Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 9.815
Filtrar
1.
Arch. prev. riesgos labor. (Ed. impr.) ; 24(1): 47-61, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197120

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Revisar la literatura científica relacionada con los efectos de la exposición ocupacional a factores de riesgo para neoplasias cutáneas en trabajadores del sector pesquero. MÉTODO: Análisis crítico de los trabajos recuperados mediante revisión sistemática en MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science y Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS). Se evaluó la calidad de los artículos seleccionados mediante el cuestionario STROBE. RESULTADOS: Al atribuir los criterios de inclusión y exclusión a la búsqueda, se aceptaron 11 estudios para su revisión. En 7 de ellos, se obtuvo una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre neoplasia cutánea y exposición ocupacional. CONCLUSIONES: Se observa una relación entre lesiones malignas y exposición a radiación ultravioleta en el ámbito laboral, no obstante, la existencia de posibles sesgos hace que los resultados deban de tomarse con precaución


OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature related to the effects of occupational exposure to risk factors for skin neoplasms in fishery workers. METHOD: Critical analysis of the papers recovered through systematic review from en MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science y Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS). STOROBE guidelines were followed to evaluate their quality. RESULTS: After attributing inclusion and exclusion criteria to the search, 11 articles were accepted for review and critical analysis. In 7 of them, a statistically significant association was obtained between skin neoplasia and occupational exposure in fishermen. CONCLUSIONS: Despite having found studies that were significant in terms of the relationship of malignant lesions and exposure to ultraviolet radiation in the workplace, some of them did not control possible biases, therefore the results should be taken with caution


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Pesqueiros , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Transversais , Local de Trabalho , Indústria Pesqueira
2.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 30(1): 83-86, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent cancer worldwide in humans. The risk factors reported in the literature encompass excessive sun exposure, genetic predisposition, irradiation, exposure to arsenic, and trauma. The exact role of trauma in the etiology of BCC remains unexplained. OBJECTIVES: To analyze patients with BCC treated surgically in the Dermatosurgery Unit, looking for possible cases of BCC secondary to trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review all of treated BCCs in the Dermatosurgery Unit between January 2017 and June 2020. RESULTS: Among 1,832 patients with BCC, 5 (0.27%) tumors had a positive history of previous trauma. Many different types of injuries have been associated with oncogenesis in the area of the scar. The clinical presentations of lesions varied between the patients. CONCLUSIONS: It is worth to underline that BCC may be located in the area of post-traumatic scar; however, the incidence seems to be lower comparing to reported previously (7.3-13%). This article illustrates the importance of exclusion malignancy in every non-healing lesion. A neoplasm may be difficult to differentiate from infection or local ischemia in the area of the scar. Prudent management of all clinically unclear lesions should include a biopsy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Biópsia , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Basocelular/etiologia , Cicatriz , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia
3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 160, 2021 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420020

RESUMO

We trained and validated risk prediction models for the three major types of skin cancer- basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma-on a cross-sectional and longitudinal dataset of 210,000 consented research participants who responded to an online survey covering personal and family history of skin cancer, skin susceptibility, and UV exposure. We developed a primary disease risk score (DRS) that combined all 32 identified genetic and non-genetic risk factors. Top percentile DRS was associated with an up to 13-fold increase (odds ratio per standard deviation increase >2.5) in the risk of developing skin cancer relative to the middle DRS percentile. To derive lifetime risk trajectories for the three skin cancers, we developed a second and age independent disease score, called DRSA. Using incident cases, we demonstrated that DRSA could be used in early detection programs for identifying high risk asymptotic individuals, and predicting when they are likely to develop skin cancer. High DRSA scores were not only associated with earlier disease diagnosis (by up to 14 years), but also with more severe and recurrent forms of skin cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Melanoma/epidemiologia , Modelos Estatísticos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Basocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Triagem e Testes Direto ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Anamnese , Melanoma/etiologia , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Pele/patologia , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318269

RESUMO

Acrokeratosis paraneoplastica (Bazex syndrome) is a rare paraneoplastic skin condition characterised by acral psoriasiform plaques, with a predilection for the nose, ears, hands and feet. It typically presents before the discovery of an internal malignancy and is often misdiagnosed as an inflammatory dermatitis that does not respond to treatment. It is associated with squamous cell carcinoma of the aerodigestive tract and lung, as well as adenocarcinoma of the lung, colon and gastrum. Here, we describe the second reported case of Bazex syndrome in the setting of pancreatic adenocarcinoma and the first such case in a patient of African ancestry.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Basocelular/etiologia , Hipotricose/etiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Adenocarcinoma/etnologia , Afro-Americanos , Idoso , Carcinoma Basocelular/etnologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Hipotricose/etnologia , Masculino , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/etnologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etnologia
5.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 29(10): 1221-1230, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064381

RESUMO

The increasing number of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) procedures and lower transplant-related mortality has led to a growing population of survivors facing long-term increased risk of secondary malignancy, including cutaneous neoplasms. In this review, we aim to discuss the incidence, risk factors and preventive strategies for secondary skin neoplasms after autologous and allogeneic HSCT. Cutaneous neoplasms, such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma, are among the most common solid cancers arising in patients after HSCT. Besides risk factors established in the general population, primary disease, chronic graft-versus-host disease (CGvHD), prolonged immunosuppression, especially with the use of cyclosporine and azathioprine, radiation exposure, light skin color, male sex, and young age at transplantation play a role in the development of cutaneous neoplasms in HSCT recipients. Skin cancer development after HSCT may be explained by cumulative effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy-induced DNA damage, prolonged immunosuppressive conditions and chronic mucosal inflammation, particularly after allogeneic HSCT. Delayed immune recovery and persistent immunodeficiency in patients with graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) may also contribute to carcinogenesis. Regular dermatological surveillance and prompt recognition of precancerous and cancerous lesions is crucial for patient's prognosis and management.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Ciclosporina , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Transplante Homólogo
7.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239586, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991600

RESUMO

In this study, we sought to identify the potential impacts of disease characteristics on the prognosis of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). We searched the PubMed, EmBase, and Cochrane Library databases from their inception until February 2020 to identify studies that investigated the prognosis of cSCC. The pooled effect estimates were applied using odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) and were calculated using the random-effects model. Forty-three studies including a total of 21,530 patients and reporting 28,627 cases of cSCC were selected for the final meta-analysis. Poor differentiation (OR, 3.54; 95% CI, 2.30-5.46; P < 0.001), perineural invasion (OR, 3.27; 95% CI, 1.60-6.67; P = 0.001), Breslow greater than 2 mm (OR, 5.47; 95% CI, 2.63-11.37; P < 0.001), diameter greater than 20 mm (OR, 4.62; 95% CI, 2.95-7.23; P < 0.001), and location on temple (OR, 3.20; 95% CI, 1.12-9.15; P = 0.030) were associated with an increased risk of recurrence, whereas immunosuppression status and location on cheek, ear, or lip were not associated with the risk of recurrence. Poor differentiation (OR, 6.82; 95% CI, 4.66-9.99; P < 0.001); perineural invasion (OR, 7.15; 95% CI, 4.73-10.83; P < 0.001); Breslow greater than 2 mm (OR, 6.11; 95% CI, 4.05-9.21; P < 0.001); diameter greater than 20 mm (OR, 5.01; 95% CI, 2.56-9.80; P < 0.001); and location on ear (OR, 2.38; 95% CI, 1.39-4.09; P = 0.002), lip (OR, 2.15; 95% CI, 1.26-3.68; P = 0.005), and temple (OR, 2.77; 95% CI, 1.20-6.40; P = 0.017) were associated with an increased risk of metastasis, whereas immunosuppression status and location on cheek did not affect the risk of metastasis. Finally, poor differentiation (OR, 5.97; 95% CI, 1.82-19.62; P = 0.003), perineural invasion (OR, 6.64; 95% CI, 3.63-12.12; P < 0.001), and Breslow greater than 2 mm (OR, 3.42; 95% CI, 1.76-6.66; P < 0.001) were associated with an increased risk of disease-specific death, whereas diameter; immunosuppression status; and location on ear, lip, and temple did not affect the risk of disease-specific death. We found that differentiation, perineural invasion, depth, diameter, and location could affect the prognosis of cSCC. The potential role of other patient characteristics on the prognosis of cSCC should be identified in further large-scale prospective studies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/etiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/etiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Imunossupressão/métodos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
8.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(4): 485-488, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972607

RESUMO

Many factors affect the health and physiology of human skin, with some of them arising from outer space. This contribution explores four celestial influences on the skin: (1) the sun's ultraviolet light, which has both beneficial and deleterious dermatologic effects, (2) meteorite injuries, (3) possible lunar effects on the body's health, and (4) cosmic radiation as a risk factor for skin cancer and pregnancy-related complications. Some of these extraterrestrial influences on skin health have taken on added significance as human beings increasingly spend more time at higher altitudes in aircraft, spaceships, and space stations.


Assuntos
Radiação Cósmica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Pele/lesões , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Luz Solar/efeitos adversos , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Aeronaves , Altitude , Dermatite de Contato/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meteoroides , Lua , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia
9.
Int J Hematol ; 112(4): 459-465, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889697

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a malignant lymphoproliferative disease characterized by the accumulation of immature monoclonal B lymphocytes in blood cells, bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes. This is the most common type of leukemia among the Caucasoid race. When CLL skin lesions occur in about 25% of patients, they are extremely diverse. These lesions can be divided into specific, including infiltration of the skin by leukemic cells and the skin form of Richter's syndrome, secondary skin tumors, nonspecific lesions and associated skin diseases.Leukemic infiltration of the skin in patients with leukemia is called specific skin lesions (SSL). Many authors associate the unfavorable prognosis with the transformation of CLL with specific infiltration of the skin into Richter syndrome, as well as the appearance of SSL before the diagnosis of CLL. The risk of developing various cancer pathologies in patients with CLL is three times higher than in healthy people identical in sex and age. It was found that the risk of skin cancer in these patients is eight times higher than in the healthy population. The most common secondary skin tumors in CLL are basal-cell carcinoma, squamous-cell carcinoma, melanoma, and Merkel tumor.Nonspecific skin changes are extremely diverse and occur in patients with CLL in 30-50% of cases. The most common secondary changes in the skin in CLL are those of infectious nature. There are also increased reactions to insect bites, generalized itching, exfoliative erythroderma, nodular erythema, paraneoplastic pemphigoid, bullous pemphigoid, drug eruption. Concomitant dermatoses in these patients are more severe and often torpid to the previously conducted therapy. There is no doubt that together with the clarification of the etiology and pathogenesis of CLL, particular issues related to the study of clinical and morphological changes in individual organs and systems, in particular the skin, formed at various stages of the development of this disease should be studied in detail. This can not only expand and clarify our understanding of this pathology, but also can help to clarify the essence of the disease.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Infiltração Leucêmica/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Pele/patologia , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Síndrome
10.
Mol Carcinog ; 59(11): 1292-1301, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924161

RESUMO

Ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure is a core factor that leads to skin disease or carcinogenesis through the insufficient repair of DNA lesions. UVB-induced DNA lesions are mainly removed by the nucleotide excision repair (NER) mechanism. The expression of histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) is altered in the skin upon UVB exposure, indicating its possible implication in UVB-induced DNA lesions repair. Here, we investigated the role of HDAC4 in the NER removal of the main classes of UVB-induced DNA lesions consisting of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photoproducts (6-4PPs). We found that UVB irradiation increased HDAC4 expression at both the mRNA and protein levels. HDAC4 interacted with NER factor XPC, which played an important role in effectively removing the UVB-induced DNA lesions. This study provides an understanding of the HDAC4 function in DNA repair, which will allow the development of efficient strategies to protect the skin from UVR-induced diseases.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA , Reparo do DNA , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Melanoma Experimental/prevenção & controle , Substâncias Protetoras , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Animais , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Melanoma Experimental/etiologia , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Camundongos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
11.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1268: 19-36, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918212

RESUMO

Vitamin D is the sunshine vitamin for good reason. During exposure to sunlight, the ultraviolet B photons enter the skin and photolyze 7-dehydrocholesterol to previtamin D3 which in turn is isomerized by the body's temperature to vitamin D3. Most humans have depended on sun for their vitamin D requirement. Skin pigment, sunscreen use, aging, time of day, season, and latitude dramatically affect previtamin D3 synthesis. Vitamin D deficiency was thought to have been conquered, but it is now recognized that more than 50% of the world's population is at risk for vitamin D deficiency. This deficiency is in part due to the inadequate fortification of foods with vitamin D and the misconception that a healthy diet contains an adequate amount of vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency causes growth retardation and rickets in children and will precipitate and exacerbate osteopenia, osteoporosis and increase risk of fracture in adults. The vitamin D deficiency pandemic has other serious consequences including increased risk of common cancers, autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases, and cardiovascular disease. There needs to be a renewed appreciation of the beneficial effect of moderate sensible sunlight for providing all humans with their vitamin D requirement for health.


Assuntos
Saúde , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Luz Solar , Raios Ultravioleta , Vitamina D , Humanos , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/etiologia , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
12.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1268: 115-122, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918215

RESUMO

Increasing sun exposure is related to lower prevalence of death in cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes, and other noncancer non-CVD. In this chapter we aim to make a short update on the knowledge regarding sun exposure and all-cause mortality. Data support the hypothesis that low sun exposure habits are a major risk factor for all-cause mortality. Low sun exposure is related to an increased risk of death due to CVD and noncancer/non-CVD, and a minor reduction in risk of cancer. Active sun exposure habits have a dual effect; it increases the incidence of skin cancer, but also improves the prognosis in terms of all-cause mortality. In a low solar intensity region, we should carefully assess both risk and benefits of sun exposure in order to obtain balanced recommendations.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Luz Solar , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia
13.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1268: 143-154, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918217

RESUMO

Solar UV exposure is critical and complex in the etiology and prognosis of skin cancer, particularly cutaneous malignant melanoma. Sun exposure and one of its "derivatives," vitamin D, have been implicated in protection against mortality from melanoma. However, the relationships are inconsistent. At this time, it is not possible to make clear recommendations for or against sun exposure in relationship to melanoma prognosis. However, this relationship deserves continued exploration.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Raios Ultravioleta , Humanos , Melanoma/etiologia , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/etiologia , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/mortalidade , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Vitamina D
14.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1268: 195-209, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918220

RESUMO

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) infect squamous epithelia and can induce hyperproliferative lesions. More than 220 different HPV types have been characterized and classified into five different genera. While mucosal high-risk HPVs have a well-established causal role in anogenital carcinogenesis, the biology of cutaneous HPVs is less well understood.From patients with the rare genetic disorder epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) and animal models, evidence is accumulating that cutaneous PV of genus ß synergize with ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). In 2009, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified the genus ß-HPV types 5 and 8 as "possible carcinogenic" biological agents (group 2B) in EV disease. Epidemiological and biological studies indicate that genus ß-PV infection may also play a role in UV-mediated skin carcinogenesis in non-EV patients. However, they rather act at early stages of carcinogenesis and become dispensable for the maintenance of the malignant phenotype, compatible with a "hit-and-run" mechanism.This chapter will give an overview on genus ß-PV infections and discuss similarities and differences of cutaneous and genus α mucosal high-risk HPV in epithelial carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Papillomaviridae/patogenicidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/virologia , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/etiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Epidermodisplasia Verruciforme/etiologia , Epidermodisplasia Verruciforme/virologia , Humanos , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
15.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1268: 257-283, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918223

RESUMO

Nonmelanoma skin cancers including basal and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC and BCC) represent a significant clinical problem due to their relatively high incidence, imposing an economic burden to healthcare systems around the world. It is accepted that ultraviolet radiation (UVR: λ = 290-400 nm) plays a crucial role in the initiation and promotion of BCC and SCC with UVB (λ = 290-320 nm) having a central role in this process. On the other hand, UVB is required for vitamin D3 (D3) production in the skin, which supplies >90% of the body's requirement for this prohormone. Prolonged exposure to UVB can also generate tachysterol and lumisterol. Vitamin D3 itself and its canonical (1,25(OH)2D3) and noncanonical (CYP11A1-intitated) D3 hydroxyderivatives show photoprotective functions in the skin. These include regulation of keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation, induction of anti-oxidative responses, inhibition of DNA damage and induction of DNA repair mechanisms, and anti-inflammatory activities. Studies in animals have demonstrated that D3 hydroxyderivatives can attenuate UVB or chemically induced epidermal cancerogenesis and inhibit growth of SCC and BCC. Genomic and non-genomic mechanisms of action have been suggested. In addition, vitamin D3 itself inhibits hedgehog signaling pathways which have been implicated in many cancers. Silencing of the vitamin D receptor leads to increased propensity to develop UVB or chemically induced epidermal cancers. Other targets for vitamin D compounds include 1,25D3-MARRS, retinoic orphan receptors α and γ, aryl hydrocarbon receptor, and Wnt signaling. Most recently, photoprotective effects of lumisterol hydroxyderivatives have been identified. Clinical trials demonstrated a beneficial role of vitamin D compounds in the treatment of actinic keratosis. In summary, recent advances in vitamin D biology and pharmacology open new exciting opportunities in chemoprevention and treatment of skin cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Vitamina D/química , Animais , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Receptores de Calcitriol/metabolismo , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Vitamina D/metabolismo , Vitamina D/farmacologia , Vitaminas/química , Vitaminas/metabolismo , Vitaminas/farmacologia
16.
J S Afr Vet Assoc ; 91(0): e1-e5, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787426

RESUMO

A 3-year-old, pregnant, Alpine Brown cow showed a rapidly growing, pedunculated, skin mass located at the umbilical region, reaching 8 kg in weight over a 3-month period after its initial detection. Six days after parturition, the mass was completely surgically excised. During the follow-up period, the cow remained in good health, without signs of recurrence, and showed increased milk production. Histological examination of the mass revealed a loose proliferation of spindle-shaped or stellate cells, immersed in an abundant myxoid matrix with admixed numerous thin-walled blood vessels. Immunohistochemically, the tumour cells were positive for vimentin, α-smooth muscle actin, and desmin. Gross and histopathological features were compatible with superficial angiomyxoma, a subtype of angiomyxoma rarely described in humans, but not in the veterinary literature. The tumour did not infiltrate into the surrounding tissues, and there was no post-excision recurrence after 3 months. The possibility of hormonal dependence of the tumour during pregnancy is discussed based on such findings in some human cases.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico , Mixoma/veterinária , Neoplasias Cutâneas/veterinária , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/etiologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/cirurgia , Feminino , Mixoma/diagnóstico , Mixoma/etiologia , Mixoma/cirurgia , Gravidez , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
17.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(8): e1008792, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813746

RESUMO

Tumor suppressors can exert pro-proliferation functions in specific contexts. In the beta human papillomavirus type 38 (HPV38) experimental model, the viral proteins E6 and E7 promote accumulation of a wild-type (WT) p53 form in human keratinocytes (HKs), promoting cellular proliferation. Inactivation of p53 by different means strongly decreases the proliferation of HPV38 E6/E7 HKs. This p53 form is phosphorylated at S392 by the double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase PKR, which is highly activated by HPV38. PKR-mediated S392 p53 phosphorylation promotes the formation of a p53/DNMT1 complex, which inhibits expression of integrin alpha 1 (ITGA1), a repressor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling. Ectopic expression of ITGA1 in HPV38 E6/E7 HKs promotes EGFR degradation, inhibition of cellular proliferation, and cellular death. Itga1 expression was also inhibited in the skin of HPV38 transgenic mice that have an elevated susceptibility to UV-induced skin carcinogenesis. In summary, these findings reveal the existence of a specific WT p53 form that displays pro-proliferation properties.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/antagonistas & inibidores , Proliferação de Células , Queratinócitos/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos , Queratinócitos/imunologia , Queratinócitos/virologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
19.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(4): e3129, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139177

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: La insuficiencia venosa crónica es el conjunto de síntomas y signos derivados de una hipertensión venosa en los miembros inferiores debido a un mal funcionamiento valvular de los sistemas venosos. Se han asociado varias complicaciones a esta entidad, una de ellas es el pseudosarcoma de Kaposi, enfermedad rara y caracterizada por una proliferación reactiva vascular, con lesiones cutáneas similares a las del sarcoma de Kaposi. Objetivo: Describir el proceso diagnóstico de una paciente con pseudosarcoma de Kaposi tipo Mali unilateral como complicación de la insuficiencia venosa crónica. Presentación del caso: Se presenta una paciente femenina, piel blanca, de 51 años de edad, con lesiones cutáneas de aproximadamente 9 años de evolución, tipo placas eritematomarronáceas y papuloescamocostrosas, en el miembro inferior derecho, que progresivamente fueron extendiéndose; la paciente presentaba además insuficiencia venosa crónica. Se diagnosticó pseudosarcoma de Kaposi tipo Mali unilateral, teniendo en cuenta, fundamentalmente, los antecedentes patológicos personales, el examen clínico realizado, la biopsia de la lesión, la inmunohistoquímica para anticuerpos CD 34 y el dúplex venoso de miembro inferior derecho. Se indicó terapia compresiva de la extremidad y ungüento esteroideo en lesiones, con mejoría de estas. Conclusiones: Una de las complicaciones asociadas a la insuficiencia venosa crónica es el pseudosarcoma de Kaposi. En esta rara entidad cutánea el estudio histopatológico y la inmunohistoquímica desempeñan un papel muy importante para su correcto diagnóstico y diferenciación del sarcoma de Kaposi, principal diagnóstico diferencial a tener en cuenta(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Chronic venous insufficiency is the set of symptoms and signs derived from venous hypertension in the lower limbs due to a valvular malfunction of the venous system. Several complications have been associated with this entity; one of them is Pseudo-Kaposi's sarcoma, a rare disease characterized by reactive vascular proliferation with skin lesions similar to those of Kaposi's sarcoma. Objective: To describe the diagnostic process of a patient with unilateral Mali-type Pseudo-Kaposi's sarcoma as a complication of chronic venous insufficiency. Case presentation: Fifty-one-year-old white female patient with about 9-year history of brownish erythematosus-type and squamous, crusty plaque-like skin lesions in the right lower limb that were progressively extending. The patient also presented chronic venous insufficiency. Unilateral Mali-type Pseudo-Kaposi's sarcoma was diagnosed, mainly considering the personal pathological antecedents, the clinical examination performed, the biopsy of the lesion, the immunohistochemistry for CD34 antibodies and the venous duplex imaging of the right lower limb. Compressive therapy of the limb and steroid ointment was indicated for the lesions, with improvement of the condition. Conclusions: Pseudo-Kaposi's sarcoma is one of the complications associated with chronic venous insufficiency. In this rare skin entity, the histopathological study and immunohistochemistry play a very important role in the correct diagnosis and differentiation of Kaposi's sarcoma, being this the main differential diagnosis to take into account(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoma de Kaposi/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Insuficiência Venosa/complicações , Perna (Membro)
20.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(3)2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609442

RESUMO

Gel nails are a common artificial nail option. Ultraviolet (UV) nail lamps are commonly used to cure gel nails. Ultraviolet A radiation is a known mutagen that penetrates into the nail bed. Although previously reported, the role of UV nail lamps in the carcinogenesis of both keratinocyte carcinoma and melanoma remains controversial. Herein, we report a patient taking the photosensitizing agent hydrochlorothiazide who developed numerous squamous cell carcinomas on the dorsal hands and feet with a 10-year history of UV nail light exposure every 2-3 weeks.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/etiologia , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Indústria da Beleza , Feminino , Pé/efeitos da radiação , Mãos/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Hidroclorotiazida/efeitos adversos , Hidroclorotiazida/uso terapêutico , Doença de Meniere/tratamento farmacológico , Unhas , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...