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1.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(6): 1588-1591, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111077

RESUMO

Objective: To analyse dose-response relationship between the common risk factor of tobacco consumption and oral lesions like squamous cell carcinoma and pre-cancerous lesions. METHODS: The cross-sectional case-control study was conducted at Ziauddin University, Karachi from 2011 to 2016, and comprised histologically-confirmed cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma in group A, clinically-diagnosed oral pre-cancerous lesions in group B, and habit-matched controls in group C. The subjects were enrolled from 2011 to 2016. Life-time tobacco exposure was calculated using chewing index and smoking index for comparison between cases and controls. Data was analysed using SPSS 20. RESULTS: Of the 358 subjects, 150(42%) were in group A with a mean age of 47.1±12.22 years, 100(28%) were in group B with a mean age of 34.17±13.78 years, and 108(30%) were in group C with a mean age of 41.6±14.58 years. Of all the group A patients, 125(83.33%) and 96(96%) in group B had a positive history of tobacco use, with tobacco-chewers being the most in numbers 172(68.8%). Exclusive smoking was seen in 11(4.4%) cases, 38(15.2%) patients were both tobacco-chewers and smokers, and 29(11.6%) were tobacco-free. Group A and B patients had life-time tobacco exposures either equal or lower compared to group C controls (p>0.05). Conclusion: Life-time tobacco exposure indices were either comparable or lower in patients compared to the controls.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Bucais/etiologia , Uso de Tabaco/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062896

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Oral cancer is the 6th most common cancer in the world and oral leukoplakia is an oral potentially malignant disorder that could develop into oral cancer. This systematic review focusses on randomized clinical trials for recombinant adenovirus p-53 (rAD-p53) therapy for the treatment of oral leukoplakia and cancer. Materials and Methods: We searched for research articles on various databases such as Pubmed/Medline, Embase, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infra-structure), Springerlink, cochrane and Web of sciences from 2003 to 2020. MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms were used for the search. Inclusion criteria included original research, randomized clinical trials and articles only in English language. Exclusion criteria were any articles that were not research articles, not randomized trials, non-human studies, etc. The articles were further graded on the Jadad scale. Results: 578 articles were assessed from various databases; only 3 articles were found to be appropriate for this review. Thus, meta-analysis was not performed because of heterogeneity and lack of data. In the three studies, whether rAD-p53 was used as a standalone therapy or with other therapies, there was a beneficial effect of the therapy. Furthermore, there were no serious adverse events and the only adverse events reported were fever, pain at the local injection site, flu-like symptoms and lowered WBC count. Conclusions: Thus, we can conclude that this therapy has a potential for beneficial therapeutic effects and further clinical trials with more patients need to be performed to get better understanding of the effect of rAD-p53 therapy, which probably will pave the way to its approval in other parts of the world.


Assuntos
Adenovírus Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , China , Humanos , Leucoplasia Oral/terapia , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53
3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(9)2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34066507

RESUMO

This aim of this study was to find effective spectral bands for the early detection of oral cancer. The spectral images in different bands were acquired using a self-made portable light-emitting diode (LED)-induced autofluorescence multispectral imager equipped with 365 and 405 nm excitation LEDs, emission filters with center wavelengths of 470, 505, 525, 532, 550, 595, 632, 635, and 695 nm, and a color image sensor. The spectral images of 218 healthy points in 62 healthy participants and 218 tumor points in 62 patients were collected in the ex vivo trials at China Medical University Hospital. These ex vivo trials were similar to in vivo because the spectral images of anatomical specimens were immediately acquired after the on-site tumor resection. The spectral images associated with red, blue, and green filters correlated with and without nine emission filters were quantized by four computing method, including summated intensity, the highest number of the intensity level, entropy, and fractional dimension. The combination of four computing methods, two excitation light sources with two intensities, and 30 spectral bands in three experiments formed 264 classifiers. The quantized data in each classifier was divided into two groups: one was the training group optimizing the threshold of the quantized data, and the other was validating group tested under this optimized threshold. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of each classifier were derived from these tests. To identify the influential spectral bands based on the area under the region and the testing results, a single-layer network learning process was used. This was compared to conventional rules-based approaches to show its superior and faster performance. Consequently, four emission filters with the center wavelengths of 470, 505, 532, and 550 nm were selected by an AI-based method and verified using a rule-based approach. The sensitivities of six classifiers using these emission filters were more significant than 90%. The average sensitivity of these was about 96.15%, the average specificity was approximately 69.55%, and the average accuracy was about 82.85%.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , China , Humanos , Fígado , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Rev Med Liege ; 76(5-6): 550-553, 2021 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080396

RESUMO

Treatments for oral cancer can seriously impair the function and the aesthetic, and thus contribute to a significant reduction in the quality of life of affected patients. The role of prosthetic dentists in the multidisciplinary management of these patients is essential both in oral rehabilitation and in prosthetic planning and subsequent rehabilitation. Therefore, these dentists should be involved in the care pathway in order to shape and design the further oral rehabilitation prior to reconstructive surgery and ultimately make the patient smile again.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida
5.
Front Public Health ; 9: 647120, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34113597

RESUMO

Cerium (Ce), the most abundant of rare earth elements in the earth's crust, has received much health concerns due to its wide application in industry, agriculture, and medicine. The current study aims to evaluate whether there is an association between Ce exposures and the risk of developing oral cancer. Serum Ce level of 324 oral cancer patients and 650 matched healthy controls were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Association between Ce level and the risk of oral cancer was estimated with an unconditional logistic regression model. Serum Ce concentrations in the oral cancer patients and controls were 0.57 (0.21-3.02) µg/L and 2.27 (0.72-4.26) µg/L, respectively. High level of Ce was associated with a decreased risk of oral cancer (OR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.43-0.84). Stronger inverse associations between high level of Ce and oral cancer risk were observed among those with smoking (OR: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.27-0.79), drinking (OR: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.26-0.96), limited intake of leafy vegetables (OR: 0.40, 95% CI: 0.22-0.71) and fish (OR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.33-0.83). There were significant multiplicative interactions between Ce level and alcohol drinking or intake of leafy vegetables and fish (all Pinteraction <0.05). This preliminary case-control study suggests an inverse association between high serum Ce level and the risk of oral cancer. Further prospective studies with a larger sample size are needed to confirm the findings.


Assuntos
Cério , Neoplasias Bucais , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/induzido quimicamente , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Head Face Med ; 17(1): 18, 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a malignant disease that threatenshuman life and greatly reducespatientquality of life. ANLN was reported to promote the progression of cancer. This study aims to investigate the role of ANLNin oral cancer and the underlying molecular mechanism. METHODS: ANLN expression was downregulated by RNAi technology. The effect of ANLN on cell behaviors, including proliferation, cell cycle progression, invasion, and apoptosis, was detected. Western blotting analysis was used to explore the mechanism by whichANLN functions in oral cancer. RESULTS: Data from TCGA database showed that ANLN was expressed at significantly higher levels in tumor tissues thanin normal control tissues. Patients with higher ANLN expression exhibitedshorter survivaltimes. ANLN was alsoabundantly expressedin the cancer cell lines CAL27 and HN30. When ANLN was knocked down in CAL27 and HN30 cells, cell proliferation and colony formation weredecreased. The cell invasion ability was also inhibited. However, the cell apoptosis rate was increased. In addition, the levels of critical members of the PI3K signaling pathway, includingPI3K, mTOR, Akt, and PDK-1, were significantlyreducedafter ANLN was knocked down in CAL27 cells. CONCLUSIONS: ANLN contributes to oral cancerprogressionand affects activation ofthe PI3K/mTOR signaling pathway. This study providesa new potential targetfor drug development and treatment in oral cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Transdução de Sinais , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
7.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e063, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076188

RESUMO

FITOPROT, which contains curcuminoids and Bidens pilosa L. extract, is an innovative mucoadhesive formulation indicated for the topical treatment of chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with advanced and visible oral squamous cell carcinoma. The formulation is used as a mouthwash directly on tumor tissue of patients with advanced neoplasms, without triggering cancer cell proliferation or tumor invasiveness. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the biological effects of FITOPROT on an oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line (SCC-4). The viability of SCC-4 cells was assessed after exposure to FITOPROT using MTT reduction assay. The effects of the mucoadhesive formulation on cell cycle progression and cell death parameters were evaluated using flow cytometry. In addition, the inflammatory profile of the tumor cells was evaluated using the cytometric bead array (CBA) assay. FITOPROT promoted a concentration-dependent decrease in cell viability and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase (p < 0.05). Mitochondrial membrane potential was also altered after exposure to the formulation (p < 0.05), in parallel with a reduction in VEGF and IL-8 production (p = 0.01 and p = 0.05, respectively). In summary, the results indicate that FITOPROT reduces SCC-4 cell viability, promotes cell cycle arrest, modulates mitochondrial membrane potential, and exhibits antiangiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties, thus indicating its potential for topical use in patients with OM and visible tumors in the mouth.


Assuntos
Bidens , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Diarileptanoides , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico
8.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 17(5): 822-837, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082869

RESUMO

Tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) are thought to contribute to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) initiation and progression. However, the underlying mechanism through which TAMs foster OSCC progression is still unclear. This study intended to determine whether there are exclusively exosomal miRNAs-derived macrophages that are functionally necessary for OSCC progression. The phenotype of TAM recruitment in OSCC tissue samples was assessed, subsequently identifying the influence of M2 macrophages and exosomes derived from M2 macrophages on OSCC proliferation and tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo. CD68 and CD163, the specific markers of M2 type macrophages, were upregulated in TAMs presented in intra-cancer tissues. M2 macrophages and M2 macrophage-derived exosomes (M2 exos) both can promote OSCC growth and tumorigenicity. An exosomal RNA-seq analysis was conducted to predict regulatory exosomal miRNAs related to OSCC growth, which determined miR-31-5p and LATS2 for subsequent experiments. Mechanistically, miR-31-5p was delivered to recipient OSCC cells through M2 exos and complementary pairing with the large tumor suppressor 2 (LATS2) coding sequence, thus suppressing the expression of LATS2 and inactivation the Hippo signaling pathway to support OSCC growth. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that M2 macrophage-derived exosomal miR- 31-5p can make tumor suppressor LATS2 gene inhibited and facilitate the progression of OSCC via inhibiting the Hippo signaling pathway, which possibly provides new targets for the molecular therapy of OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , Transdução de Sinais , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Macrófagos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor
9.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(2): 140-144, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109351

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of B cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) in oral squamous cell carcinoma(OSCC). METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of BTG1 protein in 78 cases of OSCC tissues, 78 adjacent tissues, 20 normal oral mucosa tissues, and 80 cervical lymph nodes. Western blot and real-time quantitative PCR were used to detect BTG1 protein and mRNA expression levels in 78 OSCC tissues and adjacent tissues. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, Log rank test and Cox regression analysis were performed with SPSS 21.0 software package. RESULTS: The expression level of BTG1 in OSCC and cervical positive lymph nodes was significantly lower than that in normal tissues and negative lymph nodes adjacent to the cancer, and the expression of BTG1 in poorly differentiated OSCC was significantly lower than that in highly differentiated OSCC (P<0.05); Survival analysis showed the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival time(OS) of BTG1 low-expression group were significantly lower than those of high-expression group (P<0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that the degree of tumor differentiation, cervical lymph node metastasis, and BTG1 expression all affected patients' prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: BTG1 is lowerly expressed in OSCC, with expression related to TNM stage and differentiation of OSCC but no relation with gender, age, and tumor location, including that BTG1 may be involved in the occurrence, development and prognosis of OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
10.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(2): 201-205, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109363

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to detect and analyze the existence of differential metabolites from saliva of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma(OSCC) by metabonomics method, and to evaluate its application value on clinical diagnosis or screening of OSCC. METHODS: The collected saliva samples for OSCC patients, oral leukoplakiac(OLK) patients who were pathologically diagnosed and met the inclusion criteria were analyzed using metabonomics methods (GC-TOF-MS). The results were analyzed by principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis using SIMCA software. RESULTS: The metabolic profiles of OSCC, OLK and healthy control group showed significant differences (P<0.05). In total, 15 typical differential metabolites among the three groups were detected. Further study focusing on metabolic pathway revealed imbalance of protein, energy and lipid metabolism between OSCC and OLK patients. Abnormal tricarboxylic acid cycle was detected as well. CONCLUSIONS: Metabonomics methods is feasible for differential metabolites analysis,15 differential metabolites were detected in OSCC,OLK patients and healthy people. These findings will contribute to the early screening of oral squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Humanos , Leucoplasia Oral , Metabolômica , Saliva , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
11.
J Int Med Res ; 49(6): 3000605211013207, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the circular RNA vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein A (circVAPA) and the pathogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: The expression of circVAPA was detected by RT-qPCR. In vitro loss-of-function experiments were performed in Cal-27 cells. The malignant phenotype of cells was evaluated by cell counting kit-8, clone formation and transwell assays. Luciferase reporter assays were used to assess the circVAPA/miR-132/homeobox A (HOXA) regulatory axis. RESULTS: circVAPA expression was significantly increased in oral cancer tissues and cells. The overall survival and progression-free survival of patients with oral cancer who exhibited high circVAPA expression were significantly shorter compared with those with low expression. circVAPA expression was closely related to tumor size, TNM stage and distant metastasis. circVAPA knockdown reduced the proliferation, invasion and migration of Cal-27 cells. MiR-132 was identified as a target of circVAPA in Cal-27 cells. Cotransfection with si-circVAPA and miR-132 inhibitor reversed the inhibitory effect of circVAPA knockdown on cell malignant phenotypes. HOXA7 was further identified as a downstream target of miR-132. CONCLUSION: circVAPA is highly expressed in oral cancer, and its abnormal expression might affect the proliferation, invasion and migration of oral cancer cells by modulating the miR-132/HOXA7 signaling axis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/genética
12.
Arch Oral Biol ; 127: 105158, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022545

RESUMO

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is one of the autoimmune diseases associated with chronic inflammation that involves several complications including the potential for malignant transformation into oral squamous cell carcinoma. Pathogenesis of OLP are yet to be fully comprehended however, it has been demonstrated that the epithelial cells in OLP lesions are affected by cytotoxic T lymphocytes leading to immunological reactions. Various factors are reported to act as diagnostic markers for predicting and monitoring the cancerous progression. Hence, in this review, we summarize and present the latest studies regarding the predictive markers associated with malignant potential of OLP.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Líquen Plano Bucal , Neoplasias Bucais , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Humanos
13.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(3): 320-327, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34041882

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the effect of the regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2) on the proliferation and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells and its potential molecular mechanism. Metho⁃ds The expression status and clinical significance of RGS2 in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas and matched adjacent normal tissues were evaluated using TCGA database. Three OSCC cell lines (i.e., SCC-9, Cal27, and Fadu) were overexpressed with RGS2, and the effect of RGS2 on cell proliferation and invasion was determined using the Transwell, clone formation, and cell counting kit (CCK)-8 assays. Moreover, the yeast two-hybrid scree-ning and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assays were conducted to detect the correlation of RGS2, four and a half LIM domains protein 1 (FHL1), and damage DNA-binding protein 1 (DDB1). RESULTS: The expression level of RGS2 in OSCC was significantly lower than that in matched adjacent normal tissues (P=0.023). The high RGS2 expression level was negatively correlated with lymphovascular invasion (P<0.001). After transfection with lentiv-RGS2, the expression of RGS2 was increased, and the invasion and proliferation abilities of OSCC cell lines were evidently inhibited. FHL1 could competitively bind with RGS2, which decreased the integration of DDB1 and RGS2, inhibited the ubiquitination process of RGS2, and maintained the stability of the RGS2 protein. CONCLUSIONS: RGS2 plays an important role in the inhibition of OSCC proliferation and invasion. The structure stability of RGS2 is competitively regulated by FHL1 and DDB1.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Proteínas com Domínio LIM , Proteínas Musculares , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
14.
J Int Med Res ; 49(5): 300060520939031, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34038200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNA (miR)-99a-5p acts as a tumor suppressor in several tumors, including bladder cancer and breast cancer, but its biological function in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is poorly understood. METHODS: miR-99a-5p expression was determined in OSCC tissues and cell lines using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Cell proliferation was assessed by the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and colony formation assay. Wound healing and Transwell assays were used to analyze migration and invasion abilities, respectively, in OSCC cells. The luciferase reporter assay, RT-qPCR, and western blotting were used to determine the relationship between miR-99a-5p and isoprenylcysteine carboxylmethyltransferase (ICMT). RESULTS: miR-99a-5p expression in OSCC tissues and cell lines was significantly decreased compared with corresponding controls, and was significantly associated with clinical stage and lymph node metastasis in OSCC. Functional assays revealed that miR-99a-5p overexpression significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of CAL-27 and TCA-8113 OSCC cells. miR-99a-5p was found to directly target ICMT, while ICMT restoration reversed the role of miR-99a-5p in OSCC cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that miR-99a-5p-mediates the down-regulation of ICMT, which could be used as a novel potential therapeutic target for OSCC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Proteínas Metiltransferases , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
15.
Arch Oral Biol ; 127: 105139, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964648

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hypericum perforatum L also known as St. John's wort is known to have many beneficial properties for the organism including its antioxidant and anticancer activities. It is also known to have shown antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects against various cancer cell lines. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Hypericum perforatum L on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced rat oral squamous cell carcinoma model. DESIGN: The in vitro antioxidant properties of Hypericum perforatum L was determined and an extract was prepared. Thirty Wistar male rats were divided randomly into 4 groups (Control group, DMBA group, HP + DMBA group, HP group). The antioxidant defense mechanisms in tissue and blood samples were evaluated biochemically and immunohistochemically, the carcinomatous changes in connective tissue were investigated immunohistochemically and epithelial changes in the tissue samples were evaluated histopathologically. RESULTS: The extract revealed inhibitory effects on some antioxidant enzymes (catalase, glutathione peroxidase). Immunohistochemical evaluations revealed no invasive changes in the connective tissue. Hypericum perforatum L demonstrated chemopreventive effects although it did not prevent carcinomatous changes altogether. CONCLUSIONS: Hypericum perforatum L is a promising chemopreventive agent and further studies are needed in order to evaluate the full potential of this plant.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Hypericum , Neoplasias Bucais , Animais , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal , Neoplasias Bucais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/prevenção & controle , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
16.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 281: 498-499, 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042619

RESUMO

Tumor-associated autoantibodies can be used as biomarkers for detecting different types of cancers. Our objective was to use machine learning techniques to predict high-risk cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with salivary autoantibodies. The optimal model was using eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.765 (p < 0.01). Thus, applying machine learning model to early detect high-risk cases of OSCC could assist the clinic treatment and prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(18): e25857, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951000

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is one of the most common glomerular diseases, leading to end-stage renal disease. Among the 5 variants of FSGS, the collapsing variant is rare and has the worst prognosis. Solid and hematologic malignancies are associated with glomerular diseases, such as membranous nephropathy, minimal change disease, and FSGS. However, squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity is rarely associated with nephrotic syndrome, especially FSGS. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old woman diagnosed with oral cavity cancer presented with generalized edema with heavy proteinuria and renal dysfunction after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and wide surgical excision. DIAGNOSIS: Renal biopsy shows segmental or global collapse of glomerular capillaries with marked hyperplasia and swelling of overlying epithelial cells, suggesting a collapsing variant of FSGS. INTERVENTIONS: After the renal biopsy, we prescribed oral prednisolone at a dose of 1 mg/kg/day. Despite immunosuppressive treatment, renal function deteriorated, and hemodialysis was started. OUTCOMES: After 23 sessions of hemodialysis and high-dose oral glucocorticoid treatment, renal function gradually improved, and oral glucocorticoid therapy was discontinued after 8 months. Currently, this patient is in a cancer-free state and has normal renal function without proteinuria. LESSONS: Unusual collapsing FSGS might be associated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and wide surgical excision in patients with oral cavity cancer. Proper diagnostic workup, such as renal biopsy and high-dose glucocorticoid therapy, might have helped recover from nephrotic syndrome and acute renal injury in cancer patients.


Assuntos
Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/complicações , Síndrome Nefrótica/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Biópsia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/etiologia , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/patologia , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/terapia , Humanos , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Síndrome Nefrótica/etiologia , Síndrome Nefrótica/patologia , Síndrome Nefrótica/terapia , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Diálise Renal , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
F1000Res ; 10: 310, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976868

RESUMO

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive investigative technique that is used to obtain high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) images of biological structures. This method is useful in diagnosing diseases of specific organs like the eye, where a direct biopsy cannot be conducted. Since its inception, significant advancements have been made in its technology. Apart from its initial application in ophthalmology for retinal imaging, substantial technological innovations in OCT brought by the research community have enabled its utilization beyond its original scope and allowed its application in many new clinical areas. This review presents a summary of the clinical applications of OCT in the field of medicine (ophthalmology, cardiology, otology, and dermatology) and dentistry (tissue imaging, detection of caries, analysis of dental polymer composite restorations, imaging of root canals, and diagnosis of oral cancer). In addition, potential advantages and disadvantages of OCT are also discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Humanos
20.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(3): 1028-1032, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057972

RESUMO

A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the adoptability of CK-19 as a routine diagnostic assay and potential prognostic marker following disseminated oral squamous cell carcinoma in Pakistani population. The current descriptive study was conducted at Isra Dental College Hospital, Isra University, Hyderabad, Pakistan. Suspected patients of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC), who visited the Isra Dental College Hospital's outpatient department from January 2014 up to January 2015 with four year follow up (from January 2015 up to December 2019), were included after ethical approval of the Institutional board. SPSS version 21.0 was used for data analysis. Sixty cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) were selected for CK-19 quantification by using PCR before and after incisional biopsy. Of the 60 included subjects, fifty-two (87 %) were male, whereas only 8 were female. The mean age of females was 43.2±21.5years and the mean age of males was 36.14±14.1years. Of the 12 CK-19 positive cases, only seven cases of OSCCs were found positive following four year follow up duration. Our study shows that CK-19 has a positive (20%) prognostic potential for diagnosing disseminated carcinomas (p=0.0001). Before adopting CK-19 as a routine laboratory assay for diagnosing disseminated carcinomas, proper research is required to fulfil existing knowledge gap and standardising clinical and histopathological criteria for disseminating OSCCs in parallel to CK-19 concentration.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Adulto Jovem
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