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1.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(11): 784-790, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228350

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the value of p16INK4a detected by p16INK4a immunostaining as a new generation of cervical cytology for primary screening and secondary screening in population-based cervical cancer screening, and in improving cytological diagnosis. Methods: Between 2016 and 2018, 5 747 non-pregnant women aged 25-65 years with sexual history were recruited and underwent cervical cancer screening via high-risk (HR)-HPV/liquid-based cytological test (LCT) test in Shenzhen and surrounding areas. All slides were immuno-stained using p16INK4a technology, among them, 902 cases were offered p16INK4a detection during primary screening, and the remaining 4 845 cases were called-back by the virtue of abnormal HR-HPV and LCT results for p16INK4a staining. Participants with complete LCT examination, HR-HPV test, p16INK4a staining and histopathological examination results were included in this study. The performance of p16INK4a in primary and secondary screening, and in assisting cytology to detect high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion [HSIL, including cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅱ or Ⅲ] or worse [HSIL (CIN Ⅱ)+ or HSIL (CIN Ⅲ)+] were analyzed. Results: (1) One-thousand and ninety-seven cases with complete data of p16INK4a and histology were included. Pathological diagnosis: 995 cases of normal cervix, 37 cases of low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), 64 cases of HSIL and one case of cervical cancer were found. Among them, 65 cases of HSIL (CIN Ⅱ)+ and 34 cases of HSIL (CIN Ⅲ)+ were detected. The positive rate of p16INK4a in HSIL (CIN Ⅱ)+ was higher than that in CINⅠ or normal pathology (89.2% vs 10.2%; P<0.01). (2) p16INK4a as primary screening for HSIL (CIN Ⅱ)+ or HSIL (CIN Ⅲ)+ was equally sensitive to primary HR-HPV screening (89.2% vs 95.4%, 94.1% vs 94.1%; P>0.05), but more specific than HR-HPV screening (89.8% vs 82.5%, 87.7% vs 80.2%; P<0.05). p16INK4a was equally sensitive and similarly specific to cytology (≥LSIL; P>0.05). (3) The specificity of LCT adjunctive p16INK4a for detecting HSIL (CIN Ⅱ)+ or HSIL (CIN Ⅲ)+ were higher than that of LCT alone or adjunctive HR-HPV (P<0.01), while the sensitivity were similar (P>0.05). (4) p16INK4a staining as secondary screening: p16INK4a was significantly more specific (94.1% vs 89.7%, 91.9% vs 87.4%; P<0.01) and comparably sensitive (84.6% vs 90.8%, 88.2% vs 91.2%; P>0.05) to cytology for triaging primary HR-HPV screening. HPV 16/18 to colposcopy and triage other HR-HPV with p16INK4a was equally sensitive (88.2% vs 94.1%; P=0.500) and more specific (88.3% vs 83.0%; P<0.01) than HPV 16/18 to colposcopy and triage other HR-HPV with LCT≥ atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS), and the referral rate decreased (14.0% vs 19.4%; P=0.005). Conclusions: For primary screening, p16INK4a is equally specific to cytology and equally sensitive to HR-HPV screening. p16INK4a alone could be an efficient triage after primary HR-HPV screening. In addition, p16INK4a immunostaining could be used as an ancillary tool to cervical cytological diagnosis, and improves its accuracy in cervical cancer screening.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/análise , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/imunologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/fisiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16 , Papillomavirus Humano 18 , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Gravidez , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Esfregaço Vaginal
2.
N Z Med J ; 133(1524): 50-63, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most cervical cancers are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18. In 2008, New Zealand commenced a quadrivalent HPV (virus-like particles of types 6, 11, 16 and 18) vaccination programme. AIM: Document trends in number of colposcopy referrals and number and grade of cervical abnormalities diagnosed in women (20-24 years) referred to three large colposcopy clinics over time. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of colposcopy clinic data. RESULTS: The dataset included 5,012 episodes from 4,682 women. In Auckland (2013-2017), there was a 38% decrease in colposcopy referrals and 55% decrease in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) or worse diagnoses. In Waikato (2011-2017), there was an 8% decrease in referrals and 22% reduction in CIN2 or worse diagnoses. In Canterbury (2011-2017), there was a 24% decrease in referrals and 49% reduction in CIN2 or worse diagnoses. Across all centres, the decrease in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3) or worse diagnoses was marked and more consistent than in CIN2 diagnoses. However, while the proportion of biopsies reported as CIN3 or worse decreased in non-Maori (24% in 2013 vs 16% in 2017, nptrend z=-4.24, p>|z| <.001), there was no change in Maori women (31% in 2013 vs 29% in 2017, nptrend z=-0.12, p>|z| =.90). CONCLUSIONS: We observed a decreased number of CIN diagnoses in young women over time, with a particularly large drop in the number of CIN3/AIS/CGIN diagnoses. However, compared to non-Maori, Maori women having biopsies are more likely to have CIN3 or worse and there was a smaller reduction in the total number of Maori women diagnosed with CIN2 or worse.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Biópsia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Colposcopia/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Povos Indígenas , Gradação de Tumores , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
3.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(10): 708-715, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120484

RESUMO

Objective: Evaluation of the clinical value of the BioPerfectus multiplex real time (BMRT)-HPV for cervical cancer screening. Methods: Physician-collected specimens of 1 495 women who were positive of Cobas 4800 HPV (Cobas-HPV), HPV genotyping based on SEQ uencing (SEQ-HPV), and (or) cytology ≥low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) in the primary screening of Chinese Multiple-center Screening Trial (CHIMUST), and 2 990 women selected from those who were negative of primary screening in the same project through nested control randomization with age-matching were tested for BMRT-HPV, which reported type-specific viral loads/10 000 cells in each specimen. With comparing to Cobas-HPV results and taking cervical histopathological diagnosis as the endpoint, the concordance of high-risk (HR)-HPV subtypes among the three assays was explored ,and the sensitivity and specificity of BMRT-HPV for cervical cancer screening were evaluated. Results: (1) The overall agreenment of HR-HPV subtypes between BMRT-HPV and Cobas-HPV, or SEQ-HPV test sample was 94.8%, 94.4%, with Kappa values 0.827, 0.814. (2) The sensitivity and specificity for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅱ+ of BMRT-HPV, Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV were 92.62%, 94.26%, 93.44% and 84.67%, 83.25%, 82.76%, respectively. There were no significant difference in sensitivity among the three HPV assays (all P>0.05), but the specificity of BMRT-HPV for CIN Ⅱ+ was higher than those of Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (P<0.01). The sensitivity for CIN Ⅲ+ of three HPV assays were all 100.00%, and the specificity for CIN Ⅲ+ of BMRT-HPV was higher than those of Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (83.40% vs 81.95%, 83.40% vs 81.50%; P<0.01). The number of pathological examinations of colposcopy for cervical biopsy detected in 1 case of CIN Ⅱ+ or CIN Ⅲ+ in BMRT-HPV was less than those in Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (P<0.01). When using HPV 16/18 + cytology ≥atypical squamous cell of undetermined signification (ASCUS) to triage HPV positive women among three assays, there was no different in the sensitivities of detecting CIN Ⅱ+ and CIN Ⅲ+ (P>0.05). The specificity BMRT-HPV was slightly higher than those in Cobas-HPV or SEQ-HPV (all P<0.05), and the colposcopy referral rate was lower than those in Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (all P<0.05). Conclusions: BMRT-HPV is as sensitive as Cobas-HPV or SEQ-HPV for primary cervical cancer screening, and has higher specificity. Therefore it could be used as a primary screening method for cervical cancer, which is worthy of clinical application.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/genética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(11): 6273-6284, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To determine the differential protein profiles of cervical cancer cell lines in order to find potential targets that can be used as biomarkers in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Proteomic analysis was performed on cervical cancer cell lines by 2D electrophoresis and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Biomarker validation was performed in histological samples by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: Aldo-keto reductase C1 (AKR1C1) and transketolase-like 1 (TKTL1) proteins were selected as biomarkers and their expression was increased in samples with LSIL diagnosis. TKTL1 in combination with AKR1C1 increased sensitivity and specificity to 75% and 66%, respectively, with an area under curve of 0.76 in receiver operating characteristics curve analysis. CONCLUSION: AKR1C1 and TKTL1 showed potential as biomarkers for diagnosis of LSIL in Mexican women, with similar sensitivity and specificity to the biomarkers used in clinical trials for diagnosis of LSIL.


Assuntos
20-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/diagnóstico , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/metabolismo , Transcetolase/metabolismo , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , México , Gradação de Tumores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/patologia
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 642, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggested that vaginal microbiome played a functional role in the progression of cervical lesions in female infected by HPV. This study aimed at evaluating the influence of common vaginal infection on the carcinogenicity of high risk HPV (hr-HPV). METHODS: From January 15, 2017 to December 31, 2017, 310,545 female aged at least 30 years old had been recruited for cervical cancer screening from 9 clinical research centers in Central China. All the recruited participants received hr-HPV genotyping for cervical cancer screening and vaginal microenvironment test by a high vaginal swab. Colposcopy-directed biopsy was recommended for female who were infected with HPV 16 and HPV 18, and other positive hr-HPV types through test had undertaken triage using liquid-based cytology, cases with the results ≥ ASCUS among them were referred to colposcopy directly, and cervical tissues were taken for pathology examination to make clear the presence or absence of other cervical lesions. RESULTS: Among 310,545 female, 6067 (1.95%) were tested with positive HPV 16 and HPV 18, 18,297 (5.89%) were tested with other positive hr-HPV genotypes, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1, CIN 2, CIN 3 and invasive cervical cancer (ICC) were detected in 861 cases, 377 cases, 423 cases, and 77 cases, respectively. Candida albicans and Gardnerella were not associated with the detection of cervical lesions. Positive trichomonas vaginitis (TV) was correlated with hr-HPV infection (p < 0.0001). Co-infection with TV increased the risk of CIN 1 among female infected with hr-HPV (OR 1.18, 95% CI: 1.42-2.31). Co-infection with TV increased the risk of CIN 2-3 among female infected with HPV 16 (OR 1.71, 95% CI: 1.16-2.53). CONCLUSIONS: Co-infection of TV and HPV 16 is a significant factor for the detection of cervical lesions.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/complicações , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Vaginite por Trichomonas/complicações , Trichomonas vaginalis/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/diagnóstico , Colposcopia , Estudos Transversais , Citodiagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Fatores de Risco , Vaginite por Trichomonas/diagnóstico , Vaginite por Trichomonas/parasitologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
6.
Ginekol Pol ; 91(7): 428-431, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779165

RESUMO

The Polish Society of Gynecologists and Obstetricians and Polish Society of Colposcopy and Cervical Pathophysiology Interim Guidelines goal at aiding gynecologists in providing a cervical cancer prevention care during the evolving SARS-CoV-2 pan-demic. Presented guidelines were developed on a review of limited data and updated when new relevant publications were revealed. Timing for deferrals of diagnostic-therapeutic procedures were mostly covered in the guidelines. Also, a support for the existing Polish recommendations on abnormal screening results in a subject of minor and major screening abnor-malities terminology were given. The guidelines are obligatory for the specified COVID-19 pandemic period only and they might be changed depending on the new available evidence.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colposcopia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Betacoronavirus , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Colposcopia/métodos , Colposcopia/normas , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/normas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Polônia/epidemiologia , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0233986, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: China carries a heavy burden of cervical cancer and has an alarmingly low cervical cancer screening rate. In order to achieve the goal of cervical cancer elimination, there is an urgent need for suitable methods and strategies in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 9972 woman who received cervical cancer screening services of National Cervical Cancer Screening Program in Rural Areas (NCCSPRA) in 8 project counties participated in this study. TruScreen, HPV test and LBC test were performed in all participants. A total of 1945women had one or more than one positive or abnormal screening results of the above three screening tests subsequently received colposcopy. The detection rate of CIN2+ between the three tests were compared. RESULTS: No matter what kind of screening method is used, the CIN2+ detection rate in the eastern regions was much higher than that in the central and western regions. The total detection rate of CIN2+ in HPV group was highest (0.73%), following in LBC group (0.44%) and TS group (0.31%). There was statistically significant difference in the total detection rate of CIN2+ between TS and HPV groups, LBC and HPV groups, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the total detection rate of CIN2+ between TS and LBC screening groups. Moreover, except for the eastern regions, there was no statistical difference in the detection rate of CIN2+ between TS group and the other two groups in central and western regions. CONCLUSION: If it can meet the requirements of the laboratory and personnel, HPV test seems to be the preferred method for cervical cancer screening in rural areas of China. The characteristics of minimal training requirements, simple operation, real-time results obtained without the collection of cervical cell samples and the help of laboratory equipment and cytologists of TS make it ideal for cervical cancer screening in low-resource regions.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Alphapapillomavirus , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Colposcopia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Geografia Médica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Prevalência , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , População Rural , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos
8.
BMC Womens Health ; 20(1): 139, 2020 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been regarded as the cause of cervical cancer in over 99% of cases, only a small fraction of HPV-infected women develop this malignancy. Emerging evidence suggests that alterations of mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtCN) may contribute to carcinogenesis. However, the relationship between mtCN and cervical cancer remains undetermined. METHODS: The current study included 591 cervical cancer cases and 373 cancer-free controls, all of whom were infected with high-risk HPV. Relative mtCN in cervical cancer exfoliated cells was measured by qRT-PCR assays, and logistic regression analysis was performed to compute odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Interaction between mtCN and HPV types was assessed by using the Wald test in logistic regression models. RESULTS: HPV16, 18, 52, and 58 were the most common types in both case and control groups. Median mtCN in cases was significantly higher than that in controls (1.63 vs. 1.23, P = 0.03). After adjustment for age and HPV types, the highest quartile of mtCN was associated with increased odds of having cervical cancer (OR = 1.77, 95% CI = 1.19, 2.62; P < 0.01), as compared to the lowest quartile. A dose-response effect of mtCN on cervical cancer was also observed (Ptrend < 0.001). The interaction between mtCN and HPV types was statistically nonsignificant. CONCLUSIONS: In women who test HPV positive, the increase of mtCN in cervical exfoliated cells is associated with cervical cancer. This suggests a potential role of mtCN in cervical carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
9.
Ann Epidemiol ; 49: 36-41, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711054

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the association between body mass index and incident or persistent cervical high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) infection. METHODS: This cohort study included 6809 women from the general Danish population who participated in two clinical visits (in 1991-1993 and in 1993-1995). Height and weight were measured by nurses, lifestyle data were obtained by structured interviews, and cervical cytology samples were obtained for hrHPV DNA testing. We conducted log-binomial regression to estimate risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of incident and type-specific persistent hrHPV infection according to body mass index, adjusting for age, education, smoking, and the number of sexual partners in the past year. RESULTS: We found no increased risk of incident hrHPV infection in women who were underweight (RRadjusted, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.64-1.48), overweight (RRadjusted, 0.98, 95% CI, 0.82-1.17), or obese (RRadjusted, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.63-1.36) compared with women of normal weight. The risk of hrHPV persistence was similar in overweight (RRadjusted, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.71-1.34) and obese (RRadjusted, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.56-1.79) women compared with women of normal weight, whereas underweight women had a lower risk (RRadjusted, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.11-0.95). CONCLUSIONS: Overweight and obesity were not associated with HPV incidence or persistence when adjusting for sexual behavior.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Colo do Útero/virologia , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Estudos de Coortes , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Programas de Rastreamento , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Vigilância da População , Magreza/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
10.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 30(8): 1097-1100, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487685
11.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 302(3): 649-655, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488400

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of cervical pre-malignancies in the cervical cytology of female renal transplant recipients (RTR) and compare to immunocompetent patients. METHODS: A prospective case-control study of 165 RTR (cases) and 372 immunocompetent women (controls) was carried out from May 2015 to August 2016. The participants completed a questionnaire with demographic characteristics, habits, reproductive history, and information about the renal transplant. Cervical cytology samples were collected at their visit for cervical cancer screening. Relevant medical history was obtained from medical records and previous cervical cytology results were retrieved: from the time of kidney transplantation to the beginning of this study for RTR and all collected throughout life for controls. RESULTS: The mean age was similar between groups (42.6 ± 11.4 vs. 41.8.2 ± 11.1 years, p = 0.447). Considering cervical cytology collected since the kidney transplant, RTR had three times higher rates of abnormal cervical cytology test (24.8% of RTR vs. 6.3% for controls), and the abnormalities were more frequent (p < 0.001) for low squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) (n = 23, 13.9%) and high squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) (n = 9, 5.5%). Cervical cytology collected during the study had normal results in 152 RTR (92.1%) vs. 326 controls (93.9%) (p > 0.05). When the altered results were broken down, a higher frequency of LSIL could be seen in RTR (3.6% vs 0.0%, p = 0.008). CONCLUSION: RTR had significantly higher rates of cervical cytology abnormalities comparing to the control group and most of it was composed of LSIL.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Colo do Útero/patologia , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Imunocompetência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/parasitologia , Vagina/patologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Acta Cytol ; 64(5): 486-491, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to find out whether ThinPrep Integrated Imager (Hologic Inc.) screening is non-inferior to manual screening in the detection of cervical lesion. STUDY DESIGN: For a total of 4,011 ThinPrep Pap test specimens stained by ThinPrep staining, manual screening (Manual arm) and ThinPrep Integrated Imager screening (Imager arm) were performed so as not to be screened by the same cytotechnologist, and the sensitivity and specificity in the detection of cervical lesion were compared using McNemar's test. RESULTS: The sensitivity to detect CIN1 or more squamous cell abnormalities or glandular abnormalities was 91.67% (= 374/408, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 88.44-94.08%) for the Manual arm and 92.40% (= 377/408, 95% CI: 89.28-94.70%) for the Imager arm, and the specificity was 88.87% (= 3,113/3,503, 95% CI: 87.77-89.88%) for the Manual arm and 89.55% (= 3,137/3,503, 95% CI: 88.48-90.54%) for the Imager arm. The differences in sensitivity and in specificity, respectively, were 0.74% (95% CI: -3.14-4.61%, McNemar's test, p = 0.8041) and 0.69% (95% CI: -0.13-1.50%, McNemar's test, p = 0.1125). About the equality of sensitivity and specificity between the 2 methods, 95% CIs of the difference between sensitivity and specificity are in the clinical equivalence range of ±5%, so the Imager arm is non-inferior to the Manual arm. CONCLUSION: The Imager arm was confirmed to have an equivalent and non-inferior capacity in the detection of cervical lesions compared with the Manual arm, suggesting that its practical application in cervical cytology tests is highly possible.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Citodiagnóstico/métodos , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos , Feminino , Humanos
13.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 301(6): 1503-1512, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32322982

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Management of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia [CIN grade 2 or 3 (CIN2-3)] diagnosed during pregnancy is controversial. Monitoring with colposcopy and cytology every 8-12 weeks is advised by the most current guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: This study analyzes the course of disease in pregnant women with abnormal cytologies or clinically suspicious cervixes. RESULTS: In total, 139 pregnant women, at a median age of 31 years (range 19-49), treated at the Colposcopy Unit of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf between 2011 and 2017 were identified. During pregnancy, at least one biopsy was performed on 70.5% of patients. In 84.7% of cases, CIN2-3 (CIN2 n = 14 (14.3%), CIN3 n = 69 (70.4%)) was detected, 7.1% (n = 7) of women were diagnosed with CIN1, while no dysplasia was found in 8.2% (n = 8) of cases. No interventions were necessary during pregnancy. Despite explicit invitation, only 72.3% of women with CIN2-3 attended postpartal consultations. While 61.7% showed persistent lesions, 5% were diagnosed with CIN1 and 33.3% with complete remission. During pregnancy, 68.7% of women with prepartal CIN2-3 were tested for HPV infection. Later, 49.1% were followed up postpartally by means of HPV testing and histology. HPV clearance was observed in 36.4% of women with complete histological remission. Postpartum conization was performed on 44.6% of patients with prepartal CIN2-3 diagnosis. CIN2-3 was histologically confirmed in 97.3% cases. Progression from persistent CIN3 to microinvasive carcinoma was observed in a single case. CONCLUSIONS: High-grade CIN lesions, diagnosed during pregnancy, show a high rate of regression postpartum; whereas, progression to carcinoma is rare. Close and continuous monitoring rarely has any therapeutic consequences. Compliance for postpartal follow-up needs to be improved.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
14.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(1): 63-68, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314725

RESUMO

Objective To explore the value of double labeling of P16/ki67, E6/E7 mRNA of human papillomavirus (HPV) and combined detection in shunt diagnosis of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) by thin-layer cervical cytology (TCT). Methods The study enrolled 239 patients who underwent colposcopy and biopsy within 4 weeks after primary TCT diagnosis. The remaining cytological samples were double-labeled with P16/ki67 immunocytochemical staining and the HPV E6/E7 mRNA was detected by Panther automatic HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection system. Using SPSS22.0 software, the positive rates of P16/ki67 double-labeling, HPV E6/E7 mRNA and combined detection were analyzed in different cervical lesions, and the positive rates in the same cervical lesions were compared horizontally to evaluate the efficiency of double labeling of P16/ki67, HPV E6/E7 and combined detection in the diagnosis of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and above lesions. Results The diagnostic results of HE staining for the 239 cases of LSIL were 71 cases of chronic cervicitis (29.71%), 143 cases of LSIL (59.83%), 22 cases of HSIL (9.20%) and 3 cases of cervical cancer (1.26%). There were 46 cases of P16+ki67+ lesions (19.25%), 41 cases of ki67+P16- lesions (17.15%), 33 cases of ki67-P16+ lesions (13.81%) and 119 cases of P16-ki67- lesions (49.79%). The positive rates of P16/ki67 double-labeling, HPV E6/E7 mRNA and combined detection increased with the severity of cervical lesions. The positive rate of combined detection was the highest in the HSIL lesions, which was higher than that of P16/ki67 double-labeling and HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection. The sensitivity of combined detection was higher than that of P16/ki67 double-labeling and HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection. The Youden index of joint detection was 0.7850. Conclusion The combined detection of P16/ki67 double labeling, HPV E6/E7 mRNA and HPV E6/E7 mRNA had a certain clinical value in the management of cell LSIL shunt diagnosis. The combined detection significantly improved the sensitivity and Youden index of HSIL and above lesions, while maintaining a high specificity and coincidence rate.


Assuntos
Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/análise , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/análise , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/virologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67 , Papillomaviridae , RNA Mensageiro , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291178

RESUMO

Cytology-based cervical screening had unequivocal success in reducing the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in the last century. The recognition of the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) as a necessary cause of cervical cancer led to the development of HPV testing. Gradually, there has been a shift from reflex HPV testing for mild cytological abnormalities, to co-testing with cytology and HPV, and lately to primary HPV screening, based on evidence from well-designed large randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses. Advantages of primary HPV screening include higher sensitivity to detect pre-neoplastic lesions, better re-assurance with a negative test, and safe prolongation of screening intervals. However, clinicians and policy makers must ensure the availability of clinically validated HPV assays and triage protocols of screen positive cases prior to implementation of primary HPV screening. This is likely to reduce potential harm from over-treatment as well as extra burden on the health care system.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/prevenção & controle , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Esfregaço Vaginal
16.
BJOG ; 127(10): 1260-1267, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+) in women referred to colposcopy with persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) cytology-negative screening sample according to hrHPV genotype, age at referral and colposcopic performance. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Single colposcopy clinic linked to a population-based screening programme. POPULATION: Women referred with persistent hrHPV cytology-negative routine screening samples. METHODS: Prospective study with descriptive statistics from a single colposcopy unit between June 2014 and July 2019. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of hrHPV genotypes and CIN2+, positive predictive value for colposcopic impression, and inadequate colposcopic examinations. RESULTS: A total of 3107 women were referred. Prevalence of CIN2+ was highest for persistent HPV16 infections (10.7%) compared with HPV18 (3.6%) or HPVO (4.7%). Prevalence of CIN2+ declined with age (25-34 years 14.2% to 55-64 years 1.1%) whereas the percentage of women with an inadequate colposcopic examination increased (25-34 years 0.9% to 55-64 years 29.5%). High-grade colposcopic impression fell over time during the study from 16.1 to 5.1%. The positive predictive value for colposcopic impression of CIN2+ was affected by hrHPV genotype (57.3% for HPV16 versus 32.1% for nonHPV16). The adjunctive use of electrical impedance spectroscopy detected an extra 42 cases of CIN2+, which was irrespective of hrHPV genotype. CONCLUSIONS: Primary hrHPV cervical screening increases detection of CIN2+; however, low specificity results in more women being referred to colposcopy with a low prevalence of CIN2+. Colposcopy performs poorly in some groups, particularly with HPVO infections and women over 50 years of age. An appropriate threshold for referral to colposcopy in primary hrHPV screening has not been established. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Low prevalence of CIN2+ in HPV-positive negative cytology samples. HPV genotype, age and prevalence of CIN2+ affect colposcopic performance.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Colposcopia/normas , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
17.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(3): 252-256, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252206

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the performance of Hybribio human papillomavirus (HPV) typing test kit for high risk HPV-DNA typing detection in screening of cervical precancer lesions. Methods: A total of 9 914 women were recruited in Henan, Shanxi, and Guangdong provinces from June to July 2017. All women underwent HPV DNA test. The women who diagnosed as HPV positive and cytological examination ≥ atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or HPV negative and cytological examination≥low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) underwent colposcopy biopsy and pathological examination. Using the pathological diagnosis as the gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and 95% confidence interval (CI) of high-risk HPV and HPV16/18 tests were calculated. Results: The mean age of 9 914 subjects was (45.0±9.3) years old. Among them, 1 302 subjects were detected as high risk HPV positive, including 211 of HPV16 positive and 64 of HPV18 positive. According to the pathological gold standard of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) or worse, the sensitivity and specificity of high risk-HPV and HPV 16/18 for triaging ASCUS women were 90.6% (95%CI: 75.8%-96.8%) and 78.0% (95%CI: 74.5%-81.2%) as well as 56.3% (95%CI: 39.3%-71.8%) and 95.7% (95%CI: 93.8%-97.1%), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of high risk-HPV and HPV 16/18 for cervical precancer lesions screening were 95.1% (95%CI: 88.1%-98.1%) and 87.6% (95%CI: 86.9%-88.2%) as well as 65.9% (95%CI: 55.1%-75.2%) and 97.8% (95%CI: 97.5%-98.1%), respectively. Conclusions: The Hybribio HPV test kit has a relative high sensitivity and specificity for cervical precancer lesions screening and ASCUS triaging. It is reliable for HPV DNA detection and cervical cancer screening.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Teste de Papanicolaou , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biópsia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colo do Útero/virologia , Colposcopia , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155755

RESUMO

(1) Background: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in Korean women. This study was performed to discover the utility of HPV (Human Papillomavirus) testing in screening of cervical lesions and to provide the prevalence of HPV and the genotype distribution in a single center of Korea. (2) Methods: A total of 15,141 women who underwent both HPV testing and cervical cytology were enrolled in this retrospective medical record review study. (3) Results: HPV testing showed higher sensitivity than cytology for the detection of histological high-grade squamous lesions. Furthermore, the sensitivity and specificity of HPV testing varied depending on the method used. The BD Onclarity™ HPV assay had higher sensitivity (90%) than the MyHPV CHIP™ kit (all types of HPV: 82%; high-risk HPV: 76%) for high-grade squamous lesions. A combination of MyHPV CHIP™ and cytology detected 90.9% (30/33) of histological high-grade squamous lesions. A combination of BD Onclarity™ HPV assay and cytology detected 96.55% (84/87) of histological high-grade squamous lesions. In addition, HPV prevalence and genotype distribution were different depending on the HPV testing method used. (4) Conclusion: HPV testing showed higher sensitivity than cytology, but the sensitivity and specificity of HPV testing had variation depending on the method used.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 153(6): 734-742, 2020 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In 2012, the US Preventive Services Task Force decreased the recommended frequency of cervical cytology screening to once every 3 years and recommended against testing women younger than 21 years regardless of sexual history. We evaluated the impact of this in 21 to 29-year-old women at a tertiary care academic medical center in 2011 and 2017. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed Papanicolaou test results at two time points in 21- to 29-year-old women. RESULTS: There was a decrease in the number of high-grade lesions in 21- to 25-year-old women (odds ratio [OR], 0.36) from 2011 to 2017. Within the 26- to 29-year-old patient group, there was a trend toward a higher percentage of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) in 2017 compared to 2011 on cytology, which did not reach statistical significance (OR, 1.46). However, follow-up histologic specimens showed a higher percentage of HSIL in 2017 compared to 2011 in this age group (OR, 2.16). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the cervical cancer screening guidelines introduced in 2012 have not had a detrimental impact on the outcomes of cervical cancer screening for 21- to 25-year-old women. However, we need to continue monitoring the effects of decreased screening in 26- to 29-year-old women.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Teste de Papanicolaou , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Esfregaço Vaginal , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
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