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1.
Health Commun ; 36(1): 42-49, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225758

RESUMO

COVID-19 created a substantial set of challenges for health communication practitioners in the process of planning, implementing, and evaluating entertainment-education (EE) campaigns. EE is a theory and evidence-based communication strategy that employs entertainment media for educational messaging. Here, we briefly review EE campaigns in response to previous health emergencies and present three cases of EE responses to the COVID-19 pandemic from leading global organizations (PCI Media, BBC Media Action, and Sesame Workshop). Responses ranged from adaptation and re-distribution of existing content to creating new content under social-distancing restrictions and utilizing transmedia. These cases demonstrate that EE initiatives responding to future pandemics may be well served by starting with existing infrastructure to quickly build capacity, support, and trust; working with partners to tailor programs to the local context; and continuing to focus on good storytelling while simultaneously considering evolving media formats and theory.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Educação em Saúde/organização & administração , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Narração , Fortalecimento Institucional , Competência Cultural , Humanos , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais , Pandemias , Mídias Sociais , Confiança
2.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 892-911, out.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145566

RESUMO

Este artigo se propõe a analisar cenas de parto exibidas em telenovelas brasileiras, criteriosamente selecionadas, com o objetivo de identificar as representações de diferentes formas de violência obstétrica, explícitas ou veladas. Para tanto, optamos por dois métodos complementares: a análise de conteúdo e a análise de imagens em movimento. Como resultado, identificamos três eixos que abarcam as diferentes expressões midiatizadas da violência contra a parturiente: violência pela situação, violência pelo abandono e violência direta. Na discussão, pontuamos consonâncias e dissonâncias entre ficção e realidade, além da falta de problematização acerca do tema, o que, de forma sintomática, contribui para a sua naturalização.


This article proposes to analyze scenes of childbirth broadcasted by Brazilian soap operas, carefully selected, aiming to identify the representation of different forms of obstetric violence, explicit or veiled. Therefore, we selected two complementary methods: the content analysis and the analysis of moving images. As a result, we have identified three axes that include the different expressions of the violence against the parturient by the media: violence by situation, violence by abandonment and direct violence. Through the discussion, we pointed consonances and dissonances between fiction and reality, as well as the lack of problematization regarding the theme, which, symptomatically, contributes to its naturalization.


Este artículo se propone a analizar escenas de parto exhibidas en telenovelas brasileñas, criteriosamente seleccionadas, con el objetivo de identificar las representaciones de diferentes formas de violencia obstétrica, explicitas o veladas. Para eso, optamos por dos métodos complementares: el análisis de contenido y el análisis de imágenes en movimiento. Como resultado, identificamos tres ejes que abarcan las diversas expresiones mediatizadas de la violencia contra la parturiente: violencia por la situación, violencia por abandono y violencia directa. En la discusión, puntuamos consonancias y disonancias entre ficción y realidad, además de la falta de problematización acerca del tema, lo que, de forma sintomática, contribuye para su naturalización.


Assuntos
Humanos , Televisão , Violência , Encenação , Parto , Gestantes , Comportamento Social , Saúde da Mulher , Comunicação , Participação da Comunidade , Obra de Ficção , Narração , Filmes Cinematográficos
3.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 21(2): 41-54, jul.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1125730

RESUMO

A teoria do estresse de minoria (EM) defende que minorias sociais vivenciam estressores específicos adicionais aos estressores cotidianos. Fatores individuais e do meio podem funcionar como fatores de risco e/ou de proteção no comprometimento da saúde mental de pessoas LGB. O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar e discutir a teoria do EM em indivíduos LGB por meio de uma revisão narrativa. Compreender a ocorrência do EM em pessoas LGB pode auxiliar na elaboração de planos interventivos, de ordem clínica ou social, com o objetivo de minimizar os efeitos do preconceito nestes indivíduos.


The minority stress (MS) theory argues that social minorities experience specific stressors added to everyday stressors. Individual and contextual factors can function as risk and/or protective factors without compromising the mental health of LGB people. This study aims to present and discuss the theory of MS in LGB individuals through a narrative review. Understanding the occurrence of MS in LGB people can assist in the elaboration of intervention plans, of a clinical or social nature to minimize the effects of prejudice in these situations.


La teoría del estrés de minoría (EM) argumenta que las minorías sociales experimentan factores estresantes que se agregan a los factores estresantes cotidianos. Los factores individuales y contextuales pueden funcionar como factores de riesgo o protectores sin comprometer la salud mental de las personas LGB. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar y discutir la teoría de EM en individuos LGB a través de una revisión narrativa. Comprender el EM en personas LGB puede ayudar en la elaboración de planes de intervención, de naturaleza clínica o social, con el objetivo de minimizar los efectos de los prejuicios en estas situaciones.


Assuntos
Preconceito , Estresse Psicológico , Saúde Mental , Risco , Vulnerabilidade Social , Narração , Compreensão , Fatores de Proteção , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Angústia Psicológica , Grupos Minoritários
4.
Acad Med ; 95(12S Addressing Harmful Bias and Eliminating Discrimination in Health Professions Learning Environments): S121-S130, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229956

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Efforts to address inequities in medical education are centered on a dialogue of deficits that highlight negative underrepresented in medicine (UIM) learner experiences and lower performance outcomes. An alternative narrative explores perspectives on achievement and equity in assessment. This study sought to understand UIM learner perceptions of successes and equitable assessment practices. METHOD: Using narrative research, investigators selected a purposeful sample of self-identified UIM fourth-year medical students and senior-level residents and conducted semistructured interviews. Questions elicited personal stories of achievement during clinical training, clinical assessment practices that captured achievement, and equity in clinical assessment. Using re-storying and thematic analysis, investigators coded transcripts and synthesized data into themes and representative stories. RESULTS: Twenty UIM learners (6 medical students and 14 residents) were interviewed. Learners often thought about equity during clinical training and provided personal definitions of equity in assessment. Learners shared stories that reflected their achievements in patient care, favorable assessment outcomes, and growth throughout clinical training. Sound assessments that captured achievements included frequent observations with real-time feedback on predefined expectations by supportive, longitudinal clinical supervisors. Finally, equitable assessment systems were characterized as sound assessment systems that also avoided comparison to peers, used narrative assessment, assessed patient care and growth, trained supervisors to avoid bias, and acknowledged learner identity. CONCLUSIONS: UIM learners characterized equitable and sound assessment systems that captured achievements during clinical training. These findings guide future efforts to create an inclusive, fair, and equitable clinical assessment experience.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Avaliação Educacional/normas , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/normas , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Narração , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207740

RESUMO

The world has been affected by an outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Health care workers are among those most at risk of contracting the virus. In the fight against the coronavirus, nurses play a critical role. Still, most social media platforms demonstrate that nurses fear that their health is not being prioritized. The purpose of this study is to investigate nurses' experiences through analyzing the main themes shared on Instagram by nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. In contrast with highly structured research, the current paper highlights nurses' natural language use in describing their experiences during the first months of the outbreak in their workplace. Instagram captions were utilized as a data source. Leximancer was utilized for the content analysis of nurses' narratives towards their coronavirus experience. We sought to accomplish three research objectives: the first was to identify the main themes in the descriptions of nurses' experiences shared via their social media, specifically Instagram; then, to determine the relationships among concepts, and finally, to give useful implications based on the findings. The current study uses a qualitative (i.e., narratives) approach to analyze the main components of the nurses' experiences during the pandemic. The Leximancer software analysis revealed nine major textual themes and the relationships among these themes. In order of the relative importance, the themes were "patients", "coronavirus", "exhaustion", "family", "hospital", "personal protective equipment" (PPE), "shift", "fear", and "uncertainty". The results offer practical implications based on the social media information regarding nurses' overall experiences.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Narração , Mídias Sociais
7.
J Bioeth Inq ; 17(4): 539-541, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169268

RESUMO

This is a personal account of one man's experience of the months during which COVID-19 spread in Australia. Though personal, it aims to also be representative, so that readers will find in it reflections of their own experiences. Various social incidents are described, some in which social distancing is involved. The altering states of the author's mind as time passes are carefully described in sequence, and the impact of continued anxiety and isolation on his mental well-being is presented as a form of madness, in one dramatic incident.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , /virologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Masculino , Narração
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028030

RESUMO

Narrative messages are increasingly being used in the field of tobacco prevention. Our study is based on narrative persuasion and aims to analyze the psychological mechanisms that explain why the narrative voice is relevant to promote persuasive impact. An online experiment with a 2 (narrative voice) × 2 (message) factorial design was carried out. Participants (525 adult smokers) were randomly assigned to two experimental conditions (first-person versus third-person narrative message). To increase the external validity of the study, two different messages were used within each condition. After reading the narrative message the mediating and dependent variables were evaluated. Participants who read the narrative in the first person experienced greater identification. Moreover, mediational analysis showed that both counterarguing and cognitive elaboration played a significant role in the relationship between narrative voice, identification, and persuasive impact. This study confirm that narrative voice is not only an anecdotal formal choice but that it indirectly affects variables related to tobacco prevention, due to the fact that first-person messages activate a mechanism of affective connection with the message (increasing the identification with the protagonist) that decreases resistance to prevention (the counterarguing process) while simultaneously stimulating reflection or cognitive elaboration.


Assuntos
Cognição , Comunicação Persuasiva , Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Narração
9.
AMA J Ethics ; 22(10): E898-903, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103654

RESUMO

The disproportionate negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Native communities is a result of transgenerational traumas-mental and physical-which have been ongoing and developing for centuries. This article considers 19th-century American visual and narrative representations of Native experiences of and responses to transgenerational trauma. This article also suggests ethical implications for Native American health of interpreting those representations and suggests an obligation to look on 19th-century White American artists' romanticizations of Native experiences with humility.


Assuntos
Arte , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Trauma Histórico/complicações , Historiografia , Índios Norte-Americanos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Saúde da População , Violência , Arte/história , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Características da Família , Trauma Histórico/etnologia , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Narração , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estados Unidos , Violência/ética , Violência/história , Violência/psicologia
10.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(10): e2020977, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057645

RESUMO

Importance: Use of cannabidiol (CBD) has markedly increased in the past 5 years, concurrent with marketing claims that over-the-counter CBD can be used to treat almost any health condition. However, the reasons why individuals use CBD remain unclear. Objective: To assess whether individuals are using CBD for diagnosable conditions that have evidence-based therapies. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case series assessed claimed treatment applications reported by CBD users in public testimonials shared on the Reddit forum r/CBD. The r/CBD forum was selected because it includes a large, naturally occurring sample of 104 917 registered individuals who publicly discuss their experiences using CBD. All r/CBD posts were obtained from January 1, 2014, through August 31, 2019. A random sample of posts was drawn (n = 3000) and filtered to include posts in which self-identified CBD users testified why they take CBD (n = 376). Exposures: Self-reported use of CBD for medicinal purposes. Main Outcomes and Measures: Cannabidiol testimonials were divided into 11 subcategories corresponding with the condition's medical subspecialty and 2 subcategories corresponding with wellness benefits. Posts were allowed to receive more than 1 label. Results: Of the 376 posts labeled as testimonials, 90.0% (95% CI, 86.8%-92.8%) of testimonials claimed that CBD treated the individual's diagnosable conditions. Psychiatric conditions (eg, autism or depression) were the most frequently cited subcategory, mentioned in 63.9% (95% CI, 59.0%-69.1%) of testimonials, followed by orthopedic (26.4%; 95% CI, 21.8%-31.1%), sleep (14.6%; 95% CI, 11.3%-18.5%), and neurological (6.9%; 95% CI, 4.4%-9.6%) conditions. Testimonials also claimed that CBD treated gastroenterological conditions (3.9%; 95% CI, 1.9%-6.1%), as well as addiction, cardiological, dermatological, ophthalmological, oral health, and sexual health conditions (<2.0% each). By contrast, just 29.5% (95% CI, 24.8%-34.2%) of testimonies claimed any wellness benefit, with most citing mental wellness (eg, "quieting my mind") (29.5% [95% CI, 24.2%-34.4%]); 1.4% (95% CI, 0.3%-2.8%) claimed a physical wellness benefit (eg, "exercise performance"). Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this case series suggest a need for regulation of factors associated with CBD being used to treat diagnosable conditions, engagement of health care professionals with patients on their potential CBD use, and implementation of public health campaigns that encourage the public to seek treatment advice from health care professionals regarding evidence-based therapies.


Assuntos
Canabidiol/uso terapêutico , Canabinoides/uso terapêutico , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Satisfação do Paciente , Autorrelato , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Doença Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Narração , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Afr J AIDS Res ; 19(3): 231-241, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119456

RESUMO

Research on adolescent sexuality, health and parenting has gained much attention in recent years. This growing body of research, however, has arguably limited qualitative outputs on HIV-positive adolescent mothers' sexual and reproductive health choices, needs, and rights in South Africa that could lead to informed policymaking. Through in-depth interviews conducted with a select group of ten HIV-positive adolescents and three key informants, the article explores the sexual, motherhood, risk discourses and reproductive health issues and rights of HIV-positive adolescent mothers as they come to terms with choices they have made and the challenges ahead. The findings highlight the dominant narratives on what are deemed to be the forces that shape these adolescent mothers' new social realities. With existing policies in place for adolescents, it is argued that a "one-size-fits-all" policy approach does not work, especially for HIV-positive adolescent mothers. Drawing on this identified gap and the tensions between individual needs, and the public welfare provision, the article highlights the need for tailored policy that will accommodate and promote the overall well-being of HIV-positive adolescent mothers and their children.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Mentores , Mães/psicologia , Grupo Associado , Adolescente/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Mentores/legislação & jurisprudência , Mães/legislação & jurisprudência , Narração , Formulação de Políticas , Saúde Reprodutiva , Comportamento Sexual , África do Sul/epidemiologia
12.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190130, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053088

RESUMO

PURPOSE: 1) Compare the discourse performance between young and older adults from the Brazilian Federal District (DF); 2) Compare the mean discourse performance of participants from the DF with the normative discourse of a population from a different region of the country; 3) Verify whether the variables age, educational level and socioeconomic status and scores on the cognitive, behavioral and functional screening tests were associated with discourse performance. METHOD: A total of 60 healthy volunteers from the DF, 30 older adults and 30 young adults, were selected. Participants were divided into two subgroups according to educational level: low education and high education. The four narrative discourse subtests of the Montreal Communication Evaluation Battery, Brazilian Portuguese version (MAC-BR) were applied to the study sample. RESULTS: Discourse scores of the older adults were statistically higher than those of the young adults. The discourse scores in the high education group were also better than those in the low education group, with statistically significant difference observed in only one of the MAC-BR subtests. Discourse performance was associated with the sociodemographic variable and the scores on the cognitive and functional screening tests. The discourse performance of the DF sample differed from the national normative discourse with statistically significant difference. CONCLUSION: The discourse performance of older adults from the Brazilian Federal District differed from that of young adults from the same region, as well as from that of older adults from southern Brazil. Discourse performance was associated with several different variables.


Assuntos
Narração , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil , Demografia , Escolaridade , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Acute Med ; 19(3): 114-115, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020752

RESUMO

Story telling is a human universal. It is as old as language. Creating and relating narratives form an integral part of how physicians understand and communicate about our patients and their diseases. We ask our patients to help us develop their story ('tell me about when all of this first started'), and then we tell their story back to them to facilitate our understanding ('let me just check I understood; this is how things have progressed'). We use individual patients to anchor our learning in medicine; conditions are better recalled when they are attached to a specific people. Thus, we write case vignettes to improve understand when we teach others.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Narração , Humanos
15.
Soc Work Public Health ; 35(7): 523-532, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970547

RESUMO

The authors assert that art-based inquiry can serve as a powerful medium for understanding the connection between faith and resilience as perceived and understood by older African-Americans adults disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilizing the CRT method of counterstorytelling as our conduit to elucidate our culturally situated responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. We seek to explore the connections between faith and resilience in social work practice during this public health crisis. Drawing from our shared experiences as two Black social workers we discuss the role spirituality plays in mitigating loneliness and stress among socially isolated older African-American adults (i.e., social distancing). Finally, with physical contact limited (i.e., social distancing) because of COVID-19, implications and recommendations for using spiritual-based practices with older African-American adults and families are discussed.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Assistentes Sociais/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Solidão , Narração , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
18.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 644-655, jul.-set. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121790

RESUMO

O presente artigo aborda a cultura e a medicina dos povos tradicionais afro-brasileiros como determinantes sociais da saúde em diferentes grupos étnicos, suas relações existentes com processos comunicativos e a efetivação de políticas públicas, especialmente a denominada Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas em Saúde e Complementares no Sistema Único de Saúde, assim como o campo da educação patrimonial em saúde. A partir das análises de narrativas do projeto na área de comunicação e saúde por meio das linguagens das artes, realizado na Fundação Oswaldo Cruz entre 2004 e 2008, em articulação com as questões da tese de doutorado sobre as memórias da diversidade sociocultural dos povos tradicionais em suas artes de cura na Jurema Sagrada, em desenvolvimento na Pós-Graduação em Memória Social da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, este texto indica pontos importantes acerca dos processos de comunicação na educação em saúde mediante o mapeamento dos territórios do saber como estratégias de memórias e resistências de grupos étnicos.


This article examines both culture and medicine practice by the traditional Afro-Brazilian people as health social determinants in different ethnic groups, their relations with communicative processes and the implementation of public policies, specially the Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas em Saúde e Complementares no SUS (National policy of integrative and complementary health practice by SUS), and the field of heritage of health education. It is based on the narrative analysis of the project developed by Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz) from 2004 to 2008 in the communication and health area by means of art languages, related to issues proposed on PhD thesis about memories of the cultural and social diversity revealed by traditional people in its cure arts in Jurema Sagrada, in phase of development through the Programa de Pós-Graduação em Memória Social (Postgraduate program in social memory at Unirio - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. This text points out important issues about communication processes in health education through mapping of knowledge territories as strategies for memory and resistance of ethnic groups.


Este artículo analiza la cultura y la medicina de los pueblos tradicionales afro-brasileños como determinantes sociales de la salud en diferentes grupos étnicos, sus relaciones existentes con procesos comunicativos y la implementación de políticas públicas, especialmente la Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas em Saúde e Complementares no SUS (Política nacional de prácticas integrales y complentarias de salud en el SUS) y el campo de la educación patrimonial de la salud. Él se basa en el análisis de narrativas del proyecto en comunicación y salud a través de los lenguajes de las artes, realizado en la Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz) en el periodo de 2004 hasta 2008, relacionado con las cuestiones de tesis doctoral sobre las memorias de la diversidad sociocultural de pueblos tradicionales revelada en sus artes curativas en Jurema Sagrada, en desarrollo en el Programa de Pós-Graduação em Memória Social (Programa de posgrado en memoria social) de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Unirio). El presente texto apunta cuestiones importantes sobre los procesos de comunicación en la educación en salud a través de la esquematización de los territorios del saber como estrategias de memorias e resistencia de los grupos étnicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação em Saúde , Medicina Tradicional Africana , Comunicação , Terapias Espirituais , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Sistema Único de Saúde , Narração , Comunicação em Saúde
19.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 619-632, jul.-set. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121785

RESUMO

Este artigo investiga como a imprensa brasileira apresenta ao público a questão do sofrimento psíquico e do adoecimento mental de estudantes universitários. Para tanto, foi selecionado um corpus composto por 53 matérias jornalísticas obtidas nos principais veículos online do Brasil sobre o tema da saúde mental na universidade, no período de 2017 a 2019. Os textos foram analisados no sentido de identificar padrões nos modos de narrar o sofrimento estudantil, qual é o perfil dos estudantes que protagonizam as matérias, quem são os profissionais e especialistas autorizados a opinar sobre o tema e a partir de quais dados e saberes as reportagens fundamentam suas informações. O estudo indica que o sofrimento estudantil é codificado a partir da perspectiva da medicalização e poucas são as referências ao contexto socioeconômico e político no qual o mal-estar é gerado.


This article investigates how the Brazilian press covers the problem of psychological distress and mental disorders among university students. To this end, it was selected a corpus composed of 53 journalistic articles published by online media in Brazil on the subject of mental health at the university from 2017 to 2019. The texts were analyzed with the objective of identifying narrative patterns about student suffering, what is the profile of the students who appear in the articles, who are the professionals and experts whose opinions on the topic are considered legitimate and which data and knowledge are used by the articles to support their information. The study indicates that the student suffering is codified, in the analyzed articles, from the perspective of medicalization and there are few references to the socioeconomic and political context in which the malaise is caused.


Este artículo investiga cómo la prensa brasileña cubre el problema de lo sufrimiento psicológico y los trastornos mentales de los estudiantes universitarios. Con este fin, se seleccionó un corpus compuesto por 53 artículos periodísticos publicados por los medios online en Brasil sobre el tema de la salud mental en la universidad desde 2017 hasta 2019. Los textos fueron analizados con el objetivo de identificar patrones narrativos acerca del sufrimiento de los estudiantes, cual es el perfil de los estudiantes que se manifiestan en los artículos, cuales son los profesionales y expertos cuyas opiniones sobre el tema se consideran legítimas y qué datos y conocimientos utilizan los artículos para respaldar sus informaciones. El estudio indica que el sufrimiento del estudiante está codificado, en los artículos analizados, desde la perspectiva de la medicalización y hay pocas referencias al contexto socioeconómico en el que se produce el malestar.


Assuntos
Humanos , Estresse Psicológico , Universidades , Saúde Mental , Jornalismo , Medicalização , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Narração , Iniquidade Social
20.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 102, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological well-being (PWB) refers to inter- and intra-individual levels of positive functioning that include one's relatedness with others and self-referent attitudes that include one's sense of mastery and personal growth. PWB consists of hedonism and eudaimonia building on thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Sociotherapy is a community-based health intervention that contributes to the promotion of PWB worldwide. Starting from an analysis of trauma transmitted from the perpetrators and survivors of the Rwandan genocide to their descendants, this article is aimed at exploring the contribution of therapeutic sessions to PWB among youth. METHOD: A qualitative study design based on shared testimonies was carried out. Field reports from the sociotherapists, written texts, and testimonies of changes presented in the conviviality meetings were analyzed using transactional analysis. We included 24 reflexive texts upon completion of 8 months of the therapeutic program. RESULTS: Results indicated that before sociotherapy sessions, youth born to genocide survivors and perpetrators had psychosocial distress, including low self-esteem, hopelessness, anxiety, stigma, thoughts of revenge, shame, depression, and antisocial behaviors. Sociotherapy significantly contributed to the reduction of these psychosocial problems. Participating youth reported feeling safe, trusted, respected, and healthier than before the sociotherapy. This intervention created inner healing, social cohesion, alleviated their sufferings of trauma, restored their families and contributed to community resilience. Results revealed that youth developed PWB, helping them to what appeared to be psychosocial problems as being potentially healthy, enhancing self-acceptance, and respecting humanity. Youth also became the vector for the reconciliation and reconstruction of their humanity. CONCLUSION: Sociotherapy is a community health intervention that has an effective outcome on the personal well-being of of youth. This therapy impacted the individual, social, and familial resilience of youth who developed their capacity to regain and maintain health. The intervention restored their PWB, characterized by increased positive functioning specifically in the areas of autonomy, ecological mastery, individual growth, purpose in life, good relationships with others, and improved self-esteem.


Assuntos
Genocídio/psicologia , Terapia Narrativa/métodos , Psicoterapia/métodos , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Narração , Medicina Narrativa , Características de Residência , Resiliência Psicológica , Ruanda , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Análise Transacional
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