroxidase-like activity, which is metal-free, substrate-specific, thermophilic, acidophilic, and insensitive to ionic strength. By coating CBs on enzyme-encapsulated zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8), a composite nanozyme was constructed, which retains the catalytic ability of CBs and enzymes and makes them cascade. On addition of the substrate, i.e., the detection target, a highly efficient cascade catalysis can be launched in all the spatial directions to generate sensitive and visible signals. Convenient detection of glucose and cholesterol as models is thereby achieved. More importantly, we have also successfully constructed a composite nanozyme-based sensor array (6 × 8 wells) and thereby achieved simultaneous colorimetric analysis of multiple samples. The concept and successful practice of the construction of the unique core-shell supramolecule/biomolecule@nanomaterial architecture provide the possibility to fabricate next-generation multifunctional materials and create new applications by integrating their unique functions.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/química , Imidazóis/química , Nanocompostos/química , Peroxidases/química , Zeolitas/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/metabolismo , Catálise , Colorimetria , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Glucose Oxidase/química , Glucose Oxidase/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Imidazóis/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Oxirredução , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Impressão Tridimensional
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39088-39099, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433242

RESUMO

In this work, we demonstrated that building different linking groups between nanodiamond (ND) and TiO2 (P25) could provide more effective protection under oxidative stress and ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation compared with the use of TiO2 alone. The establishment of ester (-C-O-O-R), amide (-CONH-), and epoxide-amine adduct (-NHCCO-) groups between ND-TiO2 composites was found to be critical in the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by controlling their charge transfer behaviors. We hypothesized that linking groups between the composites dictate the performance of ROS generation from nano-TiO2 under UV-light irradiation due to the differences in linking groups. The results showed that hydroxyl radicals were attenuated by the incorporation of ND. An MTT cell proliferation assay was performed in human cells under the treatment of ND-TiO2 composites to investigate the impacts of composites on cell viability. The results from the luciferase reporter assay suggested they have anti-inflammatory activity and can reduce cellular DNA damage under ROS stimulation. A zebrafish model was also applied with the ND-TiO2 composite treatment to demonstrate the safety aspects of the composites in vivo and their biomedical application potential. Studies exploring ROS generation behaviors in different linking groups suggested that interactive functionalization between nanoparticles might be an ideal antioxidant and anti-inflammatory strategy.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanodiamantes/química , Titânio/química , Amidas/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Carbodi-Imidas/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Esterificação , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Modelos Animais , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Propriedades de Superfície , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Raios Ultravioleta , Peixe-Zebra
14.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4367, 2021 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272390

RESUMO

Photon upconversion of near-infrared (NIR) irradiation into ultraviolet-C (UVC) emission offers many exciting opportunities for drug release in deep tissues, photodynamic therapy, solid-state lasing, energy storage, and photocatalysis. However, NIR-to-UVC upconversion remains a daunting challenge due to low quantum efficiency. Here, we report an unusual six-photon upconversion process in Gd3+/Tm3+-codoped nanoparticles following a heterogeneous core-multishell architecture. This design efficiently suppresses energy consumption induced by interior energy traps, maximizes cascade sensitizations of the NIR excitation, and promotes upconverted UVC emission from high-lying excited states. We realized the intense six-photon-upconverted UV emissions at 253 nm under 808 nm excitation. This work provides insight into mechanistic understanding of the upconversion process within the heterogeneous architecture, while offering exciting opportunities for developing nanoscale UVC emitters that can be remotely controlled through deep tissues upon NIR illumination.


Assuntos
Gadolínio/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Fótons , Túlio/química , Raios Ultravioleta , Benzofuranos/química , Raios Infravermelhos , Lasers , Oxigênio Singlete/química
15.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4556, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315880

RESUMO

The potential applications of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) can be further developed by encapsulating functional nanoparticles within the frameworks. However, the synthesis of monodispersed core@shell structured COF nanocomposites without agglomeration remains a significant challenge. Herein, we present a versatile dual-ligand assistant strategy for interfacial growth of COFs on the functional nanoparticles with abundant physicochemical properties. Regardless of the composition, geometry or surface properties of the core, the obtained core@shell structured nanocomposites with controllable shell-thickness are very uniform without agglomeration. The derived bowl-shape, yolk@shell, core@satellites@shell nanostructures can also be fabricated delicately. As a promising type of photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT), the porphyrin-based COFs were grown onto upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs). With the assistance of the near-infrared (NIR) to visible optical property of UCNPs core and the intrinsic porosity of COF shell, the core@shell nanocomposites can be applied as a nanoplatform for NIR-activated PDT with deep tissue penetration and chemotherapeutic drug delivery.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Nanopartículas/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligantes , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanocompostos/química , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Tela Subcutânea/efeitos dos fármacos , Tela Subcutânea/patologia
16.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 222: 112274, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330082

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has gained much attention in tumor therapy because of its special advantages. PDT heavily depends on the oxygen, yet the tumor microenvironment (TME) is a hypoxic and acid milieu, which weakens the PDT effect. Based on the consideration that the TME deteriorated by the PDT oxygen consumption could activate the hypoxic-sensitive small-molecule drug, we designed and prepared an integrated nanocomposite including zirconium ion metal organic framework (carrier), pyropheophorbide-a (PPa, photosensitizer), and 6-amino flavone (AF, hypoxic-sensitive drug), aiming to exert a cascaded PDT-chemotherapy (CT) antitumor effect and to solve the hypoxic challenge. The prepared nanocomposite showed great stability under the physiological (pH 7.4) condition and could continuously release PPa and AF under slightly acidic pH condition (pH 6.4), suggesting a tumor microenvironment responsive feature. Systematical in vitro and in vivo researches under various conditions (light, dark, hypoxic and normoxic) have showed that the obtained Zr-MOF@PPa/AF@PEG nanoparticles (NPs) had good biocompatibility and could achieve efficient antitumor effects based on PDT- chemotherapy (CT) cascade process. Finally, bright red fluorescence was observed in the tumor cells after internalization implying an application potential in tumor imaging.


Assuntos
Clorofila/análogos & derivados , Flavonoides/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Nanocompostos/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorofila/química , Clorofila/metabolismo , Clorofila/uso terapêutico , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanocompostos/uso terapêutico , Nanocompostos/toxicidade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Zircônio/química
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201416

RESUMO

Hypoxia is associated with clinical diseases. Extreme hypoxia leads to multiple organs failure. However, the different effects of hypoxia on brain and visceral organs still need to be clarified, and moreover, characteristics in vulnerable organs suffering from hypoxia remain elusive. In the present study, we first aimed to figure out the hypoxic sensitivity of organs. Adult male mice were exposed to 6% O2 or 8% O2 for 6 h. Control mice were raised under normoxic conditions. In vivo and in vitro imaging of anti-HIF-1α-NMs-cy5.5 nanocomposites showed that the expression level of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) was the highest in the liver, followed by kidney and brain. HIF-1α was detected in the hepatocytes of liver, distal convoluted tubules of kidney and neurons of cerebral cortex. The liver, kidney and brain showed distinct metabolic profiles but an identical change in glutamate. Compared with kidney and brain, the liver had more characteristic metabolites and more disturbed metabolic pathways related to glutaminolysis and glycolysis. The level of O-phosphocholine, GTP, NAD and aspartate were upregulated in hypoxic mice brain, which displayed significant positive correlations with the locomotor activity in control mice, but not in hypoxic mice with impaired locomotor activities. Taken together, the liver, kidney and brain are the three main organs of the body that are strongly respond to acute hypoxia, and the liver exhibited the highest hypoxic sensitivity. The metabolic disorders appear to underlie the physiological function changes.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Western Blotting , Carbocianinas/química , Carbocianinas/farmacocinética , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Imagem Molecular , Nanocompostos/química
18.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200763

RESUMO

The development of new antimicrobial strategies that act more efficiently than traditional antibiotics is becoming a necessity to combat multidrug-resistant pathogens. Here we report the efficacy of laser-light-irradiated 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(m-hydroxyphenyl)porphyrin (mTHPP) loaded onto an ethylcellulose (EC)/chitosan (Chs) nanocomposite in eradicating multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans. Surface loading of the ethylcelllose/chitosan composite with mTHPP was carried out and the resulting nanocomposite was fully characterized. The results indicate that the prepared nanocomposite incorporates mTHPP inside, and that the composite acquired an overall positive charge. The incorporation of mTHPP into the nanocomposite enhanced the photo- and thermal stability. Different laser wavelengths (458; 476; 488; 515; 635 nm), powers (5-70 mW), and exposure times (15-45 min) were investigated in the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) experiments, with the best inhibition observed using 635 nm with the mTHPP EC/Chs nanocomposite for C. albicans (59 ± 0.21%), P. aeruginosa (71.7 ± 1.72%), and S. aureus (74.2 ± 1.26%) with illumination of only 15 min. Utilization of higher doses (70 mW) for longer periods achieved more eradication of microbial growth.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Quitosana/química , Nanocompostos/química , Porfirinas/química , Piridonas/química , Pirróis/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Celulose/química , Chlorocebus aethiops , Lasers , Luz , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Vero
19.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203966

RESUMO

Nanoparticle-reinforced polymer-based materials effectively combine the functional properties of polymers and unique characteristic features of NPs. Biopolymers have attained great attention, with perspective multifunctional and high-performance nanocomposites exhibiting a low environmental impact with unique properties, being abundantly available, renewable, and eco-friendly. Nanocomposites of biopolymers are termed green biocomposites. Different biocomposites are reported with numerous inorganic nanofillers, which include selenium. Selenium is a micronutrient that can potentially be used in the prevention and treatment of diseases and has been extensively studied for its biological activity. SeNPs have attracted increasing attention due to their high bioavailability, low toxicity, and novel therapeutic properties. One of the best routes to take advantage of SeNPs' properties is by mixing these NPs with polymers to obtain nanocomposites with functionalities associated with the NPs together with the main characteristics of the polymer matrix. These nanocomposite materials have markedly improved properties achieved at low SeNP concentrations. Composites based on polysaccharides, including fungal beta-glucans, are bioactive, biocompatible, biodegradable, and have exhibited an innovative potential. Mushrooms meet certain obvious requirements for the green entity applied to the SeNP manufacturing. Fungal-matrixed selenium nanoparticles are a new promising biocomposite material. This review aims to give a summary of what is known by now about the mycosynthesized selenium polymeric nanocomposites with the impact on fungal-assisted manufactured ones, the mechanisms of the involved processes at the chemical reaction level, and problems and challenges posed in this area.


Assuntos
Biopolímeros/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Selênio/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Disponibilidade Biológica , Fungos , Nanocompostos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Selênio/metabolismo
20.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204215

RESUMO

Recently, the development of nanocatalysts based on naturally occurring polysaccharides has received a lot of attention. Chitosan (CS), as a biodegradable and biocompatible polysaccharide, is considered to be an excellent template for the design of a hybrid biopolymer-based metal oxide nanocomposite. In this case, lanthanum oxide nanoparticles doped with chitosan at different weight percentages (5, 10, 15, and 20 wt% CS/La2O3) were prepared via a simple solution casting method. The prepared CS/La2O3 nanocomposite solutions were cast in a Petri dish in order to produce the developed catalyst, which was shaped as a thin film. The structural features of the hybrid nanocomposite film were studied by FTIR, SEM, and XRD analytical tools. FTIR spectra confirmed the presence of the major characteristic peaks of chitosan, which were modified by interaction with La2O3 nanoparticles. Additionally, SEM graphs showed dramatic morphological changes on the surface of chitosan, which is attributed to surface adsorption with La2O3 molecules. The prepared CS/La2O3 nanocomposite film (15% by weight) was investigated as an effective, recyclable, and heterogeneous base catalyst in the synthesis of pyridines and pyrazoles. The nanocomposite used was sufficiently stable and was collected and reused more than three times without loss of catalytic activity.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Pirazóis/química , Piridinas/química , Antibacterianos/química , Catálise , Lantânio/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Óxidos/química
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