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1.
Urol Clin North Am ; 47(4): 419-431, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008493

RESUMO

The management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has evolved rapidly in recent years with several immunotherapy-based combinations of strategies approved as first-line therapies. Targeted strategies, including systemic antiangiogenesis agents and immune checkpoint blockade, form the basis of a therapeutic approach. With rising rates of recurrence after first-line treatment, it is increasingly important to not only adopt a personalized treatment plan with minimal adverse events but also develop predictive biomarkers for response. This review discusses currently available first-line and second-line therapies in RCC and their pivotal data, with specific focus on ongoing clinical trials in the adjuvant setting, including those involving novel agents.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Terapia Combinada , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nefrectomia/métodos , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5837-5844, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most common malignancies of the urinary tract. Venous migration, tumor thrombus and metastases are often seen in patients with RCC and are adverse prognostic factors. Intravascular tumor growth along the renal vein into the inferior vena cava occurs in up to 10% of all patients with RCC. Furthermore, extension of the tumor reaching the right atrium is detected in approximately 1% of all patients. Synchronous involvement of pulmonary arteries with tumor emboli is very rare and challenging. Management of metastatic RCC includes surgical resection of renal and metastatic lesions. We present 3 cases of patients with RCC tumor thrombus extending into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and with pulmonary emboli of the tumor thrombus into one of the branches of the main pulmonary artery. All the cases had simultaneous resection of the kidney tumor with the tumor thrombus and pulmonary lobectomy that included the tumor emboli with satisfactory outcome. CASE REPORT: We present a series of cases of RCC with tumor extension into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and with tumor emboli to the pulmonary arteries. Surgical procedure in all cases consisted of radical nephrectomy with IVC tumor thrombus resection, along with a thoracotomy with lung resection including the tumor emboli to one of the branches of the main pulmonary artery. Synchronous metastatic lesions were found on the liver in one case and contiguous extension of renal tumor to the pancreas in another. CONCLUSION: In patients with IVC thrombus with synchronous pulmonary artery tumor embolus, such as the cases presented in this series, a careful multidisciplinary management approach is preferable. Transplant technique used in our open approach minimizes complications, blood loss, and provides excellent visualization for abdominal vascular manipulation of IVC. This provides a potentially curable treatment option with acceptable survival rates.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/patologia , Rim/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Metástase Neoplásica , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Veias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Renais/patologia , Veias Renais/cirurgia , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/patologia , Trombose/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/patologia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22057, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899070

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Based on existing literature, the juxtaglomerular cell tumor (JGCT) is a rare renal tumor, typically present with hypertension and hypokalemia. Nonfunctioning JGCT, without hypertension or hypokalemia, is extremely rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we report a case of nonfunctioning JGCT mimicking renal cell carcinoma. The 29-year-old woman with an unremarkable past medical history presented with a left renal tumor without hypertension or hypokalemia. DIAGNOSIS: Both CT and 18F-FDG-PET/CT suggested a malignancy, possibly renal cell carcinoma. INTERVENTIONS: The tumor was then removed completely via robotic assistant laparoscopic partial nephrectomy; and pathology result was JGCT. Since the patient had no hypertension or hypokalemia, a nonfunctional JGCT was diagnosed. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered uneventfully, and was in good health in 6-months' follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Preoperative identification of JGCT is very difficult due to the lack of specific clinical manifestations. This case teaches us that for young patients with renal tumors whose CT enhancement is not obvious at the early phase, JGCT should be considered as a differential diagnosis. Radical nephrectomy should be avoided for JGCT in consideration of its relatively good prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico , Sistema Justaglomerular/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Nefrectomia/métodos , Nefrectomia/tendências , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol ; 16 Suppl 3: 12-17, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852898

RESUMO

Adjuvant treatment with VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor in renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy has been reported through four clinical trials: S-TRAC, ASSURE, PROTECT and ATLAS. Only S-TRAC has been significantly positive on primary endpoint DFS under sunitinib compared to placebo, whereas ASSURE, PROTECT and ATLAS did not show any gain under sunitinib, sorafenib, pazopanib or axitinib, respectively. Nevertheless, there are arguments for a trend for the impact of anti-angiogenic therapy on outcome of patients with high-risk renal cell carcinoma cancer following nephrectomy, allowing for a fair discussion with patients to decide for or against an adjuvant treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Nefrectomia/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade
7.
Urol Clin North Am ; 47(3): 389-397, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600540

RESUMO

Despite advances in systemic therapy and immunotherapy, surgery continues to have a role in management of advanced renal cell carcinoma (aRCC). Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is considered standard of care for smaller, localized tumors due to faster recovery without compromising oncologic outcomes. There are concerns about MIS for aRCC due to a potential risk of inferior oncologic outcomes and unusual patterns of disease recurrence. Recent studies, however, suggest that in properly selected patients with aRCC, MIS can provide improved peri-operative outcomes without compromising oncologic control.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Laparoscopia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Seleção de Pacientes , Veias Renais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia
8.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 120, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the safety and effectiveness of a modified surgical technique which could shorten the time of renal ischemia in left renal cancer and Mayo level II to IV inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus. METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 14 cases with left renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and Mayo level II to IV IVC tumor thrombus from February 2015 to July 2019. Preoperative imaging showed that there was no obvious sign of tumor thrombus invading the blood vessel wall. During the surgery, after the right renal artery, the right renal vein and the distal end of IVC were blocked, the balloon catheter was used and the tumor thrombus was removed completely from the IVC. The incision of IVC was closed by Satinsky clamp to make IVC partially blocked. Then the right renal artery and right renal vein were released. The incision of IVC was sutured continuously. At last, the Satinsky clamp and the blocking band at the distal end of the IVC were released. RESULT: There were 8 cases (57.1%) of Mayo level II, 3 cases (21.4%) of Mayo level III and 3 cases (21.4%) of Mayo level IV. The operation was successfully completed in all 14 patients. There were 2 cases (14.3%) operated by complete laparoscopic approach, 8 cases (57.1%) by open approach, and 4 patients (28.6%) by laparoscopic conversion to open approach. The occlusion time of right renal artery and vein (renal ischemia time) was 3 to 15 min, with an average of (6.8 ± 3.2) minutes. The mean time of IVC occlusion was (19.4 ± 4.9) min. Preoperative creatinine was 66 to 130 µmol/L, with an average of (96.6 ± 21.2) µmol/L. One week after operation, serum creatinine was 64 to 632 µmol/L, with an average of (132.4 ± 144.9) µmol/L. Among the 14 cases, 5 (42.9%) had early postoperative complications. Besides one of the 14 patients died in perioperative period, the median follow-up of other 13 cases was 10 months (range: 4-29 months). The 5 (35.7%) of the 14 cases were died of disease. CONCLUSION: This modified procedure was relatively safe and effective in shortening the time of renal ischemia in left RCC patients with Mayo II to IV IVC tumor thrombus.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Trombose/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/etiologia , Rim/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Veias Renais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia/métodos , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/patologia
9.
Oncol Res Treat ; 43(7-8): 340-345, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of the preoperative apolipoprotein B (ApoB) level in surgical patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 307 ccRCC patients receiving radical or partial nephrectomy between 2003 and 2012 in our center. The correlations among the preoperative ApoB, clinicopathological parameters, and overall survival (OS) were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 193 males (62.9%) and 114 females (37.1%) with ccRCC who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy were enrolled in the present study. The OS at 5 years after the operation was 90.6% for all patients, 87.4% for the lower ApoB group, and 97.0% for the higher-ApoB group. The cause-specific survival (CSS) at 5 years after surgery was 90.2% for all patients, 86.7% for the lower-ApoB group, and 97.0% for the higher-ApoB group. A higher-ApoB level was related to a better OS and CSS in ccRCC patients (p = 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, age >60 years (p = 0.008 and p = 0.023) and a lower Apo B level (p = 0.019 and p = 0.018) were independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In the Apo apolipoprotein family, the preoperative ApoB level had an important clinical significance for predicting the prognosis and survival rate of ccRCC patients.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteína B-100/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/sangue , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e19943, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384440

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The preoperative diagnosis of massive pulmonary tumor embolism associated with renal neoplasms is relatively rare. In most cases, pulmonary tumor embolism is detected intraoperatively during renal tumor resection. Moreover, primary renal sarcoma is rare, and primary renal sarcoma complicated by pulmonary tumor embolism is extremely rare; accordingly, there is no optimal treatment for such cases. Herein, we report a case of renal sarcoma associated with pulmonary tumor embolism. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 39-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room owing to the sudden onset of dyspnea and palpitation. DIAGNOSIS: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a large mass in the right kidney involving the infrahepatic inferior vena cava, with massive pulmonary emboli in both the pulmonary arteries. INTERVENTIONS: Emergency pulmonary embolectomy with radical nephrectomy was performed. OUTCOMES: The patient experienced apparent remission of dyspnea, and resolution of right ventricle dysfunction. However, although remnant emboli were detected in the segmental arteries on postoperative CT, complete resolution of pulmonary embolism was observed after adjuvant chemotherapy. LESSONS: Thus, concomitant cytoreductive nephrectomy with pulmonary embolectomy along with chemotherapy may be effective for patients with renal sarcoma with pulmonary tumor embolism.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Sarcoma/complicações , Adulto , Embolectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Nefrectomia/métodos , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Sarcoma/secundário , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia
12.
Tunis Med ; 98(2): 131-137, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32395802

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The subdivision into two entities of papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) was established on histological criteria. It's in fact possible to distinguish the two subtypes by the means of radiological and progressive data. The subtype 1 is associated with the favorable profile. The ultrasound and especially CT urography ensure an accurate diagnostic approach with substantial therapeutic and prognostic involvement. The aim of the study is to define the radiological features that distinguish the two subtypes of renal papillary carcinoma, and to study the radiological predictive factors of locoregional recurrence, metastases free survival and specific survival. METHODS: It's about a monocentric, retrospective study led between January 2005 and June 2017, gathering 49 cases of operated PRCC. The study concerned patients over the age of 18, who were diagnosed after anatomopathological examination of the operative specimen (enlarged nephrectomy or conservative surgery). Cases in which diagnosis was made by renal biopsy were excluded. The comparative study concerned ultrasound and CT scan data. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to determine factors having a prognostic value in terms of locoregional recurrence, metastases-free and specific survival. RESULTS: On the ultrasound, the subtype 1 tumors were significantly homogenous with regular contours. Tumors were globally spontaneously hypodense and hypo vascular in 97,8% of cases. Enhancement was significantly more heterogonous for subtype 2 (p=0,01). Intratumoral necrosis and adenomegalies were associated with subtype 2 (p=0,0001 and 0,005). The predictive factors of locoregional recurrence, metastases-free survival and specific survival in univariate analysis were the contours' aspect, moderate enhancement and the presence of adenomegalies. On multivariate analysis, only the irregular contours were retained for locoregional recurrence-free survival and specific survival. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences between the PRCC subtypes were observed when studying the radiological data. Irregular contours, adenomegalies and enhancement degree seemed to predict the progression of PRCC after curative surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Tratamento Conservador/efeitos adversos , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(7): 1829-1845, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410064

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The outcome of RCC has improved considerably in the last few years, and the treatment options have increased. LACOG-GU and LARCG held a consensus meeting to develop guidelines to support the clinical decisions of physicians and other health professionals involved in the care of RCC patients. METHODS: Eighty questions addressing relevant advanced RCC treatments were previously formulated by a panel of experts. The voting panel comprised 26 specialists from the LACOG-GU/LARCG. Consensus was determined as 75% agreement. For questions with less than 75% agreement, a new discussion was held, and consensus was determined by the majority of votes after the second voting session. RESULTS: The recommendations were based on the highest level of scientific evidence or by the opinion of the RCC experts when no relevant research data were available. CONCLUSION: This manuscript provides guidance for advanced RCC treatment according to the LACOG-GU/LARCG expert recommendations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Terapia Combinada , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/métodos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Prova Pericial , Humanos , América Latina , Metastasectomia/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Padrão de Cuidado
15.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(4): 244-248, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic injuries during nephrectomy are rare, despite the relatively close anatomic relation between the kidneys and the pancreas. The data regarding the incidence and outcome of pancreatic injuries are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency and the clinical significance of pancreatic injuries during nephrectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of all patients who underwent nephrectomy over a period of 30 years (1987-2016) in a large tertiary medical center. Demographic, clinical, and surgical data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1674 patients underwent nephrectomy during the study period. Of those, 553 (33%) and 294 patients (17.5%) underwent left nephrectomy and radical left nephrectomy, respectively. Among those, four patients (0.2% of the total group, 0.7% of the left nephrectomy group, and 1.36% of the radical left nephrectomy) experienced iatrogenic injuries to the pancreas. None of the injuries were recognized intraoperatively. All patients were treated with drains in an attempt to control the pancreatic leak and one patient required additional surgical interventions. Average length of stay was 65 days (range 15-190 days). Mean follow-up was 23.3 months (range 7.7-115 months). CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatic injuries during nephrectomy are rare and carry a significant risk for postoperative morbidity.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Doença Iatrogênica , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Pâncreas/lesões , Pancreatopatias/etiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Israel , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Pancreatopatias/mortalidade , Pancreatopatias/terapia , Reoperação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Centros de Atenção Terciária
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(16): e19853, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312008

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Kidney is the most frequently injured organ of the genitourinary system during trauma. Bilateral penetrating renal trauma (BPRT) is extremely rare and sporadically reported in the previous literature. Here, we reported a unique case of BPRT. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 43-year-old man, with no medical history, was accidentally penetrated by a wooden stick and presented with sharp pain in the left flank. DIAGNOSIS: Laboratory tests revealed microscopic hematuria, mildly elevated leucocyte and amylase, normal hemoglobin (145 g/L) and creatinine (1.05 mg/dl). Computed tomography demonstrated bilateral penetrating renal injuries with perinephric/subcapsular hematoma, fracture of the second lumbar vertebra and 10th rib. INTERVENTIONS: An emergency exploratory laparotomy was executed immediately. According to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Organ Injury Scale grading system, grade V and III injuries were considered for the left and right kidney, respectively. Nephrectomy and renorrhaphy were performed on the left and right kidney, respectively. OUTCOMES: The postoperative course was uneventful. Eleven days after the surgery, the patient discharged with no complications. LESSONS: We present a rare and challenging case which was handled successfully, and it may provide useful information for the management of BPRT.


Assuntos
Dor no Flanco/etiologia , Rim/lesões , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Adulto , Dor no Flanco/diagnóstico , Hematoma , Hematúria/diagnóstico , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/patologia , Laparotomia/métodos , Masculino , Nefrectomia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos Penetrantes/patologia
17.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0227546, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343697

RESUMO

We developed a preoperative assessment system to predict surgical workload in hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDNx) using the normal-based linear discriminant rule (NLDR). A total of 128 cases of left HALDNx performed by a single operator were used as training data. Surgical workload was measured by operative time. The optimized model had 9 explanatory variables: age, total protein, total cholesterol, number of renal arteries (numberRA), 4 variables of perinephric fat (PNF), and thickness of subcutaneous fat. This model was validated using cross-validation and the .632 estimator to estimate discrimination rates with future test data. PNF and numberRA were the predominant factors affecting workload followed by the computed tomography value of PNF, body weight, and male sex. The estimated accuracy of the prediction system was 94.6%. The complication rate was 9.38% and did not correlate with surgical workload. We also made our program available online for constructing assessment functions from other cohort data. In conclusion, the surgical workload of HALDNx could be predicted with PNF and numberRA as the dominant risk factors.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia Assistida com a Mão/efeitos adversos , Modelos Estatísticos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Análise Discriminante , Feminino , Laparoscopia Assistida com a Mão/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/cirurgia , Curva de Aprendizado , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Nefrectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Segurança do Paciente , Seleção de Pacientes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Período Pré-Operatório , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 59, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the safety, tumor control and renal function preservation of the emergency retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) for ruptured renal angiomyolipoma (AML) and summarize our single-center initial experience. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 15 patients pathologically confirmed renal AML treated with emergency retroperitoneal LPN between January 2016 and May 2019. The patient demographics, operation time, blood loss, transfusion requirements, complications and other surgical parameters were analyzed. Follow-up was performed by serum creatinine and imaging modalities. RESULTS: Fifteen patients were performed with emergency LPN with the median age 41.6 years. The mean size of the renal AMLs was 7.8 cm. The mean size of the retroperitoneal hematomas was 8.5 cm. All the emergency surgeries were performed successfully without any conversion to nephrectomy or open surgery. The mean operative time was 101 min. The mean warm ischemia time was 28 min. The mean estimated blood loss was 311 ml. Five patients required intraoperative blood transfusion (33.3%, 5/15). The mean transfused RBC was 4 U (range 2-6 U), and the mean transfused plasma was 200 ml (range 200-400 ml). The mean drainage duration was 3 days (range 2-5 days). The mean postoperative hospitalization was 4.7 days. No patients experienced intraoperative complications. The mean serum creatine was slightly higher after surgery (53.1 vs. 55.9 µmol/L). One patient had postoperative perirenal fluid collection. No patients needed dialysis. No recurrence was observed in the patients at the median follow-up of 24.1 months. CONCLUSIONS: Our initial experience shows that the emergency retroperitoneal LPN is a safe, minimally invasive procedure for emergency patients with ruptured renal AMLs. It could be considered as an effective alternative to renal artery embolization in selected emergency patients.


Assuntos
Angiomiolipoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Hematoma/etiologia , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Espaço Retroperitoneal/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 25(7): 1425-1431, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wilms tumor (WT) with an inferior Vena cava (IVC) malignant thrombus comprises 4-10% of all WT cases. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 51 pediatric patients presenting at Children Cancer Hospital Egypt-57357 from July 2007 to December 2016 with the diagnosis of WT with malignant IVC thrombus. RESULTS: Median age at presentation = 4.4 years and 28 cases (55%) were females. Twenty-five patients (49%) were metastatic and 4 patients (7.8%) had bilateral disease. Forty-seven cases (92.2%) had favorable histology with no evidence of anaplasia. Level of thrombus extension at presentation was classified as infra-hepatic, retro-hepatic, supra-hepatic and intra-cardiac in 33, 9, 6 and 3 patients, respectively. Fifty patients started neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CTH) with 16 patients showing complete resolution of thrombus after 6 weeks of CTH. None of the patients developed thrombus progression after neoadjuvant CTH; one patient had stationary intra-cardiac thrombus, while remaining patients showed partial regression of their thrombus and had nephrectomy with en-bloc thrombectomy. The mean cranio-caudal dimension of IVC thrombi at initial presentation was 6.5 cm, and 3.6 cm post 6th week of CTH. The 5-year OS and EFS were 75.9% and 71.1%, respectively. There was no significant correlation of initial levels of thrombus extension with survival. CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical nephrectomy with en-bloc thrombectomy and radiotherapy seems a successful approach for management of patients with WT and IVC tumor thrombus. Measurement of the cranio-caudal dimension of thrombus and its response to treatment should be considered in the surgical planning.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Trombose Venosa/patologia , Tumor de Wilms/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Masculino , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Nefrectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Tumor de Wilms/patologia , Tumor de Wilms/cirurgia
20.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 77, 2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32303216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of using an endoscopic tissue morcellator (ETM) to remove the retroperitoneal fat during retroperitoneoscopic radical nephrectomy (RRN). METHODS: The use of ETM in the removal of retroperitoneal fat was retrospectively analyzed in patients who underwent RRN for localized renal cancer in our hospital from January 2010 to January 2018. We accrued the appropriate patients and divided them into two groups. The first group included patients of RRN where ETM was used to remove the retroperitoneal fat, while the second group was comprised of patients of RRN where ETM was not performed, which served as the control group. Each group was further divided into two subgroups, including obese patients (BMI ≥ 28) and patients suffering from high-volume renal cancer (Stage T2a). The differences between the two groups as well as their subgroups were analyzed and statistically compared. RESULTS: All 222 nephrectomies were completed under retroperitoneoscopy, ETM was used in 105 of these 222 patients. Among them, 31 cases were of obese patients, and 26 cases were of high-volume renal cancer patients. The other 117 patients had undergone RRN without the use of ETM. Among them, 36 cases were of obese patients, and 28 cases were of high-volume renal cancer patients. The differences in age, BMI, tumor position, and tumor size between the two groups were not statistically significant, P > 0.05. Both the surgical time and the blood loss for the ETM group were significantly lower than the control group, p < 0.05. In the subgroup analysis, the obese patients and patients with high tumor volume also showed a significantly lower surgical time and less blood loss, p < 0.05. The postoperative hospitalization time, the total survival rate, and the disease-free survival rate were not statistically significant, p > 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: The use of ETM in removing the retroperitoneal fat during the RRN can potentially reduce the surgical time and lessen the blood loss. This technique is especially advantageous for obese and large-volume tumor patients.


Assuntos
Gordura Intra-Abdominal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Espaço Retroperitoneal , Estudos Retrospectivos
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