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1.
Harefuah ; 160(9): 598-602, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Partial nephrectomy is the gold standard treatment for renal tumors less than 7 cm. OBJECTIVES: To describe surgical techniques and trends of treating renal tumors less than 7 cm at our department and present the clinical outcomes of our experience with Robot-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy (RAPN). METHODS: Out of an established prospective RAPN database, we retrieved demographic, clinical, surgical and pathological parameters. Operation length was defined as the time between the first surgical incision and the last suture (skin to skin). Warm ischemia time (WIT) was defined as the time between the renal artery clamping and clamp releasing. Data is presented as mean (range, standard deviation) or numeric value (%). RESULTS: Overall, 250 RAPN cases were recorded between the years 2013-2020. Mean tumor size was 32 mm. Mean operation length was 153 minutes. Mean warm ischemia time was 17.5 minutes. Intra-operative complication rates, including converting the surgery to an open approach or to radical nephrectomy, was low. Mean estimated blood loss was 359 cc. An increase in the utilization of the robotic approach has been recorded throughout the years, with a concurrent decrease in the open and laparoscopic approaches. CONCLUSIONS: RAPN is associated with lower complication rates and superior perioperative outcomes, therefore considered a good alternative to the open and laparoscopic approaches. Thus, RAPN is the gold standard treatment for renal tumors less than 7 cm at our institute.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 282, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537060

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical outcomes and effect on intraoperative blood loss and postoperative pain of patients undergoing the retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RLPN) for complex renal tumors. METHODS: Fifty patients with complex renal tumor admitted to our hospital from February 2017 to February 2019 were selected as the research object and divided into the RLPN group (given the retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, n = 24) and the OPN group (given the open partial nephrectomy, n = 26) by number table method to compare their various perioperative indicators and serum stress response and analyze the clinical effect of different surgical methods on the complex renal tumor. RESULTS: The clinical information of patients in both groups were not significantly different (P > 0.05); in addition to the operative time, the intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, warm ischemia time, and numerical rating scale (NRS) scores of the RLPN group were clearly lower than those of the OPN group (P < 0.05); after treatment, patients in the RLPN group obtained significantly lower white blood cell (WBC) count, cortisol, and c-reactive protein (CRP) levels than the OPN group (P < 0.05); the renal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of the affected side, quality of life scores, and 3-year overall survival rate of treated patients in the RLPN group were obviously higher than those in the OPN group (P < 0.05); and patients in the RPLN group had significantly lower incidence rate (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with OPN, RLPN is more worthy of promotion and application, because it has better treatment outcomes, significantly reduces intraoperative blood loss, alleviates the body stress response and postoperative pain, and improves the quality of life.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida
3.
Hinyokika Kiyo ; 67(7): 297-301, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353009

RESUMO

Partial nephrectomy (PN) for small renal tumors has become increasingly common. Complications of PN include renal artery pseudoaneurysm (PA), a potentially life-threatening condition. However, the true incidence and natural history of PA after PN remain unclear. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective study of the radiographic characteristics of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) observed during the postoperative period. We selected 36 consecutive patients with renal carcinoma who underwent RAPN at our institution between December 2016 and May 2019. Patients with contraindications for the use of contrast medium were excluded. A total of 31 eligible patients underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) during the early postoperative period after RAPN and the incidence of PA was evaluated. Among the patients with PASs, asymptomatic PAs were followed without intervention and their clinical course was assessed using CTA at 1 to 3 months postoperatively. PA was identified in 5 out of 31 (16.1%) patients after RAPN. Median duration between PN and the first CTA was 6 days (range, 1-8). Median PA size was 13 mm (range, 8-17). All (100%) PAs were asymptomatic and resolved spontaneously, as verified by CTA during the late postoperative period. Median duration between identification of PA on early postoperative CTA and subsequent resolution was 92 days (range, 35-106). Our findings indicated that asymptomatic PA after PN can be followed without intervention.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Neoplasias Renais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26581, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical application and effect of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with renal artery branch occlusion in the treatment of early renal tumors. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 15 cases of renal tumor patients who underwent partial nephrectomy by laparoscopic selective renal artery branch occlusion in our department from January 2017 to January 2018. Nine male patients and 6 female patients were aged 46 to 65 years, with an average age of 54.3 ±â€Š7.2 years. The diameters of tumors were 2.2 to 4.0 cm, with an average of 3.3 ±â€Š0.7 cm. There are 10 tumors locating on the left side and 5 on the right side. Preoperative renal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were 77.3 to 61.9 mL/min with an average of 47.6 ±â€Š7.5 mL/min. All patients' diseased kidneys underwent renal computer tomography angiography examination before surgery. And the diseased kidney underwent reexamination of renal GFR. The operation time, renal artery branch occlusion time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, changes of renal function, and complications were evaluated. RESULTS: All surgery were completed successfully, the surgery time was 136.7 ±â€Š15.2 min, intraoperative renal artery branch occlusion time was 21.3 ±â€Š4.5 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 223.3 ±â€Š69.5 mL, the postoperative hospital stay was 6.5 ±â€Š1.7 days, and the postoperative 1-month GFR was 49.5 ±â€Š6.6 mL/min. There was no significant difference between the renal GFR before and after surgery (P > .05). There was no blood transfusion and transfer open surgery cases. The patients were followed up for 3 to 15 months without complications. CONCLUSIONS: Partial nephrectomy with selective renal artery branch occlusion by laparoscopy is a safe, feasible, and effective method for the treatment of early renal cancer. It makes good use of the technical advantages of clear operation field and fine operation of laparoscopic surgery, avoids the heat ischemia process of the whole kidney, and can better protect the renal function.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Nefrectomia , Artéria Renal , China/epidemiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Carga Tumoral
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068595

RESUMO

Systemic inflammation, from gut translocation of organismal molecules, might worsen uremic complications in acute kidney injury (AKI). The monitoring of gut permeability integrity and/or organismal molecules in AKI might be clinically beneficial. Due to the less prominence of Candida albicans in human intestine compared with mouse gut, C. albicans were orally administered in bilateral nephrectomy (BiN) mice. Gut dysbiosis, using microbiome analysis, and gut permeability defect (gut leakage), which was determined by fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran and intestinal tight-junction immunofluorescent staining, in mice with BiN-Candida was more severe than BiN without Candida. Additionally, profound gut leakage in BiN-Candida also resulted in gut translocation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and (1→3)-ß-D-glucan (BG), the organismal components from gut contents, that induced more severe systemic inflammation than BiN without Candida. The co-presentation of LPS and BG in mouse serum enhanced inflammatory responses. As such, LPS with Whole Glucan Particle (WGP, a representative BG) induced more severe macrophage responses than LPS alone as determined by supernatant cytokines and gene expression of downstream signals (NFκB, Malt-1 and Syk). Meanwhile, WGP alone did not induced the responses. In parallel, WGP (with or without LPS), but not LPS alone, accelerated macrophage ATP production (extracellular flux analysis) through the upregulation of genes in mitochondria and glycolysis pathway (using RNA sequencing analysis), without the induction of cell activities. These data indicated a WGP pre-conditioning effect on cell energy augmentation. In conclusion, Candida in BiN mice accelerated gut translocation of BG that augmented cell energy status and enhanced pro-inflammatory macrophage responses. Hence, gut fungi and BG were associated with the enhanced systemic inflammation in acute uremia.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Candida albicans/metabolismo , Inflamação/sangue , Proteoglicanas/sangue , Injúria Renal Aguda/genética , Injúria Renal Aguda/microbiologia , Animais , Candida/metabolismo , Candida albicans/patogenicidade , Disbiose/sangue , Metabolismo Energético , Humanos , Inflamação/microbiologia , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/cirurgia , Lipopolissacarídeos/sangue , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Macrófagos/patologia , Camundongos , Microbiota/genética , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos
7.
Georgian Med News ; (313): 12-20, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103423

RESUMO

Objective - to study the character of possible postoperative complications and to define the reason and frequency of postoperative hemorrhage as a complication of partial nephrectomy. From January 2008 to December 2019 were performed 175 partial nephrectomy (PN) by a single surgeon in a high volume center. 41 operations were laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN), 134 - open partial nephrectomy (OPN). In 152 cases kidney cancer was detected. Physical status, tumor volume, R.E.N.A.L. score, operative access, warm ischemia time (WIT), postoperative bleeding and its severity and treatment options were assessed in both groups of patients. Based on our study, R.E.N.A.L score may be a good tool in prognosis of a delay postoperative bleeding after nephron sparing surgery and this is statistically significant. On the other hand, single R.E.N.A.L score characteristics can't be reliable predictors of a delay bleeding. It is possible that a lack of cases with a significant postoperative bleeding in current study (6 of 175 cases) have some statistical restrictions. From our point of view, for better prognosis of delay bleeding, aside from hephrometric system it is important to take into account a proximity of a segmental arteries to a resection border, presens of any type of a coagulopathy and a preoperative antithrombotic therapy, obesity. High R.E.N.A.L score index is connected with a risk of significant postoperative bleeding, but this type of bleeding is rare after any nephron sparing surgery. Postoperative selective angioembolization is a method of choice and, in most cases, effective to stop kidney bleeding and nephron preservation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Urol ; 206(3): 539-547, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904762

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Historically, open techniques have been favored over minimally invasive approaches for complex surgeries. We aimed to identify differences in perioperative outcomes, surgical footprints, and complication rates in patients undergoing either open or robotic reoperative partial nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing reoperative partial nephrectomy was performed. Patients were assigned to cohorts based on current and prior surgical approaches: open after open, open after minimally invasive surgery, robotic after open, and robotic after minimally invasive surgery cohorts. Perioperative outcomes were compared among cohorts. Factors contributing to complications were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 192 patients underwent reoperative partial nephrectomy, including 103 in the open after open, 10 in the open after minimally invasive surgery, 47 in the robotic after open, and 32 in the robotic after minimally invasive surgery cohorts. The overall and major complication (grade ≥3) rates were 65% and 19%, respectively. The number of blood transfusions, overall complications, and major complications were significantly lower in robotic compared to open surgical cohorts. On multivariate analysis, the robotic approach was protective against major complications (OR 0.3, p=0.02) and estimated blood loss was predictive (OR 1.03, p=0.004). Prior surgical approach was not predictive for major complications. CONCLUSIONS: Reoperative partial nephrectomy is feasible using both open and robotic approaches. While the robotic approach was independently associated with fewer major complications, prior approach was not, implying that prior surgical approaches are less important to perioperative outcomes and in contributing to the overall surgical footprint.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Nefrectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
JSLS ; 25(1)2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879988

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Laparoscopic nephrectomy is now considered a feasible surgical approach, even for large kidneys. In the case of massive kidneys, laparoscopy can be problematic, so that some authors suggest an open approach. However, previous studies have shown that hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy (HALN) may represent a useful compromise.We describe our hand-assisted laparoscopic technique for nephrectomy of large kidneys (> 2500 g) to encourage the use of laparoscopy for nephrectomy in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 26 nephrectomies in 17 patients who underwent HALN for ADPKD and compared them to a group of 22 nephrectomies in 18 patients with open surgical technique. Results: The duration of the procedure was significantly longer in the laparoscopic group, with a median of 180 minutes versus 90 minutes for the unilateral nephrectomies, and 240 minutes versus 122 minutes for the bilateral procedures. The median kidney weight in the open group was 2500 g (range 1300 - 4500 g), while the median weight in the HALN group was 2375 g (range 1000 - 4700 g). The median hospital stay was comparable. No significant differences were recorded in the intra- and postoperative complication rate. Conclusion: Hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy can be considered a technique of choice for patients suffering from ADPKD requiring nephrectomy, also with massive kidneys weighing more than 3500 g. Compared to open nephrectomy, HALN can be performed safely, with reasonably longer operating times and without major complications, and offers a significant reduction in hospitalization time, pain and postoperative discomfort.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Surg Oncol ; 124(1): 135-142, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of robot-assisted laparoscopic tumor enucleation (RAE) for the treatment of renal hilar tumors and to describe our experience with renorrhaphy-related surgical techniques. METHODS: Retrospective data were collected from 173 consecutive patients who underwent RAE for localized renal tumors (cT1-cT2N0M0) at our hospital between September 2014 and November 2019. RESULTS: Seventy-five patients had renal hilar tumors and 98 patients had nonhilar tumors. There were no statistical differences between the hilar and nonhilar groups in operation time (190 [115-390] vs. 190 [110-390] min, p = 0.889), warm ischemia time (26 [12-60] vs. 27 [17-41] min, p = 0.257), hospital stay duration (8 [3-16] vs. 7.5 [4-18] days, p = 0.386), renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate, 102.5 [29.4-144] vs. 101.3 [64.2-134.7] ml/min/1.73 m2 , p = 0.631); creatinine level, (76 [43-169] vs. 78.5 [50-281.3] µmol/L, p = 0.673), perioperative complications rate, or surgical margin status. However, patients with hilar tumors lost significantly more blood than did those with nonhilar tumors (250 [50-1500] vs. 200 [20-1200] ml, p = 0.007). During the follow-up period (median, 30 months), three patients in each group experienced recurrence. The 5-year recurrence-free rates were 93.0% and 95.4% in the hilar and nonhilar tumor groups, respectively (p = 0.640). CONCLUSIONS: For experienced robot laparoscopists, RAE is a safe, effective, and feasible procedure for renal hilar tumors, without increased risk of positive surgical margins or worse midterm oncologic outcomes compared with nonhilar tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Isquemia Quente , Adulto Jovem
11.
Nefrología (Madrid) ; 41(2): 191-199, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-201572

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las consecuencias a largo plazo asociadas con la donación renal resultan controvertidas. La tasa de filtración glomerular (TFG) pre y posdonación resulta determinante en la ponderación del riesgo renal y cardiovascular. En Latinoamérica, existe escasa experiencia sobre la evaluación de la función renal por técnicas de medición del filtrado glomerular en donantes renales. Las ecuaciones MDRD y la CKD-EPI son consideradas alternativas razonables. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar el rendimiento de las ecuaciones MDRD y CKD-EPI en la dinámica del filtrado glomerular posnefrectomía en donantes renales. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo de cohorte con medición (mTFG) y estimación de la tasa de filtrado glomerular (eTFG) en 189 donantes renales con nefrectomía entre 2007 y 2016 en el Hospital Privado Universitario de Córdoba, Argentina. Las TFG se evaluaron, previo y posterior a la nefrectomía, mediante el aclaramiento de iotalamato determinado por cromatografía líquida de alta eficacia y por las ecuaciones para estimación de TFG: MDRD y CKD-EPI. Se constituyeron 2 grupos de estudio: grupo 1 (n = 107) con un tiempo de evaluación posterior a la estabilización de la TFG posdonación (3 meses) hasta los 5 años y grupo 2 (n = 82) con un tiempo entre 5 y 10 años posdonación. RESULTADOS: El valor de compensación renal fue del 61,9% (52,0-71,1%) y 75,6% (64,9-84,4%) para los grupos 1 (n = 107) y 2 (n = 82), respectivamente. La ecuación MDRD subestimó la TFG en el 3,2% (90ml/min/1,73 m2) y el 38,6% (60 ml/min/1,73 m2) respecto a la mTFG y la CKD-EPI subestimó en un 2,6% (90 ml/min/1,73 m2) y un 13,8% (60 ml/min/1,73 m2). Se evaluó el rendimiento diagnóstico con curva ROC (mTFG < 60 ml/min/1,73 m2) para MDRD (ABC = 0,66, IC: 0,59-0,73), sensibilidad: 98,7% y especificidad: 63,3%, y para CKD-EPI (ABC = 0,79, IC: 0,73-0,85), sensibilidad: 96,9% y especificidad: 76,4%. Las eTFG mostraron un bajo desempeño para estimar el filtrado en el seguimiento posnefrectomía de los donantes mayores de 50 años. CONCLUSIONES: Las ecuaciones de estimación de la TFG muestran un bajo desempeño para el seguimiento a largo plazo del filtrado posnefrectomía y la medición del filtrado sería recomendable en la selección como en el seguimiento de ciertos donantes bajo los criterios actuales de selección


BACKGROUND: Long-term consequences associated with kidney donation are controversial. Pre- and post-donation glomerular filtration rates (GFRs) are determinants of renal and cardiovascular risk weighting. In Latin America, there is limited experience in evaluating kidney function using GFR measurement techniques in kidney donors. The MDRD 4-variable and CKD-EPI equations are considered reasonable options. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the MDRD and CKD-EPI equations in post-nephrectomy GFR dynamics in kidney donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study with GFR measurement and estimation in 189 kidney donors who underwent nephrectomy between 2007 and 2016 at the Hospital Privado Universitario de Córdoba [Private University Hospital of Córdoba] in Córdoba, Argentina. GFRs were evaluated before and after nephrectomy by iothalamate clearance determined by HPLC and by the MDRD and CKD-EPI equations for estimating GFR. Two groups were formed for this study: Group 1 (n = 107), with an evaluation time subsequent to GFR stabilization (3 months) of up to 5 years, and Group 2 (n = 82), with an evaluation time of 5-10 years following donation. Measured GFR (mGFR) was assessed by iothalamate clearance determined by HPLC. RESULTS: Renal compensation values were 61.9% (52.0%-71.1%) and 75.6% (64.9%-84.4%) for Group 1 (n = 107) and Group 2 (n = 82), respectively. MDRD underestimated the GFR in 3.2% (90 ml/min/1.73 m2) and 38.6% (60 ml/min/1.73 m2) compared to the mGFR, and CKD-EPI underestimated the GFR in 2.6% (90ml/min/1.73 m2) and 13.8% (60 ml/min/1.73 m2). Diagnostic performance was evaluated with a ROC curve (mGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2) for MDRD (ABC = 0.66; CI: 0.59-0.73; sensitivity: 98.7%; specificity: 63.3%) and for CKD-EPI (ABC = 0.79 CI: 0.73-0.85; sensitivity: 96.9%; specificity: 76.4%. Estimated GFR (eGFR) showed poor performance for estimating the glomerular filtration rate in the post-nephrectomy follow-up of donors over 50 years of age. CONCLUSIONS: Equations for estimating GFRs showed poor performance for long-term follow-up of post-nephrectomy GFRs. Measuring GFRs to determine kidney function is recommended in the screening and follow-up of some donors under the current selection criteria


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doadores Vivos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Rim/fisiologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Medição de Risco , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Valores de Referência , Fatores Etários , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Curva ROC , Iotalamato de Meglumina
12.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(3): 248, 2021 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674554

RESUMO

Many surgical models are used to study kidney and other diseases in mice, yet the effects of the surgical procedure itself on the kidney and other tissues have not been elucidated. In the present study, we found that both sham surgery and unilateral nephrectomy (UNX), which is used as a model of renal compensatory hypertrophy, in mice resulted in increased mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1/2 (mTORC1/2) in the remaining kidney. mTORC1 is known to regulate lysosomal biogenesis and autophagy. Genes associated with lysosomal biogenesis and function were decreased in sham surgery and UNX kidneys. In both sham surgery and UNX, there was suppressed autophagic flux in the kidney as indicated by the lack of an increase in LC3-II or autophagosomes seen on immunoblot, IF and EM after bafilomycin A1 administration and a concomitant increase in p62, a marker of autophagic cargo. There was a massive increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are known to activate ERK1/2, in the serum after sham surgery and UNX. There was a large increase in ERK1/2 in sham surgery and UNX kidneys, which was blocked by the MEK1/2 inhibitor, trametinib. Trametinib also resulted in a significant decrease in p62. In summary, there was an intense systemic inflammatory response, an ERK-mediated increase in p62 and suppressed autophagic flux in the kidney after sham surgery and UNX. It is important that researchers are aware that changes in systemic pro-inflammatory cytokines, ERK1/2 and autophagy can be caused by sham surgery as well as the kidney injury/disease itself.


Assuntos
Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Autofagia , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Rim/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Animais , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/genética , Linhagem Celular , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Nefropatias/etiologia , Nefropatias/genética , Nefropatias/patologia , Lisossomos/genética , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Lisossomos/patologia , Masculino , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/genética , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 2 de Rapamicina/genética , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 2 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Transplantation ; 105(6): 1356-1364, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Living kidney donors incur donation-related expenses, but how these expenses impact postdonation mental health is unknown. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, the association between mental health and donor-incurred expenses (both out-of-pocket costs and lost wages) was examined in 821 people who donated a kidney at one of the 12 transplant centers in Canada between 2009 and 2014. Mental health was measured by the RAND Short Form-36 Health Survey along with Beck Anxiety Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory. RESULTS: A total of 209 donors (25%) reported expenses of >5500 Canadian dollars. Compared with donors who incurred lower expenses, those who incurred higher expenses demonstrated significantly worse mental health-related quality of life 3 months after donation, with a trend towards worse anxiety and depression, after controlling for predonation mental health-related quality of life and other risk factors for psychological distress. Between-group differences for donors with lower and higher expenses on these measures were no longer significant 12 months after donation. CONCLUSIONS: Living kidney donor transplant programs should ensure that adequate psychosocial support is available to all donors who need it, based on known and unknown risk factors. Efforts to minimize donor-incurred expenses and to better support the mental well-being of donors need to continue. Further research is needed to investigate the effect of donor reimbursement programs, which mitigate donor expenses, on postdonation mental health.


Assuntos
Estresse Financeiro/psicologia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Gastos em Saúde , Transplante de Rim/economia , Doadores Vivos/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Nefrectomia/economia , Salários e Benefícios , Adulto , Canadá , Feminino , Estresse Financeiro/economia , Estresse Financeiro/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Curr Opin Urol ; 31(3): 255-261, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742985

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nephron-sparing partial nephrectomy is the state of the art for localized small renal mass and it is gaining attention also for more advanced cases. In the present narrative review, we discuss the new developments that have occurred in the advancement of this approach over the past few years. RECENT FINDINGS: Off-clamp, selective/superselective clamp and early-unclamping techniques are safe and feasible approaches, with potentially superior functional outcomes, and noninferior complications rate and oncological outcomes, when compared with main artery clamping. Renorrhaphy must preserve the physiological vascularization of residual parenchyma. Running sutures, particularly using barbed wires, shorten the operating and ischemia times. A further advantage could derive from avoiding a double-layer suture. Transperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) and retroperitoneal RAPN can be considered equivalent in terms of perioperative morbidity, functional and oncologic outcomes, regardless of tumor's location, thus the choice of the approach should be driven by the surgeon's expertise. Future improvements should be introduced by the single-port robotic surgery, which seems to be safe and feasibly also in an off-clamp manner. SUMMARY: Significant advances have recently been achieved in nephron-sparing surgery technique. However, future studies with standardized reporting of these new techniques are needed to assess the real impact of them on early and long-term functional outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Néfrons/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 44(5): 175-180, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710134

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hematuria can be a distressing and debilitating complication of urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the kidney for patients who are not candidates for surgery or ureteroscopic ablation. We retrospectively assessed the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for controlling gross hematuria in this patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved review of the records, laboratory values, pathology, and imaging of 8 consecutive patients treated with SBRT over a 5-year period for uncontrolled gross hematuria caused by UC of the renal pelvis or calyces. RESULTS: Therapy was delivered in 3 to 5 treatments over 1 to weeks. Individual treatments lasted an average of 17.2 minutes. No patient experienced treatment-related pain, vomiting, or diarrhea. All enjoyed cessation of bleeding within a week of completing therapy. Hematuria recurred in 2 patients in 4 and 22 months. Of the patients who have not re-bled, 3 expired of metastatic disease or co-morbidities, and 3 remain alive up to 6 years posttreatment. Of patients who have survived longer than a year, creatinine has changed by -0.05 to +0.35, and estimated glomerular filtration rate has fallen by an average of 22%. No patient has required dialysis. CONCLUSIONS: SBRT appears to be an effective and well-tolerated means of palliating gross hematuria secondary to UC of the renal pelvis or calyces in patients who are unfavorable candidates for nephrectomy or ureteroscopic ablation. Treatment was associated with a moderate decline in renal function.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Hematúria/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Paliativos , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Neoplasias Urológicas/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hematúria/etiologia , Hematúria/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Urológicas/patologia
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(8): e24892, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663119

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic surgery can bring about occult perioperative cerebral infarction, advancing our understanding of the causes of severe postoperative delayed recovery. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report the case of a 35-year-old woman who underwent a right renal tumor resection in our institution, during which a raised pneumoperitoneum pressure (from 15 to 20 mm Hg) was adopted by the surgeon to prevent errhysis and to help stop the bleeding. Despite an accidental minor tearing of the inferior vena cava, vital signs remained stable throughout the procedure, and no obvious abnormality was observed in either end tidal carbon dioxide values or blood gas analysis. However, the patient unexpectedly suffered delayed recovery after the operation, presenting incomplete left hemiplegia and a positive Babinski sign. DIAGNOSES: Perioperative stroke was diagnosed by anesthesiologists, after excluding the effects of anesthesia. Cerebral hemorrhage was excluded, as no obvious abnormality was found in the density of brain parenchyma in the emergency computed tomography examination, and a digital subtraction angiography showed no abnormal thrombosis. Further magnetic resonance diagnosis led us to consider diffuse gas embolisms to be the cause of this acute stroke; a right echocardiography revealed that a patent foramen ovale (PFO) may account for the global cerebral gas embolisms. INTERVENTIONS: The patient received neuroprotective drugs (Vinpocetine, Edaravone, and Xingnaojing, which are commonly used as a standard of care in China), antiplatelets and other symptomatic treatments, plus dexamethasone to relieve edema. A contrast-enhanced echocardiography of the right heart was performed, the results of which were consistent with the sonography of a PFO. OUTCOMES: The patient was hospitalized for 14 days and eventually discharged after recovery. At the latest follow-up in August 2019, the patient recovered without residual neurological sequelae. LESSONS: Our results emphasize the need for vigilance regarding adverse cardiovascular and neurological events caused by carbon dioxide gas embolisms when encountering the inadvertent situation of vessels rupturing. Timely monitoring of paradoxical gas embolism by transoesophageal echocardiography is necessary and can avert the risk of severe complications. Urgent consideration should be given to stopping pneumoperitoneum and switching to laparotomy for hemostasis so that the patient can obtain the best benefit-risk ratio.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Embolia Paradoxal/complicações , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Veia Cava Inferior/lesões , Adulto , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Humanos , Insuflação/efeitos adversos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Período Perioperatório , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(10): e25164, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725918

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Herein, we report 3 hemodialysis patients with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome who were successfully treated using corticosteroid therapy. PATIENT CONCERNS: Case 1 was a 63-year-old man who was undergoing hemodialysis because of bilateral nephrectomy and developed hypereosinophilia with digestive symptoms, myocardial injury, and intradialytic hypotension. Case 2 was an 83-year-old man who was undergoing hemodialysis because of nephrosclerosis and developed hypereosinophilia with pruritus, myocardial injury, and intradialytic hypotension. Case 3 was a 59-year-old man who was undergoing hemodialysis because of diabetic nephropathy and developed hypereosinophilia with pruritus, myocardial injury, and intradialytic hypotension. DIAGNOSES: All 3 patients presented with hypereosinophilia (eosinophil count ≥1500 /µL for more than 1 month) and multiple-organ involvement (intradialytic hypotension, cardiac injury, digestive symptoms, and allergic dermatitis). A specific cause for the hypereosinophilia was not identified by systemic computed tomography, electrocardiography, echocardiography, bone marrow examination, or blood tests. Furthermore, Case 2 and 3 had not recently started taking any new drugs and drug-induced lymphocyte stimulation tests were negative in Case 1. Therefore, they were diagnosed with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. INTERVENTIONS: All 3 patients received corticosteroid therapy with prednisolone at a dose of 40 mg/d, 30 mg/d, and 60 mg/d in Case 1, 2, and 3, respectively. OUTCOMES: Their digestive symptoms, pruritus, intradialytic hypotension, and serum troponin I concentrations were immediately improved alongside reductions in their eosinophil counts. LESSONS: There have been few case reports of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome in patients undergoing hemodialysis. We believe that recording of the clinical findings and treatments of such patients is mandatory to establish the optimal management of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/tratamento farmacológico , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Administração Oral , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Nefropatias Diabéticas/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Eosinófilos , Humanos , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/sangue , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/etiologia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Nefroesclerose/complicações , Nefroesclerose/terapia , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(12): e25187, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761700

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Duplicate kidneys are the most common congenital abnormality of the urinary system. The location of duplicate kidneys varies. We report a case of an adolescent with upper and lower kidneys that are arranged vertically and approximately T-shaped. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 16-year-old male teenager was examined for pain in the left side of the waist. The Computed Tomography scan revealed that the left kidney was incompletely duplicated and fused; the left upper urinary tract was incompletely obstructed. DIAGNOSIS: The abdominal tomography confirmed the diagnosis of incomplete duplicate kidney. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent laparoscopic surgery. The failure to ligate the renal pedicle resulted in increased bleeding during the operation and an open ureteral stump. OUTCOMES: No urine leakage occurred after the operation. Doppler ultrasound of the urinary system showed no hydronephrosis, and the patient was asymptomatic. CONCLUSION: Through this case report, we found that the duplicate kidneys could be arranged in a T-shape under laparoscopy. Although only the supply of the duplicate renal arteries can be ligated during surgical resection, the renal pedicle must also be ligated during the operation if there is a lot of bleeding.


Assuntos
Rim/anormalidades , Rim/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Adolescente , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Pelve Renal/anormalidades , Pelve Renal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Masculino , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Ureter/anormalidades , Ureter/cirurgia
19.
Int J Urol ; 28(6): 630-636, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660374

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of renal function preservation, and to compare the global and split renal function outcomes of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. METHODS: Demographic, operative and pathological data, as well as renal function outcomes, of 251 patients who underwent laparoscopic (n = 104) and robot-assisted (n = 147) partial nephrectomy between 2008 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Propensity score matching (1:1) was carried out to adjust for potential baseline confounders. Functional outcomes were assessed based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate and dynamic renal scintigraphy (using 99m Tc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine), including renal volumetric analysis. RESULTS: A total of 98 patients were allocated to each partial nephrectomy group. Ischemic (laparoscopic vs robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: 29 vs 15 min, P < 0.001) and operative times (181 vs 100 min, P < 0.001) were shorter in robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. The preservation ratio of global renal function at 3 months (88.3% vs 91.4%, P = 0.040) and 12 months (87.8% vs 91.5%, P = 0.010) postoperatively, and the renal function of the operated kidney (80.3% vs 88.2%, P < 0.001) were greater after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. In robot-assisted partial nephrectomy, the volume of resected parenchyma was significantly smaller (27.2 vs 15.5 mL, P < 0.001), resulting in greater postoperative normal parenchymal volumes (120 vs 132 mL, P < 0.001) and a greater parenchymal preservation ratio (81.1% vs 90.1%, P < 0.001). The parenchymal preservation ratio was the strongest predictor of renal function preservation after surgery (P < 0.001, odds ratio 6.02). CONCLUSIONS: Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy allows better preservation of split renal function than laparoscopic partial nephrectomy by increasing the parenchymal preservation ratio. This translates into better postoperative global renal function.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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