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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(66): 9857-9860, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364637

RESUMO

A novel fluorescent sensing platform for telomerase activity assay was developed by coupling a three-dimensional (3D) DNA walker with the MnO2 nanosheet-upconversion nanoparticle (UCNPs) complex-based fluorescence resonance energy-transfer (FRET) system.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , DNA/química , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/instrumentação , Compostos de Manganês/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Óxidos/química , Telomerase/metabolismo , Limite de Detecção
2.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 86, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controllable and multiple DNA release is critical in modern gene-based therapies. Current approaches require complex assistant molecules for combined release. To overcome the restrictions on the materials and environment, a novel and versatile DNA release method using a nano-electromechanical (NEMS) hypersonic resonator of gigahertz (GHz) frequency is developed. RESULTS: The micro-vortexes excited by ultra-high frequency acoustic wave can generate tunable shear stress at solid-liquid interface, thereby disrupting molecular interactions in immobilized multilayered polyelectrolyte thin films and releasing embedded DNA strands in a controlled fashion. Both finite element model analysis and experiment results verify the feasibility of this method. The release rate and released amount are confirmed to be well tuned. Owing to the different forces generated at different depth of the films, release of two types of DNA molecules with different velocities is achieved, which further explores its application in combined gene therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Our research confirmed that this novel platform based on a nano-electromechanical hypersonic resonator works well for controllable single and multi-DNA release. In addition, the unique features of this resonator such as miniaturization and batch manufacturing open its possibility to be developed into a high-throughput, implantable and site targeting DNA release and delivery system.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Polieletrólitos/química , Acústica/instrumentação , Fenômenos Biofísicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Terapia Genética/métodos , Membranas Artificiais , Propriedades de Superfície
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(72): 10654-10664, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418758

RESUMO

Some host-guest complexes of cucurbit[n]uril (CB[n]) host molecules act as supramolecular amphiphiles (SAs), which hierarchically self-assemble into various nanomaterials such as vesicles, micelles, nanorods, and nanosheets in water. The structures and functions of the nanomaterials can be controlled by supramolecular engineering of the host-guest complexes. In addition, functionalization at the periphery of CB[6] and CB[7] generates CB[n]-based molecular amphiphiles (MAs) that can also self-assemble into vesicles or micelle-like nanoparticles in water. Taking advantage of the molecular cavities of CBs and their strong guest recognition properties, the surface of the self-assembled nanomaterials can be easily decorated with various functional tags in a non-covalent manner. In this feature article, the two types (SAs and MAs) of CB-based amphiphiles, their self-assemblies and their applications for nanotherapeutics and theranostics are presented with future perspectives.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Nanoestruturas/química , Tensoativos/farmacologia , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/química , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células KB , Tensoativos/química
4.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 377(5): 24, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468239

RESUMO

The article provides an overview of the most relevant characterization results of heterogeneous photo-catalytic materials available in the literature. First, we present a summary of the ex situ utilization of physico-chemical characterization techniques. In the majority of current works, pre and post-reaction samples are subjected to ex situ analysis using a multitechnique approach which attempts to render information about the morphological, structural, and electronic properties of relevance to interpret photoactivity. Details of the effects on physico-chemical observables of the nanostructure and the complex chemical nature (considering mono and multiphase materials with presence of several chemical elements) of typical photo-catalysts will be analyzed. Modern studies however emphasize the use of in situ tools in order to establish activity-structure links. To this end, the first point to pay attention to is to consider carefully the interaction between light and matter at the reaction cell where the characterization is carried out. Operando and spectro-kinetic methodologies will be reviewed as they would render valuable and trusting results and thus will pave the way for the future developments in photocatalysis.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas/química , Catálise , Cinética , Processos Fotoquímicos
5.
Analyst ; 144(17): 5261-5270, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364612

RESUMO

In this work, an enrichment approach for the profiling of N-linked glycans was developed by utilizing a highly porous 3D graphene composite fabricated from graphene oxide nanosheets and a phenol-formaldehyde polymer via graphitization and KOH activation. In tailoring the large surface area (ca. 2213 m2 g-1) and 3D-layered mesoporous structure, the 3D graphene composite demonstrated not only high efficiency in glycan enrichment but also the size-exclusion effect against residual protein interference. For a standard protein ovalbumin digest, 26 N-linked glycans were identified with good repeatability, and the detection limit was as low as 0.25 ng µL-1 with the identification of 13 N-linked glycans (S/N > 10). When the mass ratio of the ovalbumin digest to the interfering proteins, i.e., bovine serum albumin and ovalbumin was 1 : 2000 : 2000, 18 N-linked glycans could still be detected with sufficient signal intensities. From a 60 nL minute complex human serum sample, up to 53 N-linked glycans with S/N > 10 were identified after the 3D graphene enrichment, while only 20 N-linked glycans were identified by the porous graphitized carbon material used for comparison. In addition, the application of the 3D graphene composite in profiling the up-regulated and down-regulated N-linked glycans from the real clinical serum samples of ovarian cancer patients confirmed the potential of the 3D graphene composite for analyzing minute and complicated biological samples.


Assuntos
Grafite/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Ovalbumina/química , Polissacarídeos/análise , Albumina Sérica/química , Feminino , Formaldeído/química , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/sangue , Oxirredução , Fenol/química , Fenóis/química , Polímeros/química , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Porosidade , Soro
6.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 5073-5085, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371948

RESUMO

Purpose: To potentiate the anticancer activity of curcumin (CUR) by improving its cell penetration potentials through formulating it into nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) and using the prepared NLCs in photodynamic therapy. Methods: A 3×4 factorial design was used to obtain 12 CUR-NLCs using two factors on different levels: (1) the solid lipid type at four levels and (2) the solid to liquid lipid ratio at three levels. Olive oil, Tween 80 and lecithin were chosen as liquid lipid, surfactant and co-surfactant, respectively. CUR-NLCs prepared by high shear hot homogenization method were evaluated by determination of particle size (PS), polydispersity index, zeta potential (ZP), entrapment efficiency percent, drug loading percent and in vitro drug release. Optimization was based on the evaluation results using response surface modeling (RSM). Optimized formulae were tested for their in vitro release pattern and for dark and photo-cytotoxic anticancer activity on breast cancer cell line in comparison to free CUR. Results: Evaluation tests showed the appropriateness of NLCs prepared from glyceryl monooleate and Geleol™ helped choosing two optimized formulae, PE3 and GE3. PE3 (prepared using glyceryl monooleate) showed enhanced release rates compared to GE3 (prepared from Geleol) and superior cytotoxic anticancer activity compared to both GE3 and free CUR under both light and dark conditions. The small mean PS, spherical shape as well as the negative ZP enhanced the internalization of the NLCs within cells. Modulation and inhibition of P-glycoprotein expression by glyceryl monooleate synergized the cytotoxic activity of CUR. Conclusion: CUR loading in NLCs enhanced its cell penetration and cytotoxic anticancer properties both in dark and in light conditions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Lipídeos/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Ácidos Oleicos/química , Azeite de Oliva/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Curcumina/farmacologia , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Eletricidade Estática
7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(35): 9942-9949, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403785

RESUMO

We develop an ultrasensitive T2-mediated immunosensor based on the coordination chemistry and Cu(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azide andalkyne (CuAAC) and apply it for the detection of pesticide residues. We functionalize polyglutamic acid (PGA) on polystyrene to form a brush-like nanostructure that has a large loading capacity of Cu(II) through the coordination chemistry between PGA and Cu(II). Such a brush-like nanostructure could be used to chelate Cu(II) to modulate the CuAAC between azide-functionalized 1000 nm polystyrene (PS1000) and alkyne-functionalized 30 nm magnetic nanoparticles (MNP30), and the MNP30-PS1000 conjugate as a product of CuAAC can act as a magnetic probe in this T2-based immunosensor. This click chemistry and coordination chemistry-mediated immunosensor allows for an ultrasensitive detection for chlorpyrifos residue (0.022 ng/mL), a 58-fold enhancement compared with that of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (1.28 ng/mL), providing a promising platform for detection of trace small molecules.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Clorpirifos/análise , Nanoestruturas/química , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Alquinos/química , Azidas/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Quelantes/química , Química Click , Cobre/química , Água Potável/análise , Lagos/análise , Ácido Poliglutâmico/química , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Poluentes da Água/análise
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(32): 9104-9111, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334655

RESUMO

Gold nanoflowers (GNFs) exhibit stronger light scattering ability than gold nanospheres (GNSs) with the same diameter, thereby contributing to enhancing the sensitivity of the scattering-based sensing method. However, the application of GNFs in biosensors based on dynamic light scattering (DLS) has not been yet reported. Herein, we describe for the first time an improved no-wash immunosensor based on dynamic light scattering for the detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) in milk using GNFs for sensitive signal transduction. To achieve this goal, a thiolated amphiphilic carboxyl ligand was introduced to modify the GNF surface and improve solution stability and antibody functionalization. Several key factors that affect the detection sensitivity of our developed GNF_DLS immunosensor were systematically investigated. Under the optimal conditions, our proposed GNF_DLS immunosensor provided an excellent linear detection for E. coli O157:H7 within the range from 6 × 100 to 6 × 104 colony-forming units (CFU)/mL, with a limit of detection of 2.7 CFU/mL. Combined with our previously reported two-step large-volume immunomagnetic separation (IMS) method, the designed GNF_DLS immunosensor can sensitively, selectively, and accurately detect the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in pasteurized milk. The potential of our GNF_DLS method for monitoring the presence of a single bacterial cell in 1 mL of sample solution was also demonstrated. Overall, the developed GNF_DLS immunosensor can be used for the rapid and high-sensitivity determination of pathogenic bacteria and can be extended for the ultrasensitive no-wash detection of other trace analytes.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz/métodos , Escherichia coli O157/isolamento & purificação , Leite/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Bovinos , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz/instrumentação , Escherichia coli O157/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Ouro/química , Leite/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(57): 8227-8230, 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268107

RESUMO

An original family of multivalent vectors encompassing gemini and facial amphiphilicity, namely cationic Siamese twin surfactants, has been prepared from the disaccharide trehalose; molecular engineering lets us modulate the self-assembling properties and the topology of the nanocomplexes with plasmid DNA for efficient gene delivery in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas/química , Plasmídeos/química , Tensoativos/química , Transfecção/métodos , Trealose/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cercopithecus aethiops , Humanos , Camundongos , Plasmídeos/metabolismo
10.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111534, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279897

RESUMO

In the search for developing a biomedicine based nanomaterial for therapeutic applications, here we described a new benign development of Photo-triggered Gold nanodots capped mesoporous silica nanoparticles Au@MSNs loaded with capsaicin (Cap) for photothermal therapy of cancer cells. Electron microscopic techniques (SEM and TEM) studies depict the anisotropic shape of Cap-Au@MSNs with mean size ≈110 nm. The successful amine functionalization and covalent interaction of Au nanodots on the mesoporous silica surface were confirmed from the results of FTIR, XPS and UV-vis spectral analyses, which directly indicates the composition of synthesized mesoporous silica surface. Additionally, Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) revealed that synthesized cap-AuMSNs were stable with highly negatively charged. Cap-AuMSNs exhibited extraordinary in vitro antitumor activity against the tested twp thyroid cancer cell lines (i.e., FTC-133 and B-CPAP). 3-(4, 5-Dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay determined that capsaicin and Cap-AuMSNs conferred strong cytotoxicity against the FTC-133 and B-CPAP cell lines. Further, evaluation of the mechanism showed that anticancer activity was achieved by inducing apoptosis in thyroid cancer cells. In addition, we found that such compounds exhibited promising antimetastatic activity and reduced the invasiveness of cancer cells. Hence, we suggesting that these Cap-Au@MSNs can be used as promising candidates for cancer therapy and deserve further investigation.


Assuntos
Capsaicina/química , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanopartículas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Capsaicina/uso terapêutico , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ouro/química , Humanos , Microscopia Confocal , Fotoquimioterapia , Porosidade , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(64): 9471-9474, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328205

RESUMO

A hydrogel drug cargo based on 2D tungsten nitride nanosheets was fabricated. It exhibits stable NIR-II responsive photothermal properties and drug release behaviour. Moreover, this hydrogel shows excellent tumour ablation efficiency in vivo via NIR-II triggered multiple chemo/photothermal therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Hidrogéis , Hipertermia Induzida , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanoestruturas/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Tungstênio/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos
12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(61): 8951-8954, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289799

RESUMO

A new reconfigurable DNA nanocage based on a DNA origami method has been constructed to capture a tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) disk. We used a hairpin to control the transformation of the nanocage and a strand of TMV RNA to attract the TMV disk. Our design could inspire new DNA-protein complex designs.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco/química , Sequência de Bases , DNA/síntese química , DNA/genética , Sequências Repetidas Invertidas , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Viral/química
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(33): 9354-9361, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339706

RESUMO

As a popular ingredient for western and traditional Chinese medicine, the root and rhizome of Chinese licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.) is often administered in the form of a decoction. The protein nanoparticles (NPs) self-assembled during the process of decoction. A major constitutive protein (GLP) was purified and determined to have a molecular weight of 28 kDa with an N-terminal sequence of NPDGL IACYC GQYCW. Over 80% of the purified GLP self-assembled into spherical NPs with diameters of 74.1 ± 0.7 nm and ζ-potential of -24.3 ± 1.7 mV when boiled in Tris-HCl buffer (pH = 7.9, 20 mM) at 100 °C for 60 min. Each nanoparticle was estimated by the SEC-MALLS approach to be composed of approximately 23 protein molecules. The NPs and GLP showed low cellular toxicity upon four types of cells including MDCK, L-02, HepG2, and Caco2 cells, while the NPs promoted proliferation of normal hepatocytes by 67%. The NPs solubilized the insoluble astragaloside IV by encapsulation. The results suggest a great potential for GLP-NPs as a promising prototype of a type of drug vehicle, a novel source of bioactive nanomaterials from herbal proteins, as well as a new mode of function with herbal components.


Assuntos
Glycyrrhiza/química , Nanopartículas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Células CACO-2 , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Peso Molecular , Nanoestruturas/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química
14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(65): 9653-9656, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342021

RESUMO

The fast and accurate real-time monitoring of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) secreted from living cells plays a critical role in clinical diagnosis and management. Herein, we report low-cost and self-supported MoS2 nanosheet arrays for non-enzymatic eletrochemical H2O2 detection. Under the optimal test conditions, such MoS2 electrodes exhibit extremely promising electrocatalytic performance with a low detection limit of 1.0 µM (S/N = 3) and an excellent sensitivity of 5.3 mA mM-1 cm-2. Furthermore, the detection of the trace amount of H2O2 secreted from live A549 cancer cells was successfully performed with this biosensor.


Assuntos
Dissulfetos/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Molibdênio/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Células A549 , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Carbono/química , Dissulfetos/síntese química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Humanos , Limite de Detecção
15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(29): 15917-15931, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309206

RESUMO

X-ray nanochemistry studies how to use nanomaterials and particularly how to create new nanomaterials to increase the effects of X-rays such as chemical reactivity, damage to cells, tumor destruction, scintillation and more. The increase, also called enhancement, can be categorized into several groups, and the current categorization of enhancement follows a natural division of physical, chemical and biological enhancement based on how nanomaterials behave under X-ray irradiation. In physical enhancement, electrons released from atoms in the nanomaterials upon X-ray ionization interact with the nanomaterials and surrounding media to increase the effects. Scintillation also belongs to this category. Chemical enhancement results when reactive oxygen species (ROS) or reactive radical intermediates (RRI) produced in aqueous solutions under X-ray irradiation interact with the surface of catalytic nanomaterials to increase the effects. When the damage of cells is enhanced through biological pathways beyond the abovementioned physical or chemical enhancement due to the presence of nanomaterials under X-ray irradiation, the enhancement is called biological enhancement. Works supporting this systematic categorization, the reported values of these enhancements, and important aspects of the development of enhancement in the X-ray nanochemistry framework are given and discussed in this perspective.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Química Analítica/métodos , Nanoestruturas/química , Raios X , Células/química , Células/efeitos da radiação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
16.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 103(2): 330-335, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263937

RESUMO

The immobilization effect and mechanism of nano-hydroxyapatite(NHAP) on Pb in the ryegrass rhizosphere soil were studied by root-bag experiment. The speciation analysis results revealed that the residual Pb concentrations in the rhizosphere soil significantly increased after NHAP application. The acid-soluble and reducible Pb concentrations significantly decreased, indicating that NHAP had obviously immobilized Pb. Meanwhile, NHAP significantly promoted the secretion of tartaric acid from ryegrass roots, resulting the rhizosphere soil pH had been below that of the control group. This helped to relieve the stress of Pb on ryegrass, also promoted the dissolution of NHAP, resulting the formation of stable precipitation with more Pb ions. NHAP increased the rhizosphere soil pH by 0.03 to 0.17, which promoted the conversion of Pb to non-utilizable bioavailability. The total Pb mass balance indicated only a very small proportion Pb transferred to the shoots through ryegrass roots. The formation of pyromorphite by Pband NHAP in soil was accordingly to interpret the dominant mechanism for Pb immobilization.


Assuntos
Durapatita/química , Chumbo/análise , Lolium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Nanoestruturas/química , Rizosfera , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Adsorção , Disponibilidade Biológica , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Chumbo/metabolismo , Lolium/metabolismo , Minerais/química , Modelos Teóricos , Fosfatos/química , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Tartaratos/metabolismo
17.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4187-4209, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289440

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are disseminated cancer cells. The occurrence and circulation of CTCs seem key for metastasis, still the major cause of cancer-associated deaths. As such, CTCs are investigated as predictive biomarkers. However, due to their rarity and heterogeneous biology, CTCs' practical use has not made it into the clinical routine. Clearly, methods for the effective isolation and reliable detection of CTCs are urgently needed. With the development of nanotechnology, various nanosystems for CTC isolation and enrichment and CTC-targeted cancer therapy have been designed. Here, we summarize the relationship between CTCs and tumor metastasis, and describe CTCs' unique properties hampering their effective enrichment. We comment on nanotechnology-based systems for CTC isolation and recent achievements in microfluidics and lab-on-a-chip technologies. We discuss recent advances in CTC-targeted cancer therapy exploiting the unique properties of nanomaterials. We conclude by introducing developments in CTC-directed nanosystems and other advanced technologies currently in (pre)clinical research.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Separação Celular/métodos , Nanomedicina/métodos , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/isolamento & purificação , Materiais Biomiméticos , Grafite , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Microfluídica/instrumentação , Microfluídica/métodos , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Nanotubos de Carbono
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4589-4599, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296988

RESUMO

Purpose: Ferulic acid (FA) is a poorly water-soluble natural antioxidant with anticancer activity. This poor solubility limits the application of FA in the food and pharmaceutical industry. Cyclodextrin nanosponges (CD-NSs) are a novel group of cross-linked CD derivatives which can be used to enhance the solubility of low-soluble bioactive compounds. Methods: In this study, FA was encapsulated into the NSs in the proportion of 1:4 (FA:NS). Diphenyl carbonate was used as a cross-linker in different proportions with ß-CD. Characterization of obtained NSs was performed using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis. Results: Our results revealed that the solubility of encapsulated FA was increased up to fifteenfold compared with pure FA in the proportion of 1:4 (CD:cross-linker). The results of FTIR, XRD, and DSC confirmed the interaction of FA with NSs. The cytotoxicity of encapsulated FA against MCF7 and 4T1 breast cancer cell lines was investigated using different concentrations of FA in 24, 48, and 72 hrs. The cytotoxicity assay indicated that FA treatment reduced viability and enhanced apoptosis of cancer cells. IC50 value of encapsulated FA (250 ppm) was decreased by threefold when compared with pure FA (750 ppm). Conclusion: In general, CD-NS was found to be a suitable delivery system for poorly soluble bioactives such as FA.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cumáricos/química , Ácidos Cumáricos/farmacologia , Ciclodextrinas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Solubilidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Difração de Raios X
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(65): 9709-9712, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353371

RESUMO

We functionalize nucleic acid nanostructures with click chemistry (for attachment of cargos) and a photocleavable linker (for release). We demonstrate cargo attachment using a fluorescein dye and release using UV trigger from an RNA three-way junction, a DNA star motif and a DNA tetrahedron. Such multifunctional nucleic acid nanostructures have potential in targeted drug delivery.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Fluoresceínas/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Nanoestruturas/química , RNA/química , Animais , Fagos Bacilares/genética , Sequência de Bases , Bovinos , Química Click , DNA/sangue , DNA/síntese química , DNA/efeitos da radiação , Portadores de Fármacos/síntese química , Portadores de Fármacos/efeitos da radiação , Fluorescência , Nanoestruturas/efeitos da radiação , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , RNA/sangue , RNA/síntese química , RNA/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta
20.
Life Sci ; 232: 116678, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344429

RESUMO

AIMS: In this work, it was sought to determine if there was synergism between doxorubicin (DOX), a well-known antineoplastic, and sclareol (SC), a diterpene from natural origin, in breast cancer treatment. Moreover, it was investigated if their co-loading in the same nanocarrier would result in a gain of activity and/or a toxicity diminishment. MAIN METHODS: The synergism of the DOX:SC combination was evaluated in MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells. A nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) co-encapsulating DOX and SC in their synergistic molar ratio was prepared and characterised, in terms of mean diameter, zeta potential, DOX encapsulation efficiency, small angle X-ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry, and polarised light microscopy for further intravenous administration. The anticancer activity of the combination, free and encapsulated, was evaluated in 4T1-tumour bearing mice. KEY FINDINGS: It was determined that DOX:SC combination at the molar ratio 1:1.9 presents better synergistic anticancer activity than the molar ratio 1:7.5 in vitro. DOX:SC-loaded NLC (NLC-DOX-SC) improved in vitro cytotoxic and in vivo antitumour activity compared to free DOX. Although NLC-DOX-SC and free DOX:SC, at the synergistic molar ratio, showed similar activity in the in vivo study, the free combination provoked body weight loss, behaviour alterations and haematological toxicity in the animals, while this was not observed for NLC-DOX-SC. SIGNIFICANCE: This work shows that SC and DOX present synergistic anticancer activity for breast cancer treatment whereas NLC-DOX-SC was a feasible alternative to attain the benefits posed by DOX:SC combination but with none to fewer side effects.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos , Lipídeos/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
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