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1.
Ir Med J ; 112(4): 921, 2019 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081300

RESUMO

Introduction Primary cardiac tumours are rare. We report the first known case of congenital cardiac haemangioma in Ireland. Case A neonate presented with symptoms arising from a congenital atrial haemangioma on day three of life. The mass was successfully excised via median sternotomy and bicaval cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass. The patient was discharged day ten postoperatively and remained well at one year follow-up. Discussion The degree of debulking surgery required varies depending on tumour type. This report serves to aid clinicians in accurately suspecting, investigating and diagnosing patients with cardiac tumours.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Hemangioma/congênito , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Hemangioma/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido
3.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 105(6): e259-e261, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29409794

RESUMO

We report the case of a neonate born with a giant fibroma occupying the entirety of her left ventricle. Owing to the extensive resection, her postoperative course was complicated by severely diminished left ventricular function and complete heart block necessitating extracorporeal support. Ultimately, cardiac resynchronization therapy was used, after which the infant's ventricular function gradually improved and she was successfully discharged to home.


Assuntos
Fibroma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Feminino , Fibroma/complicações , Fibroma/congênito , Fibroma/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/complicações , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
4.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 9(4): 463-466, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27154796

RESUMO

We report the use of video-assisted cardioscopy (VAC) to assess the complete resection of a giant sessile rhabdomyoma of the left ventricle (LV) in a case of suspected neonatal tuberous sclerosis. A fetal echocardiogram performed at 20 weeks of gestation identified the mass at the apex of the LV and attached to the interventricular septum (IVS). Further echocardiography during the pregnancy demonstrated moderate growth of the LV mass. This was occupying more than two-thirds of the LV cavity after the delivery, and there were concerns of LV outflow tract obstruction. The 4-kg newborn underwent LV tumor excision via a left atrial approach at the age of 12 days. The mitral valve (MV) apparatus and the IVS had strong attachments to the mass. The tumor was successfully resected. In view of the invasiveness of the tumor, a decision was taken to perform an intracardiac assessment using a VAC to detect any iatrogenic complication. A Karl Storz Neuro Endoscope probe 4 mm in diameter and 14 mm in length with an angulation of 0° was passed into the left ventricular cavity through the MV with the aim to detect residual tumor and to identify any iatrogenic complications due to the extensive resection. Video-assisted cardioscopy allows visualization of inaccessible intraventricular structures avoiding ventriculotomy, which can cause ventricular dysfunction, arrhythmias, and aneurysm formation. The VAC was shown to be very useful in this situation, and the process can easily be repeated as required.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Rabdomioma/cirurgia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Feminino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Rabdomioma/congênito
6.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 63(6): 84-6, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26710412

RESUMO

Cardiac tumors represent a relatively rare, yet challenging diagnosis. Echocardiography is the main diagnostic tool for the detection of a cardiac tumor. We report a case of congenital giant intra-cardiac tumor, in which echocardiography revealed a large well-defined hyperechoic homogenous intracardiac mass involving interventricular septum which mimicked like asymmetrical septal hypertrophic pattern and another two small masses attached to right ventricular part of interventricular septum.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Evolução Fatal , Septos Cardíacos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino
7.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 99(3): 1064-6, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25742832

RESUMO

Surgical treatment for ventricular tachycardia associated with congenital cardiac tumors is rare. Intraoperative electroanatomic mapping was performed in a 23-month-old female infant to identify the arrhythmogenic substrate of the epicardium before tumor resection. Verification of the localized abnormal electrocardiogram on the tumor in the treatment of ventricular tachycardia was useful for successful partial resection and cryoablation of the giant fibroma.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Epicárdico/métodos , Fibroma/congênito , Fibroma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Monitorização Neurofisiológica Intraoperatória/métodos , Taquicardia Ventricular/complicações , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Fibroma/complicações , Neoplasias Cardíacas/complicações , Humanos , Lactente , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico
8.
Surg Today ; 44(9): 1768-70, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23674200

RESUMO

During the fetal-neonatal period, a primary cardiac tumor may be completely asymptomatic and such tumors may be incidentally discovered by echocardiography. A four-hour-old male was diagnosed to have a cardiac tumor by post-natal echocardiography and was observed closely. Surgery was indicated immediately at the 3 week follow-up examination when the tumor was found to have obstructed the right ventricle outflow. The tumor was resected successfully and its histopathology indicated that it was a fibroma. Follow-up echocardiograms and magnetic resonance imaging 5 months postoperatively demonstrated no evidence of any remaining tumor and his RV function was good.


Assuntos
Fibroma/congênito , Fibroma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Fibroma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/etiologia
10.
Kyobu Geka ; 65(13): 1169-71, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23202715

RESUMO

A 3-month-old boy was transferred to our hospital because of a cardiac tumor in the right heart, which had been prenatally diagnosed by fetal echocardiography. During the operation, the tumor was found on the Chiari's network in the right atrium. The tumor was excised and the ventricular septal defect was repaired. Postoperative histological examination revealed that the tumor was a papillary fibroelastoma. He was transferred to a pediatric unit for postoperative care.


Assuntos
Fibroma/congênito , Fibroma/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
11.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 39(5): 219-221, sept.-oct. 2012. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-106352

RESUMO

El rabdomioma es el tumor cardiaco más común en la vida fetal, muchas veces asociado a esclerosis tuberosa, y generalmente diagnosticado en el tercer trimestre de la gestación. Presentamos el caso de un rabdomioma cardiaco que ocupa la totalidad del ventrículo izquierdo del feto, como causa de trasplante cardiaco en la infancia (AU)


Rhabdomyoma is the most common cardiac tumor in fetuses. This entity is often associated with tuberous sclerosis and is usually diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy. We report a case of cardiac rhabdomyoma occupying the entire left ventricle of the fetus and leading to cardiac transplantation in infancy (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Rabdomioma/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Esclerose Tuberosa/complicações
12.
Pediatrics ; 130(1): e243-7, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22732179

RESUMO

Primary cardiac tumors are rare in childhood. The most common of these are rhabdomyomas. Considering that rhabdomyomas often show spontaneous regression, close follow-up may be sufficient in hemodynamically stable cases. However, hemodynamically significant cardiac rhabdomyomas confer a risk of morbidity and mortality. Herein, we report a newborn infant with multifocal cardiac rhabdomyomas treated with everolimus. The optimal dose of the drug was 0.25 mg 2 times per day, 2 days per week. Patients with inoperable cardiac rhabdomyomas and with symptoms may be candidates for everolimus treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Rabdomioma/tratamento farmacológico , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Everolimo , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Rabdomioma/congênito , Rabdomioma/diagnóstico , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico
13.
Cesk Patol ; 47(4): 189-91, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22145221

RESUMO

Intrapericardial teratoma is a rare congenital tumor that without treatment leads to cardiac failure in either the prenatal or postnatal period. Early diagnosis and recent surgical advances can, in some cases, delay development of intrauterine symptoms and allow final treatment through a tumor resection. However, a large number of intrapericardial tumors go undetected during prenatal diagnostics, until they are found as a cause of intrauterine death or postnatal cardiorespiratory insufficiency, as in our case report. An abortion was induced in the 23rd gestational week because there was no cardiac activity detected during a routine ultrasound scan in a 35-year old woman. The tumor was found during the postmortem of the fetus.


Assuntos
Morte Fetal/etiologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Pericárdio , Teratoma/patologia , Feminino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Teratoma/congênito , Teratoma/mortalidade
14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 92(2): 737-40, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21801937

RESUMO

Cardiac hemangiomas can occur at any age, but they are extremely rare when they occur early after birth. We describe the case of a 5-month-old infant who had a giant right atrial capillary hemangioma associated with massive pericardial effusion. The tumor was incidentally diagnosed during routine clinical follow-up. The hemangioma was removed successfully under cardiopulmonary bypass, and the patient's postoperative course was uneventful. The occurrence of giant capillary hemangioma in infancy represents an unusual event in the relevant literature. Herein, we discuss the clinical features and surgical management of this rare primary tumor of infancy.


Assuntos
Átrios do Coração/anormalidades , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Hemangioma Capilar/congênito , Hemangioma Capilar/cirurgia , Função do Átrio Direito/fisiologia , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/patologia , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Hemangioma Capilar/diagnóstico , Hemangioma Capilar/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Ligadura , Pericardiectomia , Esternotomia
15.
Fetal Pediatr Pathol ; 30(6): 370-4, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21843054

RESUMO

A 21-year-old patient, in her first and regularly controlled uneventful pregnancy, was admitted to hospital due to lower leg edema, hypertension, proteinuria, and weight gain. Fetal death occurred the next day and a female nonhydropic fetus, 40 cm CH, 1460 grams, at 29-week gestation was delivered. An autopsy showed no visible gross abnormalities except in the heart. The heart was enlarged, with five intramural and subendocardial nodules, 0.3 to 1 cm in size, three in the left ventricular free wall, and one in the right ventricle and right atrium, sharply demarcated, reddish-gray, moderately firm, with the typical appearance of rhabdomyoma.


Assuntos
Doenças Fetais/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Rabdomioma/patologia , Eclampsia/etiologia , Feminino , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Morte Fetal/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Humanos , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/congênito , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Gravidez , Rabdomioma/congênito , Adulto Jovem
16.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; 32(2): 166-8, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21512386

RESUMO

We report the occurrence of a clinically undiagnosed biatrial myxoma with left ventricular involvement in a 2-month-old male infant, resulting in sudden death. During a routine well-baby examination, a grade (34) holosystolic murmur was detected at the left sternal border with radiation to the axilla and back. On the following day, the patient collapsed and died suddenly. An autopsy revealed a large multifocal neoplasm diffusely involving the aortic valve while displaying mitral, tricuspid, and left ventricular extensions. The ensuing histopathologic and immunohistochemical studies were diagnostic for myxoma. We discuss the occurrence of cardiac myxoma within the pediatric population and review the literature as to theorize whether this lesion was a congenital process versus a rapidly growing tumor that developed after the child was born. Lastly, we address the potential for sudden death in patients with such tumors.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita/etiologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Mixoma/patologia , Cardiomegalia/etiologia , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Patologia Legal , Sopros Cardíacos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Valvas Cardíacas/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Miocárdio/patologia , Mixoma/congênito
17.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 91(4): 1276-80, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21440163

RESUMO

We believe this case represents the first confirmed congenital infantile fibrosarcoma (CIFS) of the heart. We describe an infant with congenital infantile fibrosarcoma of the heart who was treated with chemotherapy and who had a life-threatening complication develop that was successfully corrected by surgery. This demonstrates an unusual presentation, remarkable imaging, and diagnostic and treatment dilemmas. More significantly, this emphasizes the importance of a multidisciplinary approach for successful treatment of congenital infantile fibrosarcoma.


Assuntos
Fibrossarcoma/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Fibrossarcoma/diagnóstico , Fibrossarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cardíacas/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
18.
Acta Paediatr ; 100(8): e90-2, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21284721

RESUMO

AIM: It is of general agreement that complete surgical removal after birth of intrapericardial fetal teratomas is needed, because of the risk of severe cardiovascular and respiratory distress, related to the mass size, location and secondary pericardial effusion. Histological examination generally shows mature aspect of cells and tissues. METHODS: We present a case of grade II immature pericardial teratoma, diagnosed in utero and completely removed after birth. RESULTS: Even surgical removal was complete, histological aspects raised the need of long follow-up with serial alpha-fetoprotein determinations. CONCLUSION: A neonatal grade II immature pericardial teratoma was completely removed after birth. The follow-up of the patient, until 10 months of life, was good with no recurrence of the disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Adulto , Feminino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pericárdio , Gravidez , Teratoma/congênito , Teratoma/cirurgia
19.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 12(2): 287-9, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21118831

RESUMO

We report the case of an intrapericardial teratoma, a rare tumour in infants, prenatally diagnosed and successfully treated thanks to a multidisciplinary approach. An intrapericardial cystic mass (2.5 cm) with pericardial effusion was identified in a foetus at 32 weeks gestational age (GA). Intrauterine pericardiocentesis was performed immediately (40 ml) and repeated at 33 weeks (25 ml) and then at 34 weeks GA, just before birth (36 ml). Considering the rapid growth of the mass and the risk of hydrops, vaginal delivery was induced. A baby girl weighing 1.98 kg was born without cardiorespiratory compromise. Echocardiography and thoracic CT-scan located the 4.0×3.0 cm cystic mass between the left atrial appendage and the left superior pulmonary vein. At three days of life, the mass was completely removed without cardiobypass. It arose from the ascending aorta. Postoperative course was uneventful. Pathology diagnosed an immature intrapericardial teratoma. As long-term follow-up is required, alpha-fetoprotein can be a valid tool to monitor a possible recurrence. A multidisciplinary approach allows successful prenatal management and postnatal tumour surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Pericárdio/patologia , Teratoma/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Trabalho de Parto Induzido , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Congenit Heart Dis ; 5(1): 51-5, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20136858

RESUMO

Intrapericardial teratomas are rare but potentially fatal. With prenatal ultrasound, early diagnosis and decision for treatment can be accomplished. However, the decision becomes to treat prenatally vs. waiting until the neonatal period for definitive surgical management. The most common sequelae of intrapericardial teratomas are pericardial effusion and often progression to hydrops. It is these sequelae that tend to guide management. Presented here is a case report of the diagnosis and management of a twin fetus with an intrapericardial teratoma, as well as a review of the literature.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Doenças em Gêmeos/cirurgia , Coração Fetal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Pericárdio/cirurgia , Teratoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Cesárea , Doenças em Gêmeos/congênito , Doenças em Gêmeos/diagnóstico , Feminino , Coração Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração Fetal/patologia , Idade Gestacional , Neoplasias Cardíacas/congênito , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Hidropisia Fetal/etiologia , Recém-Nascido , Nascimento Vivo , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Derrame Pericárdico/congênito , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Pericárdio/embriologia , Gravidez , Teratoma/congênito , Teratoma/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Gêmeos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
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