Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.005
Filtrar
1.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 166: 112431, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862842

RESUMO

Last few decades, viruses are a real menace to human safety. Therefore, the rapid identification of viruses should be one of the best ways to prevent an outbreak and important implications for medical healthcare. The recent outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus which belongs to the single-stranded, positive-strand RNA viruses. The pandemic dimension spread of COVID-19 poses a severe threat to the health and lives of seven billion people worldwide. There is a growing urgency worldwide to establish a point-of-care device for the rapid detection of COVID-19 to prevent subsequent secondary spread. Therefore, the need for sensitive, selective, and rapid diagnostic devices plays a vital role in selecting appropriate treatments and to prevent the epidemics. During the last decade, electrochemical biosensors have emerged as reliable analytical devices and represent a new promising tool for the detection of different pathogenic viruses. This review summarizes the state of the art of different virus detection with currently available electrochemical detection methods. Moreover, this review discusses different fabrication techniques, detection principles, and applications of various virus biosensors. Future research also looks at the use of electrochemical biosensors regarding a potential detection kit for the rapid identification of the COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/instrumentação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Testes Imediatos , Vírus/patogenicidade
2.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4811-4824, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753867

RESUMO

Purpose: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents are pharmaceuticals that enable a better visualization of internal body structures. In this study, we present the synthesis, MRI signal enhancement capabilities, in vitro as well as in vivo cytotoxicity results of gold-coated iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4@AuNPs) as potential contrast agents. Methods: Fe3O4@AuNPs were obtained by synthesizing iron oxide nanoparticles and gradually coating them with gold. The obtained Fe3O4@AuNPs were characterized by spectroscopies, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray diffraction. The effect of the nanoparticles on the MRI signal was tested using a 7T Bruker PharmaScan system. Cytotoxicity tests were made in vitro on Fe3O4@AuNP-treated retinal pigment epithelium cells by WST-1 tests and in vivo by following histopathological changes in rats after injection of Fe3O4@AuNPs. Results: Stable Fe3O4@AuNPs were successfully prepared following a simple and fast protocol (<1h worktime) and identified using TEM. The cytotoxicity tests on cells have shown biocompatibility of Fe3O4@AuNPs at small concentrations of Fe (<1.95×10-8 mg/cell). Whereas, at higher Fe concentrations (eg 7.5×10-8 mg/cell), cell viability decreased to 80.88±5.03%, showing a mild cytotoxic effect. MRI tests on rats showed an optimal Fe3O4@AuNPs concentration of 6mg/100g body weight to obtain high-quality images. The histopathological studies revealed significant transient inflammatory responses in the time range from 2 hours to 14 days after injection and focal cellular alterations in several organs, with the lung being the most affected organ. These results were confirmed by hyperspectral microscopic imaging of the same, but unstained tissues. In most organs, the inflammatory responses and sublethal cellular damage appeared to be transitory, except for the kidneys, where the glomerular damage indicated progression towards glomerular sclerosis. Conclusion: The obtained stable, gold covered, iron oxide nanoparticles with reduced cytotoxicity, gave a negative T2 signal in the MRI, which makes them suitable for candidates as contrast agent in small animal MRI applications.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Ouro/química , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Endocitose , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Ratos Wistar , Difração de Raios X
3.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4351-4362, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606682

RESUMO

Purpose: The present study synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the aqueous extract of a traditional medicinal product consisting of an oleoresin (a combination of macromolecules of carbohydrates and proteins) exuded from the rhizome of the plant Ferula foetida (asafoetida gum) and evaluated its biological properties. Materials and Methods: The silver nanoparticles synthesized using asafoetida gum (As-AgNPs) were characterized using UV/Vis spectroscopy, fourier infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and EADX. The cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activity As-AgNPs were evaluated against MCF-7 cell lines and selected microbial pathogens, respectively. Results: The synthesized silver nanoparticles were crystalline in nature with a spherical shape. The average particle size was 5.6-8.6 nm. The cytotoxicity of the synthesized As-AgNPs was evaluated against MCF-7 cell lines, and the As-AgNPs were found to be effective in inhibiting the multiplication of cancer cells. The As-AgNPs exhibited significant antimicrobial activity towards E. coli, K. pneumoniae and C. albicans. The MIC of the synthesized As-AgNPs was 7.80 µg/mL for E. coli ATCC 25922, Salmonella sp. WS50- and S. typhi; 15.60 µg/mL for S. typhimurium and S. aureus WS10, and 31.20 µg/mL for K. pneumoniae and S. aureus ATCC 43300-MRSA. In addition, MIC values of 15.60 µg/mL for C. albicans ATCC8436 and 31.20 µg/mL for C. krusei ATCC6258 were obtained. Conclusion: As asafoetida is a good traditional medicine, its involvement in the synthesis of AgNPs led the silver nanoparticles to exhibit good cytotoxic and antimicrobial effects.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Ferula/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Gomas Vegetais/química , Prata/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/química , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Difração de Raios X
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3983-3999, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606660

RESUMO

Introduction: In recent years, the use of cost-effective, multifunctional, environmentally friendly and simple prepared nanomaterials/nanoparticles have been emerged considerably. In this manner, different synthesizing methods were reported and optimized, but there is still lack of a comprehensive method with multifunctional properties. Materials and Methods: In this study, we aim to synthesis the copper oxide nanoparticles using Achillea millefolium leaf extracts for the first time. Catalytic activity was investigated by in situ azide alkyne cycloaddition click and also A3 coupling reaction, and optimized in terms of temperature, solvent, and time of the reaction. Furthermore, the photocatalytic activity of the synthesized nanoparticles was screened in terms of degradation methylene blue dye. Biological activity of the synthesized nanoparticles was evaluated in terms of antibacterial and anti-fungal assessments against Staphylococcus aureus, M. tuberculosis, E. coli, K. pneumoniae, P. mirabili, C. diphtheriae and S. pyogenes bacteria's and G. albicans, A. flavus, M. canis and G. glabrata fungus. In the next step, the biosynthesized CuO-NPs were screened by MTT and NTU assays. Results: Based on our knowledge, this is a comprehensive study on the catalytic and biological activity of copper oxide nanoparticles synthesizing from Achillea millefolium, which presents great and significant results (in both catalytic and biological activities) based on a simple and green procedure. Conclusion: Comprehensive biomedical and catalytic investigation of the biosynthesized CuO-NPs showed the mentioned method leads to synthesis of more eco-friendly nanoparticles. The in vitro studies showed promising and considerable results, and due to the great stability of these nanoparticles in a green media, effective biological activity considered as an advantageous.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Cobre/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Achillea/química , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Catálise , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Reação de Cicloadição , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/química , Solventes/química , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo , Difração de Raios X
5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4523-4540, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606692

RESUMO

Purpose: Selenium nanoparticles (SeNP) have several applications in the field of biotechnology, including their use as anti-cancer drugs. The purpose of the present study is to analyze the efficacy of green synthesis on the preparation of SeNP and its effect on their anti-cancer properties. Methods: A bacterial strain isolated from a freshwater source was shown to efficiently synthesize SeNP with potential therapeutic properties. The quality and stability of the NP were studied by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, zeta-potential and FTIR analysis. A cost-effective medium formulation from biowaste having 6% banana peel extract enriched with 0.25 mM tryptophan was used to synthesize the NP. The NP after optimization was used to analyze their anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic activity. For this purpose, first, the cytotoxicity of the NP against cancer cells was analyzed by MTT assay and then chorioallantoic membrane assay was performed to assess anti-angiogenic activity. Further, cell migration assay and clonogenic inhibition assay were performed to test the anti-tumor properties of SeNP. To assess the cytotoxicity of SeNP on healthy RBC, hemolysis assay was performed. Results: The strain identified as Pseudomonas stutzeri (MH191156) produced phenazine carboxylic acid, which aids the conversion of Se oxyanions to reduced NP state, resulting in particles in the size range of 75 nm to 200 nm with improved stability and quality of SeNP, as observed by zeta (ξ) potential of the particles which was found to be -46.2 mV. Cytotoxicity of the SeNP was observed even at low concentrations such as 5 µg/mL against cervical cancer cell line, ie, HeLa cells. Further, neovascularization was inhibited by upto 30 % in CAMs of eggs coinoculated with SeNp when compared with untreated controls, indicating significant anti-angiogenic activity of SeNP. The NP also inhibited the invasiveness of HeLa cells as observed by decreased cell migration and clonogenic proliferation. These observations indicate significant anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic activity of the SeNP in cervical cancer cells. Conclusion: P. stutzeri (MH191156) is an efficient source of Se NP production with potential anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor properties, particularly against cervical cancer cells.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Pseudomonas stutzeri/metabolismo , Selênio/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Galinha , Custos e Análise de Custo , Feminino , Células HeLa , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Fenazinas/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Eletricidade Estática , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Difração de Raios X
6.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234964, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614844

RESUMO

In this study, a facile, ecological and economical green method is described for the fabrication of iron (Fe), copper (Cu) and silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) from the extract of Syzygium cumini leaves. The obtained metal NPs were categorized using UV/Vis, SEM, TEM, FTIR and EDX-ray spectroscopy techniques. The Fe-, Cu- and Ag-NPs were crystalline, spherical and size ranged from 40-52, 28-35 and 11-19 nm, respectively. The Ag-NPs showed excellent antimicrobial activities against methicillin- and vancomycin-resistance Staphylococcus aureus bacterial strains and Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus fungal species. Furthermore, the aflatoxins (AFs) production was also significantly inhibited when compared with the Fe- and Cu-NPs. In contrast, the adsorption results of NPs with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) were observed as following order Fe->Cu->Ag-NPs. The Langmuir isotherm model well described the equilibrium data by the sorption capacity of Fe-NPs (105.3 ng mg-1), Cu-NPs (88.5 ng mg-1) and Ag-NPs (81.7 ng mg-1). The adsorption was found feasible, endothermic and follow the pseudo-second order kinetic model as revealed by the thermodynamic and kinetic studies. The present findings suggests that the green synthesis of metal NPs is a simple, sustainable, non-toxic, economical and energy-effective as compared to the others conventional approaches. In addition, synthesized metal NPs might be a promising AFs adsorbent for the detoxification of AFB1 in human and animal food/feed.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Biotecnologia/métodos , Cobre , Química Verde/métodos , Ferro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Prata , Desintoxicação por Sorção , Syzygium/metabolismo , Adsorção , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Aspergillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus flavus/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Química Analítica , Cobre/administração & dosagem , Cobre/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Ferro/administração & dosagem , Ferro/farmacologia , Cinética , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Oxirredução , Prata/administração & dosagem , Prata/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Termodinâmica , Vancomicina/farmacologia
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0230464, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645102

RESUMO

The current study focuses on the usage of bio synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles to increase the tissue culture efficiency of important forage grass Panicum virgatum. Zinc being a micronutrient enhanced the callogenesis and regeneration efficiency of Panicum virgatum at different concentrations. Here, we synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles through Cymbopogon citratus leaves extract to evaluate the effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles on plant regeneration ability in switchgrass. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) validate phase purity of green synthesize Zinc oxide nanoparticles whereas, electron microscopy (SEM) has illustrated the average size of particle 50±4 nm with hexagonal rod like shape. Energy dispersive spectroscopy X-ray (EDS) depicted major peaks of Zn (92.68%) while minor peaks refer to Oxygen (7.32%). ZnO-NPs demonstrated the incredibly promising results against callogenesis. Biosynthesized ZnO-NPs at optimum concentration showed very promising effect on plant regeneration ability. Both the explants, seeds and nodes showed dose dependent response and upon high doses exceeding 40 mg/L the results were recorded negative, whereas at 30 mg/L both explants demonstrated 70% and 76% regeneration frequency. The results conclude that ZnO-NPs enhance the plant growth and development and tailored the nutritive properties at nano-scale. Furthermore, eco-friendly approach of ZnO-NPs synthesis is strongly believed to improve in vitro regeneration frequencies in several other monocot plants.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Panicum/efeitos dos fármacos , Panicum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia , Cymbopogon , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Regeneração , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X , Óxido de Zinco/síntese química
8.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3471-3482, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547008

RESUMO

Introduction: Nanoparticles are at the forefront of rapidly developing nanotechnology and have gained much attention for their application as an effective drug delivery system and as a mediated therapeutic agent for cancer. However, the cytotoxicity of nanoparticles is still relatively unknown and, therefore, additional study is required in order to elucidate the potential toxicity of these nanoparticles on cells. Materials and Methods: Thus, the following work aimed to investigate the capability of Beta vulgaris (beetroot) water extract (BWE; 200 mg/kg) to protect hepatic tissue following silver nanoparticles (AgNPs; 80 mg/kg; >100 nm) intoxication in male rats. Results: AgNPs-intoxication elevated the liver function markers - including serum transaminases and alkaline phosphatase activities - and decreased serum levels of albumin and total proteins, in addition to disturbing the oxidation homeostasis. This is evidenced by the increased lipid peroxidation, the depleted glutathione, and the suppressed activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase. In addition, an apoptotic reaction was observed following AgNPs treatment, as indicated by the up-regulation of p53 and down-regulating Bcl-2 expressions, examined by the immunohistochemistry method. Furthermore, AgNPs exhibited a marked elevation in liver DNA damage that was indicated by an increase in tail length, tail DNA% and tail movement. However, BWE eliminated the biochemical and histological alterations, reflecting its hepatoprotection effect in response to AgNPs. Discussion: Collectively, the present data suggest that BWE could be used following AgNPs as a potential therapeutic intervention to minimize AgNPs-induced liver toxicity.


Assuntos
Beta vulgaris/química , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Fígado/patologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade , Animais , Dano ao DNA , Fragmentação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3377-3389, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494136

RESUMO

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of hepatic diseases all over the world. This necessitates the need to discover novel anti-HCV drugs to overcome emerging drug resistance and liver complications. Purpose: Total extract and petroleum ether fraction of the marine sponge (Amphimedon spp.) were used for silver nanoparticle (SNP) synthesis to explore their HCV NS3 helicase- and protease-inhibitory potential. Methods: Characterization of the prepared SNPs was carried out with ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The metabolomic profile of different Amphimedon fractions was assessed using liquid chromatography coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry. Fourteen known compounds were isolated and their HCV helicase and protease activities assessed using in silico modeling of their interaction with both HCV protease and helicase enzymes to reveal their anti-HCV mechanism of action. In vitro anti-HCV activity against HCV NS3 helicase and protease was then conducted to validate the computation results and compared to that of the SNPs. Results: Transmission electron-microscopy analysis of NPs prepared from Amphimedon total extract and petroleum ether revealed particle sizes of 8.22-14.30 nm and 8.22-9.97 nm, and absorption bands at λmax of 450 and 415 nm, respectively. Metabolomic profiling revealed the richness of Amphimedon spp. with different phytochemical classes. Bioassay-guided isolation resulted in the isolation of 14 known compounds with anti-HCV activity, initially revealed by docking studies. In vitro anti-HCV NS3 helicase and protease assays of both isolated compounds and NPs further confirmed the computational results. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that Amphimedon, total extract, petroleum ether fraction, and derived NPs are promising biosources for providing anti-HCV drug candidates, with nakinadine B and 3,4-dihydro-6-hydroxymanzamine A the most potent anti-HCV agents, possessing good oral bioavailability and penetration power.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , DNA Helicases/antagonistas & inibidores , Química Verde , Metabolômica , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Poríferos/química , Prata/farmacologia , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/antagonistas & inibidores , Alcanos/química , Animais , Antivirais/farmacologia , Hepacivirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Oceano Índico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3621-3637, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547018

RESUMO

Background: Physicochemical parameters such as temperature, pH, the concentration of the AgNO3 and ratio of reactants act synergistically to influence the reaction kinetics, molecular mechanics, enzymatic catalysis and protein conformations that aid to affect the size, shape and biochemical corona of nanoparticles. The present study was performed to investigate the influence of reaction parameters on the bio-fabrication of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by using Mentha arvensis and to determine their potential to control the proliferation of colon cancer cells'. Methods: Plant-mediated method was used for the bio-fabrication and stabilization of AgNPs. Reaction parameters were arranged, and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands of AgNPs were collected by using a UV-Visible spectrophotometer. NPs were characterized structurally and optically by using SEM, AFM, EDX and DLS techniques. AgNPs and plant aqueous extract were tested against HCT116 colon cancer cells by using SRB assay, Annexin V assay and cell cycle analysis. Results: Spectrophotometric comparison of various reaction conditions manifested that 5 mM of AgNO3, 60 °C in an acidic pH and a mixing ratio of 1:9 of plant extract and AgNO3, respectively, are the optimized conditions for AgNP synthesis. Structural evaluation by SEM, AFM and particle size analysis confirmed that the NPs are <100 nm and are anisotropic, spherical, triangular and moderately dispersed in the colloidal mixture. SRB assay expressed biomass-stabilized AgNPs as effective cytotoxic particles against HCT116 colon cancer cells, and the IC50 was measured at 1.7 µg/mL. Annexin V apoptosis assay further confirmed that the AgNPs induce apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Experimental evidence manifested that the AgNPs arrest cell cycle and expressed entrapment of a greater number of cells in the Sub-G1 phase, further verifying the anticancer abilities of AgNPs. Conclusion: These findings explain the synergistic effects of physicochemical parameters to optimize the phytosynthesis of biocompatible AgNPs to overcome the limitations of conventional chemotherapeutic treatments of colon cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Mentha/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Catálise , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Temperatura
11.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3791-3801, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547028

RESUMO

Purpose: Paclitaxel is a generic drug produced based on Taxol which is an extract of Taxus tree, well known for its anticancer and antibacterial effects. This study was aimed at building up an agent with the antibacterial and anticancer benefits of both the silver ions and Taxol, together with less cytotoxic effects. Materials and Methods: Colloidal silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by reducing aqueous AgNO3 with aqueous Taxus leaf extract at nonphotomediated conditions, without any catalyst, template or surfactant. The AgNP production was confirmed by ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier-transform infrared (FTI) spectroscopy. The MTT assay for human breast cancer cells as well as the DAPI fluorescent staining microscopy tested the biocompatibility and anticancer effects of AgNPs, silver nitrate, and Taxol. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) techniques were performed to determine the shape and size of the nanoparticles. MTT assay showed the best inhibitory concentration of AgNPs on cancer cells. The antibacterial activity of the three case study materials was tested for gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) using well diffusion test. Results: This work proposes more anticancer effects for AgNP made by Taxus brevifolia extract, comparing Taxol solution. IC50 was observed as 3.1 mM for Taxol while 1.5 mM for new AgNP. Moreover, Taxus showed no antibacterial effects while the new AgNP showed a dose-dependent biocompatibility along with slightly more antibacterial effects (MIC: 1.6 and 6.6mM for gram-positive and -negative bacteria, respectively) comparing with silver nitrate solution (MIC: 1.5 and 6.2 mM for gram-positive and -negative bacteria, respectively). Conclusion: The production of herbal-mediated silver nanoparticles may be an efficient substitution for the silver nitrate-based medicines with less side effects.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Química Verde/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Prata/farmacologia , Taxus/química , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/química , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2541-2553, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368039

RESUMO

Background: In the emerging field of nanotechnology, copper oxide (CuO) nanomaterials are considered to be one of the most important transition metal oxides owing to its fascinating properties. Its synthesis from green chemistry principles is gaining importance as next-generation antibiotics due to its simplicity, eco-friendliness, and cost-effectiveness. In the present study, CuO nanorods (CuO NRs) were synthesized from the aqueous fruit extract of Momordica charantia and characterized using different analytical techniques. Further, the biomedical therapeutic potential was evaluated against multi-drug resistant microbial strains. Materials and Methods: To synthesize CuO NRs, 0.1M of CuSO4.5H2O solution was added to aqueous extract of Momordica charantia in a 1:3 (v/v) ratio (pH=11) and heated at 50°C followed by washing and drying. The synthesized CuO NRs were subjected to characterization using different analytical techniques such as UV visible spectroscopy, zeta sizer equipped with zeta potential, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Further, the application as a biomedical therapeutic potential was evaluated in vitro using well diffusion method against eleven multidrug-resistant clinical bacterial strains, a fungus- Trichophyton rubrum and in ovo against the R2B virus using haemagglutination (HA) test. Results: Characterization was preliminarily done by the spectral study that confirms the absorbance band at 245nm. FTIR analysis at 628 cm-1 peak identified copper oxide vibration. SEM analysis revealed agglomerated particle clusters. However, with TEM clear nanorods of average diameter of 61.48 ± 2 nm were observed. EDAX confirmed CuO formation while XRD showed a typical monoclinic structure with 6 nm crystallite size. Biological screening of CuO NRs showed significant results against both in vitro and in ovo methods. Significant inhibitory activity (p<0.0001) was noted against most of the resistant human pathogenic strains including both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The highest efficacy was observed against Bacillus cereus with a 31.66 mm zone of inhibition. Besides, the therapeutic potential of CuO NRs against Corynebacterium xerosis, Streptococcus viridians and R2B strain of Newcastle disease is reported for the first time. Conclusion: Based on the present results, it could be expected that green synthesized CuO NRs would find potential applications in the field of nanomedicine.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Química Verde , Momordica charantia/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Animais , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Galinhas , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Hemaglutinação , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Nanotubos/química , Nanotubos/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Espectrometria por Raios X , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Eletricidade Estática , Difração de Raios X
13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2605-2615, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368043

RESUMO

Objective: This paper introduces a simple one-step and ultra-fast method for synthesis of highly photothermally active polypyrrole-coated gold nanoparticles. The synthesis process is so simple that the reaction is very fast without the need for any additives or complicated steps. Methodology: Polypyrrole-coated gold nanoparticles (AuPpy NPs) were synthesized by reacting chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) with pyrrole (monomer) in aqueous medium at room temperature. These nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible-NIR spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), AC conductivity, zeta sizer and were evaluated for dark cytotoxicity and photocytotoxicity using human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell line as a model for cancer cells. Results: The synthesized AuPpy NPs showed a peak characteristic for gold nanoparticles (530-600 nm, molar ratio dependent) and a wide absorption band along the visible-NIR region with intensity about triple or even quadruple that of polypyrrole synthesized by the conventional FeCl3 method at the same concentration and under the same conditions. TEM imaging showed that the synthesized AuPpy NPs were composed of spherical or semi-spherical gold core(s) of about 4-10 nm coated with distinct layer(s) of polypyrrole seen either loosely or in clusters. Mean sizes of the synthesized nanoparticles range between ~25 and 220 nm (molar ratio dependent). Zeta potentials of the AuPpy NPs preparations indicate their good colloidal stability. AC conductivity values of AuPpy NPs highly surpass that of Ppy prepared by the conventional FeCl3 method. AuPpy NPs were non-toxic even at high concentrations (up to 1000 µM pyrrole monomer equivalent) under dark conditions. Unlikely, light activated the photothermal activity of AuPpy NPs in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion: This method simply and successfully synthesized AuPpy NPs nanoparticles that represent a safe alternative photothermally active multifunctional tool instead of highly toxic and non-biodegradable gold nanorods.


Assuntos
Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Ouro/química , Luz , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Polímeros/química , Pirróis/química , Temperatura , Morte Celular , Cloretos/química , Condutividade Elétrica , Compostos de Ouro/química , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Polímeros/síntese química , Pirróis/síntese química , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Eletricidade Estática
14.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3207-3215, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440119

RESUMO

Objectives: The first objective of this study was to prepare sodium fluoride (NaF) solution with various concentrations of polyethylene glycol-coated silver nanoparticles (PEG-AgNPs). The second objective was to study the antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans and the tooth-staining effect of the solution. Methods: PEG-AgNPs were prepared via the one-step chemical reduction of silver acetate with thiolated polyethylene glycol. The PEG-AgNPs were characterized with ultraviolet-visible spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) for the PEG-AgNPs against Streptococcus mutans and human gingival fibroblasts (HGF-1) were determined. The staining effect on dentin and enamel for the 2.5% NaF solutions with PEG-AgNPs at 12,800, 6400, 1600, and 400 ppm was investigated using digital spectrophotometry. The IC50 of the fluoridated silver nanoparticles against Streptococcus mutans were measured. Results: The PEG-AgNPs have an average diameter of 2.56±0.43 nm and showed excellent stability at high ionic strength (2.5% NaF) for 18 months. The IC50 of PEG-AgNPs against Streptococcus mutans was found to be 21.16±1.08 ppm silver, which was half of IC50 against HGF-1 cells (42.36±1.12 ppm), providing a working range to kill bacteria with no harm to human cells. The formulations with different concentrations of PEG-AgNPs showed no significant staining of teeth. Combining PEG-AgNPs with NaF significantly expanded the therapeutic window against Streptococcus mutans by reducing its IC50. Conclusion: A biocompatible solution of NaF with PEG-AgNPs was developed. Because it has antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans and no tooth-staining effect, it can be used as an anti-caries agent.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Fluoretos/síntese química , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/uso terapêutico , Coloração e Rotulagem , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Cariostáticos/farmacologia , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Gengiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Prata/farmacologia , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
ACS Nano ; 14(6): 7617-7627, 2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437124

RESUMO

The current outbreak of the pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) demands its rapid, convenient, and large-scale diagnosis to downregulate its spread within as well as across the communities. But the reliability, reproducibility, and selectivity of majority of such diagnostic tests fail when they are tested either to a viral load at its early representation or to a viral gene mutated during its current spread. In this regard, a selective "naked-eye" detection of SARS-CoV-2 is highly desirable, which can be tested without accessing any advanced instrumental techniques. We herein report the development of a colorimetric assay based on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), when capped with suitably designed thiol-modified antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) specific for N-gene (nucleocapsid phosphoprotein) of SARS-CoV-2, could be used for diagnosing positive COVID-19 cases within 10 min from the isolated RNA samples. The thiol-modified ASO-capped AuNPs agglomerate selectively in the presence of its target RNA sequence of SARS-CoV-2 and demonstrate a change in its surface plasmon resonance. Further, the addition of RNaseH cleaves the RNA strand from the RNA-DNA hybrid leading to a visually detectable precipitate from the solution mediated by the additional agglomeration among the AuNPs. The selectivity of the assay has been monitored in the presence of MERS-CoV viral RNA with a limit of detection of 0.18 ng/µL of RNA having SARS-CoV-2 viral load. Thus, the current study reports a selective and visual "naked-eye" detection of COVID-19 causative virus, SARS-CoV-2, without the requirement of any sophisticated instrumental techniques.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/genética , Oligonucleotídeos Antissenso/genética , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Sequência de Bases , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Colorimetria/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Genes Virais , Ouro , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Capuzes de RNA/genética , RNA Viral/genética , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos
16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2051, 2020 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345967

RESUMO

A key challenge for designing hybrid materials is the development of chemical tools to control the organization of inorganic nanoobjects at low scales, from mesoscopic (~µm) to nanometric (~nm). So far, the most efficient strategy to align assemblies of nanoparticles consists in a bottom-up approach by decorating block copolymer lamellae with nanoobjects. This well accomplished procedure is nonetheless limited by the thermodynamic constraints that govern copolymer assembly, the entropy of mixing as described by the Flory-Huggins solution theory supplemented by the critical influence of the volume fraction of the block components. Here we show that a completely different approach can lead to tunable 2D lamellar organization of nanoparticles with homopolymers only, on condition that few elementary rules are respected: 1) the polymer spontaneously allows a structural preorganization, 2) the polymer owns functional groups that interact with the nanoparticle surface, 3) the nanoparticles show a surface accessible for coordination.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Peptídeos/química , Platina/química , Polímeros/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Polimerização
17.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231276, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Alloyed metallic nanoparticles of silver and copper are effective against intracellular infection. However, systemic toxicity may arise due to the non-specific delivery of the nanoparticles. In addressing the issue, this study deals with the targeting of silver-copper-boron (ACB) nanoparticles to infected osteoblasts, which could decrease systemic toxicity and form the basis of targeting specific markers expressed in bone infections. METHODS: ACB nanoparticles were synthesized and conjugated to the Cadherin-11 antibody (OBAb). The effect of targeting nanoparticles against extracellular and intracellular S. aureus was determined by enumeration of bacterial growth. The binding of the targeting nanoparticles to infected osteoblasts as well as the visualization of live/dead bacteria due to treatment was carried out using fluorescence microscopy. MTT assay was used to determine the viability of osteoblasts with different concentrations of the nanoparticles. RESULTS: The ACB nanoparticles conjugated to OBAb (ACB-OBAb) were effective against extracellular S. aureus. The ACB-OBAb nanoparticles showed a 1.32 log reduction of intracellular S. aureus at a concentration of 1mg/L. The ACB-OBAb nanoparticles were able to bind to the infected osteoblast and showed toxicity to osteoblasts at levels ≥20mg/L. Also, the percentage of silver, copper, and boron in the nanoparticles determined the effectiveness of their antibacterial activity. CONCLUSION: The ACB-OBAb nanoparticles were able to target the osteoblasts and demonstrated significant antibacterial activity against intracellular S. aureus. Targeting shows promise as a strategy to target specific markers expressed on infected osteoblasts for efficient nanoparticle delivery, and further animal studies are recommended to test its efficacy in vivo.


Assuntos
Ligas/farmacologia , Osso e Ossos/citologia , Boro/farmacologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Espaço Intracelular/microbiologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Caderinas/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Espaço Intracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/microbiologia
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 1499-1515, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32189965

RESUMO

Purpose: Some chemotherapeutics have been shown to induce both the release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and the production of type I interferon (IFN-I), leading to immunogenic cell death (ICD). However, the standard chemotherapy drug for glioma, temozolomide (TMZ), cannot induce ICD as it cannot activate IFN-I signaling. Moreover, inefficient delivery of immunostimulants across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the main obstacle to overcome in order to induce local immune responses in the brain. Methods: A new oligonucleotide nanoformulation (Au@PP)/poly(I:C)) was constructed by coating gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with methoxypolyethylene glycol (mPEG)-detachable (d)-polyethyleneimine (PEI) (Au@PP) followed by inducing the formation of electrostatic interactions with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)). Intracranial GL261 tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice were used to explore the therapeutic outcomes of Au@PP/poly(I:C) plus TMZ in vivo. The anti-tumor immune response in the brain induced by this treatment was analyzed by RNA sequencing and immunohistochemical analyses. Results: Au@PP/poly(I:C) induced IFN-I production after endocytosis into glioma cells in vitro. Additionally, Au@PP/poly(I:C) was efficiently accumulated in the glioma tissue after intranasal administration, which allowed the nanoformulation to enter the brain while bypassing the BBB. Furthermore, Au@PP/poly(I:C) plus TMZ significantly improved the overall survival of the tumor-bearing mice compared with group TMZ only. RNA sequencing and immunohistochemical analyses revealed efficient immune response activation and T lymphocyte infiltration in the Au@PP/poly(I:C) plus TMZ group. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that intranasal administration of Au@PP/poly(I:C) combined with TMZ induces ICD, thereby stimulating an in situ immune response to inhibit glioma growth.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/imunologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Administração Intranasal , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Ouro/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Poli I-C/síntese química , Poli I-C/química , Polietilenoglicóis/síntese química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polietilenoimina/síntese química , Polietilenoimina/química , Análise de Sobrevida , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Temozolomida/farmacologia , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico
19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 1693-1708, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32210560

RESUMO

Introduction: Cancer treatment using functionalized vehicles in order to block involved genes has attracted a remarkable interest. In this study, we investigated the cellular uptake and cytotoxic effects of three sizes of anti Bcl-2 DNAi-conjugated gold nanoparticles by MCF-7 cells. Methods: Three different sizes of gold nanoparticles were synthesized by citrate reduction method and after characterization, the nanoparticles were functionalized by Bcl-2 targeted DNAi. Cell internalization of the nanoparticles was analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy and light microscopy. The cytotoxic effects of the nanoparticles were investigated by MTT assay, flow cytometry and RT-PCR of the target gene. Results: While poor cell internalization of bare gold nanoparticles was observed, the results demonstrated that cellular uptake of DNAi-conjugated gold nanoparticles is completely size-dependent, and the largest nanoparticle (~42 nm) revealed the highest internalization rate compared to other sizes (~14 and ~26 nm). Experimental findings showed that the DNAi-conjugated gold nanoparticles induced apoptotic pathway by silencing of the targeted Bcl-2 gene. In addition, supplementary theoretical studies demonstrated that the 42 nm DNAi-conjugated gold nanoparticles have great photothermal conversion efficiency for treatment under external illumination and these nanoparticles can be induced further cytotoxic effect by approximately 10°C temperature elevations. Conclusion: Remarkable photothermal properties of DNAi-conjugated 42 nm Au-NPs in parallel with their high cell internalization and cytotoxic effects introduce them as potential dual functional anticancer nanosystems.


Assuntos
DNA/administração & dosagem , Inativação Gênica , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Oncogenes , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Endocitose , Ouro/química , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Temperatura
20.
J Chromatogr A ; 1620: 461026, 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178860

RESUMO

Sensitive and specific analysis of zearalenone (ZEN) mycotoxin in cereals for ensuring food safety is critical and remains challenging. Herein, a new gold nanoparticles @aptamer-functionalized hybrid affinity monolithic column was proposed and employed for online specific recognition of ZEN by HPLC. Characterization on the morphology, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area mechanical stability and specific performance of the obtained affinity monolith were investigated. A super-high aptamer coverage density could reach 3636 pmol/µL, which is preferable to gain an effective analysis of ZEN with high specificity and a low interference of co-existed substances including typical α-Zearalenol (α-ZOL) and Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). The sensitive recognition of trace ZEN was obtained with the limit of detection (LOD) as low as 0.05 ng/mL. Applied to real cereal samples, satisfactory recoveries were obtained in the range of 91.6 ± 1.4%-97.8 ± 2.6% (n = 3) in corn, 93.8 ± 3.1%-95.0 ± 3.6% (n = 3) in wheat, and 90.9 ± 4.7%-94.7 ± 3.8% (n = 3) in rice, respectively. The results on quantitative analysis were similar to that of LC-MS and better than that obtained by using immunoaffinity column (IAC) or molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP). This protocol provided an efficient access to high-efficient online specific recognition of ZEN in cereals by using such an aptamer-affinity capillary monolithic column.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Sistemas On-Line , Zearalenona/análise , Calibragem , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Grão Comestível/química , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Permeabilidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Triticum/química , Zea mays/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA